FORM 6-K
 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
 
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Report of Foreign Private Issuer
 
Pursuant to Rule 13a - 16 or 15d - 16 of
 
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the month of November
 
HSBC Holdings plc
 
42nd Floor, 8 Canada Square, London E14 5HQ, England
 
(Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F).
 
Form 20-F X Form 40-F ......
 
(Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).
 
Yes....... No X
 
(If "Yes" is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b): 82- ..............).
 
 
 
Earnings Release - 3Q16

 
7 November 2016
 
HSBC Holdings plc - Earnings Release
HSBC Holdings plc ('HSBC') will be conducting a trading update conference call with analysts and investors today to coincide with the publication of its Earnings Release. The call will take place at 07.15am GMT. Details of how to participate in the call and the live audio webcast can be found at www.hsbc.com/investor-relations.
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
1
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
Table of contents
 
 
 
 
Highlights
 
4
Group Chief Executive's comments
 
5
Adjusted performance
 
6
Financial performance commentary
 
8
Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements
 
13
Summary consolidated income statement
 
14
Summary consolidated balance sheet
 
15
Capital
 
 
16
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Risk-weighted assets
 
18
 
Leverage
 
20
Summary information - global businesses
 
21
Summary information - geographical regions
 
26
Appendix - selected information
 
31
Reconciliation of reported results to adjusted performance
 
31
Gross loans and advances by industry sector and by
 
 
geographical region
 
40
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
2
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
Terms and abbreviations
 
 
 
2Q16
Second quarter of 2016
3Q15/3Q16
Third quarter of 2015/2016
9M15/9M16
Nine months to 30 September 2015/2016
BoCom
Bank of Communications Co., Limited, one of China's largest banks
CET1
Common equity tier 1
CMB
Commercial Banking, a global business
CML
Consumer and Mortgage Lending (US)
Costs to achieve
Transformation costs to deliver the cost reduction and productivity outcomes outlined in the Investor Update in June 2015
CRD IV
Capital Requirements Directive IV
CRR
Capital Requirements Regulation
DVA
Debit valuation adjustment
EBA
European Banking Authority
FTEs
Full-time equivalent staff
FX
Foreign exchange
GB&M
Global Banking and Markets, a global business
GPB
Global Private Banking, a global business
Group
HSBC Holdings together with its subsidiary undertakings
IFRSs
International Financial Reporting Standards
Industrial Bank
Industrial Bank Co. Limited, a national joint-stock bank in mainland China in which Hang Seng Bank Limited has a shareholding
IRB
Internal ratings-based
Jaws
The difference between the rate of growth of revenue and the rate of growth of costs. Positive jaws is where the revenue growth rate exceeds the cost growth rate. We calculate this on an adjusted basis
JV
Joint venture
Legacy credit
A portfolio of assets comprising Solitaire Funding Limited, securities investment conduits, asset-backed securities trading portfolios, credit correlation portfolios and derivative transactions entered into directly with monoline insurers
LICs
Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions
MENA
Middle East and North Africa
Other
Contains the results of HSBC's holding company and financing operations, central support and functional costs with associated recoveries, unallocated investment activities, centrally held investment companies, certain property transactions, movements in fair value of own debt and the UK bank levy
Own credit spread
Fair value movements on our long-term debt designated at fair value resulting from changes in credit spread
PBT
Profit before tax
PRA
Prudential Regulation Authority (UK)
Principal RBWM
RBWM excluding the effects of the US run-off portfolio
Revenue
Net operating income before LICs
RBWM
Retail Banking and Wealth Management, a global business
RoRWA
Pre-tax return on RWAs is calculated using an average of RWAs at quarter-ends
 
RWAs
Risk-weighted assets
$m/$bn
United States dollar millions/billions
VaR
Value at risk
 
Note to editors
HSBC Holdings plc
 
HSBC Holdings plc, the parent company of HSBC, is headquartered in London. HSBC serves customers worldwide from approximately 4,000 offices in 71 countries and territories in Europe, Asia, North and Latin America, and the Middle East and North Africa. With assets of $2,557bn at 30 September 2016, HSBC is one of the world's largest banking and financial services organisations.
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
3
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
 
Highlights
Strategy execution
 
 
Further reduction in RWAs through the completion of Brazil disposal and other management actions.
 
 
 
Reduction in 3Q16 operating expenses on both a reported and adjusted basis to $8.7bn and $7.2bn respectively.
 
 
 
Positive adjusted jaws of 5.6% for 3Q16, and 1.5% for 9M16.
 
 
 
Increased market share in a number of key markets and international product areas, including trade finance in Hong Kong and Singapore.
 
 
 
Share buy-back programme is now 59% complete and expect to finish in late 2016 or early 2017.
 
Financial performance
 
 
Adjusted profit before tax ('PBT') in 3Q16 of $5.6bn, up 7%; reported PBT of $843m.
 
 
 
Adjusted revenue in 3Q16 of $12.8bn, up $0.3bn from increases in client-facing GB&M (+11%) and Principal RBWM (+9%); reported revenue in 3Q16 of $9.5bn, down $5.6bn reflecting the impact of significant items.
 
 
 
Adjusted PBT of $16.7bn in 9M16, down 6% or $1.0bn; reported PBT of $10.6bn.
 
Capital
 
 
Strong capital base with CRD IV end point CET1 ratio 13.9%, up from 12.1% at 30 June 2016, mainly due to a change in regulatory capital treatment of BoCom.
 
Financial highlights and key ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended 30 Sep
 
Quarter ended 30 Sep
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
Change
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
Change
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported PBT
 
10,557
 
 
19,725
 
 
(46
)
 
843
 
 
6,097
 
 
(86
)
Adjusted PBT
 
16,681
 
 
17,662
 
 
(6
)
 
5,591
 
 
5,240
 
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
 
Return on average ordinary shareholders' equity (annualised)
 
4.4
 
 
10.7
 
 
(59
)
 
(1.4
)
 
10.9
 
 
(113
)
Adjusted jaws
 
1.5
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.6
 
 
 
 
 
 
We use adjusted performance to understand the underlying trends in the business. The main differences between reported and adjusted are foreign currency translation and significant items, including the operating results for our Brazil business as well as the loss recognised on disposal.
 
Capital and balance sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At
 
 
30 Sep
 
 
30 Jun
 
 
31 Dec
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common equity tier 1 ratio1
 
13.9
 
 
12.1
 
 
11.9
 
Leverage ratio
 
5.4
 
 
5.1
 
 
5.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Loans and advances to customers
 
880,851
 
 
887,556
 
 
924,454
 
Customer accounts
 
1,296,444
 
 
1,290,958
 
 
1,289,586
 
Risk-weighted assets
 
904,062
 
 
1,082,184
 
 
1,102,995
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1    Since 1 January 2015 the CRD IV transitional CET1 and end point CET1 capital ratios have been aligned for HSBC Holdings plc.
 
The grant of the approval by the Prudential Regulation Authority to the change in regulatory capital of BoCom is inside information. This announcement is made by HSBC Holdings plc pursuant to the Inside Information Provisions (as defined under the Rules Governing the Listing of Securities on The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the 'Hong Kong Listing Rules')) under Part XIVA of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap. 571) and Rule 13.09(2)(a) of the Hong Kong Listing Rules.
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
4
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Stuart Gulliver, Group Chief Executive, commented:
 
Business performance
 
Our third-quarter performance reflected the strength of our network and the deepening impact of our strategic actions. Reported profits were down, but adjusted profits were higher than last year's third quarter in all four global businesses and four out of five regions. Reported profits included the impact of the disposal of our operations in Brazil, changes in the fair value of our own debt, and the costs of implementing our cost-reduction programmes.
 
Our global universal banking model generated higher adjusted revenue than for the same period last year, and our cost-reduction programmes continued to reduce our operating expenses. This produced adjusted positive jaws of 5.6% for the third quarter and 1.5% for the first nine months of the year.
 
Global Banking and Markets had strong adjusted revenue growth in the quarter, with market share gains in Debt Capital Markets globally, and Rates and Credit in Europe. We also achieved one of our best ever rankings for global cross-border mergers and acquisitions. Principal Retail Banking and Wealth Management performed relatively well due to the impact of stock market movements on our insurance business in Asia, compared with a weak third quarter of 2015. Commercial Banking revenue remained stable, as higher balances in Global Liquidity and Cash Management helped mitigate the impact of lower revenue from trade finance.
 
Following a change in the regulatory treatment of our investment in BoCom, our common equity tier 1 capital ratio increased to 13.9%. This is another action forming part of our ongoing capital management of the Group that reinforces our ability to support the dividend, to invest in the business and, over the medium term, to contemplate share buy-backs, as appropriate. It also provides us with a significant capacity to manage the continuing uncertain regulatory environment.
 
We had completed 59% of our $2.5bn equity buy-back at 31 October. We expect to finish the programme by the end of 2016 or early in the first quarter of 2017, depending on market trading volumes in the fourth quarter.
 
Strategy execution
 
We generated a further $57bn of RWA savings in the third quarter, $40bn of which came from the sale of our Brazil business. We are now more than 80% of the way to achieving our RWA reduction target.
 
We have also now achieved $2.8bn of annualised cost savings and are on track to achieve our 2017 cost-saving target as well.
 
Transaction banking revenue for the first nine months is broadly level with the same period in 2015 following a good performance from Global Liquidity and Cash Management. Trade revenue remained under pressure, but we continued to make market share gains in some of the world's biggest trade centres, including Hong Kong and Singapore.
 
Our US business disposed of a further $0.9bn of legacy CML assets in the third quarter. The principal US business reduced adjusted costs by 5% compared with last year's third quarter and achieved adjusted positive jaws of 6.7% for the first nine months of 2016.
 
Our Mexico business remains on track to meet its profitability targets. Higher lending and deposit balances across retail and wholesale businesses, and market share gains in personal loans and mortgages helped to more than double its adjusted profit before tax compared with last year's third quarter. We also grew adjusted revenue in Mexico by more than 20% in both Global Trade and Receivables Finance, and Global Liquidity and Cash Management.
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
5
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Adjusted performance
 
Adjusted performance is computed by adjusting reported results for the period-on-period effects of foreign currency translation differences and significant items, which distort period-on-period comparisons.
 
We use 'significant items' collectively to describe the group of individual adjustments that are excluded from reported results when arriving at adjusted performance. These items, which are detailed below, are ones that management and investors would ordinarily identify and consider separately when assessing performance in order to understand underlying trends in the business.
 
These items include the operating results for our Brazil operations sold to Banco Bradesco S.A. on 1 July 2016, as well as the loss recognised on disposal.
 
We consider adjusted performance provides useful information for investors by aligning internal and external reporting, identifying and quantifying items management believe to be significant, and providing insight into how management assesses period-on-period performance.
 
Foreign currency translation differences
 
Foreign currency translation differences reflect the movements of the US dollar against most major currencies. We exclude translation differences when deriving constant currency data because using this data allows us to assess balance sheet and income statement performance on a like-for-like basis to better understand the underlying trends in the business.
 
Foreign currency translation differences are computed by retranslating into US dollars for non-US dollar branches, subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates:
 
 
in the income statement for 9M15, at the average rates of exchange for 9M16;
 
 
 
in the income statement for quarterly periods, at the average rates of exchange for 3Q16; and
 
 
 
the closing prior period balance sheets at the prevailing rates of exchange on 30 September 2016.
 
Significant items
 
The tables in the Appendix starting on page 30 detail the effect of significant items on each of our geographical segments and global businesses during 9M16 and 3Q16, and the respective comparatives in 2015.
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
6
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
Reconciliation of reported results to adjusted performance
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended  30 Sep
 
Quarter ended   30 Sep
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported
 
38,982
 
 
48,028
 
 
9,512
 
 
15,085
 
Currency translation
 
 
 
(2,233
)
 
 
 
(658
)
Significant items
 
171
 
 
(5,701
)
 
3,275
 
 
(1,899
)
- DVA on derivative contracts
 
(96
)
 
(416
)
 
55
 
 
(251
)
- fair value movements on non-qualifying hedges
 
385
 
 
353
 
 
(12
)
 
308
 
- loss on sale of several tranches of real estate secured accounts in the US
 
51
 
 
-
 
 
119
 
 
17
 
- gain on disposal of our membership interest in Visa Europe
 
(584
)
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
-  gain on the partial sale of shareholding in Industrial Bank
 
-
 
 
(1,372
)
 
-
 
 
-
 
- own credit spread
 
144
 
 
(1,775
)
 
1,370
 
 
(1,125
)
- provisions/(releases) arising from the ongoing review of compliance with the UK Consumer Credit Act
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
-
 
 
10
 
- loss and trading results from disposed-of operations in Brazil1
 
273
 
 
(2,489
)
 
1,743
 
 
(858
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted
 
39,153
 
 
40,094
 
 
12,787
 
 
12,528
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LICs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported
 
(2,932
)
 
(2,077
)
 
(566
)
 
(638
)
Currency translation
 
 
 
155
 
 
 
 
(3
)
Significant items
 
748
 
 
609
 
 
-
 
 
207
 
- trading results from disposed-of operations in Brazil1
 
748
 
 
609
 
 
-
 
 
207
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted
 
(2,184
)
 
(1,313
)
 
(566
)
 
(434
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported
 
(27,349
)
 
(28,226
)
 
(8,721
)
 
(9,039
)
Currency translation
 
 
 
1,476
 
 
 
 
437
 
Significant items
 
5,204
 
 
3,716
 
 
1,473
 
 
1,088
 
- costs to achieve2
 
2,032
 
 
165
 
 
1,014
 
 
165
 
- costs to establish UK ring-fenced bank3
 
147
 
 
28
 
 
53
 
 
28
 
- impairment of GPB - Europe goodwill
 
800
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- regulatory provisions in GPB
 
(46
)
 
154
 
 
(50
)
 
7
 
-  restructuring and other related costs
 
-
 
 
117
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- settlements and provisions in connection with legal matters
 
723
 
 
1,279
 
 
-
 
 
135
 
- UK customer redress programmes
 
489
 
 
204
 
 
456
 
 
67
 
- trading results from disposed-of operations in Brazil1
 
1,059
 
 
1,769
 
 
-
 
 
686
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted
 
(22,145
)
 
(23,034
)
 
(7,248
)
 
(7,514
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share of profit in associates and joint ventures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported
 
1,856
 
 
2,000
 
 
618
 
 
689
 
Currency translation
 
 
 
(86
)
 
 
 
(29
)
Significant items
 
1
 
 
1
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- trading results from disposed-of operations in Brazil1
 
1
 
 
1
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted
 
1,857
 
 
1,915
 
 
618
 
 
660
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported
 
10,557
 
 
19,725
 
 
843
 
 
6,097
 
Currency translation
 
 
 
(688
)
 
 
 
(253
)
Significant items
 
6,124
 
 
(1,375
)
 
4,748
 
 
(604
)
- revenue
 
171
 
 
(5,701
)
 
3,275
 
 
(1,899
)
- LICs
 
748
 
 
609
 
 
-
 
 
207
 
- operating expenses
 
5,204
 
 
3,716
 
 
1,473
 
 
1,088
 
- share in profit of associates
 
1
 
 
1
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted
 
16,681
 
 
17,662
 
 
5,591
 
 
5,240
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1          Includes loss on disposal, trading results, and foreign currency translation of operations in Brazil, which were sold on 1 July 2016. Trading results include inter-company transactions with other HSBC group entities. Trading
            results do not include 'DVA on derivative contracts', 'costs to achieve' and 'restructuring and other related costs' significant items. These significant items are included in the respective line items above. Further details are
            included in the Appendix on pages 30 to 37.
 
 
 
2
Transformation costs to deliver the cost reduction and productivity outcomes outlined in our Investor Update in June 2015.
 
 
 
3
Since 1 July 2015, costs to establish the UK ring-fenced bank have been classified as a significant item.
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
7
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
Financial performance commentary
Profit/(loss) before tax by global business and geographical region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended
 
Quarter ended
 
 
30 Sep  2016
 
 
30 Sep20151
 
 
30 Sep  2016
 
 
30 Jun20161
 
 
30 Sep20151
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
By global business
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail Banking and Wealth Management
 
2,648
 
 
4,522
 
 
266
 
 
1,249
 
 
1,160
 
Commercial Banking
 
5,839
 
 
6,749
 
 
1,535
 
 
2,254
 
 
2,226
 
Global Banking and Markets
 
5,967
 
 
6,895
 
 
1,961
 
 
1,885
 
 
2,141
 
Global Private Banking
 
(406
)
 
261
 
 
151
 
 
(667
)
 
81
 
Other
 
(3,491
)
 
1,298
 
 
(3,070
)
 
(1,113
)
 
489
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10,557
 
 
19,725
 
 
843
 
 
3,608
 
 
6,097
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By geographical region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Europe
 
(32
)
 
3,801
 
 
(1,617
)
 
(113
)
 
1,581
 
Asia
 
10,815
 
 
12,948
 
 
3,660
 
 
3,625
 
 
3,548
 
Middle East and North Africa
 
1,308
 
 
1,232
 
 
329
 
 
470
 
 
346
 
North America
 
116
 
 
1,169
 
 
66
 
 
(314
)
 
479
 
Latin America
 
(1,650
)
 
575
 
 
(1,595
)
 
(60
)
 
143
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10,557
 
 
19,725
 
 
843
 
 
3,608
 
 
6,097
 
 
 
 
1
In 3Q16, HSBC Bank plc executed a management services agreement, transferring its governance responsibilities over HSBC Bank A.S. (Turkey) to HSBC Bank Middle East Limited to leverage the strong commercial ties between Turkey and MENA. Comparative data for Europe and MENA have been re-presented accordingly.
 
Adjusted PBT by global business and region is presented to support the commentary on adjusted performance on the following pages.
 
Adjusted profit/(loss) before tax by global business and geographical region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended  30 Sep
 
Quarter ended   30 Sep
 
 
2016
 
 
20151
 
2016
 
 
20151
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
By global business
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail Banking and Wealth Management
 
4,908
 
 
5,322
 
 
1,799
 
 
1,510
 
Commercial Banking
 
6,363
 
 
6,428
 
 
2,096
 
 
2,080
 
Global Banking and Markets
 
6,506
 
 
6,988
 
 
2,513
 
 
1,926
 
Global Private Banking
 
351
 
 
402
 
 
109
 
 
86
 
Other
 
(1,447
)
 
(1,478
)
 
(926
)
 
(362
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16,681
 
 
17,662
 
 
5,591
 
 
5,240
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By geographical region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Europe
 
2,753
 
 
3,482
 
 
863
 
 
819
 
Asia
 
11,007
 
 
11,286
 
 
3,804
 
 
3,451
 
Middle East and North Africa
 
1,370
 
 
1,190
 
 
379
 
 
328
 
North America
 
1,067
 
 
1,461
 
 
383
 
 
556
 
Latin America
 
484
 
 
243
 
 
162
 
 
86
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16,681
 
 
17,662
 
 
5,591
 
 
5,240
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1          In 3Q16, HSBC Bank plc executed a management services agreement, transferring its governance responsibilities over HSBC Bank A.S. (Turkey) to HSBC Bank Middle East Limited to leverage the strong commercial ties between Turkey and MENA.
            Comparative data for Europe and MENA have been re-presented accordingly.
 
The tables on pages 30 to 37 reconcile reported to adjusted results for each of our geographical regions and global businesses.
 
 
 
3Q16 compared with 3Q15 - reported results
Movement in reported profit before tax compared with 3Q15
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
8
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3Q16
 
 
3Q15
 
 
Var
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
9,512
 
 
15,085
 
 
(5,573
)
 
(37
)
LICs
 
(566
)
 
(638
)
 
72
 
 
11
 
Operating expenses
 
(8,721
)
 
(9,039
)
 
318
 
 
4
 
Share of profit from associates and JVs
 
618
 
 
689
 
 
(71
)
 
(10
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
843
 
 
6,097
 
 
(5,254
)
 
(86
)
 
In 3Q16, reported PBT of $0.8bn was $5.3bn lower than in 3Q15. This was mainly due to a net unfavourable movement of $5.4bn in significant items and the adverse effect of foreign currency translation movements of $0.3bn, which are described in more detail on page 7. Movements in significant items included:
 
 
adverse fair value movements of $1.4bn arising from changes in credit spreads on our own debt designated at fair value, compared with favourable movements of $1.1bn in 3Q15;
 
 
 
a $1.7bn loss recognised on the sale of our Brazil business to Banco Bradesco S.A., which completed on 1 July 2016 (in 3Q16, the operating results of our Brazil business were minimal);
 
 
 
costs to achieve of $1.0bn in 3Q16 compared with $0.2bn in 3Q15; and
 
 
 
UK customer redress of $0.5bn in 3Q16 compared with $0.1bn in 3Q15.
 
These items had the effect of reducing reported PBT in RBWM, CMB and GB&M, although PBT in GPB rose. Excluding all significant items and the adverse effects of foreign currency translation differences between the periods, PBT rose by $0.4bn. The business drivers affecting our performance are covered in detail in the section below (see '3Q16 compared with 3Q15 - adjusted results' on this page).
 
Reported revenue of $9.5bn was $5.6bn lower than in 3Q15, notably driven by the adverse movements in the credit spread on our debt as mentioned above, and the unfavourable effects of foreign currency translation of $0.7bn between the periods. In addition, our reported revenue includes a loss recognised on the sale of our Brazil business of $1.7bn in 3Q16 compared with operating revenue of $0.9bn in Brazil in 3Q15. As a result of these items, reported revenue fell in all of our global businesses.
 
Reported LICs of $0.6bn were $0.1bn lower than in 3Q15, notably driven by the sale of our business in Brazil, where we recorded $0.2bn of LICs in 3Q15.
 
Reported operating expenses of $8.7bn were $0.3bn lower, as the adverse impact of significant items mentioned above (including the operating expenses for Brazil of nil in 3Q16 compared with $0.7bn in 3Q15) was broadly offset by the favourable effects of foreign currency translation between the periods of $0.4bn. Operating expenses fell in RBWM, CMB, GB&M and GPB, partly offset by a rise in Other.
 
3Q16 compared with 3Q15 - adjusted results
Movement in adjusted profit before tax compared with 3Q15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3Q16
 
 
3Q15
 
 
Var
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
12,787
 
 
12,528
 
 
259
 
 
2
 
LICs
 
(566
)
 
(434
)
 
(132
)
 
(30
)
Operating expenses
 
(7,248
)
 
(7,514
)
 
266
 
 
4
 
Share of profit from associates and JVs
 
618
 
 
660
 
 
(42
)
 
(6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
5,591
 
 
5,240
 
 
351
 
 
7
 
 
On an adjusted basis, PBT of $5.6bn was $0.4bn or 7% higher than 3Q15, reflecting an increase in revenue and lower costs, partly offset by an increase in LICs.
 
Adjusted revenue of $12.8bn increased by $0.3bn or 2%, mainly in GB&M (up $0.5bn or 13%) and in RBWM (up $0.3bn or 6%). Revenue in CMB was broadly unchanged. Key drivers are as follows:
 
 
In GB&M adjusted revenue increased by $0.5bn, driven by client-facing GB&M (up $0.4bn or 11%). This was primarily in our fixed income businesses - Rates (up $0.2bn) and Credit (up $0.2bn) - as we gained market share, notably in Europe, and improved client flows, which more than offset net adverse movements in Rates of $0.2bn on our own credit spreads in structured liabilities. Revenue also rose in Principal Investments ($0.1bn) reflecting higher gains on disposal. By contrast, revenue fell in Equities (down $0.1bn), resulting from unfavourable movements on our own credit spreads in structured liabilities in 3Q16 of $0.1bn, compared with favourable movements of $0.1bn in 3Q15. Excluding these movements, revenue in Equities was broadly unchanged. In legacy credit, revenue increased by $0.1bn following higher revaluation gains in 3Q16.
 
 
 
In RBWM, adjusted revenue rose by $0.3bn. In Principal RBWM (up $0.4bn), this was driven by an increase in revenue in wealth management of $0.3bn arising from unfavourable market conditions in insurance manufacturing in Asia in 3Q15. Current account and savings revenue also increased, by $0.1bn, as we grew deposit balances in most regions and benefited from wider spreads, primarily in Hong Kong, Mexico and Argentina. By contrast, revenue from personal lending fell by $0.1bn, driven by lower credit card revenue, notwithstanding growth in lending volumes in Hong Kong, the UK and Mexico. In our US run-off business, revenue fell by $0.1bn as we continued to reduce the size of our US CML run-off portfolio.
 
These increases were partly offset:
 
 
 
In Other, adjusted revenue decreased $0.7bn, partly reflecting higher interest expense relating to long-term debt issued by HSBC Holdings plc. The remainder of the decrease related to a number of intra-group adjustments, which were largely offset within the global businesses.
 
Adjusted LICs of $0.6bn were $0.1bn or 30% higher. In RBWM, LICs increased by $0.1bn, principally in Mexico reflecting our strategic focus on growing unsecured lending balances.
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
9
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Additionally, in CMB LICs increased from a small number of charges against specific exposures, notably in Hong Kong, mainland China and Spain, as well as an increase in charges in the UK.
 
Adjusted operating expenses of $7.2bn were $0.3bn or 4% lower, despite inflationary pressures. This primarily reflected the effect of our transformational cost saving through organisational design, reduced FTEs and branch optimisation, as well as lower performance costs across the business.
 
9M16 compared with 9M15 - reported results
Movement in reported profit before tax compared with 9M15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9M16
 
 
9M15
 
 
Var
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
38,982
 
 
48,028
 
 
(9,046
)
 
(19
)
LICs
 
(2,932
)
 
(2,077
)
 
(855
)
 
(41
)
Operating expenses
 
(27,349
)
 
(28,226
)
 
877
 
 
3
 
Share of profit from associates and JVs
 
1,856
 
 
2,000
 
 
(144
)
 
(7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
10,557
 
 
19,725
 
 
(9,168
)
 
(46
)
 
Reported PBT of $10.6bn in 9M16 was $9.2bn or 46% lower than in 9M15. This was primarily due to net adverse movements relating to significant items and the unfavourable effects of foreign currency translation, which are described in more detail below and on page 7. Excluding significant items and currency translation, adjusted profit before tax fell by $1.0bn. The business drivers affecting performance are covered in detail in the section below (see '9M16 compared with 9M15 - adjusted results').
 
Movement in reported revenue compared with 9M15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9M16
 
 
9M15
 
 
Var
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RBWM
 
15,306
 
 
17,912
 
 
(2,606
)
 
(15
)
CMB
 
10,320
 
 
11,236
 
 
(916
)
 
(8
)
GB&M
 
12,927
 
 
14,786
 
 
(1,859
)
 
(13
)
GPB
 
1,435
 
 
1,685
 
 
(250
)
 
(15
)
Other1
 
(1,006
)
 
2,409
 
 
(3,415
)
 
(142
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
38,982
 
 
48,028
 
 
(9,046
)
 
(19
)
 
 
 
1
Other includes Inter-segment.
 
Reported revenue of $39.0bn in 9M16 was $9.0bn or 19% lower than in 9M15, in part due to a net unfavourable movement in significant items of $5.9bn, which included:
 
 
adverse fair value movements of $0.1bn arising from changes in credit spreads on our own debt designated at fair value, compared with favourable movements of $1.8bn in 9M15;
 
 
 
the $1.7bn loss recognised on the sale of our Brazil business to Banco Bradesco S.A., which we completed on 1 July 2016. In addition, the reported results include the revenue earned in our Brazil business of $1.5bn in 9M16 compared with $2.5bn in 9M15; and
 
 
 
the non-recurrence of a $1.4bn gain on the sale of part of our shareholding in Industrial Bank in 9M15; partly offset by
 
 
 
a $0.6bn gain on the disposal of our membership interest in Visa Europe in 2Q16.
 
In addition, foreign currency translation between the periods had an adverse effect of $2.2bn. These factors contributed to a fall in reported revenue in all of our global businesses. Excluding significant items and the adverse effects of foreign currency translation differences between the periods, revenue fell by $0.9bn, which is described in detail below.
 
Reported LICs of $2.9bn were $0.9bn higher than in 9M15. The reported results include LICs incurred in our Brazil business of $0.7bn in 9M16 compared with $0.6bn in 9M15. In addition, LICs rose in our GB&M, CMB and RBWM businesses. This was partly offset by the favourable effect of foreign currency translation differences between the periods of $0.2bn.
 
Reported operating expenses of $27.3bn were $0.9bn or 3% lower than in 9M15. This includes favourable effects of currency translation of $1.5bn between the periods, although these were broadly offset by an increase in significant items of $1.5bn, including:
 
 
costs to achieve of $2.0bn in 9M16 compared with $0.2bn in 9M15; and
 
 
 
an impairment of $0.8bn relating to goodwill in our GPB business in Europe; partly offset by
 
 
 
a reduction of $0.6bn in settlements and provisions in connection with legal matters.
 
In addition, the reported results include the operating expenses incurred in our Brazil business of $1.1bn in 9M16, compared with $1.8bn in 9M15.
 
Excluding significant items and the adverse effects of foreign currency translation differences between the periods, operating expenses fell by $0.9bn. Reductions in RBWM, CMB and GB&M, were partly offset by a rise in GPB and Other. The reductions partly reflected the effects of our cost-saving initiatives, which are described in more detail below.
 
Reported income from associates of $1.9bn decreased by $0.1bn.
 
On 3 October 2016, the Board announced a third interim dividend of $0.10 per ordinary share.
 
9M16 compared with 9M15 - adjusted results
 
Movement in adjusted profit before tax compared with 9M15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9M16
 
 
9M15
 
 
Var
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
39,153
 
 
40,094
 
 
(941
)
 
(2
)
LICs
 
(2,184
)
 
(1,313
)
 
(871
)
 
(66
)
Operating expenses
 
(22,145
)
 
(23,034
)
 
889
 
 
4
 
Share of profit from associates and JVs
 
1,857
 
 
1,915
 
 
(58
)
 
(3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
16,681
 
 
17,662
 
 
(981
)
 
(6
)
 
On an adjusted basis, PBT of $16.7bn was $1.0bn or 6% lower than in 9M15. This was primarily driven by lower revenue and higher LICs, partly offset by a decrease in operating expenses.
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
10
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Movement in adjusted revenue compared with 9M15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9M16
 
 
9M15
 
 
Var
 
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RBWM
 
14,961
 
 
15,525
 
 
(564
)
 
(4
)
Principal RBWM
 
14,393
 
 
14,668
 
 
(275
)
 
(2
)
US CML run-off portfolio
 
568
 
 
857
 
 
(289
)
 
(34
)
CMB
 
10,343
 
 
10,164
 
 
179
 
 
2
 
GB&M
 
13,062
 
 
13,394
 
 
(332
)
 
(2
)
Client facing GB&M and BSM
 
13,036
 
 
13,303
 
 
(267
)
 
(2
)
Legacy credit
 
26
 
 
91
 
 
(65
)
 
(71
)
GPB
 
1,426
 
 
1,599
 
 
(173
)
 
(11
)
Other1
 
(639
)
 
(588
)
 
(51
)
 
(9
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
39,153
 
 
40,094
 
 
(941
)
 
(2
)
 
 
 
1
Other includes Inter-segment.
 
Adjusted revenue of $39.2bn was $0.9bn or 2% lower. Notably:
 
 
In GB&M, adjusted revenue was $0.3bn or 2% lower than in 9M15. This was partly due to a decrease in our client-facing business (down $0.3bn or 3%), mainly in Equities, reflecting lower global trading volumes. FX revenue also fell, particularly in 1Q16, caused by market uncertainty leading to a fall in client activity, although this recovered in 2Q16 and 3Q16. By contrast, revenue increased in our fixed income businesses - Rates and Credit - as we gained market share, notably in 3Q16 in Europe, and from improved client flows. Rates and Equities were also affected by net adverse movements of $0.1bn and $0.2bn respectively in our own credit spreads on structured liabilities. In Global Liquidity and Cash Management, revenue increased as we won new client mandates, grew average balances and benefited from wider spreads.
 
 
 
In RBWM, adjusted revenue decreased by $0.6bn or 4%. In our Principal RBWM business (down $0.3bn or 2%), decreases were primarily in Wealth Management, following a strong performance in the first half of 2015. In investment distribution, revenue fell (down $0.4bn), mainly in Asia due to lower retail-securities and mutual-funds turnover. In addition, there was lower revenue in life insurance manufacturing (down $0.2bn), primarily in Europe, due to adverse market updates as a result of interest rate movements. Personal lending revenue also decreased ($0.2bn down) because of lower credit card revenue in the UK, despite higher overall lending volumes in Hong Kong, the UK and Mexico. By contrast, current account and savings revenue increased (up $0.3bn), as we grew customer deposit balances in most regions, notably Hong Kong and the UK. We also benefited from wider spreads in Hong Kong, Mexico and Argentina. In our US run-off portfolio, revenue decreased by $0.3bn reflecting lower average lending balances and the impact of portfolio sales.
 
 
 
In GPB, adjusted revenue fell by $0.2bn or 11%, driven by lower brokerage and trading activity in both Europe and Asia. This reflected adverse market sentiment and unfavourable market conditions, notably in the first half of the year.
 
These factors were partly offset:
 
 
 
In CMB, adjusted revenue rose by $0.2bn or 2%. This increase included growth in Global Liquidity and Cash Management (up $0.1bn), notably because of increased balances and wider spreads in Hong Kong and increased balances in the UK. Revenue in Credit and Lending also increased (up $0.1bn), driven by continued loan growth in the UK. This was partly offset by lower revenue in Global Trade and Receivables Finance, mainly in Asia and MENA. This was driven by a reduction in world trade and resulting reduction in trade lending in the market. In Asia, we were also affected by Chinese corporates reverting to mainland China for financing due to lower interest rates. Notwithstanding these factors, we gained share in key markets such as Hong Kong and Singapore.
 
Adjusted LICs of $2.2bn were $0.9bn higher, reflecting increases in our GB&M, CMB and RBWM businesses:
 
 
In GB&M (up $0.4bn), we incurred individually assessed charges, notably in the oil and gas, and metals and mining sectors, primarily in the US and Australia in 9M16. These compared with net releases in 9M15.
 
 
 
In CMB (up $0.2bn), our individually assessed charges increased in a small number of countries, notably in Canada in the energy sector, and to a lesser extent in Spain in the construction sector, and in Hong Kong in several sectors. In addition, we increased our collectively assessed allowances in the UK, compared with a net release in 9M15.
 
 
 
In RBWM (up $0.2bn), LICs rose, notably due to an increase of $0.1bn in Mexico, reflecting our strategic focus on growing unsecured lending. In the UK, LICs also grew due to net charges on mortgage balances, compared with a net release in 9M15.
 
Adjusted operating expenses of $22.1bn were $0.9bn or 4% lower than in 9M15, despite inflationary pressures and increases in regulatory programmes and compliance costs. This primarily reflected transformational cost savings of $1.3bn achieved year on year, with run-rate savings of around $2.8bn since the commencement of our cost-saving programme.
Run-the-bank costs of $20.2bn were $0.3bn lower compared with 9M15 and change-the-bank costs of $2.1bn were $0.5bn lower compared with the same period. This reflected:
 
 
in RBWM, the effects of our transformational cost-saving initiatives, which included our branch optimisation programme;
 
 
 
in GB&M, cost reductions driven by reduced performance-related pay, disciplined cost management, improved process efficiencies including material FTE reductions and technology delivery rationalisation; and
 
 
 
in CMB, lower costs due to ongoing cost discipline and the impact of our transformation initiatives, which more than offset inflation.
 
The savings above continue to be supported by benefits of transformational savings in our technology, operations and other functions.
 
Included within the above, our total expenditure on regulatory programmes and compliance, comprising both run-the-bank and change-the-bank elements, was $2.2bn, up $0.2bn or 10% from 9M15. This reflected the ongoing
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
11
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
implementation of our Global Standards programme to enhance our financial crime risk controls and capabilities, and meet our external commitments.
 
The number of employees expressed in FTEs at 30 September 2016 was 234,681, a decrease of 1,378 from 31 December 2015. This was primarily driven by reductions across global businesses, offset by investment in compliance and costs-to-achieve FTEs.
 
Adjusted income from associates of $1.9bn fell by $0.1bn.
 
The effective tax rate for 9M16 of 29.3% was higher than the 18.0% rate in 9M15, principally due to the non-deductible loss on disposal of our Brazil operations and the UK government's 8% surcharge on UK banking profits.
 
Balance sheet commentary compared with 30 June 2016
 
Total reported assets fell by $50.9bn, notably due to the completion of the sale of our Brazil business to Banco Bradesco S.A. (a $48.3bn reduction).
 
Reported loans and advances to customers decreased by $6.7bn during 3Q16, and included:
 
 
adverse currency translation movements of $9.5bn; partly offset by
 
 
 
a $2.4bn increase in corporate overdraft balances in Europe that did not meet the criteria for netting, with a corresponding rise in customer accounts.
 
Excluding these factors, customer lending was broadly unchanged. Lending rose mainly in Europe, primarily in the UK due to continued growth in CMB term lending and in RBWM in mortgages as we increased the use of broker channels. This was partly offset by our continued focus on reducing legacy portfolios, primarily transfers to 'Assets held for sale' of US first lien mortgage balances (a $0.9bn reduction). Balances also fell in CMB in North America from repayments and maturities, and in MENA in both
 
CMB and GB&M as we ran off certain portfolios and focused on return optimisation.
 
Reported customer account balances increased by $5.5bn during 3Q16, and included:
 
 
adverse currency translation movements of $12.5bn; partly offset by
 
 
 
a $2.4bn increase in corporate current account balances, in line with the increase in corporate overdrafts.
 
Excluding these movements, customer accounts increased by $15.6bn, mainly in Asia from RBWM and Global Liquidity and Cash Management.
 
Net interest margin
 
Net interest margin for 9M16 fell on a reported basis, compared with 9M15, in part driven by the adverse effects of currency translation and the sale of our Brazil business to Banco Bradesco S.A. Excluding currency movements and the sale of Brazil, our net interest margin fell, as gross yields on customer lending remained under pressure, principally in the UK on mortgages and term lending, as well as from the accelerated run-off and sales in the US CML portfolio. However, yields on customer lending were unchanged in Asia. By contrast, in Mexico and Argentina, we benefited from the effects of central bank rate rises across our asset portfolio.
 
However, we had a lower cost of funds, notably from a reduction in our cost of customer accounts in Asia, reflecting a shift in our portfolio in HK to lower-cost current accounts and the effects of lower central bank rates in China, Australia and India.
 
Notes
 
 
Income statement comparisons, unless stated otherwise, are between the quarter ended 30 September 2015 and the quarter ended 30 September 2016, or between the nine months ended 30 September 2015 and the corresponding nine months in 2016. Balance sheet comparisons, unless otherwise stated, are between balances at 30 September 2016 and the corresponding balances at 30 June 2016.
 
 
 
The financial information on which this Earnings Release is based, and the data set out in the appendix to this statement, are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with HSBC's significant accounting policies as described on pages 347 to 358 of the Annual Report and Accounts 2015.
 
 
 
The Board has adopted a policy of paying quarterly interim dividends on the ordinary shares. Under this policy, it is intended to have a pattern of three equal interim dividends with a variable fourth interim dividend. Dividends are declared in US dollars and, at the election of the shareholder, paid in cash in one of, or in a combination of, US dollars, sterling and Hong Kong dollars or, subject to the Board's determination that a scrip dividend is to be offered in respect of that dividend, may be satisfied in whole or in part by the issue of new shares in lieu of a cash dividend.
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
12
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements
This Earnings Release contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to HSBC's financial condition, results of operations, capital position and business.
 
Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about HSBC's beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as 'expects', 'anticipates', 'intends', 'plans', 'believes', 'seeks', 'estimates', 'potential' and 'reasonably possible', variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current plans, estimates and projections, and therefore undue reliance should not be placed on them. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. HSBC makes no commitment to revise or update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring or existing after the date of any forward-looking statements.
 
Written and/or oral forward-looking statements may also be made in the periodic reports to the US Securities and Exchange Commission, summary financial statements to shareholders, proxy statements, offering circulars and prospectuses, press releases and other written materials, and in oral statements made by HSBC's Directors, officers or employees to third parties, including financial analysts.
 
Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Readers are cautioned that a number of factors could cause actual results to differ, in some instances materially, from those anticipated or implied in any forward-looking statement.
 
These include, but are not limited to:
 
 
changes in general economic conditions in the markets in which we operate, such as continuing or deepening recessions and fluctuations in employment beyond those factored into consensus forecasts; changes in foreign exchange rates and interest rates; volatility in equity markets; lack of liquidity in wholesale funding markets; illiquidity and downward price pressure in national real estate markets; adverse changes in central banks' policies with respect to the provision of liquidity support to financial markets; heightened market concerns over sovereign creditworthiness in over-indebted countries; adverse changes in the funding status of public or private defined benefit pensions; and consumer perception as to the continuing availability of credit and price competition in the market segments we serve;
 
 
 
changes in government policy and regulation, including the monetary, interest rate and other policies of central banks and other regulatory authorities; initiatives to change the size, scope of activities and interconnectedness of financial institutions in connection with the implementation of stricter regulation of financial institutions in key markets worldwide; revised capital and liquidity benchmarks which could serve to deleverage bank balance sheets and lower returns available from the current business model and portfolio mix; imposition of levies or taxes designed to change business mix and risk appetite; the conduct of business of financial institutions in serving their retail customers, corporate clients and counterparties; the standards of market conduct; the costs, effects and outcomes of product regulatory reviews, actions or litigation, including any additional compliance requirements; expropriation, nationalisation, confiscation of assets and changes in legislation relating to foreign ownership; changes in bankruptcy legislation in the principal markets in which we operate and the consequences thereof; general changes in government policy that may significantly influence investor decisions; extraordinary government actions as a result of current market turmoil; other unfavourable political or diplomatic developments producing social instability or legal uncertainty which in turn may affect demand for our products and services; and the effects of competition in the markets where we operate including increased competition from non-bank financial services companies, including securities firms; and
 
 
 
factors specific to HSBC, including our success in adequately identifying the risks we face, such as the incidence of loan losses or delinquency, and managing those risks (through account management, hedging and other techniques). Effective risk management depends on, among other things, our ability through stress testing and other techniques to prepare for events that cannot be captured by the statistical models we use; our success in addressing operational, legal and regulatory, and litigation challenges, notably compliance with the Deferred Prosecution Agreement with US authorities; and the other risks and uncertainties we identify in 'top and emerging risks' on pages 16 and 17 of the Interim Report 2016.
 
For further information contact:
 
 
 
 
Investor Relations
 
Media Relations
UK - Richard O'Connor
 
UK - Heidi Ashley
Email: investorrelations@hsbc.com
 
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7992 2045
 
 
Hong Kong - Hugh Pye
 
Hong Kong - Gareth Hewett
Tel: +852 2822 4908
 
Tel: +852 2822 4929
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
13
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Summary consolidated income statement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine months ended
 
Quarter ended
 
 
30 Sep  2016
 
 
30 Sep  2015
 
 
30 Sep  2016
 
 
30 Jun  2016
 
 
30 Sep  2015
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
 
22,945
 
 
24,472
 
 
7,185
 
 
7,847
 
 
8,028
 
Net fee income
 
9,848
 
 
11,234
 
 
3,262
 
 
3,389
 
 
3,509
 
Net trading income
 
7,555
 
 
7,315
 
 
2,231
 
 
2,488
 
 
2,742
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in fair value of long-term debt issued and related derivatives
 
(1,402
)
 
1,947
 
 
(1,672
)
 
(420
)
 
623
 
Net income/(expense) from other financial instruments designated at fair value
 
1,150
 
 
(165
)
 
859
 
 
286
 
 
(1,507
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income/(expense) from financial instruments designated at fair value
 
(252
)
 
1,782
 
 
(813
)
 
(134
)
 
(884
)
Gains less losses from financial investments
 
1,271
 
 
2,048
 
 
306
 
 
773
 
 
174
 
Dividend income
 
78
 
 
96
 
 
14
 
 
36
 
 
28
 
Net insurance premium income
 
7,891
 
 
8,100
 
 
2,535
 
 
2,441
 
 
2,493
 
Other operating income/(expense)
 
(847
)
 
1,107
 
 
(1,491
)
 
472
 
 
271
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total operating income
 
48,489
 
 
56,154
 
 
13,229
 
 
17,312
 
 
16,361
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net insurance claims and benefits paid and movement in liabilities to policyholders
 
(9,507
)
 
(8,126
)
 
(3,717
)
 
(2,818
)
 
(1,276
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net operating income before loan impairment charges and othercredit risk provisions
 
38,982
 
 
48,028
 
 
9,512
 
 
14,494
 
 
15,085
 
Loan impairment charges and other credit risk provisions
 
(2,932
)
 
(2,077
)
 
(566
)
 
(1,205
)
 
(638
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net operating income
 
36,050
 
 
45,951
 
 
8,946
 
 
13,289
 
 
14,447
 
Total operating expenses
 
(27,349
)
 
(28,226
)
 
(8,721
)
 
(10,364
)
 
(9,039
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating profit
 
8,701
 
 
17,725
 
 
225
 
 
2,925
 
 
5,408
 
Share of profit in associates and joint ventures
 
1,856
 
 
2,000
 
 
618
 
 
683
 
 
689
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit before tax
 
10,557
 
 
19,725
 
 
843
 
 
3,608
 
 
6,097
 
Tax expense
 
(3,094
)
 
(3,541
)
 
(803
)
 
(720
)
 
(634
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit after tax
 
7,463
 
 
16,184
 
 
40
 
 
2,888
 
 
5,463
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit/(loss) attributable to shareholders of the parent company
 
6,708
 
 
14,847
 
 
(204
)
 
2,611
 
 
5,229
 
Profit attributable to non-controlling interests
 
755
 
 
1,337
 
 
244
 
 
277
 
 
234
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
 
 
$
 
 
$
 
 
$
 
 
$
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per ordinary share
 
0.29
 
 
0.73
 
 
(0.03)
 
 
0.13
 
 
0.25
 
Diluted earnings per ordinary share
 
0.29
 
 
0.72
 
 
(0.03)
 
 
0.12
 
 
0.25
 
Dividend per ordinary share (in respect of the period)
 
0.30
 
 
0.30
 
 
0.10
 
 
0.10
 
 
0.10
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on average ordinary shareholders' equity (annualised)
 
4.4
 
 
10.7
 
 
(1.4
)
 
5.7
 
 
10.9
 
Pre-tax return on average risk-weighted assets (annualised)
 
1.3
 
 
2.2
 
 
0.3
 
 
1.3
 
 
2.1
 
Cost efficiency ratio
 
70.2
 
 
58.8
 
 
91.7
 
 
71.5
 
 
59.9
 
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
14
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Summary consolidated balance sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At
 
 
30 Sep   2016
 
 
30 Jun   2016
 
 
31 Dec  2015
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and balances at central banks
 
120,270
 
 
128,272
 
 
98,934
 
Trading assets
 
293,253
 
 
280,295
 
 
224,837
 
Financial assets designated at fair value
 
25,285
 
 
23,901
 
 
23,852
 
Derivatives
 
334,411
 
 
369,942
 
 
288,476
 
Loans and advances to banks
 
95,579
 
 
92,199
 
 
90,401
 
Loans and advances to customers
 
880,851
 
 
887,556
 
 
924,454
 
Reverse repurchase agreements - non-trading
 
192,061
 
 
187,826
 
 
146,255
 
Financial investments
 
455,681
 
 
441,399
 
 
428,955
 
Assets held for sale
 
2,036
 
 
50,305
 
 
43,900
 
Other assets
 
157,834
 
 
146,454
 
 
139,592
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
2,557,261
 
 
2,608,149
 
 
2,409,656
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits by banks
 
71,525
 
 
69,900
 
 
54,371
 
Customer accounts
 
1,296,444
 
 
1,290,958
 
 
1,289,586
 
Repurchase agreements - non-trading
 
108,500
 
 
98,342
 
 
80,400
 
Trading liabilities
 
208,507
 
 
188,698
 
 
141,614
 
Financial liabilities designated at fair value
 
88,003
 
 
78,882
 
 
66,408
 
Derivatives
 
329,098
 
 
368,414
 
 
281,071
 
Debt securities in issue
 
71,650
 
 
87,673
 
 
88,949
 
Liabilities under insurance contracts
 
76,131
 
 
73,416
 
 
69,938
 
Liabilities of disposal groups held for sale
 
853
 
 
43,705
 
 
36,840
 
Other liabilities
 
111,238
 
 
109,864
 
 
102,961
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
 
2,361,949
 
 
2,409,852
 
 
2,212,138
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total shareholders' equity
 
188,108
 
 
191,257
 
 
188,460
 
Non-controlling interests
 
7,204
 
 
7,040
 
 
9,058
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total equity
 
195,312
 
 
198,297
 
 
197,518
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and equity
 
2,557,261
 
 
2,608,149
 
 
2,409,656
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ratio of customer advances to customer accounts
 
67.9
%
 
68.8
%
 
71.7
%
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
15
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Capital
 
Transitional own funds disclosure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At
 
 
 
30 Sep
 
 
30 Jun
 
 
31 Dec
 
Ref*
 
 
 
2016
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
$m
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
 
Common equity tier 1 capital before regulatory adjustments
 
163,320
 
 
166,118
 
 
164,183
 
28
 
Total regulatory adjustments to common equity tier 1
 
(37,483
)
 
(35,448
)
 
(33,320
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29
 
Common equity tier 1 capital1 
 
125,837
 
 
130,670
 
 
130,863
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
36
 
Additional tier 1 capital before regulatory adjustments
 
21,786
 
 
21,784
 
 
22,621
 
43
 
Total regulatory adjustments to additional tier 1 capital
 
(158
)
 
(142
)
 
(181
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
44
 
Additional tier 1 capital
 
21,628
 
 
21,642
 
 
22,440
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
45
 
Tier 1 capital
 
147,465
 
 
152,312
 
 
153,303
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
51
 
Tier 2 capital before regulatory adjustments
 
34,588
 
 
34,849
 
 
36,852
 
57
 
Total regulatory adjustments to tier 2 capital
 
(433
)
 
(368
)
 
(322
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
58
 
Tier 2 capital
 
34,155
 
 
34,481
 
 
36,530
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
59
 
Total capital
 
181,620
 
 
186,793
 
 
189,833
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
60
 
Total risk-weighted assets
 
904,062
 
 
1,082,184
 
 
1,102,995
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital ratios and buffers
 
%
 
 
%
 
 
%
 
61
 
Common equity tier 1 ratio
 
13.9
 
 
12.1
 
 
11.9
 
62
 
Tier 1 ratio
 
16.3
 
 
14.1
 
 
13.9
 
63
 
Total capital ratio
 
20.1
 
 
17.3
 
 
17.2
 
 
 
 
*
The references identify the lines prescribed in the EBA template.
 
 
 
1
Since 1 January 2015 the CRD IV transitional CET1 and end point CET1 capital ratios have been aligned for HSBC Holdings plc. Transitional provisions continue to apply for additional tier 1 and tier 2 capital.
 
Capital
 
Our CET1 capital ratio increased to 13.9%.
 
Following a recent clarification of policy by the PRA, at 30 September 2016 the regulatory treatment of our investment in BoCom changed from proportional consolidation of RWAs to a deduction from capital (subject to regulatory thresholds). The change in treatment resulted in net reported RWAs related to the BoCom investment decreasing by $120.9bn, with a threshold deduction from capital of $5.6bn. The net impact on our reported CET1 ratio at 30 September 2016 was an increase of 104 basis points. The revised regulatory treatment is more consistent with our financial reporting treatment of BoCom, aligning with the equity method of accounting, and better reflects our relationship with BoCom, including the nature of our obligations and financial commitments.
 
CET1 capital decreased in the quarter by $4.8bn, due to:
 
 
$5.6bn from the change in treatment of BoCom;
 
 
 
the share buy-back of $2.5bn; and
 
 
 
unfavourable foreign currency translation differences of $1.3bn.
 
These decreases were partly offset:
 
 
by $2.4bn from the sale of our activities in Brazil; and
 
 
 
$1.3bn of capital generation through profits, from ongoing activities, net of dividends and scrip.
 
Our 2016 Pillar 2A requirement as per the PRA's Individual Capital Guidance based on a point in time assessment is 2.9% of RWAs, of which 1.6% is met by CET1.
 
RWAs
 
RWAs decreased in the quarter by $178.1bn, of which $6.2bn was due to foreign currency translation differences. The decrease was primarily from the change of regulatory treatment of our investment in BoCom. RWA initiatives reduced RWAs by $57.2bn, partly offset by book size movements increasing RWAs by $5.2bn.
 
The following comments describe RWA movements in the quarter, excluding foreign currency translation differences.
 
RWA initiatives
 
The main drivers of these reductions were:
 
 
$39.5bn from the sale of our activities in Brazil;
 
 
 
$2.4bn through the continued reduction in GB&M Legacy Credit and US run-off portfolios; and
 
 
 
$15.3bn as a result of reduced exposures, refined calculations and process improvements.
 
Book size
 
Book size movements increased RWAs by $5.2bn, principally from:
 
 
increased corporate lending in GB&M and CMB in Europe, increasing RWAs by $4.3bn, partly offset by a decline in trade related products and corporate lending in North America and MENA reducing RWAs by $2.8bn;
 
 
 
increased central bank balances and deposits and government debt securities in Asia, MENA and North America by $3.4bn; and
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
16
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
 
 
financial market movements and client-driven activity, which increased market risk and counterparty credit risk by $1.1bn.
 
Methodology and policy
 
The reduction in RWAs relating to methodology and policy changes was mainly driven by the change of regulatory treatment of our investment in BoCom.
 
 
 
HSBC HOLDINGS PLC
17
 

Earnings Release - 3Q16 (continued)
 
 
Risk-weighted assets
 
RWA movement by geographical region by key driver
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit risk, counterparty credit risk and operational risk
 
 
 
 
 
 
Europe2
 
 
Asia
 
 
MENA2
 
 
NorthAmerica
 
 
LatinAmerica
 
 
Market risk
 
 
Total RWAs
 
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RWAs at 1 Jul 2016
 
290.6
 
 
437.6
 
 
67.4
 
 
167.4
 
 
77.4
 
 
41.8
 
 
1,082.2
 
RWA movements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RWA initiatives
 
(1.9
)
 
(5.0
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(7.5
)
 
(39.6
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(57.2
)
Foreign exchange movement
 
(4.2
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(1.3
)
 
-
 
 
(6.2
)
Acquisitions and disposals
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Book size1
 
4.8
 
 
1.5
 
 
(1.1
)
 
(3.8
)
 
0.5
 
 
3.3
 
 
5.2
 
Book quality
 
(1.0
)
 
-
 
 
0.4
 
 
0.3
 
 
0.3
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Model updates
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- portfolios moving onto IRB approach
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- new/updated models
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Methodology and policy
 
0.5
 
 
(119.7
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.5
)
 
-
 
 
(119.9
)
- internal updates
 
1.6
 
 
0.5
 
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
 
-
 
 
1.7
 
- external updates - regulatory
 
(1.1
)
 
(120.2
)
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
(0.3
)
 
-
 
 
(121.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total RWA movement
 
(1.8
)
 
(123.5
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(11.3
)
 
(40.6
)
 
1.1
 
 
(178.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RWAs at 30 Sep 2016
 
288.8
 
 
314.1
 
 
65.4
 
 
156.1
 
 
36.8
 
 
42.9
 
 
904.1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 1        Book size now includes market risk movements previously categorised as movements in risk levels.
 
 
 
2
In 3Q16, HSBC Bank plc executed a management services agreement, transferring its governance responsibilities over HSBC Bank A.S. (Turkey) to HSBC Bank Middle East Limited to leverage the strong commercial ties between Turkey and MENA. Comparative data for Europe and MENA have been re-presented accordingly.
 
RWA movement by global businesses by key driver
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit risk, counterparty credit risk and operational risk
 
 
 
 
 
 
PrincipalRBWM
 
 
RBWM
(US run-offportfolio)
 
 
TotalRBWM
 
 
CMB
 
 
GB&M
 
 
GPB
 
 
Other
 
 
Market risk
 
 
Total RWAs
 
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
$bn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RWAs at 1 Jul 2016
 
148.9
 
 
27.2
 
 
176.1
 
 
414.8
 
 
395.6
 
 
18.5
 
 
35.4
 
 
41.8
 
 
1,082.2
 
RWA movements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RWA initiatives
 
(8.2
)
 
(3.6
)
 
(11.8
)
 
(21.4
)
 
(21.5
)
 
-
 
 
(0.3
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(57.2
)
Foreign exchange movement
 
(1.1
)
 
-
 
 
(1.1
)
 
(3.1
)
 
(1.8
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
-
 
 
(6.2
)
Acquisitions and disposals
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Book size1
    
 
1.1
 
 
-
 
 
1.1
 
 
2.3
 
 
(1.7
)
 
(0.3
)
 
0.5
 
 
3.3
 
 
5.2
 
Book quality
 
(0.5
)
 
-
 
 
(0.5
)
 
0.7
 
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
0.1
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
Model updates
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- portfolios moving onto IRB approach
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
- new/updated models
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-
 
 
-