STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

This is the Statement of Additional Information (SAI) for all of the funds listed below (Price Funds). It is divided into two parts (Part I and Part II). Part I primarily contains information that is particular to each fund, while Part II contains information that generally applies to all of the mutual funds sponsored and managed by T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (Price Associates or T. Rowe Price).

The date of this Statement of Additional Information is August 28, 2023.

   

T. ROWE PRICE ALL-CAP OPPORTUNITIES FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price All-Cap Opportunities Fund

PRWAX

T. Rowe Price All-Cap Opportunities Fund—Advisor Class

PAWAX

T. Rowe Price All-Cap Opportunities Fund—I Class

PNAIX

T. ROWE PRICE BALANCED FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Balanced Fund

RPBAX

T. Rowe Price Balanced Fund—I Class

RBAIX

T. ROWE PRICE BLUE CHIP GROWTH FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund

TRBCX

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund—Advisor Class

PABGX

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund—I Class

TBCIX

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund—R Class

RRBGX

T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth Fund—Z Class

TRZBX

T. ROWE PRICE CAPITAL APPRECIATION FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation Fund

PRWCX

T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation Fund—Advisor Class

PACLX

T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation Fund—I Class

TRAIX

T. ROWE PRICE COMMUNICATIONS & TECHNOLOGY FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Communications & Technology Fund

PRMTX

T. Rowe Price Communications & Technology Fund—I Class

TTMIX

T. ROWE PRICE CORPORATE INCOME FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Corporate Income Fund

PRPIX

T. Rowe Price Corporate Income Fund—I Class

TICCX

T. Rowe Price Corporate Income Fund—Z Class

TRZCX

T. ROWE PRICE CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Credit Opportunities Fund

PRCPX

T. Rowe Price Credit Opportunities Fund—Advisor Class

PAOPX

T. Rowe Price Credit Opportunities Fund—I Class

TCRRX

T. ROWE PRICE DIVERSIFIED MID-CAP GROWTH FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Diversified Mid-Cap Growth Fund

PRDMX

T. Rowe Price Diversified Mid-Cap Growth Fund—I Class

RPTTX

C00-042 8/28/2023


   

T. ROWE PRICE DIVIDEND GROWTH FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Dividend Growth Fund

PRDGX

T. Rowe Price Dividend Growth Fund—Advisor Class

TADGX

T. Rowe Price Dividend Growth Fund—I Class

PDGIX

T. Rowe Price Dividend Growth Fund—Z Class

TRZDX

T. ROWE PRICE EQUITY FUNDS, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Hedged Equity Fund

PHEFX

T. Rowe Price Hedged Equity Fund—I Class

PHEIX

T. Rowe Price Hedged Equity Fund—Z Class

PZHEX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Large-Cap Core Growth Fund

TPLGX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Mid-Cap Equity Growth Fund

PMEGX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Small-Cap Stock Fund

TRSSX

T. Rowe Price Large-Cap Growth Fund

TRGOX

T. Rowe Price Large-Cap Growth Fund—I Class

TRLGX

T. Rowe Price Large-Cap Value Fund

TRLUX

T. Rowe Price Large-Cap Value Fund—I Class

TILCX

T. ROWE PRICE EQUITY INCOME FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund

PRFDX

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund—Advisor Class

PAFDX

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund—I Class

REIPX

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund—R Class

RRFDX

T. Rowe Price Equity Income Fund—Z Class

TRZQX

T. ROWE PRICE FINANCIAL SERVICES FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Financial Services Fund

PRISX

T. Rowe Price Financial Services Fund—I Class

TFIFX

T. ROWE PRICE FLOATING RATE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Fund

PRFRX

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Fund—Advisor Class

PAFRX

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Fund—I Class

TFAIX

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Fund—Z Class

TRIZX

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL ALLOCATION FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Global Allocation Fund

RPGAX

T. Rowe Price Global Allocation Fund—Advisor Class

PAFGX

T. Rowe Price Global Allocation Fund—I Class

TGAFX

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL FUNDS, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Global Value Equity Fund

TRGVX

T. Rowe Price Global Value Equity Fund—I Class

PRIGX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Emerging Markets Bond Fund

TREBX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Emerging Markets Equity Fund

IEMFX

T. Rowe Price Institutional International Disciplined Equity Fund

RPICX

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL MULTI-SECTOR BOND FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund

PRSNX

T. Rowe Price Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PRSAX

T. Rowe Price Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund—I Class

PGMSX

2


   

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL REAL ESTATE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Global Real Estate Fund

TRGRX

T. Rowe Price Global Real Estate Fund—Advisor Class

PAGEX

T. Rowe Price Global Real Estate Fund—I Class

TIRGX

T. ROWE PRICE GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Global Technology Fund

PRGTX

T. Rowe Price Global Technology Fund—I Class

PGTIX

T. ROWE PRICE GNMA FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price GNMA Fund

PRGMX

T. Rowe Price GNMA Fund—I Class

PRXAX

T. Rowe Price GNMA Fund—Z Class

TRZGX

T. ROWE PRICE GOVERNMENT MONEY FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Government Money Fund

PRRXX

T. Rowe Price Government Money Fund—I Class

TTGXX

T. ROWE PRICE GROWTH STOCK FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund

PRGFX

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund—Advisor Class

TRSAX

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund—I Class

PRUFX

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund—R Class

RRGSX

T. Rowe Price Growth Stock Fund—Z Class

TRJZX

T. ROWE PRICE HEALTH SCIENCES FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Health Sciences Fund

PRHSX

T. Rowe Price Health Sciences Fund—I Class

THISX

T. ROWE PRICE HIGH YIELD FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price High Yield Fund

PRHYX

T. Rowe Price High Yield Fund—Advisor Class

PAHIX

T. Rowe Price High Yield Fund—I Class

PRHIX

T. Rowe Price High Yield Fund—Z Class

TRKZX

T. Rowe Price U.S. High Yield Fund

TUHYX

T. Rowe Price U.S. High Yield Fund—Advisor Class

TUHAX

T. Rowe Price U.S. High Yield Fund—I Class

TUHIX

T. ROWE PRICE INDEX TRUST, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Equity Index 500 Fund

PREIX

T. Rowe Price Equity Index 500 Fund—I Class

PRUIX

T. Rowe Price Equity Index 500 Fund—Z Class

TRHZX

T. Rowe Price Extended Equity Market Index Fund

PEXMX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Index Fund

TRMNX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Index Fund—I Class

TRMSX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Index Fund—Z Class

TRSZX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Index Fund

TRSYX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Index Fund—I Class

TRCSX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Index Fund—Z Class

TRZIX

T. Rowe Price Total Equity Market Index Fund

POMIX

3


   

T. Rowe Price U.S. Limited Duration TIPS Index Fund

TLDTX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Limited Duration TIPS Index Fund—I Class

TLDUX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Limited Duration TIPS Index Fund—Z Class

TLDZX

T. ROWE PRICE INFLATION PROTECTED BOND FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Inflation Protected Bond Fund

PRIPX

T. Rowe Price Inflation Protected Bond Fund—I Class

TIIPX

T. Rowe Price Inflation Protected Bond Fund—Z Class

TRZHX

T. ROWE PRICE INSTITUTIONAL INCOME FUNDS, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Institutional Floating Rate Fund

RPIFX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Floating Rate Fund—F Class

PFFRX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Floating Rate Fund—Z Class

TRAZX

T. Rowe Price Institutional High Yield Fund

TRHYX

T. Rowe Price Institutional High Yield Fund—Z Class

TRCZX

T. Rowe Price Institutional Long Duration Credit Fund

RPLCX

T. ROWE PRICE INTEGRATED EQUITY FUNDS, INC. (formerly T. ROWE PRICE QUANTITATIVE MANAGEMENT FUNDS, INC.)

 

T. Rowe Price Integrated Global Equity Fund (formerly T. Rowe Price QM Global Equity Fund)

TQGEX

T. Rowe Price Integrated Global Equity Fund—Advisor Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM Global Equity Fund—Advisor Class)

TQGAX

T. Rowe Price Integrated Global Equity Fund—I Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM Global Equity Fund—I Class)

TQGIX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Large-Cap Value Equity Fund (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Value Equity Fund)

TQMVX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Large-Cap Value Equity Fund—Advisor Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Value Equity Fund—Advisor Class)

TQVAX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Large-Cap Value Equity Fund—I Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Value Equity Fund—I Class)

TQVIX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund)

PRDSX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund—Advisor Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund—Advisor Class)

TQAAX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund—I Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund—I Class)

TQAIX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Small-Mid Cap Core Equity Fund (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Small & Mid-Cap Core Equity Fund)

TQSMX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Small-Mid Cap Core Equity Fund—Advisor Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Small & Mid-Cap Core Equity Fund—Advisor Class)

TQSAX

T. Rowe Price Integrated U.S. Small-Mid Cap Core Equity Fund—I Class (formerly T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Small & Mid-Cap Core Equity Fund—I Class)

TQSIX

T. ROWE PRICE INTERMEDIATE TAX-FREE HIGH YIELD FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield Fund

PRIHX

T. Rowe Price Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield Fund—Advisor Class

PRAHX

T. Rowe Price Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield Fund—I Class

TFHAX

T. ROWE PRICE INTERNATIONAL FUNDS, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Africa & Middle East Fund

TRAMX

T. Rowe Price Africa & Middle East Fund—I Class

PRAMX

T. Rowe Price Africa & Middle East Fund—Z Class

TRZMX

4


   

T. Rowe Price Asia Opportunities Fund

TRAOX

T. Rowe Price Asia Opportunities Fund—Advisor Class

PAAOX

T. Rowe Price Asia Opportunities Fund—I Class

TRASX

T. Rowe Price China Evolution Equity Fund

TCELX

T. Rowe Price China Evolution Equity Fund—I Class

TRCLX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Credit Fund

RPIDX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Credit Fund—I Class

RPELX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Credit Fund—Z Class

TRCDX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Global Bond Fund

RPIEX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Global Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PAIEX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Global Bond Fund—I Class

RPEIX

T. Rowe Price Dynamic Global Bond Fund—Z Class

TRDZX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Europe Fund

TREMX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Europe Fund—I Class

TTEEX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Europe Fund—Z Class

TRZEX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Bond Fund

PREMX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PAIKX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Bond Fund—I Class

PRXIX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Bond Fund—Z Class

TREZX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund

TRECX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PACEX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund—I Class

TECIX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Discovery Stock Fund

PRIJX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Discovery Stock Fund—Advisor Class

PAIJX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Discovery Stock Fund—I Class

REVIX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Discovery Stock Fund—Z Class

TRFZX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund

PRELX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PAELX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund—I Class

TEIMX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund—Z Class

TRZFX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Stock Fund

PRMSX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Stock Fund—I Class

PRZIX

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Stock Fund—Z Class

TRGZX

T. Rowe Price European Stock Fund

PRESX

T. Rowe Price European Stock Fund—I Class

TEUIX

T. Rowe Price European Stock Fund—Z Class

TRZPX

T. Rowe Price Global Consumer Fund

PGLOX

T. Rowe Price Global Growth Stock Fund

RPGEX

T. Rowe Price Global Growth Stock Fund—Advisor Class

PAGLX

T. Rowe Price Global Growth Stock Fund—I Class

RGGIX

T. Rowe Price Global High Income Bond Fund

RPIHX

T. Rowe Price Global High Income Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PAIHX

T. Rowe Price Global High Income Bond Fund—I Class

RPOIX

5


   

T. Rowe Price Global Impact Equity Fund

TGPEX

T. Rowe Price Global Impact Equity Fund—I Class

TGBLX

T. Rowe Price Global Industrials Fund

RPGIX

T. Rowe Price Global Industrials Fund—I Class

TRGAX

T. Rowe Price Global Stock Fund

PRGSX

T. Rowe Price Global Stock Fund—Advisor Class

PAGSX

T. Rowe Price Global Stock Fund—I Class

TRGLX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund

RPIBX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PAIBX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund—I Class

RPISX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund—Z Class

TRLZX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund (USD Hedged)

TNIBX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund (USD Hedged)—Advisor Class

TTABX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund (USD Hedged)—I Class

TNBMX

T. Rowe Price International Bond Fund (USD Hedged)—Z Class

TRMZX

T. Rowe Price International Disciplined Equity Fund

PRCNX

T. Rowe Price International Disciplined Equity Fund—Advisor Class

PRNCX

T. Rowe Price International Disciplined Equity Fund—I Class

RICIX

T. Rowe Price International Discovery Fund

PRIDX

T. Rowe Price International Discovery Fund—I Class

TIDDX

T. Rowe Price International Discovery Fund—Z Class

TRZKX

T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund

PRITX

T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund—Advisor Class

PAITX

T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund—I Class

PRIUX

T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund—R Class

RRITX

T. Rowe Price International Stock Fund—Z Class

TRNZX

T. Rowe Price International Value Equity Fund

TRIGX

T. Rowe Price International Value Equity Fund—Advisor Class

PAIGX

T. Rowe Price International Value Equity Fund—I Class

TRTIX

T. Rowe Price International Value Equity Fund—R Class

RRIGX

T. Rowe Price International Value Equity Fund—Z Class

TROZX

T. Rowe Price Japan Fund

PRJPX

T. Rowe Price Japan Fund—I Class

RJAIX

T. Rowe Price Japan Fund—Z Class

TRZJX

T. Rowe Price Latin America Fund

PRLAX

T. Rowe Price Latin America Fund—I Class

RLAIX

T. Rowe Price Latin America Fund—Z Class

TRZYX

T. Rowe Price New Asia Fund

PRASX

T. Rowe Price New Asia Fund—I Class

PNSIX

T. Rowe Price New Asia Fund—Z Class

TRZNX

T. Rowe Price Overseas Stock Fund

TROSX

T. Rowe Price Overseas Stock Fund—Advisor Class

PAEIX

T. Rowe Price Overseas Stock Fund—I Class

TROIX

T. Rowe Price Overseas Stock Fund—Z Class

TRZSX

6


   

T. ROWE PRICE INTERNATIONAL INDEX FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price International Equity Index Fund

PIEQX

T. Rowe Price International Equity Index Fund—Z Class

TLIEX

T. ROWE PRICE LIMITED DURATION INFLATION FOCUSED BOND FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Limited Duration Inflation Focused Bond Fund

TRBFX

T. Rowe Price Limited Duration Inflation Focused Bond Fund—I Class

TRLDX

T. Rowe Price Limited Duration Inflation Focused Bond Fund—Z Class

TRPZX

T. ROWE PRICE MID-CAP GROWTH FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund

RPMGX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund—Advisor Class

PAMCX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund—I Class

RPTIX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund—R Class

RRMGX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Growth Fund—Z Class

TRQZX

T. ROWE PRICE MID-CAP VALUE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund

TRMCX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund—Advisor Class

TAMVX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund—I Class

TRMIX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund—R Class

RRMVX

T. Rowe Price Mid-Cap Value Fund—Z Class

TRTZX

T. ROWE PRICE MULTI-SECTOR ACCOUNT PORTFOLIOS, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Emerging Markets Local Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Floating Rate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price High Yield Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Investment-Grade Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. Rowe Price Mortgage-Backed Securities Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

T. ROWE PRICE MULTI-STRATEGY TOTAL RETURN FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Multi-Strategy Total Return Fund

TMSRX

T. Rowe Price Multi-Strategy Total Return Fund—Advisor Class

TMSAX

T. Rowe Price Multi-Strategy Total Return Fund—I Class

TMSSX

T. ROWE PRICE NEW ERA FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price New Era Fund

PRNEX

T. Rowe Price New Era Fund—I Class

TRNEX

T. ROWE PRICE NEW HORIZONS FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price New Horizons Fund

PRNHX

T. Rowe Price New Horizons Fund—I Class

PRJIX

T. Rowe Price New Horizons Fund—Z Class

TRUZX

T. ROWE PRICE NEW INCOME FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund

PRCIX

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund—Advisor Class

PANIX

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund—I Class

PRXEX

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund—R Class

RRNIX

T. Rowe Price New Income Fund—Z Class

TRVZX

7


   

T. ROWE PRICE QM U.S. BOND INDEX FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Bond Index Fund

PBDIX

T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Bond Index Fund—I Class

TSBLX

T. Rowe Price QM U.S. Bond Index Fund—Z Class

TSBZX

T. ROWE PRICE REAL ASSETS FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Real Assets Fund

PRAFX

T. Rowe Price Real Assets Fund—I Class

PRIKX

T. Rowe Price Real Assets Fund—Z Class

TRZRX

T. ROWE PRICE REAL ESTATE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Real Estate Fund

TRREX

T. Rowe Price Real Estate Fund—Advisor Class

PAREX

T. Rowe Price Real Estate Fund—I Class

TIRRX

T. ROWE PRICE RESERVE INVESTMENT FUNDS, INC. (TRP RESERVE FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price Government Reserve Fund

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Fund

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Government Fund

T. Rowe Price Transition Fund

TTNFX

T. Rowe Price Treasury Reserve Fund

T. ROWE PRICE RETIREMENT FUNDS, INC. (RETIREMENT FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund

TRRFX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund—Advisor Class

PARGX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund—I Class

TRAJX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2005 Fund—R Class

RRTLX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund

TRRAX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund—Advisor Class

PARAX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund—I Class

TRPUX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2010 Fund—R Class

RRTAX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund

TRRGX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund—Advisor Class

PARHX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund—I Class

TRUBX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2015 Fund—R Class

RRTMX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund

TRRBX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund—Advisor Class

PARBX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund—I Class

TRDBX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2020 Fund—R Class

RRTBX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund

TRRHX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund—Advisor Class

PARJX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund—I Class

TREHX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2025 Fund—R Class

RRTNX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund

TRRCX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund—Advisor Class

PARCX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund—I Class

TRFHX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2030 Fund—R Class

RRTCX

8


   

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund

TRRJX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund—Advisor Class

PARKX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund—I Class

TRFJX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2035 Fund—R Class

RRTPX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund

TRRDX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund—Advisor Class

PARDX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund—I Class

TRHDX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2040 Fund—R Class

RRTDX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund

TRRKX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund—Advisor Class

PARLX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund—I Class

TRIKX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2045 Fund—R Class

RRTRX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund

TRRMX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund—Advisor Class

PARFX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund—I Class

TRJLX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2050 Fund—R Class

RRTFX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund

TRRNX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund—Advisor Class

PAROX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund—I Class

TRJMX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2055 Fund—R Class

RRTVX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund

TRRLX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund—Advisor Class

TRRYX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund—I Class

TRLNX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2060 Fund—R Class

TRRZX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2065 Fund

TRSJX

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2065 Fund—Advisor Class

PASUX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2065 Fund—I Class

TRMOX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement 2065 Fund—R Class

RRSUX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund

TRRIX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund—Advisor Class

PARIX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund—I Class

TRJWX

 

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced Fund—R Class

RRTIX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2005 Fund

TBLPX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2005 Fund—I Class

TBLAX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2010 Fund

TBLQX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2010 Fund—I Class

TBLBX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2015 Fund

TBLSX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2015 Fund—I Class

TBLCX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2020 Fund

TSBAX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2020 Fund—I Class

TBLDX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2025 Fund

TBLVX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2025 Fund—I Class

TBLEX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2030 Fund

TBLWX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2030 Fund—I Class

TBLGX

9


   

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2035 Fund

TBLYX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2035 Fund—I Class

TBLHX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2040 Fund

TRBLX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2040 Fund—I Class

TBLIX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2045 Fund

TRBQX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2045 Fund—I Class

TBLKX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2050 Fund

TBLPX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2050 Fund—I Class

TBLAX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2055 Fund

TRBOX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2055 Fund—I Class

TBLMX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2060 Fund

TRBNX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2060 Fund—I Class

TBLNX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2065 Fund

TRBPX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Blend 2065 Fund—I Class

TBLOX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2005 Fund—I Class

TRPFX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2010 Fund—I Class

TRPAX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2015 Fund—I Class

TRFGX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2020 Fund—I Class

TRBRX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2025 Fund—I Class

TRPHX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2030 Fund—I Class

TRPCX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2035 Fund—I Class

TRPJX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2040 Fund—I Class

TRPDX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2045 Fund—I Class

TRPKX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2050 Fund—I Class

TRPMX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2055 Fund—I Class

TRPNX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2060 Fund—I Class

TRPLX

T. Rowe Price Retirement I 2065 Fund—I Class

TRFKX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Balanced I Fund—I Class

TRPTX

T. Rowe Price Retirement Income 2020 Fund

TRLAX

T. Rowe Price Target 2005 Fund

TRARX

T. Rowe Price Target 2005 Fund—Advisor Class

PANRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2005 Fund—I Class

TFRRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2010 Fund

TRROX

T. Rowe Price Target 2010 Fund—Advisor Class

PAERX

T. Rowe Price Target 2010 Fund—I Class

TORFX

T. Rowe Price Target 2015 Fund

TRRTX

T. Rowe Price Target 2015 Fund—Advisor Class

PAHRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2015 Fund—I Class

TTRTX

T. Rowe Price Target 2020 Fund

TRRUX

T. Rowe Price Target 2020 Fund—Advisor Class

PAIRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2020 Fund—I Class

TTURX

T. Rowe Price Target 2025 Fund

TRRVX

T. Rowe Price Target 2025 Fund—Advisor Class

PAJRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2025 Fund—I Class

TRVVX

10


   

T. Rowe Price Target 2030 Fund

TRRWX

T. Rowe Price Target 2030 Fund—Advisor Class

PAKRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2030 Fund—I Class

TWRRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2035 Fund

RPGRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2035 Fund—Advisor Class

PATVX

T. Rowe Price Target 2035 Fund—I Class

TPGPX

T. Rowe Price Target 2040 Fund

TRHRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2040 Fund—Advisor Class

PAHHX

T. Rowe Price Target 2040 Fund—I Class

TRXRX

T. Rowe Price Target 2045 Fund

RPTFX

T. Rowe Price Target 2045 Fund—Advisor Class

PAFFX

T. Rowe Price Target 2045 Fund—I Class

TRFWX

T. Rowe Price Target 2050 Fund

TRFOX

T. Rowe Price Target 2050 Fund—Advisor Class

PAOFX

T. Rowe Price Target 2050 Fund—I Class

TOORX

T. Rowe Price Target 2055 Fund

TRFFX

T. Rowe Price Target 2055 Fund—Advisor Class

PAFTX

T. Rowe Price Target 2055 Fund—I Class

TRPPX

T. Rowe Price Target 2060 Fund

TRTFX

T. Rowe Price Target 2060 Fund—Advisor Class

TRTGX

T. Rowe Price Target 2060 Fund—I Class

TTOIX

T. Rowe Price Target 2065 Fund

PRSLX

T. Rowe Price Target 2065 Fund—Advisor Class

PAZLX

T. Rowe Price Target 2065 Fund—I Class

RPFDX

T. ROWE PRICE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Science & Technology Fund

PRSCX

T. Rowe Price Science & Technology Fund—Advisor Class

PASTX

T. Rowe Price Science & Technology Fund—I Class

TSNIX

T. ROWE PRICE SHORT-TERM BOND FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Short Duration Income Fund

TSDLX

T. Rowe Price Short Duration Income Fund—I Class

TSIDX

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Bond Fund

PRWBX

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Bond Fund—Advisor Class

PASHX

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Bond Fund—I Class

TBSIX

T. Rowe Price Short-Term Bond Fund—Z Class

TRZOX

T. Rowe Price Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund

TRBUX

T. Rowe Price Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund—I Class

TRSTX

T. Rowe Price Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund—Z Class

TRZWX

T. ROWE PRICE SMALL-CAP STOCK FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Stock Fund

OTCFX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Stock Fund—Advisor Class

PASSX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Stock Fund—I Class

OTIIX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Stock Fund—Z Class

TRZZX

11


   

T. ROWE PRICE SMALL-CAP VALUE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Value Fund

PRSVX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Value Fund—Advisor Class

PASVX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Value Fund—I Class

PRVIX

T. Rowe Price Small-Cap Value Fund—Z Class

TRZVX

T. ROWE PRICE SPECTRUM FUND, INC. (SPECTRUM FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Diversified Equity Fund

PRSGX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Diversified Equity Fund—I Class

TSVPX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Income Fund

RPSIX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Income Fund—I Class

TSPNX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum International Equity Fund

PSILX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum International Equity Fund—I Class

TSINX

T. ROWE PRICE SPECTRUM FUNDS II, INC. (SPECTRUM FUNDS II)

 

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Conservative Allocation Fund

PRSIX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Conservative Allocation Fund—I Class

PPIPX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Moderate Allocation Fund

TRPBX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Moderate Allocation Fund—I Class

TRPAX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Moderate Growth Allocation Fund

TRSGX

T. Rowe Price Spectrum Moderate Growth Allocation Fund—I Class

TGIPX

T. ROWE PRICE STATE TAX-FREE FUNDS, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price California Tax-Free Bond Fund

PRXCX

T. Rowe Price California Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TCFEX

T. Rowe Price Georgia Tax-Free Bond Fund

GTFBX

T. Rowe Price Georgia Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TBGAX

T. Rowe Price Maryland Short-Term Tax-Free Bond Fund

PRMDX

T. Rowe Price Maryland Short-Term Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TRMUX

T. Rowe Price Maryland Tax-Free Bond Fund

MDXBX

T. Rowe Price Maryland Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TFBIX

T. Rowe Price Maryland Tax-Free Money Fund

TMDXX

T. Rowe Price Maryland Tax-Free Money Fund—I Class

TWNXX

T. Rowe Price New Jersey Tax-Free Bond Fund

NJTFX

T. Rowe Price New Jersey Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TRJIX

T. Rowe Price New York Tax-Free Bond Fund

PRNYX

T. Rowe Price New York Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TRYIX

T. Rowe Price Virginia Tax-Free Bond Fund

PRVAX

T. Rowe Price Virginia Tax-Free Bond Fund—I Class

TFBVX

T. ROWE PRICE SUMMIT FUNDS, INC. (SUMMIT INCOME FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price Cash Reserves Fund

TSCXX

T. ROWE PRICE SUMMIT MUNICIPAL FUNDS, INC. (SUMMIT MUNICIPAL FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Income Fund

PRINX

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Income Fund—Advisor Class

PAIMX

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Income Fund—I Class

PRIMX

12


   

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund

PRSMX

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund—Advisor Class

PAIFX

T. Rowe Price Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund—I Class

PRTMX

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-EFFICIENT FUNDS, INC. (TAX-EFFICIENT FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price Tax-Efficient Equity Fund

PREFX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Efficient Equity Fund—I Class

TEEFX

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-EXEMPT MONEY FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Tax-Exempt Money Fund

PTEXX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Exempt Money Fund—I Class

TERXX

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-FREE HIGH YIELD FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free High Yield Fund

PRFHX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free High Yield Fund—Advisor Class

PATFX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free High Yield Fund—I Class

PTYIX

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-FREE INCOME FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Income Fund

PRTAX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Income Fund—Advisor Class

PATAX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Income Fund—I Class

TFILX

T. ROWE PRICE TAX-FREE SHORT-INTERMEDIATE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Short-Intermediate Fund

PRFSX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Short-Intermediate Fund—Advisor Class

PATIX

T. Rowe Price Tax-Free Short-Intermediate Fund—I Class

TTSIX

T. ROWE PRICE TOTAL RETURN FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Total Return Fund

PTTFX

T. Rowe Price Total Return Fund—Advisor Class

PTATX

T. Rowe Price Total Return Fund—I Class

PTKIX

T. ROWE PRICE U.S. EQUITY RESEARCH FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price U.S. Equity Research Fund

PRCOX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Equity Research Fund—Advisor Class

PACOX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Equity Research Fund—I Class

PCCOX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Equity Research Fund—R Class

RRCOX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Equity Research Fund—Z Class

PCUZX

T. ROWE PRICE U.S. LARGE-CAP CORE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price U.S. Large-Cap Core Fund

TRULX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Large-Cap Core Fund—Advisor Class

PAULX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Large-Cap Core Fund—I Class

RCLIX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Large-Cap Core Fund—Z Class

TRZLX

T. ROWE PRICE U.S. TREASURY FUNDS, INC. (U.S. TREASURY FUNDS)

 

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Intermediate Index Fund

PRTIX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Intermediate Index Fund—I Class

PRKIX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Intermediate Index Fund—Z Class

TRZTX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Long-Term Index Fund

PRULX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Long-Term Index Fund—I Class

PRUUX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Long-Term Index Fund—Z Class

TRZUX

13


   

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Money Fund

PRTXX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Money Fund—I Class

TRGXX

T. Rowe Price U.S. Treasury Money Fund—Z Class

TRZXX

T. ROWE PRICE VALUE FUND, INC.

 

T. Rowe Price Value Fund

TRVLX

T. Rowe Price Value Fund—Advisor Class

PAVLX

T. Rowe Price Value Fund—I Class

TRPIX

T. Rowe Price Value Fund—Z Class

TRZAX

Mailing Address:

T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc.
100 East Pratt Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21202
1-800-638-5660

This SAI is not a prospectus. It should be read in conjunction with the appropriate current fund prospectus, which may be obtained from T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc. (Investment Services), the Corporation’s principal underwriter (Distributor). If you would like a prospectus or an annual or semiannual shareholder report for a fund, please visit troweprice.com or call 1-800-638-5660 and it will be sent to you at no charge. Please read this material carefully.

The prospectus for each fund is dated as shown above, as such prospectus may be revised from time to time. Capitalized terms used herein that are not defined have the same meaning as in the prospectuses, unless otherwise noted.

The financial statements and Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm of the funds included in each fund’s annual report, when available, are incorporated into this SAI by reference.

14


PART I – TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

   

Management of the Funds

20

Principal Holders of Securities

110

Investment Adviser and Investment Management Agreements

225

Third-Party Arrangements

271

Distributor for the Funds

280

Page

   

Portfolio Transactions

284

Portfolio Turnover

301

Securities Lending Activities

306

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

312

Part II

313

References to the following are as indicated:

Fitch Ratings, Inc. (Fitch)

Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (Code)

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (1940 Act)

Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (Moody’s)

Securities Act of 1933, as amended (1933 Act)

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (1934 Act)

S&P Global Ratings (S&P)

T. Rowe Price Hong Kong Limited (Price Hong Kong)

T. Rowe Price Japan, Inc. (Price Japan)

T. Rowe Price International Ltd (Price International)

T. Rowe Price Investment Management, Inc. (Price Investment Management)

T. Rowe Price Singapore Private Ltd. (Price Singapore)

While many Price Funds are offered in more than one share class, not all Price Funds are offered in the share classes described below. The front cover of each Price Fund’s prospectus indicates which share classes are available for the fund.

Investor Class

The Investor Class is available to individual investors, institutions, and a wide variety of other types of investors. The Investor Class may be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price or through a retirement plan or through a financial intermediary. A Price Fund (other than an institutional fund) that does not indicate a specific share class after its name is considered to be the Investor Class of that fund.

I Class

The I Class requires a $500,000 minimum initial investment per fund per account registration, although the initial investment minimum generally is waived or reduced for financial intermediaries, eligible retirement plans, certain client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority, qualifying directly held accounts, and certain other types of accounts.

Advisor Class

The Advisor Class is designed to be sold through various financial intermediaries, such as broker-dealers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and financial advisors. The Advisor Class must be purchased through an eligible intermediary (except for certain retirement plans held directly with T. Rowe Price). The Advisor Class requires an agreement between the financial intermediary and T. Rowe Price to be executed prior to investment.

R Class

The R Class is designed to be sold only through various third-party intermediaries that offer employer-sponsored defined contribution retirement plans and certain other accounts, including brokers, dealers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and others. The R Class must be purchased through an eligible intermediary (except for certain retirement plans held directly with T. Rowe Price). The R Class requires an agreement between the financial intermediary and T. Rowe Price to be executed prior to investment.

15


Institutional Class

Most of the T. Rowe Price institutional funds are available only in a single share class (referred to as the “Institutional Class”). The institutional funds (other than their F Class shares) generally require a $1 million initial investment minimum, although the minimum may be waived for retirement plans, financial intermediaries maintaining omnibus accounts, and certain other accounts. The Institutional Class is designed for institutional investors, which typically include, but are not limited to: corporations, endowments and foundations, charitable trusts, investment companies and other pooled vehicles, defined benefit and defined contribution retirement plans, broker-dealers, registered investment advisers, banks and bank trust programs, and Section 529 college savings plans. Institutional funds may be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price or through a financial intermediary.

F Class

The F Class is a separate share class of certain institutional funds and is designed to be sold only through financial advisors and certain third-party intermediaries, including brokers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and other financial intermediaries that provide various distribution and administrative services. F Class shares are not intended to be offered by intermediaries through a mutual fund “supermarket” platform. The F Class cannot be purchased directly through T. Rowe Price and must be purchased through a financial intermediary.

Z Class

The Z Class is only available to funds managed by T. Rowe Price and other advisory clients of T. Rowe Price or its affiliates that are subject to a contractual fee for investment management services. The Z Class does not impose sales charges and does not make any administrative fee payments or 12b-1 fee payments to financial intermediaries.

Hedged Equity Fund, Mid-Cap Index Fund, Multi-Sector Account Portfolios, Small-Cap Index Fund, and TRP Reserve Funds

These funds are not available for direct purchase by members of the public. Shares of these funds may only be purchased by or on behalf of mutual funds, Section 529 college savings plans, or certain institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates has discretionary investment authority.

PART I

Below is a table showing the prospectus and shareholder report dates for each fund. Each prospectus and shareholder report includes information on all share classes available for a fund. The table also lists each fund’s category, which should be used to identify groups of funds that are referenced throughout this SAI. The prospectus date shown for each fund reflects the date that the prospectus will be annually updated once the fund has been in operation at its fiscal year-end.

           

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal
Year-End

Annual Report
Date

Semiannual
Report Date

Prospectus
Date

Africa & Middle East Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

All-Cap Opportunities Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Asia Opportunities Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Balanced Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Blue Chip Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

California Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Capital Appreciation Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Cash Reserves Fund

Taxable Money

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

China Evolution Equity Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Communications & Technology Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Corporate Income Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Credit Opportunities Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Diversified Mid-Cap Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Dividend Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Dynamic Credit Fund

Taxable Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Dynamic Global Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Europe Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Emerging Markets Bond Fund

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

16


           

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal
Year-End

Annual Report
Date

Semiannual
Report Date

Prospectus
Date

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Fund

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Discovery Stock Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond Fund

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Local Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Emerging Markets Stock Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Equity Income Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Equity Index 500 Fund

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

European Stock Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Extended Equity Market Index Fund

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Financial Services Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Floating Rate Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Floating Rate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

Taxable Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Georgia Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Global Allocation Fund

Asset Allocation

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Consumer Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Growth Stock Fund

Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global High Income Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Impact Equity Fund

Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Industrials Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Global Real Estate Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Stock Fund

Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Global Technology Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Global Value Equity Fund

Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

GNMA Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Government Money Fund

Taxable Money

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Government Reserve Fund

Taxable Money

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Growth Stock Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Health Sciences Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Hedged Equity Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

High Yield Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

High Yield Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

Taxable Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Inflation Protected Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Institutional Emerging Markets Bond Fund

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Institutional Emerging Markets Equity Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Institutional Floating Rate Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Institutional High Yield Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Institutional International Disciplined Equity Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Institutional Large-Cap Core Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Institutional Long Duration Credit Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Institutional Mid-Cap Equity Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Institutional Small-Cap Stock Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Integrated Global Equity Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Integrated U.S. Large-Cap Value Equity Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

17


           

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal
Year-End

Annual Report
Date

Semiannual
Report Date

Prospectus
Date

Integrated U.S. Small-Cap Growth Equity Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Integrated U.S. Small-Mid Cap Core Equity Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield Fund

Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

International Bond Fund

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

International Bond Fund (USD Hedged)

International Bond

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

International Disciplined Equity Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

International Discovery Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

International Equity Index Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

International Stock Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

International Value Equity Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Investment-Grade Corporate Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

Taxable Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Japan Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Latin America Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Large-Cap Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Large-Cap Value Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Limited Duration Inflation Focused Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Maryland Short-Term Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Maryland Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Maryland Tax-Free Money Fund

State Tax-Free Money

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Mid-Cap Growth Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Mid-Cap Index Fund

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Mid-Cap Value Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Mortgage-Backed Securities Multi-Sector Account Portfolio

Taxable Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Multi-Strategy Total Return Fund

Asset Allocation

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

New Asia Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

New Era Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

New Horizons Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

New Income Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

New Jersey Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

New York Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Overseas Stock Fund

International Equity

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

QM U.S. Bond Index Fund

Index Bond

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Real Assets Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Real Estate Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Retirement 2005 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2010 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2015 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2020 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2025 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2030 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2035 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2040 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2045 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2050 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2055 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2060 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement 2065 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Balanced Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2005 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2010 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

18


           

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal
Year-End

Annual Report
Date

Semiannual
Report Date

Prospectus
Date

Retirement Blend 2015 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2020 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2025 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2030 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2035 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2040 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2045 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2050 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2055 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2060 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Blend 2065 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2005 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2010 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2015 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2020 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2025 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2030 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2035 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2040 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2045 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2050 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2055 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2060 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement I 2065 Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Balanced I Fund—I Class

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Retirement Income 2020 Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Science & Technology Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Short Duration Income Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Short-Term Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Short-Term Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Short-Term Government Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Small-Cap Index Fund

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Small-Cap Stock Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Small-Cap Value Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Spectrum Conservative Allocation Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Spectrum Diversified Equity Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Spectrum Income Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Spectrum International Equity Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Spectrum Moderate Allocation Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Spectrum Moderate Growth Allocation Fund

Asset Allocation

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Summit Municipal Income Fund

Tax-Free Bond

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund

Tax-Free Bond

Oct 31

Oct 31

Apr 30

March 1

Target 2005 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2010 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2015 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2020 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2025 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2030 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2035 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2040 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2045 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2050 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2055 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

19


           

Fund

Fund Category

Fiscal
Year-End

Annual Report
Date

Semiannual
Report Date

Prospectus
Date

Target 2060 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Target 2065 Fund

Asset Allocation

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Tax-Efficient Equity Fund

Equity

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Tax-Exempt Money Fund

Tax-Free Money

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Tax-Free High Yield Fund

Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Tax-Free Income Fund

Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Tax-Free Short-Intermediate Fund

Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

Total Equity Market Index Fund

Index Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Total Return Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Transition Fund

Other

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Treasury Reserve Fund

Taxable Money

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

U.S. Equity Research Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

U.S. High Yield Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

U.S. Large-Cap Core Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

U.S. Limited Duration TIPS Index Fund

Index Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

U.S. Treasury Intermediate Index Fund

Index Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

U.S. Treasury Long-Term Index Fund

Index Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

U.S. Treasury Money Fund

Taxable Money

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Ultra Short-Term Bond Fund

Taxable Bond

May 31

May 31

Nov 30

Oct 1

Value Fund

Equity

Dec 31

Dec 31

June 30

May 1

Virginia Tax-Free Bond Fund

State Tax-Free Bond

Feb 28

Feb 28

Aug 30

July 1

MANAGEMENT OF THE FUNDS

The officers and directors of the Price Funds are listed on the following pages. Unless otherwise noted, the address of each officer and director is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202.

Each fund is overseen by a Board of Directors (Board) that meets regularly to review a wide variety of matters affecting or potentially affecting the funds, including performance, investment programs, compliance matters, advisory fees and expenses, service providers, and business and regulatory affairs. The Boards elect the funds’ officers and are responsible for performing various duties imposed on them by the 1940 Act, the laws of Maryland, and other applicable laws. The directors who are also employees or officers of T. Rowe Price are considered to be “interested” directors as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the 1940 Act because of their relationships with T. Rowe Price and its affiliates. Each interested director and officer (except as indicated in the tables setting forth the directors’ and officers’ principal occupations during the past five years) has been an employee of T. Rowe Price or its affiliates for five or more years. The Boards held five regularly scheduled formal meetings during calendar year 2022. The same directors currently serve on the Board of all the exchange-traded funds sponsored and managed by T. Rowe Price (such exchange-traded funds, the “Price ETFs,” and together with the Price Funds, the (Price Complex). Although the Boards have direct responsibility over various matters (such as approval of advisory contracts and review of fund performance), each Board also exercises certain of its oversight responsibilities through several committees that it has established and which report back to the full Boards. The Boards believe that a committee structure is an effective means to permit directors to focus on particular operations or issues affecting the funds, including risk oversight. Each Board currently has three standing committees that are joint with the board of the Price ETFs (hereinafter referred to as “Joint” committees): a Joint Nominating and Governance Committee, a Joint Audit Committee, and a Joint Executive Committee.

Robert J. Gerrard, Jr., an independent director, serves as the chair of the Board of each Price Fund. The chair presides at all meetings of the Boards and all executive sessions of the independent directors. He also reviews and provides guidance on Board meeting agendas and materials, and typically represents the independent directors in discussions with T. Rowe Price management. Each fund’s Board has determined that its leadership and committee structure is appropriate because the Board believes that it sets the proper tone for the relationship between the fund, on the one hand, and T. Rowe Price or its affiliates and the fund’s other principal service providers, on the other, and facilitates the exercise of the Board’s independent judgment in evaluating and managing the relationships. In addition, the structure efficiently allocates

20


responsibility among committees and the full Boards. The same independent directors currently serve on the Boards of all of the Price Funds. This approach is designed to provide effective governance by exposing the independent directors to a wider range of business issues and market trends, allowing the directors to better share their knowledge, background, and experience and permitting the Boards to operate more efficiently, particularly with respect to matters common to all Price Funds.

The Joint Nominating and Governance Committee consists of all of the independent directors of the funds, and is responsible for, among other things, seeking, reviewing, and selecting candidates to fill independent director vacancies on each fund’s Board; periodically evaluating the compensation payable to the independent directors; and performing certain functions with respect to the governance of the funds. The chair of the Board of the Price Funds serves as chair of the committee. The committee will consider written recommendations from shareholders for possible nominees for independent directors. Nominees will be considered based on their ability to review critically, evaluate, question, and discuss information provided to them; to interact effectively with the funds’ management and counsel and the various service providers to the funds; and to exercise reasonable business judgment in the performance of their duties as directors. The Joint Nominating and Governance Committee seeks to ensure that the Board is comprised of independent directors who bring diverse perspectives to the Board, including diverse experiences, backgrounds, race, ethnicity, gender, qualifications, skills, thoughts, viewpoints, and other qualities. Nominees will also be considered based on their independence from T. Rowe Price and other principal service providers. Other than executive sessions in connection with Board meetings, the Joint Nominating and Governance Committee formally met one time in 2022.

The Joint Audit Committee consists of only independent directors. The current members of the committee are Teresa Bryce Bazemore, Robert J. Gerrard, Jr., Paul F. McBride, and Kellye L. Walker. Ms. Bazemore serves as chair of the committee and is considered an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of applicable SEC rules. The Joint Audit Committee oversees the pricing processes for the Price Funds and holds at least three regular meetings during each fiscal year. Each of the three regular meetings include the attendance of the independent registered public accounting firm of the Price Funds as the Joint Audit Committee reviews: (1) the services provided; (2) the findings of the most recent audits; (3) management’s response to the findings of the most recent audits; (4) the scope of the audits to be performed; (5) the accountants’ fees; (6) the qualifications, independence, and performance of the independent registered public accounting firm; and (7) any accounting questions relating to particular areas of the T. Rowe Price Funds’ operations, accounting service provider performance, or the operations of parties dealing with the T. Rowe Price Funds, as circumstances indicate. The Joint Audit Committee also reviews the risk management program of the funds’ investment adviser and valuation-related materials and reports provide by the funds’ valuation designee. The Joint Audit Committee met four times in 2022.

The Joint Executive Committee, which consists of each fund’s interested directors, has been authorized by the Boards to exercise all powers of the Boards in the intervals between regular meetings of the Boards, except for those powers prohibited by statute from being delegated. All actions of the Joint Executive Committee must be approved in advance by the independent chair of the Board (and if the independent chair is unavailable, consult an independent director of the Board) and reviewed after the fact by the full Board. The Joint Executive Committee does not hold regularly scheduled meetings. The Joint Executive Committee was called upon one time to take action on behalf of the funds during 2022.

From time to time, the independent directors may create a special committee (Special Committee) or an ad hoc working group comprised of independent directors, whose purpose is to review certain limited topics that require in-depth consideration outside of the Boards’ regular review.

Like other investment companies, the Price Funds are subject to various risks, including, among others, investment, compliance, operational, and valuation risks. The Boards oversee risk as part of their oversight of the funds. Risk oversight is addressed as part of various Board and committee activities. Each Board, directly or through its committees, interacts with and reviews reports from, among others, the investment adviser or its affiliates, the funds’ chief compliance officer, the adviser’s liquidity committee, the derivatives risk manager, the funds’ independent registered public accounting firm, legal counsel, and internal auditors for T. Rowe Price or its affiliates, as appropriate, regarding risks the funds face and the risk management programs of the investment adviser and certain other service providers. Also, the Joint Audit Committee receives periodic reports from the chief risk officer and members of the adviser’s Risk and Operational Steering Committee on the significant risks inherent to the adviser’s business, including aggregate investment risks, reputational risk, business continuity risk, technology and cybersecurity risk, and operational risk. The actual day-to-day risk management functions with respect to the funds are subsumed within the responsibilities of the investment adviser, its affiliates that serve as

21


investment subadvisers to the funds, and other service providers (depending on the nature of the risk) that carry out the funds’ investment management and business affairs. Although the risk management policies of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates, and the funds’ other service providers, are reasonably designed to be effective, those policies and their implementation vary among service providers over time, and there is no guarantee that they will always be effective.

Each director’s experience, qualifications, attributes, or skills, on an individual basis and in combination with those of the other directors, have led to the conclusion that each director should serve on the Boards of the Price Funds. Attributes common to all directors include the ability to review critically, evaluate, question, and discuss information provided to them; to interact effectively with the funds’ management and counsel and the various service providers to the funds; and to exercise reasonable business judgment in the performance of their duties as directors. In addition, the actual service and commitment of the directors during their tenure on the funds’ Boards is taken into consideration in concluding that each should continue to serve. A director’s ability to perform his or her duties effectively may have been attained through his or her educational background or professional training; business, consulting, public service, or academic positions; experience from service as a director of the Price Funds, public companies, nonprofit entities, or other organizations; or other experiences. Each director brings a diverse perspective to the Boards.

Set forth below is a brief discussion of the specific experience, qualifications, attributes, or skills of each current director or Advisory Board member that led to the conclusion that he or she should serve as a director or Advisory Board member.

Teresa Bryce Bazemore has more than 25 years of experience as a senior executive in the mortgage banking field, including building both mortgage insurance and services businesses. Ms. Bazemore currently serves as president and chief executive officer of the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco (March 2021 to present); a director of First Industrial Realty Trust, an owner and operator of industrial properties (May 2020 to present); a director of Public Media Company (2008 to present); and a trustee of the Southern California chapter of the International Women’s Forum (January 2021 to present). She previously served as chief executive officer of Bazemore Consulting LLC (2018 to 2021); a director of Chimera Investment Corporation, a publicly traded mortgage REIT (November 2017 to February 2021); a director of the University of Virginia Foundation (July 2014 to June 2022); a member of the University of Virginia’s Center for Politics Advisory Board (October 2019 to July 2022); a president of Radian Guaranty, a national private mortgage insurer (2008 to 2017); and a director of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (August 2017 to February 2019). She has been an independent director of the Price Funds since January 2018 and became the chair of the Joint Audit Committee in August 2019. Ms. Bazemore has a J.D. from Columbia University and a B.A. from the University of Virginia.

Melody Bianchetto is an accomplished finance professional with over 30 years of experience. She served as vice president for finance at the University of Virginia (UVA) from 2015 until her retirement in February 2023, with oversight of key financial activities, including tax, accounting, financial reporting, debt and cash management, procurement, payroll, financial planning, and enterprise risk management. Prior to that, she led UVA’s financial planning and analysis function from 1998 to 2015. Ms. Bianchetto earned a B.S. in commerce with a concentration in accounting from UVA and an M.B.A. from James Madison University. She is also a licensed Certified Public Accountant. Ms. Bianchetto has been an independent director of the Price Funds since July 24, 2023.

Bruce W. Duncan has substantial experience in the field of commercial real estate. Mr. Duncan served as president, chief executive officer, and a director of CyrusOne, Inc., a real estate investment trust specializing in engineering, building, and managing data centers, from July 2020 to July 2021. He served as chair of the board of First Industrial Realty Trust from January 2016 until July 2020, president and chief executive officer from January 2009 until September 2016, and chief executive officer until December 2016. Mr. Duncan served as a senior advisor to KKR from November 2018 to December 2022. In May 2016, Mr. Duncan became a member of the board of Boston Properties, and he is currently a member of the nominating and governance committee and is a member of the audit committee of Boston Properties. From September 2016 until July 2020, Mr. Duncan served as a member of the board of Marriott International, Inc. He has been an independent director of the Price Funds since October 2013; in September 2014, he became a member of the Joint Audit Committee until August 2019 and served as chair of the Joint Audit Committee from July 2017 to August 2019. Mr. Duncan holds an M.B.A. in finance from the University of Chicago and a B.A. in economics from Kenyon College.

Robert J. Gerrard, Jr. has served as chair of the Boards of all Price Funds since July 2018. He has been an independent director of certain Price Funds since 2012 (and all Price Funds since October 2013), and served as the chair of the Joint Audit Committee from September 2014 to July 2017. He became chair of the Price Funds in July 2018 and became a member of the Joint Audit Committee in August 2019. He has substantial legal and business experience in the industries relating to communications and interactive data services. He has served on the board and compensation committee for

22


Syniverse Holdings and served as general counsel to Scripps Networks. Mr. Gerrard earned a J.D. from Harvard Law School and an A.B. from Harvard College.

Paul F. McBride has served in various management and senior leadership roles with the Black & Decker Corporation and General Electric Company. He led businesses in the materials, industrial, and consumer durable segments, and has significant global experience. He serves on the advisory board of Vizzia Technologies as well as Gilman School and Bridges Baltimore. He has been an independent director of the Price Funds since October 2013; served as a member of the Joint Audit Committee from September 2014 to August 2019; and became a member of the Joint Audit Committee in February 2022. Mr. McBride received a B.A. in economics from Trinity College in Hartford, CT.

Mark J. Parrell has been chief executive officer and a member of the Board of Trustees of Equity Residential (EQR) since January 2019 and president of EQR since September 2018. Mr. Parrell served as executive vice president and chief financial officer of EQR from October 2007 to September 2018. Mr. Parrell was senior vice president and treasurer of EQR from August 2005 to October 2007, and has held various positions within the EQR finance group since September 1999. He served as director of Brookdale Senior Living Inc., a leading operator of senior living communities throughout the United States, from April 2015 to July 2017, and served as a director of Aviv REIT, Inc., a real estate investment trust, from March 2013 until April 2015, when it merged with Omega Healthcare. Mr. Parrell has served on the Board of Directors of the Real Estate Roundtable since July 2021, and the Executive Board of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (Nareit) since November 2021. He is a member of the Nareit Dividends Through Diversity, Equity & Inclusion CEO Council and was chair of the Nareit 2021 Audit and Investment Committee. He is a member of the Advisory Board for the Ross Business School at University of Michigan, and is a member of the National Multifamily Housing Council and served as the chair of the Finance Committee in 2015 to 2016. Mr. Parrell also has served on the Board of Directors and has been chair of the Finance Committee of the Greater Chicago Food Depository since July 2017, and is a member of the Economic Club of Chicago. Mr. Parrell received a B.B.A. from the University of Michigan and a J.D. from the Georgetown University Law Center. Mr. Parrell has been an independent director of the Price Funds since July 24, 2023.

David Oestreicher has served as an interested director of all Price Funds since July 2018. He is the general counsel for T. Rowe Price Group, Inc. and a member of the firm’s management committee. Mr. Oestreicher serves as a member of the Board of Governors for the Investment Company Institute (ICI), and previously served as the chair of the ICI’s international committee. He is on the Mutual Insurance Company Board of Governors, where he serves as a member of its executive committee and chair of its risk management committee. He also served on the board of the Investment Adviser Association and was a past chair of its legal and regulatory committee. Before joining T. Rowe Price in 1997, Mr. Oestreicher was special counsel in the Division of Market Regulation with the SEC. Mr. Oestreicher earned a B.S. in business administration from Bucknell University and a J.D. from Villanova University School of Law.

Eric L. Veiel has served as an interested director of all Price Funds since February 2022. He is the head of Global Equity and chief investment officer, chair of the Investment Management Steering Committee, and a member of the Management, Equity Steering, International Steering, Multi-Asset Steering, Product Steering, and Management Compensation and Development Committees. Mr. Veiel’s investment experience began in 1999. Prior to joining T. Rowe Price, he spent six years as a sell-side equity analyst, covering health insurers and pharmacy benefit managers at Wachovia Securities, Deutsche Bank Securities, and A.G. Edwards & Sons. He has been with T. Rowe Price since 2005, beginning in the Equity Division as an investment analyst covering life insurance companies, asset managers, money-centered banks, and investment banks. From 2010 to 2014, he was the portfolio manager of the Financial Services Equity Strategy and the financial services sector team leader. He served as a co-director of Equity Research for North America from 2014 to 2015 and co-portfolio manager of the US Equity Structured Research Strategy from 2015 to 2017. Most recently, from 2016 to 2021, he was co-head of Global Equity and head of U.S. Equity. Mr. Veiel earned a B.B.A., magna cum laude, in finance from James Madison University and an M.B.A., with concentrations in finance and accounting, from Washington University in St. Louis, John M. Olin School of Business, where he was a Charles F. Knight Scholar. He also has earned the Chartered Financial Analyst® designation.

Kellye L. Walker is executive vice president, chief legal officer, and corporate secretary of Eastman Chemical Company. She is a seasoned senior executive with over 25 years of experience helping publicly traded companies increase value through forward thinking, strategic discipline, and a focus on continuous improvement. Her experience includes leading law departments, as well as other functions including compliance; government affairs; human resources; health, safety, environment and security; and information technology. Ms. Walker received a B.S. from Louisiana Tech University and a

23


J.D. from Emory University School of Law. Ms. Walker was appointed as an independent director of the Price Funds on November 8, 2021.

In addition, the following tables provide biographical information for the directors or Advisory Board members, along with their principal occupations and any directorships they have held of public companies and other investment companies during the past five years. Each director who is not an interested person (as defined in the 1940 Act) of the fund is referred to herein as an independent director.

Independent Directors(a)

     

Name, Year of Birth, and Number
of Portfolios in Fund Complex
Overseen by Director

Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years

Directorships of Public
Companies and Other Investment Companies During Past Five Years

Teresa Bryce Bazemore

1959

213 portfolios

President and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco (2021 to present); Chief Executive Officer, Bazemore Consulting LLC (2018 to 2021)

Chimera Investment Corporation (2017 to 2021); First Industrial Realty Trust (2020 to present); Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (2017 to 2019)

Melody Bianchetto

1966

213 portfolios

Advisory Board member; Vice President for Finance, University of Virginia (2015 to 2023)

None

Bruce W. Duncan

1951

213 portfolios

President, Chief Executive Officer, and Director, CyrusOne, Inc. (2020 to 2021); Chair of the Board (2016 to 2020), and President (2009 to 2016), First Industrial Realty Trust, owner and operator of industrial properties; Member, Investment Company Institute Board of Governors (2017 to 2019); Member, Independent Directors Council Governing Board (2017 to 2019); Senior Advisor, KKR (2018 to 2022)

CyrusOne, Inc. (2020 to 2021); First Industrial Realty Trust (2016 to 2020); Boston Properties (2016 to present); Marriott International, Inc. (2016 to 2020)

Robert J. Gerrard, Jr.

1952

213 portfolios

Chair of the Board, all funds (July 2018 to present)

None

Paul F. McBride

1956

213 portfolios

Advisory Board Member, Vizzia Technologies (2015 to present); Board Member, Dunbar Armored (2012 to 2018)

None

Mark J. Parrell

1966

213 portfolios

Advisory Board Member; Member of the Board of Trustees, Chief Executive Officer (2019 to present) and President, EQR (2018 to present); Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, EQR (2007 to 2018); Senior Vice President and Treasurer, EQR (2005 to 2007); Member, Nareit Dividends Through Diversity, Equity & Inclusion CEO Council and Chair, Nareit 2021 Audit and Investment Committee (2021); Advisory Board, Ross Business School at University of Michigan (2015 to 2016); Member, National Multifamily Housing Council and served as the Chair of the Finance Committee, (2015 to 2016); Member of the Economic Club of Chicago

EQR (2019 to present); Brookdale Senior Living Inc. (2015 to 2017); Aviv REIT, Inc. (2013 to 2015); Real Estate Roundtable and the 2022 Executive Board Nareit; Board of Directors and is Chair of the Finance Committee of the Greater Chicago Food Depository

Kellye L. Walker

1966

213 portfolios

Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer, Eastman Chemical Company (April 2020 to present); Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer, Huntington Ingalls Industries, Inc. (January 2015 to March 2020)

Lincoln Electric Company (October 2020 to present)

(a) All information about the independent directors was current as of December 31, 2022, unless otherwise indicated, except for the number of portfolios overseen, which is current as of the date of this SAI.

Interested Directors(a)

The following persons are considered interested directors of the funds because they also serve as employees of T. Rowe Price or its affiliates. No more than two interested directors serve as directors of any fund.

The Boards invite nominations from the funds’ investment adviser for persons to serve as interested directors, and the Board reviews and approves these nominations. Each of the current interested directors is a senior executive officer of

24


T. Rowe Price and T. Rowe Price Group, Inc., as well as certain of their affiliates. David Oestreicher has served as an interested director of all Price Funds since July 2018. Eric L. Veiel has served as an interested director of all Price Funds since February 2022. For each fund, the two interested directors serve as members of the fund’s Executive Committee. In addition, specific experience with respect to the interested directors’ principal occupations and any directorships they have held of public companies and other investment companies during the past five years are set forth in the following table.

     

Name, Year of Birth, and Number
of Portfolios in Fund Complex
Overseen by Director

Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years

Directorships of Public
Companies and Other Investment Companies During Past Five Years

David Oestreicher

1967

213 portfolios

Director, Vice President, and Secretary, T. Rowe Price, T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc., T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services, Inc., and T. Rowe Price Services, Inc.; Director and Secretary, Price Investment Management; Vice President and Secretary, Price International; Vice President, Price Hong Kong, Price Japan, and Price Singapore; General Counsel, Vice President, and Secretary, T. Rowe Price Group, Inc.; Chair of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, President, and Secretary, T. Rowe Price Trust Company

Principal Executive Officer and Executive Vice President, all funds

None

Eric L. Veiel, CFA

1972

213 portfolios

Director and Vice President, T. Rowe Price; Vice President, T. Rowe Price Group, Inc. and T. Rowe Price Trust Company

Vice President, Global Funds

None

(a) All information about the interested directors was current as of December 31, 2022, unless otherwise indicated, except for the number of portfolios overseen, which is current as of the date of this SAI.

Funds-of-Funds Arrangements

The Board is responsible for overseeing the business and affairs of the T. Rowe Price Funds-of-Funds, which consist of the following: Spectrum Diversified Equity Fund, Spectrum Income Fund, and Spectrum International Equity Fund (collectively, the “Spectrum Funds”); Retirement 2005 Fund, Retirement 2010 Fund, Retirement 2015 Fund, Retirement 2020 Fund, Retirement 2025 Fund, Retirement 2030 Fund, Retirement 2035 Fund, Retirement 2040 Fund, Retirement 2045 Fund, Retirement 2050 Fund, Retirement 2055 Fund, Retirement 2060 Fund, Retirement 2065 Fund, and Retirement Balanced Fund, and their respective share classes (collectively, the “RDFs”); Retirement Blend 2005 Fund, Retirement Blend 2010 Fund, Retirement Blend 2015 Fund, Retirement Blend 2020 Fund, Retirement Blend 2025 Fund, Retirement Blend 2030 Fund, Retirement Blend 2035 Fund, Retirement Blend 2040 Fund, Retirement Blend 2045 Fund, Retirement Blend 2050 Fund, Retirement Blend 2055 Fund, Retirement Blend 2060 Fund, Retirement Blend 2065 Fund (collectively the “Retirement Blend Funds”); Retirement I 2005 Fund, Retirement I 2010 Fund, Retirement I 2015 Fund, Retirement I 2020 Fund, Retirement I 2025 Fund, Retirement I 2030 Fund, Retirement I 2035 Fund, Retirement I 2040 Fund, Retirement I 2045 Fund, Retirement I 2050 Fund, Retirement I 2055 Fund, Retirement I 2060 Fund, Retirement I 2065 Fund, and Retirement Balanced I Fund (collectively the, “Retirement I Funds”); Retirement Income 2020 Fund; and Target 2005 Fund, Target 2010 Fund, Target 2015 Fund, Target 2020 Fund, Target 2025 Fund, Target 2030 Fund, Target 2035 Fund, Target 2040 Fund, Target 2045 Fund, Target 2050 Fund, Target 2055 Fund, Target 2060 Fund, and Target 2065 Fund and their respective share classes (collectively, the “TRFs”). The Spectrum Funds, RDFs, Retirement Blend Funds, Retirement I Funds, Retirement Income 2020 Fund, and TRFs are referred to collectively as “Funds-of-Funds” and each fund individually as a “Fund-of-Funds,” and where the policies that apply to the RDFs, Retirement Blend Funds, Retirement I Funds, Retirement Income 2020 Fund, and TRFs are identical, the RDFs, Retirement Blend Funds, Retirement I Funds, Retirement Income 2020 Fund, and TRFs may be referred to collectively as “Target Date Funds.”

A majority of the directors of the Funds-of-Funds are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates. However, the directors and officers of the Funds-of-Funds and certain directors and officers of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates also serve in similar positions with most of the various Price Funds in which the Fund-of-Funds invest (collectively, the “underlying Price Funds”). Thus, if the interests of the Funds-of-Funds and the underlying Price Funds were ever to become divergent, it is possible that a conflict of interest could arise and affect how this latter group of persons fulfill their fiduciary duties to the Funds-of-Funds and the underlying Price Funds. The directors of the Funds-of-Funds believe they have structured the

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Funds-of Funds to avoid these concerns. However, a situation could conceivably occur where proper action for the Funds-of-Funds could be adverse to the interests of an underlying Price Fund, or the reverse could occur. If the possibility of such a situation arises, the directors and officers of the affected funds and the directors and officers of T. Rowe Price will carefully analyze the situation and take all steps they believe reasonable to minimize and, where possible, eliminate the potential conflict or adverse impacts. For example, the Fund-of-Funds may add or remove underlying Price Funds from their list of permissible investments, change their asset allocations among the underlying Price Funds, or change their investments in the underlying Price Funds to a different share class, any of which could cause large redemptions or purchases in the underlying Price Funds. These actions could increase a Fund-of-Fund’s capital gains distributions, which may be taxable to shareholders who do not hold the Fund-of-Fund in a tax-deferred account, or have an adverse impact on an underlying Price Fund, including increasing the underlying Price Fund’s capital gains, portfolio turnover, and transaction costs. Such actions could also cause the underlying Price Fund to sell securities or invest additional cash at disadvantageous prices. In addition, changing an investment in an underlying Price Fund to a different share class of the underlying Price Fund could cause an increase to the expense ratio of one or more of the underlying Price Fund’s share classes. In an effort to minimize any potential adverse impacts on the underlying Price Funds, a Fund-of-Funds may purchase or redeem its shares of an underlying Price Fund gradually over time or seek to effect redemptions of shares in-kind when possible.

Term of Office and Length of Time Served

The directors serve until retirement, resignation, or election of a successor. The following table shows the year from which each director has served on each fund’s Board (or that of the corporation of which the fund is a series of).

                 

Corporation

Number of Portfolios

Independent Directors

Bianchetto

Bazemore

Duncan

Gerrard

McBride

Parrell

Walker

All-Cap Opportunities Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Balanced Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Blue Chip Growth Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Capital Appreciation Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Communications & Technology Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Corporate Income Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023

2021

Credit Opportunities Fund

1

2023

2018

2014

2014

2014

2023

2021

Diversified Mid-Cap Growth Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Dividend Growth Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Equity Funds

6

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Equity Income Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Financial Services Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Floating Rate Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023

2021

Global Allocation Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023

2021

Global Funds

4

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Global Multi-Sector Bond Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023

2021

Global Real Estate Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Global Technology Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

GNMA Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023

2021

Government Money Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023

2021

Growth Stock Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

Health Sciences Fund

1

2023

2018

2013

2012

2013

2023

2021

High Yield Fund

2

2023

2018

2013

2013

2013

2023