ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I

 

Table of Contents

 

  Page 
Part I.  
Item 1. Business. 1
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors. 17
   
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments. 17
   
Item 2. Properties. 17
   
Item 3. Legal Proceedings. 17
   
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. 17
   
Part II.  
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities. 18
   
Item 6. Reserved. 19
   
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 19
   
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 32
   
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. 33
   
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure. 59
   
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures. 59
   
Item 9B. Other Information. 59
   
Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections. 59
   
Part III.  
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance. 60
   
Item 11. Executive Compensation. 61
   
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters. 62
   
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence. 62
   
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services. 62
   
Part IV.  
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules. 63
   
Exhibit Index. 63
   
Signatures. 65

 

i

 

 

Part I

 

Item 1. Business

 

The Trust and the Funds

 

ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I (the “Trust”) was organized as a Delaware statutory trust on July 23, 2014. The Trust is a series trust formed pursuant to the Delaware Statutory Trust Act and currently includes two separate series: (i) Breakwave Dry Bulk Shipping ETF (“BDRY”), which is a commodity pool that continuously issues shares of beneficial interest that may be purchased and sold on the NYSE Arca, Inc. stock exchange (“NYSE Arca”), and (ii) Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF (“BWET,” and together with BDRY, each, a “Fund” and collectively, the “Funds”), which is also a commodity pool that continuously issues shares of beneficial interest that may be purchased and sold on NYSE Arca.

 

BDRY commenced investment operations on March 22, 2018. BDRY commenced trading on NYSE Arca on March 22, 2018 and trades under the symbol “BDRY.” BWET commenced investment operations on May 3, 2023. BWET commenced trading on the NYSE Arca on May 3, 2023 and trades under the symbol “BWET.”

 

The principal office of the Trust and the Funds is located at 30 Maple Street, Suite 2, Summit, NJ 07901. The telephone number is (844) 383-6477.

 

The Sponsor

 

The Funds are each managed and controlled by ETF Managers Capital LLC (the “Sponsor”), a single member limited liability company that was formed in the state of Delaware on June 12, 2014. Each Fund pays the Sponsor a management fee. The Sponsor maintains its main business office at 30 Maple Street, Suite 2, Summit, NJ 07901. The Sponsor’s telephone number is (844) 383-6477.

 

The Funds are each a “commodity pool” as defined by the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”). Consequently, the Sponsor has registered as a commodity pool operator (“CPO”) with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) and is a member of the National Futures Association (“NFA”).

 

The Sponsor is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Exchange Traded Managers Group LLC (“ETFMG”), a limited liability company domiciled and headquartered in New Jersey.

  

Breakwave Dry Bulk Shipping ETF

 

BDRY Investment Objective

 

BDRY’s investment objective is to provide investors with exposure to the daily change in the price of dry bulk freight futures by tracking the performance of a portfolio (the “BDRY Benchmark Portfolio” ) consisting of exchange-cleared futures contracts on the cost of shipping dry bulk freight (“Dry Freight Futures”). BDRY seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing substantially all of its assets in the Dry Freight Futures currently constituting the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio.

 

The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave Advisors LLC (“Breakwave”), which also serves as BDRY’s Commodity Trading Advisor (“CTA”). The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave and will be rebalanced annually.

 

BDRY Commodity Trading Advisor

 

Breakwave serves as BDRY’s CTA. Breakwave is a Delaware limited liability company.

 

Breakwave is registered as a CTA with the CFTC and is a member of the NFA.

 

Breakwave provides its services to BDRY under a Services Agreement with the Sponsor. Under this agreement, Breakwave has agreed to compose and maintain the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio and license to the Sponsor the use of the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio.

 

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BDRY Investing Strategy

 

BDRY seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing substantially all of its assets in the Dry Freight Futures currently constituting the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio will include all existing positions to maturity and settle them in cash. During any given calendar quarter, the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio will progressively increase its position to the next calendar quarter three-month strip, thus maintaining constant exposure to the Dry Freight Futures market as positions mature.

 

The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio will maintain long-only positions in Dry Freight Futures. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio will include a combination of Capesize, Panamax and Supramax Dry Freight Futures. More specifically, the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio will include 50% exposure in Capesize Dry Freight Futures contracts, 40% exposure in Panamax Dry Freight Futures contracts and 10% exposure in Supramax Dry Freight Futures contracts. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio will not include and BDRY will not invest in swaps, non-cleared dry bulk freight forwards or other over-the-counter derivative instruments that are not cleared through exchanges or clearing houses. BDRY may hold exchange-traded options on Dry Freight Futures. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave and will be rebalanced annually. The Dry Freight Futures currently constituting the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio, as well as the daily holdings of BDRY will be available on BDRY’s website at www.drybulketf.com.

 

When establishing positions in Dry Freight Futures, BDRY will be required to deposit initial margin with a value of approximately 10% to 40% of the notional value of each Dry Freight Futures position at the time it is established. These margin requirements are established and subject to change from time to time by the relevant exchanges, clearing houses or BDRY’s futures commission merchant (“FCM”). On a daily basis, BDRY will be obligated to pay, or entitled to receive, variation margin in an amount equal to the change in the daily settlement level of its Dry Freight Futures positions. Any assets not required to be posted as margin with BDRY’s FCM will generally be held at BDRY’s custodian in cash or cash equivalents, as discussed below.

 

BDRY will hold cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasuries or other high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities for direct investment and for other liquidity purposes and to meet redemptions that may be necessary on an ongoing basis. BDRY may also realize interest income from its holdings in U.S. Treasuries or other market rate instruments.

  

BDRY Benchmark Portfolio

 

The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave, which also serves as BDRY’s CTA. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio consists of the Dry Freight Futures, which are a three-month strip of the nearest calendar quarter of futures contracts on specified indexes (each a “Reference Index”) that measure rates for shipping dry bulk freight. Each Reference Index is published each United Kingdom business day by the London-based Baltic Exchange Ltd. (the “Baltic Exchange”) and measures the charter rate for shipping dry bulk freight in a specific size category of cargo ship - Capesize, Panamax or Supramax. The three Reference Indexes are as follows:

 

  Capesize: the Capesize 5TC Index;

 

Panamax: the Panamax 4TC Index; and

 

Supramax: the Supramax 10TC Index.

 

The Dry Freight Futures currently constituting the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio as of June 30, 2023 include:

 

Name   Ticker   Market
Value USD
 
BALTIC CAPESIZE TIME CHARTER - JUL 23   BFFATC N23 Index   $ 9,552,340  
BALTIC CAPESIZE TIME CHARTER - AUG 23   BFFATC Q23 Index     10,172,340  
BALTIC CAPESIZE TIME CHARTER - SEP 23   BFFATC U23 Index     10,781,180  
BALTIC EXCHANGE PANAMAX T/C AVERAGE SHIPPING ROUTE INDEX - JUL 23   BFFAP N23 Index     7,122,330  
BALTIC EXCHANGE PANAMAX T/C AVERAGE SHIPPING ROUTE INDEX - AUG 23   BFFAP Q23 Index     8,311,410  
BALTIC EXCHANGE PANAMAX T/C AVERAGE SHIPPING ROUTE INDEX - SEP 23   BFFAP U23 Index     9,218,610  
BALTIC EXCHANGE SUPRAMAX T/C AVERAGE SHIPPING ROUTE INDEX - JUL 23   S58FM N23 Index     1,752,750  
BALTIC EXCHANGE SUPRAMAX T/C AVERAGE SHIPPING ROUTE INDEX - AUG 23   S58FM Q23 Index     1,938,000  
BALTIC EXCHANGE SUPRAMAX T/C AVERAGE SHIPPING ROUTE INDEX - SEP 23   S58FM U23 Index     2,120,000  

 

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The value of the Capesize 5TC Index is disseminated at 11:00 a.m., London Time and the value of the Panamax 4TC Index and the Supramax 10TC Index are each disseminated at 1:00 p.m., London Time. The Reference Index information disseminated by the Baltic Exchange also includes the components and value of each component in each Reference Index. Such Reference Index information also is widely disseminated by Reuters and/or other major market data vendors.

 

Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF

 

BWET Investment Objective

 

BWET’s investment objective is to provide investors with exposure to the daily change in the price of crude oil tanker freight futures by tracking the performance of a portfolio (the “BWET Benchmark Portfolio” and, collectively with the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio, the “Benchmark Portfolios”) consisting of exchange-cleared futures contracts on the cost of shipping crude oil (“Oil Freight Futures” and, collectively with Dry Freight Futures, the “Freight Futures”). BWET seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing substantially all of its assets in the Oil Freight Futures currently constituting the BWET Benchmark Portfolio.

 

The BWET Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave, which also serves as BWET’s CTA. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave and will be rebalanced annually.

 

BWET Commodity Trading Advisor

 

Breakwave serves as BWET’s CTA. Breakwave is a Delaware limited liability company.

 

Breakwave is registered as a CTA with the CFTC and is a member of the NFA.

 

Breakwave provides its services to BWET under a Services Agreement with the Sponsor. Under this agreement, Breakwave has agreed to compose and maintain the BWET Benchmark Portfolio and license to the Sponsor the use of the BWET Benchmark Portfolio.

 

BWET Investing Strategy

 

BWET seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing substantially all of its assets in the Oil Freight Futures currently constituting the BWET Benchmark Portfolio. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio will include all existing positions to maturity and settle them in cash. During any given calendar quarter, the BWET Benchmark Portfolio will progressively increase its position to the next calendar quarter three-month strip, thus maintaining constant exposure to the Oil Freight Futures market as positions mature.

 

The BWET Benchmark Portfolio will maintain long-only positions in Oil Freight Futures. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio will include a combination of TD3C and TD20 Oil Freight Futures. More specifically, the BWET Benchmark Portfolio will include 90% exposure in TD3C Oil Freight Futures contracts and 10% exposure in TD20 Oil Freight Futures contracts. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio will not include and BWET will not invest in swaps, non-cleared crude oil freight forwards or other over-the-counter derivative instruments that are not cleared through exchanges or clearing houses. BWET may hold exchange-traded options on Oil Freight Futures. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave and will be rebalanced annually. The Oil Freight Futures currently constituting the BWET Benchmark Portfolio, as well as the daily holdings of BWET will be available on BWETS’s website at www.tankeretf.com.

 

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When establishing positions in Oil Freight Futures, BWET will be required to deposit initial margin with a value of approximately 10% to 40% of the notional value of each Oil Freight Futures position at the time it is established. These margin requirements are established and subject to change from time to time by the relevant exchanges, clearing houses or BWET’s futures commission merchant (“FCM”). On a daily basis, BWET will be obligated to pay, or entitled to receive, variation margin in an amount equal to the change in the daily settlement level of its Oil Freight Futures positions. Any assets not required to be posted as margin with BWET’s FCM will generally be held at BWET’s custodian in cash or cash equivalents, as discussed below.

 

BWET will hold cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasuries or other high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities for direct investment and for other liquidity purposes and to meet redemptions that may be necessary on an ongoing basis. BWET may also realize interest income from its holdings in U.S. Treasuries or other market rate instruments.

  

BWET Benchmark Portfolio

 

The BWET Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave, which also serves as BWET’s CTA. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio consists of the Oil Freight Futures, which are a three-month strip of the nearest calendar quarter of futures contracts on specified indexes (each a “Reference Index”) that measure rates for shipping crude oil. Each Reference Index is published each United Kingdom business day by the Baltic Exchange and measures the charter rate for shipping crude oil in a specific size category of cargo ship and for a specific route – TD3C or TD20. The two Reference Indexes are as follows:

 

TD3C: the TD3C Index; and

 

TD20: the TD20 Index.

  

The Oil Freight Futures currently constituting the BWET Benchmark Portfolio as of June 30, 2023 include:

 

Name   Ticker   Market
Value USD
 
BALTIC TD3C TIME CHARTER - JUL 23   BFFA3D N23 Index   $ 1,296,000  
BALTIC TD3C TIME CHARTER - AUG 23   BFFA3D Q23 Index     1,229,400  
BALTIC TD3C TIME CHARTER - SEP 23   BFFA3D U23 Index     1,234,800  
BALTIC TD20 TIME CHARTER - JUL 23   BFFD20 N23 Index     95,450  
BALTIC TD20 TIME CHARTER - AUG 23   BFFD20 Q23 Index     179,400  
BALTIC TD20 TIME CHARTER - SEP 23   BFFD20 U23 Index     89,150  

 

The value of the TD3C Index and the TD20 Index is disseminated daily at 4:00 p.m. London Time by the Baltic Exchange The Reference Index information disseminated by the Baltic Exchange also includes the components and value of each component in each Reference Index. Such Reference Index information also is widely disseminated by Reuters and/or other major market data vendors.

 

Fund Trading Policies

 

Liquidity

 

Each Fund invests principally in exchange cleared futures that, in the opinion of the Sponsor, are traded in sufficient volume to permit the ready taking of orders in these financial instruments.

 

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Leverage

 

The Sponsor endeavors to have the value of each Fund’s Treasury Securities, cash and cash equivalents, whether held by the Fund or posted as margin or collateral, at all times approximate the aggregate market value of its obligations under the Fund’s Freight Futures interests, adjusted for the proportion of the current month’s Freight Futures contracts whose value has already been assessed.

 

Borrowings

 

Each Fund does not intend to, or foresees the need to, borrow money or establish lines of credit.

  

Pyramiding

 

Each Fund does not and will not employ the technique, commonly known as pyramiding, in which the speculator uses unrealized profits on existing positions as variation margin for the purchase of additional positions in the same commodity interest.

 

No Distributions

 

The Sponsor has discretionary authority over all distributions made by the Funds. In view of each Fund’s objective of seeking significant capital appreciation, the Sponsor currently does not intend to cause a Fund to make any distributions, but, has the sole discretion to do so from time to time.

 

Margin Requirements and Marking-to-Market Futures Positions

 

“Initial margin” is an amount of funds that must be deposited by a commodity trader with the trader’s broker to initiate an open position in futures contracts. A margin deposit is like a cash performance bond. It helps assure the trader’s performance of the futures contracts that he or she purchases or sells. Futures contracts are customarily bought and sold on initial margin that represents a small percentage of the aggregate purchase or sales price of the contract. The amount of margin required in connection with a particular futures contract is set by the exchange on which the contract is traded. Brokerage firms, such as the Funds’ clearing broker, carrying accounts for traders in commodity interest contracts may require higher amounts of margin as a matter of policy to further protect themselves.

 

Futures contracts are marked to market at the end of each trading day and the margin required with respect to such contracts is adjusted accordingly. This process of marking-to-market is designed to prevent losses from accumulating in any futures account. Therefore, if a Fund’s futures positions have declined in value, the Fund may be required to post “variation margin” to cover this decline. Alternatively, if a Fund’s futures positions have increased in value, this increase will be credited to the Fund’s account.

 

Futures Contracts

 

The Funds enter into futures contracts to gain exposure to changes in the value of the Benchmark Portfolios. A futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to accept) the future cash settlement of a specified quantity and type of a treasury futures contract at a specified time and place. The contractual obligations of a buyer or seller of a treasury futures contract may generally be satisfied by making an offsetting sale or purchase of an identical futures contract on the same or linked exchange before the designated date of delivery.

 

Upon entering into a futures contract, the Funds are each required to deposit and maintain as collateral at least such initial margin as required by the exchange on which the transaction is affected. The initial margin is segregated as cash held by broker, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities, and is restricted as to its use. Pursuant to the futures contract, the Funds each agree to receive from or pay to the broker an amount of cash equal to the daily fluctuation in value of the futures contract. Such receipts or payments are known as variation margin and are recorded by the Funds as unrealized gains or losses. The Funds will realize a gain or loss upon closing a futures transaction.

 

Futures contracts involve, to varying degrees, elements of market risk (specifically treasury price risk) and exposure to loss in excess of the amount of variation margin. The face or contract amounts reflect the extent of the total exposure the Funds have in the particular classes of instruments. Additional risks associated with the use of futures contracts include imperfect correlation between movements in the price of the futures contracts and the market value of the underlying securities and the possibility of an illiquid market for a futures contract. With futures contracts, there is minimal counterparty risk to the Funds since futures contracts are exchange-traded and the exchange’s clearinghouse, as counterparty to all exchange-traded futures contracts, guarantees the futures contracts against default.

 

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The Funds’ Service Providers

 

Administrator, Custodian, Fund Accountant, and Transfer Agent

 

The Funds have each appointed U.S. Bank, a national banking association, with its principal office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as the custodian (the “Custodian”). Its affiliate, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, is the Fund accountant (the “Fund Accountant”) of the Funds, transfer agent (the “Transfer Agent”) for the Funds’ shares and administrator for the Funds (the “Administrator”). It performs certain administrative and accounting services for the Funds and prepares certain SEC, NFA and CFTC reports on behalf of the Funds. (U.S. Bank and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services are referred to collectively hereinafter as “U.S. Bank”).

 

Distributor

 

ETFMG Financial LLC (“ETFMG Financial”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ETFMG, provided statutory and wholesaling distribution services to each Fund since it commenced trading on the NYSE Arca through August 14, 2023. Each Fund paid ETFMG Financial an annual fee for statutory and wholesaling distribution services and related administrative services equal to the greater of $15,000 or 0.02% of the Fund’s average daily net assets, payable monthly. Pursuant to the Marketing Agent Agreement between the Sponsor, each Fund and ETFMG Financial, ETFMG Financial assisted the Sponsor and the applicable Fund with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services to the applicable Fund, including reviewing and approving marketing materials and certain regulatory compliance matters. ETFMG Financial also assisted with the processing of creation and redemption orders.

 

Effective August 14, 2023, the Sponsor entered into a Marketing Agent Agreement (the “Marketing Agent Agreement”) on behalf of the Trust and the Funds with Foreside Fund Services, LLC (“Foreside”), pursuant to which Foreside provides certain marketing services to the Funds. Each Fund pays an annual fee for such distribution services and related administrative services equal to approximately 0.00006% of the Fund’s average daily net assets, with a minimum of approximately $7,150 payable annually. Pursuant to the Marketing Agent Agreement between the Sponsor, the Funds and Foreside, Foreside assists the Sponsor and the Funds with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services to the Funds, including reviewing and approving marketing materials and certain regulatory compliance matters. Foreside also assists with the processing of creation and redemption orders. Foreside’s principal business address is Three Canal Plaza, Suite 100, Portland, ME 04101. Foreside is a broker-dealer registered with FINRA.

 

Trustee

 

Under the respective Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement (each, a “Trust Agreement”) for each Fund, Wilmington Trust Company, the Trustee of each of the Funds (the “Trustee”) serves as the sole trustee of each Fund in the State of Delaware. The Trustee will accept service of legal process on the Funds in the State of Delaware and will make certain filings under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. Under the Trust Agreement for each Fund, the Sponsor has the exclusive management and control of all aspects of the business of the Funds. The Trustee does not owe any other duties to the Funds, the Sponsor or the Shareholders of the Fund. The Trustee has no duty or liability to supervise or monitor the performance of the Sponsor, nor does the Trustee have any liability for the acts or omissions of the Sponsor.

 

Futures Commission Merchant

 

Marex Financial (“Marex”), registered in England, serves as the Funds’ clearing broker (the “Commodity Broker”). In its capacity as clearing broker, the Commodity Broker executes and clears the Funds’ futures transactions and performs certain administrative services for the Funds. ED&F Man Capital Markets Limited served as BDRY’s clearing broker from June 3, 2022 until being acquired by Marex on October 3, 2023. Marex is exempt, pursuant to CFTC Regulation 30.10, from registration with the CFTC as a futures commission merchant. The Funds pay Marex commissions for executing and clearing trades on their behalf.

 

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There have been no material administrative, civil or criminal actions brought, pending or concluded against Marex or its principals in the past five years.

  

Marex is not affiliated with the Funds or the Sponsor. Therefore, the Sponsor and the Funds do not believe that the Funds have any conflicts of interest with Marex or its trading principals arising from their acting as the Funds’ FCM.

   

Legal Counsel

 

Eversheds Sutherland (US) LLP serves as legal counsel to the Trust and the Funds.

 

Fees of the Funds

 

Management and CTA Fees

 

BDRY and BWET each pay the Sponsor a management fee (the “Sponsor Fee”) in consideration of the Sponsor’s advisory services to the Funds. Additionally, BDRY and BWET each pay Breakwave a license and service fee (the “CTA Fee”).

 

BDRY pays the Sponsor Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to the greater of 0.15% per year of BDRY’s average daily net assets, or $125,000. BDRY’s Sponsor Fee is paid in consideration of the Sponsor’s management services to BDRY. BDRY also pays Breakwave the CTA Fee monthly in arrears, for the use of BDRY’s Benchmark Portfolio in an amount equal to 1.45% per annum of BDRY’s average daily net assets.

 

Breakwave has agreed to waive its CTA Fee and the Sponsor has agreed to correspondingly assume the remaining expenses of BDRY so that BDRY’s expenses do not exceed an annual rate of 3.50%, excluding brokerage commissions, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses, of the value of BDRY’s average daily net assets (the “BDRY Expense Cap”). The assumption of expenses and waiver of BDRY’s CTA Fee are contractual on the part of the Sponsor and Breakwave, respectively, through March 31, 2025. If after that date, the Sponsor and/or Breakwave no longer assumed expenses or waived the CTA Fee, respectively, BDRY could be adversely impacted, including in its ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

The assumption of expenses by the Sponsor for BDRY, pursuant to the BDRY Expense Cap, amounted to $-0- and $-0- for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. The waiver of Breakwave’s CTA Fee, pursuant to the contractual waiver, amounted to $22,434 and $-0- for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BDRY currently accrues its daily expenses based upon established individual expense category amounts or the BDRY Expense Cap, whichever aggregate amount is less. At the end of each month, the accrued amount is remitted to the Sponsor as the Sponsor is responsible for the payment of the routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of the Fund. BDRY’s total expenses amounted to $2,420,639 and $3,280,229 for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

BWET pays the Sponsor Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to the greater of 0.30% per year of BWET’s average daily net assets, or $50,000. BWET’s Sponsor Fee is paid in consideration of the Sponsor’s management services to BWET. BWET also pays Breakwave the CTA Fee monthly in arrears, for the use of BWET’s Benchmark Portfolio in an amount equal to 1.45% per annum of BWET’s average daily net assets.

 

Breakwave has agreed to waive its CTA Fee and the Sponsor has agreed to correspondingly assume the remaining expenses of BWET so that BWET’s expenses do not exceed an annual rate of 3.50%, excluding brokerage commissions, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses, of the value of BWET’s average daily net assets (the “BWET Expense Cap”). The assumption of expenses and waiver of BWET’s CTA Fee are contractual on the part of the Sponsor and Breakwave, respectively, through March 31, 2025. If after that date, the Sponsor and/or Breakwave no longer assumed expenses or waived the CTA Fee, respectively, BWET could be adversely impacted, including in its ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

The assumption of expenses by the Sponsor for BWET, pursuant to the BWET Expense Cap, amounted to $77,450 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. The waiver of Breakwave’s CTA fees, pursuant to the undertaking, amounted to $7,574 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET currently accrues its daily expenses based upon established individual expense category amounts or the BWET Expense Cap, whichever aggregate amount is less. At the end of each month, the accrued amount is remitted to the Sponsor as the Sponsor is responsible for the payment of the routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of the Fund. BWET’s total expenses amounted to $123,053 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

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Administrator, Custodian, Fund Accountant, and Transfer Agent Fees

 

The Funds have agreed to pay U.S. Bank 0.05% of AUM, with a $50,000 and $45,000 minimum annual fee for BDRY and BWET, respectively, payable for its administrative, accounting and transfer agent services and 0.01% of AUM, with an annual minimum of $4,800 for custody services. BDRY paid U.S. Bank $66,005 and $64,618 for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET paid U.S. Bank $9,666 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

Distribution Fees

 

Each Fund paid ETFMG Financial an annual fee for statutory and wholesaling distribution services and related administrative services equal to the greater of $15,000 or 0.02% of each Funds’ average daily net assets, payable monthly. Pursuant to the Marketing Agent Agreement between the Sponsor, each Fund and ETFMG Financial, ETFMG Financial assisted the Sponsor and each Fund with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services to each Fund, including reviewing and approving marketing materials and certain regulatory compliance matters. ETFMG Financial also assisted with the processing of creation and redemption orders. BDRY incurred $15,707 and $15,707 in distribution and related administrative services for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET incurred $2,539 in distribution and related administrative services for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

BDRY pays the Sponsor for wholesale support services at an annual rate of $25,000 plus 0.12% of BDRY’s average daily net assets, payable monthly. BDRY incurred $87,902 and $112,393 in wholesale support fees for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

BWET pays the Sponsor for wholesale support services at an annual rate of $15,000 plus 0.15% of BWET’s average daily net assets, payable monthly. BWET incurred $3,209 in wholesale support fees for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

  

Futures Commission Merchant Fees

 

Each Fund pays brokerage commissions, including applicable exchange fees, NFA fees, give-up fees, pit brokerage fees and other transaction related fees and expenses charged in connection with trading activities in CFTC regulated investments. Brokerage commissions on futures contracts are recognized on a half-turn basis.

 

The Sponsor does not expect brokerage commissions and fees, on an annual basis, to exceed 0.40% for BDRY and 1.30% for BWET (excluding the impact on the Funds of creation and/or redemption activity) of the NAV of the respective Funds and for execution and clearing services to exceed $12 per lot on behalf of BDRY and $7 per lot on behalf of BWET, although the actual amount of brokerage commissions and fees in any year or any part of any year may be greater. The effects of trading spreads, financing costs associated with financial instruments, and costs relating to the purchase of freight futures, Treasury Instruments or similar high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities are not included in the foregoing analysis. BDRY incurred $684,169 and $665,810 in brokerage commissions and fees for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET incurred $19,746 in brokerage commissions for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

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Other Fees

 

Each Fund is responsible for certain other expenses, including professional services (e.g., outside auditor’s fees and legal fees and expenses), shareholder Form K-1’s, tax return preparation, regulatory compliance, and other services provided by affiliated and non-affiliated service providers. The fees for Principal Financial Officer, Chief Compliance Officer, and regulatory reporting services provided to the Funds by the Sponsor each amount to $25,000 per annum.

 

Extraordinary fees

 

Each Fund pays all of its extraordinary fees and expenses, if any. Extraordinary fees and expenses are fees and expenses which are non-recurring and unusual in nature, such as legal claims and liabilities, litigation costs or indemnification or other unanticipated expenses. Such extraordinary fees and expenses, by their nature, are unpredictable in terms of timing and amount.

 

Form of Shares

 

Registered Form

 

Shares of the Funds are issued in registered form in accordance with the Trust Agreement for each Fund. U.S. Bank has been appointed registrar and transfer agent for the purpose of transferring shares in certificated form. U.S. Bank keeps a record of all limited partners and holders of the shares in certificated form in the registry (the “Register”). The Sponsor recognizes transfers of shares in certificated form only if done in accordance with the respective Trust Agreement for each Fund. The beneficial interests in such shares are held in book-entry form through participants and/or accountholders in the Depository Trust Company (“DTC”).

 

Book Entry

 

Individual certificates are not issued for the shares. Instead, shares are represented by one or more global certificates, which are deposited by the Administrator with, or on behalf of, DTC and registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for DTC. The global certificates evidence all of the shares outstanding at any time. Shareholders are limited to (1) participants in DTC such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies (“DTC Participants”), (2) banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies who maintain, either directly or indirectly, a custodial relationship with, or clear through, a DTC Participant (“Indirect Participants”), and (3) persons holding interests in the shares through DTC Participants or Indirect Participants, in each case who satisfy the requirements for transfers of shares.

 

Shareholders will be shown on, and the transfer of Shares will be effected only through, in the case of DTC Participants, the records maintained by the Depository and, in the case of Indirect Participants and Shareholders holding through a DTC Participant or an Indirect participant, through those records or the records of the relevant DTC Participants or Indirect participants. Shareholders are expected to receive, from or through which the Shareholder has purchased Shares, a written confirmation relating to their purchase of Shares.

 

DTC

 

DTC is a limited purpose trust company organized under the laws of the State of New York and is a member of the Federal Reserve System, a “clearing corporation” within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code and a “clearing agency” registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act. DTC holds securities for DTC Participants and facilitates the clearance and settlement of transactions between DTC Participants through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of DTC Participants.

 

Calculating NAV

 

Each Fund’s NAV is calculated by:

 

Taking the current market value of its total assets;

 

Subtracting any liabilities; and

 

Dividing that total by the total number of outstanding shares.

  

9

 

 

The Administrator calculates the NAV of the Funds once each NYSE Arca trading day. The NAV for a particular trading day is released after 4:00 p.m. E.T. Regular trading on the NYSE Arca typically closes at 4:00 p.m. E.T. The Administrator uses the Baltic Exchange settlement price for the Freight Futures and option contracts. The Administrator calculates or determines the value of all other BDRY and BWET investments using market quotations, if available, or other information customarily used to determine the fair value of such investments as of the close of the NYSE Arca (normally 4:00 p.m. E.T.), in accordance with the current Administrative Agency Agreement among U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, the Fund and the Sponsor.

 

In addition, in order to provide updated information relating to the Funds for use by investors and market professionals, an updated indicative fund value (“IFV”) is made available through on-line information services throughout the core trading hours of 9:30 a.m. E.T. to 4:00 p.m. E.T. on each trading day. The IFV is calculated by using the prior day’s closing NAV per share of each Fund as a base and updating that value throughout the trading day to reflect changes in the most recently reported trade price for the futures and/or options held by each Fund. Certain Freight Futures brokers provide real time pricing information to the general public either through their websites or through data vendors such as Bloomberg or Reuters. The IFV disseminated during NYSE Arca core trading hours should not be viewed as an actual real time update of the NAV, because the NAV is calculated only once at the end of each trading day based upon the relevant end of day values of each of the Funds’ investments.

 

The IFV is disseminated on a per share basis every 15 seconds during regular NYSE Arca core trading session hours. The customary trading hours of the Freight Futures trading are 3:00 a.m. E.T. to 12:00 p.m. E.T. This means that there is a gap in time at the beginning and/or the end of each day during which the Funds’ shares are traded on the NYSE Arca, but real-time trading prices for contracts are not available. During such gaps in time the IFV will be calculated based on the end of day price of such contracts from the Baltic Exchange’s immediately preceding trading session. In addition, other investments held by the Funds will be valued by the Administrator, using rates and points received from client-approved third party vendors (such as Reuters and WM Company) and advisor or broker-dealer quotes. These investments will not be included in the IFV.

 

The NYSE Arca disseminates the IFV through the facilities of CTA/CQ High Speed Lines. In addition, the IFV is published on the NYSE Arca’s website and is available through on-line information services such as Bloomberg and Reuters.

 

Dissemination of the IFV provides additional information that is not otherwise available to the public and is useful to investors and market professionals in connection with the trading of the Funds’ shares on the NYSE Arca. Investors and market professionals are able throughout the trading day to compare the market price of the Funds’ shares and the IFV. If the market price of the Funds’ shares diverges significantly from the IFV, market professionals will have an incentive to execute arbitrage trades. For example, if the Funds’ shares appear to be trading at a discount compared to the IFV, a market professional could purchase the Funds’ shares on the NYSE Arca and take the opposite position in Freight Futures. Such arbitrage trades can tighten the tracking between the market price of the Funds’ shares and the IFV and thus can be beneficial to all market participants.

  

Creation and Redemption of Shares

 

The Funds create and redeem shares from time to time, but only in one or more Creation Baskets or Redemption Baskets. The creation and redemption of baskets are only made in exchange for delivery to the Funds or the distribution by the Funds of the amount of cash represented by the baskets being created or redeemed, the amount of which is based on the combined NAV of the number of shares included in the baskets being created or redeemed determined as of 4:00 p.m. E.T. on the day the order to create or redeem baskets is properly received.

 

Authorized Participants are the only persons that may place orders to create and redeem baskets. Authorized Participants must be (1) registered broker-dealers or other securities market participants, such as banks and other financial institutions, that are not required to register as broker-dealers to engage in securities transactions described below, and (2) DTC Participants. To become an Authorized Participant, a person must enter into an Authorized Participant Agreement with the Sponsor. The Authorized Participant Agreement provides the procedures for the creation and redemption of baskets and for the delivery of the U.S. Treasuries and any cash required for such creation and redemptions. The Authorized Participant Agreement and the related procedures attached thereto may be amended by the Funds, without the consent of any limited partner or shareholder or Authorized Participant. Authorized Participants will pay a transaction fee of $300 to the Custodian for each order they place to create or redeem one or more baskets. Authorized Participants who make deposits with the Funds in exchange for baskets receive no fees, commissions or other form of compensation or inducement of any kind from either of the Funds or the Sponsor, and no such person will have any obligation or responsibility to the Sponsor or the Funds to effect any sale or resale of shares.

 

10

 

 

Each Authorized Participant is required to be registered as a broker-dealer under the Exchange Act and be a member in good standing with FINRA, or exempt from being or otherwise not required to be registered as a broker-dealer or a member of FINRA, and qualified to act as a broker or dealer in the states or other jurisdictions where the nature of its business so requires. Certain Authorized Participants may also be regulated under federal and state banking laws and regulations. Each Authorized Participant has its own set of rules and procedures, internal controls and information barriers as it determines is appropriate in light of its own regulatory regime.

 

Under the Authorized Participant Agreements, the Sponsor has agreed to indemnify the Authorized Participants against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the 1933 Act, and to contribute to the payments the Authorized Participants may be required to make in respect of those liabilities.

 

Creation Procedures

 

On any business day, an Authorized Participant may place an order with the Transfer Agent, and accepted by the Distributor, to create one or more baskets. For purposes of processing purchase and redemption orders, a “business day” means any day other than a day when any of the NYSE Arca, the New York Stock Exchange or the Baltic Exchange is closed for regular trading. Purchase orders must be placed by 12:00 p.m. E.T. or the close of the NYSE Arca core trading session, whichever is earlier. The day on which a valid purchase order is received in accordance with the terms of the “Authorized Participant Agreement” is referred to as the purchase order date. Purchase orders are irrevocable. Prior to the delivery of baskets for a purchase order, the Authorized Participant will be charged a non-refundable transaction fee due for the purchase order.

 

The manner by which creations are made is dictated by the terms of the Authorized Participant Agreement.

  

Determination of Required Payment

 

The Creation Basket Deposit for each Fund is the NAV of 25,000 shares on the purchase order date, but only if the required payment is timely received. To calculate the NAV, the Administrator will use the Baltic Exchange settlement price (typically determined after 12:00 p.m. E.T. and 2:00 p.m. E.T. for BWET and BDRY Freight Futures respectively) for the Freight Futures.

 

Because orders to purchase Creation Baskets must be placed no later than 12:00 p.m. E.T., but the total payment required to create a Creation Basket typically will not be determined until after 12:00 p.m. E.T. or 2:00 p.m. E.T. for BWET and BDRY respectively, on the date the purchase order is received, Authorized Participants will not know the total amount of the payment required to create a Creation Basket at the time they submit an irrevocable purchase order. The NAV and the total amount of the payment required to create a Creation Basket could rise or fall substantially between the time an irrevocable purchase order is submitted and the time the amount of the purchase price in respect thereof is determined.

 

Delivery of Required Payment

 

An Authorized Participant who places a purchase order shall transfer to the Administrator the required amount of cash, by the end of the next business day following the purchase order date. Upon receipt of the deposit amount, the Administrator will direct DTC to credit the number of Creation Baskets ordered to the Authorized Participant’s DTC account on the next business day following the purchase order date.

 

11

 

 

Suspension of Purchase Orders

 

The Sponsor acting by itself or through the Administrator or the Distributor may suspend the right of purchase, or postpone the purchase settlement date, for any period during which the NYSE Arca or other exchange on which the shares are listed is closed, other than for customary holidays or weekends, or when trading is restricted or suspended. None of the Sponsor, the Marketing Agent or the Administrator will be liable to any person or in any way for any loss or damages that may result from any such suspension or postponement.

 

Rejection of Purchase Orders

 

The Sponsor acting by itself or through the Distributor shall have the absolute right but no obligation to reject a purchase order or a Creation Basket Deposit if:

 

it determines that the purchase order or the Creation Basket Deposit is not in proper form;

 

the acceptance or receipt of the purchase order or Creation Basket Deposit would, in the opinion of counsel to the Sponsor, be unlawful; or

 

circumstances outside the control of the Sponsor, Distributor or Custodian make it, for all practical purposes, not feasible to process creations of baskets.

 

None of the Sponsor, Distributor or Custodian will be liable for the rejection of any purchase order or Creation Basket Deposit.

 

Redemption Procedures

 

The procedures by which an Authorized Participant can redeem one or more baskets mirror the procedures for the creation of baskets. On any business day, an Authorized Participant may place an order with the Distributor to redeem one or more baskets. Redemption orders must be placed by 12:00 p.m. E.T. or the close of the core trading session on the NYSE Arca, whichever is earlier. A redemption order so received will be effective on the date it is received in satisfactory form by the Distributor. The redemption procedures allow Authorized Participants to redeem baskets and do not entitle an individual shareholder to redeem any shares in an amount less than a Redemption Basket, or to redeem baskets other than through an Authorized Participant. Redemption orders are irrevocable.

  

The manner by which redemptions are made is dictated by the terms of the Authorized Participant Agreement. By placing an order for Redemption Baskets of BDRY or BWET, an Authorized Participant agrees to deliver the Redemption Baskets to be redeemed through DTC’s book-entry system to the respective Fund not later than 12:00 p.m. E.T., on the next business day immediately following the redemption order date. Prior to the delivery of redemption distribution or proceeds, the Authorized Participant will be charged a non-refundable transaction fee due for the redemption order.

 

Determination of Redemption Proceeds

 

The redemption proceeds from the Funds consist of a cash redemption amount equal to the NAV of the number of Baskets requested in the Authorized Participant’s redemption order on the redemption order date. To calculate the NAV, the Administrator will use the Baltic Exchange settlement price (typically determined after 12:00 p.m. E.T. and 2:00 p.m. E.T. for the BWET and BDRY Freight Futures respectively) for the Freight Futures.

 

Because orders to redeem baskets must be placed no later than 12:00 p.m. E.T., but the total amount of redemption proceeds typically will not be determined until after 12:00 p.m. E.T or 2:00 p.m. E.T. for BWET and BDRY respectively, on the date the redemption order is received, Authorized Participants will not know the total amount of the redemption proceeds at the time they submit an irrevocable redemption order. The NAV and the total amount of redemption proceeds could rise or fall substantially between the time an irrevocable redemption order is submitted and the time the amount of redemption proceeds in respect thereof is determined.

 

12

 

 

Delivery of Redemption Proceeds

 

The redemption proceeds due from the Fund will be delivered to the Authorized Participant at 1:00 p.m. E.T., on the next business day immediately following the redemption order date if, by such time, the Funds’ DTC account has been credited with the baskets to be redeemed. If the Funds’ DTC account has not been credited with all of the baskets to be redeemed by such time, the redemption distribution is delivered to the extent of whole baskets received. Any remainder of the redemption distribution is delivered on the next business day to the extent of remaining whole baskets received if the Funds receive the fee applicable to the extension of the redemption distribution date which the Sponsor may, from time to time, determine and the remaining baskets to be redeemed are credited to the Funds’ DTC accounts by 1:00 p.m. E.T., on such next business day. Any further outstanding amount of the redemption order shall be cancelled. The Sponsor may cause the redemption distribution to be delivered notwithstanding that the baskets to be redeemed are not credited to the Fund’s DTC account by 12:00 p.m. E.T., on the next business day immediately following the redemption order date if the Authorized Participant has collateralized its obligation to deliver the Baskets through DTC’s book entry system on such terms as the Sponsor may from time to time determine.

 

Suspension or Rejection of Redemption Orders

 

The Sponsor may, in its discretion, suspend the right of redemption, or postpone the redemption settlement date, (1) for any period during which the NYSE Arca, or the Baltic Exchange is closed other than customary weekend or holiday closings, or trading on the NYSE Arca, or the Baltic Exchange, is suspended or restricted, (2) for any period during which an emergency exists as a result of which delivery, disposal or evaluation of the redemption distribution or redemption proceeds, as applicable, is not reasonably practicable, or (3) for such other period as the Sponsor determines to be necessary for the protection of the limited partners or shareholders. For example, the Sponsor may determine that it is necessary to suspend redemptions to allow for the orderly liquidation of the Funds’ assets at an appropriate value to fund a redemption. If the Sponsor has difficulty liquidating its positions, e.g., because of a market disruption event in the futures markets or a suspension of trading by the exchange where the futures contracts are listed, it may be appropriate to suspend redemptions until such time as such circumstances are rectified. None of the Sponsor, the Distributor, the Transfer Agent, the Administrator, or the Custodian will be liable to any person or in any way for any loss or damages that may result from any such suspension or postponement.

 

Redemption orders must be made in whole baskets. The Sponsor will reject a redemption order if the order is not in proper form as described in the applicable Authorized Participant Agreement or if the fulfillment of the order, in the opinion of its counsel, might be unlawful. The Sponsor may also reject a redemption order if the number of shares being redeemed would reduce the remaining outstanding shares to 50,000 shares (minimum NYSE Arca maintenance listing requirement) or less, unless the Sponsor has reason to believe that the placer of the redemption order does in fact possess all the outstanding shares and can deliver them.

 

Creation and Redemption Transaction Fee

 

To compensate the Funds for their expenses in connection with the creation and redemption of baskets, an Authorized Participant is required to pay a transaction fee to the Custodian of $300 per order to create or redeem baskets, regardless of the number of baskets in such order. An order may include multiple baskets. The transaction fee may be reduced, increased or otherwise changed by the Sponsor. The Sponsor will notify DTC of any change in the transaction fee and will not implement any increase in the fee for the redemption of baskets until 30 days after the date of the notice.

 

Tax Responsibility

 

Authorized Participants are responsible for any transfer tax, sales or use tax, stamp tax, recording tax, value added tax or similar tax or governmental charge applicable to the creation or redemption of baskets, regardless of whether or not such tax or charge is imposed directly on the Authorized Participant, and agree to indemnify the Sponsor and the Funds if they are required by law to pay any such tax, together with any applicable penalties, additions to tax and interest thereon.

 

13

 

 

Secondary Market Transactions

 

As noted, the Funds create and redeem shares from time to time, but only in one or more Creation Baskets or Redemption Baskets. The creation and redemption of baskets are only made in exchange for delivery to the Funds or the distribution by the Funds of the amount of cash, represented by the baskets being created or redeemed, the amount of which will be based on the aggregate NAV of the number of shares included in the baskets being created or redeemed determined on the day the order to create or redeem baskets is properly received.

 

As discussed above, Authorized Participants are the only persons that may place orders to create and redeem baskets. Authorized Participants must be registered broker-dealers or other securities market participants, such as banks and other financial institutions that are not required to register as broker-dealers to engage in securities transactions. An Authorized Participant is under no obligation to create or redeem baskets, and an Authorized Participant is under no obligation to offer to the public shares of any baskets it does create. Authorized Participants that do offer to the public shares from the baskets they create will do so at per share offering prices that are expected to reflect, among other factors, the trading price of the shares on the NYSE Arca, the NAV of the Funds at the time the Authorized Participant purchased the Creation Baskets and the NAV of the shares at the time of the offer of the shares to the public, the supply of and demand for shares at the time of sale, and the liquidity of the futures contract market. The prices of shares offered by Authorized Participants are expected to fall between the Funds’ NAVs and the trading price of the shares on the NYSE Arca at the time of sale.

  

Shares initially comprising the same basket but offered by Authorized Participants to the public at different times may have different offering prices. An order for one or more baskets may be placed by an Authorized Participant on behalf of multiple clients. Authorized Participants that make deposits with the Funds in exchange for baskets receive no fees, commissions or other form of compensation or inducement of any kind from either of the Funds or the Sponsor, and no such person has any obligation or responsibility to the Sponsor or the Funds to effect any sale or resale of shares.

 

Shares trade in the secondary market on the NYSE Arca. Shares may trade in the secondary market at prices that are lower or higher relative to their NAV per share. The amount of the discount or premium in the trading price relative to the NAV per share may be influenced by various factors, including the number of investors who seek to purchase or sell shares in the secondary market and the liquidity of the futures contracts market. While the shares trade during regular trading hours on the NYSE Arca until 4:00 p.m. E.T., liquidity in the market for Freight Futures, may be reduced after the close of the Freight Futures market at approximately 12:00 p.m. E.T. As a result, during this time, trading spreads, and the resulting premium or discount, on the shares may widen.

 

There are a minimum number of specified baskets and associated shares. Once the minimum number of baskets is reached, there can be no more basket redemptions until there has been a Creation Basket. In such case, market makers may be less willing to purchase shares from investors in the secondary market, which may in turn limit the ability of shareholders of the Funds to sell their shares in the secondary market. As of the date of this annual report the minimum level for both BDRY and BWET is 50,000 shares, representing two baskets.

 

All proceeds from the sale of Creation Baskets will be invested as quickly as practicable in the investments described in the prospectus. The Funds’ cash and investments are held through their Custodian, in accounts with their commodity futures brokers or in demand deposits with highly-rated financial institutions. There is no stated maximum time period for either of the Funds’ operations and the Funds may continue their operations until all shares are redeemed or the Funds are liquidated pursuant to the terms of the Funds’ Trust Agreement.

 

Regulatory Environment

 

The regulation of futures markets, futures contracts, and futures exchanges has historically been comprehensive. The CFTC and the exchanges are authorized to take extraordinary actions in the event of a market emergency including, for example, the retroactive implementation of speculative position limits, increased margin requirements, the establishment of daily price limits and the suspension of trading.

 

The regulation of commodity interest transactions in the United States is an evolving area of law and is subject to ongoing modification by governmental and judicial action. Considerable regulatory attention has been focused on non-traditional investment pools that are publicly distributed in the United States. There is a possibility of future regulatory changes within the United States altering, perhaps to a material extent, the nature of an investment in the Funds or the ability of the Funds to continue to implement their investment strategies. In addition, various national governments outside of the United States have expressed concern regarding the disruptive effects of speculative trading in the commodities markets and the need to regulate the derivatives markets in general. The effect of any future regulatory change on the Funds is impossible to predict but could be substantial and adverse.

 

14

 

 

The CFTC possesses exclusive jurisdiction to regulate the activities of commodity pool operators and commodity trading advisors with respect to “commodity interests,” such as futures, swaps and options, and has adopted regulations with respect to the activities of those persons and/or entities. Under the CEA, a registered CPO, such as the Sponsor, is required to make annual filings with the CFTC and NFA describing its organization, capital structure, management and controlling persons. In addition, the CEA authorizes the CFTC to require and review books and records of, and documents prepared by, registered CPOs. Pursuant to this authority, the CFTC requires CPOs to keep accurate, current and orderly records for each pool that they operate. The CFTC may suspend the registration of a commodity pool operator (1) if the CFTC finds that the operator’s trading practices tend to disrupt orderly market conditions, (2) if any controlling person of the operator is subject to an order of the CFTC denying such person trading privileges on any exchange, and (3) in certain other circumstances. Suspension, restriction or termination of the Sponsor’s registration as a commodity pool operator would prevent it, until that registration were to be reinstated, from managing the Funds, and might result in the termination of the Funds if a successor sponsor is not elected pursuant to the Trust Agreement.

 

The Funds’ investors are afforded prescribed rights for reparations under the CEA. Investors may also be able to maintain a private right of action for violations of the CEA. The CFTC has adopted rules implementing the reparation provisions of the CEA, which provide that any person may file a complaint for a reparations award with the CFTC for violation of the CEA against a floor broker or an FCM, introducing broker, commodity trading advisor, CPO, and their respective associated persons.

  

Pursuant to authority in the CEA, the NFA has been formed and registered with the CFTC as a registered futures association. At the present time, the NFA is the only self-regulatory organization for commodity interest professionals, other than futures exchanges. The CFTC has delegated to the NFA responsibility for the registration of CPOs and FCMs and their respective associated persons. The Sponsor is a member of the NFA and, as such, it will be subject to NFA standards relating to fair trade practices, financial condition and consumer protection. The NFA also arbitrates disputes between members and their customers and conducts registration and fitness screening of applicants for membership and audits of its existing members. Neither the Trust nor the Funds are required to become a member of the NFA.

 

The regulations of the CFTC and the NFA prohibit any representation by a person registered with the CFTC or by any member of the NFA, that registration with the CFTC, or membership in the NFA, in any respect indicates that the CFTC or the NFA has approved or endorsed that person or that person’s trading program or objectives. The registrations and memberships of the parties described in this summary must not be considered as constituting any such approval or endorsement. Likewise, no futures exchange has given or will give any similar approval or endorsement.

 

Futures exchanges in the United States are subject to varying degrees of regulation under the CEA depending on whether such exchange is a designated contract market, exempt board of trade or electronic trading facility. Clearing organizations are also subject to the CEA and the rules and regulations adopted thereunder as administered by the CFTC. The CFTC’s function is to implement the CEA’s objectives of preventing price manipulation and excessive speculation and promoting orderly and efficient commodity interest markets. In addition, the various exchanges and clearing organizations themselves exercise regulatory and supervisory authority over their member firms.

 

15

 

 

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) was enacted in response to the economic crisis of 2008 and 2009 and it significantly altered the regulatory regime to which the securities and commodities markets are subject. To date, the CFTC has issued proposed or final versions of almost all of the rules it is required to promulgate under the Dodd-Frank Act. The provisions of the law include the requirement that position limits be established on a wide range of commodity interests, including agricultural, energy, and metal-based commodity futures contracts, options on such futures contracts and cleared and uncleared swaps that are economically equivalent to such futures contracts and options; new registration and recordkeeping requirements for swap market participants; capital and margin requirements for “swap dealers” and “major swap participants,” as determined by the new law and applicable regulations; reporting of all swap transactions to swap data repositories; and the mandatory use of clearinghouse mechanisms for sufficiently standardized swap transactions that were historically entered into in the over-the-counter market, but are now designated as subject to the clearing requirement; and margin requirements for over-the-counter swaps that are not subject to the clearing requirements.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act was intended to reduce systemic risks that may have contributed to the 2008/2009 financial crisis. Since the first draft of what became the Dodd-Frank Act, supporters and opponents have debated the scope of the legislation. As the administrations of the U.S. change, the interpretation and implementation will change along with them. Nevertheless, regulatory reform of any kind may have a significant impact on U.S. regulated entities.

 

Current rules and regulations under the Dodd-Frank Act require enhanced customer protections, risk management programs, internal monitoring and controls, capital and liquidity standards, customer disclosures and auditing and examination programs for FCMs. The rules are intended to afford greater assurances to market participants that customer segregated funds and secured amounts are protected, customers are provided with appropriate notice of the risks of futures trading and of the FCMs with which they may choose to do business, FCMs are monitoring and managing risks in a robust manner, the capital and liquidity of FCMs are strengthened to safeguard the continued operations and the auditing and examination programs of the CFTC and the self-regulatory organizations are monitoring the activities of FCMs in a thorough manner.

  

Regulatory bodies outside the U.S. have also passed or proposed, or may propose in the future, legislation similar to that proposed by the Dodd-Frank Act or other legislation containing other restrictions that could adversely impact the liquidity of and increase costs of participating in the commodities markets. For example, the European Union Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (Directive 2014/65/EU) and Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 600/2014) (together “MiFID II”), which has applied since January 3, 2018, governs the provision of investment services and activities in relation to, as well as the organized trading of, financial instruments such as shares, bonds, units in collective investment schemes and derivatives. In particular, MiFID II requires EU Member States to apply position limits to the size of a net position which a person can hold at any time in commodity derivatives traded on EU trading venues and in “economically equivalent” over-the-counter (“OTC”) contracts. By way of further example, the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 648/2012, as amended) (“EMIR”) introduced certain requirements in respect of OTC derivatives including: (i) the mandatory clearing of OTC derivative contracts declared subject to the clearing obligation; (ii) risk mitigation techniques in respect of un-cleared OTC derivative contracts, including the mandatory margining of un-cleared OTC derivative contracts; and (iii) reporting and recordkeeping requirements in respect of all derivatives contracts. In the event that the requirements under EMIR and MiFID II apply, these are expected to increase the cost of transacting derivatives.

 

In addition, considerable regulatory attention has been focused on non-traditional publicly distributed investment pools such as the Funds. Furthermore, various national governments have expressed concern regarding the disruptive effects of speculative trading in certain commodity markets and the need to regulate the derivatives markets in general. The effect of any future regulatory change on the Funds is impossible to predict but could be substantial and adverse.

 

SEC Reports

 

Each Fund makes available, free of charge, on its website (www.drybulketf.com for BDRY and www.tankeretf.com for BWET), its annual reports on Form 10-K, its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, its current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after these forms are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. These reports are also available from the SEC though its website at: www.sec.gov.

 

CFTC Reports

 

The Trust also makes available, on its website, its monthly reports and its annual reports required to be prepared and filed with the NFA under the CFTC regulations.

 

16

 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

Although the Funds may, from time to time, be involved in litigation arising out of their operations in the normal course of business or otherwise, the Funds are currently not a party to any pending legal proceedings.

 

Mr. Masucci, a principal of the Sponsor, and certain affiliates of the Sponsor have entered into a settlement agreement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding certain alleged conflicts of interest arising in connection with ETFMG Alternative Harvest ETF’s (MJ) participation in the securities lending program administered by its prior custodian. Without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, Mr. Masucci agreed to a cease-and-desist order, to pay a $400,000 penalty, and to an associational bar under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, and a prohibition under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, with a right to reapply after three years. Certain affiliates of the Sponsor agreed to censures, to a cease-and-desist order, and to pay, jointly and severally, a civil penalty of $4 million. The settlement resolves the SEC’s investigation of Mr. Masucci and affiliates of the Sponsor.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

17

 

 

Part II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Shares of BDRY have traded on the NYSE Arca under the symbol “BDRY” since March 22, 2018.

 

As of June 30, 2023, BDRY had approximately 12,563 holders of its shares.

 

Shares of BWET have traded on the NYSE Arca under the symbol “BWET” since May 3, 2023.

 

As of June 30, 2023, BWET had approximately 202 holders of its shares.

 

Dividends

 

The Funds have not made and do not currently intend to make cash distributions to their shareholders.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The Funds do not purchase shares directly from their shareholders.

 

Authorized Participant redemption activity for each Fund during the period from April 1, 2023 through June 30, 2023 and the period from April 1, 2022 through June 30, 2022 was as follows:

 

BDRY      
Period of Redemption   Total
Number
of Shares
Redeemed
    Average
Price
Paid per
Share
 
Period from April 1, 2023 through June 30, 2023   1,725,000     $ 8.69  
Period from April 1, 2022 through June 30, 2022   1,550,000     $ 21.21  

 

BWET      
Period of Redemption   Total
Number
of Shares
Redeemed
    Average
Price
Paid per
Share
 
Period from April 1, 2023 through June 30, 2023      —     $       —  
Period from April 1, 2022 through June 30, 2022       $  

 

18

 

 

Item 6. Reserved.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto of the Trust and the Funds included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

This information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in Item 8 of this Annual Report (the “Report”). The discussion and analysis which follows may contain trend analysis and other forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 which reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial results. Words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “outlook” and “estimate,” as well as similar words and phrases, signify forward-looking statements. ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I’s forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results and conditions, and important factors, risks and uncertainties may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements.

 

You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Except as expressly required by the Federal securities laws, ETF Managers Capital, LLC undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements or the risks, uncertainties or other factors described in this Report, as a result of new information, future events or changed circumstances or for any other reason after the date of this Report.

 

Overview

 

The Trust is a Delaware statutory trust formed on July 23, 2014. The Trust is a series trust currently consisting of two publicly listed series: Breakwave Dry Bulk Shipping ETF (“BDRY”) and Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF (“BWET”). All of the series of the Trust are collectively referred to as the “Funds” and singularly as the “Fund.” Each Fund issues common units, called the “Shares,” representing fractional undivided beneficial interests in the respective Fund. The Trust and the Funds operate pursuant to the Trust’s Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement (the “Trust Agreement”).

 

The Sponsor has the power and authority to establish and designate one or more series and to issue shares thereof, from time to time as it deems necessary or desirable. The Sponsor has exclusive power to fix and determine the relative rights and preferences as between the shares of any series as to the right of redemption, special and relative rights as to dividends and other distributions and on liquidation, conversion rights, and conditions under which the series shall have separate voting rights or no voting rights. The term for which the Trust is to exist commenced on the date of the filing of the Certificate of Trust, and the Trust, the Funds, and any additional series created in the future will exist in perpetuity, unless earlier terminated in accordance with the provisions of the Trust Agreement. Separate and distinct records shall be maintained for each Fund and the assets associated with a Fund shall be held in such separate and distinct records (directly or indirectly, including a nominee or otherwise) and accounted for in such separate and distinct records separately from the assets of any other series. The Funds and each future series will be separate from all such series in respect of the assets and liabilities allocated to a Fund and each separate series and will represent a separate investment portfolio of the Trust.

 

The sole Trustee of the Trust is Wilmington Trust, N.A. (the “Trustee”), and the Trustee serves as the Trust’s corporate trustee as required under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act (“DSTA”). The Trustee’s principal offices are located at 1100 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19890. The Trustee is unaffiliated with the Sponsor. The rights and duties of the Trustee and the Sponsor with respect to the offering of the Shares and Fund management and the shareholders are governed by the provisions of the DSTA and by the Trust Agreement.

 

On March 9, 2018, the initial Form S-1 for BDRY was declared effective by the SEC. On March 21, 2018, two Creation Baskets were issued for the Fund, representing 100,000 shares and $2,500,000. The Fund began trading on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) Arca on March 22, 2018.

 

On April 28, 2023, the form S-1 for BWET was declared effective by the SEC. On May 1, 2023, eight Creation Baskets were issued for the Fund, representing 200,000 shares and $3,000,000. The Fund began trading on the NYSE Arca on May 3, 2023.

 

Each Fund is designed and managed to track the performance of a portfolio (a “Benchmark Portfolio”) consisting of futures contracts (the “Benchmark Component Instruments”).

 

19

 

 

Results of Operations

 

BDRY commenced investment operations on March 22, 2018 at $25.00 per Share. The Shares have been trading on the NYSE Arca since March 22, 2018 under the symbol “BDRY.”

 

BWET commenced investment operations on May 3, 2023 at $15.00 per Share. The Shares have been trading on the NYSE Arca since May 3, 2023 under the symbol “BWET.”

 

Each Fund seeks to track the daily return of the Benchmark Portfolio, over time, plus the excess, if any, of the Funds’ interest income from its holdings over the expenses of the Fund.

 

The following graphs illustrate changes in (i) the price of each Fund’s Shares (reflected, as applicable, by the graphs “Comparison of Per Share BDRY NAV to BDRY Market Value for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2023 and 2022”, “Comparison of Per Share BDRY NAV to BDRY Market Value for the Year Ended June 30, 2023 and 2022” and “Comparison of Per Share BWET NAV to BWET Market Value for the Period From May 3, 2023 (Commencement of Operations) to June 30, 2023” and (ii) each Fund’s NAV (as reflected by the graphs “Comparison of BDRY NAV to Benchmark Index for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2023 and 2022”, “Comparison of BDRY NAV to Benchmark Index for the Year Ended June 30, 2023 and 2022” and “Comparison of BWET NAV to Benchmark Index for the Period From May 3, 2023 (Commencement of Operations) to June 30, 2023”). BWET commenced operations on May 3, 2023, and as such, there is no prior period to compare to.

 

Each Benchmark Portfolio is frictionless, in that it does not take into account fees or expenses associated with investing in the applicable Fund. The performance of the Funds involves friction, in that fees and expenses impose a drag on performance.

 

Breakwave Dry Bulk Shipping ETF

 

During the year ended June 30, 2023, dry bulk spot rates eased versus the previous year, with the benchmark Baltic Dry Index declining steadily, reaching its lowest point in February 2023 at approximately the same levels as those of the early pandemic period before recovering a bit towards the end of the year. The main reasons for the relatively poor performance versus the previous year reflect relatively flat demand for bulk commodity goods from China combined with better fleet supply as a result of the unwinding of port congestion and fleet inefficiencies resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Year over year growth in bulk trading globally was strong, but such a performance reflected mainly base effects due to the very low absolute levels of 2022.

 

During the year, freight rates returned back to their historical ranges following two years of unexpectedly strong freight rates. The pattern of weak rates during the summer months followed by increasing demand for iron ore and coal transportation towards the end of the calendar year, was once again evident during the period. The first quarter of 2023 experienced seasonally weak rates, in line with expectations, but an initially expected strong recovery in the spring months failed to materialize, leading to a repricing of the futures curve as market participants begun to realize that a return to historical patterns was indeed materializing.

 

At the same time, the Chinese economy continued to show significant weakness versus recent years, especially when it comes to the real estate market, which is the main source for iron ore demand and thus dry bulk freight. Some early signs of recovery during the first quarter of 2023 provided some hope, but such a recovery was short lived with most real estate and construction indicators failing to provide sustainable signs of recovery as the first half of the year progressed.

 

During the pandemic years, congestion in major ports increased materially leading to a lower effective fleet supply. In addition, fleet inefficiencies resulting from various port policies as it relates to COVID-19 also added to such reduction in effective fleet supply. Such congestion and inefficiencies have now been gradually unwound, leading to an increase in effective fleet supply.

 

The combination of stable Chinese bulk commodity demand and higher effective fleet supply put pressure on spot freight rates leading to the relative underperformance year-over-year.

 

20

 

 

Differences in the benchmark return and BDRY net asset value per share are due primarily to the following factors:

 

  Benchmark portfolio uses settlement prices of freight futures vs. BDRY closing share price for BDRY.

 

  Benchmark portfolio roll methodology assumes rolls that happen evenly at fractions of lots vs. BDRY that transacts at real minimum lot size available pursuant to market practice (5 lots minimum).

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes rolls that are happening at daily settlement prices vs. BDRY that transacts at prevailing prices during the day that might or might not be equal to settlement prices.

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes no trading commissions vs. BDRY that pays 10bps of nominal value in commissions per transaction.

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes no clearing fees vs BDRY that pays approximately $12 per lot in clearing fees per transaction.

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes no management fees vs. BDRY fee structure.

 

  Creations and redemptions that lead to transactions in the freight futures market might occur at prices that might be different versus the settlement prices.

 

 

21

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The per Share market value of BDRY and its NAV tracked closely for the three months ended June 30, 2023.

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The per Share market value of BDRY and its NAV tracked closely for the year ended June 30, 2023.

 

 

22

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The per Share market value of BDRY and its NAV tracked closely for the three months ended June 30, 2022.

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The per Share market value of BDRY and its NAV tracked closely for the year ended June 30, 2022.

 

 

23

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR BENCHMARK PORTFOLIO LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The graph above compares the return of BDRY with the benchmark portfolio returns for the three months ended June 30, 2023. The difference in the NAV price and the benchmark value often results in the appearance of a NAV premium or discount to the benchmark. The difference is related to the cumulative impact on NAV of the Fund’s income and expenses during the period presented in the chart above.

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR BENCHMARK PORTFOLIO LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The graph above compares the return of BDRY with the benchmark portfolio returns for the year ended June 30, 2023. The difference in the NAV price and the benchmark value often results in the appearance of a NAV premium or discount to the benchmark. The difference is related to the cumulative impact on NAV of the Fund’s expenses during the period presented in the chart above.

 

 

 

24

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR BENCHMARK PORTFOLIO LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The graph above compares the return of BDRY with the benchmark portfolio returns for the three months ended June 30, 2022. The difference in the NAV price and the benchmark value often results in the appearance of a NAV premium or discount to the benchmark. The difference is related to the cumulative impact on NAV of the Fund’s income and expenses during the period presented in the chart above.

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR BENCHMARK PORTFOLIO LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The graph above compares the return of BDRY with the benchmark portfolio returns for the year ended June 30, 2022. The difference in the NAV price and the benchmark value often results in the appearance of a NAV premium or discount to the benchmark. The difference is related to the cumulative impact on NAV of the Fund’s income and expenses during the period presented in the chart above.

 

FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2023

 

Fund Share Price Performance

 

During the year ended June 30, 2023, the NYSE Arca market value of each share decreased (-67.68%) from $17.17 per share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2022, to $5.55 per share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2023. The share price high and low for the year ended June 30, 2023 and related change from the closing share price on June 30, 2022 was as follows: shares traded from a high of $17.16 per share (-0.06%) on July 1, 2022 to a low of $5.48 per share (-68.08%) on June 28, 2023.

 

25

 

 

Fund Share Net Asset Value Performance

 

For the year ended June 30, 2023, the net asset value of each share decreased (-67.6%) from $17.06 per share to $5.53 per share. Net losses in the futures contracts and Fund expenses resulted in the overall decrease in the NAV per share during the year ended June 30, 2023.

 

Net loss for the year ended June 30, 2023, was $36,530,822, resulting from net realized losses on investments and futures contracts of $30,983,820, net unrealized losses on investments and futures contracts of $4,404,570, and the net investment loss of $1,142,432.

 

FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2022

 

Fund Share Price Performance

 

During the year ended June 30, 2022, the NYSE Arca market value of each share decreased (-41.50%) from $29.35 per share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2021, to $17.17 per share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2022. The share price high and low for the year ended June 30, 2022 and related change from the closing share price on June 30, 2021 was as follows: shares traded from a high of $42.22 per share (+43.85%) on October 6, 2021 to a low of $19.12 per share (-34.86%) on November 16, 2021.

 

Fund Share Net Asset Value Performance

 

For the year ended June 30, 2022, the net asset value of each share decreased (-40.93%) from $28.88 per share to $17.06 per share. Net losses in the futures contracts and Fund expenses resulted in the overall decrease in the NAV per share during the year ended June 30, 2022.

 

Net loss for the year ended June 30, 2022, was $33,398,736, resulting from net realized gains on investments and futures contracts of $836,968, net unrealized losses on investments and futures contracts of $30,998,515, and the net investment loss of $3,247,189.

 

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2023

 

Fund Share Price Performance

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2023, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share decreased (-45.05%) from $10.10 per Share, representing the closing price on March 31, 2023, to $5.55 per Share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2023. The Share price high and low for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and related change from the closing Share price on March 31, 2023 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $10.35 per Share (+2.48%) on April 4, 2023 to a low of $5.48 per Share (-45.73%) on June 28, 2023.

 

Fund Share Net Asset Performance

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2023, the net asset value of each Share decreased (-44.76%) from $10.01 per Share to $5.53 per Share. For the three months ended June 30, 2023, losses in the investments and futures contracts and Fund expenses resulted in the overall decrease in the NAV per Share during the period.

 

Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2023, was $42,142,612, resulting from net realized losses on investments and futures contracts of $8,182,777, net unrealized losses on investments and futures contracts of $33,858,687, and the net investment loss of $101,148.

 

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2022

 

Fund Share Price Performance

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2022, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share decreased (-28.99%) from $24.18 per Share, representing the closing price on March 31, 2022, to $17.17 per Share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2022. The Share price high and low for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and related change from the closing Share price on March 31, 2022 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $26.07 per Share (+7.82%) on May 18, 2022 to a low of $15.60 per Share (-35.48%) on June 28, 2022.

 

Fund Share Net Asset Performance

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2022, the net asset value of each Share decreased (-21.01%) from $24.03 per Share to $17.06 per Share. For the three months ended June 30, 2022, losses in the investments and futures contracts more than offset Fund expenses resulting in the overall decrease in the NAV per Share during the period.

 

Net loss for the three months ended June 30, 2022, was $20,741,430, resulting from net realized losses on investments and futures contracts of $7,373,153, net unrealized losses on investments and futures contracts of $12,614,155, and the net investment loss of $754,122.

 

26

 

 

Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF

 

During the period starting on May 3, 2023 and ending on June 30, 2023, crude tanker spot rates experienced high volatility, with spot rates for Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCC) increasing sharply in early June, before correcting down to their previous level by the end of the month. The main reason for such a volatile performance was weather, with some unexpected vessel delays due to a typhoon that had developed in the Indian ocean causing charterers to seek alternative vessels thus pushing VLCC freight rates higher in the process. In addition, strong demand for VLCC in the Atlantic basin also contributed to a tighter market and thus supported spot freight rates.

 

The softening of the Chinese economy remains a major worry for the tanker market as the great majority of incremental crude oil is destined for Asia and mainly China. So far in 2023, the slowdown in growth in China has not had a major impact in oil demand as transportation fuels have seen significant growth in demand versus last year as a result of the lifting of the Covid-19 restrictions late in 2022. However, if the Chinese economy deteriorates further, and consumption growth slows down further, then demand for oil should also be negatively affected and thus demand for oil tankers will decline which could have a negative impact on spot freight rates for VLCCs.

 

Differences in the benchmark return and BWET net asset value per share are due primarily to the following factors:

 

  Benchmark portfolio uses settlement prices of freight futures vs. BWET closing share price for BWET.

 

  Benchmark portfolio roll methodology assumes rolls that happen evenly at fractions of lots vs. BWET that transacts at real minimum lot size available pursuant to market practice (5 lots minimum).

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes rolls that are happening at daily settlement prices vs. BWET that transacts at prevailing prices during the day that might or might not be equal to settlement prices.

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes no trading commissions vs. BWET that pays $0.04 per ton in commissions per transaction.

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes no clearing fees vs BWET that pays approximately $7 per lot in clearing fees per transaction.

 

  Benchmark portfolio assumes no management fees vs. BWET fee structure.

 

  Creations and redemptions that lead to transactions in the freight futures market might occur at prices that might be different versus the settlement prices.

 

 

27

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR INDEX LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The per Share market value of BWET and its NAV tracked closely for period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

 

NEITHER THE PAST PERFORMANCE OF THE FUND NOR THE PRIOR BENCHMARK PORTFOLIO LEVELS AND CHANGES, POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE, SHOULD BE TAKEN AS AN INDICATION OF THE FUND’S FUTURE PERFORMANCE.

 

The graph above compares the return of BWET with the benchmark portfolio returns for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023. The difference in the NAV price and the benchmark value often results in the appearance of a NAV premium or discount to the benchmark. The difference is related to the cumulative impact on NAV of the Fund’s expenses during the period presented in the chart above.

 

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2023

 

Fund Share Price Performance

 

During the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, the NYSE Arca market value of each Share increased (+45.51%) from $14.35 per Share, representing the initial trade on May 3, 2023, to $20.88 per Share, representing the closing price on June 30, 2023. The Share price high and low for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023 and related change from the opening Share price on May 3, 2023 was as follows: Shares traded from a high of $22.92 per Share (+59.72%) on June 15, 2023 to a low of $12.47 per Share (-13.10%) on May 8, 2023.

 

28

 

 

Fund Share Net Asset Performance

 

For the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, the net asset value of each Share increased (+38.87%) from $15.00 per Share to $20.83 per Share. For the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, gains in the investments and futures contracts more than offset Fund expenses resulting in the overall increase in the NAV per Share during the period.

 

Net income for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, was $1,167,252, resulting from net realized gains on investments and futures contracts of $375,516, net unrealized gains on investments and futures contracts of $825,287, and the net investment loss of $33,551.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

Preparation of the combined financial statements and related disclosures in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires the application of appropriate accounting rules and guidance, as well as the use of estimates. Each Fund’s application of these policies involves judgments and the use of estimates. Actual results may differ from the estimates used and such differences could be material. The Funds hold a significant portion of their assets in futures contracts and money market funds, which are held at fair value.

 

There were no material estimates, which involve a significant level of estimation uncertainty and had or are reasonably likely to have had a material impact on the Funds’ financial condition, used in the preparation of these combined financial statements.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Funds do not anticipate making use of borrowings or other lines of credit to meet their obligations. The Funds meet their liquidity needs in the normal course of business from the proceeds of the sale of their investments or from the cash, and cash equivalents that they hold. The Funds’ liquidity needs include: redeeming their shares, providing margin deposits for existing Benchmark Component Instruments, the purchase of additional Benchmark Component Instruments, and paying expenses.

 

The Funds generate cash primarily from (i) the sale of Creation Baskets and (ii) interest earned on cash, and cash equivalents. Generally, all of the net assets of the Funds are allocated to trading in Benchmark Component Instruments. Most of the assets of the Funds are held in Freight Futures, cash and/or cash equivalents that could or are used as margin or collateral for trading in Benchmark Component Instruments. The percentage that such assets bear to the total net assets will vary from period to period as the market values of the Benchmark Component Instruments change. Interest earned on interest-bearing assets of the Funds is paid to the Funds. During the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, BDRY earned $1,255,773 and $33,040, respectively, in interest income. BWET earned $4,478 in interest income for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

The investments of the Funds in Benchmark Component Instruments could be subject to periods of illiquidity because of market conditions, regulatory considerations and other reasons. Such conditions could prevent the Funds from promptly liquidating a position in Benchmark Component Instruments. Commodity exchanges may limit fluctuations in certain futures contract prices during a single day by regulations referred to as “daily limits.” During a single day, no futures trades may be executed at prices beyond the daily limit. Once the price of a futures contract has increased or decreased by an amount equal to the daily limit, positions in such futures contracts can neither be taken nor liquidated unless the traders are willing to effect trades at or within the limit. Futures contract prices have occasionally moved to the daily limit for several consecutive days with little or no trading. Such market conditions could prevent the Funds from promptly liquidating their futures positions.

 

Because the Funds trade futures contracts, their capital is at risk due to changes in the value of these contracts (market risk) or the inability of counter-parties to perform under the terms of the contracts (credit risk).

 

29

 

 

Market Risk

 

Trading in Benchmark Component Instruments such as futures contracts will involve the Funds entering into contractual commitments to purchase or sell specific amounts of instruments at a specified date in the future. The gross or face amount of the contracts is expected to significantly exceed the future cash requirements of the Funds as the Funds intend to close out any open positions prior to the contractual expiration date. As a result, the Funds’ market risk is the risk of loss arising from the decline in value of the contracts, not from the need to make delivery under the contracts. The Funds consider the “fair value” of derivative instruments to be the unrealized gain or loss on the contracts. The market risk associated with the commitment by the Funds to purchase a specific contract will be limited to the aggregate face amount of the contracts held.

 

The exposure of the Funds to market risk will depend on a number of factors including the markets for the specific instrument, the volatility of interest rates and foreign exchange rates, the liquidity of the instrument-specific market and the relationships among the contracts held by the Funds.

  

Credit Risk

 

When the Funds enters into Benchmark Component Instruments, they will be exposed to the credit risk that the counterparty will not be able to meet its obligations. For purposes of credit risk, the counterparty for the Benchmark Component Instruments traded on or cleared by the futures exchanges is the clearinghouse associated with those exchanges. In general, clearinghouses are backed by their members who may be required to share in the financial burden resulting from the nonperformance of one of their members, which should significantly reduce credit risk. There can be no assurance that any counterparty, clearinghouse, or their financial backers will satisfy their obligations to the Funds.

 

The Sponsor will attempt to minimize certain of these market and credit risks by normally:

 

  executing and clearing trades with creditworthy counterparties, as determined by the Sponsor;

 

  limiting the outstanding amounts due from counterparties of the Funds;

 

  not posting margin directly with a counterparty; and

 

  limiting the amount of margin or premium posted at the FCM.

 

The Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”) requires all FCMs, such as the Funds’ clearing brokers, to meet and maintain specified fitness and financial requirements, to segregate customer funds from proprietary funds and account separately for all customers’ funds and positions, and to maintain specified books and records open to inspection by the staff of the CFTC. The CFTC has similar authority over introducing brokers, or persons who solicit or accept orders for commodity interest trades but who do not accept margin deposits for the execution of trades. The CEA authorizes the CFTC to regulate trading by FCMs and by their officers and directors, permits the CFTC to require action by exchanges in the event of market emergencies, and establishes an administrative procedure under which customers may institute complaints for damages arising from alleged violations of the CEA. The CEA also gives the states powers to enforce its provisions and the regulations of the CFTC.

 

On November 14, 2013, the CFTC published final regulations that require enhanced customer protections, risk management programs, internal monitoring and controls, capital and liquidity standards, customer disclosures and auditing and examination programs for FCMs. The rules are intended to afford greater assurances to market participants that customer segregated funds and secured amounts are protected, customers are provided with appropriate notice of the risks of futures trading and of the FCMs with which they may choose to do business, FCMs are monitoring and managing risks in a robust manner, the capital and liquidity of FCMs are strengthened to safeguard the continued operations and the auditing and examination programs of the CFTC and the self-regulatory organizations are monitoring the activities of FCMs in a thorough manner.

 

30

 

 

Off Balance Sheet Financing

 

As of June 30, 2023, neither the Trust nor the Funds have any loan guarantees, credit support or other off-balance sheet arrangements of any kind other than agreements entered into in the normal course of business, which may include indemnification provisions relating to certain risks service providers undertake in performing services which are in the best interests of the Funds. While the exposure of the Funds under these indemnification provisions cannot be estimated, they are not expected to have a material impact on the financial position of the Funds.

 

Redemption Basket Obligation

 

Other than as necessary to meet the investment objective of the Funds and pay the contractual obligations described below, the Funds will require liquidity to redeem Redemption Baskets. The Funds intend to satisfy this obligation through the transfer of cash of the Funds (generated, if necessary, through the sale of Freight Futures) in an amount proportionate to the number of Shares being redeemed.

  

Contractual Obligations

 

The primary contractual obligations of the Funds will be with the Sponsor and certain other service providers.

 

Breakwave Dry Bulk Shipping ETF

 

BDRY pays a Sponsor Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to the greater of (i) 0.15% per year of the Fund’s average daily net assets; or (ii) $125,000. The Sponsor Fee is paid in consideration of the Sponsor’s management services to the Fund. BDRY also pays Breakwave a license and service fee (the “CTA Fee”) monthly in arrears, for the use of BDRY’s Benchmark Portfolio in an amount equal to 1.45% per annum of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

 

Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF

 

BWET pays a Sponsor Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to the greater of (i) 0.30% per year of the Fund’s average daily net assets; or (ii) $50,000. The Sponsor Fee is paid in consideration of the Sponsor’s management services to the Fund. BWET also pays Breakwave a license and service fee (the “CTA Fee”) monthly in arrears, for the use of BWET’s Benchmark Portfolio in an amount equal to 1.45% per annum of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

 

Both Funds

 

Breakwave has agreed to waive its license and services fee and the Sponsor has agreed to correspondingly assume the remaining expenses of the Funds so that each Fund’s expenses do not exceed an annual rate of 3.50%, excluding brokerage commissions, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses, of the value of the Funds’ average daily net assets (the “Expense Cap”). The assumption of expenses and waiver of the license and services fee are contractual on the part of the Sponsor and Breakwave, respectively, through March 31, 2025. If after that date, the Sponsor and/or Breakwave no longer assumed expenses or waived the CTA Fee, respectively, the Funds could be adversely impacted, including in their ability to achieve their investment objectives.

 

The Funds currently accrue their daily expenses based on accrued expense amounts established and monitored by the Sponsor, subject to the Expense Cap. At the end of each month, the accrued amount is remitted to the Sponsor as the Sponsor has assumed, and is responsible for the payment of, the routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of the Funds. BDRY aggregated $734,699 and $783,914, of which $-0- and $-0- was waived by Breakwave for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. BWET aggregated $123,053, of which $7,574 was waived by Breakwave for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023. In addition, expenses assumed by the Sponsor for BDRY aggregated $-0- and $-0- for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. For BWET, the Sponsor assumed $77,450 of expenses for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

31

 

 

Each Funds’ ongoing fees, costs and expenses of its operation, not subject to the Expense Cap include brokerage, brokerage interest and regulatory capital charges and other fees and commissions incurred in connection with the trading activities of the Funds, and extraordinary expenses (including, but not limited to, legal claims and liabilities and litigation costs and any indemnification related thereto). Expenses subject to the Expense Cap include (i) expenses incurred in connection with registering additional Shares of the Funds or offering Shares of the Funds; (ii) the routine expenses associated with the preparation and, if required, the printing and mailing of monthly, quarterly, annual and other reports required by applicable U.S. federal and state regulatory authorities, Trust meetings and preparing, printing and mailing proxy statements to Shareholders; (iii) the routine services of the Trustee, legal counsel and independent accountants; (iv) routine accounting, bookkeeping, custodial and transfer agency services, whether performed by an outside service provider or by affiliates of the Sponsor; (v) postage and insurance; (vi) costs and expenses associated with client relations and services; (vii) costs of preparation of all federal, state, local and foreign tax returns and any taxes payable on the income, assets or operations of the Funds.

 

While the Sponsor has agreed to pay registration fees to the SEC and any other regulatory agency in connection with the offer and sale of the Shares offered through each Fund’s prospectus, the legal, printing, accounting and other expenses associated with such registration, and the initial fee of $7,500 for listing the Shares on the NYSE Arca, each Fund will be responsible for any registration fees and related expenses incurred in connection with any future offer and sale of Shares of the Funds in excess of those offered through its prospectus.

 

Any general expenses of the Trust will be allocated among the Funds and any other series of the Trust as determined by the Sponsor in its sole and absolute discretion. The Trust is also responsible for extraordinary expenses, including, but not limited to, legal claims and liabilities and litigation costs and any indemnification related thereto. The Trust and/or the Sponsor may be required to indemnify the Trustee, Distributor or Administrator under certain circumstances.

 

The parties cannot anticipate the amount of payments that will be required under these arrangements for future periods as the NAV and trading levels to meet investment objectives for the Funds will not be known until a future date. These agreements are effective for a specific term agreed upon by the parties with an option to renew, or, in some cases, are in effect for the duration of a Fund’s existence. The parties may terminate these agreements earlier for certain reasons listed in the agreements.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Not applicable to Smaller Reporting Companies.

 

32

 

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplemental Data.

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities

June 30, 2023

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
Assets                  
Investment in securities, at fair value (cost $39,591,860 and $475,048, respectively)   $ 39,591,860     $ 475,048     $ 40,066,908  
Segregated cash held by broker     35,323,736       2,879,954       38,203,690  
Receivable on open futures contracts    
-
      825,287       825,287  
Interest receivable     145,794       2,001       147,795  
Total assets     75,061,390       4,182,290       79,243,680  
Liabilities                        
Due to Sponsor     156,055       8,776       164,831  
Payable on open futures contracts     13,669,745      
-
      13,669,745  
Other accrued expenses     41,691       4,762       46,453  
Total liabilities     13,867,491       13,538       13,881,029  
                         
Net Assets   $ 61,193,899     $ 4,168,752       65,362,651  
                         
Shares outstanding (unlimited authorized)     11,075,040       200,100          
Net asset value per share   $ 5.53     $ 20.83          
Market value per share   $ 5.55     $ 20.88          

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

33

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities

June 30, 2022

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
Assets                  
Investment in securities, at fair value (cost $17,208,763)   $ 17,208,763     $
               -
    $ 17,208,763  
Segregated cash held by broker     37,188,477      
-
      37,188,477  
Subscriptions receivable     1,684,835      
-
      1,684,835  
Interest receivable     17,241      
-
      17,241  
Total assets     56,099,316      
-
      56,099,316  
Liabilities                        
Due to Sponsor     271,746      
-
      271,746  
Payable on open futures contracts     9,265,175      
-
      9,265,175  
Other accrued expenses     75,227      
-
      75,227  
Total liabilities     9,612,148      
-
      9,612,148  
                         
Net Assets   $ 46,487,168     $
-
    $ 46,487,168  
                         
Shares outstanding (unlimited authorized)     2,725,040      
-
         
Net asset value per share   $ 17.06     $
-
         
Market value per share   $ 17.17     $
-
         

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

34

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Schedule of Investments

June 30, 2023

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
                   
MONEY MARKET FUNDS - 64.7% and 11.4%, respectively                  
First American US Treasury Obligations Fund, Class X, 5.04% (a)   $ 39,591,860     $ 475,048     $ 40,066,908  
TOTAL MONEY MARKET FUNDS (Cost $39,591,860 and $475,048, respectively)     39,591,860       475,048       40,066,908  
                         
Total Investments (Cost $39,591,860 and $475,048, respectively) - 64.7% and 11.4%, respectively     39,591,860       475,048       40,066,908  
Other Assets in Excess of Liabilities - 35.3% and 88.6%, respectively (b)     21,602,039       3,693,704       25,295,743  
                         
TOTAL NET ASSETS - 100.0% and 100.0%, respectively   $ 61,193,899     $ 4,168,752     $ 65,362,651  

 

(a) Annualized seven-day yield as of June 30, 2023.
(b) $35,323,736 and $2,879,954, respectively, of cash is pledged as collateral for futures contracts.

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF   Unrealized     Unrealized     ETF MANAGERS GROUP  
Futures Contracts   Appreciation/     Appreciation/     COMMODITY  
June 30, 2023   (Depreciation)     (Depreciation)     TRUST I  
                 
Baltic Capesize Time Charter Expiring July 28, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $9,552,340) (620 contracts)   $ (2,288,410 )   $
            -
    $ (2,288,410 )
Baltic Capesize Time Charter Expiring August 25, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $10,172,340) (620 contracts)     (1,668,410 )    
-
      (1,668,410 )
Baltic Capesize Time Charter Expiring September 29, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $10,781,180) (620 contracts)     (1,059,570 )    
-
      (1,059,570 )
Baltic Exchange Panamax T/C Average Shipping Route Index Expiring July 28, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $7,122,330) (810 contracts)     (3,404,475 )    
-
      (3,404,475 )
Baltic Exchange Panamax T/C Average Shipping Route Index Expiring August 25, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $8,311,410) (810 contracts)     (2,248,325 )    
-
      (2,248,325 )
Baltic Exchange Panamax T/C Average Shipping Route Index Expiring September 29, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $9,218,610) (810 contracts)     (1,356,325 )    
-
      (1,356,325 )
Baltic Exchange Supramax T/C Average Shipping Route Expiring July 28, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,752,750) (190 contracts)     (732,250 )    
-
      (732,250 )
Baltic Exchange Supramax T/C Average Shipping Route Expiring August 25, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,938,000) (190 contracts)     (547,000 )    
-
      (547,000 )
Baltic Exchange Supramax T/C Average Shipping Route Expiring September 29, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $2,120,000) (190 contracts)     (364,980 )    
-
      (364,980 )
                         
    $ (13,669,745 )   $
-
    $ (13,669,745 )

 

BREAKWAVE TANKER SHIPPING ETF   Unrealized     Unrealized     ETF MANAGERS GROUP  
Futures Contracts   Appreciation/     Appreciation/     COMMODITY  
June 30, 2023   (Depreciation)     (Depreciation)     TRUST I  
                   
Baltic Freight Route Middle East Gulf to China Expiring July 28, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,296,000) (90 contracts)   $
            -
    $ 300,377     $ 300,377  
Baltic Freight Route Middle East Gulf to China Expiring August 25, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,229,400) (90 contracts)    
-
      233,777       233,777  
Baltic Freight Route Middle East Gulf to China Expiring September 29, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,234,800) (90 contracts)    
-
      239,177       239,177  
Baltic Freight Route West Africa to UK Continent Expiring July 28, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $95,450) (5 contracts)    
-
      19,567       19,567  
Baltic Freight Route West Africa to UK Continent Expiring August 25, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $179,400) (10 contracts)    
-
      19,121       19,121  
Baltic Freight Route West Africa to UK Continent Expiring September 29, 2023 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $89,150) (5 contracts)    
-
      13,268       13,268  
                         
    $
-
    $ 825,287     $ 825,287  

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

35

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Schedules of Investments

June 30, 2022

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
                   
MONEY MARKET FUNDS - 37.0%                  
First American US Treasury Obligations Fund, Class X, 1.31% (a)   $ 17,208,763     $
           -
    $ 17,208,763  
TOTAL MONEY MARKET FUNDS (Cost $17,208,763)     17,208,763      
-
      17,208,763  
                         
Total Investments (Cost $17,208,763) - 37.0%     17,208,763      
-
      17,208,763  
Other Assets in Excess of Liabilities - 63.0% (b)     29,278,405      
-
      29,278,405  
                         
TOTAL NET ASSETS - 100.0%   $ 46,487,168     $
-
    $ 46,487,168  

 

(a) Annualized seven-day yield as of June 30, 2022.
(b) $37,188,477 of cash is pledged as collateral for futures contracts.

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF   Unrealized     ETF MANAGERS GROUP  
Futures Contracts   Appreciation/     COMMODITY  
June 30, 2022   (Depreciation)     TRUST I  
             
             
Baltic Capesize Time Charter Expiring July 29, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $6,834,850) (275 contracts)   $ (2,692,960 )   $ (2,692,960 )
Baltic Capesize Time Charter Expiring August 26, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $7,891,400) (275 contracts)     (1,694,040 )     (1,694,040 )
Baltic Capesize Time Charter Expiring September 23, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $8,752,975) (275 contracts)     (879,460 )     (879,460 )
Baltic Exchange Panamax T/C Average Shipping Route Index Expiring July 29, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $5,990,220) (270 contracts)     (1,256,570 )     (1,256,570 )
Baltic Exchange Panamax T/C Average Shipping Route Index Expiring August 26, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $6,180,030) (270 contracts)     (1,079,305 )     (1,079,305 )
Baltic Exchange Panamax T/C Average Shipping Route Index Expiring September 23, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $6,307,470) (270 contracts)     (960,195 )     (960,195 )
Baltic Exchange Supramax T/C Average Shipping Route Expiring July 29, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,455,000) (60 contracts)     (247,875 )     (247,875 )
Baltic Exchange Supramax T/C Average Shipping Route Expiring August 26, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,507,500) (60 contracts)     (205,395 )     (205,395 )
Baltic Exchange Supramax T/C Average Shipping Route Expiring September 23, 2022 (Underlying Face Amount at Market Value - $1,467,000) (60 contracts)     (249,375 )     (249,375 )
                 
    $ (9,265,175 )   $ (9,265,175 )

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

36

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Operations

Year Ended Ended June 30, 2023

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF*
    COMBINED  
Investment Income                  
Interest   $ 1,255,773     $ 4,478     $ 1,260,251  
                         
Expenses                        
Sponsor fee     128,597       8,083       136,680  
CTA fee     760,089       7,574       767,663  
Audit fees     78,000       20,000       98,000  
Tax preparation fees     205,073       16,568       221,641  
Admin/accounting/custodian/transfer agent fees     66,005       9,666       75,671  
Legal fees     45,002       7,274       52,276  
Chief Compliance Officer fees     24,999       4,041       29,040  
Principal Financial Officer fees     24,999       4,041       29,040  
Regulatory reporting fees     24,999       4,041       29,040  
Brokerage commissions     684,169       19,746       703,915  
Distribution fees     15,707       2,539       18,246  
NJ Filing fees     172,716       7,500       180,216  
Insurance expense     15,001       2,425       17,426  
Listing and calculation agent fees     9,203       1,091       10,294  
Marketing expenses     36,003       2,425       38,428  
Other expenses     15,001       2,425       17,426  
Website Support and Marketing Materials     10,502       205       10,707  
Printing and Postage     15,111       200       15,311  
Wholesale support fees     87,902       3,209       91,111  
Interest expense     1,561      
-
      1,561  
Total Expenses     2,420,639       123,053       2,543,692  
Less: Waiver of CTA fee     (22,434 )     (7,574 )     (30,008 )
Less: Expenses absorbed by Sponsor    
-
      (77,450 )     (77,450 )
Net Expenses     2,398,205       38,029       2,436,234  
Net Investment Income (Loss)     (1,142,432 )     (33,551 )     (1,175,983 )
                         
Net Realized and Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Investment Activity                        
                         
Net Realized Gain (Loss) on                        
Investments, and futures contracts     (30,983,820 )     375,516       (30,608,304 )
                         
Change in Unrealized Gain (Loss) on                        
Investments, and futures contracts     (4,404,570 )     825,287       (3,579,283 )
Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)     (35,388,390 )     1,200,803       (34,187,587 )
Net income (loss)   $ (36,530,822 )   $ 1,167,252     $ (35,363,570 )

 

* Period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of investment operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

37

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Operations

Year Ended Ended June 30, 2022

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK
    BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
Investment Income                  
Interest   $ 33,040     $
            -
    $ 33,040  
                         
Expenses                        
Sponsor fee     131,335      
-
      131,335  
CTA fee     1,056,037      
-
      1,056,037  
Audit fees     69,847      
-
      69,847  
Tax preparation fees     461,064      
-
      461,064  
Admin/accounting/custodian/transfer agent fees     64,618      
-
      64,618  
Legal fees     45,002      
-
      45,002  
Chief Compliance Officer fees     24,999      
-
      24,999  
Principal Financial Officer fees     24,999      
-
      24,999  
Regulatory reporting fees     24,999      
-
      24,999  
Brokerage commissions     665,810      
-
      665,810  
Distribution fees     15,707      
-
      15,707  
NJ Filing fees     373,410      
-
      373,410  
Insurance expense     15,001      
-
      15,001  
Listing and calculation agent fees     10,201      
-
      10,201  
Marketing expenses     18,001      
-
      18,001  
Amortization of offering costs     24,071      
-
      24,071  
Other expenses     17,901      
-
      17,901  
Website support and marketing materials     13,879      
-
      13,879  
Printing and Postage     39,237      
-
      39,237  
Wholesale support fees     112,393      
-
      112,393  
Interest expense     71,718      
-
      71,718  
Total Expenses     3,280,229      
-
      3,280,229  
Less: Waiver of CTA fee    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Less: Expenses absorbed by Sponsor    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Net Expenses     3,280,229      
-
      3,280,229  
Net Investment Income (Loss)     (3,247,189 )    
-
      (3,247,189 )
                         
Net Realized and Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Investment Activity                        
                         
Net Realized Gain (Loss) on                        
Investments, futures and options contracts     836,968      
-
      836,968  
                         
Change in Unrealized Gain (Loss) on                        
Investments, futures and options contracts     (30,988,515 )    
-
      (30,988,515 )
Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)     (30,151,547 )    
-
      (30,151,547 )
Net income (loss)   $ (33,398,736 )   $
-
    $ (33,398,736 )

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

38

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Changes in Net Assets

Year Ended June 30, 2023

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF*
    COMBINED  
                   
Net Assets at Beginning of Year   $ 46,487,168     $
-
    $ 46,487,168  
                         
Increase (decrease) in Net Assets from share transactions                        
Addition of 14,975,000 and 200,100 shares, respectively     112,635,604       3,001,500       115,637,104  
Redemption of 6,625,000 and -0- shares, respectively     (61,398,051 )    
-
      (61,398,051 )
Net increase (decrease) in Net Assets from share transactions     51,237,553       3,001,500       54,239,053  
                         
Increase (decrease) in Net Assets from operations                        
Net investment income (loss)     (1,142,432 )     (33,551 )     (1,175,983 )
Net realized gain (loss)     (30,983,820 )     375,516       (30,608,304 )
Change in net unrealized gain (loss)     (4,404,570 )     825,287       (3,579,283 )
                         
Net increase (decrease) in Net Assets from operations     (36,530,822 )     1,167,252       (35,363,570 )
                         
Net Assets at End of Year   $ 61,193,899     $ 4,168,752     $ 65,362,651  

 

* Period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of investment operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

39

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Changes in Net Assets

Year Ended June 30, 2022

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
                   
Net Assets at Beginning of Year   $ 114,077,152     $
          -
    $ 114,077,152  
                         
Increase (decrease) in Net Assets from share transactions                        
Addition of 4,850,000 shares     125,116,790      
-
      125,116,790  
Redemption of 6,075,000 shares     (159,308,038 )    
-
      (159,308,038 )
Net increase (decrease) in Net Assets from share transactions     (34,191,248 )     -       (34,191,248 )
                         
Increase (decrease) in Net Assets from operations                        
Net investment income (loss)     (3,247,189 )     -       (3,247,189 )
Net realized gain (loss)     836,968      
-
      836,968  
Change in net unrealized gain (loss)     (30,988,515 )    
-
      (30,988,515 )
                         
Net increase (decrease) in Net Assets from operations     (33,398,736 )    
-
      (33,398,736 )
                         
Net Assets at End of Year   $ 46,487,168     $
-
    $ 46,487,168  

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

40

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Cash Flows

Year Ended June 30, 2023

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF*
    COMBINED  
                   
Cash flows provided by/used in operating activities                  
Net income (loss)   $ (36,530,822 )   $ 1,167,252     $ (35,363,570 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by/used in operating activities:                        
Net realized gain (loss) on investments     30,983,820       (375,516 )     30,608,304  
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on investments     4,404,570       (825,287 )     3,579,283  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:                        
Sale (Purchase) of investments - net     (57,771,487 )     725,755       (57,045,732 )
Decrease in subscriptions receivable     1,684,835      
-
      1,684,835  
Increase in interest receivable     (128,553 )     (2,001 )     (130,554 )
Increase in receivable on open futures contracts    
-
      (825,287 )     (825,287 )
Increase in payable on open futures contracts     4,404,570      
-
      4,404,570  
Increase (decrease) in due to Sponsor     (115,691 )     8,776       (106,915 )
Increase (decrease) in other accrued expenses     (33,536 )     4,762       (28,774 )
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities     (53,102,294 )     (121,546 )     (53,223,840 )
Cash flows from financing activities                        
Proceeds from sale of shares     112,635,604       3,001,500       115,637,104  
Paid on redemption of shares     (61,398,051 )    
-
      (61,398,051 )
Net cash provided by/used in financing activities     51,237,553       3,001,500       54,239,053  
Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash     (1,864,741 )     2,879,954       1,015,213  
Cash and restricted cash, beginning of year     37,188,477      
-
      37,188,477  
Cash and restricted cash, end of year   $ 35,323,736     $ 2,879,954     $ 38,203,690  
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and restricted cash reported within the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities that sum to the total of such amounts shown on the Combined Statements of Cash Flows.                        
Cash   $
-
    $
-
    $
-
 
Segregated cash held by broker     35,323,736       2,879,954       38,203,690  
Total cash and restricted cash as shown on the combined statements of cash flows.   $ 35,323,736     $ 2,879,954     $ 38,203,690  

 

* Period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of investment operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

41

 

 

ETF MANAGERS GROUP COMMODITY TRUST I

Combined Statements of Cash Flows

Year Ended June 30, 2022

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER        
    SHIPPING
ETF
    SHIPPING
ETF
    COMBINED  
                   
Cash flows provided by/used in operating activities                  
Net income (loss)   $ (33,398,736 )   $
          -
    $ (33,398,736 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by/used in operating activities:                        
Net realized gain (loss) on investments     (836,968 )    
-
      (836,968 )
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on investments     30,988,515      
-
      30,988,515  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:                        
Sale (Purchase) of investments - net     (4,706,252 )    
-
      (4,706,252 )
Increase in interest receivable     (16,798 )    
-
      (16,798 )
Decrease in receivable on open futures contracts     20,038,735      
-
      20,038,735  
Increase in payable on open futures contracts     9,265,175      
-
      9,265,175  
Decrease in prepaid expenses     24,071      
-
      24,071  
Increase (decrease) in due to Sponsor     36,675      
-
      36,675  
Decrease in other accrued expenses     (55,280 )    
-
      (55,280 )
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities     21,339,137      
-
      21,339,137  
Cash flows from financing activities                        
Proceeds from sale of shares     125,116,790      
-
      125,116,790  
Paid on redemption of shares     (159,308,038 )    
-
      (159,308,038 )
Net cash provided by/used in financing activities     (34,191,248 )    
-
      (34,191,248 )
Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash     (12,852,111 )    
-
      (12,852,111 )
Cash and restricted cash, beginning of year     50,040,588      
-
      50,040,588  
Cash and restricted cash, end of year   $ 37,188,477     $
-
    $ 37,188,477  
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and restricted cash reported within the Statements of Assets and Liabilities that sum to the total of such amounts shown on the Statements of Cash Flows.                        
Cash   $
-
    $
-
    $
-
 
Segregated cash held by broker     37,188,477      
-
      37,188,477  
Total cash and restricted cash as shown on the statement of cash flows.   $ 37,188,477     $
-
    $ 37,188,477  

 

See accompanying notes to combined financial statements.

 

42

 

 

ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I

Notes to Combined Financial Statements

June 30, 2023 and 2022

 

(1) Organization

 

ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I (the “Trust”) was organized as a Delaware statutory trust on July 23, 2014. The Trust is a series trust formed pursuant to the Delaware Statutory Trust Act and currently consists of two separate series. BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF (“BDRY), is the first series of the Trust and is a commodity pool that continuously issues shares of beneficial interest that may be purchased and sold on the NYSE Arca. The second series of the Trust, BREAKWAVE TANKER SHIPPING ETF (“BWET”, each a “Fund” and together with BDRY, the “Funds”), is also a commodity pool that continuously issues shares of beneficial interest that may be purchased and sold on the NYSE Arca. The Funds are managed and controlled by ETF Managers Capital LLC (the “Sponsor”), a Delaware limited liability company. The Sponsor is registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) as a “commodity pool operator” (“CPO”) and is a member of the National Futures Trading Association (“NFA”). Breakwave Advisors, LLC (“Breakwave”) is registered as a “commodity trading advisor” (“CTA”) with the CFTC and serves as the Funds commodity trading advisor. 

 

BDRY commenced investment operations on March 22, 2018. BDRY commenced trading on NYSE Arca on March 22, 2018 and trades under the symbol “BDRY.”

 

BDRY’s investment objective is to provide investors with exposure to the daily change in the price of dry bulk freight futures, before expenses and liabilities of BDRY, by tracking the performance of a portfolio (the “BDRY Benchmark Portfolio”) consisting of a three-month strip of the nearest calendar quarter of futures contracts on specified indexes (each a “Reference Index”) that measure rates for shipping dry bulk freight (“Freight Futures”). Each Reference Index is published each United Kingdom business day by the London-based Baltic Exchange Ltd. (the “Baltic Exchange”) and measures the charter rate for shipping dry bulk freight in a specific size category of cargo ship – Capesize, Panamax or Supramax. The three Reference Indexes are as follows:

 

  Capesize: the Capesize 5TC Index;

 

  Panamax: the Panamax 4TC Index; and

 

  Supramax: the Supramax 6TC Index.

 

The value of the Capesize 5TC Index is disseminated at 11:00 a.m., London Time and the value of the Panamax 4TC Index and the Supramax 6TC Index each is disseminated at 1:00 p.m., London Time. The Reference Index information disseminated by the Baltic Exchange also includes the components and value of each component in each Reference Index. Such Reference Index information also is widely disseminated by Reuters and/or other major market data vendors.

 

BDRY seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing substantially all of its assets in the Freight Futures currently constituting the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio includes all existing positions to maturity and settles them in cash. During any given calendar quarter, the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio progressively increases its positions to the next calendar quarter three-month strip, thus maintaining constant exposure to the Freight Futures market as positions mature.

 

The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio maintains long-only positions in Freight Futures. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio includes a combination of Capesize, Panamax and Supramax Freight Futures. More specifically, the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio includes 50% exposure in Capesize Freight Futures contracts, 40% exposure in Panamax Freight Futures contracts and 10% exposure in Supramax Freight Futures contracts. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio does not include and BDRY does not invest in swaps, non-cleared dry bulk freight forwards or other over-the-counter derivative instruments that are not cleared through exchanges or clearing houses. BDRY may hold exchange-traded options on Freight Futures. The BDRY Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave and will be rebalanced annually. The Freight Futures currently constituting the BDRY Benchmark Portfolio, as well as the daily holdings of BDRY are available on BDRY’s website at www.drybulketf.com.

 

43

 

 

When establishing positions in Freight Futures, BDRY will be required to deposit initial margin with a value of approximately 10% to 40% of the notional value of each Freight Futures position at the time it is established. These margin requirements are established and subject to change from time to time by the relevant exchanges, clearing houses or BDRY’s FCM, Marex Financial Ltd (formerly ED&F Man Capital Markets, Inc.). On a daily basis, BDRY is obligated to pay, or entitled to receive, variation margin in an amount equal to the change in the daily settlement level of its Freight Futures positions. Any assets not required to be posted as margin with the FCM may be held at BDRY’s custodian or remain with the FCM in cash or cash equivalents, as discussed below.

 

BDRY was created to provide investors with a cost-effective and convenient way to gain exposure to daily changes in the price of Freight Futures. BDRY is intended to be used as a diversification opportunity as part of a complete portfolio, not a complete investment program.

 

The Fund will incur certain expenses in connection with its operations. The Fund will hold cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasuries or other high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities for direct investment or as collateral for the Treasury Instruments and for other liquidity purposes and to meet redemptions that may be necessary on an ongoing basis. These expenses and income from the cash and cash equivalent holdings may cause imperfect correlation between changes in the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”) and changes in the Benchmark Portfolio, because the Benchmark Portfolio does not reflect expenses or income.

 

The Fund seeks to trade its positions prior to maturity; accordingly, natural market forces may cost the Fund while rebalancing. Each time the Fund seeks to reconstitute its positions, barring movement in the underlying securities, the futures and option prices may be higher or lower. Such differences in price, barring a movement in the price of the underlying security, will constitute “roll yield” and may inhibit the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

Several factors determine the total return from investing in a futures contract position. One factor that impacts the total return that will result from investing in near month futures contracts and “rolling” those contracts forward each month is the price relationship between the current near month contract and the next month contract.

 

The CTA will close existing positions when it determines it would be appropriate to do so and reinvest the proceeds in other positions. Positions may also be closed out to meet orders for redemption baskets.

 

BWET commenced investment operations on May 3, 2023. BWET commenced trading on NYSE Arca on May 3, 2023 and trades under the symbol “BWET.”

 

BWET’s investment objective is to provide investors with exposure to the daily change in the price of crude oil tanker freight futures, before expenses and liabilities of the Fund, by tracking the performance of a portfolio (the “BWET Benchmark Portfolio”) mainly consisting of the nearest calendar quarter of futures contracts on specified indexes (each a “Reference Index”) that measure prices for shipping crude oil (“Freight Futures”). Freight Futures reflect market expectations for the future cost of transporting crude oil. Each Reference Index is published each United Kingdom business day by the London-based Baltic Exchange Ltd. (the “Baltic Exchange”) and measures the charter rate for crude oil in a specific size category of cargo ship and for a specific route. The two Reference Indexes are as follows:

 

The TD3C Index: Persian Gulf to China, 270,000mt cargo (Very Large Crude Carrier or VLCC tankers);

 

The TD20 Index: West Africa to Europe, 130,000mt cargo (Suezmax Tankers)

 

The value of the TD3C Index and the TD20 Index is disseminated at 4:00 p.m. London Time by the Baltic Exchange. Such Reference Index information also is widely disseminated by Reuters, Bloomberg and/or other major market data vendors. 

 

44

 

 

The Fund seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing substantially all of its assets in the Freight Futures currently constituting the BWET Benchmark Portfolio. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio includes a combination of TD3C and TD20 Freight Futures. More specifically, the Benchmark Portfolio includes 90% exposure in TD3C Freight Futures contracts and 10% exposure in TD20 Freight Futures contracts to maturity and settles them in cash. At any given time, the average maturity of the futures held by the Fund will be approximately 50 to 70 days.

 

The BWET Benchmark Portfolio does not include and BWET does not invest in swaps, non-cleared freight forwards or other over-the-counter derivative instruments that are not cleared through exchanges or clearing houses. BWET may hold exchange-traded options on Freight Futures. The BWET Benchmark Portfolio is maintained by Breakwave and will be rebalanced annually. The Freight Futures currently constituting the BWET Benchmark Portfolio, as well as the daily holdings of BWET are available on BWET’s website at www.tankeretf.com.

 

When establishing positions in Freight Futures, BWET will be required to deposit initial margin with a value of approximately 10% to 40% of the notional value of each Freight Futures position at the time it is established. These margin requirements are established and subject to change from time to time by the relevant exchanges, clearing houses or BWET’s FCM, Marex Financial Ltd. On a daily basis, BWET is obligated to pay, or entitled to receive, variation margin in an amount equal to the change in the daily settlement level of its Freight Futures positions. Any assets not required to be posted as margin with the FCM may be held at BWET’s custodian or remain with the FCM in cash or cash equivalents, as discussed below.

 

BWET was created to provide investors with a cost-effective and convenient way to gain exposure to daily changes in the price of Freight Futures. BWET is intended to be used as a diversification opportunity as part of a complete portfolio, not a complete investment program.

 

The Fund will incur certain expenses in connection with its operations. The Fund will hold cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasuries or other high credit quality, short-term fixed-income or similar securities for direct investment or as collateral for the Treasury Instruments and for other liquidity purposes and to meet redemptions that may be necessary on an ongoing basis. The Fund may also realize interest income from its holdings in U.S. Treasuries or other market rate instruments. These expenses and income from the cash and cash equivalent holdings may cause imperfect correlation between changes in the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”) and changes in the Benchmark Portfolio, because the Benchmark Portfolio does not reflect expenses or income.

 

The Fund seeks to trade its positions prior to maturity; accordingly, natural market forces may cost the Fund while rebalancing. Each time the Fund seeks to reconstitute its positions, barring movement in the underlying securities, the futures and option prices may be higher or lower. Such differences in price, barring a movement in the price of the underlying security, will constitute “roll yield” and may inhibit the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

Several factors determine the total return from investing in a futures contract position. One factor that impacts the total return that will result from investing in near month futures contracts and “rolling” those contracts forward each month is the price relationship between the current near month contract and the next month contract.

 

The CTA will close existing positions when it determines it would be appropriate to do so and reinvest the proceeds in other positions. Positions may also be closed out to meet orders for redemption baskets. 

 

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a) Basis of Accounting

 

The accompanying combined financial statements of the Funds have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). Each Fund qualifies as an investment company for financial reporting purposes under Topic 946 of the Accounting Standard Codification of U.S. GAAP.

  

(b) Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the combined financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the combined financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. There were no significant estimates used in the preparation of the combined financial statements.

 

45

 

 

(c) Cash

 

Cash, when shown in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities, represents non-segregated cash with the custodian and does not include short-term investments.

 

(d) Cash Held by Broker

 

Breakwave is registered as a “commodity trading advisor” and acts as such for the Funds. The Funds’ arrangement with its FCM require the Funds to meet its variation margin requirements related to the price movements, both positive and negative, on futures contracts held by the Funds by keeping cash on deposit with the Commodity Broker (as defined below). These amounts are shown as Segregated cash held by broker in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities. Each Fund deposits cash or United States Treasury Obligations, as applicable, with the FCM subject to the CFTC regulations and various exchange and broker requirements. The combination of each Fund’s deposits with the FCM of cash and United States Treasury Obligations, as applicable, and the unrealized gain or loss on open futures contracts (variation margin) represents each Fund’s overall equity in its brokerage trading account. The Funds use theirs cash held by the FCM to satisfy individual Fund variation margin requirements. The Funds earns interest on their cash deposited with the FCM and interest income is recorded on the accrual basis.

 

(e) Final Net Asset Value for Fiscal Period

 

The calculation time of the Fund’s final net asset value for creation and redemption of Fund shares for the years ended June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022 was at 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time on June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022, respectively.

 

Although the Fund’s shares may continue to trade on secondary markets subsequent to the calculation of the final NAV, the 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time represented the final opportunity to transact in creation or redemption baskets for the years ended June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022.

 

Fair value per share is determined at the close of the NYSE Arca.

 

For financial reporting purposes, each Fund values its investment positions based upon the final closing price in their primary markets. Accordingly, the investment valuations in these combined financial statements differ from those used in the calculations of the Fund’s final creation/redemption NAVs at June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022.

 

(f) Investment Valuation

 

Short-term investments, excluding U.S. Treasury Bills, are carried at amortized cost, which approximates fair value. U.S. Treasury Bills, when held by the Funds, are valued as determined by an independent pricing service based on methods which include consideration of: yields or prices of securities of comparable quality, coupon, maturity and type; indications as to values from dealers; and general market conditions.

 

Futures and options contracts are valued at the last settled price on the applicable exchange on which that futures and/or options contract trades. 

 

(g) Financial Instruments and Fair Value

 

Each Fund discloses the fair value of its investments in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) fair value measurement and disclosure guidance which requires a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The disclosure requirements establish a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between: (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from sources independent to the Fund (observable inputs); and (2) the Fund’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available under the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The three levels defined by the disclosure requirements hierarchy are as follows:

 

Level I: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

46

 

 

Level II: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level I that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level II inputs include the following: quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means (market-corroborated inputs).

 

Level III: Unobservable pricing input at the measurement date for the asset or liability. Unobservable inputs shall be used to measure fair value to the extent that observable inputs are not available.

 

In some instances, the inputs used to measure fair value might fall in different levels of the fair value hierarchy. The level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls shall be determined based on the lowest input level that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety.

 

Fair value measurements also require additional disclosure when the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability have significantly decreased, as well as when circumstances indicate that a transaction is not orderly. 

 

The following tables summarize BDRY’s valuation of investments at June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022 using the fair value hierarchy:

 

    June 30, 2023  
    Short-Term
Investments
    Futures
Contracts
    Total  
Level I – Quoted Prices   $ 39,591,860a     $ (13,669,745)b     $ 25,922,115  

 

a – Included in Investments in securities in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

b – Included in Payable on open futures contracts in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

 

 

    June 30, 2022  
    Short-Term
Investments
    Futures
Contracts
    Total  
Level I – Quoted Prices   $ 17,208,763a     $ (9,265,175)b     $ 7,943,588  

 

a – Included in Investments in securities in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

b – Included in Payable on open futures contracts in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

 

Transfers between levels are recognized at the end of the reporting period. During the years ended June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022, BDRY recognized no transfers from Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3.

 

The following table summarizes BWET’s valuation of investments at June 30, 2023 using the fair value hierarchy:

 

    June 30, 2023  
    Short-Term
Investments
    Futures
Contracts
    Total  
Level I – Quoted Prices   $ 475,048a     $ 825,287b     $ 1,300,335  

 

a – Included in Investments in securities in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

b – Included in Receivable on open futures contracts in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

 

The inputs or methodology used for valuing investments are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in those securities.

 

47

 

 

(h) Investment Transactions and Related Income

 

Investment transactions are recorded on the trade date. All such transactions are recorded on the identified cost basis and marked to market daily. Unrealized gain/loss on open futures contracts is reflected in Receivable/Payable on open futures contracts in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities and the change in the unrealized gain/loss between periods is reflected in the Combined Statements of Operations. The Funds interest earned on short-term securities and on cash deposited with Marex Financial Ltd. is accrued daily and reflected as Interest Income, when applicable, in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

(i) Federal Income Taxes

 

Each Fund is registered as a Delaware statutory trust and is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Accordingly, the Funds do not expect to incur U.S. federal income tax liability; rather, each beneficial owner is required to take into account their allocable share of the Funds’ income, gain, loss, deductions and other items for the Funds’ taxable year ending with or within the beneficial owner’s taxable year. 

 

Management of the Funds has reviewed the open tax years and major jurisdictions and concluded that there is no tax liability resulting from unrecognized tax benefits relating to uncertain income tax positions taken or expected to be taken in future tax returns at June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022. The Funds are also not aware of any tax positions for which it is reasonably possible that the total amounts of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change in the next twelve months. On an ongoing basis, management will monitor its tax positions taken to determine if adjustments to its conclusions are necessary based on factors including, but not limited to, further implementation of guidance expected from the FASB and on-going analysis of tax law, regulation, and interpretations thereof. The Funds’ federal tax returns are subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service for a period of three years after they are filed.

 

(3) Investments

 

(a) Short-Term Investments

 

The Funds may purchase U.S. Treasury Bills, agency securities, and other high-credit quality short-term fixed income or similar securities with original maturities of one year or less. A portion of these investments may be used as margin for the Funds’ trading in futures contracts.

 

(b) Accounting for Derivative Instruments

 

In seeking to achieve each Fund’s investment objective, the commodity trading advisor uses a mathematical approach to investing. Using this approach, the commodity trading advisor determines the type, quantity and mix of investment positions that it believes in combination should produce returns consistent with the Fund’s objective.

 

All open derivative positions at June 30, 2023 and at June 30, 2022, as applicable, are disclosed in the Combined Schedules of Investments and the notional value of these open positions relative to the shareholders’ capital of the Funds is generally representative of the notional value of open positions to shareholders’ capital throughout the reporting periods for the Funds. The volume associated with derivative positions varies on a daily basis as the Fund transact in derivative contracts in order to achieve the appropriate exposure, as expressed in notional value, in comparison to shareholders’ capital consistent with the applicable Fund’s investment objective. 

 

Following is a description of the derivative instruments used by the Funds during the reporting period, including the primary underlying risk exposures.

 

(c) Futures Contracts

 

The Funds enter into futures contracts to gain exposure to changes in the value of the Benchmark Portfolios. A futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to accept) the future cash settlement of a specified quantity and type of a freight futures contract at a specified time and place. The contractual obligations of a buyer or seller of a treasury futures contract may generally be satisfied by making an offsetting sale or purchase of an identical futures contract on the same or linked exchange before the designated date of delivery.

 

48

 

 

Upon entering into a futures contract, the Funds are required to deposit and maintain as collateral at least such initial margin as required by the exchange on which the transaction is affected. The initial margin is segregated as Cash held by broker, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities, and is restricted as to its use. Pursuant to the futures contract, the Funds agree to receive from or pay to the broker an amount of cash equal to the daily fluctuation in value of the futures contract. Such receipts or payments are known as variation margin and are recorded by the Funds as unrealized gains or losses. The Funds will realize a gain or loss upon closing a futures transaction.

 

Futures contracts involve, to varying degrees, elements of market risk (specifically freight futures price risk) and exposure to loss in excess of the amount of variation margin. The face or contract amounts reflect the extent of the total exposure the Funds haves in the particular classes of instruments. Additional risks associated with the use of futures contracts include imperfect correlation between movements in the price of the futures contracts and the market value of the underlying securities and the possibility of an illiquid market for a futures contract. With futures contracts, there is minimal counterparty risk to the Funds since futures contracts are exchange-traded and the exchange’s clearinghouse, as counterparty to all exchange-traded futures contracts, guarantees the futures contracts against default.

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments, as of June 30, 2023

 

    Asset Derivatives   Liability Derivatives  
Derivatives   Combined Statements of
Assets and Liabilities
    Fair
Value
  Combined Statements of
Assets and Liabilities
    Fair
Value
 
Dry Bulk Index Rates Market Risk                     
-
    Payable on open futures contracts     $ 13,669,745*  

 

  * Represents cumulative depreciation of futures contracts as reported in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments, as of June 30, 2022

 

    Asset Derivatives   Liability Derivatives  
Derivatives   Combined Statements of
Assets and Liabilities
    Fair
Value
  Combined Statements of
Assets and Liabilities
    Fair
Value
 
Dry Bulk Index Rates Market Risk                     
-
    Payable on open futures contracts     $ 9,265,175*  

 

  * Represents cumulative depreciation of futures contracts as reported in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Combined Statements of Operations

For the Year Ended June 30, 2023

 

Derivatives   Location of Gain (Loss) on Derivatives   Realized
Loss on
Derivatives
Recognized
in Income
    Change in
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on Derivatives Recognized
in Income
 
Dry Bulk Index Rates Market Risk   Net realized loss on futures contracts and/or change in unrealized gain (loss) on futures contracts   $ (30,983,820)     $ (4,404,570)  

 

The futures contracts open at June 30, 2023 are indicative of the activity for the year ended June 30, 2023.

 

49

 

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Combined Statements of Operations

For the Year Ended June 30, 2022

 

Derivatives   Location of Gain (Loss) on Derivatives   Realized
Loss on
Derivatives
Recognized
in Income
    Change in
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on Derivatives Recognized
in Income
 
Dry Bulk Index Rates Market Risk   Net realized loss on futures contracts and/or change in unrealized gain (loss) on futures contracts   $ 836,968     $ (30,988,515)  

 

The futures contracts open at June 30, 2022 are indicative of the activity for the year ended June 30, 2022.

 

BREAKWAVE TANKER SHIPPING ETF

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments, as of June 30, 2023

 

    Asset Derivatives   Liability Derivatives
Derivatives   Combined Statements of
Assets and Liabilities
  Fair
Value
    Combined Statements of
Assets and Liabilities
  Fair
Value
 
Crude Oil Tanker Index Rates Market Risk   Receivable on open futures contracts   $ 825,287*     Payable on open futures contracts    
-
 

 

* Represents cumulative appreciation of futures contracts as reported in the Combined Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

 

BREAKWAVE TANKER SHIPPING ETF

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Combined Statements of Operations

For the Year Ended June 30, 2023

 

Derivatives   Location of Gain (Loss) on Derivatives   Realized
Loss on
Derivatives
Recognized
in Income
    Change in
Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on Derivatives Recognized
in Income
 
Crude Oil Tanker Index Rates Market Risk   Net realized gain on futures contracts and/or change in unrealized gain (loss) on futures contracts   $ 375,516     $ 825,287  

 

The futures contracts open at June 30, 2023 are indicative of the activity for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

(4) Agreements

 

(a) Management Fee

 

Each Fund pays the Sponsor a sponsor fee (the “Sponsor Fee”) in consideration of the Sponsor’s advisory services to the Funds. Additionally, each Fund pays the commodity trading advisor a license and service fee (the “CTA fee”).

 

BDRY pays the Sponsor an annual Sponsor Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount calculated as the greater of 0.15% of its average daily net assets, or $125,000. BDRY also pays an annual fee to Breakwave, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to 1.45% of BDRY’s average daily net assets. Breakwave has agreed to waive its CTA fee to the extent necessary, and the Sponsor has voluntarily agreed to correspondingly assume the remaining expenses of BDRY such that Fund expenses do not exceed an annual rate of 3.50%, excluding brokerage commissions, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses, if any, of the value of BDRY’s average daily net assets through March 31, 2025 (the “BDRY Expense Cap”. The assumption of expenses by the Sponsor and waiver of BDRY’s CTA fee are contractual on the part of the Sponsor and Breakwave, respectively.

 

50

 

 

The waiver of BDRY’s CTA fees, pursuant to the undertaking, amounted to $22,434 and $-0- for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. Effective September 1, 2022 Breakwave may, during the term of the waiver agreement, recoup any fees waived pursuant to the contract; however, the Fund will only make repayments to Breakwave if such repayment does not cause the Fund’s expense ratio after the repayment is taken into account, to exceed either (i) the expense cap in place at the time such amounts were waived, or (ii) the Fund’s current expense cap. Such recoupment is limited to three years from the date the amount is initially waived. At June 30, 2023, BDRY is not subject to potential future repayments to Breakwave.

 

BWET pays the Sponsor an annual Sponsor Fee, monthly in arrears, in an amount calculated as the greater of 0.30% of its average daily net assets, or $50,000. BWET also pays an annual CTA license and service fee to Breakwave, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to 1.45% of BDRY’s average daily net assets. Breakwave has agreed to waive its CTA fee to the extent necessary, and the Sponsor has voluntarily agreed to correspondingly assume the remaining expenses of BWET such that Fund expenses do not exceed an annual rate of 3.50%, excluding brokerage commissions, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses, if any, of the value of BWET’s average daily net assets through March 31, 2025 (the “BWET Expense Cap”). The assumption of expenses by the Sponsor and waiver of BWET’s CTA fee are contractual on the part of the Sponsor and Breakwave, respectively.

 

The waiver of BWET’s CTA fees, pursuant to the undertaking, amounted to $7,574 for the period from May 3, 2023 to June 30, 2023 as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. Breakwave may, during the term of the waiver agreement, recoup any fees waived pursuant to the contract; however, the Fund will only make repayments to Breakwave if such repayment does not cause the Fund’s expense ratio after the repayment is taken into account, to exceed either (i) the expense cap in place at the time such amounts were waived, or (ii) the Fund’s current expense cap. Such recoupment is limited to three years from the date the amount is initially waived. At June 30, 2023, BWET is subject to potential future repayments of $7,574 to Breakwave. The potential future repayments expire during the year ending June 30, 2026 as follows: May 31, 2026 - $3,333 and June 30, 2026 - $4,241.

 

The Funds currently accrue their daily expenses up to the applicable Expense Cap, or, if less, at accrual estimates established by the Sponsor. At the end of each month, the accrued amount is remitted to the Sponsor as the Sponsor has assumed, and is responsible for the payment of the routine operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of the Funds in excess of the Fund’s respective Expense Cap, which in the case of BDRY, aggregated $-0- and $-0- for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. In the case of BWET, expenses absorbed by the Sponsor aggregated $77,450 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023 as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

(b) The Administrator, Custodian, Fund Accountant and Transfer Agent

 

Each Fund has appointed U.S. Bank, a national banking association, with its principal office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as the custodian (the “Custodian”). Its affiliate, U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, is the Fund accountant (“the Fund accountant”) of the Funds, transfer agent (the “Transfer Agent”) for Fund shares and administrator for the Funds (the “Administrator”). It performs certain administrative and accounting services for the Funds and prepares certain SEC, NFA and CFTC reports on behalf of the Fund. (U.S. Bank and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services are referred to collectively hereinafter as “U.S. Bank”).

 

51

 

 

Each Fund has agreed to pay U.S. Bank 0.05% of average assets under management (“AUM”), with a $45,000 minimum annual fee payable for its administrative, accounting and transfer agent services and 0.01% of AUM, with an annual minimum of $4,800 for custody services. BDRY paid U.S. Bank $66,005 and $64,618 for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET paid U.S. Bank $9,666 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

(c) The Distributor

 

Each Fund pays ETFMG Financial LLC. (the “Distributor”), an affiliate of the Sponsor, an annual fee for statutory and wholesaling distribution services and related administrative services equal to the greater of $15,000 or 0.02% of the Fund’s average daily net assets, payable monthly. Pursuant to the respective Marketing Agent Agreements between the Sponsor, each Fund and the Distributor, the Distributor assists the Sponsor and the applicable Fund with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services to the applicable Fund, including reviewing and approving marketing materials and certain regulatory compliance matters. The Distributor also assists with the processing of creation and redemption orders.

  

BDRY incurred $15,707 and $15,707 in distribution and related administrative services for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET incurred $2,539 in distribution and related administrative services for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023 as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

BDRY pays the Sponsor an annual fee for wholesale support services of $25,000 plus 0.12% of BDRY’s average daily net assets, payable monthly. BWET pays the Sponsor an annual fee for wholesale support services of $15,000 plus 0.15% of BWET’s average daily net assets, payable monthly.

 

BDRY incurred $87,902 and $112,393 in wholesale support fees for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET incurred $3,209 in wholesale support fees for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations.

 

(d) The Commodity Broker

 

Marex Financial Ltd., registered in England, serves as each Fund’s clearing broker, (the “Commodity Broker”). In its capacity as clearing broker, the Commodity Broker executes and clears each Fund’s futures transactions and performs certain administrative services for the Funds.

 

The Funds pay respective brokerage commissions, including applicable exchange fees, National Futures Association (“NFA”) fees, give-up fees, pit brokerage fees and other transaction related fees and expenses charged in connection with trading activities in CFTC regulated investments. Brokerage commissions on futures contracts are recognized on a half-turn basis.

 

The Sponsor does not expect annual brokerage commissions and fees to exceed 0.40% for BDRY and 1.30% for BWET (excluding the impact on each Fund of creation and/or redemption activity) of the net asset value of BDRY and BWET, respectively, for execution and clearing services on behalf of the Funds, although the actual amount of brokerage commissions and fees in any year or any part of any year may be greater. The effects of trading spreads, financing costs associated with financial instruments, and costs relating to the purchase of freight futures or similar high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities are not included in the foregoing analysis. BDRY incurred $684,169 and $665,810 in brokerage commissions and fees for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, as disclosed in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET incurred $19,746 in brokerage commissions and fees for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023 as disclosed in the Combined Statement of Operations.

 

52

 

 

(e) The Trustee

 

Under the Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement (the “Trust Agreement”) for each Fund, Wilmington Trust Company, the Trustee of each of the Funds (the “Trustee”) serves as the sole trustee of each Fund in the State of Delaware. The Trustee will accept service of legal process on the Funds in the State of Delaware and will make certain filings under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act. Under the Trust Agreement for each Fund, the Sponsor has the exclusive management and control of all aspects of the business of the Funds. The Trustee does not owe any other duties to the Funds, the Sponsor or the Shareholders of the Funds. The Trustee has no duty or liability to supervise or monitor the performance of the Sponsor, nor does the Trustee have any liability for the acts or omissions of the Sponsor. BDRY incurred $4,603 and $5,000, respectively, in trustee fees for years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, which is included in Other Expenses in the Combined Statements of Operations. BWET incurred $397 in trustee fees for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

(f) Routine Offering, Operational, Administrative and Other Ordinary Expenses

 

The Sponsor, in accordance with the BDRY Expense Cap limitation paid, after the waiver of a portion of the CTA fee for BDRY by Breakwave, all of the routine offering, operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of BDRY in excess of 3.50% (excluding brokerage commissions and interest expense) of BDRY’s average daily net assets, including, but not limited to, accounting and computer services, the fees and expenses of the Trustee, Administrator, Custodian, Transfer Agent and Distributor, legal and accounting fees and expenses, tax return preparation expenses, filing fees, and printing, mailing and duplication costs. BDRY incurred $2,398,205 and $3,280,299, respectively, during the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 in routine offering, operational, administrative or other ordinary expenses.

 

The CTA fee waiver for BDRY by Breakwave was $22,434 and $-0-, respectively, for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.

 

In addition, the assumption of Fund expenses above the BDRY Expense Cap by the Sponsor, pursuant to the undertaking (as discussed in Note 4a), amounted to $-0- and $-0-, respectively, for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.

 

The Sponsor, in accordance with the BWET Expense Cap limitation paid, after the waiver of a portion of the CTA fee for BWET by Breakwave, all of the routine offering, operational, administrative and other ordinary expenses of BWET in excess of 3.50% (excluding brokerage commissions and interest expense) of BWET’s average daily net assets, including, but not limited to, accounting and computer services, the fees and expenses of the Trustee, Administrator, Custodian, Transfer Agent and Distributor, legal and accounting fees and expenses, tax return preparation expenses, filing fees, and printing, mailing and duplication costs. BWET incurred $115,479 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023 in routine offering, operational, administrative or other ordinary expenses.

 

The CTA fee waiver for BDRY by Breakwave was $7,574 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

In addition, the assumption of Fund expenses above the BWET Expense Cap by the Sponsor, pursuant to the undertaking (as discussed in Note 4a), amounted to $77,450 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023. 

 

(g) Organizational and Offering Costs

 

Expenses incurred in connection with organizing BDRY and BWET and up to the offering of its Shares upon commencement of its investment operations on March 22, 2018 and May 3, 2023, respectively, were paid by the Sponsor and Breakwave without reimbursement.

 

Accordingly, all such expenses are not reflected in the Combined Statements of Operations. The Funds will bear the costs of their continuous offering of Shares and ongoing offering expenses. Such ongoing offering costs will be included as a portion of the Routine Offering, Operational, Administrative and Other Ordinary Expenses. These costs will include registration fees for regulatory agencies and all legal, accounting, printing and other expenses associated therewith. These costs will be accounted for as a deferred charge and thereafter amortized to expense over twelve months on a straight-line basis or a shorter period if warranted.

 

During the year ended June 30, 2021 the Sponsor, in order to maintain the continuous offering of Shares undertook to register additional shares of BDRY, the costs of which were borne by the Fund and aggregated $28,997, of which $24,071 was amortized to expense during the year ended June 30, 2022.

 

53

 

 

(h) Extraordinary Fees and Expenses

 

The Funds will pay all extraordinary fees and expenses, if any. Extraordinary fees and expenses are fees and expenses which are nonrecurring and unusual in nature, such as legal claims and liabilities, litigation costs or indemnification or other unanticipated expenses. Such extraordinary fees and expenses, by their nature, are unpredictable in terms of timing and amount. For the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 BDRY did not incur such expenses. For the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, BWET did not incur such expenses.

 

(5) Creations and Redemptions

 

Each Fund issues and redeems Shares from time to time, but only in one or more Creation or Redemption Baskets. A Creation or Redemption Basket is a block of 25,000 shares of the particular Fund. Baskets may be created or redeemed only by Authorized Participants.

 

Except when aggregated in Creation or Redemption Baskets, the shares are not redeemable securities. Retail investors, therefore, generally will not be able to purchase or redeem shares directly from or with the Fund. Rather, most retail investors will purchase or sell shares in the secondary market with the assistance of a broker. Thus, some of the information contained in these Notes to Combined Financial Statements – such as references to the Transaction Fee imposed on creations and redemptions – is not relevant to retail investors.

 

(a) Transaction Fees on Creation and Redemption Transactions

 

In connection with orders to create and redeem one or more Creation or Redemption Baskets, an Authorized Participant is required to pay a transaction fee, or AP Transaction Fee, of $300 per BDRY or BWET order, which goes directly to the Custodian. The AP Transaction Fees are paid by the Authorized Participants and not by the Funds. 

 

(b) Share Transactions

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF

 

Summary of Share Transactions for the Year Ended June 30, 2023  
    Shares     Net Assets
Increase
 
Shares Sold     14,975,000     $ 112,635,604  
Shares Redeemed     (6,625,000 )     (61,398,051)  
Net Increase     8,350,000     $ 51,237,553  

 

BREAKWAVE DRY BULK SHIPPING ETF

 

Summary of Share Transactions for the Year Ended June 30, 2022  
    Shares     Net Assets
Decrease
 
Shares Sold     4,850,000     $ 125,116,790  
Shares Redeemed     (6,075,000)       (159,308,038)  
Net Decrease     (1,225,000)     $ (34,191,248)  

 

BREAKWAVE TANKER SHIPPING ETF

 

Summary of Share Transactions for the Period from May 3, 2023 to June 30, 2023  
    Shares     Net Assets
Increase
 
Shares Sold     200,100     $ 3,001,500  
Shares Redeemed    
-
     
-
 
Net Increase     200,100     $ 3,001,500  

 

54

 

 

(6) Risk

 

(a) Investment Related Risk

 

The NAV of each Fund’s shares relates directly to the value of the respective freight futures portfolio, cash and cash equivalents held by each Fund. Fluctuations in the prices of these assets could materially adversely affect the values and performance of an investment in BDRY and BWET shares. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results; all or substantially all of an investment in BDRY or BWET could be lost.

 

The NAV of BDRY and BWET shares relates directly to the value of the futures investments held by each Fund which are materially impacted by fluctuations in changes in spot charter rates. Charter rates for dry bulk vessels and crude oil tankers are volatile and have declined significantly since their historic highs and may remain at low levels or decrease further in the future.

 

Futures and options contracts have expiration dates. Before or upon the expiration of a contract, BDRY and/or BWET may be required to enter into replacement contracts that are priced higher or that have less favorable terms than the contracts being replaced (see “Negative Roll Risk,” below). The Freight Futures market settles in cash against published indices, so there is no physical delivery against the futures contracts.

 

Similar to other futures contracts, the Freight Futures curve shape could be either in “contango” (where the futures curve is upward sloping with next futures price higher than the current one) or “backwardation” (where each the next futures price is lower than the current one). Contango curves are generally characterized by negative roll cost, as the expiring contract value is lower that the next prompt contract value, assuming the same lot size. That means there could be losses incurred when the contracts are rolled each period (“Negative Roll Risk”) and such losses are independent of the Freight Futures price level.

 

The Russia-Ukraine war poses an increasing risk for global economic growth. Major economic sanctions against Russia are having a considerable impact on oil and gas prices, given the dependence of the EU on oil and gas exports out of Russia combined with limited spare capacity of such commodities globally. Energy prices have increased significantly, leading to major inflationary pressures in the major developed countries that rely heavily on oil and gas exports out of Russia. In the case of BDRY, the combined Russia/Ukraine region account for approximately one-quarter of global grain production, one of the main cargoes transported by dry bulk vessels, while coal and iron ore exports out of the region have also been reduced. The above factors can have a material negative impact on demand for dry bulk transportation, while slower economic growth could also negatively affect demand for dry bulk commodities in the rest of the word, leading to lower dry bulk freight rates.

 

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine is having a profound impact on global commodities prices including grain and coal, two of the most important commodities for dry bulk shipping. Given the importance of the region in export volumes for both grains and coal, a prolonged stoppage could lead to significantly lower freight rates and thus a decline in freight futures prices and a decline in the value of BDRY. Although coal supplies could potentially be sourced from elsewhere partly mitigating the negative impact of the lost volumes, global grain production capacity is limited, and thus the impact of the lost volumes could not be easily mitigated. In addition, the recent geopolitical turmoil has led to an increase in government protectionism when it comes to commodities, and if such a trend continues, it could lead to lower bulk commodities trading globally over the long term. The impact of such a scenario on dry bulk shipping will be negative, leading to lower spot rates and as a result lower freight futures prices and a decline in the value of BDRY.

 

In the case of BWET, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has also had a profound impact on oil prices and as a result on tanker rates and might continue to impact the level of tanker rates for years to come. Russia accounts for more than 10% of global oil production. Sanctions put in place to limit the exports of crude oil and refined products from Russia has caused a reshuffling in tanker trade patterns and has led to increasing volatility in tanker freight rates. With limited seaborne crude exports out of Russia, refiners and oil traders have been seeking alternative sources for feedstock crude, causing major disruptions in the traditional crude oil trading patterns. Volatility in tanker rates has increased, especially for tankers carrying refined products. As volatility of spot charter rates increases, higher trading volumes in freight futures would be expected as market participants tend to increase their hedging requirements. In addition, oil price volatility has increased significantly, impacting tanker spot rate freight rates.

 

In addition, The People’s Republic of China (“China”) accounts for a sizable part of oil demand, and changes in the economic and political environment in China and policies adopted by the government to regulate its economy may have a material adverse effect on tanker charter rates and as a result, Freight Futures.

 

55

 

 

(b) Liquidity Risk

 

In certain circumstances, such as the disruption of the orderly markets for the futures contracts or Financial Instruments in which the Funds invest, the Funds might not be able to dispose of certain holdings quickly or at prices that represent what the market value may have been in an orderly market. Futures and option positions cannot always be liquidated at the desired price. It is difficult to execute a trade at a specific price when there is a relatively small volume of buy and sell orders in a market. A market disruption can also make it difficult to liquidate a position. The large size of the positions that the Funds may acquire increases the risk of illiquidity both by making their positions more difficult to liquidate and by potentially increasing losses while trying to do so. Such a situation may prevent the Funds from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with the applicable Benchmark Portfolio.

 

(c) Natural Disaster/Epidemic Risk

 

Natural or environmental disasters, such as earthquakes, fires, floods, hurricanes, tsunamis and other severe weather-related phenomena generally, and widespread disease, including pandemics and epidemics (for example, the novel coronavirus COVID-19), have been and can be highly disruptive to economies and markets and have recently led, and may continue to lead, to increased market volatility and significant market losses. Such natural disaster and health crises could exacerbate political, social, and economic risks previously mentioned, and result in significant breakdowns, delays, shutdowns, social isolation, and other disruptions to important global, local and regional supply chains affected, with potential corresponding results on the operating performance of the Funds and their investments. A climate of uncertainty and panic, including the contagion of infectious viruses or diseases, may adversely affect global, regional, and local economies and reduce the availability of potential investment opportunities, and increases the difficulty of performing due diligence and modeling market conditions, potentially reducing the accuracy of financial projections. Under these circumstances, the Funds may have difficulty achieving their investment objectives which may adversely impact performance. Further, such events can be highly disruptive to economies and markets, significantly disrupt the operations of individual companies (including, but not limited to, the Funds’ Sponsor and third party service providers), sectors, industries, markets, securities and commodity exchanges, currencies, interest and inflation rates, credit ratings, investor sentiment, and other factors affecting the value of the Funds’ investments. These factors can cause substantial market volatility. exchange trading suspensions and closures and can impact the ability of the Funds to complete redemptions and otherwise affect each Fund’s performance and the Funds’ trading in the secondary market. A widespread crisis may also affect the global economy in ways that cannot necessarily be foreseen at the current time. How long such events will last and whether they will continue or recur cannot be predicted. Impacts from these events could have significant impact on the Funds’ performance, resulting in losses to the Funds.

 

(7) Profit and Loss Allocations and Distributions

 

Pursuant to the Trust Agreement, income and expenses of the Funds are allocated pro rata among the Shareholders monthly based on their respective percentage interests as of the close of the last trading day of the preceding month. Any losses allocated to the Sponsor which are in excess of the Sponsor’s capital balance are allocated to the Shareholders in accordance with their respective interest in the applicable Fund as a percentage of total Shareholders’ capital. Distributions (other than redemption of units) may be made at the sole discretion of the Sponsor on a pro rata basis in accordance with the respective interests of the Shareholders.

 

56

 

 

(8) Indemnifications

 

The Sponsor, either in its own capacity or in its capacity as the Sponsor and on behalf of the Funds, has entered into various service agreements that contain a variety of representations, or provide indemnification provisions related to certain risks service providers undertake in performing services which are in the best interests of the Funds. As of June 30, 2023, the Funds had not received any claims or incurred any losses pursuant to these agreements and expects the risk of such losses to be remote.

 

(9) Termination

 

The term of each Fund is perpetual unless terminated earlier in certain circumstances as described in the applicable Prospectus.

 

(10) Net Asset Value and Financial Highlights

 

The Funds are presenting, as applicable, the following net asset value and financial highlights related to investment performance for a Share outstanding throughout the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The net investment income and total expense ratios are calculated using average net assets. The net asset value presentation is calculated by dividing each Fund’s net assets by the average daily number of Shares outstanding. The net investment income (loss) and expense ratios have been annualized. The total return is based on the change in net asset value and market value of the Shares during the period. An individual investor’s return and ratios may vary based on the timing of their transactions in Fund Shares.

 

    BREAKWAVE DRY BULK     BREAKWAVE TANKER  
    SHIPPING ETF     SHIPPING ETF  
    For the Year Ended June 30,     For the Year Ended June 30,  
    2023     2022     2023*     2022  
                         
Net Asset Value                        
Net asset value per Share, beginning of year   $ 17.06     $ 28.88     $ 15.00     $
-
 
Net investment income (loss)     (0.19 )     (1.15 )     (0.17 )    
-
 
Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)     (11.34 )     (10.67 )     6.00      
-
 
Net Income (Loss)     (11.53 )     (11.82 )     5.83      
-
 
Net Asset Value per Share, end of year   $ 5.53     $ 17.06     $ 20.83     $
-
 
Market Value per Share, end of year   $ 5.55     $ 17.17     $ 20.88     $
-
 
Ratios to Average Net Assets**                                
Expense Ratio****     4.57 %     4.50 %     7.28 %    
-
 
Expense Ratio**** before Waiver/Assumption     4.62 %     4.50 %     23.56 %    
-
 
Net Investment Income (Loss)     (2.18 )%     (4.46 )%     (6.42 )%    
-
 
Total Return, at Net Asset Value***     (67.58 )%     (40.93 )%     38.89 %    
-
 
Total Return, at Market Value***     (67.68 )%     (41.50 )%     49.89 %    
       -
 

 

* Period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of investment operations) to June 30, 2023
** Percentages are annualized.
*** Percentages are not annualized.
**** Fund expenses have been capped at 3.50% of average daily net assets, plus brokerage commissions, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses, if any.

 

(11) Subsequent Events

 

Effective August 14, 2023, the Sponsor entered into a Marketing Agent Agreement (the “Marketing Agreement”) on behalf of the Trust and the Funds with Foreside Fund Services, LLC (“Foreside”), pursuant to which Foreside provides certain marketing services to the Funds. Each Fund pays an annual fee for such distribution services and related administrative services equal to approximately 0.00006% of the Fund’s average daily net assets, with a minimum of approximately $7,150 payable annually. Pursuant to the Marketing Agent Agreement between the Sponsor, the Funds and Foreside, Foreside assists the Sponsor and the Funds with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services to the Funds, including reviewing and approving marketing materials and certain regulatory compliance matters. Foresides also assists with the processing of creation and redemption orders. Foreside’s principal business address is Three Canal Plaza, Suite 100, Portland, ME 04101. Foreside is a broker-dealer registered with FINRA.

 

The Sponsor intends to withdraw as sponsor of the Trust and the Funds and appoint Amplify Investments LLC, or an affiliate (“Amplify”), to serve as sponsor of the Trust, commencing upon the resignation of the Sponsor (the “Sponsor Replacement”). Amplify will thereafter serve as sole sponsor of the Trust and intends to carry on the business of the Trust and the Funds. It is expected that the Sponsor Replacement will occur during the fourth quarter of 2023, subject to certain conditions, including, but not limited to, the registration of Amplify as a CPO with the CFTC. It is not expected that the Sponsor Replacement will affect the Trust, its shareholders or an investment in the Funds’ shares in any way.

 

57

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Sponsor and Shareholders of

ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I

 

Opinion on the financial statements

 

We have audited the following:

 

The accompanying statements of assets and liabilities of Breakwave Dry Bulk Shipping ETF (“BDRY”) and Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF (“BWET”) (collectively the “Funds”), (each a series of ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I (the “Trust”), including the schedules of investments of the Funds and the combined schedules of the Trust, as of June 30, 2023 and 2022, the related combined statements of operations, changes in net assets and cash flows of the Trust for the years then ended, and the related notes;
the accompanying statement of operations of Breakwave Tanker Shipping ETF (“BWET”), a series of the Trust, including changes in net assets and cash flows for the period from May 3, 2023 (date of commencement) to June 30, 2023 and the related notes; 
The above are collectively referred to as the “financial statements.”

 

In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Funds and the Trust as of June 30, 2023 and June 30, 2022, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

  

Basis for opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Funds’ and the Trust’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Funds’ and Trust’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Funds and the Trust in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/WithumSmith+Brown, PC

 

We have served as the Trust's and Funds' auditor since 2014.

 

New York, NY

September 26, 2023

 

58

 

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Trust and the Funds maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that material information required to be disclosed in the Trust’s periodic reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time period specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

 

The duly appointed officers of the Sponsor, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, have evaluated the effectiveness of the Trust’s and the Funds’ disclosure controls and procedures and have concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures of the Trust and the Funds have been effective as of the end of the period covered by this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

  

Management of the Sponsor, on behalf of the Trust and the Funds are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Trust and the Funds’ internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to the Sponsor regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.

 

Management of the Sponsor, including Matthew Bromberg, Principal Executive Officer of the Sponsor, and John A. Flanagan, Principal Financial Officer of the Sponsor, who perform functions equivalent to those of a principal executive officer and principal financial officer of the Trust if the Trust had any officers, assessed the effectiveness of the Trust’s and the Funds’ internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2023. In making this assessment, it used the criteria in the Internal Control - Integrated framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013. Based on the assessment, Management believes that, as of June 30, 2023, the internal control over financial reporting is effective for the Trust and the Funds.

 

Change in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in the Trust’s or the Funds’ internal control over financial reporting during the last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s or the Funds’ internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None of the Sponsor’s officers have adopted, modified or terminated trading plans under either a Rule 10b5-1 or non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement (as such terms are defined in Item 408 of Regulation S-K of the Securities Act of 1933) for the Trust or the Funds for the three months ended June 30, 2023.

 

Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections.

 

Not applicable.

 

59

 

 

Part III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

The Sponsor and its Management

 

Neither the Trust nor the Funds have executive officers. Pursuant to the terms of the Trust Agreements for the Funds, the Fund’s affairs are managed by the Sponsor. The business and affairs of the Sponsor are managed by its chief executive officer, Matthew J. Bromberg.

 

The following are individual Principals, as that term is defined in CFTC Rule 3.1, for the Sponsor: Samuel R. Masucci, III, Bernard Karol, Matthew J. Bromberg, John A. Flanagan. Mr. Bromberg and Mr. Flanagan are principals due to their positions. Messrs. Masucci and Karol are principals due to their ownership stakes in ETFMG.

 

John A. Flanagan. Mr. Flanagan serves as the Principal Financial Officer of the Sponsor and the Trust. Mr. Flanagan was listed as a principal, as that term is defined in CFTC Rule 3.1, of the Sponsor on January 8, 2015. Since June 2014, Mr. Flanagan has served as an Independent Trustee of Absolute Shares Trust, a multi-series exchange traded fund. Mr. Flanagan has been the President and sole owner of John A. Flanagan CPA, LLC since December 2010. Mr. Flanagan was Chief Financial Officer of MacroMarkets LLC, an exchange traded fund issuer from January 2007 to December 2010.

 

Matthew J. Bromberg. Mr. Bromberg has been General Counsel of Exchange Traded Managers Group LLC (“ETFMG”), the parent of the Sponsor, since April 1, 2020, Chief Operating Officer of ETFMG since September 1, 2022, Chief Compliance Officer of the Sponsor since October 26, 2022, and Interim Chief Executive Officer of the Sponsor since July 17, 2023. He was listed as a principal, as that term is defined in CFTC Rule 3.1, of the Sponsor on October 21, 2020. In these roles, Mr. Bromberg has general and active management and control of the business and affairs of the Sponsor, and he has responsibilities for all legal affairs of ETFMG’s and the Sponsor’s business, as well as implementation of the Sponsor’s compliance program. Mr. Bromberg has been General Counsel of ETF Managers Group LLC, an investment adviser affiliate of ETFMG and the Sponsor, since April 1, 2020, and Chief Compliance Officer of ETF Managers Group LLC since October 26, 2022. He was listed as a principal of ETF Managers Group LLC from March 10, 2022 to December 14, 2022. He was a Partner at the law firm Dorsey & Whitney LLP from September 2019 through March 2020, where he counseled clients on investment management and financial services matters. He was also General Counsel of Millington Securities, Inc. and WBI Investments, Inc., registered investment advisers, from February 2016 to September 2019 and a Partner at the law firm Reed Smith LLP from August 2015 through January 2016.

  

Commodity Trading Advisor

 

Breakwave

 

The Sponsor has also entered into a Licensing and Services Agreement with Breakwave. Under this agreement, Breakwave has agreed to compose and maintain the BDRY and BWET Benchmark Portfolios and license to the Sponsor the use of the BDRY and BWET Benchmark Portfolios.

 

Breakwave is a limited liability company. The following individual is the President, sole investment professional and Principal, as that term is defined in CFTC Rule 3.1:

 

John Kartsonas. John Kartsonas is the Principal and Managing Partner of Breakwave Advisors LLC., a Commodity Trading Advisory firm based in New York. Mr. Kartsonas was listed as a principal of the Sponsor on May 17, 2017. He has been a registered associated person and an NFA associate member of Breakwave since May 17, 2017. From 2017 to the present Mr. Kartsonas has also served as a Director of Seanergy Maritime, an international shipping company listed in the Nasdaq Capital Market. Prior to that, Mr. Kartsonas was a Senior Portfolio Manager at Carlyle Commodity Management from October 2012 to January 2017, a commodity-focused investment firm based in New York and part of the Carlyle Group. He was responsible for the firm’s Shipping and Freight investments. During his tenure, he managed one of the largest freight futures funds globally. Mr. Kartsonas received his MBA from the Simon School of Business, University of Rochester.

 

60

 

 

Code of Ethics

 

The Sponsor has adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (the “Code of Ethics”) which applies to all of its officers (including senior financial officers) and employees; the Sponsor’s Code of Ethics covers all officers and employees that manage the Trust and the Funds. A printed copy of the Code of Ethics is available to any person free of charge, upon request, by contracting the Sponsor at:

 

ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I

c/o ETF Managers Capital LLC

30 Maple Street

Suite 2

Summit, NJ 07901

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

The Funds have no employees, officers or directors and are managed by the Sponsor. None of the directors or officers of the Sponsor receive compensation from the Funds.

 

The Sponsor receives a management fee from BDRY, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to the greater of 0.15% per annum on the daily NAV of BDRY or $125,000. The Sponsor receives a management fee from BWET, monthly in arrears, in an amount equal to the greater of 0.30% per annum on the daily NAV of BWET or $50,000. The Sponsor has contractually agreed to assume the Funds’ expenses (excluding brokerage fees, interest expense, and extraordinary expenses) in order to cap each Funds’ total annual expenses at 3.50% per annum through March 31, 2025. The management fees paid to the Sponsor by BDRY amounted to $128,597 and $131,335 for the years ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The management fees paid to the Sponsor by BWET amounted to $8,083 for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

  

The Sponsor also provides Principal Financial Officer, Chief Compliance Officer, Regulatory Reporting and Wholesale Support services to the Funds. The fees for each service provided to BDRY for the year ended June 30, 2023, all of which had been paid, or accrued, at June 30, 2023, were as follows:

 

Service   BDRY
Amount
 
Principal Financial Officer   $ 24,999  
Chief Compliance Officer     24,999  
Regulatory Reporting     24,999  
Legal     45,002  
Wholesale Support     87,902  

 

The fees for the above services provided to BWET for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023, all of which had been paid, or accrued, at June 30, 2023, were as follows:

 

Service   BWET
Amount
 
Principal Financial Officer   $ 4,041  
Chief Compliance Officer     4,041  
Regulatory Reporting     4,041  
Legal     7.274  
Wholesale Support     3,209  

 

In addition to the above, the Distributor provides Distribution services to the Funds. The fees for Distribution services paid to the Distributor were $15,707 for BDRY for the year ended June 30, 2023 and $2,539 for BWET for the period from May 3, 2023 (commencement of operations) to June 30, 2023.

 

61

 

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners. The following table sets forth shares as of June 30, 2023, information with respect to each person known to own beneficially more than 5% of the outstanding shares of any series in the Trust:

 

Series of the Trust     Name
and Address
of
Beneficial
Owner
      Amount
and nature
of
Beneficial
Ownership
      Percent of
Class
 
BDRY    

            %
BWET     Jane Street Group LLC
250 Vesey Street
Sixth Floor
New York, NY 10281
      179,350 shares       89.63 %

 

Security Ownership of Management.

 

None of the directors or executive officers of the Sponsor owns any shares of the Funds.

 

Change in Control.

 

The Sponsor intends to withdraw as sponsor of the Trust and the Funds and appoint Amplify Investments LLC, or an affiliate (“Amplify”), to serve as sponsor of the Trust, commencing upon the resignation of the Sponsor (the “Sponsor Replacement”). Amplify will thereafter serve as sole sponsor of the Trust and intends to carry on the business of the Trust and the Funds. It is expected that the Sponsor Replacement will occur during the fourth quarter of 2023, subject to certain conditions, including, but not limited to, the registration of Amplify as a CPO with the CFTC. It is not expected that the Sponsor Replacement will affect the Trust, its shareholders or an investment in the Funds’ shares in any way. 

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

 

See Items 11 and 12.

 

Neither the Trust nor the Funds entered into any transaction in excess of $120,000 in which any related person had a direct or indirect material interest and the Trust and the Funds do not propose to enter into any such transaction.

 

Director Independence

 

As an unincorporated entity, the registrant does not have a Board of Directors.

 

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

 

The fees for services accrued and/or billed to BDRY and to BWET by its independent auditors for the year ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 were as follows:

 

    2023     2022  
Audit Fees   $ 98,000     $ 69,847  
Audit-Related Fees     -       -  
Tax Fees     221,641       461,064  
All Other Fees     -       -  
Total   $ 319,641     $ 530,911  

 

Approval of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm Services and Fees

 

The Sponsor approved all of the services provided by WithumSmith+Brown, PC to the Funds described above. The Sponsor pre-approves all audit and allowed non-audit services of the Funds’ independent registered public accounting firm, including all engagement fees and terms.

 

62

 

 

Part IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

 

1. See Index to Financial Statements on page 33.
   
2. No financial statement schedules are filed herewith because (i) such schedules are not required or (ii) the information required has been presented in the aforementioned financial statements.
   
3. Exhibits required to be filed by Item 601 of Regulation S-K.

 

Exhibit Index

 

Listed below are the exhibits which are filed or furnished as part of this annual report on Form 10-K (according to the number assigned to them in Item 601 of Regulation S-K):

 

3.1(a)   Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement of the Registrant. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 2 to Registration Statement No. 333-199190, filed on January 12, 2015.)
     
3.1(b)   Instrument Establishing the Fund. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on October 6, 2017.)
     
3.1(c)   Amended Exhibit C to the Amended and Restated Declaration of Trust and Trust Agreement of the Trust. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on October 6, 2017.)
     
3.1(d)   Instrument Establishing the Fund. (Incorporated by reference to Form S-1, Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on August 17, 2022.)
     
3.2   Certificate of Trust of the Registrant. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on October 6, 2017.
     
4.1   Description of the Trust’s securities. (Incorporated by reference to the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on September 30, 2019.)
     
10.1   Form of Authorized Participant Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-199190, filed on January 28, 2015.)
     
10.2   Marketing Agent Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 12, 2017.)
     
10.3   Amendment No. 1 to Marketing Agent Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.4   Amendment No. 2 to Marketing Agent Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.5   Amendment No. 3 to Marketing Agent Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
10.6   Licensing and Services Agreement with respect to BDRY. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.7   Licensing and Services Agreement with respect to BWET. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
10.8   Custody Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-199190, filed on January 28, 2015.)
     
10.9   Amendment No. 1 to Custody Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.10   Amendment No. 3 to Custody Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
10.11   Fund Administration Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-199190, filed on January 28, 2015.)
     
10.12   Amendment No. 1 to Fund Administration Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.13   Amendment No. 3 to Fund Administration Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)

63

 

 

10.14   Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-199190, filed on January 28, 2015.)
     
10.15   Amendment No. 1 to Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.16   Amendment No. 3 to Fund Accounting Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
10.17   Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-199190, filed on January 28, 2015.)
     
10.18   Amendment No. 1 to Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement No. 333-218453, filed on March 6, 2018.)
     
10.19   Amendment No. 3 to Transfer Agent Servicing Agreement. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
10.20   Fee Waiver Agreement with respect to BDRY. (Incorporated by reference to the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 6, 2022.)
     
10.21   Expense Limitation Agreement with respect to BDRY. (Incorporated by reference to the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 6, 2022.)
     
10.22   Fee Waiver Agreement with respect to BWET. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
10.23   Expense Limitation Agreement with respect to BWET. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
23.1   Consent of Sullivan & Worcester LLP. (Incorporated by reference to Form S-1 Registration Statement No. 333-254634, filed on March 23, 2021.)
     
23.2   Consent of Eversheds Sutherland (US) LLP. (Incorporated by reference to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement No. 333-266945, filed on March 30, 2023.)
     
23.2   Consent of WithumSmith & Brown, P.C. as to the Trust (Filed herewith.)
     
23.3   Consent of WithumSmith & Brown, P.C. as to the Sponsor. (Incorporated by reference to the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 28, 2022.)
     
31.1   Certification by the Principal Executive Officer of the Registrant pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 of the Exchange Act. (Filed herewith.)
     
31.2   Certification by the Principal Financial Officer of the Registrant pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 of the Exchange Act. (Filed herewith.)
     
32.1   Certification by the Principal Executive Officer of the Registrant pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (Filed herewith.)
     
32.2   Certification by the Principal Financial Officer of the Registrant pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (Filed herewith.)
     
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document.
     
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
     
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
     
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
     
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
     
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
     
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

64

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

ETF Managers Group Commodity Trust I
(Registrant)
 
   
By: ETF Managers Capital, LLC  
  its Sponsor  
     
By: /s/ Matthew J. Bromberg  
Name:  Matthew J. Bromberg  
  Principal Executive Officer  
     
By: /s/ John A. Flanagan  
Name: John A. Flanagan  
  Principal Financial Officer  

 

Date: September 27, 2023

 

65

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