DOUBLELINE ETF TRUST
 
LOGO     
DoubleLine ETF Trust
Prospectus
 
February 1, 2024
 
Fixed Income
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF (DBND)
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF (DCRE)
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF (DMBS)
Equities
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF* (CAPE)
 
 
Please read this document carefully before investing, and keep it for future reference.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
 
 
Prior to February 1, 2024, the DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF traded under the ticker symbol “DCMB.”
 
* This exchange-traded fund (“ETF”) is different from traditional ETFs.
Traditional ETFs tell the public what assets they hold each day. This ETF will not. This may create additional risks for your investment. For example:
 
   
You may have to pay more money to trade this ETF’s shares. This ETF will provide less information to traders, who tend to charge more for trades when they have less information.
 
 
   
The price you pay to buy ETF shares on an exchange may not match the value of an ETF’s portfolio. The same is true when you sell shares. These price differences may be greater for this ETF compared to other ETFs because this ETF provide less information to traders.
 
 
   
These additional risks may be even greater in bad or uncertain market conditions.
 
The differences between this ETF and other ETFs may also have advantages. By keeping certain information about an ETF secret, the ETF may face less risk that other traders can predict or copy its investment strategy. This may improve an ETF’s performance. If other traders are able to copy or predict an ETF’s investment strategy, however, this may hurt the ETF’s performance.
For additional information regarding the unique attributes and risks of this ETF, see the “Principal Risks” sections, including “ActiveShares® Non-transparent Structure/ETF-Related Risks,” “trading in fund shares may be halted or fund shares may be delisted,” “Authorized Participant and AP Representative concentration risk,” and “fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV,” beginning on pages 46, 47 and 48 of this prospectus.
 
LOGO

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
THE TRUST AND THE FUNDS      1  
DOUBLELINEOPPORTUNISTIC BOND ETF      2  
DOUBLELINE COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE ETF      12  
DOUBLELINE MORTGAGE ETF      21  
DOUBLELINE SHILLER CAPE® U.S. EQUITIES ETF      30  
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES AND PRINCIPAL RISKS      39  
Investment Objectives      39  
Principal Investment Strategies      39  
Other Information Regarding Principal Investment Strategies      46  
Principal Risks      46  
Temporary Defensive Strategies      74  
Portfolio Holdings Information      74  
MANAGEMENT OF THE FUNDS      75  
Investment Adviser      75  
Portfolio Managers      75  
Advisory Agreement      76  
Additional Information      76  
PURCHASE AND SALE OF FUND SHARES      77  
DISTRIBUTIONS      79  
TAXES      80  
CREATIONS AND REDEMPTIONS      82  
INDEX DESCRIPTION      85  
DISCLAIMERS      85  
FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS      87  
PRIVACY POLICY      92  

The Trust and the Funds
This Prospectus tells you about the DoubleLine exchange-traded funds (the “Funds”, and each, a “Fund”) listed on the Prospectus cover. Each Fund offers one class of shares. Each Fund is a series of DoubleLine ETF Trust, a Delaware statutory trust (the “Trust”).

Fund Summary
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF (DBND)
Investment Objective
The Fund’s investment objective is to seek to maximize current income and total return.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. The investment advisory agreement between DoubleLine ETF Trust and DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP (the “Adviser”), the Fund’s adviser provides that the Adviser will pay all operating expenses of the Fund, except the management fees, interest expenses, dividends and other expenses on securities sold short, taxes, expenses incurred with respect to the acquisition and disposition of portfolio securities and the execution of portfolio transactions, including brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, accrued deferred tax liabilities, distribution fees or expenses, and any extraordinary expenses (such as litigation). You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the fee table or example below.
 
Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)    None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
 
Management Fees      0.50%  
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees      None  
Other Expenses      0.00%  
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses      0.50%  
Example
This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds.
This example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then sell all your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions, your costs would be:
 
1 Year    $52
3 Years    $164
5 Years    $285
10 Years    $640
Portfolio Turnover
The Fund incurs transaction costs when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 169% of the average value of its portfolio.
Principal Investment Strategies
The Fund is an actively managed exchange-traded fund (“ETF”). Under normal circumstances, the Fund intends to invest at least 80% of its net assets, plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes, in fixed income instruments or other investments with economic characteristics similar to fixed income instruments. These investments include securities issued or guaranteed by the United States Government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations; corporate obligations; agency and non-agency mortgage-backed securities of any kind, including commercial and residential mortgage-backed securities; asset-backed securities; securitized investments such as collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”), including
 
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collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”); inflation indexed bonds; covenant-lite loans; foreign fixed-income securities (corporate and government, including foreign hybrid securities); emerging market fixed income securities (corporate and government); fixed income securities offered through private placements; and fixed and floating rate debt instruments of any kind (including, among others, bank loans, assignments, participations, subordinated loans, debtor-in-possession loans, exit facilities, delayed funding loans and revolving credit facilities). The Fund’s investments may be issued in any currency and may bear fixed or variable interest rates of any maturity. The market value of derivatives that have economic characteristics similar to the investments included in the Fund’s 80% investment policy will be counted for purposes of such policy. If the Fund changes its 80% investment policy, it will notify shareholders at least 60 days in advance of the change.
The Fund may invest in fixed income instruments of any credit quality, including those that are at the time of investment unrated or rated BB+ or lower by S&P Global Ratings or Ba1 or lower by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. or the equivalent by any other nationally recognized statistical rating organization. Corporate bonds and certain other fixed income instruments rated below investment grade, or such instruments that are unrated and determined by the Adviser to be of comparable quality, are high yield, high risk bonds, commonly known as “junk bonds”. The Fund may invest up to 50% of its net assets in junk bonds, bank loans and assignments rated below investment grade or unrated but determined by the Adviser to be of comparable quality. The Adviser does not consider the term “junk bonds” to include any mortgage-backed securities or any other asset-backed securities, regardless of their credit rating or credit quality. The Fund may invest without limit in below investment grade mortgage-backed securities and other asset-backed securities.
The Fund may invest up to 5% of its net assets in defaulted corporate securities. The Fund might do so, for example, where the portfolio managers believe the restructured enterprise valuations or liquidation valuations may exceed current market values. The Fund may invest a portion of its assets in inverse floaters and interest-only and principal-only securities.
The Fund may also invest a portion of its assets in fixed income instruments (including hybrid securities) issued or guaranteed by companies, financial institutions and government entities in emerging market countries. An “emerging market country” is a country that, at the time the Fund invests in the related fixed income instruments, is classified as an emerging or developing economy by any supranational organization such as an institution in the World Bank Group or the United Nations, or an agency thereof, or is considered an emerging market country for purposes of constructing a major emerging market securities index.
The Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other investment companies, including other open-end or closed-end investment companies and ETFs, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund. The amount of the Fund’s investment in certain investment companies may be limited by law or by tax considerations.
In managing the Fund’s portfolio, the portfolio managers typically use a controlled risk approach. The techniques of this approach attempt to control the principal risk components of the fixed income markets and may include, among other factors, consideration of the Adviser’s view of the following: the potential relative performance of various market sectors, security selection available within a given sector, the risk/reward equation for different asset classes, liquidity conditions in various market sectors, the shape of the yield curve and projections for changes in the yield curve, potential fluctuations in the overall level of interest rates, and current fiscal policy.
The portfolio managers utilize active asset allocation in managing the Fund’s investments and have significant latitude to invest across fixed income sectors with varying weightings.
The Adviser monitors the duration of the Fund’s portfolio securities to seek to assess and, in its discretion, adjust the Fund’s exposure to interest rate risk. In managing the Fund’s investments, under normal market conditions, the portfolio managers intend to seek to construct an investment portfolio with a dollar-weighted average effective duration of no less than two years and no more than eight years. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a fixed income instrument that is used to determine the sensitivity of a security’s price to changes in interest rates. Effective duration is a measure of the Fund’s portfolio duration adjusted for the anticipated effect of interest rate changes on bond and mortgage prepayment rates as determined by the Adviser. The effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio may vary materially from its target range, from time to time, and there is no assurance that the effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio will always be within its target range.
The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions and other instruments of any kind for hedging purposes or otherwise to gain, or reduce, exposure to one or more asset classes or issuers. When seeking to effect or create investment leverage, the Fund typically will use derivatives transactions. The Fund may use futures contracts and options on futures contracts, in order to gain efficient investment exposures as an alternative to cash investments or to hedge against portfolio exposures; interest rate swaps, to gain indirect exposures to interest rates, issuers, or currencies, or to hedge against portfolio exposures; put and call options, and exchange-traded and structured notes, to take indirect positions on indexes, securities, currencies, or other indicators of value, or to hedge against portfolio exposures.
 
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Additionally, the Fund may purchase or sell securities on a when-issued, delayed delivery or forward commitment basis, including United States agency mortgage-backed securities that forward-settle (e.g., “To Be Announced” Securities). The Fund may seek to obtain market exposure to the securities in which it primarily invests by entering into a series of purchase and sale contracts or by using other investment techniques (such as buy backs or dollar rolls), which may create investment leverage.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities, when the portfolio managers perceive deterioration in the credit fundamentals of the issuer, or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The value of the Fund’s shares will vary as its portfolio investments increase or decrease in value. Therefore, the value of your investment in the Fund could go down as well as up. You can lose money by investing in the Fund. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
The principal risks affecting the Fund that can cause a decline in value are:
 
 
debt securities risks:
 
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credit risk: the risk that an issuer, counterparty or other obligor to the Fund will fail to pay its obligations to the Fund when they are due, which may reduce the Fund’s income and/or reduce, in whole or in part, the value of the Fund’s investment. Actual or perceived changes in the financial condition of an obligor, changes in economic, social or political conditions that affect a particular type of security, instrument, or obligor, and changes in economic, social or political conditions generally can increase the risk of default by an obligor, which can affect a security’s or other instrument’s credit quality or value and an obligor’s ability to honor its obligations when due. The values of lower-quality debt securities (commonly known as “junk bonds”), including floating rate loans, tend to be particularly sensitive to these changes. The values of securities or instruments also may decline for a number of other reasons that relate directly to the obligor, such as management performance, financial leverage, and reduced demand for the obligor’s goods and services, as well as the historical and prospective earnings of the obligor and the value of its assets.
 
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interest rate risk: the risk that debt instruments will change in value because of changes in interest rates. The value of an instrument with a longer duration (whether positive or negative) will be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a similar instrument with a shorter duration. Bonds and other debt instruments typically have a positive duration. The value of a debt instrument with positive duration will generally decline if interest rates increase. Certain other investments, such as inverse floaters and certain derivative instruments, may have a negative duration. The value of instruments with a negative duration will generally decline if interest rates decrease. Inverse floaters, interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. The risks associated with rising interest rates are heightened under current market conditions given that the U.S. Federal Reserve has raised interest rates from historically low levels and may continue to do so. Further, in market environments where interest rates are rising, issuers may be less willing or able to make principal and interest payments on fixed-income investments when due.
 
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prepayment risk: the risk that the issuer of a debt security, including floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, repays all or a portion of the principal prior to the security’s maturity. In times of declining interest rates, there is a greater likelihood that the Fund’s higher yielding securities will be pre-paid with the Fund being unable to reinvest the proceeds in an investment with as great a yield. Prepayments can therefore result in lower yields to shareholders of the Fund.
 
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extension risk: the risk that if interest rates rise, repayments of principal on certain debt securities, including, but not limited to, floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, may occur at a slower rate than expected and the expected maturity of those securities could lengthen as a result. Securities that are subject to extension risk generally have a greater potential for loss when prevailing interest rates rise, which could cause their values to fall sharply.
 
 
market risk: the risk that markets will perform poorly or that the returns from the securities in which the Fund invests will underperform returns from the general securities markets or other types of investments. Markets may, in response to governmental actions or intervention or general market conditions, including real or perceived adverse political, economic or market conditions, tariffs and trade disruptions, inflation, recession, changes in interest or currency rates, lack of liquidity in the bond markets or adverse investor sentiment, or other external factors, experience periods of high volatility and reduced liquidity. During those periods, the Fund may experience high levels of shareholder redemptions, which may only occur in Creation Units (as defined below). To satisfy such redemptions, the Fund may have to sell securities at times when the Fund would otherwise not do so, and potentially at unfavorable prices. Certain securities may be difficult to value during such periods. Market risk involves the risk that the value of the Fund’s investment portfolio will change, potentially frequently and in large amounts, as the prices of its investments go up or down. During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for some or all of the Fund’s investments may become highly illiquid. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. Please see “debt securities risks – interest rate risk” herein for more information.
 
 
securities or sector selection risk: the risk that the securities held by the Fund will underperform securities held in other funds investing in similar asset classes or comparable benchmarks because of the portfolio managers’ choice of securities or sectors for investment. To the extent the Fund allocates a higher percentage of its investment portfolio to a particular sector or related sectors, the Fund will be more susceptible to events or factors affecting companies in that sector or related sectors. For example, the values of securities of companies in the same or related sectors may be negatively affected by the common characteristics they share, the common business risks to which they are subject, common regulatory burdens, or regulatory changes that affect them similarly. Such characteristics, risks, burdens or changes include, but are not limited to, changes in governmental regulation, inflation or deflation, rising or falling interest rates, competition from new entrants, and other economic, market, political or other developments specific to that sector or related sectors.
 
 
liquidity risk: the risk that the Fund may be unable to sell a portfolio investment at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment. Illiquidity may be the result of, for example, low trading volume, lack of a market maker, or contractual or legal restrictions that limit or prevent the Fund from selling securities or closing derivative positions. During periods of substantial market disruption, a large portion of the Fund’s assets could potentially experience significant levels of illiquidity. The values of illiquid investments are often more volatile than the values of more liquid investments. It may be more difficult for the Fund to determine a fair value of an illiquid investment than that of a more liquid comparable investment.
 
 
valuation risk: the risk that the Fund will not value its investments in a manner that accurately reflects their market values or that the Fund will not be able to sell any investment at a price equal to the valuation ascribed to that investment for purposes of calculating the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”). The valuation of the Fund’s investments involves subjective judgment. Certain securities in which the Fund may invest may be more difficult to value accurately, especially during periods of market disruptions or extreme market volatility. Incorrect valuations of the Fund’s portfolio holdings could result in the Fund’s shareholder transactions being effected at an NAV that does not accurately reflect the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio, resulting in the dilution of shareholder interests.
 
 
mortgage-backed securities risk: the risk that borrowers may default on their mortgage obligations or the guarantees underlying the mortgage-backed securities will default or otherwise fail and that, during periods of falling interest rates, mortgage-backed securities will be called or prepaid, which may result in the Fund having to reinvest proceeds in other investments at a lower interest rate. During periods of rising interest rates, the average life of a mortgage-backed security may extend, which may lock in a below-market interest rate, increase the security’s duration, and reduce the value of the security. Enforcing rights against the underlying assets or collateral may be difficult, or the underlying assets or collateral may be insufficient if the issuer defaults. The values of certain types of mortgage-backed securities, such as inverse floaters and interest-only and principal-only securities, may be extremely sensitive to changes in interest rates and prepayment rates. The Fund may invest in mortgage-backed securities that are subordinate in their right to receive payment of interest and repayment of principal to other classes of the issuer’s securities.
 
 
high yield risk: the risk that debt instruments rated below investment grade or debt instruments that are unrated and of comparable or lesser quality are predominantly speculative. These instruments, commonly known as “junk bonds,” have a
 
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higher degree of default risk and may be less liquid than higher-rated bonds. These instruments may be subject to greater price volatility due to such factors as specific corporate developments, interest rate sensitivity, negative perceptions of high yield investments generally, and less secondary market liquidity.
 
 
structured products and structured notes risk: the risk that an investment in a structured product, which includes, among other things, CDOs, mortgage-backed securities, other types of asset-backed securities and certain types of structured notes, may decline in value due to changes in the underlying instruments, indexes, interest rates or other factors on which the product is based (“reference measure”). Depending on the reference measure used and the use of multipliers or deflators (if any), changes in interest rates and movement of the reference measure may cause significant price and cash flow fluctuations. Application of a multiplier is comparable to the use of financial leverage, a speculative technique. Holders of structured products indirectly bear risks associated with the reference measure, are subject to counterparty risk and typically do not have direct rights against the reference measure. Structured products are generally privately offered and sold, and thus, are not registered under the securities laws and may be thinly traded or have a limited trading market and may have the effect of increasing the Fund’s illiquidity, reducing the Fund’s income and the value of the investment. At a particular point in time, the Fund may be unable to find qualified buyers for these securities. Investments in structured notes involve risks including interest rate risk, credit risk and market risk.
 
 
loan risk: the risk that (i) if the Fund holds a loan through another financial intermediary, or relies on a financial intermediary to administer the loan, its receipt of principal and interest on the loan may be subject to the credit risk of that financial intermediary; (ii) any collateral securing a loan may be insufficient or unavailable to the Fund, because, for example, the value of the collateral securing a loan can decline, be insufficient to meet the obligations of the borrower, or be difficult to liquidate, and the Fund’s rights to collateral may be limited by bankruptcy or insolvency laws; (iii) investments in highly leveraged loans or loans of stressed, distressed, or defaulted issuers may be subject to significant credit and liquidity risk; (iv) a bankruptcy or other court proceeding could delay or limit the ability of the Fund to collect the principal and interest payments on that borrower’s loans or adversely affect the Fund’s rights in collateral relating to a loan; (v) there may be limited public information available regarding the loan and the relevant borrower(s); (vi) the use of a particular interest rate benchmark may limit the Fund’s ability to achieve a net return to shareholders that consistently approximates the average published Prime Rate of U.S. banks; (vii) the prices of certain floating rate loans that include a feature that prevents their interest rates from adjusting if market interest rates are below a specified minimum level may appreciate less than other instruments in response to changes in interest rates should interest rates rise but remain below the applicable minimum level; (viii) if a borrower fails to comply with various restrictive covenants that may be found in loan agreements, the borrower may default in payment of the loan; (ix) if the Fund invests in loans that contain fewer or less restrictive constraints on the borrower than certain other types of loans (“covenant-lite” loans), it may have fewer rights against the borrowers of such loans, including fewer protections against the possibility of default and fewer remedies in the event of default; (x) the loan is unsecured; (xi) there is a limited secondary market; (xii) transactions in loans may settle on a delayed basis, and the Fund may not receive the proceeds from the sale of a loan for a substantial period of time after the sale, which may result in sale proceeds related to the sale of loans not being available to make additional investments or to meet the Fund’s redemption obligations until potentially a substantial period after the sale of the loans; and (xiii) loans may be difficult to value and may be illiquid, which may adversely affect an investment in the Fund. The Fund may invest in loans directly or indirectly by investing in shares of another investment company and in either case will be subject to the risks described above.
 
 
asset-backed securities investment risk: the risk that borrowers may default on the obligations that underlie the asset-backed security and that, during periods of falling interest rates, asset-backed securities may be called or prepaid, which may result in the Fund having to reinvest proceeds in other investments at a lower interest rate, and the risk that the impairment of the value of the collateral underlying a security in which the Fund invests (due, for example, to non-payment of loans) will result in a reduction in the value of the security.
 
 
foreign investing risk: the risk that investments in foreign securities or in issuers with significant exposure to foreign markets, as compared to investments in U.S. securities or in issuers with predominantly domestic market exposure, may be more vulnerable to economic, political, and social instability and subject to less government supervision, less protective custody practices, lack of transparency, inadequate regulatory and accounting standards, delayed or infrequent settlement of transactions, and foreign taxes. If the Fund buys securities denominated in a foreign currency, receives income in foreign currencies, or holds foreign currencies from time to time, the value of the Fund’s assets, as measured in U.S. dollars, can be affected unfavorably by changes in exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar or other foreign currencies. Foreign markets are also subject to the risk that a foreign government could restrict foreign exchange transactions or otherwise implement unfavorable currency regulations. In addition, foreign securities may be subject to currency exchange rates or regulations, the imposition of economic sanctions, tariffs or other government restrictions, higher transaction and other costs, reduced liquidity, and delays in settlement.
 
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emerging market country risk: the risk that investing in emerging markets, as compared to foreign developed markets, increases the likelihood that the Fund will lose money, due to more limited information about the issuer and/or the security; higher brokerage costs; different accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards; less developed legal systems and thinner trading markets; the possibility of currency blockages or transfer restrictions; an emerging market country’s dependence on revenue from particular commodities or international aid; and expropriation, nationalization or other adverse political or economic developments.
 
 
counterparty risk: the risk that the Fund will be subject to credit risk with respect to the counterparties to the derivative contracts and other instruments entered into by the Fund; that the Fund’s counterparty will be unable or unwilling to perform its obligations; that the Fund will be unable to enforce contractual remedies if its counterparty defaults; that if a counterparty (or an affiliate of a counterparty) becomes bankrupt, the Fund may experience significant delays in obtaining any recovery or may obtain limited or no recovery in a bankruptcy or other insolvency proceeding. To the extent that the Fund enters into multiple transactions with a single or a small set of counterparties, it will be subject to increased counterparty risk.
 
 
defaulted securities risk: the significant risk of the uncertainty of repayment of defaulted securities (e.g., a security on which a principal or interest payment is not made when due) and obligations of distressed issuers (including insolvent issuers or issuers in payment or covenant default, in workout or restructuring or in bankruptcy or similar proceedings). Such investments entail high risk and have speculative characteristics.
 
 
foreign currency risk: the risk that fluctuations in exchange rates may adversely affect the value of the Fund’s investments denominated in foreign currencies.
 
 
operational and information security risks: an investment in the Fund, like any fund, can involve operational risks arising from factors such as processing errors, human errors, inadequate or failed internal or external processes, failures in systems and technology, changes in personnel and errors caused by third-party service providers. The occurrence of any of these failures, errors or breaches could result in investment losses to the Fund, a loss of information, regulatory scrutiny, reputational damage or other events, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Fund. While the Fund seeks to minimize such events through controls and oversight, there may still be failures that could cause losses to the Fund.
 
 
ETF related risks:
 
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authorized participant concentration risk: as an ETF, the Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis at NAV only in a large specified number of shares called a “Creation Unit.” Only a limited number of institutional investors (known as “Authorized Participants”) are authorized to purchase (or create) and redeem shares directly from the Fund. To the extent that these institutions exit the business or are unable to proceed with creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund and no other Authorized Participant is able to step forward to create or redeem, in either of these cases, Fund shares may trade at a discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting.
 
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secondary market trading risk: as an ETF, shares of the Fund trade on an exchange, the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). The Fund faces numerous market trading risks, including the potential lack of an active market for Fund shares, losses from trading in secondary markets, periods of high volatility and disruptions in the creation/redemption process. Any of these factors, among others, may lead to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
absence of active market: although the Fund’s shares are currently listed for trading on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will develop or be maintained by market makers or Authorized Participants. Authorized Participants are not obligated to execute purchase or redemption orders for Creation Units. In periods of market volatility, market makers and/or Authorized Participants may be less willing to transact in Fund shares. The absence of an active market for the Fund’s shares may contribute to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
early close/trading halt/delisting risk: trading in Fund shares may be halted due to market conditions or for other reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in shares of the Fund inadvisable. Additionally, an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its
 
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portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses. The Fund must satisfy various standards established by the Exchange in order to ensure that Fund shares can continue to be listed for trading. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met.
 
   
trading in fund shares is subject to expenses: most Fund investors will buy and sell Fund shares on the Exchange or on another secondary market. When buying or selling shares of the Fund, investors typically will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that a buyer is willing to pay for shares (the “bid” price) and the price at which a seller is willing to sell shares (the “ask” price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.”
 
   
fund shares may be sold short: shares of the Fund, similar to shares of other issuers listed on a stock exchange, may be sold short and are therefore subject to the risk of increased volatility and price decreases associated with short selling activity.
 
   
fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV: shares of the Fund trade on the Exchange at prices at, above or below the Fund’s most recent NAV. The NAV of the Fund is calculated at the end of each business day and fluctuates with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The trading price of the Fund’s shares fluctuates continuously throughout trading hours in response to relative supply of and demand for Fund shares on the Exchange and the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings or NAV. As a result, the trading prices of the Fund’s shares may deviate significantly from NAV during periods of market volatility, including during periods of high redemption requests or other unusual market conditions. ANY OF THESE FACTORS, AMONG OTHERS, MAY LEAD TO THE FUND’S SHARES TRADING AT A PREMIUM OR DISCOUNT TO NAV. Disruptions to creations and redemptions, the existence of extreme market volatility or potential lack of an active trading market for Fund shares may result in shares trading at a significant premium or discount to NAV and/or in a reduced liquidity of a shareholder’s investment. During such periods, shareholders may be unable to sell their shares, may pay significantly more than NAV when buying Fund shares, or may receive significantly less than NAV when selling Fund shares.
 
 
active management risk: the risk that the Fund will fail to meet its investment objective and that the Fund’s investment performance will depend, at least in part, on how its assets are allocated and reallocated among asset classes, sectors, underlying funds and/or investments and that such allocation will focus on asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or investments that perform poorly or underperform other asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or available investments. Any given investment strategy may fail to produce the intended results, and the Fund’s portfolio may underperform other comparable funds because of portfolio management decisions related to, among other things, the selection of investments, portfolio construction, risk assessments, and/or the outlook on market trends and opportunities.
 
 
U.S. government securities risk: the risk that debt securities issued or guaranteed by certain U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities, and sponsored enterprises are not supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, and so investments in their securities or obligations issued by them involve credit risk greater than investments in other types of U.S. government securities.
 
 
limited operating history risk: the Fund has a limited operating history for investors to evaluate. The Fund may not attract sufficient assets to achieve or maximize investment and operational efficiencies and remain viable. If the Fund fails to achieve sufficient scale, it may be liquidated.
 
 
real estate sector risk: the risk that real estate-related investments may decline in value as a result of factors affecting the real estate sector, such as the supply of real property in certain markets, changes in zoning laws, delays in completion of construction, changes in real estate values, changes in property taxes, levels of occupancy, and local, regional, and general market conditions. Along with the risks common to different types of real estate-related investments, real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), no matter the type, involve additional risk factors, including poor performance by the REIT’s manager, adverse changes to the tax laws, and the possible failure by the REIT to qualify for the favorable tax treatment available to REITs under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), or the exemption from registration under the 1940 Act. REITs are not diversified and are heavily dependent on cash flow earned on the property interests they hold.
 
 
portfolio turnover risk: the risk that frequent purchases and sales of portfolio securities may result in higher Fund expenses and may result in larger distributions of taxable capital gains to investors as compared to a fund that trades less frequently.
 
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derivatives risk: the risk that an investment in derivatives will not perform as anticipated by the Adviser, may not be available at the time or price desired, cannot be closed out at a favorable time or price, will increase the Fund’s transaction costs, or will increase the Fund’s volatility; that derivatives may create investment leverage; that, when a derivative is used as a substitute for or alternative to a direct cash investment, the transaction may not provide a return that corresponds precisely or at all with that of the cash investment; that the positions may be improperly executed or constructed; that the Fund’s counterparty will be unable or unwilling to perform its obligations; or that, when used for hedging purposes, derivatives will not provide the anticipated protection, causing the Fund to lose money on both the derivatives transaction and the exposure the Fund sought to hedge.
 
 
financial services risk: the risk that an investment in issuers in the financial services sector or transactions with one or more counterparties in the financial services sector may be adversely affected by, among other things: (i) changes in governmental regulation, which may limit both the amounts and the types of loans and other financial commitments financial services companies can make, the interest rates and fees they can charge, the scope of their activities, the prices they can charge and the amount of capital they must maintain; (ii) fluctuations, including as a result of interest rate changes or increased competition, in the availability and cost of capital funds on which the profitability of financial services companies is largely dependent; (iii) deterioration of the credit markets; (iv) credit losses resulting from financial difficulties of borrowers, especially when financial services companies are exposed to non-diversified or concentrated loan portfolios; (v) financial losses associated with investment activities, especially when financial services companies are exposed to financial leverage; (vi) the risk that any financial services company experiences substantial declines in the valuations of its assets, takes action to raise capital, or ceases operations; (vii) the risk that a market shock or other unexpected market, economic, political, regulatory, or other event might lead to a sudden decline in the values of most or all companies in the financial services sector; (viii) events leading to limited liquidity, defaults, non-performance or other adverse developments that affect financial institutions or the financial services industry generally, or concerns or rumors about any events of these kinds or other similar risks, leading to market-wide liquidity problems; and (ix) the interconnectedness or interdependence among financial services companies, including the risk that the financial distress or failure of one financial services company may materially and adversely affect a number of other financial services companies.
 
 
inflation-indexed bond risk: the risk that such bonds will change in value in response to actual or anticipated changes in inflation rates in a manner unanticipated by the Fund’s portfolio management team or investors generally. Inflation-indexed bonds are subject to debt securities risks.
 
 
leveraging risk: the risk that certain investments by the Fund involving leverage may have the effect of increasing the volatility of the value of the Fund’s portfolio, and the risk of loss in excess of invested capital.
 
 
non-diversification risk: the risk that, because a relatively higher percentage of the Fund’s assets may be invested in a limited number of issuers, the Fund may be more susceptible to any single economic, political, or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund investing in a broader range of issuers. A decline in the market value of one of the Fund’s investments may affect the Fund’s value more than if the Fund were a diversified fund. However, the Fund intends to satisfy the asset diversification requirements for qualification as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Code.
 
 
collateralized debt obligations risk: the risks of an investment in a CDO depend largely on the quality and type of the collateral and the tranche of the CDO in which the Fund invests. Normally, collateralized bond obligations, CLOs and other CDOs are privately offered and sold, and thus are not registered under the securities laws. As a result, investments in CDOs may be illiquid. In addition to the risks associated with debt instruments (e.g., interest rate risk and credit risk), CDOs carry additional risks including, but not limited to: (i) the possibility that distributions from collateral will not be adequate to make interest or other payments; (ii) the quality of the collateral may decline in value or default; (iii) the possibility that the Fund may invest in CDOs that are subordinate to other classes of the issuer’s securities; and (iv) the complex structure of the security may not be fully understood at the time of investment and may produce disputes with the issuer or unexpected investment results.
 
 
restricted securities risk: the risk that the Fund may be prevented or limited by law or the terms of an agreement from selling a security (a “restricted security”). To the extent that the Fund is permitted to sell a restricted security, there can be no assurance that a trading market will exist at any particular time, and the Fund may be unable to dispose of the security promptly at reasonable prices or at all. The Fund may have to bear the expense of registering the securities for resale and the risk of substantial delays in effecting the registration. Also, restricted securities may be difficult to value because market quotations may not be readily available, and the values of restricted securities may have significant volatility.
 
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large shareholder risk: the risk that certain account holders, including the Adviser or funds or accounts over which the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser) has investment discretion, may from time to time own or control a significant percentage of the Fund’s shares. The Fund is subject to the risk that a redemption by those shareholders of all or a portion of their Fund shares, including as a result of an asset allocation decision made by the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser), will adversely affect the Fund’s performance if it is forced to sell portfolio securities or invest cash when the Adviser would not otherwise choose to do so. Redemptions of a large number of shares may affect the liquidity of the Fund’s portfolio, increase the Fund’s transaction costs, and accelerate the realization of taxable income and/or gains to shareholders. Shareholder redemptions can only be effected in Creation Units.
 
 
investment company and exchange-traded fund risk: the risk that an investment company or other pooled investment vehicle, including any ETFs or money market funds, in which the Fund invests will not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategies effectively or that significant purchase or redemption activity by shareholders of such an investment company might negatively affect the value of its shares. The Fund must pay its pro rata portion of an investment company’s fees and expenses. To the extent the Adviser determines to invest Fund assets in other investment companies, the Adviser will have an incentive to invest in other investment vehicles sponsored or advised by the Adviser or a related party of the Adviser over investment companies sponsored or managed by others and to maintain such investments once made due to its own financial interest in those products and other business considerations.
Please see “Additional Information About Principal Investment Strategies and Principal Risks — Principal Risks” for a more detailed description of the principal risks of investing in the Fund.
Performance
The following performance information provides some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund. The bar chart shows the performance of the Fund’s shares for each full calendar year since the Fund’s inception. The table below shows how the average annual total returns of the Fund’s shares for the periods shown compare to those of a broad-based securities market index. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Updated information on the Fund’s investment results can be obtained at no charge by calling (855) 937-0772 or by visiting the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
 
LOGO
During the periods shown above, the highest and lowest quarterly returns earned by the Fund’s shares were:
 
Highest:      6.50%      Quarter ended: 12/31/2023
Lowest:      -3.23%      Quarter ended: 9/30/2023
The year-to-date total return for the Fund as of December 31, 2023 was 6.34%.
 
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Average Annual Total Returns (for the period ended December 31, 2023)
 
      One Year      Since Inception
(March 31, 2022)
 
Return Before Taxes
     6.34%        -0.44%  
Return After Taxes on Distributions
     4.42%        -2.07%  
Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Shares
     3.71%        -1.03%  
Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index
(reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
     5.53%        -1.38%  
The Fund’s after-tax returns as shown in the above table are calculated using the historical highest applicable individual federal marginal income tax rates for the period and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Your actual after-tax returns depend on your tax situation and may differ from those shown. If you own shares of the Fund in a tax-advantaged account, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account, after-tax returns shown are not relevant to your investment. The “Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Fund Shares” may be higher than other return figures because when a capital loss occurs upon the redemption of shares of the Fund, a tax deduction is provided that may benefit the investor. The Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index represents securities that are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission, taxable, and dollar denominated. This index covers the U.S. investment-grade fixed rate bond market, with index components for government and corporate securities, mortgage pass-through securities, and asset-backed securities. These major sectors are subdivided into more specific indices that are calculated and reported on a regular basis. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.
Investment Adviser
DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP is the investment adviser to the Fund.
Portfolio Managers
The portfolio managers for the Fund are:
 
Name   
Experience with
the Fund
  
Primary Title with the
Investment Adviser
Jeffrey E. Gundlach    Since the Fund’s inception in 2022    Portfolio Manager
Jeffrey J. Sherman    Since the Fund’s inception in 2022    President & Portfolio Manager
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
Individual Fund shares may only be bought and sold in the secondary market through a broker or dealer at a market price. Because ETF shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). An investor may incur costs attributable to the difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay to purchase shares of the Fund (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for shares of the Fund (ask) when buying or selling shares in the secondary market (the “bid/ask spread”). Information on the Fund’s NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, is available on the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or individual retirement account. If you invest through such tax-advantaged arrangements, you may be taxed later upon withdrawal from those arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund, the Fund’s Adviser, and the Fund’s distributor or any of their affiliates may pay the financial intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your individual salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
 
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Fund Summary
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF (DCRE)
Investment Objective
The Fund’s investment objective is to seek current income and capital preservation. As a secondary objective, the Fund seeks long-term capital appreciation.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. The investment advisory agreement between DoubleLine ETF Trust and DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP (the “Adviser”), the Fund’s adviser provides that the Adviser will pay all operating expenses of the Fund, except the management fees, interest expenses, dividends and other expenses on securities sold short, taxes, expenses incurred with respect to the acquisition and disposition of portfolio securities and the execution of portfolio transactions, including brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, accrued deferred tax liabilities, distribution fees or expenses, and any extraordinary expenses (such as litigation). You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the fee table or example below.
 
Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)    None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
 
Management Fees      0.39%  
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees      None  
Other Expenses      0.00%  
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses      0.39%  
Example
This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds.
This example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then sell all your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions, your costs would be:
 
1 Year    $41
3 Years    $128
5 Years    $224
10 Years    $505
Portfolio Turnover
The Fund incurs transaction costs when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the period beginning with commencement of operations on March 31, 2023 through September 30, 2023, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 36% of the average value of its portfolio.
Principal Investment Strategies
The Fund is an actively managed exchange-traded fund (“ETF”). Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets, plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes, in commercial real estate instruments or other investments with economic characteristics similar to commercial real estate instruments, such as derivative instruments (including credit default swaps). These investments include agency and non-agency commercial mortgage-backed securities,
 
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commercial real estate collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”), Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits, which are private entities formed for the purpose of holding a fixed pool of mortgages secured by interests in real property (“REMICs”) and Re-REMICs (which are REMICs that have been re-securitized), and single asset, single borrower loans.
The Fund may also invest in securities issued or guaranteed by the United States Government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations, as well as cash and cash equivalents.
The Fund’s investments may bear fixed or variable interest rates of any maturity. The market value of derivatives that have economic characteristics similar to the investments included in the Fund’s 80% investment policy will be counted for purposes of such policy. If the Fund changes its 80% investment policy, it will notify shareholders at least 60 days in advance of the change.
The Fund expects to invest primarily in instruments rated, at the time of purchase, A- to AAA by S&P Global Ratings or the equivalent by any other nationally recognized statistical rating organization.
The Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other registered investment companies, including other open-end or closed-end investment companies and ETFs, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund. The amount of the Fund’s investment in certain investment companies may be limited by law or by tax considerations.
In managing the Fund’s portfolio, the portfolio managers typically use a controlled risk approach. The techniques of this approach attempt to control the principal risk components of the fixed income markets and may include, among other factors, consideration of the Adviser’s view of the following: the potential relative performance of various market sectors, security selection available within a given sector, the risk/reward equation for different asset classes, liquidity conditions in various market sectors, the shape of the yield curve and projections for changes in the yield curve, potential fluctuations in the overall level of interest rates, and current fiscal policy.
The portfolio managers utilize active asset allocation in managing the Fund’s investments and have significant latitude to invest across fixed income sectors with varying weightings.
The Adviser monitors the duration of the Fund’s portfolio securities to seek to assess and, in its discretion, adjust the Fund’s exposure to interest rate risk. In managing the Fund’s investments, under normal market conditions, the portfolio managers intend to seek to construct an investment portfolio with a dollar-weighted average effective duration of three years or less. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a fixed income instrument that is used to determine the sensitivity of a security’s price to changes in interest rates. Effective duration is a measure of the Fund’s portfolio duration adjusted for the anticipated effect of interest rate changes on bond and mortgage prepayment rates as determined by the Adviser. The effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio may vary materially from time to time, and there is no assurance that the effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio will not exceed three years at any time. The Fund may invest in individual securities of any maturity or duration.
The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions and other instruments of any kind for hedging purposes or otherwise to gain, or reduce, exposure to one or more asset classes or issuers. When seeking to effect or create investment leverage, the Fund typically will use derivatives transactions. The Fund may use futures contracts and options on futures contracts, in order to gain efficient investment exposures as an alternative to cash investments or to hedge against portfolio exposures; interest rate swaps, to gain indirect exposures to interest rates, issuers, or currencies, or to hedge against portfolio exposures; put and call options, and exchange-traded and structured notes, to take indirect positions on indexes, securities, currencies, or other indicators of value, or to hedge against portfolio exposures.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities, when the portfolio managers perceive deterioration in the credit fundamentals of the issuer, or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The value of the Fund’s shares will vary as its portfolio investments increase or decrease in value. Therefore, the value of your investment in the Fund could go down as well as up. You can lose money by investing in the Fund. The significance of
 
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any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
The principal risks affecting the Fund that can cause a decline in value are:
 
 
debt securities risks:
 
  ¡   
credit risk: the risk that an issuer, counterparty or other obligor to the Fund will fail to pay its obligations to the Fund when they are due, which may reduce the Fund’s income and/or reduce, in whole or in part, the value of the Fund’s investment. Actual or perceived changes in the financial condition of an obligor, changes in economic, social or political conditions that affect a particular type of security, instrument, or obligor, and changes in economic, social or political conditions generally can increase the risk of default by an obligor, which can affect a security’s or other instrument’s credit quality or value and an obligor’s ability to honor its obligations when due. The values of lower-quality debt securities (commonly known as “junk bonds”), including floating rate loans, tend to be particularly sensitive to these changes. The values of securities or instruments also may decline for a number of other reasons that relate directly to the obligor, such as management performance, financial leverage, and reduced demand for the obligor’s goods and services, as well as the historical and prospective earnings of the obligor and the value of its assets.
 
  ¡   
interest rate risk: the risk that debt instruments will change in value because of changes in interest rates. The value of an instrument with a longer duration (whether positive or negative) will be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a similar instrument with a shorter duration. Bonds and other debt instruments typically have a positive duration. The value of a debt instrument with positive duration will generally decline if interest rates increase. Certain other investments, such as inverse floaters and certain derivative instruments, may have a negative duration. The value of instruments with a negative duration will generally decline if interest rates decrease. Inverse floaters, interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. The risks associated with rising interest rates are heightened under current market conditions given that the U.S. Federal Reserve has raised interest rates from historically low levels and may continue to do so. Further, in market environments where interest rates are rising, issuers may be less willing or able to make principal and interest payments on fixed-income investments when due.
 
  ¡   
prepayment risk: the risk that the issuer of a debt security, including floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, repays all or a portion of the principal prior to the security’s maturity. In times of declining interest rates, there is a greater likelihood that the Fund’s higher yielding securities will be pre-paid with the Fund being unable to reinvest the proceeds in an investment with as great a yield. Prepayments can therefore result in lower yields to shareholders of the Fund.
 
  ¡   
extension risk: the risk that if interest rates rise, repayments of principal on certain debt securities, including, but not limited to, floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, may occur at a slower rate than expected and the expected maturity of those securities could lengthen as a result. Securities that are subject to extension risk generally have a greater potential for loss when prevailing interest rates rise, which could cause their values to fall sharply.
 
 
market risk: the risk that markets will perform poorly or that the returns from the securities in which the Fund invests will underperform returns from the general securities markets or other types of investments. Markets may, in response to governmental actions or intervention or general market conditions, including real or perceived adverse political, economic or market conditions, tariffs and trade disruptions, inflation, recession, changes in interest or currency rates, lack of liquidity in the bond markets or adverse investor sentiment or other external factors, experience periods of high volatility and reduced liquidity. During those periods, the Fund may experience high levels of shareholder redemptions, which may only occur in Creation Units (as defined below). To satisfy such redemptions, the Fund may have to sell securities at times when the Fund would otherwise not do so, and potentially at unfavorable prices. Certain securities may be difficult to value during such periods. Market risk involves the risk that the value of the Fund’s investment portfolio will change, potentially frequently and in large amounts, as the prices of its investments go up or down. During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for some or all of the Fund’s investments may become highly illiquid. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. Please see “debt securities risks – interest rate risk” herein for more information.
 
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securities or sector selection risk: the risk that the securities held by the Fund will underperform securities held in other funds investing in similar asset classes or comparable benchmarks because of the portfolio managers’ choice of securities or sectors for investment. To the extent the Fund allocates a higher percentage of its investment portfolio to a particular sector or related sectors, the Fund will be more susceptible to events or factors affecting companies in that sector or related sectors. For example, the values of securities of companies in the same or related sectors may be negatively affected by the common characteristics they share, the common business risks to which they are subject, common regulatory burdens, or regulatory changes that affect them similarly. Such characteristics, risks, burdens or changes include, but are not limited to, changes in governmental regulation, inflation or deflation, rising or falling interest rates, competition from new entrants, and other economic, market, political or other developments specific to that sector or related sectors. Although the Fund will not focus or concentrate its investments in companies within the real estate sector, the risk characteristics of the Fund’s portfolio will be closely tied to that of the real estate sector, which is described immediately below.
 
 
real estate sector and commercial real estate markets risk: the risk that commercial real estate-related investments may decline in value as a result of factors affecting the real estate sector (and, in particular, the commercial real estate markets), such as the supply of real property in certain markets, changes in zoning laws, delays in completion of construction, changes in real estate values, changes in property taxes, levels of occupancy, and local, regional, and general market conditions. Commercial real estate loans are secured by commercial property and are subject to the risks of delinquency and foreclosure. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by an income-producing property typically is dependent primarily on the successful operation of such property. If a borrower’s net operating income is reduced due to changing national, regional or local economic conditions, changes in business demand, social unrest and civil disturbances, political unrest, global health crises, or other reasons, then the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. Tenant mix, success of tenant businesses, property management decisions, property location and conditions, competition from comparable properties, changes in laws that increase operating expenses or limit rents that may be charged, the need to address environmental issues associated with a property, declines in real estate values, increases in interest rates or taxes, and increase in regulatory and compliance costs can all negatively affect returns on investments in commercial real estate.
 
 
liquidity risk: the risk that the Fund may be unable to sell a portfolio investment at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment. Illiquidity may be the result of, for example, low trading volume, lack of a market maker, or contractual or legal restrictions that limit or prevent the Fund from selling securities or closing derivative positions. During periods of substantial market disruption, a large portion of the Fund’s assets could potentially experience significant levels of illiquidity. The values of illiquid investments are often more volatile than the values of more liquid investments. It may be more difficult for the Fund to determine a fair value of an illiquid investment than that of a more liquid comparable investment.
 
 
valuation risk: the risk that the Fund will not value its investments in a manner that accurately reflects their market values or that the Fund will not be able to sell any investment at a price equal to the valuation ascribed to that investment for purposes of calculating the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”). The valuation of the Fund’s investments involves subjective judgment. Certain securities in which the Fund may invest may be more difficult to value accurately, especially during periods of market disruptions or extreme market volatility. Incorrect valuations of the Fund’s portfolio holdings could result in the Fund’s shareholder transactions being effected at an NAV that does not accurately reflect the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio, resulting in the dilution of shareholder interests.
 
 
mortgage-backed securities risk: the risk that borrowers may default on their mortgage obligations or the guarantees underlying the mortgage-backed securities will default or otherwise fail and that, during periods of falling interest rates, mortgage-backed securities will be called or prepaid, which may result in the Fund having to reinvest proceeds in other investments at a lower interest rate. During periods of rising interest rates, the average life of a mortgage-backed security may extend, which may lock in a below-market interest rate, increase the security’s duration, and reduce the value of the security. Enforcing rights against the underlying assets or collateral may be difficult, or the underlying assets or collateral may be insufficient if the issuer defaults. The values of certain types of mortgage-backed securities, such as inverse floaters and interest-only and principal-only securities, may be extremely sensitive to changes in interest rates and prepayment rates. The Fund may invest in mortgage-backed securities that are subordinate in their right to receive payment of interest and repayment of principal to other classes of the issuer’s securities.
 
 
structured products and structured notes risk: the risk that an investment in a structured product, which includes, among other things, CDOs, mortgage-backed securities, other types of asset-backed securities and certain types of structured notes, may decline in value due to changes in the underlying instruments, indexes, interest rates or other factors on which the product is based (“reference measure”). Depending on the reference measure used and the use of multipliers or
 
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deflators (if any), changes in interest rates and movement of the reference measure may cause significant price and cash flow fluctuations. Application of a multiplier is comparable to the use of financial leverage, a speculative technique. Holders of structured products indirectly bear risks associated with the reference measure, are subject to counterparty risk and typically do not have direct rights against the reference measure. Structured products are generally privately offered and sold, and thus, are not registered under the securities laws and may be thinly traded or have a limited trading market and may have the effect of increasing the Fund’s illiquidity, reducing the Fund’s income and the value of the investment. At a particular point in time, the Fund may be unable to find qualified buyers for these securities. Investments in structured notes involve risks including interest rate risk, credit risk and market risk.
 
 
loan risk: the risk that (i) if the Fund holds a loan through another financial intermediary, or relies on a financial intermediary to administer the loan, its receipt of principal and interest on the loan may be subject to the credit risk of that financial intermediary; (ii) any collateral securing a loan may be insufficient or unavailable to the Fund, because, for example, the value of the collateral securing a loan can decline, be insufficient to meet the obligations of the borrower, or be difficult to liquidate, and the Fund’s rights to collateral may be limited by bankruptcy or insolvency laws; (iii) investments in highly leveraged loans or loans of stressed, distressed, or defaulted issuers may be subject to significant credit and liquidity risk; (iv) a bankruptcy or other court proceeding could delay or limit the ability of the Fund to collect the principal and interest payments on that borrower’s loans or adversely affect the Fund’s rights in collateral relating to a loan; (v) there may be limited public information available regarding the loan and the relevant borrower(s); (vi) the use of a particular interest rate benchmark may limit the Fund’s ability to achieve a net return to shareholders that consistently approximates the average published Prime Rate of U.S. banks; (vii) the prices of certain floating rate loans that include a feature that prevents their interest rates from adjusting if market interest rates are below a specified minimum level may appreciate less than other instruments in response to changes in interest rates should interest rates rise but remain below the applicable minimum level; (viii) if a borrower fails to comply with various restrictive covenants that may be found in loan agreements, the borrower may default in payment of the loan; (ix) if the Fund invests in loans that contain fewer or less restrictive constraints on the borrower than certain other types of loans (“covenant-lite” loans), it may have fewer rights against the borrowers of such loans, including fewer protections against the possibility of default and fewer remedies in the event of default; (x) the loan is unsecured; (xi) there is a limited secondary market; (xii) transactions in loans may settle on a delayed basis, and the Fund may not receive the proceeds from the sale of a loan for a substantial period of time after the sale, which may result in sale proceeds related to the sale of loans not being available to make additional investments or to meet the Fund’s redemption obligations until potentially a substantial period after the sale of the loans; and (xiii) loans may be difficult to value and may be illiquid, which may adversely affect an investment in the Fund. The Fund may invest in loans directly or indirectly by investing in shares of another investment company and in either case will be subject to the risks described above.
 
 
counterparty risk: the risk that the Fund will be subject to credit risk with respect to the counterparties to the derivative contracts and other instruments entered into by the Fund; that the Fund’s counterparty will be unable or unwilling to perform its obligations; that the Fund will be unable to enforce contractual remedies if its counterparty defaults; that if a counterparty (or an affiliate of a counterparty) becomes bankrupt, the Fund may experience significant delays in obtaining any recovery or may obtain limited or no recovery in a bankruptcy or other insolvency proceeding. To the extent that the Fund enters into multiple transactions with a single or a small set of counterparties, it will be subject to increased counterparty risk.
 
 
operational and information security risks: an investment in the Fund, like any fund, can involve operational risks arising from factors such as processing errors, human errors, inadequate or failed internal or external processes, failures in systems and technology, changes in personnel and errors caused by third-party service providers. The occurrence of any of these failures, errors or breaches could result in investment losses to the Fund, a loss of information, regulatory scrutiny, reputational damage or other events, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Fund. While the Fund seeks to minimize such events through controls and oversight, there may still be failures that could cause losses to the Fund.
 
 
ETF related risks:
 
  ¡   
authorized participant concentration risk: as an ETF, the Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis at NAV only in a large specified number of shares called a “Creation Unit.” Only a limited number of institutional investors (known as “Authorized Participants”) are authorized to purchase (or create) and redeem shares directly from the Fund. To the extent that these institutions exit the business or are unable to proceed with creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund and no other Authorized Participant is able to step forward to create or redeem, in either of these cases, Fund shares may trade at a discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting.
 
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  ¡   
secondary market trading risk: as an ETF, shares of the Fund trade on an exchange, the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). The Fund faces numerous market trading risks, including the potential lack of an active market for Fund shares, losses from trading in secondary markets, periods of high volatility and disruptions in the creation/redemption process. Any of these factors, among others, may lead to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
absence of active market: although the Fund’s shares are currently listed for trading on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will develop or be maintained by market makers or Authorized Participants. Authorized Participants are not obligated to execute purchase or redemption orders for Creation Units. In periods of market volatility, market makers and/or Authorized Participants may be less willing to transact in Fund shares. The absence of an active market for the Fund’s shares may contribute to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
early close/trading halt/delisting risk: trading in Fund shares may be halted due to market conditions or for other reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in shares of the Fund inadvisable. Additionally, an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses. The Fund must satisfy various standards established by the Exchange in order to ensure that Fund shares can continue to be listed for trading. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met.
 
   
trading in fund shares is subject to expenses: most Fund investors will buy and sell Fund shares on the Exchange or on another secondary market. When buying or selling shares of the Fund, investors typically will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that a buyer is willing to pay for shares (the “bid” price) and the price at which a seller is willing to sell shares (the “ask” price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.”
 
   
fund shares may be sold short: shares of the Fund, similar to shares of other issuers listed on a stock exchange, may be sold short and are therefore subject to the risk of increased volatility and price decreases associated with short selling activity.
 
   
fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV: shares of the Fund trade on the Exchange at prices at, above or below the Fund’s most recent NAV. The NAV of the Fund is calculated at the end of each business day and fluctuates with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The trading price of the Fund’s shares fluctuates continuously throughout trading hours in response to relative supply of and demand for Fund shares on the Exchange and the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings or NAV. As a result, the trading prices of the Fund’s shares may deviate significantly from NAV during periods of market volatility, including during periods of high redemption requests or other unusual market conditions. ANY OF THESE FACTORS, AMONG OTHERS, MAY LEAD TO THE FUND’S SHARES TRADING AT A PREMIUM OR DISCOUNT TO NAV. Disruptions to creations and redemptions, the existence of extreme market volatility or potential lack of an active trading market for Fund shares may result in shares trading at a significant premium or discount to NAV and/or in a reduced liquidity of a shareholder’s investment. During such periods, shareholders may be unable to sell their shares, may pay significantly more than NAV when buying Fund shares, or may receive significantly less than NAV when selling Fund shares.
 
 
active management risk: the risk that the Fund will fail to meet its investment objective and that the Fund’s investment performance will depend, at least in part, on how its assets are allocated and reallocated among asset classes, sectors, underlying funds and/or investments and that such allocation will focus on asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or investments that perform poorly or underperform other asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or available investments. Any given investment strategy may fail to produce the intended results, and the Fund’s portfolio may underperform other comparable funds because of portfolio management decisions related to, among other things, the selection of investments, portfolio construction, risk assessments, and/or the outlook on market trends and opportunities.
 
 
U.S. government securities risk: the risk that debt securities issued or guaranteed by certain U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities, and sponsored enterprises are not supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, and so investments in their securities or obligations issued by them involve credit risk greater than investments in other types of U.S. government securities.
 
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limited operating history risk: the Fund has a limited operating history for investors to evaluate. The Fund may not attract sufficient assets to achieve or maximize investment and operational efficiencies and remain viable. If the Fund fails to achieve sufficient scale, it may be liquidated.
 
 
portfolio turnover risk: the risk that frequent purchases and sales of portfolio securities may result in higher Fund expenses and may result in larger distributions of taxable capital gains to investors as compared to a fund that trades less frequently.
 
 
derivatives risk: the risk that an investment in derivatives will not perform as anticipated by the Adviser, may not be available at the time or price desired, cannot be closed out at a favorable time or price, will increase the Fund’s transaction costs, or will increase the Fund’s volatility; that derivatives may create investment leverage; that, when a derivative is used as a substitute for or alternative to a direct cash investment, the transaction may not provide a return that corresponds precisely or at all with that of the cash investment; that the positions may be improperly executed or constructed; that the Fund’s counterparty will be unable or unwilling to perform its obligations; or that, when used for hedging purposes, derivatives will not provide the anticipated protection, causing the Fund to lose money on both the derivatives transaction and the exposure the Fund sought to hedge.
 
 
financial services risk: the risk that an investment in issuers in the financial services sector or transactions with one or more counterparties in the financial services sector may be adversely affected by, among other things: (i) changes in governmental regulation, which may limit both the amounts and the types of loans and other financial commitments financial services companies can make, the interest rates and fees they can charge, the scope of their activities, the prices they can charge and the amount of capital they must maintain; (ii) fluctuations, including as a result of interest rate changes or increased competition, in the availability and cost of capital funds on which the profitability of financial services companies is largely dependent; (iii) deterioration of the credit markets; (iv) credit losses resulting from financial difficulties of borrowers, especially when financial services companies are exposed to non-diversified or concentrated loan portfolios; (v) financial losses associated with investment activities, especially when financial services companies are exposed to financial leverage; (vi) the risk that any financial services company experiences substantial declines in the valuations of its assets, takes action to raise capital, or ceases operations; (vii) the risk that a market shock or other unexpected market, economic, political, regulatory, or other event might lead to a sudden decline in the values of most or all companies in the financial services sector; (viii) events leading to limited liquidity, defaults, non-performance or other adverse developments that affect financial institutions or the financial services industry generally, or concerns or rumors about any events of these kinds or other similar risks, leading to market-wide liquidity problems; and (ix) the interconnectedness or interdependence among financial services companies, including the risk that the financial distress or failure of one financial services company may materially and adversely affect a number of other financial services companies.
 
 
leveraging risk: the risk that certain investments by the Fund involving leverage may have the effect of increasing the volatility of the value of the Fund’s portfolio, and the risk of loss in excess of invested capital.
 
 
non-diversification risk: the risk that, because a relatively higher percentage of the Fund’s assets may be invested in a limited number of issuers, the Fund may be more susceptible to any single economic, political, or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund investing in a broader range of issuers. A decline in the market value of one of the Fund’s investments may affect the Fund’s value more than if the Fund were a diversified fund. However, the Fund intends to satisfy the asset diversification requirements for qualification as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
 
 
collateralized debt obligations risk: the risks of an investment in a CDO depend largely on the quality and type of the collateral and the tranche of the CDO in which the Fund invests. Normally, collateralized bond obligations , CLOs and other CDOs are privately offered and sold, and thus are not registered under the securities laws. As a result, investments in CDOs may be illiquid. In addition to the risks associated with debt instruments (e.g., interest rate risk and credit risk), CDOs carry additional risks including, but not limited to: (i) the possibility that distributions from collateral will not be adequate to make interest or other payments; (ii) the quality of the collateral may decline in value or default; (iii) the possibility that the Fund may invest in CDOs that are subordinate to other classes of the issuer’s securities; and (iv) the complex structure of the security may not be fully understood at the time of investment and may produce disputes with the issuer or unexpected investment results.
 
 
restricted securities risk: the risk that the Fund may be prevented or limited by law or the terms of an agreement from selling a security (a “restricted security”). To the extent that the Fund is permitted to sell a restricted security, there can be no assurance that a trading market will exist at any particular time, and the Fund may be unable to dispose of the
 
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security promptly at reasonable prices or at all. The Fund may have to bear the expense of registering the securities for resale and the risk of substantial delays in effecting the registration. Also, restricted securities may be difficult to value because market quotations may not be readily available, and the values of restricted securities may have significant volatility.
 
 
large shareholder risk: the risk that certain account holders, including the Adviser or funds or accounts over which the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser) has investment discretion, may from time to time own or control a significant percentage of the Fund’s shares. The Fund is subject to the risk that a redemption by those shareholders of all or a portion of their Fund shares, including as a result of an asset allocation decision made by the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser), will adversely affect the Fund’s performance if it is forced to sell portfolio securities or invest cash when the Adviser would not otherwise choose to do so. Redemptions of a large number of shares may affect the liquidity of the Fund’s portfolio, increase the Fund’s transaction costs, and accelerate the realization of taxable income and/or gains to shareholders. Shareholder redemptions can only be effected in Creation Units.
 
 
investment company and exchange-traded fund risk: the risk that an investment company or other pooled investment vehicle, including any ETFs or money market funds, in which the Fund invests will not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategies effectively or that significant purchase or redemption activity by shareholders of such an investment company might negatively affect the value of its shares. The Fund must pay its pro rata portion of an investment company’s fees and expenses. To the extent the Adviser determines to invest Fund assets in other investment companies, the Adviser will have an incentive to invest in other investment vehicles sponsored or advised by the Adviser or a related party of the Adviser over investment companies sponsored or managed by others and to maintain such investments once made due to its own financial interest in those products and other business considerations.
Please see “Additional Information About Principal Investment Strategies and Principal Risks — Principal Risks” for a more detailed description of the principal risks of investing in the Fund.
Performance
Performance information for the Fund is not included because the Fund has not had one full calendar year of performance. Financial information for the Fund for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023 is available in the Financial Highlights section of the Prospectus. Information on the Fund’s investment results, including its NAV per share, can be obtained at no charge by calling (855) 937-0772 or by visiting the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
Investment Adviser
DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP is the investment adviser to the Fund.
Portfolio Managers
The portfolio managers for the Fund are:
 
Name   
Experience with
the Fund
  
Primary Title with the
Investment Adviser
Morris Chen    Since the Fund’s inception in 2023    Portfolio Manager
Mark Cho    Since the Fund’s inception in 2023    Portfolio Manager
Robert Stanbrook    Since the Fund’s inception in 2023    Portfolio Manager
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
Individual Fund shares may only be bought and sold in the secondary market through a broker or dealer at a market price. Because ETF shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). An investor may incur costs attributable to the difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay to purchase shares of the Fund (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for shares of the Fund (ask) when buying or selling shares in the secondary market (the “bid/ask spread”). Information on the Fund’s NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, will be available on the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
 
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Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or individual retirement account. If you invest through such tax-advantaged arrangements, you may be taxed later upon withdrawal from those arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund, the Fund’s Adviser, and the Fund’s distributor or any of their affiliates may pay the financial intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your individual salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
 
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Fund Summary
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF (DMBS)
Investment Objective
The Fund’s investment objective is to seek total return (capital appreciation and current income) which exceeds the total return of its benchmark index, the Bloomberg U.S. Mortgage-Backed Securities Index, over a full market cycle.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. The investment advisory agreement between DoubleLine ETF Trust and DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP (the “Adviser”), the Fund’s adviser provides that the Adviser will pay all operating expenses of the Fund, except the management fees, interest expenses, dividends and other expenses on securities sold short, taxes, expenses incurred with respect to the acquisition and disposition of portfolio securities and the execution of portfolio transactions, including brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, accrued deferred tax liabilities, distribution fees or expenses, and any extraordinary expenses (such as litigation). You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the fee table or example below.
 
Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)    None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
 
Management Fees      0.49%  
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees      None  
Other Expenses      0.00%  
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses      0.49%  
Example
This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds.
This example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then sell all your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions, your costs would be:
 
1 Year    $52
3 Years    $164
5 Years    $285
10 Years    $640
Portfolio Turnover
The Fund incurs transaction costs when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the period beginning with commencement of operations on March 31, 2023 through September 30, 2023, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 31% of the average value of its portfolio.
Principal Investment Strategies
The Fund is an actively managed exchange-traded fund (“ETF”). Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in residential mortgage-backed securities and other residential mortgage-related securities (together, “Residential Mortgage Securities”) deemed to be rated investment grade at the time of purchase. Residential Mortgage Securities in which the Fund may invest include, without limitation:
 
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residential mortgage-related securities of any maturity or type, including those guaranteed by, or secured by collateral that is guaranteed by, the United States Government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations, and privately issued mortgage-backed securities; pass-through securities, including government, private, and multiclass pass-through securities; stripped mortgage securities (interest-only and principal-only securities); mortgage servicing rights; single-family rental-related securities; collateralized mortgage obligations; Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits, which are private entities formed for the purpose of holding a fixed pool of mortgages secured by interests in real property (“REMICS”) and Re-REMICs (which are REMICs that have been re-securitized); loan participations and similar instruments; credit risk transfer securities that, while not backed by mortgage loans, have credit exposure to a pool of mortgage loans acquired by the government-sponsored entity or private entity issuing the securities; instruments backed by collateral such as performing, non-performing (i.e., loans currently delinquent or in default) and/or re-performing loans (i.e., loans previously, but no longer, delinquent or in default), qualified and non-qualified mortgage loans; and mortgage-related derivatives such as inverse floaters (instruments whose coupon rate is inversely related to the reference rate), inverse interest-only securities and repurchase agreements. The Fund’s investments may bear fixed or variable interest rates of any maturity. The market value of derivatives that have economic characteristics similar to the investments included in the Fund’s 80% investment policy will be counted for purposes of such policy. If the Fund changes its 80% investment policy, it will notify shareholders at least 60 days in advance of the change.
The Adviser expects normally to invest at least 50% of its net assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in Residential Mortgage Securities issued and guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations such as the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.
Although under normal circumstances the Fund intends to invest primarily in Residential Mortgage Securities deemed to be rated investment grade (i.e., securities rated Baa3/BBB- or higher) at the time of purchase, the Fund may also invest in certain other fixed-income securities as contemplated herein, including derivatives, U.S. government securities, and other cash and cash-equivalents.
The Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other registered investment companies, including other open-end or closed-end investment companies and ETFs, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund. The amount of the Fund’s investment in certain investment companies may be limited by law or by tax considerations.
In selecting among available Residential Mortgage Securities, the Fund expects to consider, among other things, available yield, duration characteristics, collateral quality, level of correlation to other risk assets, supply/demand technicals, and sponsor quality. The Fund may invest in any level of the capital structure of an issuer, including subordinated or residual tranches and the equity or “first loss” tranche.
The portfolio managers utilize active asset allocation in managing the Fund’s investments and have significant latitude to invest across fixed income sectors with varying weightings.
The Adviser has broad discretion to manage the Fund’s portfolio duration; however, the Adviser expects normally to construct an investment portfolio with a dollar-weighted average effective duration within two years (plus or minus) of that of its benchmark index, the Bloomberg U.S. Mortgage-Backed Securities Index, which was approximately 6 years as of November 30, 2023. The Adviser monitors the duration of the Fund’s portfolio securities to seek to assess and, in its discretion, adjust the Fund’s exposure to interest rate risk. The Adviser seeks to manage the Fund’s duration based on the Adviser’s view of, among other things, future interest rates and market conditions. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a fixed income instrument that is used to determine the sensitivity of a security’s price to changes in interest rates. Effective duration is a measure of the Fund’s portfolio duration adjusted for the anticipated effect of interest rate changes on bond and mortgage prepayment rates as determined by the Adviser. The Fund may invest in individual securities of any maturity or duration. The effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio may vary significantly from time to time and may be negative at certain times, and there is no assurance that the effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio will remain within the targeted range described above.
The Adviser may seek to manage the dollar-weighted average effective duration of the Fund’s portfolio through the purchase and sale of securities of different durations and through the use of derivatives and other instruments (including, among others, inverse floaters, futures contracts, U.S. Treasury swaps, interest rate swaps, total return swaps and options, including swaptions). The Fund may incur costs in implementing duration management strategies, and there can be no assurance that the Fund will engage in duration management strategies or that any duration management strategy employed by the Fund will be successful.
 
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The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions and other instruments of any kind for hedging purposes, in lieu of cash investments or otherwise to gain, or reduce, exposure to one or more asset classes or issuers. When seeking to effect or create investment leverage, the Fund typically will use derivatives transactions. The Fund may use futures contracts and options on futures contracts, in order to gain efficient investment exposures as an alternative to cash investments or to hedge against portfolio exposures; interest rate swaps, to gain indirect exposures to interest rates, or to hedge against portfolio exposures; put and call options, and exchange-traded and structured notes, to take indirect positions on indexes, securities, or other indicators of value, or to hedge against portfolio exposures.
Additionally, the Fund may purchase or sell securities on a when-issued, delayed delivery or forward commitment basis, including United States agency mortgage-backed securities that forward-settle (e.g., “To Be Announced” Securities”). The Fund may seek to obtain market exposure to the securities in which it primarily invests by entering into a series of purchase and sale contracts or by using other investment techniques (such as buy backs or dollar rolls), which may create investment leverage.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities, when the portfolio managers perceive deterioration in the credit fundamentals of the issuer, or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The value of the Fund’s shares will vary as its portfolio investments increase or decrease in value. Therefore, the value of your investment in the Fund could go down as well as up. You can lose money by investing in the Fund. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
The principal risks affecting the Fund that can cause a decline in value are:
 
 
debt securities risks:
 
  ¡   
credit risk: the risk that an issuer, counterparty or other obligor to the Fund will fail to pay its obligations to the Fund when they are due, which may reduce the Fund’s income and/or reduce, in whole or in part, the value of the Fund’s investment. Actual or perceived changes in the financial condition of an obligor, changes in economic, social or political conditions that affect a particular type of security, instrument, or obligor, and changes in economic, social or political conditions generally can increase the risk of default by an obligor, which can affect a security’s or other instrument’s credit quality or value and an obligor’s ability to honor its obligations when due. The values of lower-quality debt securities (commonly known as “junk bonds”), including floating rate loans, tend to be particularly sensitive to these changes. The values of securities or instruments also may decline for a number of other reasons that relate directly to the obligor, such as management performance, financial leverage, and reduced demand for the obligor’s goods and services, as well as the historical and prospective earnings of the obligor and the value of its assets.
 
  ¡   
interest rate risk: the risk that debt instruments will change in value because of changes in interest rates. The value of an instrument with a longer duration (whether positive or negative) will be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a similar instrument with a shorter duration. Bonds and other debt instruments typically have a positive duration. The value of a debt instrument with positive duration will generally decline if interest rates increase. Certain other investments, such as inverse floaters and certain derivative instruments, may have a negative duration. The value of instruments with a negative duration will generally decline if interest rates decrease. Inverse floaters, interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. The risks associated with rising interest rates are heightened under current market conditions given that the U.S. Federal Reserve has raised interest rates from historically low levels and may continue to do so. Further, in market environments where interest rates are rising, issuers may be less willing or able to make principal and interest payments on fixed-income investments when due.
 
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prepayment risk: the risk that the issuer of a debt security, including floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, repays all or a portion of the principal prior to the security’s maturity. In times of declining interest rates, there is a greater likelihood that the Fund’s higher yielding securities will be pre-paid with the Fund being unable to reinvest the proceeds in an investment with as great a yield. Prepayments can therefore result in lower yields to shareholders of the Fund.
 
  ¡   
extension risk: the risk that if interest rates rise, repayments of principal on certain debt securities, including, but not limited to, floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, may occur at a slower rate than expected and the expected maturity of those securities could lengthen as a result. Securities that are subject to extension risk generally have a greater potential for loss when prevailing interest rates rise, which could cause their values to fall sharply.
 
 
market risk: the risk that markets will perform poorly or that the returns from the securities in which the Fund invests will underperform returns from the general securities markets or other types of investments. Markets may, in response to governmental actions or intervention or general market conditions, including real or perceived adverse political, economic or market conditions, tariffs and trade disruptions, inflation, recession, changes in interest or currency rates, lack of liquidity in the bond markets or adverse investor sentiment, or other external factors, experience periods of high volatility and reduced liquidity. During those periods, the Fund may experience high levels of shareholder redemptions, which may only occur in Creation Units (as defined below). To satisfy such redemptions, the Fund may have to sell securities at times when the Fund would otherwise not do so, and potentially at unfavorable prices. Certain securities may be difficult to value during such periods. Market risk involves the risk that the value of the Fund’s investment portfolio will change, potentially frequently and in large amounts, as the prices of its investments go up or down. During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for some or all of the Fund’s investments may become highly illiquid. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. Please see “debt securities risks — interest rate risk” herein for more information.
 
 
securities or sector selection risk: the risk that the securities held by the Fund will underperform securities held in other funds investing in similar asset classes or comparable benchmarks because of the portfolio managers’ choice of securities or sectors for investment. To the extent the Fund allocates a higher percentage of its investment portfolio to a particular sector or related sectors, the Fund will be more susceptible to events or factors affecting companies in that sector or related sectors. For example, the values of securities of companies in the same or related sectors may be negatively affected by the common characteristics they share, the common business risks to which they are subject, common regulatory burdens, or regulatory changes that affect them similarly. Such characteristics, risks, burdens or changes include, but are not limited to, changes in governmental regulation, inflation or deflation, rising or falling interest rates, competition from new entrants, and other economic, market, political or other developments specific to that sector or related sectors. Although the Fund will not focus or concentrate its investments in companies within the real estate sector, the risk characteristics of the Fund’s portfolio will be closely tied to that of the real estate sector, which is described immediately below.
 
 
real estate sector risk: the risk that real estate-related investments may decline in value as a result of factors affecting the real estate sector, such as the supply of real property in certain markets, changes in zoning laws, delays in completion of construction, changes in real estate values, changes in property taxes, levels of occupancy, and local, regional, and general market conditions.
 
 
liquidity risk: the risk that the Fund may be unable to sell a portfolio investment at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment. Illiquidity may be the result of, for example, low trading volume, lack of a market maker, or contractual or legal restrictions that limit or prevent the Fund from selling securities or closing derivative positions. During periods of substantial market disruption, a large portion of the Fund’s assets could potentially experience significant levels of illiquidity. The values of illiquid investments are often more volatile than the values of more liquid investments. It may be more difficult for the Fund to determine a fair value of an illiquid investment than that of a more liquid comparable investment.
 
 
valuation risk: the risk that the Fund will not value its investments in a manner that accurately reflects their market values or that the Fund will not be able to sell any investment at a price equal to the valuation ascribed to that investment for purposes of calculating the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”). The valuation of the Fund’s investments involves subjective judgment. Certain securities in which the Fund may invest may be more difficult to value accurately, especially during periods of market disruptions or extreme market volatility. Incorrect valuations of the Fund’s portfolio holdings could result in the Fund’s shareholder transactions being effected at an NAV that does not accurately reflect the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio, resulting in the dilution of shareholder interests.
 
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mortgage-backed securities risk: the risk that borrowers may default on their mortgage obligations or the guarantees underlying the mortgage-backed securities will default or otherwise fail and that, during periods of falling interest rates, mortgage-backed securities will be called or prepaid, which may result in the Fund having to reinvest proceeds in other investments at a lower interest rate. During periods of rising interest rates, the average life of a mortgage-backed security may extend, which may lock in a below-market interest rate, increase the security’s duration, and reduce the value of the security. Enforcing rights against the underlying assets or collateral may be difficult, or the underlying assets or collateral may be insufficient if the issuer defaults. The values of certain types of mortgage-backed securities, such as inverse floaters and interest-only and principal-only securities, may be extremely sensitive to changes in interest rates and prepayment rates. The Fund may invest in mortgage-backed securities that are subordinate in their right to receive payment of interest and repayment of principal to other classes of the issuer’s securities.
 
 
structured products and structured notes risk: the risk that an investment in a structured product, which includes, among other things, CDOs, mortgage-backed securities, other types of asset-backed securities and certain types of structured notes, may decline in value due to changes in the underlying instruments, indexes, interest rates or other factors on which the product is based (“reference measure”). Depending on the reference measure used and the use of multipliers or deflators (if any), changes in interest rates and movement of the reference measure may cause significant price and cash flow fluctuations. Application of a multiplier is comparable to the use of financial leverage, a speculative technique. Holders of structured products indirectly bear risks associated with the reference measure, are subject to counterparty risk and typically do not have direct rights against the reference measure. Structured products are generally privately offered and sold, and thus, are not registered under the securities laws and may be thinly traded or have a limited trading market and may have the effect of increasing the Fund’s illiquidity, reducing the Fund’s income and the value of the investment. At a particular point in time, the Fund may be unable to find qualified buyers for these securities. Investments in structured notes involve risks including interest rate risk, credit risk and market risk.
 
 
loan risk: the risk that (i) if the Fund holds a loan through another financial intermediary, or relies on a financial intermediary to administer the loan, its receipt of principal and interest on the loan may be subject to the credit risk of that financial intermediary; (ii) any collateral securing a loan may be insufficient or unavailable to the Fund, because, for example, the value of the collateral securing a loan can decline, be insufficient to meet the obligations of the borrower, or be difficult to liquidate, and the Fund’s rights to collateral may be limited by bankruptcy or insolvency laws; (iii) investments in highly leveraged loans or loans of stressed, distressed, or defaulted issuers may be subject to significant credit and liquidity risk; (iv) a bankruptcy or other court proceeding could delay or limit the ability of the Fund to collect the principal and interest payments on that borrower’s loans or adversely affect the Fund’s rights in collateral relating to a loan; (v) there may be limited public information available regarding the loan and the relevant borrower(s); (vi) the use of a particular interest rate benchmark may limit the Fund’s ability to achieve a net return to shareholders that consistently approximates the average published Prime Rate of U.S. banks; (vii) the prices of certain floating rate loans that include a feature that prevents their interest rates from adjusting if market interest rates are below a specified minimum level may appreciate less than other instruments in response to changes in interest rates should interest rates rise but remain below the applicable minimum level; (viii) if a borrower fails to comply with various restrictive covenants that may be found in loan agreements, the borrower may default in payment of the loan; (ix) if the Fund invests in loans that contain fewer or less restrictive constraints on the borrower than certain other types of loans (“covenant-lite” loans), it may have fewer rights against the borrowers of such loans, including fewer protections against the possibility of default and fewer remedies in the event of default; (x) the loan is unsecured; (xi) there is a limited secondary market; (xii) transactions in loans may settle on a delayed basis, and the Fund may not receive the proceeds from the sale of a loan for a substantial period of time after the sale, which may result in sale proceeds related to the sale of loans not being available to make additional investments or to meet the Fund’s redemption obligations until potentially a substantial period after the sale of the loans; and (xiii) loans may be difficult to value and may be illiquid, which may adversely affect an investment in the Fund. The Fund may invest in loans directly or indirectly by investing in shares of another investment company and in either case will be subject to the risks described above.
 
 
counterparty risk: the risk that the Fund will be subject to credit risk with respect to the counterparties to the derivative contracts and other instruments entered into by the Fund; that the Fund’s counterparty will be unable or unwilling to perform its obligations; that the Fund will be unable to enforce contractual remedies if its counterparty defaults; that if a counterparty (or an affiliate of a counterparty) becomes bankrupt, the Fund may experience significant delays in obtaining any recovery or may obtain limited or no recovery in a bankruptcy or other insolvency proceeding. To the extent that the Fund enters into multiple transactions with a single or a small set of counterparties, it will be subject to increased counterparty risk.
 
 
operational and information security risks: an investment in the Fund, like any fund, can involve operational risks arising from factors such as processing errors, human errors, inadequate or failed internal or external processes, failures in
 
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systems and technology, changes in personnel and errors caused by third-party service providers. The occurrence of any of these failures, errors or breaches could result in investment losses to the Fund, a loss of information, regulatory scrutiny, reputational damage or other events, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Fund. While the Fund seeks to minimize such events through controls and oversight, there may still be failures that could cause losses to the Fund.
 
 
ETF related risks:
 
  ¡   
authorized participant concentration risk: as an ETF, the Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis at NAV only in a large specified number of shares called a “Creation Unit.” Only a limited number of institutional investors (known as “Authorized Participants”) are authorized to purchase (or create) and redeem shares directly from the Fund. To the extent that these institutions exit the business or are unable to proceed with creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund and no other Authorized Participant is able to step forward to create or redeem, in either of these cases, Fund shares may trade at a discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting.
 
  ¡   
secondary market trading risk: as an ETF, shares of the Fund trade on an exchange, the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). The Fund faces numerous market trading risks, including the potential lack of an active market for Fund shares, losses from trading in secondary markets, periods of high volatility and disruptions in the creation/redemption process. Any of these factors, among others, may lead to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
absence of active market: although the Fund’s shares are currently listed for trading on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will develop or be maintained by market makers or Authorized Participants. Authorized Participants are not obligated to execute purchase or redemption orders for Creation Units. In periods of market volatility, market makers and/or Authorized Participants may be less willing to transact in Fund shares. The absence of an active market for the Fund’s shares may contribute to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
early close/trading halt/delisting risk: trading in Fund shares may be halted due to market conditions or for other reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in shares of the Fund inadvisable. Additionally, an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses. The Fund must satisfy various standards established by the Exchange in order to ensure that Fund shares can continue to be listed for trading. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met.
 
   
trading in fund shares is subject to expenses: most Fund investors will buy and sell Fund shares on the Exchange or on another secondary market. When buying or selling shares of the Fund, investors typically will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that a buyer is willing to pay for shares (the “bid” price) and the price at which a seller is willing to sell shares (the “ask” price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.”
 
   
fund shares may be sold short: shares of the Fund, similar to shares of other issuers listed on a stock exchange, may be sold short and are therefore subject to the risk of increased volatility and price decreases associated with short selling activity.
 
   
fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV: shares of the Fund trade on the Exchange at prices at, above or below the Fund’s most recent NAV. The NAV of the Fund is calculated at the end of each business day and fluctuates with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The trading price of the Fund’s shares fluctuates continuously throughout trading hours in response to relative supply of and demand for Fund shares on the Exchange and the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings or NAV. As a result, the trading prices of the Fund’s shares may deviate significantly from NAV during periods of market volatility, including during periods of high redemption requests or other unusual market conditions. ANY OF THESE FACTORS, AMONG OTHERS, MAY LEAD TO THE FUND’S SHARES TRADING AT A PREMIUM OR DISCOUNT TO NAV. Disruptions to creations and redemptions, the existence of extreme market volatility or potential lack of an active trading
 
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market for Fund shares may result in shares trading at a significant premium or discount to NAV and/or in a reduced liquidity of a shareholder’s investment. During such periods, shareholders may be unable to sell their shares, may pay significantly more than NAV when buying Fund shares, or may receive significantly less than NAV when selling Fund shares.
 
 
active management risk: the risk that the Fund will fail to meet its investment objective and that the Fund’s investment performance will depend, at least in part, on how its assets are allocated and reallocated among asset classes, sectors, underlying funds and/or investments and that such allocation will focus on asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or investments that perform poorly or underperform other asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or available investments. Any given investment strategy may fail to produce the intended results, and the Fund’s portfolio may underperform other comparable funds because of portfolio management decisions related to, among other things, the selection of investments, portfolio construction, risk assessments, and/or the outlook on market trends and opportunities.
 
 
U.S. government securities risk: the risk that debt securities issued or guaranteed by certain U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities, and sponsored enterprises are not supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, and so investments in their securities or obligations issued by them involve credit risk greater than investments in other types of U.S. government securities.
 
 
limited operating history risk: the Fund has a limited operating history for investors to evaluate. The Fund may not attract sufficient assets to achieve or maximize investment and operational efficiencies and remain viable. If the Fund fails to achieve sufficient scale, it may be liquidated.
 
 
portfolio turnover risk: the risk that frequent purchases and sales of portfolio securities may result in higher Fund expenses and may result in larger distributions of taxable capital gains to investors as compared to a fund that trades less frequently.
 
 
derivatives risk: the risk that an investment in derivatives will not perform as anticipated by the Adviser, may not be available at the time or price desired, cannot be closed out at a favorable time or price, will increase the Fund’s transaction costs, or will increase the Fund’s volatility; that derivatives may create investment leverage; that, when a derivative is used as a substitute for or alternative to a direct cash investment, the transaction may not provide a return that corresponds precisely or at all with that of the cash investment; that the positions may be improperly executed or constructed; that the Fund’s counterparty will be unable or unwilling to perform its obligations; or that, when used for hedging purposes, derivatives will not provide the anticipated protection, causing the Fund to lose money on both the derivatives transaction and the exposure the Fund sought to hedge.
 
 
financial services risk: the risk that an investment in issuers in the financial services sector or transactions with one or more counterparties in the financial services sector may be adversely affected by, among other things: (i) changes in governmental regulation, which may limit both the amounts and the types of loans and other financial commitments financial services companies can make, the interest rates and fees they can charge, the scope of their activities, the prices they can charge and the amount of capital they must maintain; (ii) fluctuations, including as a result of interest rate changes or increased competition, in the availability and cost of capital funds on which the profitability of financial services companies is largely dependent; (iii) deterioration of the credit markets; (iv) credit losses resulting from financial difficulties of borrowers, especially when financial services companies are exposed to non-diversified or concentrated loan portfolios; (v) financial losses associated with investment activities, especially when financial services companies are exposed to financial leverage; (vi) the risk that any financial services company experiences substantial declines in the valuations of its assets, takes action to raise capital, or ceases operations; (vii) the risk that a market shock or other unexpected market, economic, political, regulatory, or other event might lead to a sudden decline in the values of most or all companies in the financial services sector; (viii) events leading to limited liquidity, defaults, non-performance or other adverse developments that affect financial institutions or the financial services industry generally, or concerns or rumors about any events of these kinds or other similar risks, leading to market-wide liquidity problems; and (ix) the interconnectedness or interdependence among financial services companies, including the risk that the financial distress or failure of one financial services company may materially and adversely affect a number of other financial services companies.
 
 
leveraging risk: the risk that certain investments by the Fund involving leverage may have the effect of increasing the volatility of the value of the Fund’s portfolio, and the risk of loss in excess of invested capital.
 
 
non-diversification risk: the risk that, because a relatively higher percentage of the Fund’s assets may be invested in a limited number of issuers, the Fund may be more susceptible to any single economic, political, or regulatory occurrence
 
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than a diversified fund investing in a broader range of issuers. A decline in the market value of one of the Fund’s investments may affect the Fund’s value more than if the Fund were a diversified fund. However, the Fund intends to satisfy the asset diversification requirements for qualification as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
 
 
restricted securities risk: the risk that the Fund may be prevented or limited by law or the terms of an agreement from selling a security (a “restricted security”). To the extent that the Fund is permitted to sell a restricted security, there can be no assurance that a trading market will exist at any particular time, and the Fund may be unable to dispose of the security promptly at reasonable prices or at all. The Fund may have to bear the expense of registering the securities for resale and the risk of substantial delays in effecting the registration. Also, restricted securities may be difficult to value because market quotations may not be readily available, and the values of restricted securities may have significant volatility.
 
 
large shareholder risk: the risk that certain account holders, including the Adviser or funds or accounts over which the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser) has investment discretion, may from time to time own or control a significant percentage of the Fund’s shares. The Fund is subject to the risk that a redemption by those shareholders of all or a portion of their Fund shares, including as a result of an asset allocation decision made by the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser), will adversely affect the Fund’s performance if it is forced to sell portfolio securities or invest cash when the Adviser would not otherwise choose to do so. Redemptions of a large number of shares may affect the liquidity of the Fund’s portfolio, increase the Fund’s transaction costs, and accelerate the realization of taxable income and/or gains to shareholders. Shareholder redemptions can only be effected in Creation Units.
 
 
investment company and exchange-traded fund risk: the risk that an investment company or other pooled investment vehicle, including any ETFs or money market funds, in which the Fund invests will not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategies effectively or that significant purchase or redemption activity by shareholders of such an investment company might negatively affect the value of its shares. The Fund must pay its pro rata portion of an investment company’s fees and expenses. To the extent the Adviser determines to invest Fund assets in other investment companies, the Adviser will have an incentive to invest in other investment vehicles sponsored or advised by the Adviser or a related party of the Adviser over investment companies sponsored or managed by others and to maintain such investments once made due to its own financial interest in those products and other business considerations.
Please see “Additional Information About Principal Investment Strategies and Principal Risks — Principal Risks” for a more detailed description of the principal risks of investing in the Fund.
Performance
Performance information for the Fund is not included because the Fund has not had one full calendar year of performance. Financial information for the Fund for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023 is available in the Financial Highlights section of the Prospectus. Information on the Fund’s investment results, including its NAV per share, can be obtained at no charge by calling (855) 937-0772 or by visiting the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
Investment Adviser
DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP is the investment adviser to the Fund.
Portfolio Managers
The portfolio managers for the Fund are:
 
Name   
Experience with
the Fund
  
Primary Title with the
Investment Adviser
Jeffrey E. Gundlach    Since the Fund’s inception in 2023    Portfolio Manager
Vitaliy Liberman    Since the Fund’s inception in 2023    Portfolio Manager
Ken Shinoda    Since the Fund’s inception in 2023    Portfolio Manager
 
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Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
Individual Fund shares may only be bought and sold in the secondary market through a broker or dealer at a market price. Because ETF shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). An investor may incur costs attributable to the difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay to purchase shares of the Fund (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for shares of the Fund (ask) when buying or selling shares in the secondary market (the “bid/ask spread”). Information on the Fund’s NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, will be available on the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or individual retirement account. If you invest through such tax-advantaged arrangements, you may be taxed later upon withdrawal from those arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund, the Fund’s Adviser, and the Fund’s distributor or any of their affiliates may pay the financial intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your individual salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
 
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Fund Summary
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF (CAPE)
Investment Objective
The Fund’s investment objective is to seek total return which exceeds the total return of the S&P 500® Index.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. The investment advisory agreement between DoubleLine ETF Trust and DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP (the “Adviser”), the Fund’s adviser provides that the Adviser will pay all operating expenses of the Fund, except the management fees, interest expenses, dividends and other expenses on securities sold short, taxes, expenses incurred with respect to the acquisition and disposition of portfolio securities and the execution of portfolio transactions, including brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, accrued deferred tax liabilities, distribution fees or expenses, and any extraordinary expenses (such as litigation). You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the fee table or example below.
 
Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)    None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
 
Management Fees      0.65%  
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees      None  
Other Expenses      0.00%  
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses      0.65%  
Example
This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds.
This example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then sell all your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions, your costs would be:
 
1 Year    $66
3 Years    $208
5 Years    $362
10 Years    $810
Portfolio Turnover
The Fund incurs transaction costs when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 217% of the average value of its portfolio.
Principal Investment Strategies
Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets in U.S. equity securities, including exchange-traded investment companies that provide exposure to U.S. equity securities, subject to the limitations described below. This investment policy may be changed by the Fund upon 60 days’ prior written notice to shareholders. Under normal market conditions, the Fund invests its assets in securities that are listed on a national securities exchange registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and that trade contemporaneously with the Fund’s shares. The Fund may invest in equity securities of companies of any market capitalization other than penny stocks.
 
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An issuer is considered to be a U.S. equity issuer if: (i) its principal place of business is located in the United States; (ii) at least 50% of its assets are located in the United States and/or (iii) it derives at least 50% of its revenues from the United States.
The Shiller Barclays CAPE® US Sector TR USD Index. In seeking to achieve the Fund’s investment objective, when making investment decisions for the Fund, the Adviser considers the underlying constituents of the Shiller Barclays CAPE® US Sector TR USD Index (the “Index”), but the Fund is not limited in its ability to invest in companies other than those underlying the Index. The Index incorporates the principles of long-term investing distilled by Dr. Robert Shiller and expressed through the CAPE® (Cyclically Adjusted Price Earnings) ratio (the “CAPE® Ratio”). The classic CAPE® Ratio assesses equity market valuations and averages ten years of inflation-adjusted earnings to account for earnings and market cycles. By contrast, traditional valuation measures, such as the price-earnings (PE) ratio, typically rely on earnings information from only the past year. The Index uses a relative version of the classic CAPE® Ratio to identify undervalued sectors while also seeking to exclude a sector that may appear undervalued, but which may have also had recent relative price underperformance due to fundamental issues with the sector that may negatively affect the sector’s long-term total return. There can be no assurance that the Index will provide a better measure of value than more traditional measures, over any period or over the long term.
The Index’s composition is determined monthly. Each month, the Index’s methodology ranks eleven US sectors based on a modified CAPE® Ratio (a “value” factor) and a twelve-month price momentum factor (a “momentum” factor). Each US sector is represented by a sector ETF that tracks a sector index, which is an ETF in the family of Select Sector SPDR Funds or, in the case of the real estate sector, the iShares Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Index Fund. The Index methodology selects the five US sectors with the lowest modified CAPE® Ratio — the sectors that are the most undervalued according to the CAPE® Ratio. Only four of these five sectors, however, end up in the Index for a given month, as the sector with the worst 12-month price momentum (“total return”) among the five selected sectors is eliminated. The Index methodology allocates an equally weighted long (i.e., investment) exposure to the four remaining US sectors. As of the date of this Prospectus, the eleven sectors that may be selected by the Index methodology include Communication Services, Consumer Discretionary, Consumer Staples, Energy, Financials, Health Care, Industrials, Materials, Technology, Utilities and Real Estate. The Select Sector SPDR Funds are typically comprised of issuers represented in the S&P 500® Index. The Index is rebalanced on a monthly basis.
Through the Fund’s investments related to the Index, the Fund will have focused exposures to the sectors making up the Index at any given time. As a result, the Fund’s net asset value may be affected to a greater degree by factors affecting those sectors or industries than a fund that invests more broadly. Because the Fund is actively managed, the Adviser has the discretion to invest in securities not included in the Index and may over or underweight a particular sector as it deems appropriate in seeking the Fund’s investment objective.
The Adviser will seek investment exposure to the sectors comprising the Index by investing directly in some or all of the securities that are included in those sectors. Although the Fund seeks to create an investment return that approximates that of the Index and the Fund will, at all times during normal market conditions, have investment exposure to issuers underlying the Index, the Fund does not seek to track or replicate the Index. The Adviser or the Fund’s Board may in their sole discretion, after providing any required notice to shareholders, select, in place of the Index, another index (such as the S&P 500® Index) or a basket of reference investments. The Fund may gain exposure to any substitute index or basket of investments in any manner the Adviser determines appropriate, including those described above with respect to how the Fund may obtain exposure to the Index.
Subject to the applicable limitations described below, the Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other exchange-traded investment companies, including listed closed-end investment companies, ETFs and government money market funds, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund operates in reliance on an exemptive order from the SEC (the “Order”), which limits the types of investments the Fund may hold to those listed in the Fund’s application for the Order. Under the terms of the Order, the Fund is permitted to invest only in exchange-traded funds, exchange-traded notes, exchange listed common stocks, exchange-traded preferred stocks, exchange-traded American Depositary Receipts, exchange-traded real estate investment trusts, exchange-traded commodity pools, exchange-traded metal trusts, exchange-traded currency trusts and exchange-traded futures that trade on a U.S. exchange contemporaneously with the Fund’s shares, as well as cash and cash equivalents (which are short-term U.S.
 
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Treasury securities, government money market funds, and repurchase agreements). The Fund will not buy securities that are illiquid investments (as defined in rule 22e-4(a)(8) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”)) at the time of purchase. The Fund may, however, hold an illiquid investment if it becomes illiquid after purchase. The Fund’s investment strategies and practices, including those listed above, are subject to these limitations.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the 1940 Act and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The value of the Fund’s shares will vary as its portfolio investments increase or decrease in value. Therefore, the value of your investment in the Fund could go down as well as up. You can lose money by investing in the Fund. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
The principal risks affecting the Fund that can cause a decline in value are:
 
 
equity issuer risk: the risk that the market price of common stocks and other equity securities may go up or down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, including due to factors affecting equity securities markets generally, particular industries represented in those markets, or the issuer itself.
 
 
market risk: the risk that markets will perform poorly or that the returns from the securities in which the Fund invests will underperform returns from the general securities markets or other types of investments. Markets may, in response to governmental actions or intervention or general market conditions, including real or perceived adverse political, economic or market conditions, tariffs and trade disruptions, inflation, recession, changes in interest or currency rates, lack of liquidity in the bond markets or adverse investor sentiment, or other external factors, experience periods of high volatility and reduced liquidity. During those periods, the Fund may experience high levels of shareholder redemptions, which may only occur in Creation Units (as defined below). To satisfy such redemptions, the Fund may have to sell securities at times when the Fund would otherwise not do so, and potentially at unfavorable prices. Certain securities may be difficult to value during such periods. Market risk involves the risk that the value of the Fund’s investment portfolio will change, potentially frequently and in large amounts, as the prices of its investments go up or down. During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for some or all of the Fund’s investments may become highly illiquid. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. Please see “debt securities risks – interest rate risk” herein for more information.
 
 
market capitalization risk: the risk that investing substantially in issuers in one market capitalization category (large, medium or small) may adversely affect the Fund because of unfavorable market conditions particular to that category of issuers, such as larger, more established companies being unable to respond quickly to new competitive challenges or attain the high growth rates of successful smaller companies, or, conversely, stocks of smaller companies being more volatile than those of larger companies due to, among other things, narrower product lines, more limited financial resources, fewer experienced managers and there typically being less publicly available information about small capitalization companies.
 
 
securities or sector selection risk: the risk that the securities held by the Fund will underperform securities held in other funds investing in similar asset classes or comparable benchmarks because of the portfolio managers’ choice of securities or sectors for investment. To the extent the Fund allocates a higher percentage of its investment portfolio to a particular sector or related sectors, the Fund will be more susceptible to events or factors affecting companies in that sector or related sectors. For example, the values of securities of companies in the same or related sectors may be negatively affected by the common characteristics they share, the common business risks to which they are subject, common regulatory burdens, or regulatory changes that affect them similarly. Such characteristics, risks, burdens or changes include, but are not limited to, changes in governmental regulation, inflation or deflation, rising or falling interest rates, competition from new entrants, and other economic, market, political or other developments specific to that sector or related sectors.
 
 
ActiveShares® non-transparent structure/ETF-related risks: the Fund is an ETF that is subject to the risks described below. Additionally, because the ETF utilizes the ActiveShares® non-transparent ETF structure, it is subject to additional or enhanced ETF-related risks. Unlike most actively managed ETFs, the Fund does not provide daily disclosure of its
 
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portfolio holdings. Instead, the Fund provides a verified intraday indicative value (“VIIV”), calculated and disseminated every second throughout the trading day. The VIIV is intended to provide investors with an intraday highly-correlated per share value of the Fund that can be compared to the current market price. The VIIV is designed to provide sufficient information to allow for an effective arbitrage mechanism that will keep the market price of the Fund’s shares trading at or close to the underlying net asset value (“NAV”) per share of the Fund. Shares traded on an intraday basis on an exchange, however, will not have a fixed relationship to the previous day’s or the current day’s NAV. There is, however, a risk, which may increase during periods of market disruption or volatility, that market prices will vary significantly from the underlying NAV of the Fund. Similarly, because the Fund’s shares trade with reference to a published VIIV, they may trade at a wider bid/ask spread when compared to shares of ETFs that publish their portfolios on a daily basis, especially during periods of market disruption or volatility, and therefore, may cost investors more to trade. Although the Fund seeks to benefit from keeping its portfolio information secret, some market participants may attempt to use information, including the VIIV, to identify the Fund’s trading strategy and the securities held by the Fund, which if successful, could result in such market participants engaging in certain predatory trading practices that may have the potential to harm the Fund and its shareholders. In the event of a system failure or other interruption, including disruptions involving a limited number of institutional investors (known as “Authorized Participants”), unaffiliated broker-dealers with which such Authorized Participant has signed an agreement to establish a confidential account for the benefit of such Authorized Participant (an “AP Representative”), or market makers, orders to create or redeem Creation Units (as defined below) either may not be executed according to an Authorized Participant’s instructions or may not be executed at all, or an Authorized Participant may not be able to place or change orders. If such an event were to occur, the Fund’s shares may trade in the secondary market at a greater premium or discount to the Fund’s NAV, and investors may pay a greater bid/ask spread to purchase or sell the Fund’s shares. In addition to risks related to operation of ETFs, the use of this structure exposes the Fund and Fund shareholders to additional risks.
 
  ¡   
Authorized Participant and AP Representative concentration risk: As an ETF, the Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis at NAV only in a large specified number of shares called a “Creation Unit.” Only Authorized Participants are authorized to purchase (or create) and redeem shares directly from the Fund. Each of the Fund’s Authorized Participants will engage in all creation and redemption activity through an AP Representative. The AP Representative will deliver or receive, on behalf of the Authorized Participant, all consideration to or from the Fund in a creation or redemption. AP Representatives have knowledge of the composition of the Fund’s portfolio holdings, and are restricted from disclosing such composition, including to the Authorized Participants. As a result of the Fund’s use of the ActiveShares® structure for non-transparent ETFs, there may be a more limited number of institutions that are willing to act as Authorized Participants or as AP Representatives. During times of market stress, Authorized Participants may be more likely to step away from a non-transparent ETF than a traditional ETF. To the extent these institutions exit the business or are unable to proceed with creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund, or are unavailable to purchase and sell securities in connection with creation and/or redemption orders, as applicable, and no other Authorized Participant or AP Representative agrees to create or redeem, or purchase or sell securities, as applicable, the arbitrage mechanism for keeping the market price of Fund shares trading at or close to the Fund’s per share NAV may be impaired, and Fund shares may trade at a premium or discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting. These risks may be more pronounced in volatile markets, particularly where there are significant redemptions in ETFs generally.
 
  ¡   
secondary market trading risk: as an ETF, shares of the Fund trade on an exchange, the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). The Fund faces numerous market trading risks, including the potential lack of an active market for Fund shares, losses from trading in secondary markets, periods of high volatility and disruptions in the creation/redemption process. Any of these factors, among others, may lead to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
absence of an active market: although the Fund’s shares are currently listed for trading on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will develop or be maintained by market makers or Authorized Participants. Authorized Participants are not obligated to execute purchase or redemption orders for Creation Units. In periods of market volatility, market makers and/or Authorized Participants may be less willing to transact in Fund shares. The absence of an active market for the Fund’s shares may contribute to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
early close/trading halt/delisting risk: trading in Fund shares may be halted due to market conditions or for other reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in shares of the Fund inadvisable. Additionally, an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its
 
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portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses. If at any time securities representing 10% or more of the Fund’s portfolio become subject to a trading halt or otherwise do not have readily available market quotations, the Fund will request that the Exchange halt trading of the Fund’s shares. Further, if there is a discrepancy of sufficient magnitude between the value of the Fund’s portfolio securities as calculated by the Fund’s two calculation engines for VIIV purposes, the Exchange will have the ability to halt trading of the Fund’s shares. During such trading halts, although the primary VIIV would continue to be calculated and disseminated, investors in the Fund’s shares will not be able to freely trade their shares. Additionally, the Fund must satisfy various other standards established by the Exchange in order to ensure that Fund shares can continue to be listed for trading. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met.
 
   
trading in fund shares is subject to expenses: most Fund investors will buy and sell Fund shares on the Exchange or on another secondary market. When buying or selling shares of the Fund, investors typically will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that a buyer is willing to pay for shares (the “bid” price) and the price at which a seller is willing to sell shares (the “ask” price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.”
 
   
fund shares may be sold short: Shares of the Fund, similar to shares of other issuers listed on a stock exchange, may be sold short and are therefore subject to the risk of increased volatility and price decreases associated with short selling activity.
 
   
fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV: shares of the Fund trade on the Exchange at prices at, above or below the Fund’s most recent NAV. The NAV of the Fund is calculated at the end of each business day and fluctuates with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The trading price of the Fund’s shares will fluctuate, in some cases materially, throughout trading hours in response to changes in the Fund’s VIIV, the relative supply of and demand for Fund shares on the Exchange and the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings or NAV. As a result, the trading prices of the Fund’s shares may deviate significantly from NAV during periods of market volatility, including during periods of high redemption requests or other unusual market conditions. ANY OF THESE FACTORS, AMONG OTHERS, MAY LEAD TO THE FUND’S SHARES TRADING AT A PREMIUM OR DISCOUNT TO NAV. This risk may be greater for the Fund than for traditional ETFs that disclose their full portfolio holdings on a daily basis. Disruptions to creations and redemptions, the existence of extreme market volatility or potential lack of an active trading market for Fund shares may result in shares trading at a significant premium or discount to NAV and/or in a reduced liquidity of a shareholder’s investment. During such periods, shareholders may be unable to sell their shares, may pay significantly more than NAV when buying Fund shares, or may receive significantly less than NAV when selling Fund shares.
 
  ¡   
portfolio security trading risk: an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain portfolio securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to engage in Fund portfolio transactions to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to have its investments accurately priced for purposes of determining its VIIV, and may have difficulty calculating its NAV. These events may result in losses to shareholders. Any extended trading halt in a portfolio security may exacerbate discrepancies between the VIIV and the underlying NAV of the Fund. If a portfolio security does not have readily available market quotations, e.g., if subject to an extended trading halt, that fact, along with the identity and weighting of that security in the Fund’s VIIV calculation, will be publicly disclosed on the Fund’s website. Trading halts of portfolio securities may have a greater impact on the Fund, as compared with traditional ETFs, due to less frequent dissemination of the Fund’s portfolio holdings.
 
 
operational and information security risks: an investment in the Fund, like any fund, can involve operational risks arising from factors such as processing errors, human errors, inadequate or failed internal or external processes, failures in systems and technology, changes in personnel and errors caused by third-party service providers. The occurrence of any of these failures, errors or breaches could result in investment losses to the Fund, a loss of information, regulatory scrutiny, reputational damage or other events, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Fund. While the Fund seeks to minimize such events through controls and oversight, there may still be failures that could cause losses to the Fund.
 
 
active management risk: the risk that the Fund will fail to meet its investment objective and that the Fund’s investment performance will depend, at least in part, on how its assets are allocated and reallocated among asset classes, sectors,
 
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underlying funds and/or investments and that such allocation will focus on asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or investments that perform poorly or underperform other asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or available investments. Any given investment strategy may fail to produce the intended results, and the Fund’s portfolio may underperform other comparable funds because of portfolio management decisions related to, among other things, the selection of investments, portfolio construction, risk assessments, and/or the outlook on market trends and opportunities.
 
 
portfolio turnover risk: the risk that frequent purchases and sales of portfolio securities may result in higher Fund expenses and may result in larger distributions of taxable capital gains to investors as compared to a fund that trades less frequently.
 
 
index risk: although the Adviser has licensed from the Index’s sponsor the right to use the Index as part of implementing the Fund’s principal investment strategies, there can be no guarantee that the Index will be maintained indefinitely or that the Fund will be able to continue to utilize the Index to implement the Fund’s principal investment strategies indefinitely. If the sponsor of the Index ceases to maintain the Index, the Fund no longer has the ability to utilize the Index to implement its principal investment strategies, or other circumstances exist that the Adviser or the Fund’s Board of Trustees concludes substantially limit the Fund’s ability to create cost-effective synthetic investment exposure to the Index, the Adviser or the Fund’s Board of Trustees may substitute the Index with another index that it chooses in its sole discretion. There can be no assurance that any substitute index so selected will be similar to the Index or will perform in a manner similar to the Index. Unavailability of the Index could affect adversely the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objective.
 
 
liquidity risk: the risk that the Fund may be unable to sell a portfolio investment at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment. Illiquidity may be the result of, for example, low trading volume, lack of a market maker, or contractual or legal restrictions that limit or prevent the Fund from selling securities or closing derivative positions. During periods of substantial market disruption, a large portion of the Fund’s assets could potentially experience significant levels of illiquidity. The values of illiquid investments are often more volatile than the values of more liquid investments. It may be more difficult for the Fund to determine a fair value of an illiquid investment than that of a more liquid comparable investment.
 
 
valuation risk: the risk that the Fund will not value its investments in a manner that accurately reflects their market values or that the Fund will not be able to sell any investment at a price equal to the valuation ascribed to that investment for purposes of calculating the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”). The valuation of the Fund’s investments involves subjective judgment. Certain securities in which the Fund may invest may be more difficult to value accurately, especially during periods of market disruptions or extreme market volatility. Incorrect valuations of the Fund’s portfolio holdings could result in the Fund’s shareholder transactions being effected at an NAV that does not accurately reflect the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio, resulting in the dilution of shareholder interests.
 
 
financial services risk: the risk that an investment in issuers in the financial services sector or transactions with one or more counterparties in the financial services sector may be adversely affected by, among other things: (i) changes in governmental regulation, which may limit both the amounts and the types of loans and other financial commitments financial services companies can make, the interest rates and fees they can charge, the scope of their activities, the prices they can charge and the amount of capital they must maintain; (ii) fluctuations, including as a result of interest rate changes or increased competition, in the availability and cost of capital funds on which the profitability of financial services companies is largely dependent; (iii) deterioration of the credit markets; (iv) credit losses resulting from financial difficulties of borrowers, especially when financial services companies are exposed to non-diversified or concentrated loan portfolios; (v) financial losses associated with investment activities, especially when financial services companies are exposed to financial leverage; (vi) the risk that any financial services company experiences substantial declines in the valuations of its assets, takes action to raise capital, or ceases operations; (vii) the risk that a market shock or other unexpected market, economic, political, regulatory, or other event might lead to a sudden decline in the values of most or all companies in the financial services sector; (viii) events leading to limited liquidity, defaults, non-performance or other adverse developments that affect financial institutions or the financial services industry generally, or concerns or rumors about any events of these kinds or other similar risks, leading to market-wide liquidity problems; and (ix) the interconnectedness or interdependence among financial services companies, including the risk that the financial distress or failure of one financial services company may materially and adversely affect a number of other financial services companies.
 
 
real estate sector risk: the risk that real estate-related investments may decline in value as a result of factors affecting the real estate sector, such as the supply of real property in certain markets, changes in zoning laws, delays in completion of construction, changes in real estate values, changes in property taxes, levels of occupancy, and local, regional, and general market conditions.
 
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limited operating history risk: the Fund has a limited operating history for investors to evaluate. The Fund may not attract sufficient assets to achieve or maximize investment and operational efficiencies and remain viable. If the Fund fails to achieve sufficient scale, it may be liquidated.
 
 
non-diversification risk: the risk that, because a relatively higher percentage of the Fund’s assets may be invested in a limited number of issuers, the Fund may be more susceptible to any single economic, political, or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund investing in a broader range of issuers. A decline in the market value of one of the Fund’s investments may affect the Fund’s value more than if the Fund were a diversified fund. However, the Fund intends to satisfy the asset diversification requirements for qualification as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
 
 
large shareholder risk: the risk that certain account holders, including the Adviser or funds or accounts over which the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser) has investment discretion, may from time to time own or control a significant percentage of the Fund’s shares. The Fund is subject to the risk that a redemption by those shareholders of all or a portion of their Fund shares, including as a result of an asset allocation decision made by the Adviser (or related parties of the Adviser), will adversely affect the Fund’s performance if it is forced to sell portfolio securities or invest cash when the Adviser would not otherwise choose to do so. Redemptions of a large number of shares may affect the liquidity of the Fund’s portfolio, increase the Fund’s transaction costs, and accelerate the realization of taxable income and/or gains to shareholders. Shareholder redemptions can only be effected in Creation units of the Fund.
 
 
investment company and exchange-traded fund risk: the risk that an investment company or other pooled investment vehicle, including any ETFs or money market funds, in which the Fund invests will not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategies effectively or that significant purchase or redemption activity by shareholders of such an investment company might negatively affect the value of its shares. The Fund must pay its pro rata portion of an investment company’s fees and expenses. To the extent the Adviser determines to invest Fund assets in other investment companies, the Adviser will have an incentive to invest in other investment vehicles sponsored or advised by the Adviser or a related party of the Adviser over investment companies sponsored or managed by others and to maintain such investments once made due to its own financial interest in those products and other business considerations.
Please see “Additional Information About Principal Investment Strategies and Principal Risks — Principal Risks” for a more detailed description of the principal risks of investing in the Fund.
Performance
The following performance information provides some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund. The bar chart shows the performance of the Fund’s shares for each full calendar year since the Fund’s inception. The table below shows how the average annual total returns of the Fund’s shares for the periods shown compare to those of a broad-based securities market index. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Updated information on the Fund’s investment results can be obtained at no charge by calling (855) 937-0772 or by visiting the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com.
 
LOGO
 
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During the periods shown above, the highest and lowest quarterly returns earned by the Fund’s shares were:
 
Highest:      12.54%      Quarter ended: 12/31/2023
Lowest:      -2.88%      Quarter ended: 9/30/2023
The year-to-date total return for the Fund as of December 31, 2023 was 27.73%.
Average Annual Total Returns (for the periods ended December 31, 2023)
 
      One Year      Since Inception
(March 31, 2022)
 
Return Before Taxes
     27.73%        4.49%  
Return After Taxes on Distributions
     27.39%        4.18%  
Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Shares
     16.60%        3.36%  
S&P 500® Index
(reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
     26.29%        4.71%  
The Fund’s after-tax returns as shown in the above table are calculated using the historical highest applicable individual federal marginal income tax rates for the period and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Your actual after-tax returns depend on your tax situation and may differ from those shown. If you own shares of the Fund in a tax-advantaged account, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account, after-tax returns shown are not relevant to your investment. The “Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Fund Shares” may be higher than other return figures because when a capital loss occurs upon the redemption of shares of the Fund, a tax deduction is provided that may benefit the investor. The S&P 500® Index is an unmanaged capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.
Investment Adviser
DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP is the investment adviser to the Fund.
Portfolio Managers
The portfolio managers for the Fund are:
 
Name   
Experience with
the Fund
  
Primary Title with the
Investment Adviser
Jeffrey E. Gundlach    Since the Fund’s inception in 2022    Portfolio Manager
Jeffrey J. Sherman    Since the Fund’s inception in 2022    President & Portfolio Manager
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
Individual Fund shares may only be bought and sold in the secondary market through a broker or dealer at a market price. Because ETF shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). An investor may incur costs attributable to the difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay to purchase shares of the Fund (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for shares of the Fund (ask) when buying or selling shares in the secondary market (the “bid/ask spread”). Information on the Fund’s NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, is available on the Fund’s website at www.doubleline.com. The Fund’s website also contains information regarding how to access the Fund’s VIIV.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, qualified dividend income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or individual retirement account. If you invest through such tax-advantaged arrangements, you may be taxed later upon withdrawal from those arrangements.
 
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Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund, the Fund’s Adviser, and the Fund’s distributor or any of their affiliates may pay the financial intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your individual salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
 
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Additional Information About
Principal Investment Strategies and Principal Risks
Investment Objectives
Each Fund’s investment objective described in its respective Fund Summary section is non-fundamental, which means each Fund may change its investment objective without shareholder approval or prior notice.
Principal Investment Strategies
References to the “Adviser” below in the discussion of a Fund’s principal investment strategies or principal risks shall refer to such Fund’s investment adviser, which is DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP.
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF
The Fund is an exchange-traded fund (an “ETF”). Under normal circumstances, the Fund intends to invest at least 80% of its net assets, plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes, in fixed income instruments or other investments with economic characteristics similar to fixed income instruments. These investments include securities issued or guaranteed by the United States Government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations; corporate obligations; agency and non-agency mortgage-backed securities of any kind, including commercial and residential mortgage-backed securities; asset-backed securities; securitized investments such as collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”), including collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”); inflation indexed bonds; covenant-lite loans; foreign fixed income securities (corporate and government, including foreign hybrid securities); emerging market fixed income securities (corporate and government); fixed income securities offered through private placements; and fixed and floating rate debt instruments of any kind (including, among others, bank loans, assignments, participations, subordinated loans, debtor-in-possession loans, exit facilities, delayed funding loans and revolving credit facilities). The Fund’s investments may be issued in any currency and may bear fixed or variable interest rates of any maturity. The market value of derivatives that have economic characteristics similar to the investments included in the Fund’s 80% investment policy will be counted for purposes of such policy. When determining compliance with its 80% investment policy, the Fund will consider the underlying investments of any investment companies in which it invests, to the extent practicable. If the Fund changes its 80% investment policy, it will notify shareholders at least 60 days in advance of the change.
Debtor-in-possession loans represent an interest in a senior loan extended to companies that have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy so that they can continue to do business. Debtor-in-possession loans may be “rolled” into exit facilities, which are debt investments that provide financing to companies to allow them to emerge from bankruptcy. Exit facilities may be secured by a senior loan, in which the Fund may invest. Delayed funding loans and revolving credit facilities are borrowing arrangements in which the lender agrees to make loans up to a maximum amount upon demand by the borrower during a specified term. A revolving credit facility differs from a delayed funding loan in that as the borrower repays the loan, an amount equal to the repayment may be borrowed again during the term of the revolving credit facility.
The Fund may invest in fixed income instruments of any credit quality, including those that are at the time of investment unrated or rated BB+ or lower by S&P Global Ratings (“S&P”) or Ba1 or lower by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) or the equivalent by any other nationally recognized statistical rating organization. Corporate bonds and certain other fixed income instruments rated below investment grade, or such instruments that are unrated and determined by the Adviser to be of comparable quality, are high yield, high risk bonds, commonly known as “junk bonds”. The Fund may invest up to 50% of its net assets in junk bonds, bank loans and assignments rated below investment grade or unrated but determined by the Adviser to be of comparable quality. The Adviser does not consider the term “junk bonds” to include any mortgage-backed securities or any other asset-backed securities, regardless of their credit rating or credit quality. The Fund may invest without limit in below investment grade mortgage-backed securities and other asset-backed securities.
The Fund may invest up to 5% of its net assets in defaulted corporate securities. The Fund might do so, for example, where the portfolio managers believe the restructured enterprise valuations or liquidation valuations may exceed current market values. The Fund may invest a portion of its assets in inverse floaters and interest-only and principal-only securities.
The Fund may also invest a portion of its assets in fixed income instruments (including hybrid securities) issued or guaranteed by companies, financial institutions and government entities in emerging market countries. A hybrid security is a security that combines two or more securities that are comprised of two components: an income-producing debt security and the right to receive payment based on the change in the price of an equity security. An “emerging market country” is a country that, at the time the Fund invests in the related fixed income instruments, is classified as an emerging or developing economy by any supranational organization such as an institution in the World Bank Group or the United Nations, or an agency thereof, or is considered an emerging market country for purposes of constructing a major emerging market securities index.
 
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The Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other investment companies, including other open-end or closed-end investment companies and ETFs, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund. The amount of the Fund’s investment in certain investment companies may be limited by law or by tax considerations.
In managing the Fund’s portfolio, the portfolio managers typically use a controlled risk approach. The techniques of this approach attempt to control the principal risk components of the fixed income markets and may include, among other factors, consideration of the Adviser’s view of the following: the potential relative performance of various market sectors, security selection available within a given sector, the risk/reward equation for different asset classes, liquidity conditions in various market sectors, the shape of the yield curve and projections for changes in the yield curve, potential fluctuations in the overall level of interest rates, and current fiscal policy.
The portfolio managers utilize active asset allocation in managing the Fund’s investments and have significant latitude to invest across fixed income sectors with varying weightings.
The Adviser monitors the duration of the Fund’s portfolio securities to seek to assess and, in its discretion, adjust the Fund’s exposure to interest rate risk. In managing the Fund’s investments, under normal market conditions, the portfolio managers intend to seek to construct an investment portfolio with a dollar-weighted average effective duration of no less than two years and no more than eight years. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a fixed income instrument that is used to determine the sensitivity of a security’s price to changes in interest rates. Effective duration is a measure of the Fund’s portfolio duration adjusted for the anticipated effect of interest rate changes on bond and mortgage prepayment rates as determined by the Adviser. The effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio may vary materially from its target range, from time to time, and there is no assurance that the effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio will always be within its target range.
The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions and other instruments of any kind for hedging purposes or otherwise to gain, or reduce, exposure to one or more asset classes or issuers. When seeking to effect or create investment leverage, the Fund typically will use derivatives transactions. The Fund may use futures contracts and options on futures contracts, in order to gain efficient investment exposures as an alternative to cash investments or to hedge against portfolio exposures; interest rate swaps, to gain indirect exposures to interest rates, issuers, or currencies, or to hedge against portfolio exposures; put and call options, and exchange-traded and structured notes, to take indirect positions on indexes, securities, currencies, or other indicators of value, or to hedge against portfolio exposures.
Additionally, the Fund may purchase or sell securities on a when-issued, delayed delivery or forward commitment basis, including United States agency mortgage-backed securities that forward-settle (e.g., To Be Announced” Securities). The Fund may seek to obtain market exposure to the securities in which it primarily invests by entering into a series of purchase and sale contracts or by using other investment techniques (such as buy backs or dollar rolls), which may create investment leverage.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities, when the portfolio managers perceive deterioration in the credit fundamentals of the issuer, or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The Fund’s principal risks are listed below. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
 
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It is possible to lose money on an investment in the Fund. Among the principal risks of investing in the Fund, which could adversely affect its NAV, yield, and total return are the following:
 
  Active Management Risk
  Asset-Backed Securities Investment Risk
  Collateralized Debt Obligations Risk
  Counterparty Risk
  Debt Securities Risks
  Defaulted Securities Risk
  Derivatives Risk
  Emerging Market Country Risk
  ETF Related Risks
  Financial Services Risk
  Foreign Currency Risk
  Foreign Investing Risk
  High Yield Risk
  Inflation-Indexed Bond Risk
  Investment Company and Exchange-Traded Fund Risk
  Large Shareholder Risk
  Leveraging Risk
  Limited Operating History Risk
  Liquidity Risk
  Loan Risk
  Market Risk
  Mortgage-Backed Securities Risk
  Non-Diversification Risk
  Operational and Information Security Risk
  Portfolio Turnover Risk
  Real Estate Sector Risk
  Restricted Securities Risk
  Securities or Sector Selection Risk
  Structured Products and Structured Notes Risk
  U.S. Government Securities Risk
  Valuation Risk
 
Please see the section titled “Principal Risks” below for more information regarding these risks.
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF
The Fund is an actively managed ETF. Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets, plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes, in commercial real estate instruments or other investments with economic characteristics similar to commercial real estate instruments, such as derivative instruments (including credit default swaps). These investments include agency and non-agency commercial mortgage-backed securities, commercial real estate CLOs, REMICs and Re-REMICs, and single asset, single borrower loans.
The Fund may also invest in securities issued or guaranteed by the United States Government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations, as well as cash and cash equivalents.
The Fund’s investments may bear fixed or variable interest rates of any maturity. The market value of derivatives that have economic characteristics similar to the investments included in the Fund’s 80% investment policy will be counted for purposes of such policy. If the Fund changes its 80% investment policy, it will notify shareholders at least 60 days in advance of the change.
The Fund expects to invest primarily in instruments rated, at the time of purchase, A- to AAA by S&P or the equivalent by any other nationally recognized statistical rating organization.
The Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other registered investment companies, including other open-end or closed-end investment companies and ETFs, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund. The amount of the Fund’s investment in certain investment companies may be limited by law or by tax considerations. When determining compliance with its 80% investment policy, the Fund will consider the underlying investments of any investment companies in which it invests, to the extent practicable.
In managing the Fund’s portfolio, the portfolio managers typically use a controlled risk approach. The techniques of this approach attempt to control the principal risk components of the fixed income markets and may include, among other factors, consideration of the Adviser’s view of the following: the potential relative performance of various market sectors, security selection available within a given sector, the risk/reward equation for different asset classes, liquidity conditions in various market sectors, the shape of the yield curve and projections for changes in the yield curve, potential fluctuations in the overall level of interest rates, and current fiscal policy.
The portfolio managers utilize active asset allocation in managing the Fund’s investments and have significant latitude to invest across fixed income sectors with varying weightings.
The Adviser monitors the duration of the Fund’s portfolio securities to seek to assess and, in its discretion, adjust the Fund’s exposure to interest rate risk. In managing the Fund’s investments, under normal market conditions, the portfolio managers intend to seek to construct an investment portfolio with a dollar-weighted average effective duration of three years or less. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a fixed income instrument that is used to determine the sensitivity of a security’s price to changes in interest rates. Effective duration is a measure of the Fund’s portfolio duration adjusted for the anticipated effect of interest rate changes on bond and mortgage prepayment rates as determined by the Adviser. The effective duration of
 
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the Fund’s investment portfolio may vary materially from time to time, and there is no assurance that the effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio will not exceed three years at any time. The Fund may invest in individual securities of any maturity or duration.
The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions and other instruments of any kind for hedging purposes or otherwise to gain, or reduce, exposure to one or more asset classes or issuers. When seeking to effect or create investment leverage, the Fund typically will use derivatives transactions. The Fund may use futures contracts and options on futures contracts, in order to gain efficient investment exposures as an alternative to cash investments or to hedge against portfolio exposures; interest rate swaps, to gain indirect exposures to interest rates, issuers, or currencies, or to hedge against portfolio exposures; put and call options, and exchange-traded and structured notes, to take indirect positions on indexes, securities, currencies, or other indicators of value, or to hedge against portfolio exposures.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities, when the portfolio managers perceive deterioration in the credit fundamentals of the issuer, or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the 1940 Act and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The Fund’s principal risks are listed below. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
It is possible to lose money on an investment in the Fund. Among the principal risks of investing in the Fund, which could adversely affect its NAV, yield, and total return are the following:
 
  Active Management Risk
  Collateralized Debt Obligations Risk
  Counterparty Risk
  Debt Securities Risks
  Derivatives Risk
  ETF Related Risks
  Financial Services Risk
  Investment Company and Exchange-Traded Fund Risk
  Large Shareholder Risk
  Leveraging Risk
  Limited Operating History Risk
  Liquidity Risk
  Loan Risk
  Market Risk
  Mortgage-Backed Securities Risk
  Non-Diversification Risk
  Operational and Information Security Risk
  Portfolio Turnover Risk
  Real Estate Sector Risk
  Restricted Securities Risk
  Securities or Sector Selection Risk
  Structured Products and Structured Notes Risk
  U.S. Government Securities Risk
  Valuation Risk
 
Please see the section titled “Principal Risks” below for more information regarding these risks.
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
The Fund is an actively managed ETF. Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in residential mortgage-backed securities and other residential mortgage-related securities (together, “Residential Mortgage Securities”) deemed to be rated investment grade at the time of purchase. Residential Mortgage Securities in which the Fund may invest include, without limitation: residential mortgage-related securities of any maturity or type, including those guaranteed by, or secured by collateral that is guaranteed by, the United States Government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations, and privately issued mortgage-backed securities; pass-through securities, including government, private, and multiclass pass-through securities; stripped mortgage securities (interest-only and principal-only securities); mortgage servicing rights; single-family rental-related securities; collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMOs”); REMICS and Re-REMICs; loan participations and similar instruments; credit risk transfer securities that, while not backed by mortgage loans, have credit exposure to a pool of mortgage loans acquired by the government-sponsored entity or private entity issuing the securities; instruments backed by collateral such as performing, non-performing (i.e., loans currently delinquent or in default) and/or re-performing loans (i.e., loans previously, but no longer, delinquent or in default), qualified and non-qualified mortgage loans; and mortgage-related derivatives such as inverse floaters (instruments whose coupon rate is inversely related to the reference rate), inverse interest-only securities and repurchase agreements. The Fund’s investments may bear fixed or variable interest rates of any maturity. The market value of
 
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derivatives that have economic characteristics similar to the investments included in the Fund’s 80% investment policy will be counted for purposes of such policy. If the Fund changes its 80% investment policy, it will notify shareholders at least 60 days in advance of the change.
The Adviser expects normally to invest at least 50% of its net assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in Residential Mortgage Securities issued and guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored corporations such as the Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae”), the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”).
Although under normal circumstances the Fund intends to invest primarily in Residential Mortgage Securities deemed to be rated investment grade (i.e., securities rated Baa3/BBB- or higher) at the time of purchase, the Fund may also invest in certain other fixed-income securities as contemplated herein, including derivatives, U.S. government securities, and other cash and cash-equivalents.
The Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other registered investment companies, including other open-end or closed-end investment companies and ETFs, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund. The amount of the Fund’s investment in certain investment companies may be limited by law or by tax considerations. When determining compliance with its 80% investment policy, the Fund will consider the underlying investments of any investment companies in which it invests, to the extent practicable.
In selecting among available Residential Mortgage Securities, the Fund expects to consider, among other things, available yield, duration characteristics, collateral quality, level of correlation to other risk assets, supply/demand technicals, and sponsor quality. The Fund may invest in any level of the capital structure of an issuer, including subordinated or residual tranches and the equity or “first loss” tranche.
The portfolio managers utilize active asset allocation in managing the Fund’s investments and have significant latitude to invest across fixed income sectors with varying weightings.
The Adviser has broad discretion to manage the Fund’s portfolio duration; however, the Adviser expects normally to construct an investment portfolio with a dollar-weighted average effective duration within two years (plus or minus) of that of its benchmark index, the Bloomberg U.S. Mortgage-Backed Securities Index, which was approximately 6 years as of November 30, 2023. The Adviser monitors the duration of the Fund’s portfolio securities to seek to assess and, in its discretion, adjust the Fund’s exposure to interest rate risk. The Adviser seeks to manage the Fund’s duration based on the Adviser’s view of, among other things, future interest rates and market conditions. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a fixed income instrument that is used to determine the sensitivity of a security’s price to changes in interest rates. Effective duration is a measure of the Fund’s portfolio duration adjusted for the anticipated effect of interest rate changes on bond and mortgage prepayment rates as determined by the Adviser. The Fund may invest in individual securities of any maturity or duration. The effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio may vary significantly from time to time and may be negative at certain times, and there is no assurance that the effective duration of the Fund’s investment portfolio will remain within the targeted range described above.
The Adviser may seek to manage the dollar-weighted average effective duration of the Fund’s portfolio through the purchase and sale of securities of different durations and through the use of derivatives and other instruments (including, among others, inverse floaters, futures contracts, U.S. Treasury swaps, interest rate swaps, total return swaps and options, including swaptions). The Fund may incur costs in implementing duration management strategies, and there can be no assurance that the Fund will engage in duration management strategies or that any duration management strategy employed by the Fund will be successful.
The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions and other instruments of any kind for hedging purposes, in lieu of cash investments or otherwise to gain, or reduce, exposure to one or more asset classes or issuers. When seeking to effect or create investment leverage, the Fund typically will use derivatives transactions. The Fund may use futures contracts and options on futures contracts, in order to gain efficient investment exposures as an alternative to cash investments or to hedge against portfolio exposures; interest rate swaps, to gain indirect exposures to interest rates, or to hedge against portfolio exposures; put and call options, and exchange-traded and structured notes, to take indirect positions on indexes, securities, or other indicators of value, or to hedge against portfolio exposures.
Additionally, the Fund may purchase or sell securities on a when-issued, delayed delivery or forward commitment basis, including United States agency mortgage-backed securities that forward-settle (e.g., “To Be Announced” Securities”). The Fund may seek to obtain market exposure to the securities in which it primarily invests by entering into a series of purchase and sale contracts or by using other investment techniques (such as buy backs or dollar rolls), which may create investment leverage.
 
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Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities, when the portfolio managers perceive deterioration in the credit fundamentals of the issuer, or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the 1940 Act and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The Fund’s principal risks are listed below. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
It is possible to lose money on an investment in the Fund. Among the principal risks of investing in the Fund, which could adversely affect its NAV, yield, and total return are the following:
 
  Active Management Risk
  Counterparty Risk
  Debt Securities Risks
  Derivatives Risk
  ETF Related Risks
  Financial Services Risk
  Investment Company and Exchange-Traded Fund Risk
  Large Shareholder Risk
  Leveraging Risk
  Limited Operating History Risk
  Liquidity Risk
  Loan Risk
  Market Risk
  Mortgage-Backed Securities Risk
  Non-Diversification Risk
  Operational and Information Security Risk
  Portfolio Turnover Risk
  Real Estate Sector Risk
  Restricted Securities Risk
  Securities or Sector Selection Risk
  Structured Products and Structured Notes Risk
  U.S. Government Securities Risk
  Valuation Risk
 
Please see the section titled “Principal Risks” below for more information regarding these risks.
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets in U.S. equity securities, including exchange-traded investment companies that provide exposure to U.S. equity securities, subject to the limitations described below. This investment policy may be changed by the Fund upon 60 days’ prior written notice to shareholders. Under normal market conditions, the Fund invests its assets in securities that are listed on a national securities exchange registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and that trade contemporaneously with the Fund’s shares. The Fund may invest in equity securities of companies of any market capitalization other than penny stocks. When determining compliance with its 80% investment policy, the Fund will consider the underlying investments of any investment companies in which it invests, to the extent practicable.
An issuer is considered to be a U.S. equity issuer if: (i) its principal place of business is located in the United States; (ii) at least 50% of its assets are located in the United States and/or (iii) it derives at least 50% of its revenues from the United States.
The Shiller Barclays CAPE® US Sector TR USD Index. In seeking to achieve the Fund’s investment objective, when making investment decisions for the Fund, the Adviser considers the underlying constituents of the Index, but the Fund is not limited in its ability to invest in companies other than those underlying the Index. The Index incorporates the principles of long-term investing distilled by Dr. Robert Shiller and expressed through the CAPE® (Cyclically Adjusted Price Earnings) ratio (the “CAPE® Ratio”). The classic CAPE® Ratio assesses equity market valuations and averages ten years of inflation adjusted earnings to account for earnings and market cycles. By contrast, traditional valuation measures, such as the price-earnings (PE) ratio, typically rely on earnings information from only the past year. The Index uses a relative version of the classic CAPE® Ratio to identify undervalued sectors while also seeking to exclude a sector that may appear undervalued, but which may have also had recent relative price underperformance due to fundamental issues with the sector that may negatively affect the sector’s long-term total return. There can be no assurance that the Index will provide a better measure of value than more traditional measures, over any period or over the long term.
The Index is rebalanced monthly, which will often result in changes to the Index’s composition as well. Each month, the Index’s methodology ranks eleven US sectors based on a modified CAPE® Ratio (a “value” factor) and a twelve-month price momentum factor (a “momentum” factor). Each US sector is represented by a sector ETF that tracks a sector index, which is an ETF in the family of Select Sector SPDR Funds or, in the case of the real estate sector, the iShares Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Index Fund. The Index methodology selects the five US sectors with the lowest modified CAPE® Ratio — the sectors that
 
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are the most undervalued according to the CAPE® Ratio. Only four of these five sectors, however, end up in the Index for a given month, as the sector with the worst 12-month price momentum (“total return”) among the five selected sectors is eliminated. The Index methodology allocates an equally weighted long (i.e., investment) exposure to the four remaining US sectors. As of the date of this Prospectus, the eleven sectors that may be selected by the Index methodology include Communication Services, Consumer Discretionary, Consumer Staples, Energy, Financials, Health Care, Industrials, Materials, Technology, Utilities and Real Estate. The Index is rebalanced on a monthly basis.
Through the Fund’s investments related to the Index, the Fund will have focused exposures to the sectors making up the Index at any given time. As a result, the Fund’s net asset value may be affected to a greater degree by factors affecting those sectors or industries than a fund that invests more broadly. Because the Fund is actively managed, the Adviser has the discretion to invest in securities not included in the Index and may over or underweight a particular sector as it deems appropriate in seeking the Fund’s investment objective.
The Adviser will seek investment exposure to the sectors comprising the Index by investing directly in some or all of the securities that are included in those sectors. Although the Fund seeks to create an investment return that approximates that of the Index and the Fund will, at all times during normal market conditions, have investment exposure to issuers underlying the Index, the Fund does not seek to track or replicate the Index. The Adviser or the Fund’s Board of Trustees may in their sole discretion select, in place of the Index, another index or a basket of investments that the Adviser believes will provide a return approximating that of the Index. The Fund may gain exposure to any substitute index or basket of investments in any manner the Adviser determines appropriate, including those described above with respect to how the Fund may obtain exposure to the Index.
Subject to the applicable limitations described below, the Fund may pursue its investment objective and obtain exposures to some or all of the asset classes described above by investing in other exchange-traded investment companies, including listed closed-end investment companies, ETFs and government money market funds, in each case affiliated or unaffiliated with the Fund.
Portfolio securities may be sold at any time. Sales typically occur when the Fund’s portfolio managers determine to take advantage of what the portfolio managers consider to be a better investment opportunity, when the portfolio managers believe the portfolio securities no longer represent relatively attractive investment opportunities or when the individual security has reached the portfolio managers’ sell target. The Fund’s investment strategy may involve active and frequent trading of portfolio securities.
The Fund operates in reliance on an exemptive order from the SEC (the “Order”), which limits the types of investments the Fund may hold to those listed in the Fund’s application for the Order. Under the terms of the Order, the Fund is permitted to invest only in ETFs, exchange-traded notes, exchange listed common stocks, exchange-traded preferred stocks, exchange-traded ADRs, exchange-traded real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), exchange-traded commodity pools, exchange-traded metal trusts, exchange-traded currency trusts and exchange-traded futures that trade on a U.S. exchange contemporaneously with the Fund’s shares, as well as cash and cash equivalents (which are short-term U.S. Treasury securities, government money market funds, and repurchase agreements). The Fund will not buy securities that are illiquid investments (as defined in rule 22e-4(a)(8) under the 1940 Act) at the time of purchase. The Fund may, however, hold an illiquid investment if it becomes illiquid after purchase. The Fund’s investment strategies and practices, including those listed above, are subject to these limitations.
The Fund is classified as a non-diversified fund under the 1940 Act and may invest in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund.
Principal Risks
The Fund’s principal risks are listed below. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in the Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. You should read all of the risk information presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
It is possible to lose money on an investment in the Fund. Among the principal risks of investing in the Fund, which could adversely affect its NAV, yield and total return are the following:
 
  ActiveShares® Non-Transparent Structure/ETF Risk
  Active Management Risk
  Equity Issuer Risk
  Financial Services Risk
  Index Risk
  Investment Company and Exchange-Traded Fund Risk
  Large Shareholder Risk
  Limited Operating History Risk
  Liquidity Risk
  Market Capitalization Risk
 
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  Market Risk
  Non-Diversification Risk
  Operational and Information Security Risk
  Portfolio Turnover Risk
  Real Estate Sector Risk
  Securities or Sector Selection Risk
  Valuation Risk
 
Please see the section titled “Principal Risks” below for more information regarding these risks.
Other Information Regarding Principal Investment Strategies
All percentage limitations and requirements as to investments will apply only at the time of an investment to which the limitation or requirement is applicable and shall not be considered violated unless an excess or deficiency occurs or exists immediately after and as a result of such investment. Accordingly, any later increase or decrease resulting from a change in values, net assets or other circumstances will not be considered in determining whether any investment complies with a Fund’s limitation or requirement.
For purposes of applying any limitations on a Fund’s investments in such bonds, when an investment is rated by more than one nationally recognized securities rating organization, the Adviser will utilize the highest credit rating for that security for purposes of applying any investment policies that incorporate credit ratings (e.g., a policy to invest a certain percentage of a Fund’s assets in securities rated investment grade) except where a Fund has a policy to invest a certain minimum percentage of its assets in securities that are rated below investment grade, in which case the Fund will utilize the lowest credit rating that applies to that investment.
Generally, this Prospectus uses the terms debt security, debt obligation, debt instrument, bond, fixed-income instrument, fixed-income obligation and fixed-income security interchangeably. These terms should be considered to include any evidence of indebtedness, including, by way of example, a security or instrument having one or more of the following characteristics: a security or instrument issued at a discount to its face value, a security or instrument that pays interest at a fixed, floating, or variable rate, or a security or instrument with a stated principal amount that requires repayment of some or all of that principal amount to the holder of the security. Each of these terms is interpreted broadly and would include any instrument or security evidencing a payment obligation, such as an IOU. Interests representing corporate ownership may also be a debt obligation for these purposes if, for example, the interest represents an indirect or derivative interest in one or more payment obligations. For this purpose, the terms also include instruments that are intended to provide one or more of the characteristics of a direct investment in one or more debt securities. This Prospectus also uses the term hybrid security to refer to a security that the Adviser or a third party creates by combining an income-producing debt security and the right to receive payment based on the change in the price of an equity security.
Principal Risks
Risk is the chance that you will lose money on your investment or that it will not earn as much as you expect. In general, the greater the risk, the more money your investment may earn for you — and the more you can lose. The value of each Fund’s shares will vary as its portfolio investments increase or decrease in value. Therefore, the value of your investment in a Fund could go down as well as up. You can lose money by investing in a Fund. When you sell your shares of a Fund, they could be worth more or less than what you paid for them.
Each Fund is affected by changes in the economy, in portfolio securities and in the various markets for financial instruments. There is also the possibility that investment decisions the Adviser makes with respect to the investments of the Fund will not accomplish what they were designed to achieve or that the investments will have disappointing performance.
The Funds’ principal risks are listed below in alphabetical order, not in order of importance. The significance of any specific risk to an investment in a Fund will vary over time, depending on the composition of the Fund’s portfolio, market conditions, and other factors. Your investment in a Fund may be subject (in varying degrees) to the following risks discussed below. Each Fund may be more susceptible to some of the risks than others. You should read all of the risk information for your Fund presented below carefully, because any one or more of these risks may result in losses to the Fund.
ActiveShares® Non-transparent Structure/ETF-Related Risks
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF is an ETF that utilizes the ActiveShares® non-transparent ETF structure. Unlike most actively managed ETFs, the Fund does not provide daily disclosure of its portfolio holdings. Instead, the Fund provides a verified intraday indicative value (“VIIV”), calculated and disseminated every second throughout the trading day. The VIIV is intended to provide investors with an intraday highly-correlated per share value of the Fund that can be compared to the current market price. The VIIV is designed to provide sufficient information to allow for an effective arbitrage mechanism that will keep the market price of each Fund’s shares trading at or close to the underlying net-asset value (“NAV”) per share of the
 
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Fund. Shares traded on an intraday basis on an exchange, however, will not have a fixed relationship to the previous day’s or the current day’s NAV. There is, however, a risk, which may increase during periods of market disruption or volatility, that market prices will vary significantly from the underlying NAV of a Fund. Similarly, because each Fund’s shares trade with reference to a published VIIV, they may trade at a wider bid/ask spread (as defined below) when compared to shares of ETFs that publish their portfolios on a daily basis, especially during periods of market disruption or volatility, and therefore, may cost investors more to trade. Although the Fund seeks to benefit from keeping its portfolio information secret, some market participants may attempt to use information, including the VIIV, to identify the Fund’s trading strategy and the securities held by the Fund, which if successful, could result in such market participants engaging in certain predatory trading practices that may have the potential to harm the Fund and its shareholders. In the event of a system failure or other interruption, including disruptions involving a limited number of institutional investors (known as “Authorized Participants”), unaffiliated broker-dealers with which such Authorized Participant has signed an agreement to establish a confidential account for the benefit of such Authorized Participant (an “AP Representative”), or market makers, orders to create or redeem Creation Units either may not be executed according to an Authorized Participant’s instructions or may not be executed at all, or an Authorized Participant may not be able to place or change orders. If such an event were to occur, the Fund’s shares may trade in the secondary market at a greater premium or discount to the Fund’s NAV, and investors may pay a greater bid/ask spread to purchase or sell the Fund’s shares. The use of this structure exposes the Fund and Fund shareholders to certain additional risks, including the following:
Authorized Participant and AP Representative concentration risk: because the Fund is an ETF, only a limited number of Authorized Participants are authorized to purchase (or create) and redeem shares directly from the Fund. Each of the Fund’s Authorized Participants will engage in all creation and redemption activity through an unaffiliated broker-dealer with which such Authorized Participant has signed an agreement to establish a confidential account for the benefit of such AP Representative. The AP Representative will deliver or receive, on behalf of the Authorized Participant, all consideration to or from the Fund in a creation or redemption. AP Representatives have knowledge of the composition of the Fund’s portfolio holdings, and are restricted from disclosing such composition, including to the Authorized Participants. As a result of the Fund’s use of the ActiveShares® structure for non-transparent ETFs, there may be a more limited number of institutions that are willing to act as Authorized Participants or as AP Representatives. During times of market stress, Authorized Participants may be more likely to step away from a non-transparent ETF than a traditional ETF. If these institutions exit the business or are unable to process creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund, or are unavailable to purchase and sell securities in connection with creation and/or redemption orders, as applicable, and no other Authorized Participant or AP Representative agrees to create or redeem, or purchase or sell securities, as applicable, the arbitrage mechanism for keeping the market price of Fund shares trading at or close to the Fund’s per share NAV may be impaired, and Fund shares may trade at a premium or discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting. These risks may be more pronounced in volatile markets, particularly where there are significant redemptions in ETFs generally.
Secondary market trading risk: shares of the Fund trade on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”) and are subject to the following associated risks:
 
   
absence of active market: although the Fund’s shares are currently listed on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for shares will develop or be maintained. The absence of an active market for the Fund’s shares may contribute to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
trading in fund shares may be halted or fund shares may be delisted: trading in Fund shares may be halted due to market conditions or for other reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in shares of the Fund inadvisable. If at any time securities representing 10% or more of the Fund’s portfolio become subject to a trading halt or otherwise do not have readily available market quotations, the Fund will request that the Exchange halt trading of the Fund’s shares. Further, if there is a discrepancy of sufficient magnitude between the value of the Fund’s portfolio securities as calculated by the Fund’s two calculation engines for VIIV purposes, the Exchange will have the ability to halt trading of the Fund’s shares. During such trading halts, although the primary VIIV would continue to be calculated and disseminated, investors in the Fund’s shares will not be able to freely trade their shares. Additionally, the Fund must satisfy various other standards established by the Exchange in order to ensure that Fund shares can continue to be listed for trading. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met.
 
   
trading in fund shares is subject to expenses: most Fund investors will buy and sell Fund shares on the Exchange or on another secondary market. When buying or selling shares of the Fund, investors typically will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that a buyer is willing to
 
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pay for shares (the “bid” price) and the price at which a seller is willing to sell shares (the “ask” price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.”
 
   
fund shares may be sold short — Shares of the Fund, similar to shares of other issuers listed on a stock exchange, may be sold short and are therefore subject to the risk of increased volatility and price decreases associated with short selling activity.
 
   
fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV: the NAV of shares of the Fund will fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The trading price of the Fund’s shares will fluctuate, in some cases materially, throughout trading hours in response to changes in the Fund’s VIIV, the relative supply of and demand for Fund shares on the Exchange and other factors. As a result, Fund shares may trade above (at a premium to) or below (at a discount to) their NAV. This risk may be greater for the Fund than for traditional ETFs that disclose their full portfolio holdings on a daily basis. Disruptions to creations and redemptions, the existence of extreme market volatility or potential lack of an active trading market for shares may result in shares trading at a significant premium or discount to NAV and/or in a reduced liquidity of your investment. During such periods, you may be unable to sell your shares, you may pay significantly more than NAV when buying Fund shares, or you may receive significantly less than NAV when selling Fund shares.
Portfolio security trading risk: an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain portfolio securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to engage in Fund portfolio transactions to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to have its investments accurately priced for purposes of determining its VIIV, and may have difficulty calculating its NAV. These events may result in losses to shareholders. Any extended trading halt in a portfolio security may exacerbate discrepancies between the VIIV and the underlying NAV of the Fund. If a portfolio security does not have readily available market quotations, e.g., if subject to an extended trading halt, that fact, along with the identity and weighting of that security in the Fund’s VIIV calculation, will be publicly disclosed on the Fund’s website. Trading halts of portfolio securities may have a greater impact on the Fund, as compared with traditional ETFs, due to less frequent dissemination of the Fund’s portfolio holdings.
Active Management Risk
The risk that a Fund may fail to meet its investment objective and that a Fund’s investment performance will depend, at least in part, on how its assets are allocated and reallocated among the asset classes, sectors, underlying funds and/or investments in which it invests. It is possible that the Adviser’s judgements about the attractiveness, value and potential performance of asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, and/or investments may prove to be incorrect and may not anticipate actual market movements or the impact of economic conditions generally. You could lose money on your investment in a Fund as a result of these judgements and allocation decisions. To the extent that a Fund invests a significant portion of its assets in a single or limited number of asset classes, sectors, underlying funds, or investments, it will be particularly sensitive to the risks associated with the asset classes, sectors, funds, or investments in which it invests. Any given investment strategy may fail to produce the intended results, and a Fund’s portfolio may underperform other comparable funds because of portfolio management decisions related to, among other things, the selection of investments, portfolio construction, risk assessments, and/or the outlook on market trends and opportunities.
Asset-Backed Securities Investment Risk
Asset-backed investments tend to increase in value less than other debt securities of similar maturity and credit quality when interest rates decline, but are subject to a similar or greater risk of decline in market value during periods of rising interest rates. In a period of declining interest rates, prepayments on asset-backed securities may increase, and a Fund may be unable to reinvest those prepaid amounts in investments providing the same rate of interest as the pre-paid obligations. Asset-backed securities are structured like mortgage-backed securities, but instead of mortgage loans or interests in mortgage loans, the underlying assets may include a wide variety of items, including, without limitation, motor vehicle installment sales or installment loan contracts, leases of various types of real, personal and other property (including those relating to aircrafts, containers, railroads, telecommunication, energy, and/or other infrastructure assets and infrastructure-related assets), receivables from credit card agreements and automobile finance agreements, home equity sharing agreements, student loans, consumer loans, home equity loans, mobile home loans, boat loans, and income from other non-mortgage-related income streams, such as income from business and small business loans, project finance loans, renewable energy projects, personal financial assets, timeshare receivables and franchise rights. They may also include asset-backed securities backed by whole loans or fractions of whole loans issued by alternative lending platforms and securitized by those platforms or other entities (such as third-party originators or brokers). There is a risk that borrowers may default on their obligations in respect of those underlying obligations.
 
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Asset-backed securities involve the risk that borrowers may default on the obligations backing them and that the values of and interest earned on such investments will decline as a result. Loans made to lower quality borrowers, including those of sub-prime quality, involve a higher risk of default. Therefore, the values of asset-backed securities backed by lower quality loans, including those of sub-prime quality, may suffer significantly greater declines in value due to defaults, payment delays or a perceived increased risk of default, especially during periods when economic conditions worsen.
Certain assets underlying asset-backed securities are subject to prepayment, which may reduce the overall return to asset-backed security holders. Holders also may experience delays in payment or losses on the securities if the full amounts due on underlying sales contracts or receivables are not realized by the issuing trust because of, among others, unanticipated legal or administrative costs of enforcing the contracts or because of depreciation or damage to the collateral securing certain contracts, or other factors. The values of asset-backed securities may be substantially dependent on the servicing of the underlying asset pools, and are therefore subject to risks associated with the negligence or malfeasance by their servicers and to the credit risk or insolvency of their servicers. In certain circumstances, the mishandling of related documentation also may affect the rights of security holders in and to the underlying collateral. The insolvency of entities that generate receivables or that utilize the assets may result in added costs and delays in addition to losses associated with a decline in the value of underlying assets. Certain asset-backed securities do not have the benefit of the same security interest in the related collateral as do mortgage-backed securities; nor are they provided government guarantees of repayment as are some mortgage-backed securities. For example, credit card receivables generally are unsecured, and the debtors are entitled to the protection of a number of state and federal consumer credit laws, many of which give such debtors the right to set off certain amounts owed on the credit cards, thereby reducing the balance due. In addition, some issuers of automobile receivables permit the servicers to retain possession of the underlying obligations. If the servicer were to sell these obligations to another party, there is a risk that the purchaser would acquire an interest superior to that of the holders of the related automobile receivables. The impairment of the value of collateral or other assets underlying an asset-backed security, such as a result of non-payment of loans or non-performance of other collateral or underlying assets, may result in a reduction in the value of such asset-backed securities and losses to a Fund. It is possible that many or all asset-backed securities will fall out of favor at any time or over time with investors, affecting adversely the values and liquidity of the securities.
During periods of deteriorating economic conditions, such as recessions or periods of rising unemployment, delinquencies and losses generally increase, sometimes dramatically, with respect to securitizations involving loans, sales contracts, receivables and other obligations underlying asset-backed securities.
The values of asset-backed securities may also be substantially dependent on the servicing of and diligence performed by their servicers or sponsors. For example, a Fund may suffer losses due to a servicer’s, sponsor’s or platform’s negligence or malfeasance, such as through the mishandling of certain documentation affecting security holders’ rights in and to underlying collateral or the failure to update or collect accurate and complete borrower information. In addition, the values of asset-backed securities may be adversely affected by the credit quality of the servicer or sponsor, as applicable. Certain servicers or sponsors may have limited operating histories to evaluate. The insolvency of a servicer or sponsor may result in added costs and delays in addition to losses associated with a decline in the value of underlying assets. A Fund also may experience delays in payment or losses on its investments if the full amount due on underlying collateral is not realized, which may occur because of unanticipated legal or administrative costs of enforcing the contracts, depreciation or damage to the collateral securing certain contracts, under-collateralization or other factors.
Equipment Trust Certificates (“ETCs”) and Enhanced Equipment Trust Certificates (“EETCs”) Risk: ETCs and EETCs are types of asset-backed securities that generally represent undivided fractional interests in a trust whose assets consist of a pool of equipment retail installment contracts or leased equipment. EETCs are similar to ETCs, except that the securities have been divided into two or more classes, each with different payment priorities and asset claims (see “—Collateralized Debt Obligations Risk” in the Fund’s SAI for information regarding how different classes or tranches of interests issued by an issuer can affect the risks of an investment in EETCs). ETCs and EETCs are typically issued by specially-created trusts established by airlines, railroads, or other transportation firms. The assets of ETCs and EETCs are used to purchase equipment, such as airplanes, railroad cars, or other equipment, which may in turn serve as collateral for the related issue of the ETCs or EETCs, and the title to such equipment is held in trust for the holders of the issue. The equipment generally is leased from the specially-created trust by the airline, railroad or other firm, which makes rental or lease payments to the specially-created trust to provide cash flow for payments to ETC and EETC holders. Holders of ETCs and EETCs must look to the collateral securing the certificates, typically together with a guarantee provided by the lessee firm or its parent company for the payment of lease obligations, in the case of default in the payment of principal and interest on the ETCs or EETCs. ETCs and EETCs are subject to the risk that the lessee or payee defaults on its payments, and risks related to potential declines in the value of the equipment that serves as collateral for the issue. ETCs and EETCs are generally regarded as obligations of the company that is leasing the equipment and may be shown as liabilities in its balance sheet as a capitalized lease in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. The lessee company,
 
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however, does not own the equipment until all the certificates are redeemed and paid. In the event the company defaults under its lease, the trustee may terminate the lease. If another lessee is not available, then payments on the certificates would cease until another lessee is available.
Collateralized Debt Obligations Risk
Collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”) are a type of asset-backed security, and include collateralized bond obligations (“CBOs”), CLOs, and other similarly structured securities. A CBO is a trust which may be backed by a diversified pool of high risk, below investment grade fixed income securities. A CLO is a trust typically collateralized by a pool of loans, which may include, among others, domestic and foreign senior secured loans, senior unsecured loans, second lien loans or other types of subordinate loans, and mezzanine loans, including loans that may be rated below investment grade or equivalent unrated loans and including loans that may be covenant-lite. CDOs may charge management fees and administrative expenses. The cash flows from the CDO trust are generally split into two or more portions, called tranches, varying in risk and yield. Senior tranches are paid from the cash flows from the underlying assets before the junior tranches and equity or “first loss” tranches. Losses are first borne by the equity tranches, next by the junior tranches, and finally by the senior tranches. Holders of interests in the senior tranches are entitled to the lowest interest rate payments but those interests generally involve less credit risk as they are typically paid before junior tranches. The holders of interests in the most junior tranches, such as equity tranches, typically are entitled to be paid the highest interest rate payments but suffer the highest risk of loss should the holder of an underlying debt instrument default. If some debt instruments default and the cash collected by the CDO is insufficient to pay all of its investors, those in the lowest, most junior tranches suffer losses first. Since it is partially protected from defaults, a senior tranche from a CDO trust typically has higher ratings and lower potential yields than the underlying securities, and can be rated investment grade. Despite the protection from the equity tranche, more senior CDO tranches can experience substantial losses due to actual defaults, increased sensitivity to defaults due to collateral default and disappearance of protecting tranches, market anticipation of defaults and aversion to CDO securities as a class.
The risks of an investment in a CDO depend largely on the quality and type of the collateral and the tranche of the CDO in which a Fund invests. Normally, CBOs, CLOs and other CDOs are privately offered and sold, and thus are not registered under the securities laws. As a result, there may be a limited secondary market for investments in CDOs and such investments may be illiquid. In addition to the risks associated with debt instruments (e.g., interest rate risk and credit risk), CDOs carry additional risks including, but not limited to: (i) the possibility that distributions from collateral will not be adequate to make interest or other payments; (ii) the quality of the collateral may decline in value or default; (iii) the possibility that a Fund may invest in CDOs that are subordinate to other classes of the issuer’s securities; and (iv) the complex structure of the security may not be fully understood at the time of investment and may produce disputes with the issuer or unexpected investment results.
During periods of deteriorating economic conditions, such as recessions or periods of rising unemployment, delinquencies and losses generally increase, sometimes dramatically, with respect to debt obligations.
Counterparty Risk
A Fund will be subject to credit risk presented by another party (whether a clearing corporation in the case of exchange-traded or cleared instruments or another third party in the case of over-the-counter instruments) that promises to honor an obligation to a Fund with respect to the derivative contracts and other instruments entered into by a Fund. There can be no assurance that a counterparty will be able or willing to meet its obligations. If such a party becomes bankrupt or insolvent or otherwise fails or is unwilling to perform its obligations to a Fund due to financial difficulties or for other reasons, the Fund may experience significant losses or delays in enforcing contractual remedies and/or obtaining any recovery from the counterparty, including realizing on any collateral the counterparty has provided in respect of the counterparty’s obligations to the Fund or recovering collateral that a Fund has provided and is entitled to recover. If a Fund’s claim against a counterparty is unsecured, the Fund will likely be treated as a general creditor of such counterparty to the extent of such unsecured claim. A Fund may obtain only a limited recovery or may obtain no recovery in such circumstances. New regulatory requirements may also limit the ability of the Fund to protect its interests in the event of an insolvency of a derivatives counterparty. In the event of a counterparty’s (or its affiliate’s) insolvency, the Fund’s ability to exercise remedies, such as the termination of transactions, netting of obligations and realization on collateral, could be stayed or eliminated under special resolution regimes adopted in the United States, the European Union (“EU”), the United Kingdom (the “UK”) and various other jurisdictions. Such regimes provide government authorities with broad authority to intervene when a financial institution is experiencing financial difficulty. In particular, with respect to counterparties who are subject to such proceedings in the EU or the UK, the liabilities of such counterparties to the Fund could be reduced, eliminated, or converted to equity in such counterparties (sometimes referred to as a “bail in”).
Subject to certain U.S. federal income tax limitations, the Funds are not subject to any limit with respect to the number or the value of transactions they can enter into with a single counterparty.
 
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Debt Securities Risks
Debt securities are subject to various risks including, among others, credit risk and interest rate risk. These risks can affect a security’s price volatility to varying degrees, depending upon the nature of the instrument.
Credit risk: refers to the risk that an issuer, counterparty or other obligor to the Fund will fail to pay its obligations to a Fund when they are due. If an investment’s issuer, counterparty or other obligor fails to pay interest or otherwise fails to meet its obligations to a Fund, the value of the investment might be lost entirely. Financial strength and solvency of an issuer are the primary factors influencing credit risk. Actual or perceived changes in the financial condition of an obligor, changes in specific economic, social or political conditions that affect a particular type of security, other instrument or an obligor, and changes in economic, social or political conditions generally can increase the risk of default by an obligor, which can affect a security’s or other instrument’s credit quality or value and an obligor’s ability to honor its obligations when due. The values of lower-quality debt securities (including debt securities commonly known as “high yield” securities or “junk bonds”), including floating rate loans, tend to be particularly sensitive to these changes. The values of securities or instruments also may decline for a number of other reasons that relate directly to the obligor, such as management performance, financial leverage, and reduced demand for the obligor’s goods and services, as well as the historical and prospective earnings of the obligor and the value of its assets. Credit risk is heightened to the extent a Fund has fewer counterparties.
In addition, lack of or inadequacy of collateral or credit enhancements for a fixed income security may affect its credit risk. Credit risk of a security may change over time, and securities which are rated by rating agencies may be subject to downgrade, which may have an indirect impact on the market price of securities. Ratings are only opinions of the agencies issuing them as to the likelihood of repayment. They are not guarantees as to quality and they do not reflect market risk.
Extension risk: refers to the risk that if interest rates rise, repayments of principal on certain debt securities, including, but not limited to, floating rate loans and mortgage-related securities, may occur at a slower rate than expected and the expected maturity of those securities could lengthen as a result. Securities that are subject to extension risk generally have a greater potential for loss when prevailing interest rates rise, which could cause their values to fall sharply. The values of interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments.
Interest rate risk: refers to the risk that the values of debt instruments held by a Fund will change in response to changes in interest rates. Interest rate changes may affect the value of a fixed income instrument directly (especially in the case of fixed rate instruments) and indirectly (especially in the case of adjustable-rate instruments). In general, the value of a fixed-income instrument with positive duration will generally decline if interest rates increase, whereas the value of an instrument with negative duration will generally decline if interest rates decrease. The value of an instrument with a longer duration (whether positive or negative) will be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a similar instrument with a shorter duration. Duration is a measure of the expected life of a bond that is used to determine the sensitivity of an instrument’s price to changes in interest rates. For example, the price of a bond fund with an average duration of three years generally would be expected to fall approximately 3% if interest rates rose by one percentage point. Inverse floaters, interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. The risks associated with rising interest rates are heightened under current market conditions given that the U.S. Federal Reserve has raised interest rates from historically low levels and may continue to do so. Further, in market environments where interest rates are rising, issuers may be less willing or able to make principal and interest payments on fixed-income investments when due.
The values of variable and floating rate debt securities are generally less sensitive to interest rate changes, as compared to fixed rate debt instruments, but may decline in value if their interest rates do not rise as much, or as quickly, as interest rates in general. A floating rate debt security’s interest rate depends on the characteristics of the reset terms, including the index chosen and the frequency of reset and any caps or floors, among other things . Conversely, floating rate securities will not generally increase in value at all or to the same extent as fixed rate instruments when interest rates decline. Inverse floating rate debt securities may decrease in value if interest rates increase. Inverse floating rate debt securities also may exhibit greater price volatility than a fixed rate debt obligation with similar credit quality. When a Fund holds variable or floating rate securities, a decrease (or, in the case of inverse floating rate securities, an increase) in market interest rates will adversely affect the income received from such securities and a Fund’s NAV.
Prepayment/Reinvestment Risk: Many types of debt securities, including floating rate loans, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities, may reflect an interest in periodic payments made by borrowers. Although debt securities
 
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and other obligations typically mature after a specified period of time, borrowers may pay them off sooner. When a prepayment happens, all or a portion of the obligation will be prepaid. A borrower is more likely to prepay an obligation which bears a relatively high rate of interest. This means that in times of declining interest rates, there is a greater likelihood that a Fund’s higher yielding securities will be pre-paid and the Fund will probably be unable to reinvest those proceeds in an investment with as great a yield, causing the Fund’s yield to decline. Securities subject to prepayment risk generally offer less potential for gains when prevailing interest rates fall. If a Fund buys those investments at a premium, accelerated prepayments on those investments could cause a Fund to lose a portion of its principal investment and result in lower yields to shareholders. The increased likelihood of prepayment when interest rates decline also limits market price appreciation, especially with respect to certain loans, mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities. The effect of prepayments on the price of a security may be difficult to predict and may increase the security’s price volatility. Interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments. Income from a Fund’s portfolio may decline when a Fund invests the proceeds from investment income, sales of portfolio securities or matured, traded or called debt obligations. A decline in income received by a Fund from its investments is likely to have a negative effect on the dividend levels, NAV and/or overall return of a Fund.
Defaulted Securities Risk
Defaulted securities risk refers to the significant risk of the uncertainty of repayment of defaulted securities (e.g., a security on which a principal or interest payment is not made when due) and obligations of distressed issuers (including insolvent issuers or issuers in payment or covenant default, in workout or restructuring or in bankruptcy or similar proceedings). Because the issuer of such securities is in default and is likely to be in distressed financial condition, repayment of defaulted securities and obligations of distressed issuers is subject to significant uncertainties. Insolvency laws and practices in foreign markets, and especially emerging market countries are different than those in the United States and the effect of these laws and practices cannot be predicted with certainty. Investments in defaulted securities and obligations of distressed issuers are considered speculative and entail high risk.
Derivatives Risk
A Fund’s use of derivatives may involve risks different from, or greater than, the risks associated with investing in more traditional investments, such as stocks and bonds. Any use of derivatives strategies entails the risks of investing directly in the securities, instruments, or assets underlying the derivatives strategies, as well as the risks of using derivatives generally. Derivatives can be highly complex and may perform in ways unanticipated by the Adviser and may not be available at the time or price desired. Derivatives positions may also be improperly executed or constructed.
A Fund’s use of derivatives involves the risk that the other party to the derivative contract will fail to make required payments or otherwise to comply with the terms of the contract. In the event the counterparty to a derivative instrument defaults and/or becomes insolvent, a Fund potentially could lose all or a large portion of the value of its investment in the derivative instrument. Derivatives transactions can create investment leverage and may be highly volatile, and a Fund could lose significantly more than the amount it invests. Because most derivatives involve contractual arrangements with a counterparty, a Fund’s ability to enter into them requires a willing counterparty. A Fund’s ability to close out or unwind a derivatives position prior to expiration or maturity may also depend on the ability and willingness of the counterparty to enter into a transaction closing out the position.
Derivatives may be difficult to value, illiquid and/or volatile. A Fund may not be able to close out or sell a derivative position at an advantageous price or time.
Use of derivatives may affect the amount, timing and character of distributions to shareholders and, therefore, may increase the amount of taxes payable by taxable shareholders.
A Fund may use derivatives to create investment leverage and the Fund’s use of derivatives may otherwise cause its portfolio to be leveraged. Leverage increases a Fund’s portfolio losses when the value of its investments declines. Since many derivatives involve leverage, adverse changes in the value or level of the underlying asset, rate, or index may result in a loss substantially greater than the amount invested in the derivative itself. Some derivatives have the potential for unlimited loss, regardless of the size of the initial investment.
When a Fund enters into a derivatives transaction as a substitute for or alternative to a direct cash investment, that Fund is exposed to the risk that the derivative transaction may not provide a return that corresponds precisely or at all with that of the underlying investment. When a Fund uses a derivative for hedging purposes, it is possible that the derivative will not in fact
 
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provide the anticipated protection, and the Fund could lose money on both the derivative transaction and the exposure the Fund sought to hedge. While hedging strategies involving derivatives can reduce the risk of loss, they can also reduce the opportunity for gain or even result in losses by offsetting favorable price movements in other Fund investments.
The derivatives markets are subject to various global regulations, and additional future regulation of the derivatives markets may make derivatives more costly, may limit the availability or liquidity of derivatives, or may otherwise adversely affect the value or performance of derivatives. Any such regulation could impair the effectiveness of a Fund’s derivatives transactions or its ability to effect its investment strategy and cause a Fund to lose value. In particular, the U.S. government, the United Kingdom, the European Union and various other jurisdictions have adopted mandatory minimum margin requirements for bilateral derivatives. Such requirements could increase the amount of margin required to be provided by a Fund in connection with its derivatives transactions and, therefore, make its derivatives transactions more expensive and potentially impair its ability to effect its investment strategy. U.S. government legislation providing for regulation of the derivatives market also includes clearing, reporting, and registration requirements, which could restrict a Fund’s ability to engage in derivatives transactions or increase the cost or uncertainty involved in such transactions. The European Union and the United Kingdom (and some other jurisdictions) have implemented or are in the process of implementing similar requirements, which will affect a Fund when it enters into a derivatives transaction with a counterparty subject to such requirements.
A Fund typically will be required to post collateral or make margin payments in connection with entering into derivatives transactions. Assets that are used as margin or collateral may be required to be in the form of cash or liquid securities. If markets move against a Fund’s position, the Fund will generally be required to post additional assets and may have to dispose of existing investments to obtain assets acceptable as collateral or margin. This may prevent a Fund from pursuing its investment objective. Assets that are used as margin or collateral typically may be invested, and these investments are subject to risk and may result in losses to a Fund. These losses may be substantial, and may be in addition to losses incurred by using the derivative in question. If a Fund is unable to close out its position, it may be required to continue to maintain such accounts and fulfill its payment obligations until the position expires or matures, and the Fund will continue to be subject to investment risk on the assets. In addition, a Fund may not be able to recover the full amount of its margin from its counterparty or an intermediary if such entity were to experience financial difficulty. Margin and collateral requirements may impair a Fund’s ability to sell a portfolio security or make an investment at a time when it would otherwise be favorable to do so, or require a Fund to sell a portfolio security or close out a derivatives position at a disadvantageous time or price.
Rule 18f-4 governs a Fund’s use of derivative investments and certain financing transactions. Among other things, Rule 18f-4 requires funds that invest in derivative instruments beyond a specified limited amount to apply a value-at-risk based limit to their use of certain derivative instruments and financing transactions and to adopt and implement a derivatives risk management program. Funds that use derivative instruments (beyond certain currency and interest rate hedging transactions) to a limited degree are not subject to the full requirements of Rule 18f-4. Regulatory limitations on derivatives transactions could have the effect of restricting the Fund’s use of derivative investments and financing transactions and prevent the Fund from implementing its principal investment strategies as described herein, which may result in changes to the Fund’s principal investment strategies and could adversely affect the Fund’s performance and its ability to achieve its investment objective.
While legislative and regulatory measures may provide protections for some market participants, they are evolving and still being implemented and their effects on derivatives markets activities cannot be reliably predicted. Current and future regulation of the derivatives markets may make derivatives more costly, may limit the availability or liquidity of derivatives, or may otherwise adversely affect the value or performance of derivatives. Any such adverse developments could impair the effectiveness of the Fund’s derivatives transactions and cause the Fund to lose value.
Emerging Market Country Risk
Investing in the securities of emerging market countries, as compared to foreign developed markets, involves substantial additional risk due to more limited information about the issuer and/or the security; higher brokerage costs; different accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards; less developed legal systems and thinner trading markets; the possibility of currency blockages or transfer restrictions; an emerging market country’s dependence on revenue from particular commodities or international aid; and expropriation, nationalization or other adverse political or economic developments, such as the imposition of economic sanctions, tariffs or other governmental restrictions.
Political and economic structures in many emerging market countries may undergo significant evolution and rapid development, and such countries may lack the social, political and economic stability characteristics of more developed countries. Emerging market countries tend to have a greater degree of economic, political and social instability than the United States and other developed countries. Such social, political and economic instability could disrupt the financial markets in which a Fund invests and adversely affect the value of its investment portfolio. Some of these countries may have in the past
 
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failed to recognize private property rights and have at times nationalized or expropriated the assets of private companies. In addition, unanticipated political or social developments may affect the value of investments in emerging markets and the availability of additional investments in these markets. The small size, limited trading volume and relative inexperience of the securities markets in these countries may make investments in securities traded in emerging markets illiquid and more volatile than investments in securities traded in more developed countries, and a Fund may be required to establish special custodial or other arrangements before making investments in securities traded in emerging markets. There may be little financial or accounting information available with respect to issuers of emerging market securities, and it may be difficult as a result to assess the value or prospects of an investment in such securities.
The securities markets of emerging market countries may be substantially smaller, less developed, less liquid and more volatile than the major securities markets in the United States and other developed nations. The limited size of many securities markets in emerging market countries and limited trading volume in issuers compared to the volume in U.S. securities or securities of issuers in other developed countries could cause prices to be erratic for reasons other than factors that affect the quality of the securities and investments in emerging markets can become illiquid. For example, limited market size may cause prices to be unduly influenced by traders who control large positions. Adverse publicity and investors’ perceptions, whether or not based on fundamental analysis, may decrease the value and liquidity of portfolio securities, especially in these markets. In addition, emerging market countries’ exchanges and broker-dealers may generally be subject to less regulation than their counterparts in developed countries. Emerging market securities markets, exchanges and market participants may lack the regulatory oversight and sophistication necessary to deter or detect market manipulation in such exchanges or markets, which may result in losses to the Fund to the extent it holds investments trading in such exchanges or markets. Brokerage commissions and dealer mark-ups, custodial expenses and other transaction costs are generally higher in emerging market countries than in developed countries. As a result, funds that invest in emerging market countries have operating expenses that are higher than funds investing in other securities markets.
Emerging market countries may have different clearance and settlement procedures than in the United States, including significantly longer settlement cycles for purchases and sales of securities, and in certain markets there may be times when settlements fail to keep pace with the volume of securities transactions, making it difficult to conduct such transactions. Further, custody practices abroad may offer less protection generally to investors, such as a Fund, and satisfactory custodial services for investment securities may not be available in some emerging market countries, which may result in a Fund incurring additional costs and delays in transporting and custodying such securities outside such countries. Delays in settlement or other problems could result in periods when assets of a Fund are uninvested and no return is earned thereon. The inability of a Fund to make intended security purchases due to settlement problems or the risk of intermediary counterparty failures could cause the Fund to miss attractive investment opportunities. The inability to dispose of a portfolio security due to settlement problems could result either in losses to a Fund due to subsequent declines in the value of such portfolio security or, if the Fund has entered into a contract to sell the security, could result in possible liability to the purchaser.
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, which regulates auditors of U.S. public companies, is unable to inspect audit work papers in certain foreign countries. Investors in foreign countries often have limited rights and few practical remedies to pursue shareholder claims, including class actions or fraud claims, and the ability of the SEC, the U.S. Department of Justice and other authorities to bring and enforce actions against foreign issuers or foreign persons is limited. Regulatory regimes outside of the United States may not require or enforce corporate governance standards comparable to that of the United States, which may result in less protections for investors in such issuers and make such issuers more susceptible to actions not in the best interest of the issuer or its investors.
In certain emerging market countries, governments participate to a significant degree, through ownership or regulation, in their respective economies. Action by these governments could have a significant adverse effect on market prices of securities and payment of dividends. In addition, most emerging market countries have experienced substantial, and in some periods extremely high, rates of inflation. Inflation and rapid fluctuation in inflation rates have had and may continue to have very negative effects on the economies and securities markets of certain emerging market countries.
The currencies of certain emerging market countries have sometimes experienced devaluations relative to the U.S. dollar, and future devaluations may adversely affect the value of assets denominated in such currencies. A devaluation of the currency in which portfolio securities are denominated will negatively impact the value of those securities. Many emerging market countries have experienced substantial, and in some periods extremely high, rates of inflation or deflation for many years, and future inflation may adversely affect the economies and securities markets of such countries. When debt and similar obligations issued by foreign issuers are denominated in a currency (e.g., the U.S. dollar or the euro) other than the local currency of the issuer, the subsequent strengthening of the non-local currency against the local currency will generally increase the burden of repayment on the issuer and may increase significantly the risk of default by the issuer.
 
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Emerging market countries have and may in the future impose capital controls, foreign currency controls and repatriation controls. In addition, some currency hedging techniques may be unavailable in emerging market countries, and the currencies of emerging market countries may experience greater volatility in exchange rates as compared to those of developed countries.
A Fund may invest in commodities or commodity-related investments that are found in or exported from emerging market countries or the values of which are affected significantly by economic or other conditions in emerging market countries.
Equity Issuer Risk
The market price of common stocks and other equity securities may go up or down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Equity securities may decline in value due to factors affecting equity securities markets generally, particularly industries represented in those markets, or the issuer itself. The values of equity securities may decline due to general market conditions that are not specifically related to a particular company, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for corporate earnings, changes in interest or currency rates, or adverse investor sentiment generally. They also may decline due to factors which affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry. In addition, the values of equity securities may decline for a number of reasons that may relate directly to the issuer, such as management performance, financial leverage, non-compliance with regulatory requirements, and reduced demand for the issuer’s goods or services. Equity securities generally have greater price volatility than bonds and other debt securities, although under certain market conditions various fixed income investments may have comparable or greater price volatility. The values of equity securities paying dividends at high rates may be more sensitive to change in interest rates than are other equity securities.
ETF-Related Risks
Authorized participant concentration risk: because the Fund is an ETF, only a limited number of Authorized Participants are authorized to purchase (or create) and redeem shares directly from the Fund. If these institutions exit the business or are unable to process creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund, or are unavailable to purchase and sell securities in connection with creation and/or redemption orders, as applicable, and no other Authorized Participant agrees to create or redeem, or purchase or sell securities, as applicable, the arbitrage mechanism for keeping the market price of Fund shares trading at or close to the Fund’s per share NAV may be impaired, and Fund shares may trade at a premium or discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting. These risks may be more pronounced in volatile markets, particularly where there are significant redemptions in ETFs generally.
Secondary market trading risk: shares of the Fund trade on the Exchange and face numerous trading risks, including the potential lack of an active market for Fund shares, losses from trading in secondary markets, periods of high volatility and disruptions in the creation/redemption process. Any of these factors, among others, may lead to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
 
   
absence of active market: although the Fund’s shares are currently listed for trading on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will develop or be maintained by market makers or Authorized Participants. Authorized Participants are not obligated to execute purchase or redemption orders for Creation Units. In periods of market volatility, market makers and/or Authorized Participants may be less willing to transact in Fund shares. The absence of an active market for the Fund’s shares may contribute to the Fund’s shares trading at a premium or discount to NAV.
The Funds’ shares may be listed or traded on exchanges or markets other than the Exchange (where each Fund’s primary listing is maintained), and may otherwise be made available to non-U.S. investors through funds or structured investment vehicles similar to depositary receipts. There can be no assurance that the Funds’ shares will continue to trade on any such stock exchange or in any market or that the Funds’ shares will continue to meet the requirements for listing or trading on any exchange or in any market, including the Exchange. The Funds’ shares may be less actively traded in certain markets than in others, and investors are subject to the execution and settlement risks and market standards of the market where they or their broker-dealer direct their trades for execution.
 
   
early close/trading halt/delisting risk: trading in Fund shares may be halted due to market conditions or for other reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in shares of a Fund inadvisable. Additionally, an exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell
 
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certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses. The Fund must satisfy various standards established by the Exchange in order to ensure that Fund shares can continue to be listed for trading. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met.
 
   
trading in fund shares is subject to expenses: most Fund investors will buy and sell Fund shares on the Exchange or on another secondary market. When buying or selling shares of the Fund, investors typically will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that a buyer is willing to pay for shares (the “bid” price) and the price at which a seller is willing to sell shares (the “ask” price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.” The spread varies over time for shares of a Fund based on trading volume and market liquidity, and is generally narrower if the Fund has more trading volume and market liquidity and is wider if the Fund has less trading volume and market liquidity. In addition, increased market volatility may cause increased spreads. There may also be regulatory and other charges that are incurred as a result of trading Fund shares.
 
   
fund shares may be sold short: shares of the Fund, similar to shares of other issuers listed on a stock exchange, may be sold short and are therefore subject to the risk of increased volatility and price decreases associated with short selling activity.
 
   
fund shares may trade at prices other than NAV: shares of the Fund trade on the Exchange at prices at, above or below the Fund’s most recent NAV. The NAV of the Fund is calculated at the end of each business day and fluctuates with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The trading price of the Fund’s shares fluctuates continuously throughout trading hours in response to relative supply of and demand for Fund shares on the Exchange and the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings or NAV. As a result, the trading prices of the Fund’s shares may deviate significantly from NAV during periods of market volatility, including during periods of high redemption requests or other unusual market conditions. ANY OF THESE FACTORS, AMONG OTHERS, MAY LEAD TO THE FUND’S SHARES TRADING AT A PREMIUM OR DISCOUNT TO NAV. Disruptions to creations and redemptions, the existence of extreme market volatility or potential lack of an active trading market for Fund shares may result in shares trading at a significant premium or discount to NAV and/or in a reduced liquidity of a shareholder’s investment. During such periods, shareholders may be unable to sell their shares, may pay significantly more than NAV when buying Fund shares, or may receive significantly less than NAV when selling Fund shares.
Financial Services Risk
Financial services companies are subject to extensive governmental regulation which may limit both the amounts and the types of loans and other financial commitments they can make, the interest rates and fees they can charge, the scope of their activities, the prices they can charge and the amount of capital they must maintain. Profitability is largely dependent on the availability and cost of capital funds and can fluctuate significantly when interest rates change or due to increased competition. In addition, deterioration of the credit markets generally may cause an adverse impact in a broad range of markets, including U.S. and international credit and interbank money markets generally, thereby affecting a wide range of financial institutions and markets. Certain events in the financial sector may cause an unusually high degree of volatility in the financial markets, both domestic and foreign, and cause certain financial services companies to incur large losses. Interconnectedness or interdependence among financial services companies increases the risk that the financial distress or failure of one financial services company may materially and adversely affect a number of other financial services companies. Securities of financial services companies may experience a dramatic decline in value when such companies experience substantial declines in the valuations of their assets, take action to raise capital (such as the issuance of debt or equity securities), or cease operations. Events leading to limited liquidity, defaults, non‑performance or other adverse developments that affect the financial services industry, or concerns or rumors about any events of these kinds, have in the past and may in the future lead to market-wide liquidity problems, may spread to other industries, and could negatively affect the value and liquidity of the Fund’s investments. For example, in response to the rapidly declining financial condition of regional banks Silicon Valley Bank (“SVB”) and Signature Bank (“Signature”), the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (the “CDFPI”) and the New York State Department of Financial Services (the “NYSDFS”) closed SVB and Signature on March 10, 2023 and March 12, 2023, respectively, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) was appointed as receiver for SVB and Signature. Although the U.S. Department of the Treasury, the Federal Reserve and the FDIC have taken measures to stabilize the financial system, uncertainty and liquidity concerns in the broader financial services industry remain. Additionally, should there be additional systemic pressure on the financial system and capital markets, there can be no assurances of the response of
 
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any government or regulator, and any response may not be as favorable to industry participants as the measures currently being pursued. In addition, highly publicized issues related to the U.S. and global capital markets in the past have led to significant and widespread investor concerns over the integrity of the capital markets. The current situation related to SVB, Signature and other regional banks could in the future lead to further rules and regulations for public companies, banks, financial institutions and other participants in the U.S. and global capital markets, and complying with the requirements of any such rules or regulations may be burdensome. Even if not adopted, evaluating and responding to any such proposed rules or regulations could result in increased costs and require significant attention from the Adviser. Separately, credit losses resulting from financial difficulties of borrowers can negatively impact the sector, especially when financial services companies are exposed to non‑diversified or concentrated loan portfolios. Financial losses associated with investment activities can negatively impact the sector, especially when financial services companies are exposed to financial leverage. Insurance companies may be subject to severe price competition. Adverse economic, business or political developments could adversely affect financial institutions engaged in mortgage finance or other lending or investing activities directly or indirectly connected to the value of real estate.
Foreign Currency Risk
Currency risk is the risk that fluctuations in exchange rates may adversely affect the value of a Fund’s investments. Currency risk includes both the risk that currencies in which a Fund’s investments are traded and/or in which the Fund receives income, or currencies in which the Fund has taken an active investment position, will decline in value relative to other currencies. In the case of hedging positions, currency risk includes the risk that the currency a Fund is seeking exposure to will decline in value relative to the foreign currency being hedged. Currency exchange rates fluctuate significantly for many reasons, including changes in supply and demand in the currency exchange markets, actual or perceived changes in interest rates, intervention (or the failure to intervene) by U.S. or foreign governments, central banks, or supranational agencies such as the International Monetary Fund, and currency controls or other political and economic developments in the United States or abroad. Currencies of emerging market countries have sometimes experienced devaluations relative to the U.S. dollar, and major devaluations have historically occurred in certain countries. A devaluation of the currency in which portfolio securities are denominated will negatively impact the value of those securities.
Except as otherwise provided in a Fund’s principal investment strategies, a Fund may take derivatives (or spot) positions in currencies to which the Fund is exposed through its investments. This presents the risk that a Fund could lose money on both its currency exposure through a portfolio investment and its currency exposure through a derivatives (or spot) position. A Fund may take overweighted or underweighted currency positions and/or hedge the currency exposure of the securities in which it has invested. A Fund may take positions in currencies different from the currencies in which its portfolio investments are denominated. As a result, a Fund’s currency exposure may differ (in some cases significantly) from the currency exposure of its investments and/or its benchmarks.
Exposure to emerging market currencies may entail greater risk than exposure to developed market currencies. Please see “Emerging Market Country Risk” in this section for more information.
Foreign Investing Risk
Investments in foreign securities or in issuers with significant exposure to foreign markets may involve greater risks than investments in domestic securities. To the extent that investments are made in a limited number of countries, events in those countries will have a more significant impact on the Fund.
As compared to U.S. companies, foreign issuers generally disclose less financial and other information publicly and are subject to less stringent and less uniform accounting, auditing, and financial reporting standards. In addition, there may be limited information generally regarding factors affecting a particular foreign market, issuer, or security.
Foreign countries typically impose less thorough regulations on brokers, dealers, stock exchanges, corporate insiders and listed companies than does the United States and foreign securities markets may be less liquid and more volatile than domestic markets. Investment in foreign securities involves higher costs than investment in U.S. securities, including higher transaction and custody costs as well as the imposition of additional taxes by foreign governments, and as a result investments in foreign securities may be subject to issues relating to security registration or settlement. In addition, security trading and custody practices abroad may offer less protection to investors such as the Funds. Political, social or financial instability, civil unrest, geopolitical tensions, wars and acts of terrorism are other potential risks that could adversely affect an investment in a foreign security or in foreign markets or issuers generally. Settlement of transactions in some foreign markets may be delayed or may be less frequent than in the United States which could affect the liquidity of a Fund’s portfolio. Custody practices and regulations abroad may offer less protection to investors, such as the Funds, and a Fund may be limited in its ability to enforce contractual rights or obligations.
 
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Because foreign securities generally are denominated and pay dividends or interest in foreign currencies, and a Fund may hold various foreign currencies from time to time, the value of a Fund’s assets, as measured in U.S. dollars, can be affected unfavorably by changes in exchange rates with respect to the U.S. dollar or with respect to other foreign currencies or by unfavorable currency regulations imposed by foreign governments. If the Fund invests in securities issued by foreign issuers, the Fund may be subject to these risks even if the investment is denominated in United States dollars. This risk may be heightened with respect to issuers whose revenues are principally earned in a foreign currency but whose debt obligations have been issued in United States dollars or other hard currencies.
Because foreign securities generally are denominated and pay dividends or interest in foreign currencies, and a Fund may hold various foreign currencies from time to time, the value of the Fund’s assets, as measured in U.S. dollars, can be affected unfavorably by changes in exchange rates with respect to the U.S. dollar or with respect to other foreign currencies or by unfavorable currency regulations imposed by foreign governments. If the Fund invests in securities issued by foreign issuers, the Fund may be subject to these risks even if the investment is denominated in United States dollars. This risk may be heightened with respect to issuers whose revenues are principally earned in a foreign currency but whose debt obligations have been issued in United States dollars or other hard currencies.
Foreign issuers may become subject to sanctions imposed by the United States or another country or other governmental or non-governmental organizations, which could result in the immediate freeze of the foreign issuers’ assets or securities and/or make their securities worthless. The imposition of such sanctions, such as sanctions imposed against Russia, Russian entities and Russian individuals in 2022, could impair the market value of the securities of such foreign issuers and limit a Fund’s ability to buy, sell, receive or deliver the securities. Sanctions, or the threat of sanctions, may cause volatility in regional and global markets and may negatively impact the performance of various sectors and industries, as well as companies in other countries, which could have a negative effect on the performance of a Fund.
Continuing uncertainty as to the status of the European Economic and Monetary Union (“EMU”) and the potential for certain countries to withdraw from the institution has created significant volatility in currency and financial markets generally. Any partial or complete dissolution of the EU could have significant adverse effects on currency and financial markets, and on the values of a Fund’s portfolio investments. On January 31, 2020, the UK left the EU (commonly known as “Brexit”). An agreement between the UK and the EU governing their future trade relationship became effective January 1, 2021, but critical aspects of the relationship remain unresolved and subject to further negotiation and agreement. Brexit has resulted in volatility in European and global markets and could have negative long-term impacts on financial markets in the UK and throughout Europe. There is still considerable uncertainty relating to the potential consequences of the exit and whether the UK’s exit will increase the likelihood of other countries also departing the EU. During this period of uncertainty, the negative impact on not only the UK and European economies, but the broader global economy, could be significant, potentially resulting in increased market volatility and illiquidity, political, economic, and legal uncertainty, and lower economic growth for companies that rely significantly on Europe for their business activities and revenues. Any further exits from the EU, or the possibility of such exits, or the abandonment of the euro, may cause additional market disruption globally and introduce new legal and regulatory uncertainties.
If one or more EMU countries were to stop using the euro as its primary currency, a Fund’s investments in such countries may be redenominated into a different or newly adopted currency. As a result, the value of those investments could decline significantly and unpredictably. In addition, securities or other investments that are redenominated may be subject to liquidity risk and the risk that a Fund may not be able to value investments accurately to a greater extent than similar investments currently denominated in euros. To the extent a currency used for redenomination purposes is not specified in respect of certain EMU-related investments, or should the euro cease to be used entirely, the currency in which such investments are denominated may be unclear, making such investments particularly difficult to value or dispose of. A Fund may incur additional expenses to the extent it is required to seek judicial or other clarification of the denomination or value of such securities.
High Yield Risk
Debt instruments rated below investment grade or debt instruments that are unrated and of comparable or lesser quality are predominantly speculative. They are usually issued by companies without long track records of sales and earnings or by companies with questionable credit strength. These instruments, commonly known as “junk bonds,” have a higher degree of default risk and may be less liquid than higher-rated bonds. These instruments may be subject to greater price volatility due to such factors as specific corporate developments, interest rate sensitivity, negative perceptions of high yield investments generally, general economic downturn, and less secondary market liquidity. This potential lack of liquidity may make it more difficult for a Fund to value these instruments accurately. An economic downturn could severely affect the ability of issuers (particularly those that are highly leveraged) to service their debt obligations or to repay their obligations upon maturity.
 
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Index Risk
While index sponsors generally provide descriptions of what an index is designed to achieve, index providers do not generally provide any warranty or guarantee or accept any liability in relation to the quality, accuracy or completeness of data in respect of their indexes, and do not guarantee that the published indexes will be in line with their described index methodologies. The Funds and the Adviser similarly do not provide any warranty, guarantee or acceptance of liability for an index or the data used.
Errors in respect of the accuracy or completeness of the data underlying an index may occur from time to time and may not be identified and corrected for a period of time, if at all. In addition, errors may arise in carrying out an index’s methodology, or an index provider may incorrectly report information concerning the index. These risks may be particularly prevalent where an index is less commonly used. For example, during a period where an index contains incorrect constituents or when an index provider reports incorrect information regarding index constituents, a Fund may have market exposure to investments that are not constituents of the index and may have over- or under-exposure to the index’s correct constituents. As such, errors may potentially result in a negative or positive performance impact to a Fund and its shareholders, and may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective. Further, apart from scheduled rebalances, index providers may carry out additional ad hoc rebalances to their underlying indexes in order, for example, to correct an error in the selection of index constituents. Where an index is rebalanced and a Fund in turn rebalances its portfolio to bring it in line with such index, any transaction and trading costs (including among other things any bid/ask spreads) arising from such portfolio rebalancing will be borne by the Fund.
Calculation of an index’s return reflects the deduction of an amount intended to represent an estimate of the transaction costs of buying and selling the index’s constituents, which will have the effect of reducing the index’s return.
Although a Fund or the Adviser may license from an index’s sponsor the right to use an index as part of implementing the Fund’s principal investment strategies, there can be no guarantee that the index will be maintained indefinitely or that the Fund will be able to continue to utilize the selected index to implement its principal investment strategies indefinitely. In addition, other events could result in the Fund no longer having the ability to utilize an index to implement its principal investment strategies (e.g., a Fund may no longer be able to create cost-effective synthetic investment exposure to an index to pursue all of its principal investment strategies). In such instances, the Adviser or the Board of Trustees may substitute an index with another index that they choose in their sole discretion and without advance notice to the shareholders. If a Fund selects and uses one or more other indices or other investments as part of its principal investment strategies, there can be no assurance that any substitute index, or basket of securities or commodities and other investments, selected will be similar to an index or basket previously used by the Fund or will perform in a manner similar to such index or basket. Unavailability of an index (or a similar index) could affect adversely the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objective or desired exposures. The manner in and extent to which a Fund gains exposure to an index may be limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify for treatment as a regulated investment company for U.S. federal income tax purposes and may bear on the Fund’s ability to so qualify.
Inflation-Indexed Bond Risk
Inflation-indexed bonds are fixed income securities whose principal values are periodically adjusted according to a measure of inflation. If the index measuring inflation falls, the principal value of inflation-indexed bonds will be adjusted downward, and consequently the interest payable on these securities (calculated with respect to a smaller principal amount) will be reduced. Repayment of the original bond principal upon maturity (as adjusted for inflation) is guaranteed in the case of U.S. Treasury inflation-indexed bonds. For bonds that do not provide a similar guarantee, the adjusted principal value of the bond repaid at maturity may be less than the original principal. With regard to municipal inflation-indexed bonds and certain corporate inflation-indexed bonds, the inflation adjustment is reflected in the semi-annual coupon payment. As a result, the principal value of municipal inflation-indexed bonds and such corporate inflation-indexed bonds does not adjust according to the rate of inflation. The value of inflation-indexed bonds is expected to change in response to changes in real interest rates. Real interest rates are tied to the relationship between nominal interest rates and the rate of inflation. If nominal interest rates increase at a faster rate than inflation, real interest rates may rise, leading to a decrease in value of inflation-indexed bonds. Inflation-indexed bonds may cause a potential cash flow mismatch to investors, because an increase in the principal amount of an inflation-indexed bond will be treated as interest income currently subject to tax at ordinary income rates even though investors will not receive repayment of principal until maturity. If a Fund invests in such bonds, it will be required to distribute such interest income in order to qualify for treatment as a regulated investment company and eliminate the Fund-level tax, without a corresponding receipt of cash, and therefore may be required to dispose of portfolio securities at a time when it may not be advantageous to do so in order to make such distributions.
Investment Company and Exchange-Traded Fund Risk
Investments in open-end and closed-end investment companies, and other pooled investment vehicles, including any ETFs or money market funds, involve substantially the same risks as investing directly in the instruments held by these entities.
 
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However, the total return from such investments will be reduced by the operating expenses and fees of the investment company or ETF. A Fund must pay its pro rata portion of an investment company’s or ETF’s fees and expenses. To the extent the Adviser determines to invest Fund assets in other investment companies, the Adviser will have an incentive to invest in other investment vehicles sponsored or advised by the Adviser or a related party of the Adviser (“other DoubleLine funds”) or other investment products sponsored or managed by DoubleLine or its related parties over investment companies or products sponsored or managed by others and to maintain such investments once made due to its own financial interest in those products and other business considerations. For example, the Adviser or its related parties may receive fees based on the amount of assets invested in such other investment vehicles, which fees may be higher than the fees the Adviser receives for managing a Fund. Investment by a Fund in those other vehicles may be beneficial in the management of those other vehicles, by helping to achieve economies of scale or enhancing cash flows. The Funds’ Adviser or the adviser to such other DoubleLine funds will reduce their advisory fees to avoid payment of fees by the Funds for duplicative advisory services. This reduction in advisory fees will reduce, but will not eliminate, the conflicts described above.
Any investment company or ETF in which a Fund invests may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the Fund’s performance. Shares of a closed-end investment company or ETF may expose a Fund to risks associated with leverage and may trade at a premium or discount to the NAV of the closed-end fund’s or the ETF’s portfolio securities depending on a variety of factors, including market supply and demand. Money market mutual funds in which a Fund may invest are subject to Rule 2a-7 of the 1940 Act, and invest in a variety of short-term, high quality, dollar-denominated money market instruments. Money market funds are not designed to offer capital appreciation. In addition, certain money market funds may impose a fee upon the sale of shares or may temporarily suspend the ability of investors to redeem shares if such a fund’s liquidity falls below required minimums, which may adversely affect a Fund’s returns or liquidity.
Large Shareholder Risk
Certain account holders, including the Adviser or funds or accounts over which the Adviser (or a related party of the Adviser) has investment discretion, may from time to time own or control a significant percentage of a Fund’s shares. For example, the Adviser and/or its related parties currently provide asset allocation investment advice, including recommending the purchase and/or sale of shares of the Funds, to a number of large investors, and a large percentage of the DoubleLine Multi-Asset Growth Fund’s shares are currently held by such investors. The Funds are subject to the risk that a redemption by large shareholders of all or a portion of their Fund shares or a purchase of Fund shares in large amounts and/or on a frequent basis, including as a result of asset allocation decisions made by the Adviser (or a related party of the Adviser), will adversely affect a Fund’s performance if it is forced to sell portfolio securities or invest cash when the Adviser would not otherwise choose to do so. This risk will be particularly pronounced if one shareholder owns a substantial portion of the Fund. Redemptions of a large number of shares may affect the liquidity of a Fund’s portfolio, increase the Fund’s transaction costs and/or lead to the liquidation of the Fund. Such transactions also potentially limit the use of any capital loss carryforwards and certain other losses to offset future realized capital gains (if any). Shareholder redemptions can only be effected in Creation Units.
Leveraging Risk
The Funds may use or create investment leverage in seeking to achieve their respective investment objective. Certain transactions, including, for example, when-issued, delayed-delivery, and forward commitment purchases, inverse floaters, loans of portfolio securities, repurchase agreements (or reverse repurchase agreements), and the use of some derivatives, can result in leverage. In addition, a Fund may achieve investment leverage by borrowing money. Leverage generally has the effect of increasing the amounts of loss or gain the Fund might realize, and creates the likelihood of greater volatility of the value of the Fund’s investments. In transactions involving leverage, a relatively small market movement or change in other underlying indicator can lead to significantly larger losses to a Fund. There is risk of loss in excess of invested capital. Certain derivatives have the potential for unlimited loss, regardless of the size of the initial investment. The use of leverage may also require a Fund to liquidate its other holdings at disadvantageous times and prices in order to satisfy repayment, interest payment or margin obligations. See “Derivatives Risk” herein and “Borrowing Risk” in the SAI.
Limited Operating History Risk
The Funds have a limited operating history for investors to evaluate. Accordingly, the Funds may not attract sufficient assets to achieve or maximize investment and operational efficiencies and remain viable. If the Funds fail to achieve sufficient scale, they may be liquidated.
Liquidity Risk
Liquidity risk is the risk that a Fund may invest in securities that trade in lower volumes and may be less liquid than other investments or that the Fund’s investments may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor
 
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perceptions. Illiquidity may be the result of, for example, low trading volumes, lack of a market maker, or contractual or legal restrictions that limit or prevent a Fund from selling securities or closing positions. When there is no willing buyer and investments cannot be readily sold or closed out, a Fund may have to sell an investment at a lower price than the price at which the Fund is carrying the investments, may not be able to sell the investments at all, may miss other investment opportunities and may hold investments it would prefer to sell, any of which would have a negative effect on the Fund’s performance and may cause a Fund to hold an investment longer than the Adviser would otherwise determine. It is possible that a Fund may be unable to sell a portfolio investment at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment or that the Fund may be forced to sell large amounts of securities more quickly than it normally would in the ordinary course of business. In such a case, the sale proceeds received by the Fund may be substantially less than if the Fund had been able to sell the securities in more-orderly transactions, and the sale price may be substantially lower than the price previously used by the Fund to value the securities for purposes of determining the Fund’s NAV. In addition, if a Fund sells investments with extended settlement times (e.g., certain kinds of loans (see “Loan Risk”)), the settlement proceeds from the sales will not be available to meet the Fund’s redemption obligations for a substantial period of time. In order to honor redemptions pending settlement of such investments, a Fund may be forced to sell other investment positions with shorter settlement cycles when the Fund would not otherwise have done so, which may adversely affect a Fund’s performance. If another fund or investment pool in which a Fund invests is not publicly offered or there is no public market for its shares or accepts investments subject to certain legal restrictions, such as lock-up periods implemented by private funds, a Fund will typically be prohibited by the terms of its investment from selling or redeeming its shares in the fund or pool, or may not be able to find a buyer for those shares at an acceptable price. Additionally, the market for certain investments may become illiquid under adverse market or economic conditions (e.g., if interest rates rise or fall significantly, if there is significant inflation or deflation, increased selling of debt securities generally across other funds, pools and accounts, changes in investor perception, geopolitical events (such as trading halts, sanctions or wars), or changes in government intervention in the financial markets) independent of any specific adverse changes in the conditions of a particular issuer. In such cases, shares of the Fund, due to limitations on investments in illiquid securities and the difficulty in purchasing and selling such securities or instruments, may decline in value or the Fund may be unable to achieve its desired level of exposure to a certain issuer or sector. During periods of substantial market disruption, a large portion of the Fund’s assets could potentially experience significant levels of illiquidity. The values of illiquid investments are often more volatile than the values of more liquid investments. It may be more difficult for a Fund to determine a fair value of an illiquid investment than those of more liquid comparable investments.
Bond markets have consistently grown over the past three decades while the growth of capacity for traditional dealer counterparties to engage in fixed income trading has not kept pace and in some cases has decreased. As a result, dealer inventories of certain types of bonds and similar instruments, which provide a core indication of the ability of financial intermediaries to “make markets,” are at or near historic lows in relation to market size. Because market makers provide stability to a market through their intermediary services, the significant reduction in dealer inventories could potentially lead to decreased liquidity and increased volatility in the fixed income markets. Such issues may be exacerbated during periods of economic uncertainty.
Loan Risk
Investments in loans are generally subject to the same risks as investments in other types of debt obligations, including, among others, credit risk, interest rate risk, prepayment risk, and extension risk. In addition, in many cases loans are subject to the risks associated with below-investment grade securities. This means loans are often subject to significant credit risks, including a greater possibility that the borrower will be adversely affected by changes in market or economic conditions and may default or enter bankruptcy. This risk of default will increase in the event of an economic downturn or a substantial increase in interest rates (which will increase the cost of the borrower’s debt service). The risks of investing in loans include the risk that the borrowers on loans held by a Fund may be unable to honor their payment obligations due to adverse conditions in the industry or industries in which they operate.
The interest rates on floating rate loans typically adjust only periodically. Accordingly, adjustments in the interest rate payable under a loan may trail prevailing interest rates significantly, especially if there are limitations placed on the amount the interest rate on a loan may adjust in a given period. Certain floating rate loans have a feature that prevents their interest rates from adjusting if market interest rates are below a specified minimum level. When interest rates are low, this feature could result in the interest rates of those loans becoming fixed at the applicable minimum level until interest rates rise above that level. Although this feature is intended to result in these loans yielding more than they otherwise would when interest rates are low, the feature might also result in the prices of these loans becoming more sensitive to changes in interest rates should interest rates rise but remain below the applicable minimum level.
In addition, investments in loans may be difficult to value and may be illiquid. Floating rate loans generally are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale. The liquidity of floating rate loans, including the volume and frequency of secondary
 
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market trading in such loans, varies significantly over time and among individual floating rate loans. For example, if the credit quality of the borrower related to a floating rate loan unexpectedly declines significantly, secondary market trading in that floating rate loan can also decline. The secondary market for loans may be subject to irregular trading activity, wide bid/ask spreads, and extended trade settlement periods, which may increase the expenses of a Fund or cause the Fund to be unable to realize the full value of its investment in the loan, resulting in a material decline in the Fund’s NAV.
During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for loans may become highly illiquid. In such an event, a Fund may find it difficult to sell loans it holds, and, for loans it is able to sell in such circumstances, the trade settlement period may be longer than anticipated.
Investments in loans through a purchase of a loan, loan origination or a direct assignment of a financial institution’s interests with respect to a loan may involve additional risks to a Fund. For example, if a loan is foreclosed, a Fund could become owner, in whole or in part, of any collateral, which could include, among other assets, real estate or other real or personal property, and would bear the costs and liabilities associated with owning and holding or disposing of the collateral. In addition, it is conceivable that under emerging legal theories of lender liability, a Fund as holder of a partial interest in a loan could be held liable as co-lender for acts of the agent lender.
Loans and certain other forms of direct indebtedness may not be classified as “securities” under the federal securities laws and, therefore, when a Fund purchases such instruments, it may not be entitled to the protections against fraud and misrepresentation contained in the federal securities laws. In addition, a limited number of states require purchasers of certain loans, primarily consumer loans, to be licensed or registered in order to own the loans or, in certain states, to collect a rate of interest above a specified rate. As of the date of this Prospectus, each Fund does not hold any such license or registration in any states where a license or registration is required, and there can be no assurance that any Fund will timely or ever obtain any such licenses or registration.
During periods of deteriorating economic conditions, such as recessions or periods of rising unemployment, delinquencies and losses generally increase, sometimes dramatically, with respect to loans.
Additional risks of investments in loans may include:
Agent/Intermediary Risk. If a Fund holds a loan through another financial intermediary, as is the case with a participation, or relies on another financial intermediary to administer the loan, as is the case with most multi-lender facilities, the Fund’s receipt of principal and interest on the loan and the value of the Fund’s loan investment will depend at least in part on the credit standing of the financial intermediary and therefore will be subject to the credit risk of the intermediary. The Fund will be required to rely upon the financial intermediary from which it purchases a participation interest to collect and pass on to the Fund such payments and to enforce the Fund’s rights and may not be able to cause the financial intermediary to take what it considers to be appropriate action. As a result, an insolvency, bankruptcy or reorganization of the financial intermediary may delay or prevent the Fund from receiving principal, interest and other amounts with respect to the Fund’s interest in the loan. In addition, if a Fund relies on a financial intermediary to administer a loan, the Fund is subject to the risk that the financial intermediary may be unwilling or unable to demand and receive payments from the borrower in respect of the loan, or otherwise unwilling or unable to perform its administrative obligations.
Collateral Impairment Risk. Even if a loan to which the Fund is exposed is secured, there can be no assurance that the collateral will, when recovered and liquidated, generate sufficient (or any) funds to offset any losses associated with a defaulting loan. This risk is increased if the Fund’s loans are secured by a single asset. In addition, a Fund’s interest in collateral securing a loan may be found invalid or may be used to pay other outstanding obligations of the borrower under applicable law. In the event that a borrower defaults, a Fund’s access to the collateral may be limited by bankruptcy and other insolvency laws. There is also the risk that the collateral may be difficult to liquidate, that all or some of the collateral may be illiquid, or that a Fund’s rights to collateral may be limited by bankruptcy or insolvency laws. A Fund may have to participate in legal proceedings or take possession of and manage assets that secure the issuer’s obligations. This could increase a Fund’s operating expenses and decrease its NAV.
Highly Leveraged Transactions Risk. A Fund may invest in loans made in connection with highly leveraged transactions. These transactions may include operating loans, leveraged buyout loans, leveraged capitalization loans and other types of acquisition financing. Those loans are subject to greater credit and liquidity risks than other types of loans. If a Fund voluntarily or involuntarily sold those types of loans, it might not receive the full value it expected.
Stressed, Distressed or Defaulted Borrowers Risk. A Fund can also invest in loans of borrowers that are experiencing, or are likely to experience, financial difficulty. These loans are subject to greater credit and liquidity risks than other types of
 
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loans and are generally considered speculative. In addition, a Fund can invest in loans of borrowers that have filed for bankruptcy protection or that have had involuntary bankruptcy petitions filed against them by creditors. Various laws enacted for the protection of debtors may apply to loans. A bankruptcy proceeding or other court proceeding could delay or limit the ability of a Fund to collect the principal and interest payments on that borrower’s loans or adversely affect a Fund’s rights in collateral relating to a loan. If a lawsuit is brought by creditors of a borrower under a loan, a court or a trustee in bankruptcy could take certain actions that would be adverse to a Fund. For example:
 
   
Other creditors might convince the court to set aside a loan or the collateralization of the loan as a “fraudulent conveyance” or “preferential transfer.” In that event, the court could recover from the Fund the interest and principal payments that the borrower made before becoming insolvent. There can be no assurance that the Fund would be able to prevent that recapture.
 
   
A bankruptcy court may restructure the payment obligations under the loan so as to reduce the amount to which the Fund would be entitled.
 
   
The court might discharge the amount of the loan that exceeds the value of the collateral.
 
   
The court could subordinate the Fund’s rights to the rights of other creditors of the borrower under applicable law, decreasing, potentially significantly, the likelihood of any recovery on the Fund’s investment.
Limited Information Risk. Because there is limited public information available regarding loan investments, a Fund’s investments in such instruments are particularly dependent on the analytical abilities of the Fund’s portfolio managers.
Interest Rate Benchmarks Risk. Interest rates on loans typically adjust periodically, often based on changes in a benchmark rate plus a premium or spread over the benchmark rate. The benchmark rate may be the Secured Overnight Financing Rate , the Prime Rate, or other base lending rates used by commercial lenders (each as defined in the applicable loan agreement).
Some benchmark rates may reset daily; others reset less frequently. Certain floating or variable rate loans may permit the borrower to select an interest rate reset period of up to one year or longer. Investing in loans with longer interest rate reset periods may increase fluctuations in a Fund’s NAV as a result of changes in interest rates. Interest rates on loans with longer periods between benchmark resets will typically trail market interest rates in a rising interest rate environment.
Certain loans may permit the borrower to change the base lending or benchmark rate during the term of the loan. One benchmark rate may not adjust to changing market or interest rates to the same degree or as rapidly as another, permitting the borrower the option to select the benchmark rate that is most advantageous to it and less advantageous to the Fund. To the extent the borrower elects this option, the interest income and total return the Fund earns on the investment may be adversely affected as compared to other investments where the borrower does not have the option to change the base lending or benchmark rate.
Restrictive Loan Covenants Risk. Borrowers must comply with various restrictive covenants that may be contained in loan agreements. They may include restrictions on dividend payments and other distributions to stockholders, provisions requiring the borrower to maintain specific financial ratios, and limits on total debt. They may include requirements that the borrower prepay the loan with any free cash flow. A break of a covenant that is not waived by the agent bank (or the lenders) is normally an event of default that provides the agent bank or the lenders the right to call the outstanding amount on the loan. If a lender accelerates the repayment of a loan because of the borrower’s violation of a restrictive covenant under the loan agreement, the borrower might default in payment of the loan.
Some of the loans in which a Fund may invest or to which a Fund may obtain exposure may be “covenant-lite.” Such loans contain fewer or less restrictive constraints on the borrower than certain other types of loans. Such loans generally do not include terms which allow the lender to monitor the performance of the borrower and declare a default or force a borrower into bankruptcy restructuring if certain criteria are breached. Under such loans, lenders typically must rely on covenants that restrict a borrower from incurring additional debt or engaging in certain actions. Such covenants can be breached only by an affirmative action of the borrower, rather than by a deterioration in the borrower’s financial condition. Accordingly, a Fund may have fewer rights against a borrower when it invests in or has exposure to such loans and so may have a greater risk of loss on such investments as compared to investments in or exposure to loans with additional or more conventional covenants.
Senior Loan and Subordination Risk. In addition to the risks typically associated with debt securities and loans generally, senior loans are also subject to the risk that a court could subordinate a senior loan, which typically holds a senior
 
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position in the capital structure of a borrower, to presently existing or future indebtedness or take other action detrimental to the holders of senior loans.
A Fund’s investments in senior loans may be collateralized with one or more of (1) working capital assets, such as accounts receivable and inventory, (2) tangible fixed assets, such as real property, buildings and equipment, (3) intangible assets such as trademarks or patents, or (4) security interests in shares of stock of the borrower or its subsidiaries or affiliates. In the case of loans to a non-public company, the company’s shareholders or owners may provide collateral in the form of secured guarantees and/or security interests in assets they own. However, the value of the collateral may decline after a Fund buys the senior loan, particularly if the collateral consists of equity securities of the borrower or its affiliates. If a borrower defaults, insolvency laws may limit a Fund’s access to the collateral, or the lenders may be unable to liquidate the collateral. A bankruptcy court might find that the collateral securing the senior loan is invalid or require the borrower to use the collateral to pay other outstanding obligations. If the collateral consists of stock of the borrower or its subsidiaries, the stock may lose all of its value in the event of a bankruptcy, which would leave the Fund exposed to greater potential loss. As a result, a collateralized senior loan may not be fully collateralized and can decline significantly in value.
If a borrower defaults on a collateralized senior loan, a Fund may receive assets other than cash or securities in full or partial satisfaction of the borrower’s obligation under the senior loan. Those assets may be illiquid, and a Fund might not be able to realize the benefit of the assets for legal, practical or other reasons. A Fund might hold those assets until the Adviser determined it was appropriate to dispose of them. If the collateral becomes illiquid or loses some or all of its value, the collateral may not be sufficient to protect a Fund in the event of a default of scheduled interest or principal payments.
A Fund can invest in senior loans that are not secured. If the borrower is unable to pay interest or defaults in the payment of principal, there will be no collateral on which the Fund can foreclose. Therefore, these loans typically present greater risks than collateralized senior loans.
Due to restrictions on transfers in loan agreements and the nature of the private syndication of senior loans including, for example, the lack of publicly-available information, some senior loans are not as easily purchased or sold as publicly-traded securities. Some senior loans and other Fund investments are illiquid, which may make it difficult for a Fund to value them or dispose of them at an acceptable price. Direct investments in senior loans and investments in participation interests in or assignments of senior loans may be limited.
Settlement Risk. Transactions in many loans settle on a delayed basis, and a Fund may not receive the proceeds from the sale of such loans for a substantial period after the sale. As a result, sale proceeds related to the sale of such loans may not be available to make additional investments or to meet a Fund’s redemption obligations until potentially a substantial period after the sale of the loans.
Servicer Risk. A Fund’s direct and indirect investments in loans are typically serviced by the originating lender or a third-party servicer. In the event that the servicer is unable to service the loan, there can be no guarantee that a backup servicer will be able to assume responsibility for servicing the loans in a timely or cost-effective manner; any resulting disruption or delay could jeopardize payments due to a Fund in respect of its investments or increase the costs associated with a Fund’s investments.
Foreign Loan Risk. Loans involving foreign borrowers may involve risks not ordinarily associated with exposure to loans to U.S. entities and individuals. The foreign lending industry may be subject to less governmental supervision and regulation than exists in the United States; conversely, foreign regulatory regimes applicable to the lending industry may be more complex and more restrictive than those in the United States, resulting in higher costs associated with such investments, and such regulatory regimes may be subject to interpretation or change without prior notice to investors, such as a Fund. Foreign lending may not be subject to accounting, auditing, and financial reporting standards and practices comparable to those in the United States. Due to differences in legal systems, there may be difficulty in obtaining or enforcing a court judgment outside the United States.
Lender Liability. A number of judicial decisions have upheld judgments of borrowers against lending institutions on the basis of various evolving legal theories, collectively termed “lender liability.” Generally, lender liability is founded on the premise that a lender has violated a duty (whether implied or contractual) of good faith, commercial reasonableness and fair dealing, or a similar duty owed to the borrower or has assumed an excessive degree of control over the borrower resulting in the creation of a fiduciary duty owed to the borrower or its other creditors or shareholders. If a loan held by a Fund were found to have been made or serviced under circumstances that give rise to lender liability, the borrower’s
 
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obligation to repay that loan could be reduced or eliminated or a Fund’s recovery on that loan could be otherwise impaired, which would adversely impact the value of that loan. In limited cases, courts have subordinated the loans of a senior lender to a borrower to claims of other creditors of the borrower when the senior lender or its agents, such as a loan servicer, is found to have engaged in unfair, inequitable or fraudulent conduct with respect to the other creditors. If a loan held by a Fund were subject to such subordination, it would be junior in right of payment to other indebtedness of the borrower, which could adversely impact the value of that loan.
Market Capitalization Risk
Stocks fall into three broad market capitalization categories — large, medium and small. A Fund that invests substantially in one of these categories carries the risk that due to current market conditions that category may be out of favor with investors.
If valuations of large capitalization companies appear to be greatly out of proportion to the valuations of small or medium capitalization companies, investors may migrate to the stocks of small and medium-sized companies. Larger, more established companies may be unable to respond quickly to new competitive challenges such as changes in technology and consumer tastes. Larger companies also may not be able to attain the high growth rates of successful smaller companies.
Investing in medium and small capitalization companies may involve special risks because those companies may have a narrower focus, more limited financial resources, fewer experienced managers, dependence on a few key employees, a more limited trading market for their stocks, and less publicly available information, as compared with larger companies. In addition, securities of these companies are subject to the risk that, during certain periods, the liquidity of particular issuers or industries will shrink or disappear with little forewarning as a result of adverse economic or market conditions, or adverse investor perceptions, whether or not accurate. Securities of medium and smaller capitalization issuers may therefore be subject to greater price volatility and may decline more significantly in market downturns than securities of larger companies. Smaller and medium capitalization issuers may also require substantial additional capital to support their operations, to finance expansion or to maintain their competitive position; and may have substantial borrowings or may otherwise have a weak financial condition, and may be susceptible to bankruptcy. Transaction costs for these investments are often higher than those of larger capitalization companies. There is typically less publicly available information about medium and small capitalization companies.
Market Risk
Various market risks can affect the price or liquidity of an issuer’s securities in which a Fund may invest. The prices of investments can fall rapidly in response to developments affecting a specific company, industry, sector or asset class, or to changing economic, political, demographic, market or other conditions that can affect markets broadly, including disruptions caused by trade disputes, natural disasters, epidemics or pandemics, terrorism, or other events.
Returns from the securities in which a Fund invests may underperform returns from the various general securities markets. Different types of securities tend to go through cycles of outperformance and underperformance in comparison to the general securities markets. Adverse events occurring with respect to an issuer’s performance or financial position can depress the value of the issuer’s securities. The liquidity in a market for a particular security will affect its value and may be affected by factors relating to the issuer, as well as the depth of the market for that security. Other market risks that can affect value include a market’s current attitudes about types of securities, market reactions to political or economic events, including litigation, and tax and regulatory effects (including lack of adequate regulations for a market or particular type of instrument).
During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for some or all of a Fund’s investments may become highly illiquid. In such an event, a Fund may find it difficult to sell its investments, and, for investments it is able to sell in such circumstances, the sales price may be significantly lower, and the trade settlement period may be longer, than anticipated.
Events leading to limited liquidity, defaults, non-performance or other adverse developments that affect one industry, such as the financial services industry, or concerns or rumors about any events of these kinds, have in the past and may in the future lead to market-wide liquidity problems, may spread to other industries, and could negatively affect the value and liquidity of the Fund’s investments. For example, in response to the rapidly declining financial condition of regional banks SVB and Signature, the CDFPI and the NYSDFS closed SVB and Signature on March 10, 2023 and March 12, 2023, respectively, and the FDIC was appointed as receiver for SVB and Signature. Although the U.S. Department of the Treasury, the Federal Reserve and the FDIC have taken measures to stabilize the financial system, uncertainty and liquidity concerns in the broader financial services industry remain. Additionally, should there be additional systemic pressure on the financial system and capital markets, there can be no assurances of the response of any government or regulator, and any response may not be as favorable to industry participants as the measures currently being pursued. In addition, highly publicized issues related to the U.S. and global
 
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capital markets in the past have led to significant and widespread investor concerns over the integrity of the capital markets. The current situation related to SVB, Signature and other regional banks could in the future lead to further rules and regulations for public companies, banks, financial institutions and other participants in the U.S. and global capital markets, and complying with the requirements of any such rules or regulations may be burdensome. Even if not adopted, evaluating and responding to any such proposed rules or regulations could result in increased costs and require significant attention from the Adviser.
Events surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic have contributed to significant market volatility, reductions in economic activity, market closures, and declines in global financial markets. These effects and the effects of other infectious illness outbreaks, epidemics or pandemics may be short term or may last for an extended period of time, and in either case could result in a substantial economic downturn or recession. Governmental responses may exacerbate other pre-existing political, social, economic, market and financial risks. These events may have a significant adverse effect on a Fund’s performance and on the liquidity of a Fund’s investments, impair a Fund’s ability to satisfy redemption requests, and have the potential to impair the ability of the Adviser’s or a Fund’s other service providers to serve a Fund and could lead to operational disruptions that negatively impact a Fund.
Markets may, in response to governmental actions or intervention, or general market conditions, including real or perceived adverse political, economic or market conditions, tariffs and trade disruptions, inflation, recession, changes in interest or currency rates, lack of liquidity in the bond markets or adverse investor sentiment or other events, including a public health crisis, experience periods of high volatility and reduced liquidity. During those periods, the Funds may experience high levels of shareholder redemptions, which may only occur in Creation Units. To satisfy such redemptions, the Fund may have to sell securities at times when they would otherwise not do so, and potentially at unfavorable prices. Securities may be difficult to value during such periods. Market risk involves the risk that the value of the Fund’s investment portfolio will change, potentially frequently and in large amounts, as the prices of its investments go up or down. During periods of severe market stress, it is possible that the market for some or all of a Fund’s investments may become highly volatile and/or illiquid. In such an event, the Fund may find it difficult to sell some or all of its investments and, for certain assets, the trade settlement period may be longer than anticipated. The fewer the number of issuers in which a Fund invests and/or the greater the use of leverage, the greater the potential volatility of the Fund’s portfolio. Recently, there have been inflationary price movements, which have caused the fixed income securities markets to experience heightened levels of interest rate volatility and liquidity risk. The U.S. Federal Reserve has raised interest rates from historically low levels and may continue to do so. Please refer to “Debt Securities Risks – Interest Rate Risk” above.
The United States government and the Federal Reserve and foreign governments and central banks may take steps to support financial markets. They might, for example, take steps to support markets and economic activity generally and to set or maintain low interest rates, such as by purchasing bonds or making financing broadly available to investors. Such actions may be intended to support certain asset classes or segments of the markets, but not others, and can have disproportionate, adverse, and unexpected effects on some asset classes or sectors, including those in which a Fund invests. For example, efforts by governments to provide debt relief to certain consumers or market participants or to support certain aspects of the market could significantly and adversely affect the value of a Fund’s investments, a Fund’s earnings, or a Fund’s risk profile, and have other unintended or unexpected effects. Other measures taken by governments and regulators, including, for example, steps to reverse, withdraw, curtail or taper such activities, could have a material adverse effect on prices for a Fund’s portfolio of investments and on the management of the Funds. The withdrawal of support, failure of efforts in response to a financial or other crisis, or investor perception that those efforts are not succeeding could negatively affect financial markets generally as well as the values and liquidity of a Fund’s investments.
Federal, state, and other governments, their regulatory agencies, or self-regulatory organizations may take actions that affect the regulation of the securities in which a Fund invests or the issuers of such securities in ways that are unforeseeable. Legislation or regulation also may change the way in which the Funds or the Adviser are regulated. Such legislation, regulation, or other government action could limit or preclude a Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective and affect the Fund’s performance.
Political, social or financial instability, civil unrest, geopolitical tensions, wars, natural disasters and acts of terrorism are other potential risks that could adversely affect a Fund’s investments or markets generally. In addition, political developments in foreign countries or the United States may at times subject such countries to sanctions from the U.S. government, foreign governments and/or international institutions that could negatively affect a Fund’s investments in issuers located in, doing business in or with assets in such countries. Any or all of the risks described herein can increase some or all of the other risks associated with a Fund’s investments, including, among others, counterparty risk, debt securities risks, liquidity risk, and valuation risk.
Continuing uncertainty as to the status of the euro and the EMU and the potential for certain countries (such as those in the UK) to withdraw from the institution has created significant volatility in currency and financial markets generally. Any partial or
 
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complete dissolution of the EU could have significant adverse effects on currency and financial markets, and on the values of a Fund’s portfolio investments. In January 2020, the United Kingdom withdrew from the EU. During an 11-month transition period, the UK and the EU agreed to a Trade and Cooperation Agreement which sets out the agreement for certain parts of the future relationship between the EU and the UK from January 1, 2021. The Trade and Cooperation Agreement does not include an agreement on financial services which is yet to be agreed. From January 1, 2021, EU law ceased to apply in the UK. However, many EU laws have been transposed into English law and these transposed laws will continue to apply until such time as they are repealed, replaced or amended. Depending on the terms of any future agreement between the EU and the UK on financial services, substantial amendments to English law may occur. Significant uncertainty remains in the market regarding the ramifications of these developments, and the range and potential implications of possible political, regulatory, economic and market outcomes are difficult to predict. The markets may be further disrupted and adversely affected by the withdrawal at various times given the uncertainty surrounding the country’s trade, financial, and other arrangements.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the resulting responses by the United States and other countries, and the potential for wider conflict could increase volatility and uncertainty in the financial markets and adversely affect regional and global economies. The United States and other countries have imposed broad-ranging economic sanctions on Russia, certain Russian individuals, banking entities and corporations, and Belarus as a response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and may impose sanctions on other countries that provide military or economic support to Russia. The extent and duration of Russia’s military actions and the repercussions of such actions (including any retaliatory actions or countermeasures that may be taken by those subject to sanctions, including cyber attacks) are impossible to predict, but could result in significant market disruptions, including in certain industries or sectors, such as the oil and natural gas markets, and may negatively affect global supply chains, inflation and global growth. These and any related events could significantly impact a Fund’s performance and the value of an investment in the Fund, even if the Fund does not have direct exposure to Russian issuers or issuers in other countries affected by the invasion.
A Fund may continue to accept new subscriptions and to make additional investments in instruments in accordance with the Fund’s principal investment strategies to strive to meet the Fund’s investment objective under all types of market conditions, including unfavorable market conditions.
Mortgage-Backed Securities Risk
Mortgage-backed securities include, among other things, participation interests in pools of residential mortgage loans purchased from individual lenders by a federal agency or originated and issued by private lenders and involve, among others, the following risks:
Credit and Market Risks of Mortgage-Backed Securities. Investments by a Fund in fixed rate and floating rate mortgage-backed securities will entail credit risks (i.e., the risk of non-payment of interest and principal) and market risks (i.e., the risk that interest rates and other factors could cause the value of the instrument to decline). Many issuers or servicers of mortgage-backed securities guarantee timely payment of interest and principal on the securities, whether or not payments are made when due on the underlying mortgages. This kind of guarantee generally increases the quality of a security, but does not mean that the security’s market value and yield will not change. The values of mortgage-backed securities may change because of changes in the market’s perception of the credit quality of the assets held by the issuer of the mortgage-backed securities or an entity, if any, providing credit support in respect of the mortgage-backed securities. In addition, an unexpectedly high rate of defaults on the mortgages held by a mortgage pool may limit substantially the pool’s ability to make payments of principal or interest to a Fund as a holder of such securities, reducing the values of those securities or in some cases rendering them worthless. The Funds also may purchase securities that are not guaranteed or subject to any credit support, or that are subordinate in their right to receive payment of interest and repayment of principal to other classes of the issuer’s securities. An investment in a privately issued mortgage-backed security is generally less liquid and subject to greater credit risks than an investment in a mortgage-backed security that is issued or otherwise guaranteed by a federal government agency or sponsored corporation.
Mortgage-backed securities may be structured similarly to CDOs and may be subject to similar risks. See “— Collateralized Debt Obligations Risk” in the Prospectus and SAI for more information. For example, the cash flows from the collateral underlying the mortgage-backed security may be split into two or more portions, called tranches, varying in risk and yield. Senior tranches are paid from the cash flows from the underlying assets before the junior tranches and equity or “first loss” tranches. Losses are first borne by the equity tranches, next by the junior tranches, and finally by the senior tranches. Interest holders in senior tranches are entitled to the lowest interest rates but are generally subject to less credit risk than more junior tranches because, should there be any default, senior tranches are typically paid first. The most junior tranches, such as equity tranches, typically are due to be paid the highest interest rates but suffer the highest risk of loss should the holder of an underlying mortgage loan default. If some loans default and the cash collected by the issuer of the mortgage-backed security is insufficient to pay all of its investors, those in the lowest, most junior tranches suffer losses first.
 
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Like bond investments, the value of fixed rate mortgage-backed securities will tend to rise when interest rates fall, and fall when rates rise. Floating rate mortgage-backed securities generally tend to have more moderate changes in price when interest rates rise or fall, but their current yield will generally be affected. In addition, the mortgage-backed securities market in general may be adversely affected by changes in governmental legislation or regulation. Factors that could affect the value of a mortgage-backed security include, among other things, the types and amounts of insurance, if any, which an individual mortgage or that specific mortgage-backed security carries, the default and delinquency rate of the mortgage pool, the amount of time the mortgage loan has been outstanding, the loan-to-value ratio of each mortgage and the amount of overcollateralization or undercollateralization of a mortgage pool. A Fund may invest in mortgage-backed securities that are subordinate in their right to receive payment of interest and repayment of principal to other classes of the issuer’s securities.
The residential mortgage market in the United States has experienced difficulties at times, and the same or similar events may adversely affect the performance and market value of certain of a Fund’s mortgage-related investments. Delinquencies and losses on residential mortgage loans (especially subprime and second-lien mortgage loans) generally increase in a recession and potentially could begin to increase again. A decline in or flattening of housing values (as has been experienced and may again be experienced in many housing markets) may exacerbate such delinquencies and losses. Borrowers with adjustable rate mortgage loans may be more sensitive to changes in interest rates, which affect their monthly mortgage payments, and may be unable to secure replacement mortgages at comparably low interest rates. Also, a number of residential mortgage loan originators have experienced serious financial difficulties or bankruptcy. Reduced investor demand for mortgage-related securities has resulted and again may result in limited new issuances of mortgage-related securities and limited liquidity in the secondary market for mortgage-related securities, which can adversely affect the market value of mortgage-related securities and limit the availability of attractive investment opportunities for a Fund. It is possible that such limited liquidity in secondary markets could return and worsen.
Ongoing developments in the residential and commercial mortgage markets may have additional consequences for the market for mortgage-backed securities. During periods of deteriorating economic conditions, such as recessions or periods of rising unemployment, delinquencies and losses generally increase, sometimes dramatically, with respect to securitizations involving mortgage loans. Many so-called sub-prime mortgage pools have become distressed during periods of economic distress and may trade at significant discounts to their face value during such periods.
Additionally, mortgage lenders may adjust their loan programs and underwriting standards, which may reduce the availability of mortgage credit to prospective mortgagors. This may result in reduced availability of financing alternatives for mortgagors seeking to refinance their mortgage loans. The reduced availability of refinancing options for mortgagors may result in higher rates of delinquencies, defaults and losses on mortgage loans, particularly in the case of, but not limited to, mortgagors with adjustable rate mortgage loans or interest-only mortgage loans that experience significant increases in their monthly payments following the adjustment date or the end of the interest-only period (see “Adjustable Rate Mortgages” below for further discussion of adjustable rate mortgage risks). These events, alone or in combination with each other and with deteriorating economic conditions in the general economy, may contribute to higher delinquency and default rates on mortgage loans. Tighter underwriting guidelines for residential mortgage loans, together with lower levels of home sales and reduced refinance activity, also may contribute to a reduction in the prepayment rate for mortgage loans generally. The values of mortgage-backed securities may be substantially dependent on the servicing of the underlying mortgage pools, and therefore are subject to risks associated with the negligence or malfeasance by their servicers and to the credit risk of their servicers. In certain circumstances, the mishandling of related documentation also may affect the rights of security holders in and to the underlying collateral.
The U. S. government conservatorship of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) and Fannie Mae in September 2008 and its ultimate resolution may adversely affect the real estate market, the value of real estate-related assets generally and markets generally. In addition, there may be proposals from the U.S. Congress or other branches of the U.S. government regarding the conservatorship, including regarding reforming Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac or winding down their operations, which may or may not come to fruition. There can be no assurance that such proposals, even those that are not adopted, will not adversely affect the values of the Funds’ assets.
The Federal Housing Finance Agent (“FHFA”), as conservator or receiver of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, has the power to repudiate any contract entered into by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac prior to its appointment if it determines that performance of the contract is burdensome and repudiation of the contract promotes the orderly administration of Fannie Mae’s or Freddie Mac’s affairs. In the event the guaranty obligations of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac are repudiated, the payments of interest to holders of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage-backed securities would be reduced if payments on the mortgage loans represented in the mortgage loan groups related to such mortgage-backed securities are not made by the borrowers or advanced by the servicer. Any actual direct compensatory damages for repudiating these guaranty obligations may not be sufficient to offset any shortfalls experienced by such mortgage-backed security holders.
 
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Further, in its capacity as conservator or receiver, FHFA has the right to transfer or sell any asset or liability of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac without any approval, assignment or consent. If FHFA were to transfer any such guaranty obligation to another party, holders of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage-backed securities would have to rely on that party for satisfaction of the guaranty obligation and would be exposed to the credit risk of that party.
Liquidity Risk of Mortgage-Backed Securities. The liquidity of mortgage-backed securities varies by type of security; at certain times a Fund may encounter difficulty in disposing of such investments. Investments in privately issued mortgage-backed securities may have less liquidity than mortgage-backed securities that are issued by a federal government agency or sponsored corporation. Because mortgage-backed securities have the potential to be less liquid than other securities, a Fund may be more susceptible to liquidity risks than funds that invest in other securities. In the past, in stressed markets, certain types of mortgage-backed securities suffered periods of illiquidity when disfavored by the market. It is possible that a Fund may be unable to sell a mortgage-backed security at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment.
Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities (“CMBS”) Risks. CMBS include securities that reflect an interest in, or are secured by, mortgage loans on commercial real property. Many of the risks of investing in commercial mortgage-backed securities reflect the risks of investing in the real estate securing the underlying mortgage loans. These risks reflect the effects of local and other economic conditions on real estate markets, the ability of tenants to make loan payments and the ability of a property to attract and retain tenants. Commercial mortgage-backed securities may be less liquid and exhibit greater price volatility than other types of mortgage- or asset-backed securities.
Prepayment, Extension and Redemption Risks of Mortgage-Backed Securities. Mortgage-backed securities may reflect an interest in monthly payments made by the borrowers who receive the underlying mortgage loans. Although the underlying mortgage loans are for specified periods of time, such as 20 or 30 years, the borrowers can, and historically have often paid them off sooner. When a prepayment happens, a portion of the mortgage-backed security which represents an interest in the underlying mortgage loan will be prepaid. A borrower is more likely to prepay a mortgage which bears a relatively high rate of interest. This means that in times of declining interest rates, a portion of the Fund’s higher yielding securities are likely to be redeemed and the Fund will probably be unable to replace them with securities having as great a yield. Prepayments can result in lower yields to shareholders. The increased likelihood of prepayment when interest rates decline also limits market price appreciation. This is known as prepayment risk. Mortgage-backed securities also are subject to extension risk. Extension risk is the possibility that rising interest rates may cause prepayments to occur at a slower than expected rate. This particular risk may effectively change a security which was considered short or intermediate term into a long-term security. The values of long-term securities generally fluctuate more widely in response to changes in interest rates than short or intermediate-term securities. In addition, a mortgage-backed security may be subject to redemption at the option of the issuer. If a mortgage-backed security held by a Fund is called for redemption, the Fund will be required to permit the issuer to redeem or pay-off the security, which could have an adverse effect on the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.
Collateralized Mortgage Obligations. CMOs are debt obligations collateralized by mortgage loans or mortgage pass-through securities. The expected average life of CMOs is determined using mathematical models that incorporate prepayment assumptions and other factors that involve estimates of future economic and market conditions. These estimates may vary from actual future results, particularly during periods of extreme market volatility. Further, under certain market conditions, the average weighted life of certain CMOs may not accurately reflect the price volatility of such securities. For example, in periods of supply and demand imbalances in the market for such securities and/or in periods of sharp interest rate movements, the prices of CMOs may fluctuate to a greater extent than would be expected from interest rate movements alone. CMOs issued by private entities are not obligations issued or guaranteed by the U. S. Government, its agencies or instrumentalities and are not guaranteed by any government agency, although the securities underlying a CMO may be subject to a guarantee. Therefore, if the collateral securing the CMO, as well as any third party credit support or guarantees, is insufficient to make payments when due, the holder could sustain a loss.
Adjustable Rate Mortgages. Adjustable Rate Mortgages (“ARMs”) contain maximum and minimum rates beyond which the mortgage interest rate may not vary over the lifetime of the security. In addition, many ARMs provide for additional limitations on the maximum amount by which the mortgage interest rate may adjust for any single adjustment period. Alternatively, certain ARMs contain limitations on changes in the required monthly payment. In the event that a monthly payment is not sufficient to pay the interest accruing on an ARM, any excess interest is added to the principal balance of the mortgage loan, which is repaid through future monthly payments. If the monthly payment for such an instrument exceeds the sum of the interest accrued at the applicable mortgage interest rate and the principal payment required at such point to amortize the outstanding principal balance over the remaining term of the loan, the excess is used to reduce the then-outstanding principal balance of the ARM.
 
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In addition, certain ARMs may provide for an initial fixed, below-market or teaser interest rate. During this initial fixed-rate period, the payment due from the related mortgagor may be less than that of a traditional loan. However, after the teaser rate expires, the monthly payment required to be made by the mortgagor may increase significantly when the interest rate on the mortgage loan adjusts. This increased burden on the mortgagor may increase the risk of delinquency or default on the mortgage loan and in turn, losses on the mortgage-backed security into which that loan has been bundled.
Interest and Principal Only Securities Risk. Stripped mortgage-backed securities are usually structured with two classes that receive different portions of the interest and principal distributions on a pool of debt instruments, such as mortgage loans. In one type of stripped mortgage-backed security, one class will receive all of the interest from the mortgage assets (the interest-only, or “IO” class), while the other class will receive all of the principal from the mortgage assets (the principal-only, or “PO” class). The yield to maturity (the expected rate of return on a bond if held until the end of its lifetime) on an IO class is extremely sensitive to the rate of principal payments (including prepayments) on the underlying mortgage assets, and a rapid rate of principal payments may have a material adverse effect on a Fund’s yield to maturity from these securities. If the assets underlying the IO class experience greater than anticipated prepayments of principal, a Fund may fail to recoup fully, or at all, its initial investment in these securities. PO class securities tend to decline in value if prepayments are slower than anticipated. The values of interest-only and principal-only securities are especially sensitive to interest rate changes, which can affect not only their prices but can also change the income flows and repayment assumptions about those investments.
Inverse Floaters and Related Securities Risk. Investments in inverse floaters and similar instruments expose a Fund to the same risks as investments in debt securities and derivatives, as well as other risks, including those associated with leverage and increased volatility. An investment in these securities typically will involve greater risk than an investment in a fixed rate security. Distributions on inverse floaters and similar instruments will typically bear an inverse relationship to short-term interest rates and typically will be reduced or, potentially, eliminated as interest rates rise. The rate at which interest is paid on an inverse floater may vary by a magnitude that exceeds the magnitude of the change in a reference rate of interest (typically a short-term interest rate), and the market prices of inverse floaters may as a result be highly sensitive to changes in interest rates and in prepayment rates on the underlying securities, and may decrease in value significantly when interest rates or prepayment rates change. The effect of the reference rate multiplier in inverse floaters is associated with greater volatility in their market values. Investments in inverse floaters and similar instruments that have mortgage-backed securities underlying them will expose a Fund to the risks associated with those mortgage-backed securities and the values of those investments may be especially sensitive to changes in prepayment rates on the underlying mortgage-backed securities.
Mortgage-backed securities are a type of asset-backed security and therefore are subject to the risks described above under “Asset-Backed Securities Investment Risk.”
Non-Diversification Risk
A non-diversified Fund may invest its assets in a smaller number of issuers than may a diversified fund. A non-diversified Fund may be more susceptible to any single economic, political, or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund investing in a broader range of issuers. A decline in the market value of one of a non-diversified Fund’s investments may affect the Fund’s value more than if the Fund were a diversified fund. Some of the issuers in which a non-diversified Fund invests also may present substantial credit or other risks.
Operational and Information Security Risks
The Funds and their service providers depend on complex information technology and communications systems to conduct business functions, making them susceptible to operational and information security risks. Any problems relating to the performance and effectiveness of security procedures used by a Fund or its service providers to protect a Fund’s assets, such as algorithms, codes, passwords, multiple signature systems, encryption and telephone call-backs, may have an adverse impact on an investment in a Fund. For example, design or system failures or malfunctions, human error, faulty software or data processing systems, power or communications outages, acts of God, or cyber-attacks may lead to operational disruptions and potential losses to a Fund. Cyber-attacks include, among other behaviors, stealing or corrupting data maintained online or digitally, denial of service attacks on websites, the unauthorized release of confidential information and causing operational disruption. Successful cyber-attacks against, or security breakdowns of, a Fund or its Adviser, custodians, fund accountant, fund administrator, transfer agent, pricing vendors and/or other third party service providers may adversely impact the Funds and their shareholders. For instance, cyber-attacks or other operational issues may interfere with the processing of shareholder transactions, impact a Fund’s ability to calculate its NAV, cause the release of private shareholder information or confidential Fund information, impede trading, cause reputational damage, and subject a Fund to regulatory fines, penalties or
 
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financial losses, reimbursement or other compensation costs, and/or additional compliance costs. The Funds also may incur substantial costs for cybersecurity risk management in order to guard against any cyber incidents in the future. Furthermore, as a Fund’s assets grow, it may become a more appealing target for cybersecurity threats such as hackers and malware. In general, cyber-attacks result from deliberate attacks but unintentional events may have effects similar to those caused by cyber-attacks. Additionally, outside parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees of a Fund or the Adviser or the Fund’s service providers to disclose sensitive information in order to gain access to a Fund’s infrastructure. Similar types of risks also are present for issuers of securities in which the Funds invest, which could result in material adverse consequences for such issuers, and may cause a Fund’s investment in such securities to lose value. In addition, cyberattacks involving a counterparty to a Fund could affect such a counterparty’s ability to meets it obligations to the Fund, which may result in losses to the Fund and its shareholders. In addition, the adoption of work-from-home arrangements by the Funds, the Adviser or their service providers could increase all of the above risks, create additional data and information accessibility concerns, and make the Funds, the Adviser or their service providers more susceptible to operational disruptions, any of which could adversely impact their operations. While the Funds or their service providers may have established business continuity plans and systems designed to guard against such operational failures and cyber-attacks and the adverse effects of such events, there are inherent limitations in such plans and systems including the possibility that certain risks have not been identified, in large part because different, evolving or unknown threats or risks may emerge in the future. The Adviser and the Funds do not control the business continuity and cybersecurity plans and systems put in place by third-party service providers, and such third-party service providers may have no or limited indemnification obligations to the Adviser or the Funds.
Portfolio Turnover Risk
The length of time a Fund has held a particular security is not generally a consideration in investment decisions. A change in the securities held by a Fund is known as portfolio turnover. Portfolio turnover generally involves a number of direct and indirect costs and expenses to a Fund, including, for example, brokerage commissions, dealer mark-ups and bid/ask spreads, and transaction costs on the sale of securities and reinvestment in other securities, and may result in the realization of taxable capital gains (including short-term capital gains, which are generally taxable to shareholders subject to tax at ordinary income rates). Such costs are not reflected in a Fund’s Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses set forth under “Fees and Expenses” but do have the effect of reducing the Fund’s investment return. A Fund and its shareholders will also share in the costs and tax effects of portfolio turnover in any underlying funds in which a Fund invests.
Real Estate Sector Risk
The value of a Fund’s portfolio could change in light of factors affecting the real estate sector. Factors affecting real estate values include the supply of real property in certain markets, changes in zoning laws, delays in completion of construction, changes in real estate values, changes in property taxes, levels of occupancy, adequacy of rent to cover operating expenses, and local, regional, and general market conditions. The value of real estate-related investments also may be affected by changes in interest rates, macroeconomic developments, and social and economic trends.
To the extent that a Fund invests in real estate related investments, including REITs, real estate-related loans or real-estate linked derivative instruments, it will be subject to the risks associated with owning real estate and with the real estate industry generally. These include difficulties in valuing and disposing of real estate, the possibility of declines in the value of real estate, risks related to general and local economic conditions, the possibility of adverse changes in the climate for real estate, environmental liability risks, the risk of increases in property taxes and operating expenses, possible adverse changes in zoning laws, the risk of casualty or condemnation losses, limitations on rents, the possibility of adverse changes in interest rates and in the credit markets and the possibility of borrowers paying off mortgages sooner than expected, which may lead to reinvestment of assets at lower prevailing interest rates. To the extent that a Fund invests in REITs, it will also be subject to the risk that a REIT may default on its obligations or go bankrupt. By investing in REITs indirectly through a Fund, a shareholder will indirectly bear his or her proportionate share of the expenses of the REITs. A Fund’s investments in REITs could cause a Fund to recognize income in excess of cash received from those securities and, as a result, a Fund may be required to sell portfolio securities, including when it is not advantageous to do so, in order to make distributions. An investment in a REIT or a real estate-linked derivative instrument that is linked to the value of a REIT is subject to additional risks, such as poor
Commercial real estate-related investments may decline in value as a result of factors affecting the real estate sector (and, in particular, the commercial real estate markets), such as the supply of real property in certain markets, changes in zoning laws, delays in completion of construction, changes in real estate values, changes in property taxes, levels of occupancy, and local, regional, and general market conditions. Commercial real estate loans are secured by commercial property and are subject to the risks of delinquency and foreclosure. The ability of a borrower to repay a loan secured by an income-producing property typically is dependent primarily on the successful operation of such property. If a borrower’s net operating income is reduced due to changing national, regional or local economic conditions, changes in business demand, social unrest and civil
 
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disturbances, political unrest, global health crises, or other reasons, then the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. Tenant mix, success of tenant businesses, property management decisions, property location and conditions, competition from comparable properties, changes in laws that increase operating expenses or limit rents that may be charged, the need to address environmental issues associated with a property, declines in real estate values, increases in interest rates or taxes, and increase in regulatory and compliance costs can all negatively affect returns on investments in commercial real estate.
Although interest rates have significantly increased since 2022 through the date of this Prospectus, the prices of real estate-related assets generally have not decreased as much as may be expected based on historical correlations between interest rates and prices of real estate-related assets. This presents an increased risk of a correction or severe downturn in real estate-related asset prices, which could adversely impact the value of other investments as well (such as loans, securitized debt and other fixed income securities). This risk is particularly present with respect to commercial real estate-related asset prices, and the value of other investments with a connection to the commercial real estate sector. As examples of the current risks faced by real estate-related assets: tenant vacancy rates, tenant turnover and tenant concentration have increased; owners of real estate have faced headwinds, delinquencies and difficulties in collecting rents and other payments (which increases the risk of owners being unable to pay or otherwise defaulting on their own borrowings and obligations); property values have declined; inflation, upkeep costs and other expenses have increased; and rents have declined for many properties.
Restricted Securities Risk
A Fund may hold securities that the Fund is prevented or limited by law or the terms of an agreement from selling (a “restricted security”). To the extent that a Fund is permitted to sell a restricted security, there can be no assurance that a trading market will exist at any particular time, and the Fund may be unable to dispose of the security promptly at reasonable prices or at all. A Fund may have to bear the expense of registering the securities for resale and the risk of substantial delays in effecting the registration. Also, restricted securities may be difficult to value because market quotations may not be readily available, and the values of restricted securities may have significant volatility.
Securities or Sector Selection Risk
Securities or Sector Selection Risk refers to the risk that the securities held by a Fund will underperform securities held in other funds investing in similar asset classes or comparable benchmarks because of a portfolio manager’s choice of securities or sectors for investment. To the extent a Fund allocates a higher percentage of its investment portfolio to a particular sector or related sectors, the Fund will be more susceptible to events or factors affecting companies in that sector or related sectors. For example, the values of securities of companies in the same or related sectors may be negatively affected by the common characteristics they share, the common business risks to which they are subject, common regulatory burdens, or regulatory changes that affect them similarly. Such characteristics, risks, burdens or changes include, but are not limited to, changes in governmental regulation, inflation or deflation, rising or falling interest rates, competition from new entrants, and other economic, market, political or other developments specific to that sector or related sectors. Although neither DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF or DoubleLine Mortgage ETF will focus or concentrate its investments in companies within the real estate sector, the risk characteristics of each Fund’s portfolio will be closely tied to that of the real estate sector, which is described above.
Structured Products and Structured Notes Risk
Generally, structured investments are interests in entities organized and operated for the purpose of restructuring the investment characteristics of underlying investment interests or securities. These investment entities may be structured as trusts or other types of pooled investment vehicles. This type of restructuring generally involves the deposit with or purchase by an entity of the underlying investments and the issuance by that entity of one or more classes of securities backed by, or representing interests in, the underlying investments or referencing an indicator related to such investments. The cash flow or rate of return on the underlying investments may be apportioned among the newly issued securities to create different investment characteristics, such as varying maturities, credit quality, payment priorities and interest rate provisions. Structured products include, among other things, CDOs, mortgage-backed securities, other types of asset-backed securities and certain types of structured notes.
The cash flow or rate of return on a structured investment may be determined by applying a multiplier to the rate of total return on the underlying investments or referenced indicator. Application of a multiplier is comparable to the use of financial leverage, a speculative technique. Leverage magnifies the potential for gain and the risk of loss. As a result, a relatively small decline in the value of the underlying investments or referenced indicator could result in a relatively large loss in the value of a structured product. Holders of structured products indirectly bear risks associated with the underlying investments, index or
 
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reference obligation, and are subject to counterparty risk. A Fund generally has the right to receive payments to which it is entitled only from the structured product, and generally does not have direct rights against the issuer. While certain structured investment vehicles enable the investor to acquire interests in a pool of securities without the brokerage and other expenses associated with directly holding the same securities, investors in structured vehicles generally pay their share of the investment vehicle’s administrative and other expenses.
Structured products are generally privately offered and sold, and thus, are not registered under the securities laws. Certain structured products may be thinly traded or have a limited trading market and may have the effect of increasing a Fund’s illiquidity to the extent that the Fund, at a particular point in time, may be unable to find qualified buyers for these securities. In addition to the general risks associated with fixed income securities discussed herein, structured products carry additional risks including, but not limited to: (i) the possibility that distributions from underlying investments will not be adequate to make interest or other payments; (ii) the quality of the underlying investments may decline in value or default; (iii) the possibility that the security may be subordinate to other classes of the issuer’s securities; and (iv) the complex structure of the security may not be fully understood at the time of investment and may produce disputes with the issuer or unexpected investment results.
Structured notes are derivative securities for which the amount of principal repayment and/or interest payments is based on the movement of one or more “factors”. These factors may include, but are not limited to, currency exchange rates, interest rates (such as the prime lending rate or another industry-standard floating rate), referenced bonds and stock indices. Some of these factors may or may not correlate to the total rate of return on one or more underlying instruments referenced in such notes. In some cases, the impact of the movements of these factors may increase or decrease through the use of multipliers or deflators.
Investments in structured notes involve risks including interest rate risk, credit risk and market risk. Depending on the factor used and the use of multipliers or deflators, changes in interest rates and movement of the factor may cause significant price fluctuations. Additionally, changes in the reference instrument or security may cause the interest rate on the structured note to be reduced to zero and any further changes in the reference instrument may then reduce the principal amount payable on maturity. In the case of structured notes where the reference instrument is a debt instrument, such as credit-linked notes, the Fund will be subject to the credit risk of the issuer of the reference instrument and the issuer of the structured note.
The Adviser and certain of its affiliates manage a wide variety of accounts and investment strategies. Investments made on behalf of one client or strategy can raise conflict of interest issues with other of the Adviser’s clients or strategies. For example, the Adviser may cause a client to purchase an issuer’s debt security and cause another client to purchase a different debt security of the same issuer, such as a different bond of the issuer or different tranche of a mortgage-backed security that is subordinated to the investment held by other clients. Please refer to the section of the SAI entitled “Conflicts — Broad and Wide-Ranging Activities” for more information.
U.S. Government Securities Risk
Some U.S. government securities, such as Treasury bills, notes, and bonds and mortgage-backed securities guaranteed by Ginnie Mae, are supported by the full faith and credit of the United States; others are supported by the right of the issuer to borrow from the U.S. Treasury; others are supported by the discretionary authority of the U.S. government to purchase the agency’s obligations; still others are supported only by the credit of the issuing agency, instrumentality, or enterprise. Although U.S. government-sponsored enterprises may be chartered or sponsored by Congress, they are not funded by Congressional appropriations, and their securities are not issued by the U.S. Treasury, their obligations are not supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, and so investments in their securities or obligations issued by them involve greater risk than investments in other types of U.S. government securities. No assurance can be given that the U.S. government will provide financial support to its agencies and sponsored entities if it is not obligated by law to do so.
In addition, certain governmental entities have been subject to regulatory scrutiny regarding their accounting policies and practices and other concerns that may result in legislation, changes in regulatory oversight and/or other consequences that could adversely affect the credit quality, availability or investment character of securities issued or guaranteed by these entities.
The events surrounding the U.S. federal government debt ceiling and any resulting agreement (and similar political, economic and other developments) could adversely affect a Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective. For example, a downgrade of the long-term sovereign credit rating of the United States could increase volatility in both stock and bond markets, result in higher interest rates and lower Treasury prices and increase the costs of all kinds of debt. These events and similar events in other areas of the world could have significant adverse effects on the economy generally and could result in significant adverse impacts on issuers of securities held by a Fund and the Fund itself. The Adviser cannot predict the effects of these or similar events in the future on the U.S. economy and securities markets or on a Fund’s portfolio.
 
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The Adviser may not timely anticipate or manage existing, new or additional risks, contingencies or developments. In recent periods, the values of U.S. government securities have been affected substantially by increased demand for them around the world. Changes in the demand for U.S. government securities may occur at any time and may result in increased volatility in the values of those securities.
Valuation Risk
Valuation risk is the risk that a Fund will not value its investments in a manner that accurately reflects their market values or that a Fund will not be able to sell any investment at a price equal to the valuation ascribed to that investment for purposes of calculating the Fund’s NAV. The valuation of each Fund’s investments involves subjective judgment and some valuations may involve assumptions, projections, opinions, discount rates, estimated data points and other uncertain or subjective amounts, all of which may prove inaccurate. In addition, the valuation of certain investments held by a Fund may involve the significant use of unobservable and non-market inputs. Certain securities in which a Fund may invest may be more difficult to value accurately, especially during periods of market disruptions or extreme market volatility. As a result, there can be no assurance that fair value pricing will result in adjustments to the prices of securities or other assets, or that fair value pricing will reflect actual market value, and it is possible that the fair value determined for a security or other asset will be materially different from quoted or published prices, from the prices used by others for the same security or other asset and/or from the value that actually could be or is realized upon the sale of that security or other asset. Technological issues or other service disruption issues involving third party service providers may also cause a Fund to value its investments incorrectly. Incorrect valuations of a Fund’s portfolio holdings could result in a Fund’s shareholder transactions being effected at an NAV that does not accurately reflect the underlying value of the Fund’s portfolio, resulting in the dilution of shareholder interests.
Temporary Defensive Strategies
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
When attempting to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions, subject to the applicable limitations described below, DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF may take temporary defensive positions that may be inconsistent (including materially inconsistent) with such Fund’s principal investment strategies. The Adviser then may, but is not required to, temporarily use alternative strategies that are mainly designed to limit the Fund’s exposure to such adverse conditions under the circumstances. In implementing these strategies, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF may invest primarily in, among other things, U.S. government and agency obligations, fixed or floating rate investments, derivative instruments, cash or money market instruments (including, money market funds), or any other securities or instruments that the portfolio manager(s) considers consistent with such defensive strategies or deemed consistent with the then existing market conditions. By way of example, a Fund may hold a higher than normal proportion of its assets in cash in times of extreme market stress. A Fund may also use derivatives, such as futures contracts and interest rate swaps, as an efficient means to adjust the Fund’s interest rate, credit, and other exposures in connection with taking such temporary defensive positions. During periods when a Fund has taken temporary defensive positions, the Fund may not achieve its investment objective.
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
Because it operates pursuant to the Order, when taking temporary defensive positions, DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF is only permitted to invest in ETFs and exchange-traded notes, common stocks, preferred stocks, American depositary receipts, REITs, commodity pools, metals trusts, currency trusts and futures with reference assets the Fund may invest in directly, or in the case of an index future, based on an index of a type of asset that the Fund could invest in directly. All of these instruments will trade on an U.S. exchange contemporaneously with the Fund’s shares. DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF may also invest in cash and cash equivalents, which are short-term U.S. Treasury securities, government money market funds and repurchase agreements.
Portfolio Holdings Information
A description of each Fund’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of its portfolio securities is available in the SAI. Currently, disclosure of each Fund’s portfolio holdings is required by law to be made within 60 days of the end of each fiscal quarter in either the annual report or semi-annual report to shareholders or in the holdings reports on Form N-PORT. Each Fund’s SAI, annual report, semi-annual report, and filings on Form N-PORT are available, free of charge, on the EDGAR database on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.
 
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Management of the Funds
Investment Adviser
DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP serves as the investment adviser for each Fund. The Adviser operates at 2002 North Tampa Street, Suite 200, Tampa, Florida 33602 and is registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended. The Adviser has been an investment adviser to the Funds since the inception of each Fund. The Adviser manages the investment portfolios and business affairs of the Funds pursuant to Investment Management Agreement between the Trust and the Adviser in respect of each Fund (the “Advisory Agreement”). In addition to the foregoing, pursuant to its supervisory responsibilities under the Advisory Agreement, the Adviser (or its designee) is responsible for the oversight of the calculation and dissemination of the VIIV of DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF, as described below. As part of its oversight process, the Adviser (or its designee) will periodically, but no less than annually, review the Fund’s procedures governing the calculation and dissemination of the VIIV of DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF. Any changes to the procedures will be submitted for review by the Board.
The Trust and the Adviser have received exemptive relief from the SEC that permits the Adviser, with Board approval but without shareholder approval, to hire a sub-adviser, materially amend the terms of an agreement with a sub-adviser (including an increase in its fee), or continue the employment of a sub-adviser after an event that would otherwise cause the automatic termination of services. Shareholders will be notified of any such changes.
Portfolio Managers
The following individuals serve as portfolio managers and are together jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Funds’ portfolios as indicated below. Please see the SAI for additional information about other accounts managed by the portfolio managers, the portfolio managers’ compensation, and the portfolio managers’ ownership of shares of the Fund(s) they manage. The performance information shown in the “Performance” section of each Fund Summary, as applicable, reflects the Fund’s performance of the portfolio management team that was in place during the period(s) shown. The composition of the portfolio management team, including individual portfolio managers, may change over time.
 
Portfolio Manager    Length of Service    Business Experience during the Past 5 Years
Jeffrey E. Gundlach   
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
(Since the Funds’ inception in 2022)
 
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
(Since the Fund’s inception in 2023)
   Mr. Gundlach is the founder and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of DoubleLine Capital LP and is Chief Investment Officer (CIO) of DoubleLine Capital LP. Mr. Gundlach has been CEO and CIO of DoubleLine Capital LP since its inception in December 2009.
Morris Chen   
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF
(Since the Fund’s inception in 2023)
   Mr. Chen joined DoubleLine in 2009. He is the lead Portfolio Manager overseeing the Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities (CMBS) and Commercial Real Estate (CRE) Debt team. He is a permanent member of the Fixed Income Asset Allocation and Structured Products Committees.
Mark Cho   
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF
(Since the Fund’s inception in 2023)
   Mr. Cho joined DoubleLine in 2013. He is a Portfolio Manager responsible for the CMBS credit platform at DoubleLine.
Vitaliy Liberman   
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
(Since the Fund’s inception in 2023)
   Mr. Liberman joined DoubleLine in 2009. He is the lead Portfolio Manager overseeing the Agency mortgage team. Mr. Liberman is a permanent member of the Fixed Income Asset Allocation Committee. He is a CFA charterholder.
Ken Shinoda   
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
(Since the Fund’s inception in 2023)
   Mr. Shinoda joined DoubleLine in 2009. He is the Chairman of the Structured Products Committee and the lead Portfolio Manager overseeing the Non-Agency Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities (RMBS) team. He is a permanent member of the Fixed Income Asset Allocation Committee. He is a CFA charterholder.
 
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Portfolio Manager    Length of Service    Business Experience during the Past 5 Years
Robert Stanbrook   
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF
(Since the Fund’s inception in 2023)
   Mr. Stanbrook joined DoubleLine in 2019. He is a Portfolio Manager responsible for the CRE loan platform as well as DoubleLine’s CRE CLO portfolio. Prior to DoubleLine, Mr. Stanbrook was a Principal and Chief Credit Officer with Narrative Capital Management since 2017.
Jeffrey J. Sherman   
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
(Since the Funds’ inception in 2022)
   Mr. Sherman was named as DoubleLine Capital LP’s Deputy Chief Investment Officer in June 2016. He has been a Portfolio Manager of DoubleLine Capital LP since September 2010. He has been President of DoubleLine Alternatives LP since April 2015 and President of DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP since October 2021.
Advisory Agreement
The Trust and DoubleLine have entered into an Advisory Agreement in respect of each Fund under the terms of which the Funds have employed the Adviser to manage the investment of the assets of the Funds, to place orders for the purchase and sale of their portfolio securities, and to be responsible for overall management of the Funds’ business affairs, subject to the oversight of the Board of Trustees. The Advisory Agreement between the Trust and the Adviser provides that the Adviser will pay all operating expenses of the Fund, except the management fees, interest expenses, dividends and other expenses on securities sold short, taxes, expenses incurred with respect to the acquisition and disposition of portfolio securities and the execution of portfolio transactions, including brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, accrued deferred tax liabilities, distribution fees or expenses, and any extraordinary expenses (such as litigation).
Under the Advisory Agreement, the Funds pay to the Adviser as compensation for the services rendered, facilities furnished, and expenses incurred by them, fees at the following annual rates:
 
Fund   
Contractual Annual
Management Fee Rate
(As a Percentage of the
Fund’s Average Daily
Net Asset Value)
 
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF      0.50%  
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF      0.39%  
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF      0.49%  
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF      0.65%  
The Advisory Agreement provides that in the absence of willful misfeasance, bad faith or gross negligence on the part of the Adviser, or reckless disregard of its obligations and duties under the Advisory Agreement, the Adviser, including its officers, directors, and partners, shall not be subject to any liability to the Trust or any Fund, or to any shareholder, officer, director, partner, or Trustee thereof, for any act or omission in the course of, or connected with, rendering services under the Advisory Agreement.
A discussion regarding the basis for the Board of Trustees’ approval of the Advisory Agreement with respect to DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF and DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF is contained in the Funds’ annual report to shareholders for the period ended September 30, 2022.
A discussion regarding the basis for the Board of Trustees’ approval of the Advisory Agreement with respect to DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF is contained in the Funds’ annual report to shareholders for the period ended September 30, 2023.
Additional Information
The Trustees of the Trust oversee generally the operations of the Funds and the Trust. The Trust enters into contractual arrangements with various parties, including among others the Funds’ investment adviser, custodian, transfer agent, and accountants, who provide services to the Funds.
 
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Shareholders are not parties to any such contractual arrangements and are not intended third party (or other form of) beneficiaries of those contractual arrangements. The Trust’s and the Funds’ contractual arrangements are not intended to create any shareholder rights to enforce such contracts directly against the service providers or to seek any remedy under those contracts directly against the service providers.
The Trust’s Second Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust requires a shareholder bringing a derivative action on behalf of the Trust that is subject to a pre-suit demand to collectively hold at least 10% of the outstanding shares of the Trust or at least 10% of the outstanding shares of the series or class to which the demand relates and to undertake to reimburse the Trust for the expense of any counsel or advisors used when considering the merits of the demand in the event that the Trustees determine not to bring such action. In each case, these requirements do not apply to claims arising under the federal securities laws. The Trust’s Second Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust also provides that Delaware law will govern the rights and obligations of the Trustees and shareholders but excepts out the duties and liabilities of trustees with respect to matters arising under federal securities laws.
This Prospectus has been designed to meet the regulatory purpose of providing information concerning the Trust and the Funds that you should consider carefully in determining whether to purchase shares of a Fund. Neither this Prospectus, the SAI, nor the Funds’ registration statement, is intended, or should be read, to be or to give rise to an agreement or contract between the Trust or the Funds and any shareholder, or to give rise to any rights in any shareholder or other person.
Additional shareholder information, including how to buy and sell shares of the Funds, is available free of charge by calling toll-free: (855) 937-0772.
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares
Shares of a Fund may be acquired or redeemed directly from the Fund only in Creation Units or multiples thereof, as discussed in the Creations and Redemptions section of this Prospectus. Only an Authorized Participant, or an Authorized Participant Representative, as applicable, may engage in creation or redemption transactions directly with the Funds. Once created, shares of a Fund generally trade in the secondary market in amounts less than a Creation Unit.
Shares of the Funds are listed for trading on the secondary market on the Exchange. Shares can be bought and sold throughout the trading day like other publicly-traded securities which are bought and sold at market price. There is no minimum investment. Although shares are generally purchased and sold in “round lots” of 100 shares, brokerage firms typically permit investors to purchase or sell shares in smaller “odd lots” at no per-share price differential. The Funds’ shares trade on the Exchange using the following ticker symbols.
 
Fund   
Ticker
Symbol
 
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF      DBND  
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF       DCRE  
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF      DMBS  
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF      CAPE  
Prior to February 1, 2024, the DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF traded under the ticker symbol “DCMB.”
The Exchange is open for trading Monday through Friday and is closed on weekends and the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Juneteenth National Independence Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.
Secondary Market Trading Prices and Costs
The secondary market price of a Fund’s shares changes throughout the trading day based on market forces such as supply and demand, economic conditions and other factors such as the current VIIV (described below). Therefore, the prices at which investors trade Fund shares may differ from the Fund’s daily NAV. A Fund’s shares may trade throughout the trading day at prices greater (premium) or less (discount) than the Fund’s NAV.
Buying or selling Fund shares on an exchange or other secondary market involves two types of costs that often apply to equity transactions on exchanges. When buying or selling shares of a Fund through a broker-dealer, you may incur a brokerage commission and other charges. The commission is frequently a fixed amount and may be a significant proportional cost for investors seeking to buy or sell small amounts of shares. In addition, you may incur the cost of the “spread,” that is, any
 
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difference between the bid price and the ask price quoted by the broker-dealer with whom you are buying or selling Fund shares. The spread varies over time for shares of a Fund based on the Fund’s trading volume and market liquidity, and is generally narrower if the Fund has high trading volume and market liquidity, and wider if the Fund has less trading volume and market liquidity (which is often the case for funds that are newly launched or small in size).
Information Relating to Trading of DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
Because the Fund’s shares trades with reference to the VIIV, as discussed below, its shares may trade at a wider bid/ask spread than more traditional ETFs that publish their portfolios on a daily basis. The Adviser or its designee will monitor on an on-going basis how shares of the Fund’s trade, including the level of any market price premium or discount to NAV and the bid/ask spreads on market transactions. Should there be extended periods during which shares of the Fund trade at a significant premium or discount to NAV or with unusually wide bid/ask spreads, the Fund’s Board of Trustees (the “Board”) will review and consider the continuing viability of the Fund, whether shareholders are being harmed, and what, if any, action would be appropriate to, among other things, narrow the premium/discount or spread, as applicable. The Board will then decide whether to take any such action.
Verified Intra-Day Indicative Value (VIIV)
The intraday value of shares of a Fund, known as the VIIV, is intended to provide investors and other market participants with a highly correlated per share value of a Fund’s underlying portfolio that can be compared to the current market price of Fund shares trading on the Exchange. The VIIV is calculated and disseminated every second throughout each trading day by the Exchange. The VIIV is calculated to the nearest penny by dividing (i) the sum of a Fund’s assets (e.g., the amount of cash and cash equivalents held in the Fund’s portfolio, the current value of the securities positions in the Fund’s portfolio, plus any accrued interest, and declared but unpaid dividends) minus all accrued liabilities, by (ii) the number of total Fund shares outstanding. The portfolio used for calculating the VIIV generally will be the same portfolio used to calculate the Fund’s NAV for that day. The VIIV will be calculated by two separate calculation engines (a primary and secondary engine) throughout the trading day using the mid-point between the current national best bid and national best offer of the Fund’s portfolio securities as disseminated by the Consolidated Quotation System or UTP Plan Securities Information Processor (“National Best Bid and Offer”). The VIIV will be “verified” by comparing the values calculated by the two calculation engines and, if the values are in line, the VIIV will be disseminated through the facilities of the Consolidated Tape Association.
A Fund’s VIIV is also expected to be published by other information providers and quote services, including Yahoo Finance and Bloomberg. A Fund’s VIIV also may be available, upon request, through your broker. Certain of the providers and services, such as Bloomberg, require a subscription or account to access the information. If you access a Fund’s VIIV through such information providers and quote services, you should review the terms of each provider or service carefully. These information providers and quote services operate independently of the Funds, and the Funds have no control over, nor are they responsible for, the information published by such information providers and quote services or the timing thereof. The specific methodology for calculating a Fund’s VIIV and a historical comparison of each business day’s final VIIV to that business day’s NAV are disclosed on the Funds’ website, www.doubleline.com.
Because the Fund’s shares trade by reference to a published VIIV, they may trade at a wider bid/ask spread than shares of ETFs that publish their portfolios on a daily basis, especially during periods of market disruption or volatility, and therefore, may cost investors more to trade. Although the VIIV is intended to provide investors with enough information to allow for an effective arbitrage mechanism that will keep the market price of a Fund at or close to the underlying NAV per share of the Fund, there is a risk (which may increase during periods of market disruption or volatility) that market prices will vary significantly from the underlying NAV of the Fund. The Adviser or its designee will request that the Exchange temporarily halt trading if, during the process of real time price verification, the indicative values from the calculation engines valuing the Fund’s portfolio securities for VIIV purposes differ by more than 25 basis points for 60 consecutive seconds. In this instance, the Fund will continue to disseminate the indicative value as generated by the primary calculation engine. Such a trading halt will be lifted when the two indicative values come back into line. In addition, if at any time securities representing 10% or more of a Fund’s portfolio become subject to a trading halt or otherwise do not have readily available market quotations, the Fund will request that the exchange halt trading of the Fund’s shares. During a trading halt, although the VIIV would continue to be calculated and disseminated, investors in a Fund’s shares will not be able to freely trade their shares. If a portfolio security does not have readily available market quotations, e.g., if subject to a trading halt, that fact, along with the identity and weighting of that security in the Fund’s VIIV calculation, will be publicly disclosed on the Fund’s website.
Calculation of NAV
Each Fund calculates its NAV once on each day the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) is open for business (a “Business Day”). Each Fund generally values its securities and other assets and calculates its NAV as of the close of trading on the NYSE
 
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(normally, 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time). Generally, the NYSE is closed on weekends and the following national holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Juneteenth National Independence Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.
Each Fund calculates its NAV by adding the total value of its assets, subtracting its liabilities and then dividing the result by the number of shares outstanding. In calculating NAV, the Funds generally value their investment portfolios at market price. If market prices are not readily available, such as if trading in a particular security was halted during the day and does not resume prior to the time a Fund calculates its NAV, or the Funds reasonably believe that the market prices are unreliable, the Funds are required to price those securities at fair value as determined in good faith using a valuation policy approved by the Board. Pursuant to Rule 2a-5 under the 1940 Act, these fair value methods are implemented by the Adviser, in its capacity as the Board’s valuation designee, through its Valuation Sub-Committee. The determination of a security’s fair value price often involves the consideration of a number of factors, is subjective in nature, and is therefore subject to the unavoidable risk that the fair value assigned to a security may be higher or lower than the security’s value would be if reliable market quotations for the security were readily available.
Other assets for which market quotations are not readily available will be valued at their fair value as determined in good faith by the Adviser, in its capacity as the Board’s valuation designee, through its Valuation Sub-Committee.1
Book Entry
Shares are held in book-entry form, which means that no stock certificates are issued for Fund shares. The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) or its nominee is the record owner of all outstanding shares of the Funds and is recognized as the owner of all shares for all purposes.
Investors owning shares are beneficial owners as shown on the records of DTC or its participants. DTC serves as the securities depository for all shares. Participants in DTC include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and other institutions that directly or indirectly maintain a custodial relationship with DTC. Although a beneficial owner of shares, you are not entitled to receive physical delivery of stock certificates or to have shares registered in your name, and you are not considered a registered owner of shares. Therefore, to exercise any right as an owner of shares, you must rely upon the procedures of DTC and its participants. These procedures are the same as those that apply to any other stocks that you hold in book entry or “street name” form.
Frequent Purchases and Redemptions of Fund Shares
The Board has not adopted policies and procedures with respect to frequent purchases and sales of Fund shares by Fund shareholders in the secondary market because such transactions do not involve the Fund directly. Therefore, secondary market trades are unlikely to disrupt management of a Fund’s portfolio, increase a Fund’s transaction costs or cause a Fund to realize capital gains, or result in other potential harmful effects of frequent purchases and sales. Indeed, active trading of a Fund’s shares is a key element in helping to ensure a properly functioning arbitrage mechanism so that a Fund’s shares trade on the secondary market at or close to NAV.
The Board also has not adopted policies and procedures with respect to frequent purchases (creations) and redemptions of Fund shares in Creation Units directly with Authorized Participants. Purchases (creations) and redemptions of Creation Units are generally effected in-kind and thus are unlikely to cause the harmful effects that may result from frequent purchases and sales of fund shares. Each Fund also imposes transaction fees on in-kind purchases (creations) and redemptions of Fund shares to cover the custodial and other costs incurred by the Fund in effecting in-kind trades. These fees may increase if an Authorized Participant substitutes cash in part or in whole for securities, reflecting the fact that a Fund’s trading costs increase in those circumstances.
Distributions
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF will distribute dividends of net investment income at least monthly and DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF will distribute dividends of net investment income at least quarterly. Each Fund will distribute net realized short-term capital gains and net realized long-term capital gains, if any, at least annually. Dividends and other distributions on shares of a Fund are distributed on a pro rata basis to beneficial owners of such shares. Dividend payments are made through DTC participants and indirect participants to beneficial owners then of record with proceeds received from the Funds.
1 
On days when the NYSE is open for trading, but the fixed income markets close early or are closed (e.g., Columbus Day and Veterans Day), all or substantially all of the investment portfolios of DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF are expected to be fair valued.
 
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Distributions are paid by each Fund in cash. No dividend reinvestment service is provided by the Funds. Broker-dealers may make available the DTC book-entry Dividend Reinvestment Service for use by beneficial owners of the Funds for reinvestment of their dividend distributions. Beneficial owners should contact their broker-dealer to determine the availability and costs of the service and the details of participation therein. Broker-dealers may require beneficial owners to adhere to specific procedures and timetables. If this service is available and used, dividend distributions of both income and realized gains will be automatically reinvested in additional whole shares of the applicable Fund(s) purchased in the secondary market.
Taxes
This section provides a summary of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations relevant to an investment in a Fund; it is not intended to be a full discussion of tax laws and the effects of such laws on you, or to address all aspects of taxation that may apply to specific types of shareholders, such as foreign persons. Furthermore, this discussion is based on the Code and Treasury regulations issued thereunder that are in effect as of the date of this Prospectus, which provisions are subject to change, including retroactively. There may be other federal, state, or local tax considerations applicable to a particular investor. You are urged to consult your own tax advisor regarding your investment in a Fund (including the status of your distributions from the Fund). Additional tax information may be found in the SAI.
Taxes on Dividends and Distributions. For U.S. federal income tax purposes, distributions of investment income generally are taxable to you as ordinary income. Taxes on distributions of capital gains are determined by how long a Fund owned (or is deemed to have owned) the investments that generated the gains, rather than how long you have owned your shares. Distributions that a Fund properly reports to you as gains from investments that a Fund owned (or is deemed to have owned) for more than one year (“Capital Gain Dividends”) generally are treated as long-term capital gains includible in your net capital gain and taxed to individuals at reduced rates. Distributions of gains from investments that a Fund owned (or is deemed to have owned) for one year or less and gains on the sale of or payments on bonds characterized as having market discount generally are taxable to you as ordinary income. Distributions of investment income that a Fund properly reports to you as derived from qualified dividend income are taxed in the hands of individuals at the reduced rates applicable to net capital gains, provided holding period and other requirements are met at both the shareholder and Fund level. DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF do not expect a significant portion of their distributions to derive from qualified dividend income.
Corporate shareholders may be entitled to a dividends-received deduction for the portion of dividends they receive from a Fund that are attributable to dividends received by the Fund from U.S. corporations, subject to certain limitations. DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF do not expect a significant portion of their distributions to be eligible for the dividends-received deduction for corporate shareholders.
Distributions by a Fund to its shareholders that the Fund properly reports as “section 199A dividends,” as defined and subject to certain conditions described below, are treated as qualified REIT dividends in the hands of non-corporate shareholders. Non-corporate shareholders are permitted a federal income tax deduction equal to 20% of qualified REIT dividends received by them, subject to certain limitations. Very generally, a “section 199A dividend” is any dividend or portion thereof that is attributable to certain dividends received by a regulated investment company from REITs, to the extent such dividends are properly reported as such by the regulated investment company in a written notice to its shareholders. A section 199A dividend is treated as a qualified REIT dividend only if the shareholder receiving such dividend holds the dividend-paying regulated investment company shares for at least 46 days of the 91-day period beginning 45 days before the shares become ex-dividend, and is not under an obligation to make related payments with respect to a position in substantially similar or related property. A Fund is permitted to report such part of its dividends as section 199A dividends as are eligible, but is not required to do so. Distributions of income or gain attributable to derivatives with respect to REIT securities, including swaps, will not constitute qualified REIT dividends and will not be eligible for such deduction.
Distributions are taxable to you even if they are paid from income or gains earned by the Fund before your investment (and thus were included in the price you paid). Distributions are taxable in the manner described herein whether you receive them in cash or reinvest them in additional shares of a Fund.
A dividend or distribution received shortly after the purchase of Fund shares reduces the NAV of the shares by the amount of the dividend or distribution and, although in effect a return of capital, will be taxable to the shareholder, commonly referred to as “buying a dividend.”
Distributions by a Fund to retirement plans and other tax-advantaged accounts that qualify for tax-advantaged treatment under federal income tax laws generally will not be taxable. Special tax rules apply to investments through such plans and/or
 
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accounts. You should consult your tax advisor to determine the suitability of a Fund as an investment through such a plan and/or account and the tax treatment of distributions (including distributions of amounts attributable to an investment in a Fund) from such a plan and/or account.
A Fund’s investment in certain debt obligations, derivatives and hedging transactions can cause a Fund to recognize taxable income in excess of the cash generated by such investments. Thus, a Fund could be required at times to liquidate investments, including at times when it may not be advantageous to do so, in order to satisfy its distribution requirements (see “Tax Status of the Funds” below). Such dispositions could result in realization of capital gains, including short-term capital gains generally taxable to shareholders at ordinary income rates when distributed to them.
Distributions by the Fund to shareholders that are not “United States persons” within the meaning of the Code (“non-U.S. investors”) properly reported by the Fund as (1) Capital Gain Dividends, (2) short-term capital gain dividends or (3) interest-related dividends, each as defined and subject to certain conditions described in the SAI, generally are not subject to withholding of U.S. federal income tax.
Distributions by the Fund to foreign shareholders other than Capital Gain Dividends, short-term capital gain dividends and interest-related dividends (e.g., dividends attributable to dividend and foreign-source interest income or to short-term capital gains or U.S. source interest income to which the exception from withholding described above does not apply) are generally subject to withholding of U.S. federal income tax at a rate of 30% (or lower applicable treaty rate).
If you are a non-U.S. investor, please consult your own tax advisor regarding the tax consequences of investing in a Fund.
Taxes When Shares Are Sold. Assuming you hold Fund shares as a capital asset, any gain resulting from a sale of your shares in the Fund generally will be subject to federal income tax at either short-term or long-term capital gain rates depending on how long you owned your shares. However, any capital loss on a sale of shares held for six months or less will be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of Capital Gain Dividends received (or deemed received) with respect to such shares. The ability to deduct capital losses may be limited.
The cost basis of shares of a Fund acquired by purchase will generally be based on the amount paid for the shares and may be subsequently adjusted for other applicable transactions as required by the Code. The difference between the selling price and the cost basis of shares generally determines the amount of the capital gain or loss realized on the sale or exchange of shares. Contact the broker through whom you purchased your shares to obtain information with respect to the available cost basis reporting methods and elections for your account.
Taxes on Purchases and Redemptions of Creation Units.
An Authorized Participant having the U.S. dollar as its functional currency for U.S. federal income tax purposes who exchanges securities for Creation Units generally recognizes a gain or loss. The gain or loss will be equal to the difference between the value of the Creation Units at the time of the exchange and the exchanging Authorized Participant’s aggregate basis in the securities delivered plus the amount of any cash paid for the Creation Units. An Authorized Participant who exchanges Creation Units for securities will generally recognize a gain or loss equal to the difference between the exchanging Authorized Participant’s basis in the Creation Units and the aggregate U.S. dollar market value of the securities received, plus any cash received for such Creation Units. The IRS may assert, however, that a loss that is realized upon an exchange of securities for Creation Units may not be currently deducted under the rules governing “wash sales” (for an Authorized Participant who does not mark-to-market their holdings) or on the basis that there has been no significant change in economic position. Authorized Participants exchanging securities should consult their own tax advisor with respect to whether wash sale rules apply and when a loss might be deductible.
A Fund may include a payment of cash in addition to, or in place of, the delivery of a basket of securities upon the redemption of Creation Units. A Fund may sell portfolio securities to obtain the cash needed to distribute redemption proceeds. This may cause a Fund to recognize investment income and/or capital gains or losses that it might not have recognized if it had completely satisfied the redemption in-kind. As a result, a Fund may be less tax efficient if it includes such a cash payment in the proceeds paid upon the redemption of Creation Units.
Net Investment Income Tax. The Code generally imposes a 3.8% tax on the “net investment income” of certain individuals, estates and trusts to the extent their income exceeds certain threshold amounts. For these purposes, net investment income generally includes dividends paid by a Fund, including any capital gain dividends, and net gains recognized on the sale, redemption, exchange or other taxable disposition of shares of a Fund. Shareholders are advised to consult their tax advisors regarding the possible implications of this tax on their investment in a Fund.
 
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Tax Status of the Funds. Each Fund has elected or intends to elect and intends to qualify and to be eligible to be treated each year as RIC under the Code, such that the Fund will not be subject to federal income tax on income and gains timely distributed to shareholders. In order to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded to a RIC and their shareholders, a Fund must meet requirements with respect to the sources of its income, the diversification of its assets, and the distribution of its income. A Fund could in some cases cure a failure to comply with these requirements, including by paying a Fund-level tax and, in the case of a diversification failure, disposing of certain assets. If a Fund were ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such a failure, or if a Fund were otherwise to fail to qualify as a RIC, the Fund would be subject to federal income tax on its net income at regular corporate rates without reduction for distributions to shareholders. When distributed, that income would also be taxable to shareholders as an ordinary dividend to the extent attributable to a Fund’s earnings and profits, thereby potentially diminishing shareholder returns.
Investments in Foreign Securities. A Fund’s investments in foreign securities may be subject to foreign withholding or other taxes. In that case, a Fund’s return on those securities may be decreased. If a Fund meets certain requirements with respect to its asset holdings, it will be eligible to elect to permit shareholders of the Fund to claim a credit or deduction with respect to foreign taxes paid by the Fund. In addition, investments in foreign securities or foreign currencies may increase or accelerate a Fund’s recognition of ordinary income and may affect the timing or amount of the Fund’s distributions.
Derivatives. A Fund’s use of derivatives may affect the amount, timing, and character of distributions to shareholders and, therefore, may increase the amount of taxes payable by shareholders. In addition, the tax rules applicable to derivatives are in many cases uncertain under current law. An adverse determination, future guidance by the IRS or Treasury regulations, in each case with potentially retroactive effect, might bear adversely on a Fund’s ability to satisfy the distribution or other requirements to maintain its qualification as a RIC and avoid a fund-level tax.
Backup Withholding. A Fund will be required in certain cases to withhold on distributions paid to a shareholder who (1) has provided the Fund either an incorrect tax identification number or no number at all, (2) who is subject to backup withholding by the IRS for failure to properly report payments of interest or dividends, or (3) who has failed to certify to the Fund that such shareholder is not subject to backup withholding.
Reporting. Shareholders will be advised annually as to the federal tax status of distributions made by a Fund for the preceding calendar year.
Consult your tax advisor about other possible tax consequences. This is a summary of certain U.S. federal income tax consequences of investing in the Funds. You should consult your tax advisor for more information on your own tax situation, including possible other federal, state, local and foreign tax consequences of investing in the Fund. For more information, see “Distributions and Taxes” in the SAI.
Creations and Redemptions
Prior to trading in the secondary market, shares of the Fund are “created” at NAV by market makers, large investors and institutions only in Creation Units or multiples thereof. Each Authorized Participant enters into an authorized participant agreement with the Funds’ distributor, Foreside Fund Services, LLC (the “Distributor”).
Creation and Redemption Transactions in DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
In transactions with a non-transparent ETF, each Authorized Participant creates or redeems large volumes of shares in Creation Units through an AP Representative. An AP Representative is an unaffiliated broker-dealer with which the Authorized Participant has signed an agreement (the “Confidential Account Agreement”) to establish a confidential account for the benefit of such Authorized Participant (a “Confidential Account”) and that will deliver or receive, on behalf of the Authorized Participant, all consideration to or from a Fund in a creation or redemption transaction. The AP Representative cannot be an affiliate of the Fund, the Adviser, or the Fund’s Authorized Participants.
Pursuant to the Confidential Account Agreement, the AP Representative is restricted from disclosing the composition of the Creation Basket (as defined below). In addition, the AP Representative undertakes an obligation not to use the identity or weighting of the securities in the Creation Basket for any purpose other than executing creations and redemptions for a Fund. The purpose of this arrangement is to protect the identity and weightings of each Fund’s portfolio holdings. An AP Representative will not trade securities in the Confidential Account on behalf of an Authorized Participant other than buying or selling the securities included in a Creation Basket to be delivered to or received from, respectively, a Fund.
Each day, prior to the commencement of trading, the Funds’ custodian will transmit the composition of each Fund’s Creation Basket for that day to each AP Representative. Acting on execution instructions from an Authorized Participant, the AP
 
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Representative may purchase or sell the securities in the Creation Basket for purposes of effecting in-kind creation and redemption activity during the day. An Authorized Participant will bear the profits and losses that result from an AP Representative’s purchase of securities in the Creation Basket and creation order with the Fund, and an AP Representative’s redemption order with the Fund and sale of securities in the Creation Basket. The AP Representative will communicate to an Authorized Participant information about the execution of the Creation Basket as a whole and not information about the execution of transactions in individual securities in the Creation Basket. Authorized Participants will be able to monitor the execution quality of the AP Representative by comparing the price at which the AP Representative purchases or sells Creation Baskets with the Fund’s VIIV and end of day NAV.
A creation transaction, which is subject to acceptance by the Distributor, generally begins when an Authorized Participant enters into an irrevocable creation order with a Fund and delivers to the AP Representative the cash necessary to purchase the designated portfolio of securities that constitute the Creation Basket in the Confidential Account. The AP Representative then purchases and delivers the designated portfolio of securities (“Deposit Instruments”) to the Fund’s custodian, and the Fund then instructs the custodian to exchange the Deposit Instruments for a specified number of shares in volumes of Creation Units. The AP Representative will seek to assemble the shares of the Creation Basket in a manner that will not reveal its composition.
A redemption transaction generally begins when an Authorized Participant enters into an irrevocable redemption order with a Fund. The Fund then instructs the custodian to deliver a designated portfolio of securities (“Redemption Instruments”) that constitute the Creation Basket to the appropriate AP Representative’s Confidential Account in exchange for the individual Fund shares in volumes of Creation Units being redeemed. The Authorized Participant will instruct the AP Representative when to liquidate the securities in the Confidential Account, which will be liquidated no later than the end of the day, so that the Confidential Account holds no positions at the end of day.
On any given Business Day, the name and quantities of the instruments that constitute Deposit Instruments and Redemption Instruments (the “Creation Basket”) will be identical to and will correspond pro rata to the positions in a Fund’s portfolio (including cash positions) used to calculate the Fund’s NAV for that day.
The prices at which creations and redemptions occur are based on the next calculation of NAV after a creation or redemption order is received in proper form under the authorized participant agreement.
Creation and Redemption Transactions in DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
A creation transaction, which is subject to acceptance by the Distributor, generally begins when an Authorized Participant enters into an irrevocable creation order with a Fund and delivers to the Fund via its custodian the designated portfolio of securities (“Deposit Instruments”) to exchange the Deposit Instruments for a specified number of shares in volumes of Creation Units.
A redemption transaction generally begins when an Authorized Participant enters into an irrevocable redemption order with a Fund. The Fund then instructs the custodian to deliver a designated portfolio of securities (“Redemption Instruments”) that constitute the Creation Basket to the Authorized Participant in exchange for the individual Fund shares in volumes of Creation Units being redeemed.
The name and quantities of the instruments that constitute Deposit Instruments and Redemption Instruments (the “Creation Basket”) may be identical to and may correspond pro rata to the positions in a Fund’s portfolio (including cash positions) used to calculate the Fund’s NAV for that day. However, a Fund may accept “custom baskets” that are not a pro rata representation of the positions in the Fund’s portfolio. ETFs that invest principally in fixed-income instruments often will accept custom baskets. More information regarding custom baskets is contained in the Fund’s SAI.
Creation and Redemption Transactions in DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF, DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF, DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF and DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
To the extent a Fund engages in in-kind transactions with an Authorized Participant or AP Representative, the Fund intends to comply with the U.S. federal securities laws in accepting securities for deposit and satisfying redemptions with redemption securities by, among other means, assuring that any securities accepted for deposit and any securities used to satisfy redemption requests will be sold in transactions that would be exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “1933 Act”).
Information about the procedures regarding creation and redemption of Creation Units (including the cut-off times for receipt of creation and redemption orders) is included in the SAI.
 
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Because new shares may be created and issued on an ongoing basis, at any point during the life of the Funds, a “distribution,” as such term is used in the 1933 Act, may be occurring. Broker-dealers and other persons are cautioned that some activities on their part may, depending on the circumstances, result in their being deemed participants in a distribution in a manner that could render them statutory underwriters and subject to the prospectus delivery and liability provisions of the 1933 Act. Any determination of whether one is an underwriter must take into account all the relevant facts and circumstances of each particular case.
Broker-dealers should also note that dealers who are not “underwriters,” but are participating in a distribution (as contrasted to ordinary secondary transactions), and thus dealing with shares that are part of an “unsold allotment” within the meaning of Section 4(a)(3)(C) of the 1933 Act, would be unable to take advantage of the prospectus delivery exemption provided by Section 4(a)(3) of the 1933 Act. For delivery of prospectuses to exchange members, the prospectus delivery mechanism of Rule 153 under the 1933 Act is available only with respect to transactions on a national securities exchange.
Costs Associated with Creations and Redemptions
Authorized Participants are charged standard creation and redemption transaction fees by the Funds to offset transfer and other transaction costs associated with the issuance and redemption of Creation Units. The fees are designed to help protect existing shareholders from any dilutive costs associated with purchasing and redeeming Creation Units. The standard creation and redemption transaction fees are set forth in the table below. The standard creation transaction fee is charged to the Authorized Participant on any day such Authorized Participant creates a Creation Unit, and that fee amount does not vary regardless of the number of Creation Units purchased by the Authorized Participant on the applicable business day.
Similarly, the standard redemption transaction fee is charged to the Authorized Participant by the Funds on any day such Authorized Participant redeems a Creation Unit, and that fee amount does not vary regardless of the number of Creation Units redeemed by the Authorized Participant on the applicable business day. The Authorized Participant may also be required to cover certain brokerage, tax, execution, market impact and other costs and expenses related to the execution of trades resulting from such transaction (subject to the maximum amount shown below for redemptions). The Authorized Participant may also bear the costs of transferring the Deposit Instruments to or Redemption Instruments from a Fund, as applicable. Additional expenses may be incurred through DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF’s use of an AP Representative.
The following table shows, as of the date of this Prospectus, the approximate value of one Creation Unit of each Fund, standard fees, the additional charge for creations and the maximum additional charge for redemptions (as described above):
 
Fund   
Creation
Unit Size1
    
Standard
In-Kind
Creation/
Redemption
Transaction Fee1
    
Maximum
Variable
Charge for
Creations2
   
Maximum
Variable
Charge for
Redemptions2
 
DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF      20,000      $ 250        3.00     2.00
DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF      20,000      $ 250        3.00     2.00
DoubleLine Mortgage ETF      20,000      $ 250        3.00     2.00
DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF      40,000      $ 250        3.00     2.00
1 
May be changed by the Adviser at any time.
 
2 
This amount (inclusive of standard transaction fees), reflected as a percentage of the NAV per Creation Unit.
Variable charges may be imposed up to the maximum amount indicated in the table above. Actual transaction costs may vary depending on the time of day an order is received or the nature of the securities to be purchased or sold. The Adviser may adjust the Transaction Fee to ensure that a Fund collects the extra expenses associated with brokerage commissions and other expenses incurred by the Fund to acquire any Deposit Instruments not part of the Creation Basket from the Authorized Participant. Each Fund reserves the right to not impose a standard or variable creation transaction fee, or to vary the amount of the variable transaction fee imposed, up to the maximum amount listed above, depending on the materiality of the Fund’s actual transaction costs incurred in purchasing securities with the cash received, or where the Adviser believes that not imposing the standard or variable transaction fee or varying the variable transaction fee would be in the best interests of the applicable Fund and its shareholders.
Premium/Discount and NAV Information
The Funds’ website, which is accessible free of charge, includes information that is updated on a daily basis, including, on a per share basis for each Fund, the prior business day’s NAV and the market closing price and a calculation of the premium or
 
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discount of the market closing price for Fund shares against such NAV. The Funds’ website also includes information on where and how to find the continuously updated VIIV and a historical comparison of each business day’s final VIIV to that business day’s NAV. The Funds’ website will disclose the median bid/ask spread for each Fund’s most recent 30 days based on the National Best Bid and Offer, as required by Rule 6c-11(c)(1)(v) under the 1940 Act. The Funds will also provide any other information on their website regarding premiums/discounts that ETFs registered under the 1940 Act are required to provide from time to time.
Index Description
The following index description is based on information provided on the respective index provider’s website or from other third-party sources. The Funds and DoubleLine have not verified this description and disclaim responsibility for its accuracy and completeness.
The Shiller Barclays CAPE® US Sector TR USD Index (for purposes of this description, the “Index”) incorporates the principles of long-term investing distilled by Dr. Robert Shiller and expressed through the CAPE® Ratio. The classic CAPE® Ratio assesses equity market valuations and averages ten years of inflation adjusted earnings to account for earnings and market cycles. Traditional valuation measures, such as the price-earnings (PE) ratio, by contrast, typically rely on earnings information from only the past year. The Index uses a relative version of the classic CAPE® Ratio to identify undervalued sectors while also seeking to exclude a sector that may appear undervalued, but which may have also had recent relative price underperformance due to fundamental issues with the sector that may negatively affect the sector’s long-term total return.
The Index’s composition is determined monthly. Each month, the Index’s methodology ranks eleven US sectors based on a modified CAPE® Ratio (a “value” factor) and a twelve-month price momentum factor (a “momentum” factor). Each US sector is represented by a sector ETF that tracks a sector index, which is an ETF in the family of Select Sector SPDR Funds or, in the case of the real estate sector, the iShares Dow Jones U.S. Real Estate Index Fund. The Index methodology selects the five US sectors with the lowest modified CAPE® Ratio — the sectors that are the most undervalued according to the CAPE® Ratio. Only four of these five sectors, however, end up in the Index for a given month, as the sector with the worst 12-month price momentum (“total return”) among the five selected sectors is eliminated. The Index methodology allocates an equally weighted long (i.e., investment) exposure to the four remaining US sectors.
Direct investment in an index is not possible.
Disclaimers
Shiller Barclays CAPE® Index Disclaimers
Barclays Capital Inc. and its affiliates (“Barclays”) is not the issuer, sponsor or promoter of DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF (in this paragraph, the “Fund”) and Barclays has no responsibilities, obligations or duties to investors in the Fund. The Shiller Barclays CAPE® US Sector TR USD Index (an “Index”) consist of the respective trademarks of Barclays Bank PLC and trademarks owned by or licensed to RSBB-I, LLC and Barclays Bank PLC and that are licensed for use by the DoubleLine ETF Trust as the Issuer of the Fund. Barclays’ only relationship with the Issuer in respect of the Indices is the licensing of these trademarks and the Indices which are determined, composed and calculated by Barclays without regard to the Issuer or the Fund or the owners of the Fund. Additionally, DoubleLine ETF Adviser LP may, for the Fund, execute transaction(s) with Barclays in or relating to the Index; Fund investors acquire interests solely in the Fund; Fund investors neither acquire any interest in the Fund’s Index nor enter into any relationship of any kind whatsoever with Barclays upon making an investment in the Fund. The Fund is not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by Barclays. Barclays does not make any representation or warranty, express or implied regarding the advisability of investing in the Fund or the advisability of investing in securities generally or the ability of the Index to track corresponding or relative market performance. Barclays has not passed on the legality or suitability of the Fund’s names or the Index with respect to any person or entity. Barclays is not responsible for and has not participated in the determination of the timing of, prices of, or quantities of the shares of the Fund to be issued. Barclays has no obligation to take the needs of the Issuer or the owners of the Fund or any other third party into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the Index. Barclays has no obligation or liability in connection with administration, marketing or trading of the Fund. The licensing agreement between DoubleLine ETF Trust and Barclays is solely for the benefit of the Fund and Barclays and not for the benefit of the owners of the Fund, investors or other third parties.
BARCLAYS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO THE ISSUER, INVESTORS OR TO OTHER THIRD PARTIES FOR THE USE OF THE DOUBLELINE SHILLER CAPE® NAME, OR THE QUALITY, ACCURACY AND/OR COMPLETENESS OF THE SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN OR FOR INTERRUPTIONS IN THE DELIVERY OF THE
 
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SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX. BARCLAYS MAKES NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY THE ISSUER, THE INVESTORS OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN. BARCLAYS MAKES NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE WITH RESPECT TO DOUBLELINE SHILLER CAPE® NAME, THE SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN. BARCLAYS RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE THE METHODS OF CALCULATION OR PUBLICATION, OR TO CEASE THE CALCULATION OR PUBLICATION OF THE SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX, AND BARCLAYS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY MISCALCULATION OF OR ANY INCORRECT, DELAYED OR INTERRUPTED PUBLICATION WITH RESPECT TO THE SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX. BARCLAYS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY LOST PROFITS AND EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH, RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE SHILLER BARCLAYS CAPE® US SECTOR TR USD INDEX OR ANY DATA INCLUDED THEREIN OR WITH RESPECT TO THE DOUBLELINE SHILLER CAPE® NAME.
None of the information supplied by Barclays Bank PLC and used in this publication may be reproduced in any manner without the prior written permission of Barclays Capital, the investment banking division of Barclays Bank PLC. Barclays Bank PLC is registered in England No. 1026167. Registered office 1 Churchill Place London E14 5HP.
THE SHILLER BARCLAYS INDICES HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED IN PART BY RSBB-I, LLC, THE RESEARCH PRINCIPAL OF WHICH IS ROBERT J. SHILLER. RSBB-I, LLC IS NOT AN INVESTMENT ADVISOR, AND DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE SHILLER BARCLAYS INDICES OR ANY DATA OR METHODOLOGY EITHER INCLUDED THEREIN OR UPON WHICH IT IS BASED. NEITHER RSBB-I, LLC NOR ROBERT J. SHILLER OR ANY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE PARTNERS, EMPLOYEES, SUBCONTRACTORS, AGENTS, SUPPLIERS AND VENDORS (COLLECTIVELY, THE “PROTECTED PARTIES”), SHALL HAVE ANY LIABILITY, WHETHER CAUSED BY THE NEGLIGENCE OF A PROTECTED PARTY OR OTHERWISE, FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR INTERRUPTIONS THEREIN, AND MAKE NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO PERFORMANCE OR RESULTS EXPERIENCED BY ANY PARTY FROM THE USE OF ANY INFORMATION INCLUDED THEREIN OR UPON WHICH IT IS BASED, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT THERETO, AND SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIMS OR LOSSES OF ANY NATURE IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOST PROFITS OR PUNITIVE OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF RSBB-I, LLC, ROBERT J. SHILLER OR ANY PROTECTED PARTY IS ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SAME.
 
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Financial Highlights
The following tables illustrate the financial performance of each Fund for the fiscal period shown. Total return illustrates how much your investment in a Fund would have increased or decreased during a period, assuming you had reinvested all dividends and distributions. This information has been audited by Deloitte & Touche LLP, the Funds’ independent registered public accounting firm. Its report and the Funds’ financial statements are included in the Funds’ most recent Annual Report to shareholders, which is available upon request by calling toll-free (855) 937-0772 or via www.doubleline.com. You may request additional or more recent information, when it becomes available, at no charge by calling the phone number above or via www.doubleline.com.
 
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DoubleLine Opportunistic Bond ETF
 
    
Year Ended
September 30, 2023
   
Period Ended
September 30, 2022(a)
 
Net Asset Value, Beginning of Period     $45.61       $50.00  
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM INVESTMENT OPERATIONS:    
Net Investment Income (Loss)(b)     2.08       0.82  
Net Gain (Loss) on Investments (Realized and Unrealized)     (1.65     (4.59
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total from Investment Operations     0.43       (3.77
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
LESS DISTRIBUTIONS:    
Distributions from Net Investment Income     (1.90     (0.62
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total Distributions     (1.90     (0.62
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net Asset Value, End of Period     $44.14       $45.61  
Total Return     0.84 %(c)      (7.60 )%(d) 
SUPPLEMENTAL DATA:    
Net Assets, End of Period (000’s)     $188,077       $46,572  
RATIOS TO AVERAGE NET ASSETS:    
Expenses     0.50     0.50 %(e) 
Net Investment Income (Loss)     4.55     3.38 %(e) 
Portfolio Turnover Rate(f)     169     183 %(d) 
(a) 
Commencement of operations on March 31, 2022. Total return is based on operations for a period that is less than a year.
 
(b) 
Calculated based on average shares outstanding during the period.
 
(c) 
The return includes adjustments in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles required at period end date.
 
(d) 
Not annualized for periods less than one year.
 
(e) 
Annualized for periods less than one year.
 
(f) 
In-kind transactions are not included in portfolio turnover calculations.
 
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DoubleLine Commercial Real Estate ETF
 
     Period Ended
September 30,
2023(a)
 
Net Asset Value, Beginning of Period     $50.00  
 
 
 
 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM INVESTMENT OPERATIONS:  
Net Investment Income (Loss)(b)     1.35  
Net Gain (Loss) on Investments (Realized and Unrealized)     (0.01
 
 
 
 
Total from Investment Operations     1.34  
 
 
 
 
LESS DISTRIBUTIONS:  
Distributions from Net Investment Income     (0.98
 
 
 
 
Total Distributions     (0.98
 
 
 
 
Net Asset Value, End of Period     $50.36  
Total Return(c)     2.69
SUPPLEMENTAL DATA:  
Net Assets, End of Period (000’s)     $60,438  
RATIOS TO AVERAGE NET ASSETS:  
Expenses(d)     0.39
Net Investment Income (Loss)(d)     5.33
Portfolio Turnover Rate(c)     36
(a) 
Commencement of operations on March 31, 2023. Total return is based on operations for a period that is less than a year.
 
(b) 
Calculated based on average shares outstanding during the period.
 
(c) 
Not annualized for periods less than one year.
 
(d) 
Annualized for periods less than one year.
 
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DoubleLine Mortgage ETF
 
     Period Ended
September 30,
2023(a)
 
Net Asset Value, Beginning of Period     $50.00  
 
 
 
 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM INVESTMENT OPERATIONS:  
Net Investment Income (Loss)(b)     1.04  
Net Gain (Loss) on Investments (Realized and Unrealized)     (3.35
 
 
 
 
Total from Investment Operations     (2.31
 
 
 
 
LESS DISTRIBUTIONS:  
Distributions from Net Investment Income     (0.73
 
 
 
 
Total Distributions     (0.73
 
 
 
 
Net Asset Value, End of Period     $46.96  
Total Return(c),(d)     (4.67 )% 
SUPPLEMENTAL DATA:  
Net Assets, End of Period (000’s)     $98,615  
RATIOS TO AVERAGE NET ASSETS:  
Expenses(e)     0.49
Net Investment Income (Loss)(e)     4.23
Portfolio Turnover Rate(c)     31
(a) 
Commencement of operations on March 31, 2023. Total return is based on operations for a period that is less than a year.
 
(b) 
Calculated based on average shares outstanding during the period.
 
(c) 
Not annualized for periods less than one year.
 
(d) 
The return includes adjustments in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles required at period end date.
 
(d) 
Annualized for periods less than one year.
 
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DoubleLine Shiller CAPE® U.S. Equities ETF
 
     Year Ended
September 30, 2023
    Period Ended
September 30, 2022(a)
 
Net Asset Value, Beginning of Period     $20.01       $25.00  
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM INVESTMENT OPERATIONS:    
Net Investment Income (Loss)(b)     0.25       0.14  
Net Gain (Loss) on Investments (Realized and Unrealized)     3.65       (5.07
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total from Investment Operations     3.90       (4.93
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
LESS DISTRIBUTIONS: