BlackRock California Municipal Series Trust
STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
BlackRock California Municipal Series Trust
BlackRock California Municipal Opportunities Fund
BlackRock Multi-State Municipal Series Trust
BlackRock New Jersey Municipal Bond Fund
BlackRock Pennsylvania Municipal Bond Fund
100 Bellevue Parkway, Wilmington, Delaware 19809 • Phone No. (800) 441-7762

    
This Statement of Additional Information of BlackRock California Municipal Opportunities Fund (the “California Fund”), a series of BlackRock California Municipal Series Trust (the “California Trust”), and of BlackRock New Jersey Municipal Bond Fund (the “New Jersey Fund”) and BlackRock Pennsylvania Municipal Bond Fund (the “Pennsylvania Fund” and, collectively with the California Fund and the New Jersey Fund, the “Funds”), each a series of BlackRock Multi-State Municipal Series Trust (the “Multi-State Trust” and, collectively with the California Trust, the “Trusts”) is not a prospectus and should be read in conjunction with the Prospectuses of the Funds, dated September 28, 2023, as they may be amended or supplemented from time to time (each a “Prospectus”), which have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission” or the “SEC”) and can be obtained, without charge, by calling (800) 441-7762 or by writing to the Funds at the above address. The Funds’ Prospectuses are incorporated by reference into this Statement of Additional Information, and Part I of this Statement of Additional Information and the portions of Part II of this Statement of Additional Information that relate to the Funds have been incorporated by reference into the Funds’ Prospectuses. The portions of Part II of this Statement of Additional Information that do not relate to the Funds do not form a part of the Funds’ Statement of Additional Information, have not been incorporated by reference into the Funds’ Prospectuses and should not be relied upon by investors in the Funds. The audited financial statements of the Funds are incorporated into this Statement of Additional Information by reference to each Fund’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023 (the “Annual Report”). You may request a copy of each Fund’s Annual Report at no charge by calling (800) 441-7762 between 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Eastern time on any business day.
References to the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act” or the “1940 Act”), or other applicable law, will include any rules promulgated thereunder and any guidance, interpretations or modifications by the Commission, Commission staff or other authority with appropriate jurisdiction, including court interpretations, and exemptive, no-action or other relief or permission from the Commission, Commission staff or other authority.
Class   BlackRock
California
Municipal Opportunities
Fund
Ticker Symbol
  BlackRock
New Jersey
Municipal Bond Fund
Ticker Symbol
  BlackRock
Pennsylvania
Municipal Bond Fund
Ticker Symbol
Investor A Shares

  MECMX   MENJX   MEPYX
Investor A1 Shares

  MDCMX   MDNJX   MDPYX
Investor C Shares

  MFCMX   MFNJX   MFPYX
Institutional Shares

  MACMX   MANJX   MAPYX
Service Shares

  N/A   MSNJX   MSPYX
Class K Shares

  MKCMX   MKNJX   MKPYK
  

BlackRock Advisors, LLC — Manager
BlackRock Investments, LLC — Distributor

The date of this Statement of Additional Information is September 28, 2023.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
  Page
PART I  

I-1

I-8

I-9

I-20

I-27

I-29

I-29

I-31

I-37
PART II  

II-1

II-76

II-79

II-91

II-108

II-111

II-115

II-117

II-121

II-128

II-130

II-131

A-1

B-1

C-1


Table of Contents
PART I: INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUNDS
Part I of this Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”) sets forth information about the Funds. It includes information about the Board of Trustees of each Trust (the “Board” or the “Board of Trustees” and members of which are referred to as “Trustees”), the management services provided to and the management fees paid by the Funds and information about other fees applicable to and services provided to the Funds. This Part I of this SAI should be read in conjunction with the Funds’ Prospectuses and those portions of Part II of this SAI that pertain to the Funds.
I. Investment Objectives and Policies
In implementing each Fund’s investment strategy, from time to time, BlackRock Advisors, LLC (“BlackRock” or the “Manager”), each Fund’s investment manager, may consider and employ techniques and strategies designed to minimize and defer the U.S. federal income taxes which may be incurred by shareholders in connection with their investment in such Fund.
Set forth below is a listing of some of the types of investments and investment strategies that the Funds may use, and the risks and considerations associated with those investments and investment strategies. Please see Part II of this SAI for further information on these investments and investment strategies. Information contained in Part II about the risks and considerations associated with a Fund’s investments and/or investment strategies applies only to the extent the Fund makes each type of investment or uses each investment strategy. Information that does not apply to the Funds does not form a part of the Funds’ SAI and should not be relied on by investors in the Funds.
Only information that is clearly identified as applicable to a Fund is considered to form a part of such Fund’s SAI.
  California
Fund
New Jersey
Fund
Pennsylvania
Fund
144A Securities X X X
Asset-Backed Securities      
Asset-Based Securities      
Precious Metal-Related Securities      
Borrowing and Leverage X X X
Cash Flows; Expenses      
Cash Management X X X
Collateralized Debt Obligations      
Collateralized Bond Obligations      
Collateralized Loan Obligations      
Commercial Paper X X X
Commodity-Linked Derivative Instruments and Hybrid Instruments      
Qualifying Hybrid Instruments      
Hybrid Instruments Without Principal Protection      
Limitations on Leverage      
Counterparty Risk      
Convertible Securities      
Corporate Loans      
Direct Lending      
Credit Linked Securities      
Cyber Security Issues X X X
Debt Securities X X X
Inflation-Indexed Bonds X X X
Investment Grade Debt Obligations X X X
High Yield Investments (“Junk Bonds”) X X X
I-1


Table of Contents
  California
Fund
New Jersey
Fund
Pennsylvania
Fund
Mezzanine Investments      
Pay-in-kind Bonds      
Supranational Entities      
Depositary Receipts (ADRs, EDRs and GDRs)      
Derivatives X X X
Hedging X X X
Speculation X X X
Risk Factors in Derivatives X X X
Correlation Risk X X X
Counterparty Risk X X X
Credit Risk X X X
Currency Risk      
Illiquidity Risk X X X
Leverage Risk X X X
Market Risk X X X
Valuation Risk X X X
Volatility Risk X X X
Futures X X X
Swap Agreements X X X
Credit Default Swaps and Similar Instruments X X X
Interest Rate Swaps, Floors and Caps X X X
Total Return Swaps X X X
Options X X X
Options on Securities and Securities Indices X X X
Call Options X X X
Put Options X X X
Options on Government National Mortgage Association (“GNMA”) Certificates      
Options on Swaps (“Swaptions”) X X X
Foreign Exchange Transactions      
Spot Transactions and FX Forwards      
Currency Futures      
Currency Options      
Currency Swaps      
Distressed Securities X X X
Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) Integration X X X
Equity Securities      
Real Estate-Related Securities      
Securities of Smaller or Emerging Growth Companies      
Exchange-Traded Notes (“ETNs”)      
Foreign Investments      
Foreign Investment Risks      
I-2


Table of Contents
  California
Fund
New Jersey
Fund
Pennsylvania
Fund
Foreign Market Risk      
Foreign Economy Risk      
Currency Risk and Exchange Risk      
Governmental Supervision and Regulation/Accounting Standards      
Certain Risks of Holding Fund Assets Outside the United States      
Publicly Available Information      
Settlement Risk      
Sovereign Debt      
Withholding Tax Reclaims Risk      
Funding Agreements      
Guarantees X X X
Illiquid Investments X X X
Index Funds      
Tracking Error Risk      
S&P 500 Index      
Russell Indexes      
MSCI Indexes      
FTSE Indexes      
Bloomberg Indexes      
ICE BofA Indexes      
Indexed and Inverse Securities X X X
Inflation Risk X X X
Initial Public Offering (“IPO”) Risk      
Interfund Lending Program X X X
Borrowing, to the extent permitted by the Fund’s investment policies and restrictions X X X
Lending, to the extent permitted by the Fund’s investment policies and restrictions      
Investment in Emerging Markets      
Brady Bonds      
China Investments Risk      
Investment in Other Investment Companies X X X
Exchange-Traded Funds X X X
Lease Obligations X X X
Life Settlement Investments      
Liquidity Risk Management X X X
Master Limited Partnerships      
Merger Transaction Risk      
Money Market Obligations of Domestic Banks, Foreign Banks and Foreign Branches of U.S. Banks X X X
Money Market Securities X X X
Mortgage-Related Securities      
Mortgage-Backed Securities      
I-3


Table of Contents
  California
Fund
New Jersey
Fund
Pennsylvania
Fund
Collateralized Mortgage Obligations (“CMOs”)      
Adjustable Rate Mortgage Securities      
CMO Residuals      
Stripped Mortgage-Backed Securities      
Tiered Index Bonds      
TBA Commitments      
Mortgage Dollar Rolls      
Net Interest Margin (NIM) Securities      
Municipal Investments X X X
Risk Factors and Special Considerations Relating to Municipal Bonds X X X
Description of Municipal Bonds X X X
General Obligation Bonds X X X
Revenue Bonds X X X
Private Activity Bonds (“PABs”) X X X
Moral Obligation Bonds X X X
Municipal Notes X X X
Municipal Commercial Paper X X X
Municipal Lease Obligations X X X
Tender Option Bonds X X X
Yields X X X
Variable Rate Demand Obligations (“VRDOs”) X X X
Transactions in Financial Futures Contracts on Municipal Indexes X X X
Call Rights X X X
Municipal Interest Rate Swap Transactions X X X
Insured Municipal Bonds X X X
Build America Bonds X X X
Tax-Exempt Municipal Investments X X X
Participation Notes      
Portfolio Turnover Rates X X X
Preferred Stock X X X
Tax-Exempt Preferred Shares X X X
Trust Preferred Securities X X X
Real Estate Investment Trusts (“REITs”)      
Recent Market Events X X X
Reference Rate Replacement Risk X X X
Repurchase Agreements and Purchase and Sale Contracts X X X
Restricted Securities X X X
Reverse Repurchase Agreements X X X
Rights Offerings and Warrants to Purchase      
Securities Lending X X X
Short Sales      
Special Purpose Acquisition Companies      
I-4


Table of Contents
  California
Fund
New Jersey
Fund
Pennsylvania
Fund
Standby Commitment Agreements      
Stripped Securities      
Structured Notes      
Taxability Risk X X X
Temporary Defensive Measures X X X
U.S. Government Obligations X X X
U.S. Treasury Obligations X X X
U.S. Treasury Rolls X X X
Utility Industries X X X
When-Issued Securities, Delayed Delivery Securities and Forward Commitments X X X
Yields and Ratings X X X
Zero Coupon Securities X X X
  
The investment objective of each of the California Fund, the New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund is to provide shareholders with income exempt from Federal income taxes and California personal income taxes, New Jersey personal income taxes or Pennsylvania personal income taxes, respectively. The investment objective of each Fund is a fundamental policy of the respective Fund and may not be changed without the approval of a majority of such Fund’s outstanding voting securities, as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, (the “Investment Company Act”). The California Fund seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing primarily in a portfolio of obligations issued by or on behalf of California, its political subdivisions, agencies and instrumentalities and obligations of other qualifying issuers, such as issuers located in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam, and interest on which is, in the opinion of bond counsel to the issuer, excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and exempt from California personal income taxes. Each of the New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund seeks to achieve its objective by investing primarily in a portfolio of long-term investment grade obligations issued by or on behalf of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, respectively, their respective political subdivisions, agencies and instrumentalities and obligations of other qualifying issuers, such as issuers located in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam, and interest on which is, in the opinion of bond counsel to the issuer, excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and exempt from New Jersey personal income taxes and Pennsylvania personal income taxes, respectively. Obligations the interest on which is excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes are referred to herein as “Municipal Bonds.” Obligations the interest on which, in the opinion of bond counsel of the issuer, is excludable from gross income for Federal income taxes and exempt from California personal income taxes, New Jersey personal income taxes or Pennsylvania personal income tax are referred to as “California Municipal Bonds,” “New Jersey Municipal Bonds” or “Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds,” respectively. Unless otherwise indicated, references to Municipal Bonds shall be deemed to include California Municipal Bonds, New Jersey Municipal Bonds and Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds. Municipal Bonds include general obligation bonds, revenue or special obligation bonds, private activity bonds, variable rate demand notes, and short-term tax-exempt municipal obligations such as tax anticipation notes.
Under normal circumstances, each of the California Fund, the New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets in California Municipal Bonds, New Jersey Municipal Bonds and Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds, respectively. For this purpose, net assets include any borrowings for investment purposes. This is a fundamental policy of each Fund and cannot be changed without a vote of the majority of the outstanding shares of the Fund as defined under the Investment Company Act. The California Fund is classified as a diversified open-end management investment company under the Investment Company Act. Each of the New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund is classified as a non-diversified open-end management investment company under the Investment Company Act. There can be no assurance that the investment objective of any Fund will be achieved.
For temporary periods or to provide liquidity, each Fund has the authority to invest as much as 35% of its assets in tax-exempt or taxable money market obligations with remaining maturities not in excess of one year from the date of purchase (“Temporary Investments”), except that taxable Temporary Investments generally will not exceed 20% of any Fund’s assets. In addition, each Fund reserves the right to temporarily invest a greater portion of its assets in Temporary Investments for defensive purposes, when, in the judgment of BlackRock, each Fund’s investment adviser, market conditions warrant such action. Temporary Investments consist of U.S. Government securities, U.S.
I-5


Table of Contents
Government Agency securities, domestic bank certificates of deposit and bankers’ acceptances, short-term corporate debt securities such as commercial paper and repurchase agreements. A Fund may realize capital gains that will constitute taxable income.
Each Fund may invest in certain tax-exempt securities that are classified as “private activity bonds,” which may subject certain investors to a Federal and possibly state alternative minimum tax.
Certain instruments in which a Fund may invest may be characterized as derivative instruments. The California Fund is authorized to engage in transactions in certain derivatives, such as interest rate futures contracts, financial futures contracts and options thereon, for hedging purposes or to seek to enhance returns. The California Fund may seek to actively manage interest rate risk through hedging strategies, and may seek to generate yield through liquidity, structure, credit, interest rate and duration strategies. The New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund are authorized to engage in transactions in financial futures contracts and options thereon only for hedging purposes. Each Fund is also authorized to invest in swap agreements, including credit default swap agreements, both for hedging purposes and to seek to enhance income. The Funds may also invest in indexed and inverse floating rate obligations, as well as variable rate demand obligations (“VRDOs”) and VRDOs in the form of participation interests in variable rate tax-exempt obligations held by a financial institution (“Participating VRDOs”). The Funds’ hedging strategies are not fundamental policies and may be modified by the Trustees of the Trusts without the approval of shareholders.
Certain Municipal Bonds may be entitled to the benefits of letters of credit or similar credit enhancements issued by financial institutions. In such instances, the Manager will take into account in assessing the quality of such bonds not only the creditworthiness of the issuer of such bonds but also the creditworthiness of the financial institution that provides the credit enhancement.
The New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund ordinarily do not intend to realize investment income that is not excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and exempt from New Jersey personal income taxes or Pennsylvania personal income taxes, as applicable. The California Fund, and to the extent that suitable New Jersey Municipal Bonds or Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds are not available for investment, the New Jersey Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund, respectively, may purchase Municipal Bonds issued by other states, their agencies and instrumentalities, the interest income on which is, in the opinion of bond counsel to the issuer, excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes, but not exempt from California personal income taxes, New Jersey personal income taxes or Pennsylvania personal income taxes, as applicable. Each Fund also may invest in securities not issued by or on behalf of a state or territory or by an agency or instrumentality thereof that are believed to pay interest that is excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and/or exempt from California personal income taxes, New Jersey personal income taxes or Pennsylvania personal income taxes, as applicable (“Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities”). Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities could include trust certificates or other instruments evidencing an interest in one or more long-term municipal securities. Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities also may include securities issued by other investment companies that invest in California Municipal Bonds, New Jersey Municipal Bonds or Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds, as applicable, or Municipal Bonds, to the extent such investments are permitted by the Investment Company Act. Certain Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities may be characterized as derivative instruments. For purposes of the Funds’ investment objectives and policies, Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities that pay interest that is excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes will be considered “Municipal Bonds,” Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities that pay interest that is excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and exempt from California personal income taxes will be considered “California Municipal Bonds,” Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities that pay interest that is excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and exempt from New Jersey personal income taxes will be considered “New Jersey Municipal Bonds” and Non-Municipal Tax-Exempt Securities that pay interest that is excludable from gross income for Federal income tax purposes and exempt from Pennsylvania personal income taxes will be considered “Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds.” Federal tax legislation has limited the types and volume of bonds the interest on which qualifies for a Federal income tax exemption. As a result, this legislation and legislation that may be enacted in the future may affect the availability of Municipal Bonds for investment by the Funds.
Investment Polices of the Funds
Each Fund pursues its investment objective through the separate investment policies described below. These policies differ with respect to the maturity and quality of portfolio securities in which a Fund may invest, and these policies can be expected to affect the yield on each Fund and the degree of market, financial, credit and interest rate risk to which the Fund is subject. Generally, Municipal Bonds with longer maturities tend to produce higher yields and are subject to greater market fluctuations as a result of changes in interest rates (“interest rate risk”) than are
I-6


Table of Contents
Municipal Bonds with shorter maturities. In addition, lower rated Municipal Bonds generally will provide a higher yield than higher rated Municipal Bonds of similar maturity but are also generally subject to greater market risk and to a greater degree of risk with respect to the ability of the issuer to meet its principal and interest obligations (“credit risk”). A Fund’s net asset value may fall when interest rates rise and rise when interest rates fall. Because of its emphasis on investments in Municipal Bonds, each Fund should be considered as a means of diversifying an investment portfolio and not in itself a balanced investment plan.
In implementing each Fund’s investment strategy, from time to time, BlackRock, each Fund’s investment manager, may consider and employ techniques and strategies designed to minimize and defer the U.S. federal income taxes which may be incurred by shareholders in connection with their investment in such Fund.
California Fund
Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its assets in California Municipal Bonds. At least 50% of the Fund’s assets will be invested in investment grade securities. Investment grade securities are those rated at the date of purchase in the four highest rating categories of S&P Global Ratings (“S&P”) (AAA, AA, A and BBB), Fitch Ratings (“Fitch”) (AAA, AA, A and BBB) or Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) (Aaa, Aa, A and Baa) in the case of long-term debt, rated MIG 1 through MIG 3 by Moody’s, rated F-1+ through F-3 by Fitch, or rated SP-1 through SP-2 by S&P in the case of short-term notes, and rated P-1 or P-2 in the case of Moody’s, rated F-1+ through F-3 by Fitch or A-1 through A-3 by S&P in the case of tax-exempt commercial paper. If unrated, such securities will possess creditworthiness comparable, in the opinion of the Manager, to other obligations in which the Fund may invest. Securities rated in the lowest investment grade category may be considered to have speculative characteristics. The Fund may invest up to 50% of its assets in non-investment grade bonds that are rated below Baa by Moody’s or below BBB by S&P or Fitch or that, in the Manager’s judgment, possess similar credit characteristics. Such securities, sometimes referred to as “high yield” or “junk” bonds, are predominantly speculative with respect to the capacity to pay interest and repay principal in accordance with the terms of the security and generally involve a greater volatility of price than securities in higher rating categories. The Fund may invest in bonds of any maturity. Under normal circumstances, the Fund seeks to maintain an average portfolio duration of zero to ten years. Duration is a mathematical calculation of the average life of a bond (or bonds in a bond fund) that serves as a useful measure of its price risk. Each year of duration represents an expected 1% change in the net asset value of a bond fund for every 1% immediate change in interest rates. For example, if a bond fund has an average duration of ten years, its net asset value will fall about 10% when interest rates rise by one percentage point. Conversely, the bond fund’s net asset value will rise about 10% when interest rates fall by one percentage point. Duration, which measures price sensitivity to interest rate changes, is not necessarily equal to average maturity. The Fund’s average weighted duration may vary significantly from time to time depending on the views of Fund management.
New Jersey Fund
Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its assets in New Jersey Municipal Bonds. At least 80% of the Fund’s assets will be invested in investment grade Municipal Bonds. Investment grade Municipal Bonds are those rated at the date of purchase in the four highest rating categories of S&P (AAA, AA, A and BBB), Fitch (AAA, AA, A and BBB) or Moody’s (Aaa, Aa, A and Baa) in the case of long-term debt, rated MIG 1 through MIG 3 by Moody’s, rated F-1+ through F-3 by Fitch, or rated SP-1 through SP-2 by S&P in the case of short-term notes, and rated P-1 or P-2 in the case of Moody’s, rated F-1+ through F-3 by Fitch or A-1 through A-3 by S&P in the case of tax-exempt commercial paper. If unrated, such securities will possess creditworthiness comparable, in the opinion of the Manager, to other obligations in which the Fund may invest. Securities rated in the lowest investment grade category may be considered to have speculative characteristics. The Fund may invest up to 20% of its assets in Municipal Bonds that are rated below Baa by Moody’s or below BBB by S&P or Fitch or that, in the Manager’s judgment, possess similar credit characteristics. Such securities, sometimes referred to as “high yield” or “junk” bonds, are predominantly speculative with respect to the capacity to pay interest and repay principal in accordance with the terms of the security and generally involve a greater volatility of price than securities in higher rating categories. The Fund does not intend to purchase debt securities that are in default or that the Manager believes will be in default. Under normal circumstances, it is generally anticipated that the Fund’s weighted average maturity will be in excess of ten years.
Pennsylvania Fund
Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its assets in Pennsylvania Municipal Bonds. At least 80% of the Fund’s assets will be invested in investment grade Municipal Bonds. Investment grade Municipal Bonds are those rated at the date of purchase in the four highest rating categories of S&P (AAA, AA, A and BBB),
I-7


Table of Contents
Fitch (AAA, AA, A and BBB) or Moody’s Investors (Aaa, Aa, A and Baa) in the case of long-term debt, rated MIG 1 through MIG 3 by Moody’s, rated F-1+ through F-3 by Fitch, or rated SP-1 through SP-2 by S&P in the case of short-term notes, and rated P-1 or P-2 in the case of Moody’s, rated F-1+ through F-3 by Fitch or A-1 through A-3 by S&P in the case of tax-exempt commercial paper. If unrated, such securities will possess creditworthiness comparable, in the opinion of the Manager, to other obligations in which the Fund may invest. Securities rated in the lowest investment grade category may be considered to have speculative characteristics. The Fund may invest up to 20% of its assets in Municipal Bonds that are rated below Baa by Moody’s or below BBB by S&P or Fitch or that, in the Manager’s judgment, possess similar credit characteristics. Such securities, sometimes referred to as “high yield” or “junk” bonds, are predominantly speculative with respect to the capacity to pay interest and repay principal in accordance with the terms of the security and generally involve a greater volatility of price than securities in higher rating categories. The Fund does not intend to purchase debt securities that are in default or that the Manager believes will be in default. Under normal circumstances, it is generally anticipated that the Fund’s weighted average maturity will be in excess of ten years.
Regulation Regarding Derivatives. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) subjects advisers to registered investment companies to regulation by the CFTC if the funds that are advised by the investment adviser either (i) invest, directly or indirectly, more than a prescribed level of its liquidation value in CFTC-regulated futures, options and swaps (“CFTC Derivatives”), or (ii) market themselves as providing investment exposure to such instruments. To the extent the Funds use CFTC Derivatives, they intend to do so below such prescribed levels and will not market themselves as a “commodity pool” or a vehicle for trading such instruments. Accordingly, BlackRock has claimed an exclusion from the definition of the term “commodity pool operator” under the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”) pursuant to Rule 4.5 under the CEA. BlackRock is not, therefore, subject to registration or regulation as a “commodity pool operator” under the CEA in respect of such Funds.
II. Investment Restrictions
The Trusts, on behalf of the Funds, have adopted restrictions and policies relating to the Funds’ assets and their activities. Certain of the restrictions are fundamental policies of the Funds and may not be changed without the approval of the holders of a majority of a Fund’s outstanding voting securities (which for this purpose and under the Investment Company Act, means the lesser of (i) 67% of the shares represented at a meeting at which more than 50% of the outstanding shares are represented or (ii) more than 50% of the outstanding shares). The Trusts, on behalf of the Funds, have also adopted certain non-fundamental investment restrictions, which may be changed by the Boards of Trustees without shareholder approval.
Set forth below are the Funds’ fundamental and non-fundamental investment restrictions. Unless otherwise provided, all references below to the assets of a Fund are in terms of current market value.
Under the Trusts’ fundamental investment restrictions, each Fund may not:
(1) Invest more than 25% of its assets, taken at market value, in the securities of issuers in any particular industry (excluding the U.S. Government and its agencies and instrumentalities). For purposes of this restriction, states, municipalities and their political subdivisions are not considered part of any industry.
(2) Make investments for the purpose of exercising control or management.
(3) Purchase or sell real estate, except that, to the extent permitted by applicable law, the Fund may invest in securities directly or indirectly secured by real estate or interests therein or issued by companies which invest in real estate or interests therein.
(4) Make loans to other persons, except that the acquisition of bonds, debentures or other corporate debt securities and investment in government obligations, commercial paper, pass-through instruments, certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, repurchase agreements or any similar instruments shall not be deemed to be the making of a loan, and except further that the Fund may lend its portfolio securities, provided that the lending of portfolio securities may be made only in accordance with applicable law and the guidelines set forth in the Fund’s Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information, as they may be amended from time to time.
(5) Issue senior securities to the extent such issuance would violate applicable law.
(6) Borrow money, except that (i) the Fund may borrow from banks (as defined in the Investment Company Act) in amounts up to 33 13% of its total assets (including the amount borrowed), (ii) the Fund may, to the extent permitted by applicable law, borrow up to an additional 5% of its total assets for temporary purposes, (iii) the Fund may obtain such short-term credit as may be necessary for the clearance of purchases and sales of portfolio securities and (iv) the Fund may purchase securities on margin to the extent permitted by applicable law. The Fund may not pledge
I-8


Table of Contents
its assets other than to secure such borrowings or, to the extent permitted by the Fund’s investment policies as set forth in its Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information, as they may be amended from time to time, in connection with hedging transactions, short sales, when-issued and forward commitment transactions and similar investment strategies.
(7) Underwrite securities of other issuers, except insofar as the Fund technically may be deemed an underwriter under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”), in selling portfolio securities.
(8) Purchase or sell commodities or contracts on commodities, except to the extent that the Fund may do so in accordance with applicable law and the Fund’s Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information, as they may be amended from time to time, and without registering as a commodity pool operator under the Commodity Exchange Act.
As an additional fundamental restriction, the California Fund may not make any investment inconsistent with its classification as a diversified investment company under the Investment Company Act.
Under the Trusts’ non-fundamental investment restrictions, each Fund may not:
(a) Purchase securities of other investment companies, except to the extent permitted by the Investment Company Act. As a matter of policy, however, the Fund will not purchase shares of any registered open-end investment company or registered unit investment trust, in reliance on Section 12(d)(1)(F) or (G) (the “fund of funds” provisions) of the Investment Company Act, at any time the Fund has knowledge that its shares are purchased by another investment company investor in reliance on the provisions of subparagraph (G) of Section 12(d)(1).
(b) Make short sales of securities or maintain a short position, except to the extent permitted by the Fund’s Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information, as amended from time to time, and applicable law.
Except with respect to restriction (6), if a percentage restriction on the investment or use of assets set forth above is adhered to at the time a transaction is effected, later changes in percentages resulting from changing values will not be considered a violation.
III. Information on Trustees and Officers
The Board consists of ten individuals (each a “Trustee”), eight of whom are not “interested persons” of the Trusts as defined in the Investment Company Act (the “Independent Trustees”). The registered investment companies advised by the Manager or its affiliates (the “BlackRock-advised Funds”) are organized into the BlackRock Multi-Asset Complex, the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex, and the iShares Complex (each, a “BlackRock Fund Complex”). The Funds are included in the BlackRock Fund Complex referred to as the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex. The Trustees also oversee as board members the operations of the other open-end and closed-end registered investment companies included in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex.
The Board has overall responsibility for the oversight of the Trusts and the Funds. The Chair of the Board and the Chief Executive Officer are different people. Not only is the Chair of the Board an Independent Trustee, but also the Chair of each Board committee (each, a “Committee”) is an Independent Trustee. The Board has five standing Committees: an Audit Committee, a Governance and Nominating Committee, a Compliance Committee, a Performance Oversight Committee and an Executive Committee. The role of the Chair of the Board is to preside over all meetings of the Board and to act as a liaison with service providers, officers, attorneys, and other Trustees between meetings. The Chair of each Committee performs a similar role with respect to the Committee. The Chair of the Board or a Committee may also perform such other functions as may be delegated by the Board or the Committee from time to time. The Independent Trustees meet regularly outside the presence of Fund management, in executive sessions or with other service providers to the Funds. The Board has regular meetings five times a year, including a meeting to consider the approval of the Funds’ investment management agreement, and, if necessary, may hold special meetings before its next regular meeting. Each Committee meets regularly to conduct the oversight functions delegated to that Committee by the Board and reports its findings to the Board. The Board and each standing Committee conduct annual assessments of their oversight function and structure. The Board has determined that the Board’s leadership structure is appropriate because it allows the Board to exercise independent judgment over management and to allocate areas of responsibility among Committees and the Board to enhance oversight.
The Board decided to separate the roles of Chief Executive Officer from the Chair because it believes that having an independent Chair:
increases the independent oversight of the Funds and enhances the Board’s objective evaluation of the Chief Executive Officer;
I-9


Table of Contents
allows the Chief Executive Officer to focus on the Funds’ operations instead of Board administration;
provides greater opportunities for direct and independent communication between shareholders and the Board; and
provides an independent spokesman for the Funds.
The Board has engaged the Manager to manage the Funds on a day-to-day basis. The Board is responsible for overseeing the Manager, other service providers, the operations of the Funds and associated risks in accordance with the provisions of the Investment Company Act, state law, other applicable laws, the Funds’ charters, and the Funds’ investment objectives and strategies. The Board reviews, on an ongoing basis, each Fund’s performance, operations, and investment strategies and techniques. The Board also conducts reviews of the Manager and its role in running the operations of the Funds.
Day-to-day risk management with respect to the Funds is the responsibility of the Manager, sub-advisers or other service providers (depending on the nature of the risk), subject to the supervision of the Manager. The Funds are subject to a number of risks, including investment, compliance, operational and valuation risks, among others. While there are a number of risk management functions performed by the Manager, sub-advisers or other service providers, as applicable, it is not possible to eliminate all of the risks applicable to the Funds. Risk oversight is part of the Board’s general oversight of the Funds and is addressed as part of various Board and Committee activities. The Board, directly or through Committees, also reviews reports from, among others, management, the independent registered public accounting firm for the Funds, the Manager, sub-advisers and internal auditors for the Manager or its affiliates, as appropriate, regarding risks faced by the Funds and management’s or the service provider’s risk functions. The Committee system facilitates the timely and efficient consideration of matters by the Trustees and facilitates effective oversight of compliance with legal and regulatory requirements and of each Fund’s activities and associated risks. The Board has approved the appointment of a Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”), who oversees the implementation and testing of the Funds’ compliance program and reports regularly to the Board regarding compliance matters for the Funds and their service providers. The Independent Trustees have engaged independent legal counsel to assist them in performing their oversight responsibilities.
Audit Committee. The Board has a standing Audit Committee composed of Catherine A. Lynch (Chair), Frank J. Fabozzi, Lorenzo A. Flores and J. Phillip Holloman, all of whom are Independent Trustees. The principal responsibilities of the Audit Committee are to assist the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities relating to the accounting and financial reporting policies and practices of the Funds. The Audit Committee’s responsibilities include, without limitation: (i) approving, and recommending to the full Board for approval, the selection, retention, termination and compensation of the Funds’ independent registered public accounting firm (the “Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm”) and evaluating the independence and objectivity of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm; (ii) approving all audit engagement terms and fees for the Funds; (iii) reviewing the conduct and results of each audit; (iv) reviewing any issues raised by the Funds’ Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm or management regarding the accounting or financial reporting policies and practices of the Funds, their internal controls, and, as appropriate, the internal controls of certain service providers and management’s response to any such issues; (v) reviewing and discussing the Funds’ audited and unaudited financial statements and disclosure in the Funds’ shareholder reports relating to the Funds’ performance; (vi) assisting the Board’s responsibilities with respect to the internal controls of the Funds and their service providers with respect to accounting and financial matters; and (vii) resolving any disagreements between the Funds’ management and the Funds’ Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm regarding financial reporting. The Board has adopted a written charter for the Board’s Audit Committee. During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023, the Audit Committee met nine times.
Governance and Nominating Committee. The Board has a standing Governance and Nominating Committee composed of W. Carl Kester (Chair), Cynthia L. Egan, J. Phillip Holloman, R. Glenn Hubbard and Catherine A. Lynch, all of whom are Independent Trustees. The principal responsibilities of the Governance and Nominating Committee are: (i) identifying individuals qualified to serve as Independent Trustees and recommending Board nominees that are not “interested persons” of the Funds (as defined in the Investment Company Act) for election by shareholders or appointment by the Board; (ii) advising the Board with respect to Board composition, procedures and Committees of the Board (other than the Audit Committee); (iii) overseeing periodic self-assessments of the Board and Committees of the Board (other than the Audit Committee); (iv) reviewing and making recommendations in respect to Independent Trustee compensation; (v) monitoring corporate governance matters and making recommendations in respect thereof to the Board; (vi) acting as the administrative committee with respect to Board policies and procedures, committee policies and procedures (other than the Audit Committee) and codes of ethics as they relate to the Independent Trustees; and (vii) reviewing and making recommendations to the Board in respect of Fund share ownership by the
I-10


Table of Contents
Independent Trustees. The Board has adopted a written charter for the Board’s Governance and Nominating Committee. During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023, the Governance and Nominating Committee met six times.
The Governance and Nominating Committee of the Board seeks to identify individuals to serve on the Board who have a diverse range of viewpoints, qualifications, experiences, backgrounds and skill sets so that the Board will be better suited to fulfill its responsibility of overseeing the Funds’ activities. In so doing, the Governance and Nominating Committee reviews the size of the Board, the ages of the current Trustees and their tenure on the Board, and the skills, background and experiences of the Trustees in light of the issues facing the Funds in determining whether one or more new trustees should be added to the Board. The Board as a group strives to achieve diversity in terms of gender, race and geographic location. The Governance and Nominating Committee believes that the Trustees as a group possess the array of skills, experiences and backgrounds necessary to guide the Funds. The Trustees’ biographies included herein highlight the diversity and breadth of skills, qualifications and expertise that the Trustees bring to the Funds.
The Governance and Nominating Committee may consider nominations for Trustees made by the Funds’ shareholders as it deems appropriate. Under the Trusts’s Bylaws, shareholders must follow certain procedures to nominate a person for election as a Trustee at a shareholder meeting at which Trustees are to be elected. Under these advance notice procedures, shareholders must submit the proposed nominee by delivering a notice to the Secretary of the Funds at its principal executive offices no later than the close of business on the fifth (5th) day following the day on which notice of the date of the meeting was mailed or public disclosure of the date of the meeting was made, whichever first occurs.
The Trusts’s Bylaws provide that notice of a proposed nomination must include certain information about the shareholder and the nominee, as well as certain other information, including a written consent of the proposed nominee to serve if elected. Reference is made to the Trusts’s Bylaws for more details.
Compliance Committee. The Board has a Compliance Committee composed of Cynthia L. Egan (Chair), Stayce D. Harris, R. Glenn Hubbard and W. Carl Kester, all of whom are Independent Trustees. The Compliance Committee’s purpose is to assist the Board in fulfilling its responsibility with respect to the oversight of regulatory and fiduciary compliance matters involving each Fund, the fund-related activities of BlackRock, and any sub-advisor and each Fund’s other third party service providers. The Compliance Committee’s responsibilities include, without limitation: (i) overseeing the compliance policies and procedures of each Fund and its service providers and recommending changes or additions to such policies and procedures; (ii) reviewing information on and, where appropriate, recommending policies concerning each Fund’s compliance with applicable law; (iii) reviewing information on any significant correspondence with or other actions by regulators or governmental agencies with respect to the Funds and any employee complaints or published reports that raise concerns regarding compliance matters; and (iv) reviewing reports from, overseeing the annual performance review of, and making certain recommendations in respect of, each Fund’s CCO, including, without limitation, determining the amount and structure of the CCO’s compensation. The Board has adopted a written charter for the Board’s Compliance Committee. During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023, the Compliance Committee met four times.
Performance Oversight Committee. The Board has a Performance Oversight Committee composed of Frank J. Fabozzi (Chair), Cynthia L. Egan, Lorenzo A. Flores, Stayce D. Harris, J. Phillip Holloman, R. Glenn Hubbard, W. Carl Kester and Catherine A. Lynch, all of whom are Independent Trustees. The Performance Oversight Committee’s purpose is to assist the Board in fulfilling its responsibility to oversee the Funds’ investment performance relative to the Funds’ investment objective, policies and practices. The Performance Oversight Committee’s responsibilities include, without limitation: (i) reviewing the Funds’ investment objective, policies and practices; (ii) recommending to the Board any required action in respect of changes in fundamental and non-fundamental investment restrictions; (iii) reviewing information on appropriate benchmarks and competitive universes; (iv) reviewing the Funds’ investment performance relative to such benchmarks; (v) reviewing information on unusual or exceptional investment matters; (vi) reviewing whether the Funds has complied with its investment policies and restrictions; and (vii) overseeing policies, procedures and controls regarding valuation of the Funds’ investments. The Board has adopted a written charter for the Board’s Performance Oversight Committee. During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023, the Performance Oversight Committee met three times.
Executive Committee. The Board has an Executive Committee composed of R. Glenn Hubbard (Chair) and W. Carl Kester, both of whom are Independent Trustees, and John M. Perlowski, who serves as an interested Trustee. The principal responsibilities of the Executive Committee include, without limitation: (i) acting on routine matters between meetings of the Board; (ii) acting on such matters as may require urgent action between meetings of the Board; and (iii) exercising such other authority as may from time to time be delegated to the Executive Committee by the Board.
I-11


Table of Contents
The Board has adopted a written charter for the Board’s Executive Committee. During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023, the Executive Committee did not meet.
The Independent Trustees have adopted a statement of policy that describes the experiences, qualifications, skills and attributes that are necessary and desirable for potential Independent Trustee candidates (the “Statement of Policy”). The Board believes that each Independent Trustee satisfied, at the time he or she was initially elected or appointed a Trustee, and continues to satisfy, the standards contemplated by the Statement of Policy as well as the standards set forth in each Fund’s Bylaws. Furthermore, in determining that a particular Trustee was and continues to be qualified to serve as a Trustee, the Board has considered a variety of criteria, none of which, in isolation, was controlling. The Board believes that, collectively, the Trustees have balanced and diverse experiences, skills, attributes and qualifications, which allow the Board to operate effectively in governing the Funds and protecting the interests of shareholders. Among the attributes common to all Trustees is their ability to review critically, evaluate, question and discuss information provided to them, to interact effectively with the Manager, sub-advisers, other service providers, counsel and independent auditors, and to exercise effective business judgment in the performance of their duties as Trustees. Each Trustee’s ability to perform his or her duties effectively is evidenced by his or her educational background or professional training; business, consulting, public service or academic positions; experience from service as a board member of the Trusts or the other funds in the BlackRock Fund Complexes (and any predecessor funds), other investment funds, public companies, or not-for-profit entities or other organizations; ongoing commitment and participation in Board and Committee meetings, as well as his or her leadership of standing and other committees throughout the years; or other relevant life experiences.
The table below discusses some of the experiences, qualifications and skills of each Trustee that support the conclusion that he or she should serve on the Board.
The table below discusses some of the experiences, qualifications and skills of each of the Trustees that support the conclusion that each board member should serve (or continue to serve) on the Board.
Trustees   Experience, Qualifications and Skills
Independent Trustees    
R. Glenn Hubbard   R. Glenn Hubbard has served in numerous roles in the field of economics, including as the Chairman of the U.S. Council of Economic Advisers of the President of the United States. Dr. Hubbard has served as the Dean of Columbia Business School, as a member of the Columbia Faculty and as a Visiting Professor at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, the Harvard Business School and the University of Chicago. Dr. Hubbard’s experience as an adviser to the President of the United States adds a dimension of balance to the Funds’ governance and provides perspective on economic issues. Dr. Hubbard’s service on the boards of ADP and Metropolitan Life Insurance Company provides the Board with the benefit of his experience with the management practices of other financial companies. Dr. Hubbard’s long-standing service on the boards of directors/trustees of the closed-end funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex also provides him with a specific understanding of the Funds, their operations, and the business and regulatory issues facing the Funds. Dr. Hubbard’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances his service as Chair of the Board, Chair of the Executive Committee and a member of the Governance and Nominating Committee, the Compliance Committee and the Performance Oversight Committee.
I-12


Table of Contents
Trustees   Experience, Qualifications and Skills
W. Carl Kester   The Board benefits from W. Carl Kester’s experiences as a professor and author in finance, and his experience as the George Fisher Baker Jr. Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School and as Deputy Dean of Academic Affairs at Harvard Business School from 2006 through 2010 adds to the Board a wealth of expertise in corporate finance and corporate governance. Dr. Kester has authored and edited numerous books and research papers on both subject matters, including co-editing a leading volume of finance case studies used worldwide. Dr. Kester’s long-standing service on the boards of directors/trustees of the closed-end funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex also provides him with a specific understanding of the Funds, their operations, and the business and regulatory issues facing the Funds. Dr. Kester’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances his service as Vice Chair of the Board, Chair of the Governance and Nominating Committee and a member of the Executive Committee, the Compliance Committee and the Performance Oversight Committee.
Cynthia L. Egan   Cynthia L. Egan brings to the Board a broad and diverse knowledge of investment companies and the retirement industry as a result of her many years of experience as President, Retirement Plan Services, for T. Rowe Price Group, Inc. and her various senior operating officer positions at Fidelity Investments, including her service as Executive Vice President of FMR Co., President of Fidelity Institutional Services Company and President of the Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund. Ms. Egan has also served as an advisor to the U.S. Department of Treasury as an expert in domestic retirement security. Ms. Egan began her professional career at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Ms. Egan is also a director of UNUM Corporation, a publicly traded insurance company providing personal risk reinsurance, and a director and Chair of the Board of The Hanover Group, a public property casualty insurance company. Ms. Egan is also the lead independent director and non-executive Vice Chair of the Board of Huntsman Corporation, a publicly traded manufacturer and marketer of chemical products. Ms. Egan’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances her service as Chair of the Compliance Committee, and a member of the Governance and Nominating Committee and the Performance Oversight Committee.
Frank J. Fabozzi   Frank J. Fabozzi has served for over 25 years on the boards of registered investment companies. Dr. Fabozzi holds the designations of Chartered Financial Analyst and Certified Public Accountant. Dr. Fabozzi was inducted into the Fixed Income Analysts Society’s Hall of Fame and is the 2007 recipient of the C. Stewart Sheppard Award and the 2015 recipient of the James R. Vertin Award, both given by the CFA Institute. The Board benefits from Dr. Fabozzi’s experiences as a professor and author in the field of finance. Dr. Fabozzi’s experience as a professor at various institutions, including EDHEC Business School, Yale, MIT, and Princeton, as well as Dr. Fabozzi’s experience as a Professor in the Practice of Finance and Becton Fellow at the Yale University School of Management and as editor of the Journal of Portfolio Management demonstrates his wealth of expertise in the investment management and structured finance areas. Dr. Fabozzi has authored and edited numerous books and research papers on topics in investment management and financial econometrics, and his writings have focused on fixed income securities and portfolio management, many of which are considered standard references in the investment management industry. Dr. Fabozzi’s long-standing service on the boards of directors/trustees of the closed-end funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex also provides him with a specific understanding of the Funds, their operations and the business and regulatory issues facing the Funds. Moreover, Dr. Fabozzi’s knowledge of financial and accounting matters qualifies him to serve as a member of the Audit Committee. Dr. Fabozzi’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances his service as Chair of the Performance Oversight Committee.
I-13


Table of Contents
Trustees   Experience, Qualifications and Skills
Lorenzo A. Flores   The Board benefits from Lorenzo A. Flores’s many years of business, leadership and financial experience in his roles at various public and private companies. In particular, Mr. Flores’s service as Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Controller of Xilinx, Inc., a technology and semiconductor company that supplies programmable logic devices, and Vice Chairman of Kioxia, Inc., a manufacturer and supplier of flash memory and solid state drives, and his long experience in the technology industry allow him to provide insight to into financial, business and technology trends. Mr. Flores’s knowledge of financial and accounting matters qualifies him to serve as a member of the Audit Committee. Mr. Flores’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances his service as a member of the Performance Oversight Committee.
Stayce D. Harris   The Board benefits from Stayce D. Harris’s leadership and governance experience gained during her extensive military career, including as a three-star Lieutenant General of the United States Air Force. In her most recent role, Ms. Harris reported to the Secretary and Chief of Staff of the Air Force on matters concerning Air Force effectiveness, efficiency and the military discipline of active duty, Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard forces. Ms. Harris’s experience on governance matters includes oversight of inspection policy and the inspection and evaluation system for all Air Force nuclear and conventional forces; oversight of Air Force counterintelligence operations and service on the Air Force Intelligence Oversight Panel; investigation of fraud, waste and abuse; and oversight of criminal investigations and complaints resolution programs. Ms. Harris is also a director of The Boeing Company. Ms. Harris’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances her service as a member of the Compliance Committee and the Performance Oversight Committee.
J. Phillip Holloman   The Board benefits from J. Phillip Holloman’s many years of business and leadership experience as an executive, director and advisory board member of various public and private companies. In particular, Mr. Holloman’s service as President and Chief Operating Officer of Cintas Corporation and director of PulteGroup, Inc. and Rockwell Automation Inc. allows him to provide insight into business trends and conditions. Mr. Holloman’s knowledge of financial and accounting matters qualifies him to serve as a member of the Audit Committee. Mr. Holloman’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances his service as a member of the Governance and Nominating Committee and the Performance Oversight Committee.
Catherine A. Lynch   Catherine A. Lynch, who served as the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer of the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust, benefits the Board by providing business leadership and experience and a diverse knowledge of pensions and endowments. Ms. Lynch is also a trustee of PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust, a specialty finance company that invests primarily in mortgage-related assets. Ms. Lynch also holds the designation of Chartered Financial Analyst. Ms. Lynch’s knowledge of financial and accounting matters qualifies her to serve as Chair of the Audit Committee. Ms. Lynch’s independence from the Funds and the Manager enhances her service as a member of the Governance and Nominating Committee and the Performance Oversight Committee.
Interested Trustees    
Robert Fairbairn   Robert Fairbairn has more than 25 years of experience with BlackRock, Inc. and over 30 years of experience in finance and asset management. In particular, Mr. Fairbairn’s positions as Vice Chairman of BlackRock, Inc., Member of BlackRock’s Global Executive and Global Operating Committees and Co-Chair of BlackRock’s Human Capital Committee provide the Board with a wealth of practical business knowledge and leadership. In addition, Mr. Fairbairn has global investment management and oversight experience through his former positions as Global Head of BlackRock’s Retail and iShares® businesses, Head of BlackRock’s Global Client Group, Chairman of BlackRock’s international businesses and his previous oversight over BlackRock’s Strategic Partner Program and Strategic Product Management Group. Mr. Fairbairn also serves as a board member for the funds in the BlackRock Multi-Asset Complex.
I-14


Table of Contents
Trustees   Experience, Qualifications and Skills
John M. Perlowski   John M. Perlowski’s experience as Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2009, as the Head of BlackRock Global Accounting and Product Services since 2009, and as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Funds provides him with a strong understanding of the Funds, their operations, and the business and regulatory issues facing the Funds. Mr. Perlowski’s prior position as Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer of the Global Product Group at Goldman Sachs Asset Management, and his former service as Treasurer and Senior Vice President of the Goldman Sachs Mutual Funds and as Director of the Goldman Sachs Offshore Funds provides the Boards with the benefit of his experience with the management practices of other financial companies. Mr. Perlowski also serves as a board member for the funds in the BlackRock Multi-Asset Complex. Mr. Perlowski’s experience with BlackRock enhances his service as a member of the Executive Committee.
  
I-15


Table of Contents
Biographical Information
Certain biographical and other information relating to the Trustees is set forth below, including their address and year of birth, principal occupations for at least the last five years, length of time served, total number of registered investment companies and investment portfolios overseen in the BlackRock-advised Funds and any currently held public company and other investment company directorships.
Name
and Year of Birth1,2
  Position(s)
Held
(Length of Service)3
  Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years
  Number of
BlackRock-
Advised
Registered
Investment
Companies
(“RICs”)
Consisting of
Investment
Portfolios
(“Portfolios”)
Overseen
  Public
Company
and Other
Investment
Company
Directorships
Held During
Past Five Years
Independent Trustees                
R. Glenn Hubbard
1958
  Trustee
(Since 2019)
  Dean, Columbia Business School from 2004 to 2019; Faculty member, Columbia Business School since 1988.   70 RICs consisting of 104 Portfolios   ADP (data and information services) from 2004 to 2020; Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (insurance); TotalEnergies SE (multi-energy)
W. Carl Kester4
1951
  Trustee
(Since 2019)
  Baker Foundation Professor and George Fisher Baker Jr. Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus, Harvard Business School since 2022; George Fisher Baker Jr. Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School from 2008 to 2022; Deputy Dean for Academic Affairs from 2006 to 2010; Chairman of the Finance Unit, from 2005 to 2006; Senior Associate Dean and Chairman of the MBA Program from 1999 to 2005; Member of the faculty of Harvard Business School since 1981.   72 RICs consisting of 106 Portfolios   None
Cynthia L. Egan
1955
  Trustee
(Since 2019)
  Advisor, U.S. Department of the Treasury from 2014 to 2015; President, Retirement Plan Services, for T. Rowe Price Group, Inc. from 2007 to 2012; executive positions within Fidelity Investments from 1989 to 2007.   70 RICs consisting of 104 Portfolios   Unum (insurance); The Hanover Insurance Group (Board Chair); Huntsman Corporation (Lead Independent Director and non-Executive Vice Chair of the Board) (chemical products)
Frank J. Fabozzi4
1948
  Trustee
(Since 2019)
  Editor of The Journal of Portfolio Management since 1986; Professor of Finance, EDHEC Business School (France) from 2011 to 2022; Professor of Practice, Johns Hopkins University since 2021; Professor in the Practice of Finance, Yale University School of Management from 1994 to 2011 and currently a Teaching Fellow in Yale’s Executive Programs; Visiting Professor, Rutgers University for the Spring 2019 semester; Visiting Professor, New York University for the 2019 academic year; Adjunct Professor of Finance, Carnegie Mellon University in fall 2020 semester.   72 RICs consisting of 106 Portfolios   None
Lorenzo A. Flores
1964
  Trustee
(Since 2021)
  Vice Chairman, Kioxia, Inc. since 2019; Chief Financial Officer, Xilinx, Inc. from 2016 to 2019; Corporate Controller, Xilinx, Inc. from 2008 to 2016.   70 RICs consisting of 104 Portfolios   None
I-16


Table of Contents
Name
and Year of Birth1,2
  Position(s)
Held
(Length of Service)3
  Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years
  Number of
BlackRock-
Advised
Registered
Investment
Companies
(“RICs”)
Consisting of
Investment
Portfolios
(“Portfolios”)
Overseen
  Public
Company
and Other
Investment
Company
Directorships
Held During
Past Five Years
Stayce D. Harris
1959
  Trustee
(Since 2021)
  Lieutenant General, Inspector General of the United States Air Force from 2017 to 2019; Lieutenant General, Assistant Vice Chief of Staff and Director, Air Staff, United States Air Force from 2016 to 2017; Major General, Commander, 22nd Air Force, AFRC, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia from 2014 to 2016; Pilot, United Airlines from 1990 to 2020.   70 RICs consisting of 104 Portfolios   KULR Technology Group, Inc. in 2021; The Boeing Company (airplane manufacturer)
J. Phillip Holloman
1955
  Trustee
(Since 2021)
  President and Chief Operating Officer, Cintas Corporation from 2008 to 2018.   70 RICs consisting of 104 Portfolios   PulteGroup, Inc. (home construction); Rockwell Automation Inc. (industrial automation)
Catherine A. Lynch4
1961
  Trustee
(Since 2019)
  Chief Executive Officer, Chief Investment Officer and various other positions, National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust from 2003 to 2016; Associate Vice President for Treasury Management, The George Washington University from 1999 to 2003; Assistant Treasurer, Episcopal Church of America from 1995 to 1999.   72 RICs consisting of 106 Portfolios   PennyMac Mortgage Investment Trust
Interested Trustees5                
Robert Fairbairn
1965
  Trustee
(Since 2015)
  Vice Chairman of BlackRock, Inc. since 2019; Member of BlackRock’s Global Executive and Global Operating Committees; Co-Chair of BlackRock’s Human Capital Committee; Senior Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. from 2010 to 2019; oversaw BlackRock’s Strategic Partner Program and Strategic Product Management Group from 2012 to 2019; Member of the Board of Managers of BlackRock Investments, LLC from 2011 to 2018; Global Head of BlackRock’s Retail and iShares® businesses from 2012 to 2016.   98 RICs consisting of 271 Portfolios   None
John M. Perlowski4
1964
  Trustee and President
(Since 2015)
and Chief Executive Officer
(Since 2010)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2009; Head of BlackRock Global Accounting and Product Services since 2009; Advisory Director of Family Resource Network (charitable foundation) since 2009.   100 RICs consisting of 273 Portfolios   None
  

1 The address of each Trustee is c/o BlackRock, Inc., 50 Hudson Yards, New York, New York 10001.
2 Each Independent Trustee holds office until his or her successor is duly elected and qualifies or until his or her earlier death, resignation, retirement or removal as provided by each Trust’s by-laws or charter or statute, or until December 31 of the year in which he or she turns 75. Trustees who are “interested persons,” as defined in the Investment Company Act, serve until their successor is duly elected and qualifies or until their earlier death, resignation, retirement or removal as provided by the Trusts’ by-laws or statute, or until December 31 of the year in which they turn 72. The Board may determine to extend the terms of Independent Trustees on a case-by-case basis, as appropriate.
3 Following the combination of Merrill Lynch Investment Managers, L.P. (“MLIM”) and BlackRock, Inc. in September 2006, the various legacy MLIM and legacy BlackRock fund boards were realigned and consolidated into three new fund boards in 2007. Certain Independent Trustees first became members of the boards of other legacy MLIM or legacy BlackRock funds as follows: Frank J. Fabozzi, 1988; R. Glenn Hubbard, 2004 and W. Carl Kester, 1995. Certain other Independent Trustees became members of the boards of the closed-end funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex as follows: Cynthia L. Egan, 2016; and Catherine A. Lynch, 2016.
4 Dr. Fabozzi, Dr. Kester, Ms. Lynch and Mr. Perlowski are also trustees of the BlackRock Credit Strategies Fund and BlackRock Private Investments Fund.
5 Mr. Fairbairn and Mr. Perlowski are both “interested persons,” as defined in the Investment Company Act, of each Trust based on their positions with BlackRock, Inc. and its affiliates. Mr. Fairbairn and Mr. Perlowski are also board members of the BlackRock Multi-Asset Complex.
I-17


Table of Contents
Certain biographical and other information relating to the officers of the Trusts who are not Trustees is set forth below, including their address and year of birth, principal occupations for at least the last five years and length of time served.
Name
and Year of Birth1,2
  Position(s) Held
(Length of Service)
  Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years
Officers Who Are Not Trustees        
Jennifer McGovern
1977
  Vice President
(Since 2014)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2016; Director of BlackRock, Inc. from 2011 to 2015; Head of Americas Product Development and Governance for BlackRock’s Global Product Group since 2019; Head of Product Structure and Oversight for BlackRock’s U.S. Wealth Advisory Group from 2013 to 2019.
Trent Walker
1974
  Chief
Financial
Officer
(Since 2021)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since September 2019; Executive Vice President of PIMCO from 2016 to 2019; Senior Vice President of PIMCO from 2008 to 2015; Treasurer from 2013 to 2019 and Assistant Treasurer from 2007 to 2017 of PIMCO Funds, PIMCO Variable Insurance Trust, PIMCO ETF Trust, PIMCO Equity Series, PIMCO Equity Series VIT, PIMCO Managed Accounts Trust, 2 PIMCO-sponsored interval funds and 21 PIMCO-sponsored closed-end funds.
Jay M. Fife
1970
  Treasurer
(Since 2007)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2007.
Aaron Wasserman
1974
  Chief Compliance Officer
(Since 2023)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2018; Chief Compliance Officer of the BlackRock-advised funds in the BlackRock Multi-Asset Complex, the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex and the iShares Complex since 2023; Deputy Chief Compliance Officer for the BlackRock-advised funds in the BlackRock Multi-Asset Complex, the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex and the iShares Complex from 2014 to 2023.
Lisa Belle
1968
  Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Officer
(Since 2019)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2019; Global Financial Crime Head for Asset and Wealth Management of JP Morgan from 2013 to 2019; Managing Director of RBS Securities from 2012 to 2013; Head of Financial Crimes for Barclays Wealth Americas from 2010 to 2012.
Janey Ahn
1975
  Secretary
(Since 2019)
  Managing Director of BlackRock, Inc. since 2018; Director of BlackRock, Inc. from 2009 to 2017.
  

1 The address of each Officer is c/o BlackRock, Inc., 50 Hudson Yards, New York, New York 10001.
2 Officers of the Trusts serve at the pleasure of the Board.
I-18


Table of Contents
Share Ownership
Information relating to each Trustee’s share ownership in the Funds and in all BlackRock-advised Funds that are currently overseen by the respective Trustees (“Supervised Funds”) as of December 31, 2022 is set forth in the chart below. Amounts shown may include shares as to which a Trustee has indirect beneficial ownership, such as through participation in certain family accounts, 529 college savings plan interests, or similar arrangements where the Trustee has beneficial economic interest but not a direct ownership interest.
Name of Trustee   Dollar
Range of Equity
Securities in the
California Fund
  Dollar
Range of Equity
Securities in the
New Jersey Fund
  Dollar
Range of Equity
Securities in the
Pennsylvania Fund
  Aggregate Dollar
Range of Equity
Securities in
Supervised Funds*
Independent Trustees:                
Cynthia L. Egan

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
Frank J. Fabozzi

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
Lorenzo A. Flores

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
Stayce D. Harris

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
J. Phillip Holloman

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
R. Glenn Hubbard

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
W. Carl Kester

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
Catherine A. Lynch

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
                 
Interested Trustees:                
Robert Fairbairn

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
John M. Perlowski

  None   None   None   Over $100,000
  

* Includes share equivalents owned under the deferred compensation plan in the Supervised Funds by certain Independent Trustees who have participated in the deferred compensation plan of the Supervised Funds.
As of September 5, 2023, the Trustees and officers of the Trusts as a group directly or indirectly beneficially owned an aggregate of less than 1% of any class of the outstanding shares of the Funds. As of December 31, 2022, none of the Independent Trustees of the Trusts or their immediate family members owned beneficially or of record any securities of the Funds’ investment adviser, principal underwriter, or any person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with such entities.
Compensation of Trustees
Each Trustee who is an Independent Trustee is paid an annual retainer of $370,000 per year for his or her services as a Board member of the BlackRock-advised Funds, including the Funds, and each Independent Trustee may also receive a $10,000 Board meeting fee for special unscheduled meetings or meetings in excess of six Board meetings held in a calendar year, together with out-of-pocket expenses in accordance with a Board policy on travel and other business expenses relating to attendance at meetings. In addition, the Chair of the Board and the Vice Chair of the Board are paid an additional annual retainer of $100,000 and $60,000, respectively. The Chairs of the Audit Committee, Performance Oversight Committee, Compliance Committee, and Governance and Nominating Committee are paid an additional annual retainer of $45,000, $37,500, $45,000 and $37,500, respectively. Each of the members of the Audit Committee, Compliance Committee, and Governance and Nominating Committee are paid an additional annual retainer of $30,000, $25,000 and $25,000, respectively, for his or her service on such committee. The Fund will pay a pro rata portion quarterly (based on relative net assets) of the foregoing Trustee fees paid by the funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex.
The Independent Trustees have agreed that a maximum of 50% of each Independent Trustee’s total compensation paid by funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex may be deferred pursuant to the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex’s deferred compensation plan. Under the deferred compensation plan, deferred amounts earn a return for the Independent Trustees as though equivalent dollar amounts had been invested in shares of certain funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex selected by the Independent Trustees. This has approximately the same economic effect for the Independent Trustees as if they had invested the deferred amounts in such funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex. The deferred compensation plan is not funded and obligations thereunder represent general unsecured claims against the general assets of a fund and are recorded as a liability for accounting purposes.
I-19


Table of Contents
The following table sets forth the compensation paid to the Trustees by the Trusts, on behalf of the Funds for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023, and the aggregate compensation paid to them by all BlackRock-advised Funds for the calendar year ended December 31, 2022.
Name1   Aggregate
Compensation
from the
California Fund
  Aggregate
Compensation
from the
New Jersey Fund
  Aggregate
Compensation
from the
Pennsylvania Fund
  Estimated Annual
Benefits Upon
Retirement
  Aggregate
Compensation from
the Funds and
Other BlackRock-
Supervised Funds2,3
Independent Trustees:                    
Cynthia L. Egan

  $4,063   $640   $820   None   $465,000
Frank J. Fabozzi

  $3,808   $610   $778   None   $497,500
Lorenzo A. Flores

  $3,484   $572   $725   None   $400,000
Stayce D. Harris

  $3,441   $567   $718   None   $395,000
J. Phillip Holloman4

  $3,708   $599   $762   None   $415,453
R. Glenn Hubbard

  $4,539   $696   $898   None   $520,000
W. Carl Kester

  $4,560   $699   $902   None   $587,500
Catherine A. Lynch5

  $4,097   $644   $825   None   $520,453
Karen P. Robards6

  $323   $50   $68   None   $212,500
Interested Trustees:                    
Robert Fairbairn

  None   None   None   None   None
John M. Perlowski

  None   None   None   None   None
  

1 For the number of BlackRock-advised Funds from which each Trustee receives compensation see the Biographical Information beginning on page 1-16.
2 For the Independent Trustees, this amount represents the aggregate compensation earned from the funds in the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex during the calendar year ended December 31, 2022. Of this amount, Dr. Fabozzi, Mr. Flores, Ms. Harris, Mr. Holloman, Dr. Hubbard, Dr. Kester and Ms. Lynch deferred $74,625, $200,000, $197,500, $207,726, $260,000, $88,125 and $78,067, respectively, pursuant to the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex’s deferred compensation plan.
3 Total amount of deferred compensation payable by the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex to Dr. Fabozzi, Mr. Flores, Ms. Harris, Mr. Holloman, Dr. Hubbard, Dr. Kester and Ms. Lynch is $1,172,873, $239,580, $238,473, $249,920, $3,546,573, $1,645,645 and $425,559, respectively, as of December 31, 2022. Ms. Egan did not participate in the deferred compensation plan as of December 31, 2022.
4 Mr. Holloman was appointed as a member of the Governance and Nominating Committee effective May 20, 2022.
5 Ms. Lynch was appointed as a member of the Governance and Nominating Committee effective May 20, 2022.
6 Ms. Robards retired and resigned as a Trustee of the Trusts effective May 31, 2022.
IV. Management, Advisory and Other Service Arrangements
The Trusts, on behalf of the Funds, have entered into investment management agreements with the Manager (the “Management Agreements”), pursuant to which the Manager receives for its services to each Fund a fee based on each Fund’s average daily net assets.
The Manager has contractually agreed to waive the management fee with respect to any portion of each Fund’s assets estimated to be attributable to investments in other equity and fixed-income mutual funds and exchange-traded funds managed by the Manager or its affiliates that have a contractual management fee, through June 30, 2025. Effective September 28, 2020, BlackRock has contractually agreed to waive its management fees by the amount of investment advisory fees each Fund pays to BlackRock indirectly through its investment in money market funds managed by BlackRock or its affiliates, through June 30, 2025. Prior to September 28, 2020, such agreement to waive a portion of each Fund’s management fee in connection with each Fund’s investment in affiliated money market funds was voluntary. The contractual agreements may be terminated upon 90 days’ notice by a majority of the Independent Trustees or by a vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of such Fund.
With respect to each Fund, the Manager has contractually agreed to waive and/or reimburse fees or expenses in order to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waivers and/or Expense Reimbursements (excluding Interest Expense, Dividend Expense, Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses and other Fund expenses (as defined in the Funds’ prospectuses)) as a percentage of average daily net assets to the amounts noted in the table below through June 30, 2025. The contractual agreement may be terminated with respect to a Fund upon 90 days’ notice by a majority of the Independent Trustees or by a vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of such Fund.
I-20


Table of Contents
  Contractual Caps on Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (excluding Interest Expense, Dividend Expense, Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses and certain other Fund expenses)  
California Fund

   
Investor A Shares

0.69%  
Investor C Shares

1.44%  
Institutional Shares

0.44%  
Class K Shares

0.39%  
Investor A1 Shares

0.54%  
New Jersey Fund

   
Investor A Shares

0.77%  
Investor C Shares

1.52%  
Institutional Shares

0.52%  
Class K Shares

0.47%  
Investor A1 Shares

0.62%  
Service Shares

0.77%  
Pennsylvania Fund

   
Investor A Shares

0.79%  
Investor C Shares

1.54%  
Institutional Shares

0.54%  
Class K Shares

0.49%  
Investor A1 Shares

0.64%  
Service Shares

0.79%  
  
Pursuant to the Management Agreements, the Manager may from time to time, in its sole discretion to the extent permitted by applicable law, appoint one or more sub-advisers, including, without limitation, affiliates of the Manager, to perform investment advisory services with respect to the Funds. In addition, the Manager may delegate certain of its investment advisory functions under the Management Agreements to one or more of its affiliates to the extent permitted by applicable law. The Manager may terminate any or all sub-advisers or such delegation arrangements in its sole discretion at any time to the extent permitted by applicable law.
Set forth below are the total management fees paid by the Funds to the Manager, and the amounts waived and/or reimbursed by the Manager, for the periods indicated:
California Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Paid to the
Manager
  Waived by
the Manager
  Reimbursements by
the Manager
2023

  $9,700,524   $639,680   $155,858
2022

  $12,138,029   $178,258   $159,959
2021

  $11,665,963   $327,608   $68,570
  
New Jersey Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Paid to the
Manager
  Waived by
the Manager
  Reimbursements by
the Manager
2023

  $1,633,540   $474,422   $84,646
2022

  $2,052,860   $539,266   $107,031
2021

  $1,970,400   $466,347   $101,126
  
Pennsylvania Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Paid to the
Manager
  Waived by
the Manager
  Reimbursements by
the Manager
2023

  $2,196,993   $474,717   $275,490
2022

  $3,091,380   $559,789   $372,444
2021

  $2,983,361   $494,810   $364,671
  
I-21


Table of Contents
Information Regarding the Portfolio Managers
Each Fund is managed by a team of financial professionals.
Walter O’Connor, CFA, Peter Hayes, Michael Kalinoski, CFA, Kevin Maloney, CFA and Ryan McDonald, CFA are the co-portfolio managers of the California Fund and are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund.
Phillip Soccio, CFA, Kristi Manidis, and Christian Romaglino, CFA are the co-portfolio managers of the New Jersey Fund and are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund.
Phillip Soccio, CFA, Walter O’Connor, CFA, Kristi Manidis, and Christian Romaglino, CFA are the co-portfolio managers of the Pennsylvania Fund and are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund.
Other Funds and Accounts Managed
The following table sets forth information about funds and accounts other than the Funds for which each Fund’s portfolio managers are primarily responsible for the day-to-day portfolio management as of the Funds’ fiscal year ended May 31, 2023.
California Fund
  Number of Other Accounts Managed
and Assets by Account Type
Number of Other Accounts and Assets
for Which Advisory Fee is Performance-Based
Name of Portfolio Manager Other
Registered
Investment
Companies
Other Pooled
Investment
Vehicles
Other
Accounts
Other
Registered
Investment
Companies
Other Pooled
Investment
Vehicles
Other
Accounts
Peter Hayes 3 0 0 0 0 0
  $7.50 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Michael Kalinoski, CFA 34 0 0 0 0 0
  $33.91 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Kevin Maloney, CFA 36 0 0 0 0 0
  $36.13 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Ryan McDonald, CFA 5 0 0 0 0 0
  $8.51 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Walter O’Connor, CFA 33 0 0 0 0 0
  $29.94 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
  
New Jersey Fund
  Number of Other Accounts Managed
and Assets by Account Type
Number of Other Accounts and Assets
for Which Advisory Fee is Performance-Based
Name of Portfolio Manager Other
Registered
Investment
Companies
Other Pooled
Investment
Vehicles
Other
Accounts
Other
Registered
Investment
Companies
Other Pooled
Investment
Vehicles
Other
Accounts
Kristi Manidis 37 0 2 0 0 0
  $23.64 Billion $0 $1.05 Billion $0 $0 $0
Christian Romaglino, CFA 33 0 0 0 0 0
  $17.13 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Phillip Soccio, CFA 34 0 0 0 0 0
  $31.68 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
  
I-22


Table of Contents
Pennsylvania Fund
  Number of Other Accounts Managed
and Assets by Account Type
Number of Other Accounts and Assets
for Which Advisory Fee is Performance-Based
Name of Portfolio Manager Other
Registered
Investment
Companies
Other Pooled
Investment
Vehicles
Other
Accounts
Other
Registered
Investment
Companies
Other Pooled
Investment
Vehicles
Other
Accounts
Kristi Manidis 37 0 2 0 0 0
  $23.56 Billion $0 $1.05 Billion $0 $0 $0
Walter O’Connor, CFA 33 0 0 0 0 0
  $32.09 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Christian Romaglino, CFA 33 0 0 0 0 0
  $17.05 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Phillip Soccio, CFA 34 0 0 0 0 0
  $31.59 Billion $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
  
Portfolio Manager Compensation Overview
The discussion below describes the portfolio managers’ compensation as of May 31, 2023.
BlackRock’s financial arrangements with its portfolio managers, its competitive compensation and its career path emphasis at all levels reflect the value senior management places on key resources. Compensation may include a variety of components and may vary from year to year based on a number of factors. The principal components of compensation include a base salary, a performance-based discretionary bonus, participation in various benefits programs and one or more of the incentive compensation programs established by BlackRock.
Base Compensation. Generally, portfolio managers receive base compensation based on their position with the firm.
Discretionary Incentive Compensation
Discretionary incentive compensation is a function of several components: the performance of BlackRock, Inc., the performance of the portfolio manager’s group within BlackRock, the investment performance, including risk-adjusted returns, of the firm’s assets under management or supervision by that portfolio manager relative to predetermined benchmarks, and the individual’s performance and contribution to the overall performance of these portfolios and BlackRock. In most cases, these benchmarks are the same as the benchmark or benchmarks against which the performance of the Funds or other accounts managed by the portfolio managers are measured. Among other things, BlackRock’s Chief Investment Officers make a subjective determination with respect to each portfolio manager’s compensation based on the performance of the Funds and other accounts managed by each portfolio manager relative to the various benchmarks. Performance of fixed-income funds is measured on a pre-tax and/or after-tax basis over various time periods including 1-, 3- and 5-year periods, as applicable. With respect to these portfolio managers, such benchmarks for the Funds and other accounts are:
Portfolio Manager   Portfolio Managed   Benchmark
Walter O’Connor, CFA   California Fund
Pennsylvania Fund
  A combination of market-based indices (e.g., Bloomberg Municipal Bond Index), certain customized indices and certain fund industry peer groups.
Phillip Soccio, CFA
Christian Romaglino, CFA
Kristi Manidis
  New Jersey Fund
Pennsylvania Fund
  A combination of market-based indices (e.g., Bloomberg Municipal Bond Index), certain customized indices and certain fund industry peer groups.
I-23


Table of Contents
Portfolio Manager   Portfolio Managed   Benchmark
Peter Hayes   California Fund   A combination of market-based indices (e.g., Bloomberg Municipal Bond Index), certain customized indices and certain fund industry peer groups. Due to Portfolio Manager Peter Hayes’ unique position (Portfolio Manager and Chief Investment Officer of Tax Exempt Fixed Income) his compensation does not solely reflect his role as PM of the funds managed by him. The performance of his fund(s) are included in consideration of his incentive compensation but given his unique role it is not the sole driver of compensation.
Michael Kalinoski, CFA
Kevin Maloney, CFA
Ryan McDonald, CFA
  California Fund   A combination of market-based indices (e.g., Bloomberg Municipal Bond Index), certain customized indices and certain fund industry peer groups.
  
Distribution of Discretionary Incentive Compensation. Discretionary incentive compensation is distributed to portfolio managers in a combination of cash, deferred BlackRock, Inc. stock awards, and/or deferred cash awards that notionally track the return of certain BlackRock investment products.
Portfolio managers receive their annual discretionary incentive compensation in the form of cash. Portfolio managers whose total compensation is above a specified threshold also receive deferred BlackRock, Inc. stock awards annually as part of their discretionary incentive compensation. Paying a portion of discretionary incentive compensation in the form of deferred BlackRock, Inc. stock puts compensation earned by a portfolio manager for a given year “at risk” based on BlackRock’s ability to sustain and improve its performance over future periods. In some cases, additional deferred BlackRock, Inc. stock may be granted to certain key employees as part of a long-term incentive award to aid in retention, align interests with long-term shareholders and motivate performance. Deferred BlackRock, Inc. stock awards are generally granted in the form of BlackRock, Inc. restricted stock units that vest pursuant to the terms of the applicable plan and, once vested, settle in BlackRock, Inc. common stock. The portfolio managers of these Funds have deferred BlackRock, Inc. stock awards.
For certain portfolio managers, a portion of the discretionary incentive compensation is also distributed in the form of deferred cash awards that notionally track the returns of select BlackRock investment products they manage, which provides direct alignment of portfolio manager discretionary incentive compensation with investment product results. Deferred cash awards vest ratably over a number of years and, once vested, settle in the form of cash. Only portfolio managers who manage specified products and whose total compensation is above a specified threshold are eligible to participate in the deferred cash award program.
Other Compensation Benefits. In addition to base salary and discretionary incentive compensation, portfolio managers may be eligible to receive or participate in one or more of the following:
Incentive Savings Plans — BlackRock, Inc. has created a variety of incentive savings plans in which BlackRock employees are eligible to participate, including a 401(k) plan, the BlackRock Retirement Savings Plan (RSP), and the BlackRock Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP). The employer contribution components of the RSP include a company match equal to 50% of the first 8% of eligible pay contributed to the plan capped at $5,000 per year, and a company retirement contribution equal to 3-5% of eligible compensation up to the Internal Revenue Service limit ($330,000 for 2023). The RSP offers a range of investment options, including registered investment companies and collective investment funds managed by the firm. BlackRock contributions follow the investment direction set by participants for their own contributions or, absent participant investment direction, are invested into a target date fund that corresponds to, or is closest to, the year in which the participant attains age 65. The ESPP allows for investment in BlackRock common stock at a 5% discount on the fair market value of the stock on the purchase date. Annual participation in the ESPP is limited to the purchase of 1,000 shares of common stock or a dollar value of $25,000 based on its fair market value on the purchase date. All of the eligible portfolio managers are eligible to participate in these plans.
I-24


Table of Contents
Fund Ownership
The following table sets forth the dollar range of equity securities of the Funds beneficially owned by each portfolio managers as of the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023.
Portfolio Manager   Portfolio Managed   Dollar Range
Phillip Soccio, CFA

  Pennsylvania Fund   $10,001 - $50,000
    New Jersey Fund   None
Christian Romaglino, CFA

  New Jersey Fund
Pennsylvania Fund
  None
None
Kristi Manidis

  New Jersey Fund
Pennsylvania Fund
  $1 -$10,000
$10,001 - $50,000
Walter O’Connor, CFA

  California Fund
Pennsylvania Fund
  None
None
Peter Hayes

  California Fund   None
Michael Kalinoski, CFA

  California Fund   None
Kevin Maloney, CFA

  California Fund   None
Ryan McDonald, CFA

  California Fund   None
         
  
Portfolio Manager Potential Material Conflicts of Interest
BlackRock has built a professional working environment, firm-wide compliance culture and compliance procedures and systems designed to protect against potential incentives that may favor one account over another. BlackRock has adopted policies and procedures that address the allocation of investment opportunities, execution of portfolio transactions, personal trading by employees and other potential conflicts of interest that are designed to ensure that all client accounts are treated equitably over time. Nevertheless, BlackRock furnishes investment management and advisory services to numerous clients in addition to the Funds, and BlackRock may, consistent with applicable law, make investment recommendations to other clients or accounts (including accounts which are hedge funds or have performance or higher fees paid to BlackRock, or in which portfolio managers have a personal interest in the receipt of such fees), which may be the same as or different from those made to the Funds. In addition, BlackRock, its affiliates and significant shareholders and any officer, director, shareholder or employee may or may not have an interest in the securities whose purchase and sale BlackRock recommends to the Funds. BlackRock, or any of its affiliates or significant shareholders, or any officer, director, shareholder, employee or any member of their families may take different actions than those recommended to the Funds by BlackRock with respect to the same securities. Moreover, BlackRock may refrain from rendering any advice or services concerning securities of companies of which any of BlackRock’s (or its affiliates’ or significant shareholders’) officers, directors or employees are directors or officers, or companies as to which BlackRock or any of its affiliates or significant shareholders or the officers, directors and employees of any of them has any substantial economic interest or possesses material non-public information. Certain portfolio managers also may manage accounts whose investment strategies may at times be opposed to the strategy utilized for a fund. It should also be noted that a portfolio manager may be managing hedge fund and/or long only accounts, or may be part of a team managing hedge fund and/or long only accounts, subject to incentive fees. Such portfolio managers may therefore be entitled to receive a portion of any incentive fees earned on such accounts. Currently, the portfolio managers of these Funds are not entitled to receive a portion of incentive fees of other accounts.
As a fiduciary, BlackRock owes a duty of loyalty to its clients and must treat each client fairly. When BlackRock purchases or sells securities for more than one account, the trades must be allocated in a manner consistent with its fiduciary duties. BlackRock attempts to allocate investments in a fair and equitable manner among client accounts, with no account receiving preferential treatment. To this end, BlackRock has adopted policies that are intended to ensure reasonable efficiency in client transactions and provide BlackRock with sufficient flexibility to allocate investments in a manner that is consistent with the particular investment discipline and client base, as appropriate.
Custodian
State Street Bank and Trust Company (“State Street”) has been retained to act as custodian for each Fund and is located at One Congress Street, Suite 1, Boston, Massachusetts 02114-2016. The custodian, among other things, maintains a custody account or accounts in the name of each Fund, receives and delivers all assets for each Fund upon purchase and upon sale or maturity, and collects and receives all income and other payments and distributions on account of the assets of each Fund.
I-25


Table of Contents
Accounting Services
State Street serves as the accounting services provider for the Funds. State Street maintains the books of account and other financial records; records general ledger entries; calculates daily net income; reconciles activity to the trial balance; calculates and publishes daily net asset value; prepares account balances; and provides such other accounting services as may be required. In connection with its accounting services, State Street also provides certain administration services.
Prior to May 31, 2021, the Funds also paid the Manager for certain accounting services. Amounts shown as paid to the Manager for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2022 were for accounting services provided prior to the termination of such agreement.
The table below shows the amounts paid by the Funds to State Street and the Manager for accounting services for the periods shown:
California Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Paid to State
Street
  Paid to the
Manager
2023

  $266,123   $0
2022

  $324,758   $378
2021

  $318,997   $41,126
  
New Jersey Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Paid to State
Street
  Paid to the
Manager
2023

  $65,452   $0
2022

  $81,075   $162
2021

  $72,454   $4,553
  
Pennsylvania Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Paid to State
Street
  Paid to the
Manager
2023

  $77,700   $0
2022

  $108,153   $297
2021

  $99,329   $6,868
  
Transfer Agency and Shareholders’ Administrative Services
BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc. (“BNY Mellon”), which has its principal place of business at 301 Bellevue Parkway, Wilmington, Delaware 19809, serves as the transfer and dividend disbursement agent for the Funds.
Pursuant to a Shareholders’ Administrative Services Agreement, the Manager provides certain shareholder liaison services in connection with each Fund’s investor service center. Each Fund reimburses the Manager for its costs in maintaining the service center, which costs include, among other things, employee salaries, leasehold expenses, and other out-of-pocket expenses which are a component of the transfer agency fees in each Fund’s annual report.
The following table sets forth the fees paid by the Funds to the Manager pursuant to the Shareholders’ Administrative Services Agreement for the periods indicated:
California Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Fees Paid to
the Manager
  Fees Waived by
the Manager
2023

  $9,638   $3,992
2022

  $6,004   $2,438
2021

  $11,673   $2,796
  
I-26


Table of Contents
New Jersey Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Fees Paid to
the Manager
  Fees Waived by
the Manager
2023

  $4,790   $3,389
2022

  $2,162   $1,494
2021

  $4,292   $2,909
  
Pennsylvania Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Fees Paid to
the Manager
  Fees Waived by
the Manager
2023

  $3,780   $1,989
2022

  $1,694   $1,022
2021

  $3,521   $2,001
  
Credit Agreement. Each Trust, on behalf of the Funds, along with certain other funds managed by the Manager and its affiliates (“Participating Funds”), is a party to a 364-day, $2.5 billion credit agreement with a group of lenders, which facility terminates on April 11, 2024, unless otherwise extended or renewed (the “Credit Agreement”). Excluding commitments designated for certain Participating Funds, the other Participating Funds, including the Funds, can borrow up to an aggregate commitment amount of $1.75 billion at any time outstanding, subject to asset coverage and other limitations as specified in the Credit Agreement. The Funds may borrow under the Credit Agreement to meet shareholder redemptions and for other lawful purposes. However, the Funds may not borrow under the Credit Agreement for leverage. The Funds may borrow up to the maximum amount allowable under the Funds’ current Prospectuses and SAI, subject to various other legal, regulatory or contractual limits. Borrowing results in interest expense and other fees and expenses for the Funds which may impact the Funds’ net expenses. The costs of borrowing may reduce the Funds’ returns. Each Fund is charged its pro rata share of upfront fees and commitment fees on the aggregate commitment amount based on its net assets. If the Funds borrow pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Funds will be charged interest at a variable rate.
V. Information on Sales Charges and Distribution Related Expenses
Set forth below is information on sales charges (including any contingent deferred sales charges (“CDSCs”)) received by the Funds, including the amounts paid to affiliates of the Manager (“Affiliates”) for the Funds’ last three fiscal years. BlackRock Investments, LLC (“BRIL” or the “Distributor”), an affiliate of the Manager, acts as each Fund’s sole distributor.
Investor A and Investor A1 Sales Charge Information
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Gross Sales
Charges Collected
  Sales Charges
Retained by BRIL
  Sales Charges
Paid to Affiliates
  CDSCs Received
on Redemption of
Load Waived Shares
California Fund                
Investor A                
2023

  $31,830   $2,115   $2,115   $82,592
2022

  $46,813   $3,357   $3,357   $110,356
2021

  $40,364   $2,760   $2,760   $198,700
Investor A1                
2023

  $0   $0   $0   $0
2022

  $0   $0   $0   $0
2021

  $0   $0   $0   $0
  
    
I-27


Table of Contents
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Gross Sales
Charges Collected
  Sales Charges
Retained by BRIL
  Sales Charges
Paid to Affiliates
  CDSCs Received
on Redemption of
Load Waived Shares
New Jersey Fund                
Investor A                
2023

  $13,375   $947   $947   $8,606
2022

  $42,512   $3,198   $3,198   $17,563
2021

  $42,354   $3,026   $3,026   $7,035
Investor A1                
2023

  $0   $0   $0   $0
2022

  $0   $0   $0   $0
2021

  $0   $0   $0   $0
  
    
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Gross Sales
Charges Collected
  Sales Charges
Retained by BRIL
  Sales Charges
Paid to Affiliates
  CDSCs Received
on Redemption of
Load Waived Shares
Pennsylvania Fund                
Investor A                
2023

  $14,644   $959   $959   $16,531
2022

  $77,537   $5,437   $5,437   $9,501
2021

  $149,951   $10,107   $10,107   $18,111
Investor A1                
2023

  $0   $0   $0   $0
2022

  $0   $0   $0   $0
2021

  $0   $0   $0   $0
  
Investor C Sales Charges Information
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   CDSCs Received
by BRIL
  CDSCs Paid to
Affiliates
California Fund        
Investor C        
2023

  $2,476   $2,476
2022

  $5,366   $5,366
2021

  $12,665   $12,665
  
    
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   CDSCs Received
by BRIL
  CDSCs Paid to
Affiliates
New Jersey Fund        
Investor C        
2023

  $371   $371
2022

  $4,650   $4,650
2021

  $3,470   $3,470
  
    
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   CDSCs Received
by BRIL
  CDSCs Paid to
Affiliates
Pennsylvania Fund        
Investor C        
2023

  $302   $302
2022

  $2,798   $2,798
2021

  $1,697   $1,697
  
The tables below provide information for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023 about the 12b-1 fees the Funds paid to BRIL under the Funds’ 12b-1 plan. A significant amount of the fees collected by BRIL were paid to affiliates for providing shareholder servicing activities for Investor A, Investor A1 and Service Shares and for providing shareholder servicing and distribution-related activities and services for Investor C Shares.
I-28


Table of Contents
    Paid to BRIL
Class Name   California Fund   New Jersey Fund   Pennsylvania Fund
Investor A Shares

  $1,835,892   $264,212   $315,603
Investor A1 Shares

  $82,708   $13,575   $7,109
Investor C Shares

  $704,604   $143,772   $116,482
Service Shares

  N/A   $16,842   $2,668
  
VI. Computation of Offering Price Per Share
An illustration of the computation of the public offering price of the Investor A Shares of a Fund based on the value of a Fund’s net assets and number of Investor A Shares outstanding on May 31, 2023 is set forth below.
  Investor A Shares
  California
Fund
  New Jersey
Fund
  Pennsylvania
Fund
Net Assets

$661,274,251   $99,045,682   $117,457,051
Number of Shares Outstanding

56,393,383   9,746,613   12,106,131
Net Asset Value Per Share (net assets divided by

number of shares outstanding)

$11.73   $10.16   $9.70
Sales Charge Per Share (4.25% of offering price; 4.44% of net asset value per share)1

$0.52   $0.45   $0.43
Offering Price

$12.25   $10.61   $10.13
  

1 Assumes maximum sales charge is applicable.
The offering price for the Funds’ other share classes is equal to the share class’ net asset value computed as set forth above for Investor A Shares. Though not subject to a sales charge, certain share classes may be subject to a CDSC on redemption. For more information on the purchasing and valuation of shares, please see “Purchase of Shares” and “Pricing of Shares” in Part II of this SAI.
  Investor A1 Shares
  California Fund   New Jersey
Fund
  Pennsylvania
Fund
Net Assets

$78,960,299   $12,898,917   $6,354,376
Number of Shares Outstanding

6,727,831   1,268,833   654,649
Net Asset Value Per Share (net assets divided by

number of shares outstanding)

$11.74   $10.17   $9.71
Sales Charge Per Share (4.00% of offering price; 4.17% of net asset value per share)

$0.49   $0.42   $0.40
Offering Price

$12.23   $10.59   $10.11
  
VII. Portfolio Transactions and Brokerage
See “Portfolio Transactions and Brokerage” in Part II of this SAI for more information.
Information about the brokerage commissions paid by the Funds, including commissions paid to Affiliates, is set forth in the following table:
California Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Aggregate Brokerage
Commissions Paid
  Commissions Paid
to Affiliates
2023

  $187,078   $0
2022

  $182,609   $0
2021

  $126,275   $0
  
I-29


Table of Contents
New Jersey Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Aggregate Brokerage
Commissions Paid
  Commissions Paid
to Affiliates
2023

  $5,503   $0
2022

  $5,224   $0
2021

  $2,780   $0
  
Pennsylvania Fund
Fiscal Year Ended May 31,   Aggregate Brokerage
Commissions Paid
  Commissions Paid
to Affiliates
2023

  $8,605   $0
2022

  $8,527   $0
2021

  $4,608   $0
  
The Funds held no securities of their regular brokers or dealers (as defined in Rule 10b-1 under the Investment Company Act) during the fiscal year ended May 31, 2023.
Securities Lending
Each Fund conducts its securities lending pursuant to an exemptive order from the Commission permitting it to lend portfolio securities to borrowers affiliated with the Fund and to retain an affiliate of the Fund as lending agent. To the extent that a Fund engages in securities lending, BlackRock Investment Management, LLC (“BIM”), an affiliate of the Manager, acts as securities lending agent for the Fund, subject to the overall supervision of the Manager. BIM administers the lending program in accordance with guidelines approved by each Board.
Those Funds that engage in securities lending retain a portion of securities lending income and remit a remaining portion to BIM as compensation for its services as securities lending agent. Securities lending income is equal to the total of income earned from the reinvestment of cash collateral (and excludes collateral investment expenses as defined below), and any fees or other payments to and from borrowers of securities. As securities lending agent, BIM bears all operational costs directly related to securities lending. Each Fund is responsible for expenses in connection with the investment of cash collateral received for securities on loan (the “collateral investment expenses”). The cash collateral is invested in a private investment company managed by the Manager or its affiliates. However, BIM has agreed to cap the collateral investment expenses of the private investment company to an annual rate of 0.04%. In addition, in accordance with the exemptive order, the investment adviser to the private investment company will not charge any advisory fees with respect to shares purchased by the Funds. Such shares also will not be subject to a sales load, distribution fee or service fee. If the private investment company’s weekly liquid assets fall below 30% of its total assets, BIM, as managing member of the private investment company, is permitted at any time, if it determines it to be in the best interests of the private investment company, to impose a liquidity fee of up to 2% of the value of units withdrawn or impose a redemption gate that temporarily suspends the right of withdrawal out of the private investment company. In addition, if the private investment company’s weekly liquid assets fall below 10% of its total assets at the end of any business day, the private investment company will impose a liquidity fee in the default amount of 1% of the amount withdrawn, generally effective as of the next business day, unless BIM determines that a higher (not to exceed 2%) or lower fee level or not imposing a liquidity fee is in the best interests of the private investment company. The shares of the private investment company purchased by the Funds would be subject to any such liquidity fee or redemption gate imposed.
Under the securities lending program, the Funds are categorized into specific asset classes. The determination of a Fund’s asset class category (fixed income, domestic equity, international equity, or fund of funds), each of which may be subject to a different fee arrangement, is based on a methodology agreed to between each Trust and BIM.
Pursuant to the current securities lending agreement: (i) if the Funds were to engage in securities lending, the Funds retain 82% of securities lending income (which excludes collateral investment expenses), and (ii) this amount can never be less than 70% of the sum of securities lending income plus collateral investment expenses.
In addition, commencing the business day following the date that the aggregate securities lending income earned across the BlackRock Fixed-Income Complex in a calendar year exceeds a specified threshold, each Fund, pursuant to the current securities lending agreement, will receive for the remainder of that calendar year securities lending income as follows: (i) if the Funds were to engage in securities lending, 85% of securities lending income
I-30


Table of Contents
(which excludes collateral investment expenses); and (ii) this amount can never be less than 70% of the sum of securities lending income plus collateral investment expenses.
Each Fund had no income and fees/compensation related to its securities lending activities during its most recent fiscal year ended May 31, 2023.
VIII. Additional Information
Counsel. Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP, 787 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York 10019 serves as each Fund’s counsel.
Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm. Deloitte & Touche LLP, with offices located at 200 Berkeley Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02116, serves as the Funds’ independent registered public accounting firm.
Description of Shares
The California Trust is a business trust organized on March 20, 1985 under the laws of Massachusetts. The California Trust is an open-end management investment company currently comprised of one series (“Series”), the California Fund, which is a separate portfolio offering shares to a selected group of purchasers. The Trustees are authorized to create an unlimited number of Series and, with respect to each Series, to issue an unlimited number of full and fractional shares of beneficial interest, par value $.10 per share, of different classes and to divide or combine the shares into a greater or lesser number of shares without thereby changing the proportionate beneficial interests in the Series. Shareholder approval is not necessary for the authorization of additional Series or classes of a Series of the Trust. Effective September 29, 2006, the California Trust changed its name to BlackRock California Municipal Series Trust and the California Fund changed its name to BlackRock California Insured Municipal Bond Fund. Effective March 16, 2009, the California Fund changed its name to BlackRock California Municipal Bond Fund. Effective January 26, 2015, the California Fund changed its name to BlackRock California Municipal Opportunities Fund.
The Multi-State Trust is a business trust organized on August 2, 1985 under the laws of Massachusetts. On September 18, 1987, the Multi-State Trust changed its name from “Merrill Lynch Multi-State Tax-Exempt Series Trust” to “Merrill Lynch Multi-State Municipal Bond Series Trust,” and on December 21, 1987 the Multi-State Trust again changed its name to “Merrill Lynch Multi-State Municipal Series Trust.” On September 29, 2006, BlackRock, Inc. consummated a transaction with Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc. whereby Merrill Lynch’s investment management business combined with BlackRock to create a new independent company. At that time, the Multi-State Trust changed its name to “BlackRock Multi-State Municipal Series Trust,” the New Jersey Fund changed its name to BlackRock New Jersey Municipal Bond Fund and the Pennsylvania Fund changed its name to “BlackRock Pennsylvania Municipal Bond Fund”.
The Multi-State Trust is an open-end management investment company comprised of separate Series, each of which is a separate portfolio offering shares to selected groups of purchasers. Each of the Series is managed independently in order to provide shareholders who are residents of the state to which such Series relates with income exempt from Federal, and in certain cases, state and local income taxes. The Trustees are authorized to create an unlimited number of Series and, with respect to each Series, to issue an unlimited number of full and fractional shares of beneficial interest, $.10 par value per share, of different classes and to divide or combine the shares into a greater or lesser number of shares without thereby changing the proportionate beneficial interests in the Series. The Multi-State Trust is presently comprised of the New Jersey Fund, BlackRock Florida Municipal Bond Fund, the Pennsylvania Fund and BlackRock New York Municipal Bond Fund. Shareholder approval is not required for the authorization of additional Series or classes of a Series of the Multi-State Trust.
Principal Shareholders
To the knowledge of each Fund, the following entities owned of record or beneficially 5% or more of a class of each Fund’s shares as of September 5, 2023:
California Fund
Name   Address   %   Class
Wells Fargo Clearing Services   2801 Market Street
Saint Louis, MO 63103
  17.42%   Investor A Shares
I-31