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T-REX 2X LONG TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF

T-REX 2X INVERSE TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF

T-REX 2X LONG NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF

T-REX 2X INVERSE NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF

 

PROSPECTUS

October 6, 2023, as amended November 13, 2023

 

This prospectus describes the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF, the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF, the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF (each a “Fund” and collectively, the “Funds”) which is authorized to offer one class of shares by this prospectus.

 

The Funds seek daily inverse leveraged or long leveraged investment results and are intended to be used as short-term trading vehicles.

 

The Funds are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. The Funds are very different from most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. Investors should note that:

 

(1) The Funds are riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Funds magnify the performance of their underlying security.

 

(2) With respect to the Inverse Funds, each Fund pursues a daily investment objective that is inverse to the performance of its underlying security, a result opposite of most mutual funds and ETFs.

 

(3) The pursuit of their daily investment objective means that the return of the Funds for a period longer than a full trading day will be the product of a series of daily leveraged or leveraged inverse returns, for each trading day during the relevant period. As a consequence, especially in periods of market volatility, the volatility of the underlying security may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of the underlying security. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day will not be the product of the return of the Fund’s stated daily leveraged or leveraged inverse investment objective and the performance of the underlying security for the full trading day. During periods of high volatility, the Fund may not perform as expected and the Fund may have losses when an investor may have expected gains if the Fund is held for a period that is different than one trading day.

 

 

 

The Fund is not suitable for all investors. The Fund is designed to be utilized only by sophisticated investors, such as traders and active investors employing dynamic strategies. Investors in the Fund should:

 

(1) understand the risks associated with the use of leveraged or leveraged inverse strategies;

 

(2) understand the consequences of seeking daily leveraged or leveraged inverse investment results; and

 

(3) intend to actively monitor and manage their investments.

 

Investors who do not understand the Fund, or do not intend to actively manage their funds and monitor their investments, should not buy the Fund.

 

There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its daily leveraged or daily inverse leveraged investment objective and an investment in the Fund could lose money. The Fund is not a complete investment program.

 

The Funds’ investment adviser will not attempt to position each Fund’s portfolio to ensure that a Fund does not gain or lose more than a maximum percentage of its net asset value on a given trading day. As a consequence, if a Fund’s underlying security moves more than 50%, as applicable, on a given trading day in a direction adverse to the Fund, the Fund’s investors would lose all of their money.

Fund Ticker Principal U.S. Listing Exchange
T-REX 2X LONG TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF TSLT NASDAQ Stock Market®
T-REX 2X INVERSE TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF TSLZ NASDAQ Stock Market®
T-REX 2X LONG NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF NVDX Cboe BZX Exchange, Inc.
T-REX 2X INVERSE NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF NVDQ Cboe BZX Exchange, Inc.

 

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this Prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


 

 

Table of Contents

 

FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X LONG TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF 1
FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X INVERSE TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF 23
FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X LONG NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF 44
FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X INVERSE NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF 64
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUNDS’ INVESTMENTS 84
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT RISK 105
MANAGEMENT 127
HOW TO BUY AND SELL SHARES 130
FREQUENT PURCHASES AND REDEMPTIONS OF FUND SHARES 132
DIVIDENDS, OTHER DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES 133
FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS 138
FOR MORE INFORMATION 139

 

 

FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X LONG TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND

 

The T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF (the “Fund”) seeks daily leveraged investment results and is very different from most other exchange-traded funds. As a result, the Fund may be riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Fund’s objective is to magnify (200%) the daily performance of the publicly-traded common stock of Tesla, Inc. (NASDAQ: TSLA) (“TSLA”). The return for investors that invest for periods longer or shorter than a trading day should not be expected to be 200% of the performance of TSLA for the period. The return of the Fund for a period longer than a trading day will be the result of each trading day’s compounded return over the period, which will very likely differ from 200% of the return of TSLA for that period. Longer holding periods, higher volatility of TSLA and leverage increase the impact of compounding on an investor’s returns. During periods of higher TSLA volatility, the volatility of TSLA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of TSLA.

 

The Fund is not suitable for all investors. The Fund is designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily leveraged (2X) investment results, understand the risks associated with the use of leverage and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. The Fund is not intended to be used by, and is not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. For periods longer than a single day, the Fund will lose money if TSLA’s performance is flat, and it is possible that the Fund will lose money even if TSLA’s performance increases over a period longer than a single day. An investor could lose the full principal value of his/her investment within a single day if the price of TSLA falls by more than 50% in one trading day.

 

Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the daily performance of TSLA. The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective for a period of time different than a trading day.

 

1

 

 

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below.  

 

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

   
Management Fee(1) 1.05%
Other Expenses(2) 0.00%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses(3) 1.05%

 

(1) Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, Tuttle Capital Management LLC (the “Adviser”), at its own expense and without reimbursement from the Fund, pays all of the expenses of the Fund, excluding the advisory fees, interest expenses, taxes, acquired fund fees and expenses, brokerage commissions and any other portfolio transaction-related expenses and fees arising out of transactions effected on behalf of the Fund, credit facility fees and expenses, including interest expenses, and litigation and indemnification expenses and other extraordinary expenses not incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business.

 

(2) Other Expenses are estimated for the Fund’s initial fiscal year.

 

(3) The cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is an indirect expense that is not included in the above fee table and is not reflected in the expense example. The total indirect cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is estimated to be 0.196% for the fiscal period ending June 30, 2024.

 

2

 

 

Example

 

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then hold or redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a five percent (5%) return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

Name of Fund 1 Year 3 Years
T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF $107 $334
     

Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. As of the date of this Prospectus, the Fund has not yet commenced operations and therefore does not have any portfolio turnover information available.

 

Principal Investment Strategies

 

The Fund, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% daily exposure to TSLA equal to at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in TSLA that is equal, on a daily basis, to 200% of the value of the Fund’s net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain TSLA exposure for the Fund equal to 200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which TSLA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide leveraged exposure in the industry to which TSLA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

3

 

 

The Fund will attempt to achieve its investment objective without regard to overall market movement or the increase or decrease of the value of TSLA. At the close of the markets each trading day, the Adviser rebalances the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to TSLA is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. The impact of TSLA’s price movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be rebalanced. For example, if the price of TSLA has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the price of TSLA has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This daily rebalancing typically results in high portfolio turnover. On a day-to-day basis, the Fund is expected to hold money market funds, deposit accounts with institutions with high quality (investment grade) credit ratings, and/or short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality (investment grade) credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements.

 

Generally, the Fund pursues its investment objective regardless of market conditions and does not generally take defensive positions. If the Fund’s underlying security moves more than 50% on a given trading day in a direction adverse to the Fund, the Fund’s investors would lose all of their money.

 

The terms “daily,” “day,” and “trading day,” refer to the period from the close of the markets on one trading day to the close of the markets on the next trading day. The Fund is “non-diversified,” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Additionally, the Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Fund’s Board of Trustees without shareholder approval.

 

Tesla, Inc. operates as a multinational automotive and clean energy company. Founded in 2003, Tesla designs, develops, manufactures, and markets high-performance, technologically advanced electric cars and solar energy generation and energy storage products. Tesla sells more than five fully electric cars, among others, the Model X and Y SUVs, as well as the Model S sedan and Model 3 sedan. It has a growing global network of Tesla Superchargers, which are industrial grade, high-speed vehicle chargers, typically placed along well-traveled routes to allow Tesla-owners quick and reliable charging. Tesla offers certain advanced driver assist systems under its Autopilot and Full Self-Driving options. The US customers generate about half of Tesla’s sales. TSLA is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Information provided to or filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by Tesla, Inc. pursuant to the Exchange Act can be located by reference to the Securities and Exchange Commission file number 001-34756 through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, information regarding Tesla, Inc. may be obtained from other sources including, but not limited to, press releases, newspaper articles and other publicly disseminated documents. As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

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The Fund has derived all disclosures contained in this document regarding Tesla, Inc. from the publicly available documents described above. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate has participated in the preparation of such documents. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate makes any representation that such publicly available documents or any other publicly available information regarding Tesla, Inc. is accurate or complete. Furthermore, the Fund cannot give any assurance that all events occurring prior to the date of the prospectus (including events that would affect the accuracy or completeness of the publicly available documents described above) that would affect the trading price of TSLA have been publicly disclosed. Subsequent disclosure of any such events or the disclosure of, or failure to disclose, material future events concerning Tesla, Inc. could affect the value of the Fund’s investments with respect to TSLA and therefore the value of the Fund.

 

Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from 200% of the return of the underlying security over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the underlying security performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the underlying security’s volatility and the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the underlying security’s performance increases over a period longer than a single day.

 

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Principal Risks

 

An investment in the Fund entails risk. The Fund may not achieve its leveraged investment objective and there is a risk that you could lose all of your money invested in the Fund. The Fund is not a complete investment program. In addition, the Fund presents risks not traditionally associated with other mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review all of the risks listed below and understand them before making an investment in the Fund.

 

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk. The Fund has a daily leveraged investment objective and the Fund’s performance for periods greater than a trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which is very likely to differ from 200% of TSLA’s performance, before fees and expenses. Compounding affects all investments, but has a more significant impact on funds that are leveraged and that rebalance daily and becomes more pronounced as volatility and holding periods increase. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of TSLA during the shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

The chart below provides examples of how TSLA volatility and its return could affect the Fund’s performance. Fund performance for periods greater than one single day can be estimated given any set of assumptions for the following factors: a) TSLA volatility; b) TSLA performance; c) period of time; d) financing rates associated with leveraged exposure; e) other Fund expenses; and f) dividends or interest paid with respect to TSLA. The chart below illustrates the impact of two principal factors – volatility and performance – on Fund performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of TSLA volatility and TSLA performance over a one-year period. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect to TSLA; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain leveraged exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. Particularly during periods of higher volatility, compounding will cause results for periods longer than a trading day to vary from 200% of the performance of TSLA.

 

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During periods of higher TSLA volatility, the volatility of TSLA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of TSLA. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of TSLA during a shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

As shown in the chart below, the Fund would be expected to lose 6.1% if TSLA provided no return over a one year period during which TSLA experienced annualized volatility of 25%. At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a significant loss of value in the Fund, even if TSLA’s return is flat. For instance, if TSLA’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose 63.2% of its value, even if the cumulative return for the year was 0%. Areas shaded red (or dark gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return less than 200% of the performance of TSLA and those shaded green (or light gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return more than 200% of the performance of TSLA. The table below is not a representation of the Fund’s actual returns, which may be significantly better or worse than the returns shown below as a result of any of the factors discussed above or in “Daily Correlation Risk” below. 

 

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One 

Year

 

200% 

One 

Year

 

Volatility Rate
Return Return 10% 25% 50% 75% 100%
-60% -120% -84.2% -85.0% -87.5% -90.9% -94.1%
-50% -100% -75.2% -76.5% -80.5% -85.8% -90.8%
-40% -80% -64.4% -66.2% -72.0% -79.5% -86.8%
-30% -60% -51.5% -54.0% -61.8% -72.1% -82.0%
-20% -40% -36.6% -39.9% -50.2% -63.5% -76.5%
-10% -20% -19.8% -23.9% -36.9% -53.8% -70.2%
0% 0% -1.0% -6.1% -22.1% -43.0% -63.2%
10% 20% 19.8% 13.7% -5.8% -31.1% -55.5%
20% 40% 42.6% 35.3% 12.1% -18.0% -47.0%
30% 60% 67.3% 58.8% 31.6% -3.7% -37.8%
40% 80% 94.0% 84.1% 52.6% 11.7% -27.9%
50% 100% 122.8% 111.4% 75.2% 28.2% -17.2%
60% 120% 153.5% 140.5% 99.4% 45.9% -5.8%

 

TSLA’s annualized historical daily volatility rate for the five year period ended December 31, 2022 was 65.53%. TSLA’s annualized daily volatility rates were as follows:

 

2018   58.57%
2019   49.32%
2020   89.30%
2021   54.76%
2022   66.68%

 

Volatility for a shorter period of time may have been substantially higher.

 

TSLA’s annualized performance for the five-year period ended December 31, 2022 was 42.73%. Historical volatility and performance are not indications of what TSLA volatility and performance will be in the future.

 

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For information regarding the effects of volatility and performance on the long-term performance of the Fund, see “Additional Information About Investment Techniques and Policies.”.

 

Leverage Risk. The Fund obtains investment exposure in excess of its net assets by utilizing leverage and may lose more money in market conditions that are adverse to its investment objective than a fund that does not utilize leverage. An investment in the Fund is exposed to the risk that a decline in the daily performance of TSLA will be magnified. This means that an investment in the Fund will be reduced by an amount equal to 2% for every 1% daily decline in TSLA, not including the costs of financing leverage and other operating expenses, which would further reduce its value. The Fund could theoretically lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of a security decline of more than 50%. This would result in a total loss of a shareholder’s investment in one day even if TSLA subsequently moves in the opposite direction and eliminates all or a portion of its earlier daily change. A total loss may occur in a single day even if TSLA does not lose all of its value. Leverage will also have the effect of magnifying any differences in the Fund’s correlation with TSLA and may increase the volatility of the Fund.

 

To the extent that the instruments utilized by the Fund are thinly traded or have a limited market, the Fund may be unable to meet its investment objective due to a lack of available investments or counterparties. During such periods, the Fund’s ability to issue additional Creation Units may be adversely affected. As a result, the Fund’s shares could trade at a premium or discount to their net asset value and/or the bid-ask spread of the Fund’s shares could widen. Under such circumstances, the Fund may increase its transaction fee, change its investment objective by, for example, seeking to track an alternative security, reduce its leverage or close.

 

Derivatives Risk. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive value from the underlying reference asset or assets, such as stocks, bonds, or funds (including ETFs), interest rates or indexes. Investing in derivatives may be considered aggressive and may expose the Fund to greater risks, and may result in larger losses or small gains, than investing directly in the reference assets underlying those derivatives, which may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective.

 

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The Fund expects to use swap agreements to achieve its investment objective. The Fund’s investments in derivatives may pose risks in addition to, and greater than, those associated with directly investing in securities or other investments, including risk related to the market, leverage, imperfect correlations with underlying investments or the Fund’s other portfolio holdings, higher price volatility, lack of availability, counterparty, liquidity, valuation and legal restrictions. The performance of a derivative may not track the performance of its reference asset, including due to fees and other costs associated with it. Because derivatives often require only a limited initial investment, the use of derivatives may expose the Fund to losses in excess of the amount initially invested. As a result, the value of an investment in the Fund may change quickly and without warning. Additionally, any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Fund’s return. Such costs may increase as interest rates rise.

 

Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a reference asset. Swap agreements are generally traded over-the-counter, and therefore, may not receive regulatory protection, which may expose investors to significant losses.

 

The Fund will be subject to regulatory constraints relating to the level of value at risk that the Fund may incur through its derivatives portfolio. To the extent the Fund exceeds these regulatory thresholds over an extended period, the Fund may determine that it is necessary to make adjustments to the Fund’s investment strategy and the Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Counterparty Risk. A counterparty may be unwilling or unable to make timely payments to meet its contractual obligations or may fail to return holdings that are subject to the agreement with the counterparty. If the counterparty or its affiliate becomes insolvent, bankrupt or defaults on its payment obligations to the Fund, the value of an investment held by the Fund may decline. Additionally, if any collateral posted by the counterparty for the benefit of the Fund is insufficient or there are delays in the Fund’s ability to access such collateral, the Fund may not be able to achieve its leveraged investment objective.

 

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In addition, the Fund may enter into swap agreements with a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Fund and, as a result, the Fund may not be able to achieve its leveraged investment objective or may decide to change its leveraged investment objective.

 

Rebalancing Risk. If for any reason the Fund is unable to rebalance all or a part of its portfolio, or if all or a portion of the portfolio is rebalanced incorrectly, the Fund’s investment exposure may not be consistent with its investment objective. In these instances, the Fund may have investment exposure to TSLA that is significantly greater or significantly less than its stated multiple. The Fund may be more exposed to leverage risk than if it had been properly rebalanced and may not achieve its investment objective, leading to significantly greater losses or reduced gains.

 

Intra-Day Investment Risk. The Fund seeks leveraged investment results from the close of the market on a given trading day until the close of the market on the subsequent trading day. The exact exposure of an investment in the Fund intraday in the secondary market is a function of the difference between the value of TSLA at the market close on the first trading day and the value of TSLA at the time of purchase. If TSLA gains value, the Fund’s net assets will rise by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Conversely, if TSLA declines, the Fund’s net assets will decline by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Thus, an investor that purchases shares intra-day may experience performance that is greater than, or less than, the Fund’s stated multiple of TSLA.

 

If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or the securities experience a significant change in value, the Fund may not meet its investment objective, may not be able to rebalance its portfolio appropriately, or may experience significant premiums or discounts, or widened bid-ask spreads. Additionally, the Fund may close to purchases and sales of shares (“Shares”) prior to the close of trading on the Exchange and incur significant losses.

 

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Daily Correlation Risk. There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation to TSLA and therefore achieve its daily leveraged investment objective. The Fund’s exposure to TSLA is impacted by TSLA’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Fund will be perfectly exposed to TSLA at the end of each day. The possibility of the Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to TSLA increases on days when TSLA is volatile near the close of the trading day. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions and high volatility will also adversely affect the Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels.

 

The Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily leveraged investment objective for many reasons, including fees, expenses, transaction costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, accounting standards and their application to income items, disruptions, illiquid or high volatility in the markets for the securities or financial instruments in which the Fund invests, early and unanticipated closings of the markets on which the holdings of the Fund trade, resulting in the inability of the Fund to execute intended portfolio transactions, regulatory and tax considerations, which may cause the Fund to hold (or not to hold) TSLA. The Fund may take or refrain from taking positions in order to improve tax efficiency, comply with regulatory restrictions, or for other reasons, each of which may negatively affect the Fund’s desired correlation with TSLA. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to TSLA. Additionally, the Fund’s underlying investments and/or reference assets may trade on markets that may not be open on the same day as the Fund, which may cause a difference between the changes in the daily performance of the Fund and changes in the performance of TSLA. Any of these factors could decrease the correlation between the performance of the Fund and TSLA and may hinder the Fund’s ability to meet its daily leveraged investment objective on or around that day.

 

Market Risk. The Fund’s investments are subject to changes in general economic conditions, general market fluctuations and the risks inherent in investment in securities markets. Investment markets can be volatile and prices of investments can change substantially due to various factors including, but not limited to, economic growth or recession, changes in interest rates, changes in the actual or perceived creditworthiness of issuers, general market liquidity, exchange trading suspensions and closures, and public health risks. The Fund is subject to the risk that geopolitical events will disrupt markets and adversely affect global economies, markets, and exchanges. Local, regional or global events such as war, acts of terrorism, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health issues, conflicts and social unrest or other events could have a significant impact on the Fund, its investments, and the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

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Indirect Investment Risk. Tesla, Inc. is not affiliated with the Trust, the Adviser or any affiliates thereof and is not involved with this offering in any way, and has no obligation to consider the Fund in taking any corporate actions that might affect the value of the Fund. The Trust, the Fund and any affiliate are not responsible for the performance of Tesla, Inc. and make no representation as to the performance of TSLA. Investing in the Fund is not equivalent to investing in TSLA. Fund shareholders will not have voting rights or rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to TSLA.

 

Tesla, Inc. Investing Risk. Issuer-specific attributes may cause an investment held by the Fund to be more volatile than the market generally. The value of an individual security or particular type of security may be more volatile than the market as a whole and may perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. In addition to the risks associated generally with operating companies and electric and autonomous vehicles and other automotive companies, Tesla, Inc. faces risks unique to its operations including, among others, supply or manufacturing delays, increased material or labor costs or shortages, reduced demand for its products, product liability claims, and the ability to attract, hire and retain key employees or qualified personnel. Importantly, Tesla, Inc. is highly dependent on the services of Elon Musk, its Chief Executive Officer, and any actual or anticipated large transactions in Tesla, Inc.’s common stock by Mr. Musk may cause the stock price to decline. The trading price of Tesla, Inc.’s common stock historically has been and is likely to continue to be volatile. Additionally, a large proportion of Tesla, Inc.’s common stock has been historically and may in the future be traded by short sellers which may put pressure on the supply and demand for its common stock, further influencing volatility in its market price. Tesla, Inc. is a highly dynamic company, and its operations, including its products and services, may change.

 

Cryptocurrency Risk. The Fund may have exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin as a result of Tesla holding Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. A cryptocurrency operates without central authority or banks and is not backed by any government. Cryptocurrencies are often referred to as a “virtual currency” or “digital currency,” and operate as a decentralized, peer-to-peer financial exchange and value storage that is used like money. A cryptocurrency is also not a legal tender. Federal, state or foreign governments may restrict the use and exchange of a cryptocurrency, and regulation in the U.S. is still developing. Cryptocurrency exchanges may stop operating or permanently shut down due to fraud, technical glitches, hackers or malware. The Fund’s indirect exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin may be affected by the high volatility associated with such cryptocurrency exposure. Future regulatory actions or policies may limit the ability to sell, exchange or use cryptocurrencies, thereby impairing their prices.

 

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Industry Concentration Risk. The Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which Tesla, Inc. is assigned (i.e., hold more than 25% of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure to the industry to which Tesla, Inc. is assigned). A portfolio concentrated in a particular industry may present more risks than a portfolio broadly diversified over several industries. As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

Electric and Autonomous Vehicles Company Risk. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies typically face intense competition and potentially rapid product obsolescence. Many of these companies are also heavily dependent on intellectual property rights and may be adversely affected by loss or impairment of those rights. There can be no assurance these companies will be able to successfully protect their intellectual property to prevent the misappropriation of their technology, or that competitors will not develop technology that is substantially similar or superior to such companies’ technology. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies typically engage in significant amounts of spending on research and development, capital expenditures and mergers and acquisitions, and there is no guarantee that the products or services produced by these companies will be successful. Companies that produce the raw materials that are used in electric vehicles may be concentrated in certain commodities, and therefore be exposed to the price fluctuations of those commodities. In addition, autonomous vehicle technology could face increasing regulatory scrutiny in the future, which may limit the development of this technology and impede the growth of companies that develop and/or utilize this technology. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies are also potential targets for cyberattacks, which can have a materially adverse impact on the performance of these companies. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies rely on artificial intelligence and big data technologies for the development of their platforms and, as a result, could face increased scrutiny as regulators consider how the data is collected, stored, safeguarded and used. The customers and/or suppliers of electric and autonomous vehicles companies may be concentrated in a particular country, region or industry, including in emerging markets. Any adverse event affecting one of these countries, regions or industries could have a negative impact on electric and autonomous vehicles companies.

 

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Automotive Companies Risk. The automotive industry can be highly cyclical, and companies in the industry may suffer periodic operating losses. Automotive companies can be significantly affected by labor relations and fluctuating component prices. Developments in automotive technologies (e.g., autonomous vehicle technologies) may require significant capital expenditures that may not generate profits for several years, if ever. Automotive companies may be significantly subject to government policies and regulations regarding imports and exports of automotive products. Governmental policies affecting the automotive industry, such as taxes, tariffs, duties, subsidies, and import and export restrictions on automotive products can influence industry profitability. In addition, such companies must comply with environmental laws and regulations, for which there may be severe consequences for non-compliance. While most of the major automotive manufacturers are large companies, certain others may be non-diversified in both product line and customer base and may be more vulnerable to certain events that may negatively impact the automotive industry.

 

Consumer Discretionary Sector Risk. Because companies in the consumer discretionary sector manufacture products and provide discretionary services directly to the consumer, the success of these companies is tied closely to the performance of the overall domestic and international economy, including the functioning of the global supply chain, interest rates, competition and consumer confidence. Success depends heavily on disposable household income and consumer spending, and may be strongly affected by social trends and marketing campaigns. Also, companies in the consumer discretionary sector may be subject to severe competition, which may have an adverse impact on a company’s profitability. Changes in demographics and consumer tastes also can affect the demand for, and success of, consumer discretionary products in the marketplace.

 

Fixed Income Securities Risk. When the Fund invests in fixed income securities, the value of your investment in the Fund will fluctuate with changes in interest rates. Typically, a rise in interest rates causes a decline in the value of fixed income securities owned by the Fund. In general, the market price of fixed income securities with longer maturities will increase or decrease more in response to changes in interest rates than shorter-term securities. Other risk factors include credit risk (the debtor may default), extension risk (an issuer may exercise its right to repay principal on a fixed rate obligation held by the Fund later than expected), and prepayment risk (the debtor may pay its obligation early, reducing the amount of interest payments). These risks could affect the value of a particular investment by the Fund, possibly causing the Fund’s share price and total return to be reduced and fluctuate more than other types of investments.

 

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Money Market Instrument Risk. The Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements. Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. Money market instruments may lose money.

 

Large-Capitalization Company Risk. Large-capitalization companies typically have significant financial resources, extensive product lines and broad markets for their goods and/or services. However, they may be less able to adapt to changing market conditions or to respond quickly to competitive challenges or to changes in business, product, financial, or market conditions and may not be able to maintain growth at rates that may be achieved by well-managed smaller and mid-size companies, which may affect the companies’ returns.

 

Liquidity Risk. Holdings of the Fund may be difficult to buy or sell or may be illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities may be difficult to value, especially in changing or volatile markets. If the Fund is forced to buy or sell an illiquid security or derivative instrument at an unfavorable time or price, the Fund may be adversely impacted. Certain market conditions or restrictions may prevent the Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with TSLA. There is no assurance that a security or derivative instrument that is deemed liquid when purchased will continue to be liquid. Market illiquidity may cause losses for the Fund. To the extent that TSLA value increases or decreases significantly, the Fund may be one of many market participants that are attempting to transact in the TSLA. Under such circumstances, the market for TSLA may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have more difficulty transacting in the securities or financial instruments and the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate the price changes of TSLA and may impact the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objective.

 

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In certain cases, the market for TSLA and/or Fund may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have difficulty transacting in it and/or in correlated investments, such as swap contracts. Further, the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate illiquidity and volatility in the price of TSLA and correlated derivative instruments.

 

Early Close/Trading Halt Risk. Although an underlying security’s shares are listed for trading on an exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will be available at all times. An exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities or financial instruments, including the shares of the Fund. Under such circumstances, the ability to buy or sell certain portfolio securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell investments for its portfolio, may disrupt the Fund’s creation/redemption process and may temporarily prevent investors from buying and selling shares of the Fund. In addition, the Fund may be unable to accurately price its investments, may fail to achieve performance that is correlated with TSLA and may incur substantial losses. If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or TSLA experiences a significant price increase or decrease, the Fund may not meet its investment objective or rebalance its portfolio appropriately. Additionally, the Fund may close to purchases and sales of Shares prior to the close of regular trading on NASDAQ and incur significant losses.

 

Equity Securities Risk. Publicly issued equity securities, including common stocks, are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests, and/or has exposure to, will cause the net asset value of the Fund to fluctuate.

 

Cash Transaction Risk. The Fund intends to effect creations and redemptions for cash rather than for in-kind securities. As a result, the Fund may not be tax efficient and may incur brokerage costs related to buying and selling securities to achieve its investment objective thus incurring additional expenses than if it had effected creations and redemptions in kind. To the extent that such costs are not offset by transaction fees paid by an authorized participant, the Fund may bear such costs, which will decrease the Fund’s net asset value.

 

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Tax Risk. In order to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a regulated investment company (“RIC”) and its shareholders, the Fund must derive at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year from “qualifying income,” meet certain asset diversification tests at the end of each taxable quarter, and meet annual distribution requirements. The Fund’s pursuit of its investment strategy will potentially be limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify for such treatment and could adversely affect the Fund’s ability to so qualify. The Fund may make certain investments, the treatment of which for these purposes is unclear. If, in any year, the Fund were to fail to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a RIC and its shareholders, and were ineligible to or were not to cure such failure, the Fund would be taxed in the same manner as an ordinary corporation subject to U.S. federal income tax on all its income at the fund level. The resulting taxes could substantially reduce the Fund’s net assets and the amount of income available for distribution. In addition, in order to requalify for taxation as a RIC, the Fund could be required to recognize unrealized gains, pay substantial taxes and interest, and make certain distributions. Please see the section entitled “Taxes” in the Statement of Additional Information for more information.

 

Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is classified as “non-diversified” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. This means it has the ability to invest a relatively high percentage of its assets in the securities of a small number of issuers or in financial instruments with a single counterparty or a few counterparties. This may increase the Fund’s volatility and increase the risk that the Fund’s performance will decline based on the performance of a single issuer or the credit of a single counterparty and make the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund.

 

ETF Risks. The Fund is an exchange-traded fund, and, as a result of an ETF’s structure, it is exposed to the following risks:

 

Authorized Participants, Market Makers, and Liquidity Providers Limitation Risk. The Fund has a limited number of financial institutions that may act as Authorized Participants (“APs”). In addition, there may be a limited number of market makers and/or liquidity providers in the marketplace. To the extent either of the following events occur, Shares may trade at a material discount to NAV and possibly face delisting: (i) APs exit the business or otherwise become unable to process creation and/or redemption orders and no other APs step forward to perform these services, or (ii) market makers and/or liquidity providers exit the business or significantly reduce their business activities and no other entities step forward to perform their functions.

 

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Cash Redemption Risk. The Fund intends to redeem Shares for cash rather than in-kind. The Fund may be required to sell or unwind portfolio investments to obtain the cash needed to distribute redemption proceeds. This may cause the Fund to incur certain costs such as brokerage costs, and to recognize capital gains that it might not have recognized if it had made a redemption in-kind. As a result, the Fund may pay out higher annual capital gain distributions than if the in-kind redemption process was used.

 

Costs of Buying or Selling Shares. Due to the costs of buying or selling Shares, including brokerage commissions imposed by brokers and bid/ask spreads, frequent trading of Shares may significantly reduce investment results and an investment in Shares may not be advisable for investors who anticipate regularly making small investments.

 

Shares May Trade at Prices Other Than NAV. As with all ETFs, Shares may be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. Although it is expected that the market price of Shares will approximate the Fund’s NAV, there may be times when the market price of Shares is more than the NAV intra-day (premium) or less than the NAV intra-day (discount) due to supply and demand of Shares or during periods of market volatility. This risk is heightened in times of market volatility and volatility in the Fund’s portfolio holdings, periods of steep market declines, and periods when there is limited trading activity for Shares in the secondary market, in which case such premiums or discounts may be significant. If an investor purchases Shares at a time when the market price is at a premium to the NAV of the Shares or sells at a time when the market price is at a discount to the NAV of the Shares, then the investor may sustain losses that are in addition to any losses caused by a decrease in NAV.

 

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Trading. Although Shares are listed for trading on a national securities exchange, and may be traded on other U.S. exchanges, there can be no assurance that Shares will trade with any volume, or at all, on any stock exchange. In stressed market conditions, the liquidity of Shares may begin to mirror the liquidity of the Fund’s underlying portfolio holdings, which can be significantly less liquid than Fund Shares.

 

New Fund Risk. As of the date of this prospectus, the Fund has no operating history and currently has fewer assets than larger funds. Like other new funds, large inflows and outflows may impact the Fund’s market exposure for limited periods of time. This impact may be positive or negative, depending on the direction of market movement during the period affected.

 

The Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Performance History

 

The Fund does not have a full calendar year of performance history. In the future, performance information will be presented in this section of the Prospectus. Performance information will contain a bar chart and table that provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing the Fund’s average annual returns for certain time periods as compared to a broad measure of market performance. Investors should be aware that past performance before and after taxes is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future.

 

Updated performance information for the Fund, including its current net asset value per share, is available by calling toll-free at (833) 759-6110.

 

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Investment Adviser

 

Tuttle Capital Management, LLC (the “Adviser”) is the investment adviser to the Fund.

 

Portfolio Manager

 

Matthew Tuttle, Chief Executive Officer of the Adviser, has served as the Fund’s portfolio manager since its inception.

 

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

 

The Fund will issue (or redeem) shares to certain institutional investors (typically market makers or other broker-dealers) only in large blocks of at least 10,000 shares known as “Creation Units.” Creation Unit transactions are typically conducted in exchange for the deposit or delivery of in-kind securities and/or cash. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold on a national securities exchange through a broker-dealer. You can purchase and sell individual shares of the Fund throughout the trading day like any publicly traded security. The Fund’s shares are listed on the Exchange (i.e., NASDAQ). The price of the Fund’s shares is based on market price, and because exchange-traded fund shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). When buying or selling shares through a broker, most investors will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered prices in the secondary market for shares. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Fund’s shares are not redeemable securities. Recent information regarding the Fund, including its NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, is available on the Fund’s website at www.rexshares.com.

 

Tax Information

 

The Fund’s distributions will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gain, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account in which case withdrawals will be taxed.

 

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Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

 

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (e.g., a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

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FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X INVERSE TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND

 

The T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF (the “Fund”) seeks daily inverse investment results and is very different from most other exchange-traded funds. The pursuit of daily inverse investment goals means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a full trading day may have no resemblance to -200% of the return of the publicly-traded common stock of Tesla, Inc. (NASDAQ: TSLA) (“TSLA”). This means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a trading day will be the result of each single day’s compounded return over the period, which will very likely differ from -200% of the return of TSLA for that period. Longer holding periods and higher volatility of TSLA increase the impact of compounding on an investor’s returns. During periods of higher volatility, the volatility of TSLA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of TSLA. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods longer or shorter than a trading day should not be expected to be -200% of the performance of TSLA for the period.

 

The Fund is not suitable for all investors. The Fund is designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily inverse (-2X) investment results, understand the risks associated with the use of shorting and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. The Fund is not intended to be used by, and is not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. For periods longer than a single day, the Fund will lose money if TSLA’s performance is flat, and it is possible that the Fund will lose money even if TSLA’s performance decreases over a period longer than a single day. An investor could lose the full principal value of his/her investment within a single day if the price of TSLA goes up by more than 50% in one trading day.

 

Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the inverse (or opposite) of the daily performance of TSLA. The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective for a period of time different than a trading day.

 

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Fees and Expenses of the Fund

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below.

 

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

   
Management Fee(1) 1.05%
Other Expenses(2) 0.00%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses(3) 1.05%
   
(1) Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, Tuttle Capital Management LLC (the “Adviser”), at its own expense and without reimbursement from the Fund, pays all of the expenses of the Fund, excluding the advisory fees, interest expenses, taxes, acquired fund fees and expenses, brokerage commissions and any other portfolio transaction-related expenses and fees arising out of transactions effected on behalf of the Fund, credit facility fees and expenses, including interest expenses, and litigation and indemnification expenses and other extraordinary expenses not incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business.

 

(2) Other Expenses are estimated for the Fund’s initial fiscal year.

 

(3) The cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is an indirect expense that is not included in the above fee table and is not reflected in the expense example. The total indirect cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is estimated to be 0.196% for the fiscal period ending June 30, 2024.

 

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Example

 

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then hold or redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a five percent (5%) return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

Name of Fund 1 Year 3 Years
T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF $107 $334
     

Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. As of the date of this Prospectus, the Fund has not yet commenced operations and therefore does not have any portfolio turnover information available.

 

Principal Investment Strategies

 

The Fund, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% inverse (opposite) daily exposure to TSLA equal to at least 80% of the Fund’s net assets (plus borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in TSLA that is equal, on a daily basis, to -200% of the value of the Fund’s net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain short TSLA exposure for the Fund equal to -200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which TSLA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure in the industry to which TSLA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

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The Fund will attempt to achieve its investment objective without regard to overall market movement or the increase or decrease of the value of TSLA. At the close of the markets each trading day, the Adviser rebalances the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to TSLA is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. The impact of TSLA’s price movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be rebalanced. For example, if the price of TSLA has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the price of TSLA has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This daily rebalancing typically results in high portfolio turnover. On a day-to-day basis, the Fund is expected to hold money market funds, deposit accounts with institutions with high quality (investment grade) credit ratings, and/or short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality (investment grade) credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements.

 

The terms “daily,” “day,” and “trading day,” refer to the period from the close of the markets on one trading day to the close of the markets on the next trading day. The Fund is “non-diversified,” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Additionally, the Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Fund’s Board of Trustees without shareholder approval.

 

Tesla, Inc. operates as a multinational automotive and clean energy company. Founded in 2003, Tesla designs, develops, manufactures, and markets high-performance, technologically advanced electric cars and solar energy generation and energy storage products. Tesla sells more than five fully electric cars, among others, the Model X and Y SUVs, as well as the Model S sedan and Model 3 sedan. It has a growing global network of Tesla Superchargers, which are industrial grade, high-speed vehicle chargers, typically placed along well-traveled routes to allow Tesla-owners quick and reliable charging. Tesla offers certain advanced driver assist systems under its Autopilot and Full Self-Driving options. The US customers generate about half of Tesla’s sales. TSLA is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Information provided to or filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by Tesla, Inc. pursuant to the Exchange Act can be located by reference to the Securities and Exchange Commission file number 001-34756 through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, information regarding Tesla, Inc. may be obtained from other sources including, but not limited to, press releases, newspaper articles and other publicly disseminated documents. As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

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The Fund has derived all disclosures contained in this document regarding Tesla, Inc. from the publicly available documents described above. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate has participated in the preparation of such documents. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate makes any representation that such publicly available documents or any other publicly available information regarding Tesla, Inc. is accurate or complete. Furthermore, the Fund cannot give any assurance that all events occurring prior to the date of the prospectus (including events that would affect the accuracy or completeness of the publicly available documents described above) that would affect the trading price of TSLA have been publicly disclosed. Subsequent disclosure of any such events or the disclosure of, or failure to disclose, material future events concerning Tesla, Inc. could affect the value of the Fund’s investments with respect to TSLA and therefore the value of the Fund.

 

Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from -200% of the return of the underlying security over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the underlying security performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the underlying security’s volatility and the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the underlying security’s performance decreases over a period longer than a single day.

 

Principal Risks

 

An investment in the Fund entails risk. The Fund may not achieve its inverse investment objective and there is a risk that you could lose all of your money invested in the Fund. The Fund is not a complete investment program. In addition, the Fund presents risks not traditionally associated with other mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review all of the risks listed below and understand them before making an investment in the Fund. The realization of certain of the risks described below that may result in adverse market movements may actually benefit the Fund due to its inverse investment objective.

 

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Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk. The Fund has a daily investment objective and the Fund’s performance for periods greater than a trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which is very likely to differ from -200% of TSLA’s performance, before fees and expenses. Compounding affects all investments, but has a more significant impact on funds that are inverse and that rebalance daily and becomes more pronounced as volatility and holding periods increase. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of TSLA during the shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

The chart below provides examples of how TSLA volatility and its return could affect the Fund’s performance. Fund performance for periods greater than one single day can be estimated given any set of assumptions for the following factors: a) TSLA volatility; b) TSLA performance; c) period of time; d) financing rates associated with inverse exposure; e) other Fund expenses; and f) dividends or interest paid with respect TSLA. The chart below illustrates the impact of two principal factors – volatility and performance – on Fund performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of TSLA volatility and TSLA performance over a one-year period. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect TSLA; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain inverse exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. Particularly during periods of higher volatility, compounding will cause results for periods longer than a trading day to vary from -200% of the performance of TSLA.

 

During periods of higher TSLA volatility, the volatility of TSLA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of TSLA. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of TSLA during a shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

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As shown in the chart below, the Fund would be expected to lose 17.1% if TSLA provided no return over a one year period during which TSLA experienced annualized volatility of 25%. At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a significant loss of value in the Fund, even if TSLA’s return is flat. For instance, if TSLA’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose 95% of its value, even if the cumulative return for the year was 0%. Areas shaded red (or dark gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return less than -200% of the performance of TSLA and those shaded green (or light gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return more than -200% of the performance of TSLA. The table below is not a representation of the Fund’s actual returns, which may be significantly better or worse than the returns shown below as a result of any of the factors discussed above or in “Daily Inverse Correlation Risk” below. 

 

One 

Year 

-200% 

One 

Year 

Volatility Rate
Return Return 10% 25% 50% 75% 100%
-60% 120% 506.5% 418.1% 195.2% 15.6% -68.9%
-50% 100% 288.2% 231.6% 88.9% -26.0% -80.1%
-40% 80% 169.6% 130.3% 31.2% -48.6% -86.2%
-30% 60% 98.1% 69.2% -3.6% -62.2% -89.8%
-20% 40% 51.6% 29.5% -26.2% -71.1% -92.2%
-10% 20% 19.8% 2.3% -41.7% -77.2% -93.9%
0% 0% -3.0% -17.1% -52.8% -81.5% -95.0%
10% -20% -19.8% -31.5% -61.0% -84.7% -95.9%
20% -40% -32.6% -42.4% -67.2% -87.2% -96.5%
30% -60% -42.6% -50.9% -72.0% -89.1% -97.1%
40% -80% -50.5% -57.7% -75.9% -90.6% -97.5%
50% -100% -56.9% -63.2% -79.0% -91.8% -97.8%
60% -120% -62.1% -67.6% -81.5% -92.8% -98.1%

 

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TSLA’s annualized historical daily volatility rate for the five year period ended December 31, 2022 was 65.53%. TSLA’s annualized daily volatility rates were as follows:

 

2018       58.57% 

2019       49.32% 

2020       89.30% 

2021       54.76% 

2022       66.68%

 

Volatility for a shorter period of time may have been substantially higher.

 

TSLA’s annualized performance for the five-year period ended December 31, 2022 was 42.73%. Historical volatility and performance are not indications of what TSLA volatility and performance will be in the future.

 

For information regarding the effects of volatility and performance on the long-term performance of the Fund, see “Additional Information Regarding Investment Techniques and Policies”, and “Leverage ” in the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.

 

Derivatives Risk. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive value from the underlying reference asset or assets, such as stocks, bonds, or funds (including ETFs), interest rates or indexes. Investing in derivatives may be considered aggressive and may expose the Fund to greater risks, and may result in larger losses or small gains, than investing directly in the reference assets underlying those derivatives, which may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective.

 

The Fund expects to use swap agreements to achieve its investment objective. The Fund’s investments in derivatives may pose risks in addition to, and greater than, those associated with directly investing in securities or other investments, including risk related to the market, leverage, imperfect correlations with underlying investments or the Fund’s other portfolio holdings, higher price volatility, lack of availability, counterparty, liquidity, valuation and legal restrictions. The performance of a derivative may not track the performance of its reference asset, including due to fees and other costs associated with it. Because derivatives often require only a limited initial investment, the use of derivatives may expose the Fund to losses in excess of the amount initially invested. As a result, the value of an investment in the Fund may change quickly and without warning. Additionally, any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Fund’s return. Such costs may increase as interest rates rise.

 

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Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a reference asset. Swap agreements are generally traded over-the-counter, and therefore, may not receive regulatory protection, which may expose investors to significant losses.

 

The Fund will be subject to regulatory constraints relating to the level of value at risk that the Fund may incur through its derivatives portfolio. To the extent the Fund exceeds these regulatory thresholds over an extended period, the Fund may determine that it is necessary to make adjustments to the Fund’s investment strategy and the Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Counterparty Risk. A counterparty may be unwilling or unable to make timely payments to meet its contractual obligations or may fail to return holdings that are subject to the agreement with the counterparty. If the counterparty or its affiliate becomes insolvent, bankrupt or defaults on its payment obligations to the Fund, the value of an investment held by the Fund may decline. Additionally, if any collateral posted by the counterparty for the benefit of the Fund is insufficient or there are delays in the Fund’s ability to access such collateral, the Fund may not be able to achieve its inverse investment objective.

 

In addition, the Fund may enter into swap agreements with a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Fund and, as a result, the Fund may not be able to achieve its inverse investment objective or may decide to change its inverse investment objective.

 

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Rebalancing Risk. If for any reason the Fund is unable to rebalance all or a part of its portfolio, or if all or a portion of the portfolio is rebalanced incorrectly, the Fund’s investment exposure may not be consistent with its investment objective. In these instances, the Fund may have investment exposure to TSLA that is significantly greater or significantly less than its stated multiple. The Fund may be more exposed to leverage risk than if it had been properly rebalanced and may not achieve its investment objective, leading to significantly greater losses or reduced gains.

 

Shorting Risk. A short position is a financial transaction in which an investor sells an asset that the investor does not own. In such a transaction, an investor’s short position appreciates when a reference asset falls in value. By contrast, the short position loses value when the reference asset’s value increases. Because historically most assets have risen in value over the long term, short positions are expected to depreciate in value. Accordingly, short positions may be riskier and more speculative than traditional investments. In addition, any income, dividends or payments by reference assets in which the Fund has a short position will impose expenses on the Fund that reduce returns.

 

The Fund will obtain short exposure through the use of  swap agreements. To the extent that the Fund obtains short exposure from derivatives, the Fund may be exposed to heightened volatility or limited liquidity related to the reference asset of the underlying short position, which will adversely impact the Fund’s ability to meet its investment objective or adversely impact its performance. If the Fund were to experience this volatility or decreased liquidity, the Fund may be required to obtain short exposure through alternative investment strategies that may be less desirable or more costly to implement. If the reference asset underlying the short position is thinly traded or has a limited market, there may be a lack of available securities or counterparties for the Fund to enter into a short position or obtain short exposure from a derivative.

 

Cash Transaction Risk. Unlike most ETFs, the Fund currently intends to effect creations and redemptions principally for cash, rather than principally for in-kind securities, because of the nature of the financial instruments held by the Fund. As a result, the Fund is not expected to be tax efficient and will incur brokerage costs related to buying and selling securities to achieve its investment objective thus incurring additional expenses than other funds that primarily effect creations and redemptions in kind. To the extent that such costs are not offset by transaction fees paid by an authorized participant, the Fund may bear such costs, which will decrease the Fund’s net asset value.

 

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Intra-Day Investment Risk. The Fund seeks investment results from the close of the market on a given trading day until the close of the market on the subsequent trading day. The exact exposure of an investment in the Fund intraday in the secondary market is a function of the difference between the value of TSLA at the market close on the first trading day and the value of TSLA at the time of purchase. If TSLA loses value, the Fund’s net assets will rise by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Conversely, if TSLA rises, the Fund’s net assets will decline by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Thus, an investor that purchases shares intra-day may experience performance that is greater than, or less than, the Fund’s stated multiple of TSLA.

 

If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or TSLA experiences a significant change in value, the Fund may not meet its investment objective, may not be able to rebalance its portfolio appropriately, or may experience significant premiums or discounts, or widened bid-ask spreads. Additionally, the Fund may close prior to the close of trading on the Exchange and experience significant losses.

 

Daily Inverse Correlation Risk. There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of inverse correlation to TSLA and therefore achieve its daily inverse investment objective. The Fund’s exposure to TSLA is impacted by TSLA’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Fund will be perfectly exposed to TSLA at the end of each day. The possibility of the Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to TSLA increases on days when TSLA is volatile near the close of the trading day. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions and high volatility will also adversely affect the Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels.

 

The Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily inverse investment objective for many reasons, including fees, expenses, transaction costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, accounting standards and their application to income items, disruptions, illiquid or high volatility in the markets for the securities or financial instruments in which the Fund invests, early and unanticipated closings of the markets on which the holdings of the Fund trade, resulting in the inability of the Fund to execute intended portfolio transactions, regulatory and tax considerations, which may cause the Fund to hold (or not to hold) TSLA. The Fund may take or refrain from taking positions in order to improve tax efficiency, comply with regulatory restrictions, or for other reasons, each of which may negatively affect the Fund’s desired inverse correlation with TSLA. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to TSLA. Additionally, the Fund’s underlying investments and/or reference assets may trade on markets that may not be open on the same day as the Fund, which may cause a difference between the changes in the daily performance of the Fund and changes in the performance of TSLA. Any of these factors could decrease the inverse correlation between the performance of the Fund and TSLA and may hinder the Fund’s ability to meet its daily inverse investment objective on or around that day.

 

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Market RiskThe Fund’s investments are subject to changes in general economic conditions, general market fluctuations and the risks inherent in investment in securities markets. Investment markets can be volatile and prices of investments can change substantially due to various factors including, but not limited to, economic growth or recession, changes in interest rates, changes in the actual or perceived creditworthiness of issuers, general market liquidity, exchange trading suspensions and closures, and public health risks. The Fund is subject to the risk that geopolitical events will disrupt markets and adversely affect global economies, markets, and exchanges. Local, regional or global events such as war, acts of terrorism, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health issues, conflicts and social unrest or other events could have a significant impact on the Fund, its investments, and the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

Indirect Investment Risk. Tesla, Inc. is not affiliated with the Trust, the Adviser or any affiliates thereof and is not involved with this offering in any way, and has no obligation to consider the Fund in taking any corporate actions that might affect the value of the Fund. The Trust, the Fund and any affiliate are not responsible for the performance of Tesla, Inc. and make no representation as to the performance of TSLA. Investing in the Fund is not equivalent to investing in TSLA. Fund shareholders will not have voting rights or rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to TSLA.

 

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Tesla, Inc. Investing RiskIssuer-specific attributes may cause an investment held by the Fund to be more volatile than the market generally. The value of an individual security or particular type of security may be more volatile than the market as a whole and may perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. In addition to the risks associated generally with operating companies and electric and autonomous vehicles and other automotive companies, Tesla, Inc. faces risks unique to its operations including, among others, supply or manufacturing delays, increased material or labor costs or shortages, reduced demand for its products, product liability claims, and the ability to attract, hire and retain key employees or qualified personnel. Importantly, Tesla, Inc. is highly dependent on the services of Elon Musk, its Chief Executive Officer, and any actual or anticipated large transactions in Tesla, Inc.’s common stock by Mr. Musk may cause the stock price to decline. The trading price of Tesla, Inc.’s common stock historically has been and is likely to continue to be volatile. Additionally, a large proportion of Tesla, Inc.’s common stock has been historically and may in the future be traded by short sellers which may put pressure on the supply and demand for its common stock, further influencing volatility in its market price. Tesla, Inc. is a highly dynamic company, and its operations, including its products and services, may change.

 

Cryptocurrency Risk. The Fund may have exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin as a result of Tesla holding Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. A cryptocurrency operates without central authority or banks and is not backed by any government. Cryptocurrencies are often referred to as a “virtual currency” or “digital currency,” and operate as a decentralized, peer-to-peer financial exchange and value storage that is used like money. A cryptocurrency is also not a legal tender. Federal, state or foreign governments may restrict the use and exchange of a cryptocurrency, and regulation in the U.S. is still developing. Cryptocurrency exchanges may stop operating or permanently shut down due to fraud, technical glitches, hackers or malware. The Fund’s indirect exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin may be affected by the high volatility associated with such cryptocurrency exposure. Future regulatory actions or policies may limit the ability to sell, exchange or use cryptocurrencies, thereby impairing their prices.

 

Industry Concentration Risk. The Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which Tesla, Inc. is assigned (i.e., hold more than 25% of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure to the industry to which Tesla, Inc. is assigned). A portfolio concentrated in a particular industry may present more risks than a portfolio broadly diversified over several industries. As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

Electric and Autonomous Vehicles Company Risk. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies typically face intense competition and potentially rapid product obsolescence. Many of these companies are also heavily dependent on intellectual property rights and may be adversely affected by loss or impairment of those rights. There can be no assurance these companies will be able to successfully protect their intellectual property to prevent the misappropriation of their technology, or that competitors will not develop technology that is substantially similar or superior to such companies’ technology. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies typically engage in significant amounts of spending on research and development, capital expenditures and mergers and acquisitions, and there is no guarantee that the products or services produced by these companies will be successful. Companies that produce the raw materials that are used in electric vehicles may be concentrated in certain commodities, and therefore be exposed to the price fluctuations of those commodities. In addition, autonomous vehicle technology could face increasing regulatory scrutiny in the future, which may limit the development of this technology and impede the growth of companies that develop and/or utilize this technology. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies are also potential targets for cyberattacks, which can have a materially adverse impact on the performance of these companies. Electric and autonomous vehicles companies rely on artificial intelligence and big data technologies for the development of their platforms and, as a result, could face increased scrutiny as regulators consider how the data is collected, stored, safeguarded and used. The customers and/or suppliers of electric and autonomous vehicles companies may be concentrated in a particular country, region or industry, including in emerging markets. Any adverse event affecting one of these countries, regions or industries could have a negative impact on electric and autonomous vehicles companies.

 

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Automotive Companies Risk. The automotive industry can be highly cyclical, and companies in the industry may suffer periodic operating losses. Automotive companies can be significantly affected by labor relations and fluctuating component prices. Developments in automotive technologies (e.g., autonomous vehicle technologies) may require significant capital expenditures that may not generate profits for several years, if ever. Automotive companies may be significantly subject to government policies and regulations regarding imports and exports of automotive products. Governmental policies affecting the automotive industry, such as taxes, tariffs, duties, subsidies, and import and export restrictions on automotive products can influence industry profitability. In addition, such companies must comply with environmental laws and regulations, for which there may be severe consequences for non-compliance. While most of the major automotive manufacturers are large companies, certain others may be non-diversified in both product line and customer base and may be more vulnerable to certain events that may negatively impact the automotive industry.

 

Consumer Discretionary Sector Risk. Because companies in the consumer discretionary sector manufacture products and provide discretionary services directly to the consumer, the success of these companies is tied closely to the performance of the overall domestic and international economy, including the functioning of the global supply chain, interest rates, competition and consumer confidence. Success depends heavily on disposable household income and consumer spending, and may be strongly affected by social trends and marketing campaigns. Also, companies in the consumer discretionary sector may be subject to severe competition, which may have an adverse impact on a company’s profitability. Changes in demographics and consumer tastes also can affect the demand for, and success of, consumer discretionary products in the marketplace.

 

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Fixed Income Securities Risk. When the Fund invests in fixed income securities, the value of your investment in the Fund will fluctuate with changes in interest rates. Typically, a rise in interest rates causes a decline in the value of fixed income securities owned by the Fund. In general, the market price of fixed income securities with longer maturities will increase or decrease more in response to changes in interest rates than shorter-term securities. Other risk factors include credit risk (the debtor may default), extension risk (an issuer may exercise its right to repay principal on a fixed rate obligation held by the Fund later than expected), and prepayment risk (the debtor may pay its obligation early, reducing the amount of interest payments). These risks could affect the value of a particular investment by the Fund, possibly causing the Fund’s share price and total return to be reduced and fluctuate more than other types of investments.

 

Money Market Instrument Risk. The Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements. Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. Money market instruments may lose money.

 

Large-Capitalization Company Risk. Large-capitalization companies typically have significant financial resources, extensive product lines and broad markets for their goods and/or services. However, they may be less able to adapt to changing market conditions or to respond quickly to competitive challenges or to changes in business, product, financial, or market conditions and may not be able to maintain growth at rates that may be achieved by well-managed smaller and mid-size companies, which may affect the companies’ returns.

 

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Liquidity Risk. Holdings of the Fund may be difficult to buy or sell or may be illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities may be difficult to value, especially in changing or volatile markets. If the Fund is forced to buy or sell an illiquid security or derivative instrument at an unfavorable time or price, the Fund may be adversely impacted. Certain market conditions or restrictions may prevent the Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with TSLA. There is no assurance that a security or derivative instrument that is deemed liquid when purchased will continue to be liquid. Market illiquidity may cause losses for the Fund. To the extent that TSLA value increases or decreases significantly, the Fund may be one of many market participants that are attempting to transact in TSLA. Under such circumstances, the market for TSLA may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have more difficulty transacting in the securities or financial instruments and the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate the price changes of TSLA and may impact the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objective.

 

In certain cases, the market for certain securities in TSLA and/or Fund may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have difficulty transacting in it and/or in correlated investments, such as swap contracts. Further, the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate illiquidity and volatility in the price of TSLA and correlated derivative instruments.

 

Early Close/Trading Halt RiskAlthough an underlying security’s shares are listed for trading on an exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will be available at all times. An exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities or financial instruments, including the shares of the Fund. Under such circumstances, the ability to buy or sell certain portfolio securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell investments for its portfolio, may disrupt the Fund’s creation/redemption process and may temporarily prevent investors from buying and selling shares of the Fund. In addition, the Fund may be unable to accurately price its investments, may fail to achieve performance that is correlated with TSLA and may incur substantial losses. If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or the securities of the Index experience a significant increase or decrease, the Fund may not meet its investment objective or rebalance its portfolio appropriately. Additionally, the Fund may close to purchases and sales of Shares prior to the close of regular trading on NASDAQ and incur significant losses.

 

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Equity Securities RiskPublicly issued equity securities, including common stocks, are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests, and/or has exposure to, will cause the net asset value of the Fund to fluctuate.

 

Tax Risk. In order to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a regulated investment company (“RIC”) and its shareholders, the Fund must derive at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year from “qualifying income,” meet certain asset diversification tests at the end of each taxable quarter, and meet annual distribution requirements. The Fund’s pursuit of its investment strategy will potentially be limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify for such treatment and could adversely affect the Fund’s ability to so qualify. The Fund may make certain investments, the treatment of which for these purposes is unclear. If, in any year, the Fund were to fail to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a RIC and its shareholders, and were ineligible to or were not to cure such failure, the Fund would be taxed in the same manner as an ordinary corporation subject to U.S. federal income tax on all its income at the fund level. The resulting taxes could substantially reduce the Fund’s net assets and the amount of income available for distribution. In addition, in order to requalify for taxation as a RIC, the Fund could be required to recognize unrealized gains, pay substantial taxes and interest, and make certain distributions. Please see the section entitled “Taxes” in the Statement of Additional Information for more information.

 

Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is classified as “non-diversified” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. This means it has the ability to invest a relatively high percentage of its assets in the securities of a small number of issuers or in financial instruments with a single counterparty or a few counterparties. This may increase the Fund’s volatility and increase the risk that the Fund’s performance will decline based on the performance of a single issuer or the credit of a single counterparty and make the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund.

 

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ETF Risks. The Fund is an exchange-traded fund, and, as a result of an ETF’s structure, it is exposed to the following risks:

 

Authorized Participants, Market Makers, and Liquidity Providers Limitation Risk. The Fund has a limited number of financial institutions that may act as Authorized Participants (“APs”). In addition, there may be a limited number of market makers and/or liquidity providers in the marketplace. To the extent either of the following events occur, Shares may trade at a material discount to NAV and possibly face delisting: (i) APs exit the business or otherwise become unable to process creation and/or redemption orders and no other APs step forward to perform these services, or (ii) market makers and/or liquidity providers exit the business or significantly reduce their business activities and no other entities step forward to perform their functions.

 

Cash Redemption Risk. The Fund intends to redeem Shares for cash rather than in-kind. The Fund may be required to sell or unwind portfolio investments to obtain the cash needed to distribute redemption proceeds. This may cause the Fund to incur certain costs such as brokerage costs, and to recognize capital gains that it might not have recognized if it had made a redemption in-kind. As a result, the Fund may pay out higher annual capital gain distributions than if the in-kind redemption process was used.

 

Costs of Buying or Selling Shares. Due to the costs of buying or selling Shares, including brokerage commissions imposed by brokers and bid/ask spreads, frequent trading of Shares may significantly reduce investment results and an investment in Shares may not be advisable for investors who anticipate regularly making small investments.

  

Shares May Trade at Prices Other Than NAV. As with all ETFs, Shares may be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. Although it is expected that the market price of Shares will approximate the Fund’s NAV, there may be times when the market price of Shares is more than the NAV intra-day (premium) or less than the NAV intra-day (discount) due to supply and demand of Shares or during periods of market volatility. This risk is heightened in times of market volatility and volatility in the Fund’s portfolio holdings, periods of steep market declines, and periods when there is limited trading activity for Shares in the secondary market, in which case such premiums or discounts may be significant. If an investor purchases Shares at a time when the market price is at a premium to the NAV of the Shares or sells at a time when the market price is at a discount to the NAV of the Shares, then the investor may sustain losses that are in addition to any losses caused by a decrease in NAV.

  

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Trading. Although Shares are listed for trading on a national securities exchange, and may be traded on other U.S. exchanges, there can be no assurance that Shares will trade with any volume, or at all, on any stock exchange. In stressed market conditions, the liquidity of Shares may begin to mirror the liquidity of the Fund’s underlying portfolio holdings, which can be significantly less liquid than Fund Shares.

  

New Fund RiskAs of the date of this prospectus, the Fund has no operating history and currently has fewer assets than larger funds. Like other new funds, large inflows and outflows may impact the Fund’s market exposure for limited periods of time. This impact may be positive or negative, depending on the direction of market movement during the period affected.

 

The Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

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Performance History

 

The Fund does not have a full calendar year of performance history. In the future, performance information will be presented in this section of the Prospectus. Performance information will contain a bar chart and table that provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing the Fund’s average annual returns for certain time periods as compared to a broad measure of market performance. Investors should be aware that past performance before and after taxes is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future.

 

Updated performance information for the Fund, including its current net asset value per share, is available by calling toll-free at (833) 759-6110.

 

Investment Adviser

 

Tuttle Capital Management, LLC (the “Adviser”) is the investment adviser to the Fund.

 

Portfolio Manager

 

Matthew Tuttle, Chief Executive Officer of the Adviser, has served as the Fund’s portfolio manager since its inception.

 

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

 

The Fund will issue (or redeem) shares to certain institutional investors (typically market makers or other broker-dealers) only in large blocks of at least 10,000 shares known as “Creation Units.” Creation Unit transactions are typically conducted in exchange for the deposit or delivery of in-kind securities and/or cash. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold on a national securities exchange through a broker-dealer. You can purchase and sell individual shares of the Fund throughout the trading day like any publicly traded security. The Fund’s shares are listed on the Exchange (i.e., NASDAQ). The price of the Fund’s shares is based on market price, and because exchange-traded fund shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). When buying or selling shares through a broker, most investors will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered prices in the secondary market for shares. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Fund’s shares are not redeemable securities. Recent information regarding the Fund, including its NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, is available on the Fund’s website at www.rexshares.com.

 

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Tax Information

 

The Fund’s distributions will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gain, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account in which case withdrawals will be taxed.

 

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

 

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (e.g., a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

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FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X LONG NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND

 

The T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF (the “Fund”) seeks daily leveraged investment results and is very different from most other exchange-traded funds. As a result, the Fund may be riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Fund’s objective is to magnify (200%) the daily performance of the publicly-traded common stock of NVIDIA Corp. (NASDAQ: NVDA) (“NVDA”). The return for investors that invest for periods longer or shorter than a trading day should not be expected to be 200% of the performance of the NVDA for the period. The return of the Fund for a period longer than a trading day will be the result of each trading day’s compounded return over the period, which will very likely differ from 200% of the return of the NVDA for that period. Longer holding periods, higher volatility of the NVDA and leverage increase the impact of compounding on an investor’s returns. During periods of higher NVDA volatility, the volatility of the NVDA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of the NVDA.

 

The Fund is not suitable for all investors. The Fund is designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily leveraged (2X) investment results, understand the risks associated with the use of leverage and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. The Fund is not intended to be used by, and is not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. For periods longer than a single day, the Fund will lose money if the NVDA’s performance is flat, and it is possible that the Fund will lose money even if the NVDA’s performance increases over a period longer than a single day. An investor could lose the full principal value of his/her investment within a single day if the NVDA loses more than 50% in one day.

 

Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the daily performance of NVDA. The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective for a period of time different than a trading day.

 

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Fees and Expenses of the Fund

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below.  

 

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)  

   
Management Fee(1) 1.05%
Other Expenses(2) 0.00%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses(3) 1.05%
   
(1) Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, Tuttle Capital Management LLC (the “Adviser”), at its own expense and without reimbursement from the Fund, pays all of the expenses of the Fund, excluding the advisory fees, interest expenses, taxes, acquired fund fees and expenses, brokerage commissions and any other portfolio transaction-related expenses and fees arising out of transactions effected on behalf of the Fund, credit facility fees and expenses, including interest expenses, and litigation and indemnification expenses and other extraordinary expenses not incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business.

 

(2) Other Expenses are estimated for the Fund’s initial fiscal year.

 

(3) The cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is an indirect expense that is not included in the above fee table and is not reflected in the expense example. The total indirect cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is estimated to be 0.196% for the fiscal period ending June 30, 2024.

 

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Example

 

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then hold or redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a five percent (5%) return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

Name of Fund 1 Year 3 Years
T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF $107 $334
     

Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. As of the date of this Prospectus, the Fund has not yet commenced operations and therefore does not have any portfolio turnover information available.

 

Principal Investment Strategies

 

The Fund, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% daily exposure to NVDA equal to at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in NVDA that is equal, on a daily basis, to 200% of the value of the Fund’s net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain NVDA exposure for the Fund equal to 200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which NVDA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide leveraged exposure in the industry to which NVDA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

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The Fund will attempt to achieve its investment objective without regard to overall market movement or the increase or decrease of the value of NVDA. At the close of the markets each trading day, the Adviser rebalances the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to NVDA is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. The impact of NVDA’s price movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be rebalanced. For example, if the price of NVDA has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the price of NVDA has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This daily rebalancing typically results in high portfolio turnover. On a day-to-day basis, the Fund is expected to hold money market funds, deposit accounts with institutions with high quality (investment grade) credit ratings, and/or short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality (investment grade) credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements.

 

Generally, the Fund pursues its investment objective regardless of market conditions and does not generally take defensive positions. If the Fund’s underlying security moves more than 50% on a given trading day in a direction adverse to the Fund, the Fund’s investors would lose all of their money. Taking a temporary defensive position may result in the Fund not achieving its investment objective.

 

The terms “daily,” “day,” and “trading day,” refer to the period from the close of the markets on one trading day to the close of the markets on the next trading day. The Fund is “non-diversified,” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Additionally, the Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Fund’s Board of Trustees without shareholder approval.

 

NVIDIA Corp. designs, develops, and markets three-dimensional (3D) graphics processors and related software. NVIDIA offers products that provide interactive 3D graphics to the mainstream personal computer market. NVIDIA pioneered accelerated computing to help solve the most challenging computational problems. The company’s graphics processing units (GPUs) were initially used to simulate human imagination, enabling the virtual worlds of video games and films. NVIDIA has leveraged its GPU architecture to create platforms for scientific computing, artificial intelligence, data science, autonomous vehicles, robotics, metaverse, and 3D internet applications. NVIDIA’s GPU brands are GeForce for games, Quadro/NVIDIA RTX GPUs for enterprise workstation graphics, and virtual GPU, for cloud-based visual and virtual computing. The company generates about 30% of the total revenue from the US. NVDA is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Information provided to or filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by NVIDIA Corp. pursuant to the Exchange Act can be located by reference to the Securities and Exchange Commission file number 0-23985 through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, information regarding NVIDIA Corp. may be obtained from other sources including, but not limited to, press releases, newspaper articles and other publicly disseminated documents. As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

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The Fund has derived all disclosures contained in this document regarding NVIDIA Corp. from the publicly available documents described above. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate has participated in the preparation of such documents. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate makes any representation that such publicly available documents or any other publicly available information regarding NVIDIA Corp. is accurate or complete. Furthermore, the Fund cannot give any assurance that all events occurring prior to the date of the prospectus (including events that would affect the accuracy or completeness of the publicly available documents described above) that would affect the trading price of NVDA have been publicly disclosed. Subsequent disclosure of any such events or the disclosure of, or failure to disclose, material future events concerning NVIDIA Corp. could affect the value of the Fund’s investments with respect to NVDA and therefore the value of the Fund.

 

Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from 200% of the return of the underlying security over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the underlying security performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the underlying security’s volatility and the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the underlying security’s performance increases over a period longer than a single day.

 

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Principal Risks

 

An investment in the Fund entails risk. The Fund may not achieve its leveraged investment objective and there is a risk that you could lose all of your money invested in the Fund. The Fund is not a complete investment program. In addition, the Fund presents risks not traditionally associated with other mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review all of the risks listed below and understand them before making an investment in the Fund.

 

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk. The Fund has a daily leveraged investment objective and the Fund’s performance for periods greater than a trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which is very likely to differ from 200% of NVDA’s performance, before fees and expenses. Compounding affects all investments, but has a more significant impact on funds that are leveraged and that rebalance daily and becomes more pronounced as volatility and holding periods increase. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of NVDA during the shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

The chart below provides examples of how NVDA volatility and its return could affect the Fund’s performance. Fund performance for periods greater than one single day can be estimated given any set of assumptions for the following factors: a) NVDA volatility; b) NVDA performance; c) period of time; d) financing rates associated with leveraged exposure; e) other Fund expenses; and f) dividends or interest paid with respect to NVDA. The chart below illustrates the impact of two principal factors – NVDA volatility and NVDA performance – on Fund performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of NVDA volatility and NVDA performance over a one-year period. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect to NVDA; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain leveraged exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. Particularly during periods of higher volatility, compounding will cause results for periods longer than a trading day to vary from 200% of the performance of NVDA.

 

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During periods of higher NVDA volatility, the volatility of NVDA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of NVDA. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of NVDA during a shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

As shown in the chart below, the Fund would be expected to lose 6.1% if NVDA provided no return over a one year period during which NVDA experienced annualized volatility of 25%. At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a significant loss of value in the Fund, even if NVDA’s return is flat. For instance, if NVDA’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose 63.2% of its value, even if the cumulative return for the year was 0%. Areas shaded red (or dark gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return less than 200% of the performance of NVDA and those shaded green (or light gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return more than 200% of the performance of NVDA. The table below is not a representation of the Fund’s actual returns, which may be significantly better or worse than the returns shown below as a result of any of the factors discussed above or in “Daily Correlation Risk” below. 

 

One

Year

200%

One

Year

Volatility Rate
Return Return 10% 25% 50% 75% 100%
-60% -120% -84.2% -85.0% -87.5% -90.9% -94.1%
-50% -100% -75.2% -76.5% -80.5% -85.8% -90.8%
-40% -80% -64.4% -66.2% -72.0% -79.5% -86.8%
-30% -60% -51.5% -54.0% -61.8% -72.1% -82.0%
-20% -40% -36.6% -39.9% -50.2% -63.5% -76.5%
-10% -20% -19.8% -23.9% -36.9% -53.8% -70.2%
0% 0% -1.0% -6.1% -22.1% -43.0% -63.2%
10% 20% 19.8% 13.7% -5.8% -31.1% -55.5%
20% 40% 42.6% 35.3% 12.1% -18.0% -47.0%
30% 60% 67.3% 58.8% 31.6% -3.7% -37.8%
40% 80% 94.0% 84.1% 52.6% 11.7% -27.9%
50% 100% 122.8% 111.4% 75.2% 28.2% -17.2%
60% 120% 153.5% 140.5% 99.4% 45.9% -5.8%

 

 

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NVDA’s annualized historical daily volatility rate for the five year period ended December 31, 2022 was 51.89%. NVDA’s annualized daily volatility rates were as follows:

 

2018       49.18%

 2019      40.61%

2020       57.82% 

2021       44.98% 

2022       63.21%

 

Volatility for a shorter period of time may have been substantially higher.

 

NVDA’s annualized performance for the five-year period ended December 31, 2022 was 24.72%. Historical volatility and performance are not indications of what NVDA volatility and performance will be in the future.

 

For information regarding the effects of volatility and performance on the long-term performance of the Fund, see “Additional Information About Investment Techniques and Policies.”

 

Leverage Risk. The Fund obtains investment exposure in excess of its net assets by utilizing leverage and may lose more money in market conditions that are adverse to its investment objective than a fund that does not utilize leverage. An investment in the Fund is exposed to the risk that a decline in the daily performance of NVDA will be magnified. This means that an investment in the Fund will be reduced by an amount equal to 2% for every 1% daily decline in NVDA, not including the costs of financing leverage and other operating expenses, which would further reduce its value. The Fund could theoretically lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of a security decline of more than 50%. This would result in a total loss of a shareholder’s investment in one day even if NVDA subsequently moves in the opposite direction and eliminates all or a portion of its earlier daily change. A total loss may occur in a single day even if NVDA does not lose all of its value. Leverage will also have the effect of magnifying any differences in the Fund’s correlation with NVDA and may increase the volatility of the Fund.

 

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To the extent that the instruments utilized by the Fund are thinly traded or have a limited market, the Fund may be unable to meet its investment objective due to a lack of available investments or counterparties. During such periods, the Fund’s ability to issue additional Creation Units may be adversely affected. As a result, the Fund’s shares could trade at a premium or discount to their net asset value and/or the bid-ask spread of the Fund’s shares could widen. Under such circumstances, the Fund may increase its transaction fee, change its investment objective by, for example, seeking to track an alternative index, reduce its leverage or close.

 

Derivatives Risk. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive value from the underlying reference asset or assets, such as stocks, bonds, or funds (including ETFs), interest rates or indexes. Investing in derivatives may be considered aggressive and may expose the Fund to greater risks, and may result in larger losses or small gains, than investing directly in the reference assets underlying those derivatives, which may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective.

 

The Fund expects to use swap agreements to achieve its investment objective. The Fund’s investments in derivatives may pose risks in addition to, and greater than, those associated with directly investing in securities or other investments, including risk related to the market, leverage, imperfect correlations with underlying investments or the Fund’s other portfolio holdings, higher price volatility, lack of availability, counterparty, liquidity, valuation and legal restrictions. The performance of a derivative may not track the performance of its reference asset, including due to fees and other costs associated with it. Because derivatives often require only a limited initial investment, the use of derivatives may expose the Fund to losses in excess of the amount initially invested. As a result, the value of an investment in the Fund may change quickly and without warning. Additionally, any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Fund’s return. Such costs may increase as interest rates rise.

 

Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a reference asset. Swap agreements are generally traded over-the-counter, and therefore, may not receive regulatory protection, which may expose investors to significant losses.

 

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The Fund will be subject to regulatory constraints relating to the level of value at risk that the Fund may incur through its derivatives portfolio. To the extent the Fund exceeds these regulatory thresholds over an extended period, the Fund may determine that it is necessary to make adjustments to the Fund’s investment strategy and the Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Counterparty Risk. A counterparty may be unwilling or unable to make timely payments to meet its contractual obligations or may fail to return holdings that are subject to the agreement with the counterparty. If the counterparty or its affiliate becomes insolvent, bankrupt or defaults on its payment obligations to the Fund, the value of an investment held by the Fund may decline. Additionally, if any collateral posted by the counterparty for the benefit of the Fund is insufficient or there are delays in the Fund’s ability to access such collateral, the Fund may not be able to achieve its leveraged investment objective.

 

In addition, the Fund may enter into swap agreements with a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Fund and, as a result, the Fund may not be able to achieve its leveraged investment objective or may decide to change its leveraged investment objective.

 

Rebalancing Risk. If for any reason the Fund is unable to rebalance all or a part of its portfolio, or if all or a portion of the portfolio is rebalanced incorrectly, the Fund’s investment exposure may not be consistent with its investment objective. In these instances, the Fund may have investment exposure to NVDA that is significantly greater or significantly less than its stated multiple. The Fund may be more exposed to leverage risk than if it had been properly rebalanced and may not achieve its investment objective, leading to significantly greater losses or reduced gains.

 

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Intra-Day Investment Risk. The Fund seeks leveraged investment results from the close of the market on a given trading day until the close of the market on the subsequent trading day. The exact exposure of an investment in the Fund intraday in the secondary market is a function of the difference between the value of NVDA at the market close on the first trading day and the value of NVDA at the time of purchase. If NVDA gains value, the Fund’s net assets will rise by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Conversely, if NVDA declines, the Fund’s net assets will decline by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Thus, an investor that purchases shares intra-day may experience performance that is greater than, or less than, the Fund’s stated multiple of NVDA.

 

If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or the securities experience a significant change in value, the Fund may not meet its investment objective, may not be able to rebalance its portfolio appropriately, or may experience significant premiums or discounts, or widened bid-ask spreads. Additionally, the Fund may close to purchases and sales of Shares prior to the close of trading on the Exchange and incur significant losses.

 

Daily Correlation Risk. There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation to NVDA and therefore achieve its daily leveraged investment objective. The Fund’s exposure to NVDA is impacted by NVDA’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Fund will be perfectly exposed to NVDA at the end of each day. The possibility of the Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to NVDA increases on days when NVDA is volatile near the close of the trading day. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions and high volatility will also adversely affect the Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels.

 

The Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily leveraged investment objective for many reasons, including fees, expenses, transaction costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, accounting standards and their application to income items, disruptions, illiquid or high volatility in the markets for the securities or financial instruments in which the Fund invests, early and unanticipated closings of the markets on which the holdings of the Fund trade, resulting in the inability of the Fund to execute intended portfolio transactions, regulatory and tax considerations, which may cause the Fund to hold (or not to hold) NVDA. The Fund may take or refrain from taking positions in order to improve tax efficiency, comply with regulatory restrictions, or for other reasons, each of which may negatively affect the Fund’s desired correlation with NVDA. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to NVDA. Additionally, the Fund’s underlying investments and/or reference assets may trade on markets that may not be open on the same day as the Fund, which may cause a difference between the changes in the daily performance of the Fund and changes in the performance of NVDA. Any of these factors could decrease the correlation between the performance of the Fund and NVDA and may hinder the Fund’s ability to meet its daily leveraged investment objective on or around that day.

 

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Market Risk. The Fund’s investments are subject to changes in general economic conditions, general market fluctuations and the risks inherent in investment in securities markets. Investment markets can be volatile and prices of investments can change substantially due to various factors including, but not limited to, economic growth or recession, changes in interest rates, changes in the actual or perceived creditworthiness of issuers, general market liquidity, exchange trading suspensions and closures, and public health risks. The Fund is subject to the risk that geopolitical events will disrupt markets and adversely affect global economies, markets, and exchanges. Local, regional or global events such as war, acts of terrorism, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health issues, conflicts and social unrest or other events could have a significant impact on the Fund, its investments, and the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

Indirect Investment Risk. NVIDIA, Corp. is not affiliated with the Trust, the Adviser or any affiliates thereof and is not involved with this offering in any way, and has no obligation to consider the Fund in taking any corporate actions that might affect the value of the Fund. The Trust, the Fund and any affiliate are not responsible for the performance of NVIDIA Corp. and make no representation as to the performance of NVDA. Investing in the Fund is not equivalent to investing in NVDA. Fund shareholders will not have voting rights or rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to NVDA.

 

NVIDIA Corp. Investing RiskIssuer-specific attributes may cause an investment held by the Fund to be more volatile than the market generally. The value of an individual security or particular type of security may be more volatile than the market as a whole and may perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. As of the date of this prospectus, in addition to the risks associated generally with operating companies and companies in the semiconductor industry, NVIDIA faces risks specifically related to its operations that could cause the company to lose market share and revenue, adversely impacting its financial results and its stock price. These risks include, among others, failure to meet the evolving needs of its industry and market; competition in its current and target markets; failure to estimate customer demand; dependency on third-party suppliers; defects in its products; adverse economic, political, business and other changes in international regions in which the company operates; product, system security, and data breaches and cyber-attacks; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic; adverse changes in laws, rules and regulations; increased scrutiny from shareholders, regulators and others regarding the company’s environmental, social and governance responsibilities; issues relating to the responsible use of the company’s technologies, including artificial intelligence; issues relating to the protection of the company’s intellectual property rights; the risks of litigation, investigation and regulatory proceedings; and the company’s level of indebtedness.

 

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Cryptocurrency Risk. The Fund may have exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin as a result of NVIDIA’s reliance on sales of its products to cryptocurrency miners. Miners generate revenue from both newly created Bitcoin (known as the “block reward”) and from fees taken upon verification of transactions. If the aggregate revenue from transaction fees and the block reward is below a miner’s cost, the miner may cease operations. An acute cessation of mining operations would reduce the collective processing power on the blockchain. A large-scale cessation, either due to policy intervention or other reasons, may also cause higher volatility in Bitcoin price, lower process power of the bitcoin network, and higher transaction costs.

 

A cryptocurrency operates without central authority or banks and is not backed by any government. Cryptocurrencies are often referred to as a “virtual currency” or “digital currency,” and operate as a decentralized, peer-to-peer financial exchange and value storage that is used like money. A cryptocurrency is also not a legal tender. Federal, state or foreign governments may restrict the use and exchange of a cryptocurrency, and regulation in the U.S. is still developing. Cryptocurrency exchanges may stop operating or permanently shut down due to fraud, technical glitches, hackers or malware. The Fund’s indirect exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin may be affected by the high volatility associated with such cryptocurrency exposure. Future regulatory actions or policies may limit the ability to sell, exchange or use cryptocurrencies, thereby impairing their prices.

 

Industry Concentration Risk. The Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which NVIDIA is assigned (i.e., hold more than 25% of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure to the industry to which NVIDIA, Corp. is assigned). A portfolio concentrated in a particular industry may present more risks than a portfolio broadly diversified over several industries. As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

Semiconductor Company Risk. Competitive pressures may have a significant effect on the financial condition of semiconductor companies and, as product cycles shorten and manufacturing capacity increases, these companies may become increasingly subject to aggressive pricing, which hampers profitability. Reduced demand for end-user products, under-utilization of manufacturing capacity, and other factors could adversely impact the operating results of companies in the semiconductor sector. Semiconductor companies typically face high capital costs and may be heavily dependent on intellectual property rights. The semiconductor sector is highly cyclical, which may cause the operating results of many semiconductor companies to vary significantly. The stock prices of companies in the semiconductor sector have been and likely will continue to be extremely volatile.

 

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Technology Sector Risk. Market or economic factors impacting technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technological advances could have a major effect on the value of the Fund’s investments. The value of stocks of technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technology is particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in technology product cycles, rapid product obsolescence, government regulation and competition, both domestically and internationally, including competition from foreign competitors with lower production costs. Technology companies are heavily dependent on patent and intellectual property rights, the loss or impairment of which may adversely affect profitability. Additionally, companies in the technology sector may face dramatic and often unpredictable changes in growth rates and competition for the services of qualified personnel.

 

Fixed Income Securities Risk. When the Fund invests in fixed income securities, the value of your investment in the Fund will fluctuate with changes in interest rates. Typically, a rise in interest rates causes a decline in the value of fixed income securities owned by the Fund. In general, the market price of fixed income securities with longer maturities will increase or decrease more in response to changes in interest rates than shorter-term securities. Other risk factors include credit risk (the debtor may default), extension risk (an issuer may exercise its right to repay principal on a fixed rate obligation held by the Fund later than expected), and prepayment risk (the debtor may pay its obligation early, reducing the amount of interest payments). These risks could affect the value of a particular investment by the Fund, possibly causing the Fund’s share price and total return to be reduced and fluctuate more than other types of investments.

 

Money Market Instrument Risk. The Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements. Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. Money market instruments may lose money.

 

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Large-Capitalization Company RiskLarge-capitalization companies typically have significant financial resources, extensive product lines and broad markets for their goods and/or services. However, they may be less able to adapt to changing market conditions or to respond quickly to competitive challenges or to changes in business, product, financial, or market conditions and may not be able to maintain growth at rates that may be achieved by well-managed smaller and mid-size companies, which may affect the companies’ returns.

 

Liquidity Risk. Holdings of the Fund may be difficult to buy or sell or may be illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities may be difficult to value, especially in changing or volatile markets. If the Fund is forced to buy or sell an illiquid security or derivative instrument at an unfavorable time or price, the Fund may be adversely impacted. Certain market conditions or restrictions may prevent the Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with NVDA. There is no assurance that a security or derivative instrument that is deemed liquid when purchased will continue to be liquid. Market illiquidity may cause losses for the Fund. To the extent that NVDA value increases or decreases significantly, the Fund may be one of many market participants that are attempting to transact in NVDA. Under such circumstances, the market for securities of NVDA may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have more difficulty transacting in NVDA or financial instruments and the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate the price changes of NVDA and may impact the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objective.

 

In certain cases, the market for certain securities in NVDA and/or Fund may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have difficulty transacting in it and/or in correlated investments, such as swap contracts. Further, the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate illiquidity and volatility in the price of NVDA and correlated derivative instruments.

 

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Early Close/Trading Halt RiskAlthough an underlying security’s shares are listed for trading on an exchange, there can be no assurance that an active trading market for such shares will be available at all times. An exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities or financial instruments, including the shares of the Fund. Under such circumstances, the ability to buy or sell certain portfolio securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell investments for its portfolio, may disrupt the Fund’s creation/redemption process and may temporarily prevent investors from buying and selling shares of the Fund. In addition, the Fund may be unable to accurately price its investments, may fail to achieve performance that is correlated with NVDA and may incur substantial losses. If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or NVDA experiences a significant price increase or decrease, the Fund may not meet its investment objective or rebalance its portfolio appropriately. Additionally, the Fund may close to purchases and sales of Shares prior to the close of regular trading on Cboe BZX and incur significant losses.

 

Equity Securities Risk. Publicly issued equity securities, including common stocks, are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests, and/or has exposure to, will cause the net asset value of the Fund to fluctuate.

 

Cash Transaction Risk. The Fund intends to effect creations and redemptions for cash rather than for in-kind securities. As a result, the Fund may not be tax efficient and may incur brokerage costs related to buying and selling securities to achieve its investment objective thus incurring additional expenses than if it had effected creations and redemptions in kind. To the extent that such costs are not offset by transaction fees paid by an authorized participant, the Fund may bear such costs, which will decrease the Fund’s net asset value.

 

Tax Risk. In order to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a regulated investment company (“RIC”) and its shareholders, the Fund must derive at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year from “qualifying income,” meet certain asset diversification tests at the end of each taxable quarter, and meet annual distribution requirements. The Fund’s pursuit of its investment strategy will potentially be limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify for such treatment and could adversely affect the Fund’s ability to so qualify. The Fund may make certain investments, the treatment of which for these purposes is unclear. If, in any year, the Fund were to fail to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a RIC and its shareholders, and were ineligible to or were not to cure such failure, the Fund would be taxed in the same manner as an ordinary corporation subject to U.S. federal income tax on all its income at the fund level. The resulting taxes could substantially reduce the Fund’s net assets and the amount of income available for distribution. In addition, in order to requalify for taxation as a RIC, the Fund could be required to recognize unrealized gains, pay substantial taxes and interest, and make certain distributions. Please see the section entitled “Taxes” in the Statement of Additional Information for more information.

 

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Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is classified as “non-diversified” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. This means it has the ability to invest a relatively high percentage of its assets in the securities of a small number of issuers or in financial instruments with a single counterparty or a few counterparties. This may increase the Fund’s volatility and increase the risk that the Fund’s performance will decline based on the performance of a single issuer or the credit of a single counterparty and make the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund.

 

ETF Risks. The Fund is an exchange-traded fund, and, as a result of an ETF’s structure, it is exposed to the following risks:

 

Authorized Participants, Market Makers, and Liquidity Providers Limitation Risk. The Fund has a limited number of financial institutions that may act as Authorized Participants (“APs”). In addition, there may be a limited number of market makers and/or liquidity providers in the marketplace. To the extent either of the following events occur, Shares may trade at a material discount to NAV and possibly face delisting: (i) APs exit the business or otherwise become unable to process creation and/or redemption orders and no other APs step forward to perform these services, or (ii) market makers and/or liquidity providers exit the business or significantly reduce their business activities and no other entities step forward to perform their functions.

  

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Cash Redemption Risk. The Fund intends to redeem Shares for cash rather than in-kind. The Fund may be required to sell or unwind portfolio investments to obtain the cash needed to distribute redemption proceeds. This may cause the Fund to incur certain costs such as brokerage costs, and to recognize capital gains that it might not have recognized if it had made a redemption in-kind. As a result, the Fund may pay out higher annual capital gain distributions than if the in-kind redemption process was used..

 

Costs of Buying or Selling Shares. Due to the costs of buying or selling Shares, including brokerage commissions imposed by brokers and bid/ask spreads, frequent trading of Shares may significantly reduce investment results and an investment in Shares may not be advisable for investors who anticipate regularly making small investments.

  

Shares May Trade at Prices Other Than NAV. As with all ETFs, Shares may be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. Although it is expected that the market price of Shares will approximate the Fund’s NAV, there may be times when the market price of Shares is more than the NAV intra-day (premium) or less than the NAV intra-day (discount) due to supply and demand of Shares or during periods of market volatility. This risk is heightened in times of market volatility and volatility in the Fund’s portfolio holdings, periods of steep market declines, and periods when there is limited trading activity for Shares in the secondary market, in which case such premiums or discounts may be significant. If an investor purchases Shares at a time when the market price is at a premium to the NAV of the Shares or sells at a time when the market price is at a discount to the NAV of the Shares, then the investor may sustain losses that are in addition to any losses caused by a decrease in NAV.

   

Trading. Although Shares are listed for trading on a national securities exchange, and may be traded on other U.S. exchanges, there can be no assurance that Shares will trade with any volume, or at all, on any stock exchange. In stressed market conditions, the liquidity of Shares may begin to mirror the liquidity of the Fund’s underlying portfolio holdings, which can be significantly less liquid than Fund Shares.

 

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New Fund Risk. As of the date of this prospectus, the Fund has no operating history and currently has fewer assets than larger funds. Like other new funds, large inflows and outflows may impact the Fund’s market exposure for limited periods of time. This impact may be positive or negative, depending on the direction of market movement during the period affected.

 

The Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Performance History

 

The Fund does not have a full calendar year of performance history. In the future, performance information will be presented in this section of the Prospectus. Performance information will contain a bar chart and table that provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing the Fund’s average annual returns for certain time periods as compared to a broad measure of market performance. Investors should be aware that past performance before and after taxes is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future.

 

Updated performance information for the Fund, including its current net asset value per share, is available by calling toll-free at (833) 759-6110.

 

Investment Adviser

 

Tuttle Capital Management, LLC (the “Adviser”) is the investment adviser to the Fund.

 

Portfolio Manager

 

Matthew Tuttle, Chief Executive Officer of the Adviser, has served as the Fund’s portfolio manager since its inception.

 

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Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

 

The Fund will issue (or redeem) shares to certain institutional investors (typically market makers or other broker-dealers) only in large blocks of at least 10,000 shares known as “Creation Units.” Creation Unit transactions are typically conducted in exchange for the deposit or delivery of in-kind securities and/or cash. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold on a national securities exchange through a broker-dealer. You can purchase and sell individual shares of the Fund throughout the trading day like any publicly traded security. The Fund’s shares are listed on the Exchange (i.e., Cboe BZX). The price of the Fund’s shares is based on market price, and because exchange-traded fund shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). When buying or selling shares through a broker, most investors will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered prices in the secondary market for shares. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Fund’s shares are not redeemable securities. Recent information regarding the Fund, including its NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, is available on the Fund’s website at www.rexshares.com.

 

Tax Information

 

The Fund’s distributions will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gain, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account in which case withdrawals will be taxed.

 

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

 

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (e.g., a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

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FUND SUMMARY – T-REX 2X INVERSE NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND

 

The T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF (the “Fund”) seeks daily inverse investment results and is very different from most other exchange-traded funds. The pursuit of daily inverse investment goals means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a full trading day may have no resemblance to -200% of the return of the publicly-traded common stock of NVIDIA, Corp. (NASDAQ: NVDA) (“NVDA”). This means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a trading day will be the result of each single day’s compounded return over the period, which will very likely differ from -200% of the return of NVDA for that period. Longer holding periods and higher volatility of NVDA increase the impact of compounding on an investor’s returns. During periods of higher volatility, the volatility of NVDA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of NVDA. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods longer or shorter than a trading day should not be expected to be -200% of the performance of NVDA for the period.

 

The Fund is not suitable for all investors. The Fund is designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily inverse (-2X) investment results, understand the risks associated with the use of shorting and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. The Fund is not intended to be used by, and is not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. For periods longer than a single day, the Fund will lose money if NVDA’s performance is flat, and it is possible that the Fund will lose money even if NVDA’s performance decreases over a period longer than a single day. An investor could lose the full principal value of his/her investment within a single day if the price of NVDA goes up by more than 50% in one trading day.

 

Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the inverse (or opposite) of the daily performance of NVDA. The Fund does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective for a period of time different than a trading day.

 

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Fees and Expenses of the Fund

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below.

 

 

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

   
Management Fee(1) 1.05%  
Other Expenses(2) 0.00%  
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses(3) 1.05%  
     

 

(1) Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, Tuttle Capital Management LLC (the “Adviser”), at its own expense and without reimbursement from the Fund, pays all of the expenses of the Fund, excluding the advisory fees, interest expenses, taxes, acquired fund fees and expenses, brokerage commissions and any other portfolio transaction-related expenses and fees arising out of transactions effected on behalf of the Fund, credit facility fees and expenses, including interest expenses, and litigation and indemnification expenses and other extraordinary expenses not incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business.

 

(2) Other Expenses are estimated for the Fund’s initial fiscal year.

 

(3) The cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is an indirect expense that is not included in the above fee table and is not reflected in the expense example. The total indirect cost of investing in swaps, including the embedded cost of the swap and the operating expenses of the referenced assets, is estimated to be 0.196% for the fiscal period ending June 30, 2024.

 

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Example

 

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then hold or redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a five percent (5%) return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

Name of Fund 1 Year 3 Years
T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF $107 $334

 

Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. As of the date of this Prospectus, the Fund has not yet commenced operations and therefore does not have any portfolio turnover information available.

 

Principal Investment Strategies

 

The Fund, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% inverse (opposite) daily exposure to NVDA equal to at least 80% of the Fund’s net assets (plus borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in NVDA that is equal, on a daily basis, to -200% of the value of the Fund’s net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain short NVDA exposure for the Fund equal to -200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which NVDA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure in the industry to which NVDA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

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The Fund will attempt to achieve its investment objective without regard to overall market movement or the increase or decrease of the value of NVDA. At the close of the markets each trading day, the Adviser rebalances the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to NVDA is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. The impact of NVDA’s price movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be rebalanced. For example, if the price of NVDA has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the price of NVDA has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This daily rebalancing typically results in high portfolio turnover. On a day-to-day basis, the Fund is expected to hold money market funds, deposit accounts with institutions with high quality (investment grade) credit ratings, and/or short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality (investment grade) credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements.

 

The terms “daily,” “day,” and “trading day,” refer to the period from the close of the markets on one trading day to the close of the markets on the next trading day. The Fund is “non-diversified,” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Additionally, the Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Fund’s Board of Trustees without shareholder approval.

 

NVIDIA, Corp. designs, develops, and markets three-dimensional (3D) graphics processors and related software. NVIDIA offers products that provide interactive 3D graphics to the mainstream personal computer market. NVIDIA pioneered accelerated computing to help solve the most challenging computational problems. The company’s graphics processing units (GPUs) were initially used to simulate human imagination, enabling the virtual worlds of video games and films. NVIDIA has leveraged its GPU architecture to create platforms for scientific computing, artificial intelligence, data science, autonomous vehicles, robotics, metaverse, and 3D internet applications. NVIDIA’s GPU brands are GeForce for games, Quadro/NVIDIA RTX GPUs for enterprise workstation graphics, and virtual GPU, for cloud-based visual and virtual computing. The company generates about 30% of the total revenue from the US. NVDA is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Information provided to or filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by NVIDIA, Corp. pursuant to the Exchange Act can be located by reference to the Securities and Exchange Commission file number 0-23985 through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, information regarding NVIDIA, Corp. may be obtained from other sources including, but not limited to, press releases, newspaper articles and other publicly disseminated documents. As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

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The Fund has derived all disclosures contained in this document regarding NVIDIA, Corp. from the publicly available documents described above. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate has participated in the preparation of such documents. Neither the Fund, the Trust, the Adviser nor any affiliate makes any representation that such publicly available documents or any other publicly available information regarding NVIDIA, Corp. is accurate or complete. Furthermore, the Fund cannot give any assurance that all events occurring prior to the date of the prospectus (including events that would affect the accuracy or completeness of the publicly available documents described above) that would affect the trading price of NVDA have been publicly disclosed. Subsequent disclosure of any such events or the disclosure of, or failure to disclose, material future events concerning NVIDIA, Corp. could affect the value of the Fund’s investments with respect to NVDA and therefore the value of the Fund.

 

Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from -200% of the return of the underlying security over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the underlying security performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the underlying security’s volatility and the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the underlying security’s performance decreases over a period longer than a single day.

 

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Principal Risks

 

An investment in the Fund entails risk. The Fund may not achieve its inverse investment objective and there is a risk that you could lose all of your money invested in the Fund. The Fund is not a complete investment program. In addition, the Fund presents risks not traditionally associated with other mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review all of the risks listed below and understand them before making an investment in the Fund. The realization of certain of the risks described below that may result in adverse market movements may actually benefit the Fund due to its inverse investment objective.

 

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk. The Fund has a daily investment objective and the Fund’s performance for periods greater than a trading day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which is very likely to differ from -200% of NVDA’s performance, before fees and expenses. Compounding affects all investments, but has a more significant impact on funds that are inverse and that rebalance daily and becomes more pronounced as volatility and holding periods increase. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of NVDA during the shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

The chart below provides examples of how volatility and its return could affect the Fund’s performance. Fund performance for periods greater than one single day can be estimated given any set of assumptions for the following factors: a) volatility; b) performance; c) period of time; d) financing rates associated with inverse exposure; e) other Fund expenses; and f) dividends or interest paid with respect to securities of NVDA. The chart below illustrates the impact of two principal factors – volatility and performance – on Fund performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of volatility and performance over a one-year period. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect to the securities; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain inverse exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. Particularly during periods of higher volatility, compounding will cause results for periods longer than a trading day to vary from -200% of the performance of NVDA.

 

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During periods of higher NVDA volatility, the volatility of NVDA may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of NVDA. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of NVDA during a shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

As shown in the chart below, the Fund would be expected to lose 17.1% if NVDA provided no return over a one year period during which NVDA experienced annualized volatility of 25%. At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a significant loss of value in the Fund, even if NVDA’s return is flat. For instance, if NVDA’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose 95% of its value, even if the cumulative return for the year was 0%. Areas shaded red (or dark gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return less than -200% of the performance of NVDA and those shaded green (or light gray) represent those scenarios where the Fund can be expected to return more than -200% of the performance of NVDA. The table below is not a representation of the Fund’s actual returns, which may be significantly better or worse than the returns shown below as a result of any of the factors discussed above or in “Daily Inverse Correlation Risk” below. 

 

One 

Year 

-200%

One

Year

Volatility Rate
Return Return 10% 25% 50% 75% 100%
-60% 120% 506.5% 418.1% 195.2% 15.6% -68.9%
-50% 100% 288.2% 231.6% 88.9% -26.0% -80.1%
-40% 80% 169.6% 130.3% 31.2% -48.6% -86.2%
-30% 60% 98.1% 69.2% -3.6% -62.2% -89.8%
-20% 40% 51.6% 29.5% -26.2% -71.1% -92.2%
-10% 20% 19.8% 2.3% -41.7% -77.2% -93.9%
0% 0% -3.0% -17.1% -52.8% -81.5% -95.0%
10% -20% -19.8% -31.5% -61.0% -84.7% -95.9%
20% -40% -32.6% -42.4% -67.2% -87.2% -96.5%
30% -60% -42.6% -50.9% -72.0% -89.1% -97.1%
40% -80% -50.5% -57.7% -75.9% -90.6% -97.5%
50% -100% -56.9% -63.2% -79.0% -91.8% -97.8%
60% -120% -62.1% -67.6% -81.5% -92.8% -98.1%

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NVDA’s annualized historical daily volatility rate for the five year period ended December 31, 2022 was 51.89%. NVDA’s annualized daily volatility rates were as follows:

 

2018       49.18%

2019       40.61%

2020       57.82%

2021       44.98%

2022       63.21%

 

Volatility for a shorter period of time may have been substantially higher.

 

NVDA’s annualized performance for the five-year period ended December 31, 2022 was 24.72%. Historical volatility and performance are not indications of what NVDA volatility and performance will be in the future.

 

For information regarding the effects of volatility and performance on the long-term performance of the Fund, see “Additional Information Regarding Investment Techniques and Policies”, and “Leverage ” in the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.

 

Derivatives Risk. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive value from the underlying reference asset or assets, such as stocks, bonds, or funds (including ETFs), interest rates or indexes. Investing in derivatives may be considered aggressive and may expose the Fund to greater risks, and may result in larger losses or small gains, than investing directly in the reference assets underlying those derivatives, which may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective.

 

The Fund expects to use swap agreements to achieve its investment objective. The Fund’s investments in derivatives may pose risks in addition to, and greater than, those associated with directly investing in securities or other investments, including risk related to the market, leverage, imperfect correlations with underlying investments or the Fund’s other portfolio holdings, higher price volatility, lack of availability, counterparty, liquidity, valuation and legal restrictions. The performance of a derivative may not track the performance of its reference asset, including due to fees and other costs associated with it. Because derivatives often require only a limited initial investment, the use of derivatives may expose the Fund to losses in excess of the amount initially invested. As a result, the value of an investment in the Fund may change quickly and without warning. Additionally, any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Fund’s return. Such costs may increase as interest rates rise.

 

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Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a reference asset. Swap agreements are generally traded over-the-counter, and therefore, may not receive regulatory protection, which may expose investors to significant losses.

 

The Fund will be subject to regulatory constraints relating to the level of value at risk that the Fund may incur through its derivatives portfolio. To the extent the Fund exceeds these regulatory thresholds over an extended period, the Fund may determine that it is necessary to make adjustments to the Fund’s investment strategy and the Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Counterparty Risk. A counterparty may be unwilling or unable to make timely payments to meet its contractual obligations or may fail to return holdings that are subject to the agreement with the counterparty. If the counterparty or its affiliate becomes insolvent, bankrupt or defaults on its payment obligations to the Fund, the value of an investment held by the Fund may decline. Additionally, if any collateral posted by the counterparty for the benefit of the Fund is insufficient or there are delays in the Fund’s ability to access such collateral, the Fund may not be able to achieve its inverse investment objective.

 

In addition, the Fund may enter into swap agreements with a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Fund and, as a result, the Fund may not be able to achieve its inverse investment objective or may decide to change its inverse investment objective.

 

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Rebalancing Risk. If for any reason the Fund is unable to rebalance all or a part of its portfolio, or if all or a portion of the portfolio is rebalanced incorrectly, the Fund’s investment exposure may not be consistent with its investment objective. In these instances, the Fund may have investment exposure to NVDA that is significantly greater or significantly less than its stated multiple. The Fund may be more exposed to leverage risk than if it had been properly rebalanced and may not achieve its investment objective, leading to significantly greater losses or reduced gains.

 

Shorting Risk. A short position is a financial transaction in which an investor sells an asset that the investor does not own. In such a transaction, an investor’s short position appreciates when a reference asset falls in value. By contrast, the short position loses value when the reference asset’s value increases. Because historically most assets have risen in value over the long term, short positions are expected to depreciate in value. Accordingly, short positions may be riskier and more speculative than traditional investments. In addition, any income, dividends or payments by reference assets in which the Fund has a short position will impose expenses on the Fund that reduce returns.

 

The Fund will obtain short exposure through the use of  swap agreements. To the extent that the Fund obtains short exposure from derivatives, the Fund may be exposed to heightened volatility or limited liquidity related to the reference asset of the underlying short position, which will adversely impact the Fund’s ability to meet its investment objective or adversely impact its performance. If the Fund were to experience this volatility or decreased liquidity, the Fund may be required to obtain short exposure through alternative investment strategies that may be less desirable or more costly to implement. If the reference asset underlying the short position is thinly traded or has a limited market, there may be a lack of available securities or counterparties for the Fund to enter into a short position or obtain short exposure from a derivative.

 

Cash Transaction Risk. Unlike most ETFs, the Fund currently intends to effect creations and redemptions principally for cash, rather than principally for in-kind securities, because of the nature of the financial instruments held by the Fund. As a result, the Fund is not expected to be tax efficient and will incur brokerage costs related to buying and selling securities to achieve its investment objective thus incurring additional expenses than other funds that primarily effect creations and redemptions in kind. To the extent that such costs are not offset by transaction fees paid by an authorized participant, the Fund may bear such costs, which will decrease the Fund’s net asset value.

 

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Intra-Day Investment Risk. The Fund seeks investment results from the close of the market on a given trading day until the close of the market on the subsequent trading day. The exact exposure of an investment in the Fund intraday in the secondary market is a function of the difference between the value of NVDA at the market close on the first trading day and the value of NVDA at the time of purchase. If NVDA loses value, the Fund’s net assets will rise by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Conversely, if NVDA rises, the Fund’s net assets will decline by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Thus, an investor that purchases shares intra-day may experience performance that is greater than, or less than, the Fund’s stated multiple of NVDA.

 

If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or NVDA experiences a significant change in value, the Fund may not meet its investment objective, may not be able to rebalance its portfolio appropriately, or may experience significant premiums or discounts, or widened bid-ask spreads. Additionally, the Fund may close prior to the close of trading on the Exchange and experience significant losses.

 

Daily Inverse Correlation Risk. There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of inverse correlation to NVDA and therefore achieve its daily inverse investment objective. The Fund’s exposure to NVDA is impacted by NVDA’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Fund will be perfectly exposed to NVDA at the end of each day. The possibility of the Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to NVDA increases on days when NVDA is volatile near the close of the trading day. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions and high volatility will also adversely affect the Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels.

 

The Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily inverse investment objective for many reasons, including fees, expenses, transaction costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, accounting standards and their application to income items, disruptions, illiquid or high volatility in the markets for the securities or financial instruments in which the Fund invests, early and unanticipated closings of the markets on which the holdings of the Fund trade, resulting in the inability of the Fund to execute intended portfolio transactions, regulatory and tax considerations, which may cause the Fund to hold (or not to hold) NVDA. The Fund may take or refrain from taking positions in order to improve tax efficiency, comply with regulatory restrictions, or for other reasons, each of which may negatively affect the Fund’s desired inverse correlation with NVDA. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to NVDA. Additionally, the Fund’s underlying investments and/or reference assets may trade on markets that may not be open on the same day as the Fund, which may cause a difference between the changes in the daily performance of the Fund and changes in the performance of NVDA. Any of these factors could decrease the inverse correlation between the performance of the Fund and NVDA and may hinder the Fund’s ability to meet its daily inverse investment objective on or around that day.

 

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Market RiskThe Fund’s investments are subject to changes in general economic conditions, general market fluctuations and the risks inherent in investment in securities markets. Investment markets can be volatile and prices of investments can change substantially due to various factors including, but not limited to, economic growth or recession, changes in interest rates, changes in the actual or perceived creditworthiness of issuers, general market liquidity, exchange trading suspensions and closures, and public health risks. The Fund is subject to the risk that geopolitical events will disrupt markets and adversely affect global economies, markets, and exchanges. Local, regional or global events such as war, acts of terrorism, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health issues, conflicts and social unrest or other events could have a significant impact on the Fund, its investments, and the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

 

Indirect Investment Risk. NVIDIA, Corp. is not affiliated with the Trust, the Adviser or any affiliates thereof and is not involved with this offering in any way, and has no obligation to consider the Fund in taking any corporate actions that might affect the value of the Fund. The Trust, the Fund and any affiliate are not responsible for the performance of NVIDIA, Corp. and make no representation as to the performance of NVDA. Investing in the Fund is not equivalent to investing in NVDA. Fund shareholders will not have voting rights or rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to NVDA.

 

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NVIDIA, Corp. Investing RiskIssuer-specific attributes may cause an investment held by the Fund to be more volatile than the market generally. The value of an individual security or particular type of security may be more volatile than the market as a whole and may perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. As of the date of this prospectus, in addition to the risks associated generally with operating companies and companies in the semiconductor industry, NVIDIA faces risks specifically related to its operations that could cause the company to lose market share and revenue, adversely impacting its financial results and its stock price. These risks include, among others, failure to meet the evolving needs of its industry and market; competition in its current and target markets; failure to estimate customer demand; dependency on third-party suppliers; defects in its products; adverse economic, political, business and other changes in international regions in which the company operates; product, system security, and data breaches and cyber-attacks; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic; adverse changes in laws, rules and regulations; increased scrutiny from shareholders, regulators and others regarding the company’s environmental, social and governance responsibilities; issues relating to the responsible use of the company’s technologies, including artificial intelligence; issues relating to the protection of the company’s intellectual property rights; the risks of litigation, investigation and regulatory proceedings; and the company’s level of indebtedness.

 

Cryptocurrency Risk. The Fund may have exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin as a result of NVIDIA’s reliance on sales of its products to cryptocurrency miners. Miners generate revenue from both newly created Bitcoin (known as the “block reward”) and from fees taken upon verification of transactions. If the aggregate revenue from transaction fees and the block reward is below a miner’s cost, the miner may cease operations. An acute cessation of mining operations would reduce the collective processing power on the blockchain. A large-scale cessation, either due to policy intervention or other reasons, may also cause higher volatility in Bitcoin price, lower process power of the bitcoin network, and higher transaction costs.

 

A cryptocurrency operates without central authority or banks and is not backed by any government. Cryptocurrencies are often referred to as a “virtual currency” or “digital currency,” and operate as a decentralized, peerto-peer financial exchange and value storage that is used like money. A cryptocurrency is also not a legal tender. Federal, state or foreign governments may restrict the use and exchange of a cryptocurrency, and regulation in the U.S. is still developing. Cryptocurrency exchanges may stop operating or permanently shut down due to fraud, technical glitches, hackers or malware. The Fund’s indirect exposure to cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin may be affected by the high volatility associated with such cryptocurrency exposure. Future regulatory actions or policies may limit the ability to sell, exchange or use cryptocurrencies, thereby impairing their prices.

 

Industry Concentration Risk. The Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which NVIDIA, Corp. is assigned (i.e., hold more than 25% of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure to the industry to which NVIDIA, Corp. is assigned). A portfolio concentrated in a particular industry may present more risks than a portfolio broadly diversified over several industries. As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

Semiconductor Company Risk. Competitive pressures may have a significant effect on the financial condition of semiconductor companies and, as product cycles shorten and manufacturing capacity increases, these companies may become increasingly subject to aggressive pricing, which hampers profitability. Reduced demand for end-user products, under-utilization of manufacturing capacity, and other factors could adversely impact the operating results of companies in the semiconductor sector. Semiconductor companies typically face high capital costs and may be heavily dependent on intellectual property rights. The semiconductor sector is highly cyclical, which may cause the operating results of many semiconductor companies to vary significantly. The stock prices of companies in the semiconductor sector have been and likely will continue to be extremely volatile.

 

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Technology Sector Risk. Market or economic factors impacting technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technological advances could have a major effect on the value of the Fund’s investments. The value of stocks of technology companies and companies that rely heavily on technology is particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in technology product cycles, rapid product obsolescence, government regulation and competition, both domestically and internationally, including competition from foreign competitors with lower production costs. Technology companies are heavily dependent on patent and intellectual property rights, the loss or impairment of which may adversely affect profitability. Additionally, companies in the technology sector may face dramatic and often unpredictable changes in growth rates and competition for the services of qualified personnel.

 

Fixed Income Securities Risk. When the Fund invests in fixed income securities, the value of your investment in the Fund will fluctuate with changes in interest rates. Typically, a rise in interest rates causes a decline in the value of fixed income securities owned by the Fund. In general, the market price of fixed income securities with longer maturities will increase or decrease more in response to changes in interest rates than shorter-term securities. Other risk factors include credit risk (the debtor may default), extension risk (an issuer may exercise its right to repay principal on a fixed rate obligation held by the Fund later than expected), and prepayment risk (the debtor may pay its obligation early, reducing the amount of interest payments). These risks could affect the value of a particular investment by the Fund, possibly causing the Fund’s share price and total return to be reduced and fluctuate more than other types of investments.

 

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Money Market Instrument Risk. The Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements. Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. Money market instruments may lose money.

 

Large-Capitalization Company Risk. Large-capitalization companies typically have significant financial resources, extensive product lines and broad markets for their goods and/or services. However, they may be less able to adapt to changing market conditions or to respond quickly to competitive challenges or to changes in business, product, financial, or market conditions and may not be able to maintain growth at rates that may be achieved by well-managed smaller and mid-size companies, which may affect the companies’ returns.

 

Liquidity Risk. Holdings of the Fund may be difficult to buy or sell or may be illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities may be difficult to value, especially in changing or volatile markets. If the Fund is forced to buy or sell an illiquid security or derivative instrument at an unfavorable time or price, the Fund may be adversely impacted. Certain market conditions or restrictions may prevent the Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with NVDA. There is no assurance that a security or derivative instrument that is deemed liquid when purchased will continue to be liquid. Market illiquidity may cause losses for the Fund. To the extent that NVDA’s value increases or decreases significantly, the Fund may be one of many market participants that are attempting to transact in NVDA. Under such circumstances, the market for securities of NVDA may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have more difficulty transacting in NVDA or financial instruments and the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate the price changes of NVDA and may impact the ability of the Fund to achieve its investment objective.

 

In certain cases, the market for certain securities in NVDA and/or Fund may lack sufficient liquidity for all market participants’ trades. Therefore, the Fund may have difficulty transacting in it and/or in correlated investments, such as swap contracts. Further, the Fund’s transactions could exacerbate illiquidity and volatility in the price of NVDA and correlated derivative instruments.

 

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Early Close/Trading Halt RiskAn exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities or financial instruments, including the shares of the Fund. Under such circumstances, the ability to buy or sell certain portfolio securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell investments for its portfolio, may disrupt the Fund’s creation/redemption process and may temporarily prevent investors from buying and selling shares of the Fund. In addition, the Fund may be unable to accurately price its investments, may fail to achieve performance that is correlated with NVDA and may incur substantial losses. If there is a significant intra-day market event and/or the securities of NVDA experience a significant increase or decrease, the Fund may not meet its investment objective or rebalance its portfolio appropriately. Additionally, the Fund may close to purchases and sales of Shares prior to the close of regular trading on Cboe BZX and incur significant losses.

 

Equity Securities RiskPublicly issued equity securities, including common stocks, are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests, and/or has exposure to, will cause the net asset value of the Fund to fluctuate.

 

Tax Risk. In order to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a regulated investment company (“RIC”) and its shareholders, the Fund must derive at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year from “qualifying income,” meet certain asset diversification tests at the end of each taxable quarter, and meet annual distribution requirements. The Fund’s pursuit of its investment strategy will potentially be limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify for such treatment and could adversely affect the Fund’s ability to so qualify. The Fund may make certain investments, the treatment of which for these purposes is unclear. If, in any year, the Fund were to fail to qualify for the special tax treatment accorded a RIC and its shareholders, and were ineligible to or were not to cure such failure, the Fund would be taxed in the same manner as an ordinary corporation subject to U.S. federal income tax on all its income at the fund level. The resulting taxes could substantially reduce the Fund’s net assets and the amount of income available for distribution. In addition, in order to requalify for taxation as a RIC, the Fund could be required to recognize unrealized gains, pay substantial taxes and interest, and make certain distributions. Please see the section entitled “Taxes” in the Statement of Additional Information for more information.

 

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Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is classified as “non-diversified” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. This means it has the ability to invest a relatively high percentage of its assets in the securities of a small number of issuers or in financial instruments with a single counterparty or a few counterparties. This may increase the Fund’s volatility and increase the risk that the Fund’s performance will decline based on the performance of a single issuer or the credit of a single counterparty and make the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence than a diversified fund.

 

ETF Risks. The Fund is an exchange-traded fund, and, as a result of an ETF’s structure, it is exposed to the following risks:

 

Authorized Participants, Market Makers, and Liquidity Providers Limitation Risk. The Fund has a limited number of financial institutions that may act as Authorized Participants (“APs”). In addition, there may be a limited number of market makers and/or liquidity providers in the marketplace. To the extent either of the following events occur, Shares may trade at a material discount to NAV and possibly face delisting: (i) APs exit the business or otherwise become unable to process creation and/or redemption orders and no other APs step forward to perform these services, or (ii) market makers and/or liquidity providers exit the business or significantly reduce their business activities and no other entities step forward to perform their functions.

 

Cash Redemption Risk. The Fund intends to redeem Shares for cash rather than in-kind. The Fund may be required to sell or unwind portfolio investments to obtain the cash needed to distribute redemption proceeds. This may cause the Fund to incur certain costs such as brokerage costs, and to recognize capital gains that it might not have recognized if it had made a redemption in-kind. As a result, the Fund may pay out higher annual capital gain distributions than if the in-kind redemption process was used.

 

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Costs of Buying or Selling Shares. Due to the costs of buying or selling Shares, including brokerage commissions imposed by brokers and bid/ask spreads, frequent trading of Shares may significantly reduce investment results and an investment in Shares may not be advisable for investors who anticipate regularly making small investments.

 

Shares May Trade at Prices Other Than NAV. As with all ETFs, Shares may be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. Although it is expected that the market price of Shares will approximate the Fund’s NAV, there may be times when the market price of Shares is more than the NAV intra-day (premium) or less than the NAV intra-day (discount) due to supply and demand of Shares or during periods of market volatility. This risk is heightened in times of market volatility and volatility in the Fund’s portfolio holdings, periods of steep market declines, and periods when there is limited trading activity for Shares in the secondary market, in which case such premiums or discounts may be significant. If an investor purchases Shares at a time when the market price is at a premium to the NAV of the Shares or sells at a time when the market price is at a discount to the NAV of the Shares, then the investor may sustain losses that are in addition to any losses caused by a decrease in NAV.

 

Trading. Although Shares are listed for trading on a national securities exchange, and may be traded on other U.S. exchanges, there can be no assurance that Shares will trade with any volume, or at all, on any stock exchange. In stressed market conditions, the liquidity of Shares may begin to mirror the liquidity of the Fund’s underlying portfolio holdings, which can be significantly less liquid than Fund Shares.

 

New Fund Risk. As of the date of this prospectus, the Fund has no operating history and currently has fewer assets than larger funds. Like other new funds, large inflows and outflows may impact the Fund’s market exposure for limited periods of time. This impact may be positive or negative, depending on the direction of market movement during the period affected.

 

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The Shares will change in value, and you could lose money by investing in the Fund. The Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Performance History

 

The Fund does not have a full calendar year of performance history. In the future, performance information will be presented in this section of the Prospectus. Performance information will contain a bar chart and table that provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing the Fund’s average annual returns for certain time periods as compared to a broad measure of market performance. Investors should be aware that past performance before and after taxes is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future.

 

Updated performance information for the Fund, including its current net asset value per share, is available by calling toll-free at (833) 759-6110.

 

Investment Adviser

 

Tuttle Capital Management, LLC (the “Adviser”) is the investment adviser to the Fund.

 

Portfolio Manager

 

Matthew Tuttle, Chief Executive Officer of the Adviser, has served as the Fund’s portfolio manager since its inception.

 

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

 

The Fund will issue (or redeem) shares to certain institutional investors (typically market makers or other broker-dealers) only in large blocks of at least 10,000 shares known as “Creation Units.” Creation Unit transactions are typically conducted in exchange for the deposit or delivery of in-kind securities and/or cash. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold on a national securities exchange through a broker-dealer. You can purchase and sell individual shares of the Fund throughout the trading day like any publicly traded security. The Fund’s shares are listed on the Exchange (i.e., Cboe BZX). The price of the Fund’s shares is based on market price, and because exchange-traded fund shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount). When buying or selling shares through a broker, most investors will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered prices in the secondary market for shares. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Fund’s shares are not redeemable securities. Recent information regarding the Fund, including its NAV, market price, premiums and discounts, and bid/ask spreads, is available on the Fund’s website at www.rexshares.com.

 

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Tax Information

 

The Fund’s distributions will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gain, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account in which case withdrawals will be taxed.

 

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

 

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (e.g., a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUNDS’ INVESTMENTS

 

T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF

 

T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% daily exposure to Tesla, Inc. (NASDAQ: TSLA) (“TSLA”) equal to at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in TSLA that is equal, on a daily basis, to 200% of the value of the Fund's net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain TSLA exposure for the Fund equal to 200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which TSLA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide leveraged exposure in the industry to which TSLA is assigned).

 

T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF

 

T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% inverse (opposite) daily exposure to TSLA equal to at least 80% of the Fund’s net assets (plus borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in TSLA that is equal, on a daily basis, to -200% of the value of the Fund's net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain short TSLA exposure for the Fund equal to -200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which TSLA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure in the industry to which TSLA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, TSLA is assigned to the motor vehicles and passenger car bodies industry.

 

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T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF

 

The T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% daily exposure to NVIDIA, Corp. (NASDAQ: NVDA) (”NVDA”) equal to at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in NVDA that is equal, on a daily basis, to 200% of the value of the Fund's net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain NVDA exposure for the Fund equal to 200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which NVDA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide leveraged exposure in the industry to which NVDA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF

 

The T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF, under normal circumstances, invests in swap agreements that provide 200% inverse (opposite) daily exposure to NVDA equal to at least 80% of the Fund’s net assets (plus borrowings for investment purposes).

 

The Fund will enter into one or more swap agreements with major global financial institutions whereby the Fund and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned on an investment by the Fund in NVDA that is equal, on a daily basis, to -200% of the value of the Fund's net assets. The Adviser attempts to consistently apply leverage to obtain short NVDA exposure for the Fund equal to -200% of the value of its net assets and expects to rebalance the Fund’s holdings daily to maintain such exposure. As a result of its investment strategies, the Fund will be concentrated in the industry to which NVDA is assigned (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in investments that provide inverse exposure in the industry to which NVDA is assigned). As of the date of this prospectus, NVDA is assigned to the semiconductors and related devices industry.

 

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The T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF, the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF, the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF (each a “Fund” collectively, the “Funds”) do not seek to achieve their stated investment objective for a period of time different than a trading day. The Funds’ investment objectives may be changed by the Board of Trustees (the “Board”) of ETF Opportunities Trust (the “Trust”) without shareholder approval upon sixty (60) days’ written notice to shareholders. Unless otherwise noted, all other policies of the Funds may be changed without shareholder approval. Each Fund reserves the right to substitute a different ETF, index or security for the underlying ETF.

 

The Funds are not suitable for all investors. The Funds are designed to be utilized only by sophisticated investors, such as traders and active investors employing dynamic strategies. Such investors are expected to monitor and manage their portfolios frequently. Investors in the Funds should: (a) understand the risks associated with the use of leverage; (b) understand the consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results; and (c) intend to actively monitor and manage their investments. Investors who do not understand the Funds or do not intend to actively manage their funds and monitor their investments should not buy the Funds.

 

There is no assurance that the Funds will achieve their investment objective and an investment in a Fund could lose money. No single Fund is a complete investment program.

 

ETFs are funds that trade like other publicly traded securities. Unlike shares of a mutual fund, which can be bought and redeemed from the issuing fund by all shareholders at a price based on NAV, shares of the Funds may be purchased or redeemed directly from the Funds at NAV solely by Authorized Participants and only in aggregations of a specified number of shares Creation Units. Also, unlike shares of a mutual fund, shares of the Funds are listed on a national securities exchange and trade in the secondary market at market prices that change throughout the day.

 

Each Fund will enter into swap agreements with respect to its underlying security with major global financial institutions for a specified period ranging from one day to more than one year whereby the Funds and the global financial institution will agree to exchange the return earned or realized on the underlying security (or the inverse of such return). The gross returns to be exchanged or “swapped” between the parties is calculated with respect to a “notional amount,” e.g., the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount representing the underlying security.

 

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Each trading day the Adviser adjusts the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF’s exposure to its underlying security such that the notional exposure of all swaps equals 200% of the ETF’s aggregate net asset value. The impact of market movements during the day determines whether the total notional swap exposure needs to be increased or decreased. If the price of the underlying security has risen on a given day, the value of the Fund’s net assets should rise, meaning its total notional swap exposure will typically need to be increased. Conversely, if the price of the underlying security has fallen on a given day, the value of the Fund’s net assets should fall, meaning its total notional swap exposure will typically need to be reduced.

 

Each trading day the Adviser adjusts the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Target Daily ETF’s exposure to its underlying security such that the notional exposure of all swaps equals -200% of the ETF’s aggregate net asset value. The impact of market movements during the day determines whether the total notional swap exposure needs to be increased or decreased. If the price of the underlying security has fallen on a given day, the value of the Fund’s net assets should rise, meaning its total notional swap exposure will typically need to be increased. Conversely, if the price of the underlying security has risen on a given day, the value of the Fund’s net assets should fall, meaning its total notional swap exposure will typically need to be reduced.

 

The time and manner in which each Fund rebalances its portfolio may vary from day to day at the sole discretion of the Adviser depending upon market conditions and other circumstances. Generally, at or near the close of the market at each trading day, each Fund will position its portfolio to ensure that the Fund’s exposure to its underlying security is consistent with its stated investment objective. Each Fund reviews its notional exposure under each of its swap agreements, which reflects the extent of the Fund’s total investment exposure under the swap, to ensure that the Fund’s exposure is in-line with its stated investment objective. The gross returns to be exchanged are calculated with respect to the notional amount and the underlying security’s returns to which the swap is linked. Swaps are typically closed out on a net basis. Thus, while the notional amount reflects a Fund’s total investment exposure under the swap, the net amount is the Fund’s current obligations (or rights) under the swap. That is the amount to be paid or received under the agreement based on the relative values of the positions held by each party to the agreement. If for any reason a Fund is unable to rebalance all or a portion of its portfolio, or if all or a portion of the portfolio is rebalanced incorrectly, a Fund’s investment exposure may not be consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. As a result, a Fund may be more or less exposed to leverage risk than if it had been properly rebalanced and may not achieve its investment objective. To the extent that a Fund needs to “roll” its swap positions (i.e., enter into new swap positions with a later expiration date as the current positions approach expiration), it could be subjected to increased costs, which could negatively impact the Fund’s performance.

 

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Additionally, the Funds may invest between 40-80% of each Fund’s portfolio depending on the amount of collateral required by the Fund’s counterparties in (1) U.S. Government securities, such as bills, notes and bonds issued by the U.S. Treasury; (2) money market funds; (3) short term bond ETFs and/or (4) corporate debt securities, such as commercial paper and other short-term unsecured promissory notes issued by businesses that are rated investment grade or of comparable quality.

 

THE T-REX 2X LONG TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF, T-REX 2X INVERSE TESLA DAILY TARGET ETF, T-REX 2X LONG NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF, T-REX 2X LONG NVIDIA DAILY TARGET ETF, ETF Opportunities Trust, AND Tuttle Capital management, LLC ARE NOT AFFILIATED WITH TESLA, INC., NVIDIA, CORP. OR REX ADVISERS, LLC.

 

Swap Agreements

 

The T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF will enter into swap agreements to pursue its investment objective of delivering daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the daily performance of its underlying security. The T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF will enter into swap agreements to pursue their investment objective of delivering daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of -200% of the daily performance of the underlying security. The swap agreements may include as a reference asset investment vehicles that seek exposure to the underlying security.

 

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Swap agreements are contracts entered into primarily with major financial institutions for a specified period ranging from a day to more than one year. In a standard “swap” transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or “swapped” between the parties is calculated with respect to a “notional amount,” e.g., the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount representing the underlying security. Each Fund may use a combination of swaps on the underlying security and swaps on various investment vehicles that are designed to track the performance of the underlying security. The underlying investment vehicle may not track the performance of the underlying security due to embedded costs and other factors, which may increase a Fund’s correlation risk and impact the Fund’s ability to correlate with the underlying security.

 

With respect to the use of swap agreements, if the underlying security has a dramatic move in price that causes a material decline in the Fund’s NAV over certain stated periods agreed to by the Fund and the counterparty, the terms of a swap agreement between a Fund and its counterparty may permit the counterparty to immediately close out all swap transactions with the Fund. In that event, a Fund may be unable to enter into another swap agreement or invest in other derivatives to achieve the desired exposure consistent with its investment objective. This, in turn, may prevent a Fund from achieving its investment objective, even if the underlying security reverses all or a portion of its price movement. Any costs associated with using swap agreements may also have the effect of lowering a Fund’s return.

 

Each Fund may also invest in U.S. Government Securities, money market funds and corporate debt securities such as commercial paper or other short-term unsecured promissory notes issued by businesses that are rated investment grade or of comparable quality. Each Fund may also invest in short-term bond ETFs.

 

U.S. government securities include U.S. Treasury obligations and securities issued or guaranteed by various agencies of the U.S. government, or by various instrumentalities that have been established or sponsored by the U.S. government. U.S. Treasury obligations are backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. government. Securities issued or guaranteed by federal agencies and U.S. government sponsored instrumentalities may or may not be backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.

 

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Non-Principal Investments

 

Cash Equivalents and Short-Term Investments

 

Each Fund may invest in securities with maturities of less than one year or cash equivalents, or they may hold cash. The percentage of each Fund invested in such holdings varies and depends on several factors, including market conditions. For more information on eligible short-term investments, see the SAI.

 

Additional Information Regarding Investment Techniques and Policies

 

The Effects of Fees and Expenses on the Return of a Fund for a Single Trading Day. To create the necessary exposure, each Fund uses leveraged investment techniques, which necessarily incur brokerage and financing charges. In light of these charges and a Fund’s operating expenses, the expected return of a Fund over one trading day is equal to the gross expected return, which is the daily return of the underlying security multiplied by a Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective, minus (i) financing charges incurred by the portfolio and (ii) daily operating expenses. For instance, if the underlying security returned 2% on a given day, the gross expected return of the Fund would be 4%, but the net expected return, which factors in the cost of financing the portfolio and the impact of operating expenses, would be lower. Each Fund will reposition its portfolio at the end of every trading day. Therefore, if an investor purchases the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF shares or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF shares at close of the markets on a given trading day, the investor’s exposure to the underlying security would reflect 200% of the performance of the underlying security during the following trading day, subject to the charges and expenses noted above.

 

To create the necessary exposure, the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF will enter into total return swaps that pay each Fund -200% of the return on the underlying security The Fund will reposition its portfolio at the end of every trading day. Therefore, if an investor purchases Fund shares at close of markets on a given day, the investor’s exposure to the underlying security would reflect 200% of the inverse performance of the underlying security during the following trading day.

 

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A Cautionary Note to Investors Regarding Dramatic Price Movement in the Underlying Security. Each Fund could lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of a movement of the underlying security in excess of 50% in a direction adverse to the Fund (meaning a decline in excess of 50% of the value of the underlying security for T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF or an increase in excess of 50% of the value of the underlying security for T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target). The risk of total loss exists.

 

If the underlying security has a dramatic adverse move that causes a material decline in the Fund’s net assets, the terms of a Fund’s swap agreements may permit the counterparty to immediately close out all swap transactions with the Fund. In that event, a Fund may be unable to enter into another swap agreement or invest in other derivatives to achieve exposure consistent with a Fund’s investment objective. This may prevent a Fund from achieving its leveraged investment objective, even if the underlying security later reverses all or a portion the move, and result in significant losses.

 

Examples of the Impact of Daily Leverage and Compounding. Because each Fund’s exposure to the underlying security is repositioned on a daily basis, for a holding period longer than one day, the pursuit of a daily investment objective will result in daily leveraged compounding for each Fund. This means that the return of the underlying security over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by a Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%) generally will not equal the Fund’s performance over that same period. As a consequence, investors should not plan to hold a Fund unmonitored for periods longer than a single trading day. This deviation increases with higher volatility in the underlying security and longer holding periods. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of a Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective and the performance of the underlying security for the full trading day. The actual exposure will largely be a function of the performance of the underlying security from the end of the prior trading day.

 

Consider the following examples:

While these examples are designed to show the effect on the Fund of leverage, volatility and performance with respect to the underlying security, these examples apply to the underlying security.

 

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Mary is considering investments in two Funds, Funds A and B. Fund A is an ETF which seeks (before fees and expenses) to match the performance of the underlying security. Fund B is a leveraged ETF and seeks daily leveraged investment results (before fees and expenses) that correspond to 200% of the daily performance of the underlying security.

 

An investment in Fund A would be expected to gain 5% on Day 1 and lose 4.76% on Day 2, returning the investment to its original value. The following example assumes a $100 investment in Fund A when the underlying security is also valued at $100:

 

Day The Underlying
Security Value
The Underlying
Security Performance
Value of Fund A
Investment
  $100.00   $100.00
1 $105.00 5.00% $105.00
2 $100.00 -4.76% $100.00

 

The same $100 investment in Fund B would be expected to gain 10% on Day 1 (200% of 5%) but decline 9.52% on Day 2.

 

Day The Underlying
Security Performance
200% of the Underlying
Security Performance
Value of Fund B
Investment
      $100.00
1 5.00% 10.0% $110.00
2 -4.76% -9.52% $99.52

 

Although the percentage decline in Fund B is smaller on Day 2 than the percentage gain on Day 1, the loss is applied to a higher principal amount, so the investment in Fund B experiences a loss even when the aggregate value of the underlying security for the two-day period has not declined. (These calculations do not include the charges for fund fees and expenses).

 

As you can see, an investment in Fund B has additional risks due to the effects of leverage and compounding.

 

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An investor who purchases shares of the Fund intra-day will generally receive more, or less, than 200% exposure to the underlying security from that point until the end of the trading day. The actual exposure will be largely a function of the performance of the underlying security from the end of the prior trading day. If the Fund’s shares are held for a period longer than a single trading day, the Fund’s performance is likely to deviate from 200% or -200% of the return of the underlying security’s performance for the longer period. This deviation will increase with higher volatility of the underlying security and longer holding periods.

 

Examples of the Impact of Volatility. The Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure in response to that day’s gains or reducing exposure in response to that day’s losses. Daily rebalancing will typically cause the Fund to lose money if the underlying security experience volatility. A volatility rate is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the underlying security’s returns over a defined period. For periods longer than a trading day, volatility in the performance of the underlying security from day to day is the primary cause of any disparity between the Fund’s actual returns and the returns of the underlying security for such period. Volatility causes such disparity because it exacerbates the effects of compounding on the Fund’s returns. In addition, the effects of volatility are magnified in the Fund due to leverage. Consider the following three examples that demonstrate the effect of volatility on a hypothetical fund:

 

Example 1 – The Underlying Security Experiences Low Volatility

 

Mary invests $10.00 in the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF at the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the underlying security rises from 100 to 102, a 2% gain. Mary’s investment rises 4% to $10.40. Mary holds her investment through the close of trading on Day 3, during which the underlying security rises from 102 to 104, a gain of 1.96%. Mary’s investment rises to $10.81, a gain during Day 3 of 3.92%. For the two-day period since Mary invested in the Fund, the underlying security gained 4% although Mary’s investment increased by 8.1%. Because the underlying security continued to trend upwards with low volatility, Mary’s return closely correlates to the 200% return of the return of the underlying security for the period.

 

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John invests $10.00 in the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF at the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the underlying security gains 2%, and John’s investment falls by 4% to $9.60. On Day 3, the underlying security rises by 1.96%, and John’s investment falls by 3.92% to $9.22. For the two-day period the underlying security returned 4% while John’s investment lost 7.8%. John’s return still correlates to -200% return of the underlying security, but not as closely as Mary’s investment in the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF.

 

Example 2 – The Underlying Security Experiences High Volatility

 

Mary invests $10.00 in the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF after the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the underlying security rises from 100 to 102, a 2% gain, and Mary’s investment rises 4% to $10.40. Mary continues to hold her investment through the end of Day 3, during which the underlying security declines from 102 to 98, a loss of 3.92%. Mary’s investment declines by 7.84%, from $10.40 to $9.58. For the two-day period since Mary invested in the Fund, the underlying security lost 2% while Mary’s investment decreased from $10 to $9.58, a 4.2% loss. The volatility of the underlying security affected the correlation between the underlying security’s return for the two-day period and Mary’s return. In this situation, Mary lost more than two times the return of the underlying security.

 

Conversely, John invests $10.00 in the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF after the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the underlying security rises from 100 to 102, a 2% gain, and John’s investment falls 4% to $9.60. John continues to hold his investment through the end of Day 3, during which the underlying security declines from 102 to 98, a loss of 3.92%. John’s investment rises by 7.84%, from $9.60 to $10.35. For the two-day period since John invested in the Fund, the underlying security lost 2% while John’s investment increased from $10 to $10.35, a 3.5% gain. The volatility of the underlying security affected the correlation between the underlying security’s return for the two-day period and John’s return. In this situation, John gained less than two times the return of the underlying security.

 

Example 3 – Intra-day Investment with Volatility

 

The examples above assumed that Mary purchased the Fund at the close of trading on Day 1 and sold her investment at the close of trading on a subsequent day. However, if she made an investment intra-day, she would have received a beta determined by the performance of the underlying security from the end of the prior trading day until her time of purchase on the next trading day. Consider the following example.

 

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Mary invests $10.00 in the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF at 11 a.m. on Day 2. From the close of trading on Day 1 until 11 a.m. on Day 2, the underlying security moved from 100 to 102, a 2% gain. In light of that gain, the Fund beta at the point at which Mary invests is 196%. During the remainder of Day 2, the underlying security rises from 102 to 110, a gain of 7.84%, and Mary’s investment rises 15.4% (which is the underlying security’s gain of 7.84% multiplied by the 196% beta that she received) to $11.54. Mary continues to hold her investment through the close of trading on Day 3, during which the underlying security declines from 110 to 90, a loss of 18.18%. Mary’s investment declines by 36.4%, from $11.54 to $7.34. For the period of Mary’s investment, the underlying security declined from 102 to 90, a loss of 11.76%, while Mary’s investment decreased from $10.00 to $7.34, a 27% loss. The volatility of the underlying security affected the correlation between the underlying security’s return for period and Mary’s return. In this situation, Mary lost more than two times the return of the underlying security. Mary was also hurt because she missed the first 2% move of the underlying security and had a beta of 196% for the remainder of Day 2.

 

Market Volatility. Each Fund seeks to provide a return which is a multiple of the daily performance of the underlying security. Neither Fund attempts to, and should not be expected to, provide returns which are a multiple of the return of the underlying security for periods other than a single day. Each Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure in response to that day’s gains or reducing exposure in response to that day’s losses.

 

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Daily rebalancing will impair a Fund’s performance if the underlying security experiences volatility. For instance, the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF would be expected to lose 4% (as shown in Table 1 below) if the underlying security provide no return over a one-year period and experienced annualized volatility of 20%. The T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF would be expected to lose 12% (as shown in Table 1 below) if the underlying security provides no return over a one-year period and had annualized volatility of 20%. If the underlying security’s annualized volatility were to rise to 40%, the hypothetical loss for a one-year period for the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF widens to approximately 15% while the loss for the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF rises to 45%.

 

Table 1

 

Volatility Range T-Rex 2X Long Tesla
Daily Target ETF and
the T-Rex 2X Long
NVIDIA Daily Target
ETF Losses
T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla
Daily Target ETF and
the T-Rex 2X Long
NVIDIA Daily Target
ETF Losses
10% -1% -3%
20% -4% -12%
30% -9% -26%
40% -15% -45%
50% -23% -65%
60% -33% -92%
70% -47% -99%
80% -55% -99%
90% -76% -99%
100% -84% -99%

 

Note that at higher volatility levels, there is a chance of a complete loss of Fund assets even if the underlying security is flat. For instance, if annualized volatility of the underlying security was 90%, the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF based on the underlying security would be expected to lose 76% and the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF or the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF would be expected to lose 99% of its value, even if the underlying security returned 0% for the year.

 

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Table 2 shows the annualized historical volatility rate for the underlying security over the five-year period ended December 31, 2022. Since market volatility has negative implications for funds which rebalance daily, investors should be sure to monitor and manage their investments in the Funds particularly in volatile markets. The negative implications of volatility in Table 1 can be combined with the recent volatility in Table 2 to give investors some sense of the risks of holding a Fund for longer periods over the past five years. Historical volatility and performance are not likely indicative of future volatility and performance.

 

Table 2 – Historic Volatility of the Underlying Security

 

The Underlying Security 5-Year Historical Volatility Rate
TSLA 65.53%
NVDA 51.89%

 

The Projected Returns of Funds for Intra-Day Purchases. Because the Funds rebalance their portfolio once daily, an investor who purchases shares during a day will likely have more, or less, than 200% leveraged investment exposure to the underlying security. The exposure to the underlying security received by an investor who purchases a Fund intra-day will differ from the Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%) by an amount determined by the movement of the underlying security from their value at the end of the prior day. If the underlying security moves in a direction favorable to the Fund between the close of the market on one trading day through the time on the next trading day when the investor purchases the Fund shares, the investor will receive less exposure to the underlying security than the stated fund daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%). Conversely, if the underlying security moves in a direction adverse to the Fund, the investor will receive more exposure to the underlying security than the stated fund daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%).

 

Table 3 below indicates the exposure to the underlying security that an intra-day purchase of the T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF would be expected to provide based upon the movement in the value of the underlying security from the close of the market on the prior trading day. Such exposure holds until a subsequent sale on that same trading day or until the close of the market on that trading day. For instance, if the underlying security has moved 5% in a direction favorable to the Fund, the investor would receive exposure to the performance of the underlying security from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately 191% of the investor’s investment.

 

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Conversely, if the underlying security has moved 5% in a direction unfavorable to the Fund, an investor at that point would receive exposure to the performance of the underlying security from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately 211% of the investor’s investment.

 

The table includes a range of the underlying security moves from 20% to -20% for the Fund. Movement of the underlying security beyond the range noted below will result in exposure further from the Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective.

 

Table 3 – Intra-Day Leverage of T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and
the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF

 

The Underlying Security Resulting Exposure for
T-Rex 2X Long Tesla
Daily Target ETF and
the T-Rex 2X Long
NVIDIA Daily Target ETF
-20% 267%
-15% 243%
-10% 225%
-5% 211%
0% 200%
5% 191%
10% 183%
15% 177%
20% 171%

 

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Table 4 below indicates the exposure to the underlying security that an intra-day purchase of the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF would be expected to provide based upon the movement in the value of the underlying security from the close of the market on the prior trading day. Such exposure holds until a subsequent sale on that same trading day or until the close of the market on that trading day. For instance, if the underlying security has moved 5% in a direction favorable to the Fund, the investor would receive exposure to the performance of the underlying security from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately -173% of the investor’s investment. Conversely, if the underlying security has moved 5% in a direction unfavorable to the Fund’s, an investor would receive exposure to the performance of the underlying security from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately 233% of the investor’s investment.

 

The table includes a range of the underlying security moves from 20% to -20% for the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF. Movement of the underlying security beyond the range noted below will result in exposure further from the Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective.

 

Table 4 – Intra-Day Leverage of T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and
the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF

 

The Underlying Security Resulting Exposure for
T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla
Daily Target ETF and the
T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA
Daily Target ETF
-20% -114%
-15% -131%
-10% -150%
-5% -173%
0% -200%
5% -233%
10% -275%
15% -329%
20% -400%

 

99

 

 

The Projected Returns of the Fund for Periods Other Than a Single Trading Day. The Funds seek leveraged investment results on a daily basis — from the close of regular trading on one trading day to the close on the next trading day — which should not be equated with seeking a leveraged investment objective for any other period. For instance, if the underlying security gains 10% for a week, a Fund should not be expected to provide a return of 20% for the week even if it meets its daily leveraged investment objective throughout the week. This is true because of the financing charges noted above but also because the pursuit of daily goals may result in daily leveraged compounding, which means that the return of the underlying security over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by the Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective or inverse daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% of -200%) will not generally equal a Fund’s performance over that same period. In addition, the effects of compounding become greater the longer Shares are held beyond a single trading day.

 

The following tables set out a range of hypothetical daily performances during a given 10 trading days of a hypothetical the underlying security and demonstrate how changes in the hypothetical underlying security impacts the hypothetical Funds’ performance for a trading day and cumulatively up to, and including, the entire 10 trading day period. The charts are based on a hypothetical $100 investment in the hypothetical Fund over a 10-trading day period and do not reflect fees or expenses of any kind.

 

100

 

 

Table 5 – The Underlying Security Lacks a Clear Trend

 

The Underlying Security T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF
and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA
Daily Target ETF
T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target
ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA
Daily Target ETF
  Value Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance NAV Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance NAV Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance
  100     $100.00     $100.00    
Day 1 105 5.00% 5.00% $110.00 10.00% 10.00% $90.00 -10.00% 10.00%
Day 2 110 4.76% 10.00% $120.48 9.52% 20.47% $81.43 -9.52% 18.57%
Day 3 100 -9.09% 0.00% $ 98.57 -18.18% -1.43% $96.23 18.18% -3.67%
Day 4 90 -10.00% -10.00% $ 78.86 -20.00% -21.14% $115.48 20.00% 15.48%
Day 5 85 -5.56% -15.00% $ 70.10 -11.12% -29.91% $128.31 11.12% 28.33%
Day 6 100 17.65% 0.00% $ 94.83 35.30% -5.17% $ 83.03 -35.30% -16.97%
Day 7 95 -5.00% -5.00% $ 85.35 -10.00% -14.65% $ 91.33 -10.00% -8.67%
Day 8 100 5.26% 0.00% $ 94.34 10.52% -5.68% $ 81.71 -10.52% -18.28%
Day 9 105 5.00% 5.00% $103.77 10.00% 3.76% $73.54 -10.00% -26.45%
Day 10 100 -4.76% 0.00% $ 93.89 -9.52% -6.12% $ 80.55 9.52% -19.45%

 

101

 

 

The cumulative performance of the hypothetical the underlying security in Table 5 is 0% for 10 trading days. The return of the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF for the 10-trading day period is -6.12%, while the return of the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF is -19.45%. The volatility of the hypothetical the underlying security’s performance and lack of a clear trend results in performance for each hypothetical Fund for the period which bears little relationship to the performance of the hypothetical the underlying security for the 10-trading day period.

 

Table 6 – The Underlying Security Rises in a Clear Trend

 

The Underlying Security T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target
ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA
Daily Target ETF
T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target
ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse
NVIDIA Daily Target ETF
  Value Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance NAV Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance NAV Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance
  100     $100.00     $100.00    
Day 1 102 2.00% 2.00% $104.00 4.00% 4.00% $96.00 -4.00% -4.00%
Day 2 104 1.96% 4.00% $108.08 3.92% 8.08% $92.24 -3.92% -7.76%
Day 3 106 1.92% 6.00% $112.24 3.84% 12.23% $88.69 -3.84% -11.31%
Day 4 108 1.89% 8.00% $116.47 3.78% 16.47% $85.34 -3.78% -14.66%
Day 5 110 1.85% 10.00% $120.78 3.70% 20.78% $82.18 -3.70% -17.82%
Day 6 112 1.82% 12.00% $125.18 3.64% 25.17% $79.19 -3.64% -20.81%
Day 7 114 1.79% 14.00% $129.65 3.58% 29.66% $76.36 -3.58% -23.64%
Day 8 116 1.75% 16.00% $134.20 3.50% 34.19% $73.68 -3.50% -26.31%
Day 9 118 1.72% 18.00% $138.82 3.44% 38.81% $71.14 -3.44% -28.85%
Day 10 120 1.69% 20.00% $143.53 3.38% 43.50% $68.73 -3.38% -31.25%

 

102

 

 

The cumulative performance of the hypothetical the underlying security in Table 6 is 20% for 10 trading days. The return of the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF for the 10-trading day period is 43.50%, and the return of the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF is -31.25%. In this case, because of the positive hypothetical the underlying security trend, the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF’s gain is greater than 200% of the hypothetical the underlying security gain and the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF ’s decline is less than 200% of the hypothetical the underlying security gain for the 10-trading day period.

 

103

 

 

Table 7 – The Underlying Security Declines in a Clear Trend

 

The Underlying Security T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target
ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA
Daily Target ETF
T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target
ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse
NVIDIA Daily Target ETF
  Value Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance NAV Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance NAV Daily
Performance
Cumulative Performance
  100     $100.00     $100.00    
Day 1 98 -2.00% -2.00% $ 96.00 -4.00% -4.00% $104.00 4.00% 4.00%
Day 2 96 -2.04% -4.00% $ 92.08 -4.08% -7.92% $108.24 4.08% 8.24%
Day 3 94 -2.08% -6.00% $ 88.24 -4.16% -11.75% $112.76 4.16% 12.75%
Day 4 92 -2.13% -8.00% $ 84.49 -4.26% -15.51% $117.55 4.26% 17.55%
Day 5 90 -2.17% -10.00% $ 80.82 -4.34% -19.17% $122.66 4.34% 22.65%
Day 6 88 -2.22% -12.00% $ 77.22 -4.44% -22.76% $128.12 4.44% 28.10%
Day 7 86 -2.27% -14.00% $ 73.71 -4.54% -26.27% $133.94 4.54% 33.91%
Day 8 84 -2.33% -16.00% $ 70.29 -4.66% -29.71% $140.17   4.66% 40.15%
Day 9 82 -2.38% -18.00% $ 66.94 -4.76% -33.05% $146.84 4.76% 46.82%
Day 10 80 -2.44% -20.00% $ 63.67 -4.88% -36.32% $154.01 4.88% 53.99%

104

 

 

The cumulative performance of the hypothetical the underlying security in Table 7 is -20% for 10 trading days. The return of the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF for the 10-trading day period is -36.32% and the return of the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF is 53.99%. In this case, because of the negative hypothetical the underlying security trend, the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF’s decline is less than 200% of the hypothetical the underlying security decline and the hypothetical T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF ’s gain is greater than 200% of the hypothetical the underlying security decline for the 10-trading day period.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT RISK

 

It is important that you closely review and understand the risks of investing in each Fund. Each Fund’s NAV and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities. You could lose money on your investment in each Fund, and each Fund could underperform other investments. There is no guarantee that each Fund will meet its investment objective. An investment in the Funds is not a deposit of a bank and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Below are some of the specific risks of investing in the Funds including the risks of the investment strategies of the underlying security. The realization of certain of the risks described below that may result in adverse market movements may actually benefit the T-Rex 2X Inverse Tesla Daily Target ETF and the T-Rex 2X Inverse NVIDIA Daily Target ETF due to their inverse investment objective.

 

105

 

 

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk -T-Rex 2X Long Tesla Daily Target ETF and T-Rex 2X Long NVIDIA Daily Target ETF

 

Each Fund has a daily leveraged investment objective and the Fund’s performance for periods greater than a trading day will be the result of each day's returns compounded over the period, which is very likely to differ from an underlying security’s performance times the stated multiple in the Fund’s investment objective, before fees and expenses. Compounding affects all investments, but has a more significant impact on leveraged funds and funds that rebalance daily.

 

Over time, the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in the value of a Fund’s portfolio may diverge significantly from the cumulative percentage increase of 200% of the return of the Fund's underlying security due to the compounding effect of losses and gains on the returns of the Fund. It also is expected that a Fund's use of leverage will cause the Fund to underperform the return of 200% of its underlying security in a trendless or flat market.

 

The chart below provides examples of how volatility could affect a Fund’s performance. A security’s volatility rate is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the returns of the security. Fund performance for periods greater than one single day can be estimated given any set of assumptions for the following factors: a) volatility; b) performance; c) period of time; d) financing rates associated with leveraged exposure; e) other Fund expenses; and f) dividends or interest paid with respect to securities in its underlying security. The chart below illustrates the impact of two principal factors – volatility and performance – on Fund performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of volatility and performance over a one-year period. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect to the securities included in its underlying security; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain leveraged exposure for the Funds) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. Particularly during periods of higher volatility, compounding will cause results for periods longer than a trading day to vary from 200% of the performance of the underlying security.

 

106

 

 

During periods of higher volatility, the volatility of the underlying security may affect the Fund’s return as much as, or more than, the return of the underlying security. The impact of compounding will impact each shareholder differently depending on the period of time an investment in the Fund is held and the volatility of the underlying security during a shareholder’s holding period of an investment in the Fund.

 

As shown below, a Fund would be expected to lose 6.1% if its underlying security provided no return over a one-year period during which its underlying security experienced annualized volatility of 25%. If its underlying security’s annualized volatility were to rise to 75%, the hypothetical loss for a one-year period for a Fund widens to approximately 43%.

 

At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a significant loss of value in a Fund. For instance, if an underlying security’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose approximately 63.2% of its value, even if the cumulative return of its underlying security for the year was 0%. The volatility of ETFs or instruments that reflect the value of the underlying security, such as swaps, may differ from the volatility of the Fund's underlying security. 

 

One

Year

200%

One

Year

Volatility Rate
Return Return 10% 25% 50% 75% 100%
-60% -120% -84.2% -85.0% -87.5% -90.9% -94.1%
-50% -100% -75.2% -76.5% -80.5% -85.8% -90.8%
-40% -80% -64.4% -66.2% -72.0% -79.5% -86.8%
-30% -60% -51.5% -54.0% -61.8% -72.1% -82.0%
-20% -40% -36.6% -39.9% -50.2% -63.5% -76.5%
-10% -20% -19.8% -23.9% -36.9% -53.8% -70.2%
0% 0% -1.0% -6.1% -22.1% -43.0% -63.2%
10% 20% 19.8% 13.7% -5.8% -31.1% -55.5%
20% 40% 42.6% 35.3% 12.1% -18.0% -47.0%
30% 60% 67.3% 58.8% 31.6% -3.7% -37.8%
40% 80% 94.0% 84.1% 52.6% 11.7% -27.9%
50% 100% 122.8% 111.4% 75.2% 28.2% -17.2%
60% 120% 153.5% 140.5% 99.4% 45.9% -5.8%

 

Holding an unmanaged position opens the investor to the risk of market volatility adversely affecting the performance of the investment. The Funds are not appropriate for investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. The table is intended to underscore the fact that the Fund is designed as a short-term trading vehicle for investors who intend to activel