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abrdn Funds
image
Prospectus
February 29, 2024
 
abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund (formerly, abrdn U.S. Sustainable Leaders Smaller Companies Fund)
Class A - MLSAX Class R - GLSRX Institutional Class - GGUIX Institutional Service Class - AELSX
abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund
Class A - GSXAX Class C - GSXCX Class R - GNSRX Institutional Class - GSCIX Institutional Service Class - GSXIX
abrdn China A Share Equity Fund
Class A - GOPAX Class C - GOPCX Class R - GOPRX Institutional Class - GOPIX Institutional Service Class - GOPSX
abrdn Emerging Markets Sustainable Leaders Fund
Class A - GIGAX Class C - GIGCX Class R - GIRRX Institutional Class - GIGIX Institutional Service Class - GIGSX
abrdn Emerging Markets ex-China Fund
Class A - GLLAX Class C - GLLCX Class R - GWLRX Institutional Class - GWLIX Institutional Service Class - GLLSX
abrdn Emerging Markets Fund
Class A - GEGAX Class C - GEGCX Class R - GEMRX Institutional Class - ABEMX Institutional Service Class - AEMSX
abrdn Infrastructure Debt Fund (formerly, abrdn Global Absolute Return Strategies Fund)
Class A – CUGAX Institutional Class – AGCIX Institutional Service Class – CGFIX
abrdn International Small Cap Fund
Class A – WVCCX Class C – CPVCX Class R – WPVAX Institutional Class – ABNIX
abrdn Intermediate Municipal Income Fund
Class A – NTFAX Institutional Class – ABEIX Institutional Service Class – ABESX
abrdn U.S. Sustainable Leaders Fund
Class A – GXXAX Class C – GXXCX Institutional Class – GGLIX Institutional Service Class – GXXIX
abrdn Dynamic Dividend Fund
Class A – ADAVX Institutional Class – ADVDX
abrdn Global Infrastructure Fund
Class A – AIAFX Institutional Class – AIFRX
abrdn Short Duration High Yield Municipal Fund
Class A – AAHMX Class C – ACHMX Institutional Class – AHYMX
abrdn Realty Income & Growth Fund
Class A – AIAGX Institutional Class – AIGYX
abrdn Ultra Short Municipal Income Fund
Class A – ATOAX Class A1 – ATOBX Institutional Class – ATOIX
abrdn Emerging Markets Dividend Fund (formerly, abrdn International Sustainable Leaders Fund)
Class A – BJBIX Institutional Class – JIEIX
abrdn Global Equity Impact Fund
Class A – JETAX Institutional Class – JETIX
abrdn High Income Opportunities Fund (formerly, abrdn Global High Income Fund)
Class A – BJBHX Institutional Class – JHYIX
As with all mutual funds, the Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved these Funds’ shares or determined whether this prospectus is complete or accurate. To state otherwise is a crime.

 
 
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Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund
abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund
image
Objective
The abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund (formerly, abrdn U.S. Sustainable Leaders Smaller Companies Fund) (the “Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund “ or the “Fund”) seeks long-term capital appreciation.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay when you buy, hold and sell shares of the Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund. You may qualify for sales charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in abrdn Funds. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial advisor and in the “Reduction and Waiver of Class A and Class A1 Sales Charges” and “Broker-Defined Sales Charge Waiver Policies” sections on pages 164 and 221 of the Fund’s prospectus, respectively, and in the “Additional Information on Purchases and Sales — Waiver of Class A and Class A1 Sales Charges” and “Reduction of Sales Charges” sections on pages 110 and 111 of the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information, respectively. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and example below.
Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)
Class A Shares
Class R Shares
Institutional Class Shares
Institutional Service Class Shares
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) imposed upon purchases (as a percentage of offering price)
5.75
%
None
None
None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) (as a percentage of offering or sale price, whichever is less)
1.00
%
(1)
None
None
None
Small Account Fee(2)
$20
None
$20
$20
Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees
0.75
%
0.75
%
0.75
%
0.75
%
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees
0.25
%
0.50
%
None
None
Other Expenses
1.33
%
1.37
%
1.38
%
1.39
%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
2.33
%
2.62
%
2.13
%
2.14
%
Less: Amount of Fee Limitations/Expense Reimbursements(3)
1.09
%
1.09
%
1.23
%
1.09
%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Limitations/Expense Reimbursements
1.24
%
1.53
%
0.90
%
1.05
%
(1) Unless you are otherwise eligible to purchase Class A shares without a sales charge, a contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) of up to 1.00% will be charged on Class A shares redeemed within 18 months of purchase if you paid no sales charge on the original purchase and a finder’s fee was paid.
(2) Accounts with balances below $1,000 are generally subject to a $5 quarterly fee (with an annual maximum of $20 per account). Shares from such accounts are redeemed each quarter to cover the fee, which is returned to the Fund to offset small account expenses. Under some circumstances, the Fund may waive the quarterly fee. See the Statement of Additional Information for information about the circumstances under which this fee will not be assessed.
(3) abrdn Funds (the “Trust”) and abrdn Inc. (the “Adviser”) have entered into a written contract limiting operating expenses to 0.90% for all classes of the Fund. This contractual limitation may not be terminated before February 28, 2025 without the approval of the Independent Trustees. This limit excludes certain expenses, including any taxes, interest, brokerage fees, short-sale dividend expenses, Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses, Rule 12b-1 fees, administrative services fees, transfer agent out-of-pocket expenses for Class A shares, Class R shares and Institutional Service Class shares and extraordinary expenses. The Trust is authorized to reimburse the Adviser for management fees previously limited and/or for expenses previously paid by the Adviser, provided, however, that any reimbursements must be paid at a date not more than three years after the date when the Adviser limited the fees or reimbursed the expenses and the reimbursements do not cause a Class to exceed the lesser of the applicable expense limitation in the contract at the time the fees were limited or expenses are paid or the applicable expense limitation in effect at the time the expenses are being recouped by the Adviser.
Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund   1

 
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Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then sell all of your shares at the end of those periods. It assumes a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same (taking into account the contractual fee limitation until its expiration, which impacts the 1-Year figures listed below). Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
CLASS A SHARES
$694
$1,162
$1,655
$3,008
CLASS R SHARES
$156
$711
$1,293
$2,873
INSTITUTIONAL CLASS SHARES
$92
$548
$1,031
$2,365
INSTITUTIONAL SERVICE CLASS SHARES
$107
$565
$1,049
$2,386
Portfolio Turnover
The Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 16.83% of the average value of its portfolio.
Principal Strategies
As a non-fundamental policy, under normal circumstances, the Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund invests at least 80% of the value of its net assets, plus any borrowings for investment purposes, in equity securities issued by U.S. small-cap companies. The Fund will be managed pursuant to a “focused” strategy whereby the Fund’s investment adviser will typically invest the Fund’s assets in a small number of issuers. Generally, the Fund expects to hold approximately 35 to 45 issuers.
For purposes of the Fund’s 80% policy, a company is considered to be a U.S. company if Fund management determines that the company meets one or more of the following criteria:
the company is organized under the laws of, or has its principal office in the United States;
 
the company has its principal securities trading market in the United States; and/or
 
the company derives the majority of its annual revenue or earnings or assets from goods produced, sales made or services performed in the United States.
 
The Fund considers small-cap companies to be companies that have market capitalizations similar to those of companies include in the Russell 2000® Index at the time of investment. The range of the Russell 2000® Index was $16.95 million to $15.04 billion as of December 31, 2023.
Some companies may outgrow the definition of a small company after the Fund has purchased their securities or may no longer fall within the range of a reconstituted index. These companies continue to be considered small for purposes of the Fund’s minimum 80% allocation to small company equities. While the Fund may sell a security if its market capitalization exceeds the definition of small-cap company, it is not required to sell solely because of that fact.
Equity securities include, but are not limited to, common stock, preferred stock and depositary receipts.
The Fund may invest in securities of any market sector and may hold a significant amount of securities of companies, from time to time, within a single sector. The Fund currently anticipates that it will have significant exposure to the industrials sector.
The Fund may invest in securities denominated in U.S. Dollars and the currencies of any foreign countries in which it is permitted to invest. The Fund typically has full currency exposure to those markets in which it invests. The Fund may also invest in non-U.S. companies, including primarily Canadian companies.
In seeking to achieve the Fund’s investment objective, the Adviser invests in quality companies and is an active, engaged owner. The Adviser evaluates every company against its own quality criteria and builds conviction using a team-based approach and peer review process. The quality assessment covers five key factors: 1) the durability of the business model, 2) the attractiveness of the industry, 3) the strength of financials, 4) the capability of management, and 5) the most material environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) factors impacting a company. As ESG information is just one investment consideration, ESG considerations generally are not solely determinative in any investment decision made by the Adviser. Through fundamental research, supported by a global research presence, the Adviser seeks to identify companies whose quality and future prospects are not yet fully recognized by the market.
Principal Risks
The Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund cannot guarantee that it will achieve its investment objective.
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Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
As with any fund, the value of the Fund’s investments – and therefore, the value of Fund shares – may fluctuate. The following is a list of the principal risks of investing in the Fund (in alphabetical order after the first six risks).
Market Risk – Deteriorating market conditions might cause a general weakness in the market that reduces the prices, or yield, of securities in those markets in which the Fund invests.
Issuer Risk – The value of a security may decline for reasons directly related to the issuer, such as management performance, financial leverage and reduced demand for the issuer’s goods or services.
Equity Securities Risk – The stock or other security of a company may not perform as well as expected, and may decrease in value, because of factors related to the company (such as poorer than expected earnings or certain management decisions), to the industry in which the company is engaged (such as a reduction in the demand for products or services in a particular industry), or to the market as a whole (such as periods of market volatility or instability, or general and prolonged periods of economic decline).
Active Management Risk – The Fund is subject to the risk that the Adviser may make poor security selections. The Adviser and its portfolio managers apply their own investment techniques and risk analyses in making investment decisions for the Fund and there can be no guarantee that these decisions will achieve the desired results for the Fund. In addition, the Adviser may select securities that underperform the relevant market or other funds with similar investment objectives and strategies.
Focus Risk – Funds that invest a greater proportion of their assets in the securities of a smaller number of issuers will be subject to greater volatility with respect to their investments than funds that invest in a larger number of securities.
Small-Cap Securities Risk – Securities of smaller companies are usually less stable in price and less liquid than those of larger, more established companies. Therefore, they generally involve greater risk. Small-cap companies may have limited product lines or markets, be less financially secure than larger companies, or depend on a small number of key personnel. If adverse developments occur, such as due to management changes or product failure, a Fund’s investment in a small-cap company may lose substantial value.
Cybersecurity Risk – Cybersecurity incidents may allow an unauthorized party to gain access to Fund assets, customer data (including private shareholder information), or proprietary information, or cause the Fund, the Adviser and/or its service providers (including, but not limited to, Fund accountants, custodians, sub-custodians, transfer agents and financial intermediaries) to suffer data breaches, data corruption or lose operational functionality.
ESG Integration Risk To the extent ESG factors are used to evaluate investments, the consideration of such factors may adversely affect a Fund’s performance. Not every ESG factor may be identified or evaluated for every investment. ESG characteristics are not the only factors considered and, as a result, the issuers in which a Fund invests may not be issuers with favorable ESG characteristics or high ESG ratings. The application of ESG factors may result in a Fund performing differently than its benchmark index and other funds in its peer group that do not consider ESG factors or consider different ESG  factors.
Foreign Currency Exposure Risk – The value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. Dollar fluctuates in response to market, economic, political, regulatory, geopolitical or other conditions. A decline in the value of a foreign currency versus the U.S. Dollar reduces the value in U.S. Dollars of investments denominated in that foreign currency. This risk may impact the Fund more greatly to the extent the Fund does not hedge its currency risk, or hedging techniques used by the Adviser are unsuccessful.
Foreign Securities Risk – Foreign countries in which the Fund may invest may have markets that are less liquid, less regulated and more volatile than U.S. markets. The value of the Fund’s investments may decline because of factors such as unfavorable or unsuccessful government actions, reduction of government or central bank support and political or financial instability. To the extent the Fund focuses its investments in a single country or only a few countries in a particular geographic region, economic, political, regulatory or other conditions affecting such country or region may have a greater impact on Fund performance relative to a more geographically diversified fund.
Sector Risk – To the extent that the Fund has a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a broadly related group of industries within an economic sector, the Fund may be more vulnerable to unfavorable developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly.
Industrials Sector Risk. The value of securities issued by companies in the industrials sector may be adversely affected by supply and demand related to their specific products or services and industrials sector products in general. The products of manufacturing companies may face obsolescence due to rapid technological developments and frequent new product introduction. Government regulations, world events, economic conditions and exchange rates may adversely affect the performance of companies in the industrials sector. Companies in the industrials sector may be adversely affected by liability for environmental damage and product liability claims. The industrials sector may also be adversely affected by changes or trends in commodity prices, which may be influenced by unpredictable factors. Companies in the industrials sector, particularly aerospace and defense companies, may also be adversely affected by government spending policies because companies involved in this sector rely to a significant extent on government demand for their products and services.
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Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
Valuation Risk – The price that the Fund could receive upon the sale of any particular portfolio investment may differ from the Fund’s valuation of the investment, particularly for securities that trade in thin or volatile markets or that are valued using a fair valuation methodology or a price provided by an independent pricing service. As a result, the price received upon the sale of an investment may be less than the value ascribed by the Fund, and the Fund could realize a greater than expected loss or lesser than expected gain upon the sale of the investment. The Fund’s ability to value its investments may also be impacted by technological issues and/or errors by pricing services or other third-party service providers.
If the value of the Fund’s investments decreases, you may lose money.

For additional information regarding the above identified risks, see “Fund Details: Additional Information about Investments, Investment Techniques and Risks” in the prospectus.
Performance
The bar chart and table below can help you evaluate potential risks of the Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund. The bar chart shows how the Fund’s annual total returns for Class A have varied from year to year. The returns in the bar chart do not reflect the impact of sales charges, if any. If the applicable sales charges were included, the annual total returns would be lower than those shown. Unlike the bar chart, the returns in the table reflect the maximum applicable sales charges. The table compares the Fund’s average annual total returns to the returns of the Russell 3000® Index, a broad-based securities index, and the Russell 2000® Index. Effective February 29, 2024, in anticipation of new regulatory requirements, the Fund’s broad-based securities market index has changed from the Russell 2500® Index to the Russell 3000® Index in the Fund’s total return table. Also effective February 29, 2024, the Russell 2000® Index became the Fund’s secondary benchmark to reflect the change in the Fund’s investment strategy. Pursuant to federal rules and regulations, the Russell 2500® Index will continue to be shown for twelve months following its removal as the Fund’s primary benchmark. Remember, however, that past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily indicative of how the Fund will perform in the future. For updated performance information, please visit https://www.abrdn.com/en-us/us/investor/fund-centre#literature or call 866-667-9231.
The Fund changed its investment strategy effective February 29, 2024 from a U.S. sustainable leaders smaller companies strategy to a U.S. focused small cap equity strategy. In connection with the change in investment strategy, the Fund changed its name from abrdn U.S. Sustainable Leaders Smaller Companies Fund to abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund. On December 1, 2020, the Fund changed its investment strategy from a focused U.S. equity strategy to a U.S. sustainable leaders smaller companies strategy. In connection with the change in investment strategy, the Fund changed its name from Aberdeen Focused U.S. Equity Fund to Aberdeen U.S. Sustainable Leaders Smaller Companies Fund. In addition, the Fund changed its investment strategy effective November 15, 2017 from a long-short equity strategy to a focused U.S. equity strategy. In connection with the change in investment strategy, the Fund changed its name from Aberdeen Equity Long-Short Fund to Aberdeen Focused U.S. Equity Fund. Performance information for periods from December 1, 2020 to February 29, 2024, from November 15, 2017 to December 1, 2020 and prior to November 15, 2017 reflect different investment strategies than the current investment strategy.
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Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
Annual Total Returns – Class A Shares
(Years Ended Dec. 31)

image
Highest Return: 18.48% - 2nd quarter 2020
Lowest Return: -18.81% - 2nd quarter 2022
After-tax returns are shown in the following table for Class A shares only and will vary for other classes. After-tax returns are calculated using the historical highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Your actual after-tax return depends on your personal tax situation and may differ from what is shown here. After-tax returns are not relevant to investors in tax-deferred arrangements, such as individual retirement accounts, 401(k) plans or certain other employer-sponsored retirement plans.
Average Annual Total Returns as of December 31, 2023
 
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Class A shares – Before Taxes
3.33
%
10.70
%
6.37
%
Class A shares – After Taxes on Distributions
3.33
%
7.99
%
3.20
%
Class A shares – After Taxes on Distributions and Sales of Shares(1)
1.97
%
8.08
%
4.25
%
Class R shares – Before Taxes
9.21
%
11.69
%
6.64
%
Institutional Class shares – Before Taxes
10.00
%
12.41
%
7.36
%
Institutional Service Class shares – Before Taxes
9.74
%
12.23
%
7.17
%
Russell 3000® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
25.96
%
15.16
%
11.48
%
Russell 2000® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
16.93
%
9.97
%
7.16
%
Russell 2500® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
17.42
%
11.67
%
8.36
%
(1) Under certain circumstances, the addition of the tax benefits from capital losses resulting from redemptions may cause the returns after taxes on distributions and sales of shares to be greater than the returns after taxes on distributions or the returns before taxes.
Investment Adviser
abrdn Inc. serves as the Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund ‘s investment adviser.
Portfolio Managers
The Fund is managed using a team-based approach, with the following team members being jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund:
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Summary - abrdn Focused U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
Name
Title
Served on the Fund Since
Christopher Colarik
Head of U.S. Smaller Companies
2023
Scott Eun
Senior Investment Director
2024
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
The Fund’s minimum investment requirements are as follows:
CLASS A SHARES
To open an account
$1,000
To open an IRA account
$1,000
Additional investments
$50
To start an Automatic Investment Plan
$1,000
Additional Investments (Automatic Investment Plan)
$50
 
CLASS R SHARES
To open an account
No Minimum
Additional investments
No Minimum
 
INSTITUTIONAL CLASS SHARES
To open an account
$1,000,000
Additional investments
No Minimum
 
INSTITUTIONAL SERVICE CLASS SHARES
To open an account
$1,000,000
Additional investments
No Minimum
The Fund reserves the right to apply or waive investment minimums under certain circumstances as described in the prospectus under the “Choosing a Share Class” section.
Fund shares may be redeemed on each day that the New York Stock Exchange is open. Fund shares may be sold by mail or fax, by telephone or on-line.
Tax Information
The Fund’s dividends and distributions are subject to federal income taxes and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are a tax-exempt investor or invest through a qualified employee benefit plan, retirement plan or other tax-deferred account, in which case your withdrawals from such account may be taxed as ordinary income.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your financial advisor to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your financial advisor or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
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Summary - abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund
abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund
image
Objective
The abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund (the “U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund” or the “Fund”) seeks long-term capital appreciation.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay when you buy, hold and sell shares of the U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund. You may qualify for sales charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in abrdn Funds. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial advisor and in the “Reduction and Waiver of Class A and Class A1 Sales Charges” and “Broker-Defined Sales Charge Waiver Policies” sections on pages 164 and 221 of the Fund’s prospectus, respectively, and in the “Additional Information on Purchases and Sales — Waiver of Class A and Class A1 Sales Charges” and “Reduction of Sales Charges” sections on pages 110 and 111 of the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information, respectively. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and example below.
Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)
Class A Shares
Class C Shares
Class R Shares
Institutional Class Shares
Institutional Service Class Shares
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) imposed upon purchases (as a percentage of offering price)
5.75
%
None
None
None
None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) (as a percentage of offering or sale price, whichever is less)
1.00
%
(1)
1.00
%
(2)
None
None
None
Small Account Fee(3)
$20
$20
None
$20
$20
Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees
0.83
%
0.83
%
0.83
%
0.83
%
0.83
%
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees
0.25
%
1.00
%
0.50
%
None
None
Other Expenses
0.35
%
0.32
%
0.35
%
0.31
%
0.34
%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
1.43
%
2.15
%
1.68
%
1.14
%
1.17
%
Less: Amount of Fee Limitations/Expense Reimbursements(4)
0.04
%
0.15
%
0.04
%
0.14
%
0.04
%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Limitations/Expense Reimbursements
1.39
%
2.00
%
1.64
%
1.00
%
1.13
%
(1) Unless you are otherwise eligible to purchase Class A shares without a sales charge, a contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) of up to 1.00% will be charged on Class A shares redeemed within 18 months of purchase if you paid no sales charge on the original purchase and a finder’s fee was paid.
(2) If you redeem your Class C shares within the first year after you purchase them you must pay a CDSC of 1.00%; however, the CDSC shall not apply to the purchases of Class C shares where the selling broker-dealer was not paid a commission at the time of purchase.
(3) Accounts with balances below $1,000 are generally subject to a $5 quarterly fee (with an annual maximum of $20 per account). Shares from such accounts are redeemed each quarter to cover the fee, which is returned to the Fund to offset small account expenses. Under some circumstances, the Fund may waive the quarterly fee. See the Statement of Additional Information for information about the circumstances under which this fee will not be assessed.
(4) abrdn Funds (the “Trust”) and abrdn Inc. (the “Adviser”) have entered into a written contract limiting operating expenses to 0.99% for all classes of the Fund. This contractual limitation may not be terminated before February 28, 2025 without the approval of the Independent Trustees. This limit excludes certain expenses, including any taxes, interest, brokerage fees, short-sale dividend expenses, Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses, Rule 12b-1 fees, administrative services fees, transfer agent out-of-pocket expenses for Class A shares, Class R shares and Institutional Service Class shares and extraordinary expenses. The Trust is authorized to reimburse the Adviser for management fees previously limited and/or for expenses previously paid by the Adviser, provided, however, that any reimbursements must be paid at a date not more than three years after the date when the Adviser limited the fees or reimbursed the expenses and the reimbursements do not cause a Class to exceed the lesser of the applicable expense limitation in the contract at the time the fees were limited or expenses are paid or the applicable expense limitation in effect at the time the expenses are being recouped by the Adviser.
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Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund for the time periods indicated and then sell all of your shares at the end of those periods. It assumes a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same (taking into account the contractual fee limitation until its expiration, which impacts the 1-Year figures listed below). Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
CLASS A SHARES
$708
$998
$1,308
$2,186
CLASS C SHARES
$303
$659
$1,141
$2,471
CLASS R SHARES
$167
$526
$909
$1,984
INSTITUTIONAL CLASS SHARES
$102
$348
$614
$1,374
INSTITUTIONAL SERVICE CLASS SHARES
$115
$368
$640
$1,417
You would pay the following expenses on the same investment if you did not sell your shares:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
CLASS C SHARES
$203
$659
$1,141
$2,471
Portfolio Turnover
The U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 29.74% of the average value of its portfolio.
Principal Strategies
As a non-fundamental policy, under normal circumstances, the U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund invests at least 80% of the value of its net assets, plus any borrowings for investment purposes, in equity securities issued by U.S. small-cap companies. A company is considered to be a U.S. company if Fund management determines that the company meets one or more of the following criteria:
the company is organized under the laws of, or has its principal office in the United States;
 
the company has its principal securities trading market in the United States; and/or
 
the company derives the majority of its annual revenue or earnings or assets from goods produced, sales made or services performed in the United States.
 
The Fund considers small-cap companies to be companies that have market capitalizations similar to those of companies included in the Russell 2000® Index at the time of investment. The range of the Russell 2000® Index was $16.95 million to $15.04 billion as of December 31, 2023.
Some companies may outgrow the definition of a small company after the Fund has purchased their securities or may no longer fall within the range of a reconstituted index. These companies continue to be considered small for purposes of the Fund’s minimum 80% allocation to small company equities. The Fund also may invest in foreign securities and securities of larger companies. Equity securities include, but are not limited to, common stock, preferred stock and depositary receipts.
While the Fund may sell a security if its market capitalization exceeds the definition of small-cap company, it is not required to sell solely because of that fact.
The Fund may invest in securities of any market sector and may hold a significant amount of securities of companies, from time to time, within a single sector. The Fund currently anticipates that it will have significant exposure to the industrials sector.
The Fund may invest in securities denominated in U.S. Dollars and the currencies of any foreign countries in which it is permitted to invest. The Fund typically has full currency exposure to those markets in which it invests. The Fund invests predominantly in securities of U.S. issuers. The Fund may also invest in non-U.S. companies, including primarily Canadian companies.
In seeking to achieve the Fund’s investment objective, the Adviser invests in quality companies and is an active, engaged owner. The Adviser evaluates every company against quality criteria and builds conviction using a team-based approach and peer review process. The quality assessment covers five key factors: 1) the durability of the business
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Summary - abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
model, 2) the attractiveness of the industry, 3) the strength of financials, 4) the capability of management, and 5) the most material environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) factors impacting a company. As ESG information is just one investment consideration, ESG considerations generally are not solely determinative in any investment decision made by the Adviser. Through fundamental research, supported by a global research presence, the Adviser seeks to identify companies whose quality and future prospects are not yet fully recognized by the market.
Principal Risks
The U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund cannot guarantee that it will achieve its investment objective.
As with any fund, the value of the Fund’s investments – and therefore, the value of Fund shares – may fluctuate. The following is a list of the principal risks of investing in the Fund (in alphabetical order after the first five risks).
Market Risk – Deteriorating market conditions might cause a general weakness in the market that reduces the prices, or yield, of securities in those markets in which the Fund invests.
Issuer Risk – The value of a security may decline for reasons directly related to the issuer, such as management performance, financial leverage and reduced demand for the issuer’s goods or services.
Equity Securities Risk – The stock or other security of a company may not perform as well as expected, and may decrease in value, because of factors related to the company (such as poorer than expected earnings or certain management decisions), to the industry in which the company is engaged (such as a reduction in the demand for products or services in a particular industry), or to the market as a whole (such as periods of market volatility or instability, or general and prolonged periods of economic decline).
Active Management Risk – The Fund is subject to the risk that the Adviser may make poor security selections. The Adviser and its portfolio managers apply their own investment techniques and risk analyses in making investment decisions for the Fund and there can be no guarantee that these decisions will achieve the desired results for the Fund. In addition, the Adviser may select securities that underperform the relevant market or other funds with similar investment objectives and strategies.
Small-Cap Securities Risk – Securities of smaller companies are usually less stable in price and less liquid than those of larger, more established companies. Therefore, they generally involve greater risk. Small-cap companies may have limited product lines or markets, be less financially secure than larger companies, or depend on a small number of key personnel. If adverse developments occur, such as due to management changes or product failure, a Fund’s investment in a small-cap company may lose substantial value.
Cybersecurity Risk – Cybersecurity incidents may allow an unauthorized party to gain access to Fund assets, customer data (including private shareholder information), or proprietary information, or cause the Fund, the Adviser and/or its service providers (including, but not limited to, Fund accountants, custodians, sub-custodians, transfer agents and financial intermediaries) to suffer data breaches, data corruption or lose operational functionality.
ESG Integration Risk To the extent ESG factors are used to evaluate investments, the consideration of such factors may adversely affect a Fund’s performance. Not every ESG factor may be identified or evaluated for every investment. ESG characteristics are not the only factors considered and, as a result, the issuers in which a Fund invests may not be issuers with favorable ESG characteristics or high ESG ratings. The application of ESG factors may result in a Fund performing differently than its benchmark index and other funds in its peer group that do not consider ESG factors or consider different ESG  factors.
Foreign Currency Exposure Risk – The value of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. Dollar fluctuates in response to market, economic, political, regulatory, geopolitical or other conditions. A decline in the value of a foreign currency versus the U.S. Dollar reduces the value in U.S. Dollars of investments denominated in that foreign currency. This risk may impact the Fund more greatly to the extent the Fund does not hedge its currency risk, or hedging techniques used by the Adviser are unsuccessful.
Foreign Securities Risk – Foreign countries in which the Fund may invest may have markets that are less liquid, less regulated and more volatile than U.S. markets. The value of the Fund’s investments may decline because of factors such as unfavorable or unsuccessful government actions, reduction of government or central bank support and political or financial instability. To the extent the Fund focuses its investments in a single country or only a few countries in a particular geographic region, economic, political, regulatory or other conditions affecting such country or region may have a greater impact on Fund performance relative to a more geographically diversified fund.
Sector Risk – To the extent that the Fund has a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a broadly related group of industries within an economic sector, the Fund may be more vulnerable to unfavorable developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly.
Industrials Sector Risk. The value of securities issued by companies in the industrials sector may be adversely affected by supply and demand related to their specific products or services and industrials sector products in general. The products of manufacturing companies may face obsolescence due to rapid technological developments and frequent new product introduction. Government regulations, world events, economic conditions and exchange rates
Summary - abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund   9

 
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Summary - abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
may adversely affect the performance of companies in the industrials sector. Companies in the industrials sector may be adversely affected by liability for environmental damage and product liability claims. The industrials sector may also be adversely affected by changes or trends in commodity prices, which may be influenced by unpredictable factors. Companies in the industrials sector, particularly aerospace and defense companies, may also be adversely affected by government spending policies because companies involved in this sector rely to a significant extent on government demand for their products and services.
Valuation Risk – The price that the Fund could receive upon the sale of any particular portfolio investment may differ from the Fund’s valuation of the investment, particularly for securities that trade in thin or volatile markets or that are valued using a fair valuation methodology or a price provided by an independent pricing service. As a result, the price received upon the sale of an investment may be less than the value ascribed by the Fund, and the Fund could realize a greater than expected loss or lesser than expected gain upon the sale of the investment. The Fund’s ability to value its investments may also be impacted by technological issues and/or errors by pricing services or other third-party service providers.
If the value of the Fund’s investments decreases, you may lose money.

For additional information regarding the above identified risks, see “Fund Details: Additional Information about Investments, Investment Techniques and Risks” in the prospectus.
Performance
The bar chart and table below can help you evaluate potential risks of the U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund. The bar chart shows how the Fund’s annual total returns for Class A have varied from year to year. The returns in the bar chart do not reflect the impact of sales charges, if any. If the applicable sales charges were included, the annual total returns would be lower than those shown. Unlike the bar chart, the returns in the table reflect the maximum applicable sales charges.
The table compares the Fund’s average annual total returns to the returns of the Russell 3000® Index, a broad-based securities index, and the Russell 2000® Index. Effective February 29, 2024, in anticipation of new regulatory requirements, the Fund’s broad-based securities index has changed from the Russell 2000® Index to the Russell 3000® Index in the Fund’s total return table. Remember, however, that past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily indicative of how the Fund will perform in the future. For updated performance information, please visit https://www.abrdn.com/en-us/us/investor/fund-centre#literature or call 866-667-9231.
Annual Total Returns – Class A Shares
(Years Ended Dec. 31)

image
Highest Return: 29.29% - 2nd quarter 2020
Lowest Return: -23.76% - 1st quarter 2020
10   Summary - abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund

 
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Summary - abrdn U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund 
After-tax returns are shown in the following table for Class A shares only and will vary for other classes. After-tax returns are calculated using the historical highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Your actual after-tax return depends on your personal tax situation and may differ from what is shown here. After-tax returns are not relevant to investors in tax-deferred arrangements, such as individual retirement accounts, 401(k) plans or certain other employer-sponsored retirement plans.
Average Annual Total Returns as of December 31, 2023
 
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Class A shares – Before Taxes
4.62
%
9.82
%
8.15
%
Class A shares – After Taxes on Distributions
4.62
%
7.42
%
6.63
%
Class A shares – After Taxes on Distributions and Sales of Shares(1)
2.73
%
7.45
%
6.36
%
Class C shares – Before Taxes
9.35
%
10.43
%
8.07
%
Class R shares – Before Taxes
10.78
%
10.80
%
8.48
%
Institutional Class shares – Before Taxes
11.46
%
11.53
%
9.16
%
Institutional Service Class shares – Before Taxes
11.28
%
11.42
%
9.10
%
Russell 3000® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
25.96
%
15.16
%
11.48
%
Russell 2000® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
16.93
%
9.97
%
7.16
%
(1) Under certain circumstances, the addition of the tax benefits from capital losses resulting from redemptions may cause the returns after taxes on distributions and sales of shares to be greater than the returns after taxes on distributions or the returns before taxes.
Investment Adviser
abrdn Inc. serves as the U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund’s investment adviser.
Portfolio Managers
The Fund is managed using a team-based approach, with the following team members being jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund:
Name
Title
Served on the Fund Since
Christopher Colarik
Head of U.S. Smaller Companies
2023
Scott Eun
Senior Investment Director
2024
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
The Fund’s minimum investment requirements are as follows:
CLASS A and CLASS C SHARES
To open an account
$1,000
To open an IRA account
$1,000
Additional investments
$50
To start an Automatic Investment Plan
$1,000
Additional Investments (Automatic Investment Plan)
$50
 
CLASS R SHARES
To open an account
No Minimum
Additional investments