Prospectus

 

Nasdaq ticker symbols

 

Class A

Class C

Class I

Class R6

Class R

Class Y

Delaware Ivy Asset Strategy Fund

WASAX

WASCX

IVAEX

IASTX

IASRX

WASYX

Delaware Ivy Balanced Fund

IBNAX

IBNCX

IYBIX

IBARX

IYBFX

IBNYX

Delaware Ivy Core Equity Fund

WCEAX

WTRCX

ICIEX

ICEQX

IYCEX

WCEYX

Delaware Ivy Systematic Emerging Markets Equity Fund

IPOAX

IPOCX

IPOIX

IMEGX

IYPCX

IPOYX

Delaware Climate Solutions Fund

IEYAX

IEYCX

IVEIX

IENRX

IYEFX

IEYYX

Delaware Global Value Equity Fund

IBIAX

IBICX

IBIIX

IICNX

IYGEX

IBIYX

Delaware Ivy Global Growth Fund

IVINX

IVNCX

IGIIX

ITGRX

IYIGX

IVIYX

Delaware Ivy International Core Equity Fund

IVIAX

IVIFX

ICEIX

IINCX

IYITX

IVVYX

Delaware Ivy Large Cap Growth Fund

WLGAX

WLGCX

IYGIX

ILGRX

WLGRX

WLGYX

Delaware Ivy Mid Cap Growth Fund

WMGAX

WMGCX

IYMIX

IGRFX

WMGRX

WMGYX

Delaware Ivy Mid Cap Income Opportunities Fund

IVOAX

IVOCX

IVOIX

IVOSX

IVORX

IVOYX

Delaware Ivy Science and Technology Fund

WSTAX

WSTCX

ISTIX

ISTNX

WSTRX

WSTYX

Delaware Ivy Smid Cap Core Fund

IYSAX

IYSCX

IVVIX

ISPVX

IYSMX

IYSYX

Delaware Ivy Small Cap Growth Fund

WSGAX

WRGCX

IYSIX

IRGFX

WSGRX

WSCYX

Delaware Ivy Value Fund

IYVAX

IYVCX

IYAIX

IVALX

IYVLX

IYVYX

July 31, 2023

The US Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this Prospectus.
Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

Get shareholder reports and prospectuses online instead of in the mail.
Visit delawarefunds.com/edelivery.


 

 

 

 

Table of contents

 

1

 

1

 

7

 

13

 

18

 

23

 

29

 

35

 

40

 

45

 

50

 

55

 

60

 

65

 

70

 

75

 

79

 

79

 

97

 

97

 

206

 

207

 

207

 

207

 

208

 

213

 

213

 

215

 

215

 

215

 

218

 

219

 

219

 

221

 

221

 

222

 

223

 

223

 

224

 

224

 

224

 

224

 

226

 

227

 

229

 

230

 

231

 

328

 

361

 


 

Delaware Ivy Asset Strategy Fund, a series of Ivy Funds

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Ivy Asset Strategy Fund seeks to provide total return.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.22%

2

 

0.50%

2

 

0.22%

2

 

0.09%

2

 

0.29%

2

 

0.18%

2

Acquired fund fees and expenses

 

 

0.01%

3

 

0.01%

3

 

0.01%

3

 

0.01%

3

 

0.01%

3

 

0.01%

3

Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.16%

4

 

2.19%

4

 

0.91%

4

 

0.78%

4

 

1.48%

4

 

1.12%

4

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1%CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

Other expenses“ includes the expenses of any wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Fund.

3

Acquired fund fees and expenses sets forth the Fund's pro rata portion of the cumulative expenses charged by the registered investment companies (RICs) in which the Fund invested during the last fiscal year. The Acquired fund fees and expenses shown are based on the total expense ratio of the RICs for the RICs' most recent fiscal period. These expenses are not direct costs paid by Fund shareholders, and are not used to calculate the Fund's NAV.

4

The Total annual fund operating expenses ratio shown above does not correlate to the expense ratio shown in the Financial Highlights table because that ratio does not include the Acquired fund fees and expenses.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$686

   

$222

   

$322

   

$93

   

$80

   

$151

   

$114

 
3 years

 

 

$922

   

$685

   

$685

   

$290

   

$249

   

$468

   

$356

 
5 years

 

 

$1,177

   

$1,175

   

$1,175

   

$504

   

$433

   

$808

   

$617

 
10 years

 

 

$1,903

   

$2,524

   

$2,524

   

$1,120

   

$966

   

$1,768

   

$1,363

 

1


 

Fund summaries

Portfolio turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 74% of the average value of its portfolio.

What are the Fund’s principal investment strategies?

Delaware Ivy Asset Strategy Fund seeks to achieve its objective by allocating its assets among different asset classes of varying correlation around the globe. Delaware Management Company (Manager), the Fund’s investment manager, primarily invests a portion of the Fund’s assets in global equity securities that the Manager believes can outperform the Fund’s benchmark index, the MSCI ACWI Index, over a full market cycle before taking into account fund expenses (the Equity portion). The Manager then invests the Fund’s remaining assets (the Diversifying portion) in various additional asset classes that may have a lower correlation or volatility than the Equity portion, including but not limited to global fixed-income securities, United States Treasury (Treasury) instruments, precious metals, commodities and cash. The Manager may allocate the Fund’s investments among these different asset classes in different proportions at different times, but generally seeks to invest 50%-80% of the Fund’s total assets (with a long-term target of approximately 65%) in equities or equity-like securities and 20%-50% of the Fund’s total assets (with a long-term target of approximately 35%) in the Diversifying portion.

For the purposes of this section, a reference to the Manager may also include Macquarie Investment Management Austria Kapitalanlage AG (MIMAK), with respect to its role as sub-advisor of the Fund.

In selecting securities for the Fund, the Manager primarily emphasizes a bottom-up (researching individual issuers) approach and seeks to find relative value across the asset classes noted above. Part of the Manager’s investment process also includes a top-down (assessing the market and economic environment) analysis.

With respect to the Equity portion, the Manager seeks what it believes are well-positioned companies with a strong and/or growing sustainable competitive advantage in attractive industries across the globe which the Manager believes can exceed current earnings estimates. The Manager looks for companies that are taking market share within their industries, which results in high levels of cash flow, as well as stable to improving margins and returns. The Manager generally focuses on companies that are growing, innovating, improving margins, returning capital through dividend growth or share buybacks and/or offering what the Manager believes to be sustainable high free cash flow.

The Fund has the flexibility to invest in both growth and value companies. Although the Fund primarily invests in securities issued by large-capitalization companies (typically, companies with market capitalizations of at least $10 billion at the time of acquisition), it may invest in securities issued by companies of any size.

Within the Diversifying portion, the Fund has the flexibility to invest in a wide range of assets that, in the Manager’s view, present attractive risk-adjusted returns as compared to the Equity portion, and/or reduce the Fund’s overall risk profile. Diversifying assets may be comprised of global fixed-income instruments, including investment-grade and high-yield bonds, as well as emerging market, corporate and sovereign bonds and bank loans. Such fixed-income instruments may include a significant amount, up to 35% of the Fund’s total assets, in high-yield/high-risk bonds, or junk bonds, which include bonds rated BB+ or below by S&P Global Ratings, a division of S&P Global, Inc. (S&P), or comparably rated by another nationally recognized statistical rating organization (NRSRO) or, if unrated, determined by the Manager to be of comparable quality. When selecting these instruments, the Manager focuses heavily on free cash flow and an issuer’s ability to de-lever itself (in other words, to reduce debt) through the credit cycle. The Fund also can invest in government securities issued by the Treasury (such as Treasury bills, notes or bonds), obligations issued or guaranteed as to principal and interest (but not as to market value) by the US government, its agencies or instrumentalities, international and supranational bonds issued or guaranteed by other governments, and mortgage-backed securities issued or guaranteed by government agencies or government-sponsored enterprises, as well as Treasury inflation-protected securities (TIPs), and cash.

The Fund may use a wide range of derivatives instruments, typically including forward foreign currency contracts, options, futures contracts, options on futures contracts, and credit default swaps. The Fund will use derivatives for both hedging and non-hedging purposes; as a substitute for purchasing or selling securities; and to manage the Fund’s portfolio characteristics. For example, the Fund may invest in: futures and options to manage duration and for defensive purposes, such as to protect gains or hedge against potential losses in the portfolio without actually selling a security, or to stay fully invested; forward foreign currency contracts to manage foreign currency exposure; and credit default swaps to hedge against a credit event, to gain exposure to certain securities or markets, or to enhance total return.

Within each of the Equity and the Diversifying portions, the Fund may invest in US and foreign securities. The Equity portion of the Fund generally will invest at least 30% of its assets, and may invest up to 75%, in foreign securities and in securities denominated in currencies other than the US dollar, including

2


 

issuers located in and/or generating revenue from emerging markets. Many of the companies in which the Fund may invest have diverse operations, with products or services in foreign markets. Therefore, the Fund may have indirect exposure to various foreign markets through investments in these companies, even if the Fund is not invested directly in such markets.

The Manager may allocate the Fund’s investments among the different types of assets noted above in different proportions at different times (keeping in mind the general percentages noted above) and may exercise a flexible strategy in selecting investments. The Manager does not intend to concentrate the Fund in any geographical region or industry sector; however, it is not limited by investment style or by the issuer’s location or industry sector.

Subject to diversification limits, the Fund also may invest up to 10% of its total assets at the time of investment in precious metals.

In addition, the Manager may seek investment advice and recommendations relating to fixed income securities from its affiliates: Macquarie Investment Management Europe Limited (MIMEL) and Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL). The Manager may also permit MIMGL to execute Fund equity security trades on behalf of the Manager. The Manager may also permit MIMEL and MIMGL to exercise investment discretion and perform trading for fixed income securities in certain markets where the Manager believes it will be beneficial to utilize MIMEL’s or MIMGL’s specialized market knowledge, and the Manager may also seek quantitative support from MIMGL. MIMGL is also responsible for managing real estate investment trust securities and other equity asset classes to which the portfolio managers may allocate assets from time to time.

What are the principal risks of investing in the Fund?

Investing in any mutual fund involves the risk that you may lose part or all of the money you invest. Over time, the value of your investment in the Fund will increase and decrease according to changes in the value of the securities in the Fund’s portfolio. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors. The Fund’s principal risks include:

Market risk — The risk that all or a majority of the securities in a certain market — such as the stock or bond market — will decline in value because of factors such as adverse political or economic conditions, future expectations, investor confidence, or heavy institutional selling.

Foreign and emerging markets risk — The risk that international investing (particularly in emerging markets) may be adversely affected by political instability; changes in currency exchange rates; inefficient markets and higher transaction costs; foreign economic conditions; the imposition of economic or trade sanctions; or inadequate or different regulatory and accounting standards. The risk associated with international investing will be greater in emerging markets than in more developed foreign markets because, among other things, emerging markets may have less stable political and economic environments. In addition, there often is substantially less publicly available information about issuers and such information tends to be of a lesser quality. Economic markets and structures tend to be less mature and diverse and the securities markets may also be smaller, less liquid, and subject to greater price volatility.

Commodity-related investments risk — The value of commodities investments will generally be affected by overall market movements and factors specific to a particular industry or commodity, which may include weather, embargoes, tariffs, and economic health, political, international regulatory and other developments. Exposure to the commodities markets may subject a fund to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities.

Credit risk — The risk that an issuer of a debt security, including a governmental issuer or an entity that insures a bond, may be unable to make interest payments and/or repay principal in a timely manner.

High yield (junk bond) risk — The risk that high yield securities, commonly known as “junk bonds,” are subject to reduced creditworthiness of issuers, increased risk of default, and a more limited and less liquid secondary market. High yield securities may also be subject to greater price volatility and risk of loss of income and principal than are higher-rated securities. High yield bonds are sometimes issued by municipalities that have less financial strength and therefore have less ability to make projected debt payments on the bonds.

Bank loans and other direct indebtedness risk — The risk that the portfolio will not receive payment of principal, interest, and other amounts due in connection with these investments and will depend primarily on the financial condition of the borrower and the lending institution.

Liquidity risk — The possibility that investments cannot be readily sold within seven calendar days at approximately the price at which a fund has valued them.

Interest rate risk — The risk that the prices of bonds and other fixed income securities will increase as interest rates fall and decrease as interest rates rise. Interest rate changes are influenced by a number of factors, such as government policy, monetary policy, inflation expectations, and the supply and demand of bonds. Bonds and other fixed income securities with longer maturities or duration generally are more sensitive to interest rate changes. A fund may be subject to a greater risk of rising interest rates when interest rates are low or inflation rates are high or rising.

Mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities risk — The risk that the principal on mortgage-backed or asset-backed securities may be prepaid at any time, which will reduce the yield and market value. If interest rates fall, the rate of prepayments tends to increase as borrowers are motivated to pay off debt

3


 

Fund summaries

and refinance at new lower rates. Rising interest rates tend to extend the duration of mortgage-related securities, making them more sensitive to changes in interest rates. As a result, in a period of rising interest rates, a fund that holds mortgage-related securities may exhibit additional volatility. 

US government securities risk — The risk that certain US government securities, such as securities issued by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the FHLB, are not backed by the “faith and credit” of the US government and, instead, may be supported only by the credit of the issuer or by the right of the issuer to borrow from the US Treasury.

Derivatives risk — Derivatives contracts, such as futures, forward foreign currency contracts, options, and swaps, may involve additional expenses (such as the payment of premiums) and are subject to significant loss if a security, index, reference rate, or other asset or market factor to which a derivatives contract is associated, moves in the opposite direction from what the Manager anticipated. When used for hedging, the change in value of the derivatives instrument may also not correlate specifically with the currency, rate, or other risk being hedged, in which case a fund may not realize the intended benefits. Derivatives contracts are also subject to the risk that the counterparty may fail to perform its obligations under the contract due to, among other reasons, financial difficulties (such as a bankruptcy or reorganization).

IBOR risk — The risk that changes related to the use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or similar interbank offered rates (“IBORs,” such as the Euro Overnight Index Average (EONIA)) could have adverse impacts on financial instruments that reference LIBOR or a similar rate. While some instruments may contemplate a scenario where LIBOR or a similar rate is no longer available by providing for an alternative rate setting methodology, not all instruments have such fallback provisions and the effectiveness of replacement rates is uncertain. The abandonment of LIBOR and similar rates could affect the value and liquidity of instruments that reference such rates, especially those that do not have fallback provisions. The use of alternative reference rate products may impact investment strategy performance.

Active management and selection risk — The risk that the securities selected by a fund’s management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other funds with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.

None of the entities noted in this document is an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and the obligations of these entities do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (Macquarie Bank). Macquarie Bank does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of these entities. In addition, if this document relates to an investment (a) each investor is subject to investment risk including possible delays in repayment and loss of income and principal invested and (b) none of Macquarie Bank or any other Macquarie Group company guarantees any particular rate of return on or the performance of the investment, nor do they guarantee repayment of capital in respect of the investment.

How has Delaware Ivy Asset Strategy Fund performed?

The bar chart and table below provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual total returns for the 1-, 5-, and 10-year or lifetime periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance. On April 30, 2021, the Fund became part of Delaware Funds by Macquarie​® and Delaware Management Company became the Fund’s investment manager. The returns shown from before April 30, 2021 are from the Fund’s prior investment manager. Effective November 15, 2021, the Fund changed its investment strategy. Performance prior to November 15, 2021 reflects the Fund’s former strategy; its performance may have differed if the Fund’s current strategy had been in place. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how it will perform in the future. The returns reflect any expense caps in effect during these periods. The returns would be lower without the expense caps. You may obtain the Fund’s most recently available month-end performance by calling 800 523-1918 or by visiting our website at delawarefunds.com/performance.

4


 

Calendar year-by-year total return (Class A)

As of June 30, 2023, the Fund’s Class A shares had a calendar year-to-date return of 7.63%. During the periods illustrated in this bar chart, Class A’s highest quarterly return was 17.88% for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, and its lowest quarterly return was -19.74% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The maximum Class A sales charge of 5.75%, which is normally deducted when you purchase shares, is not reflected in the highest/lowest quarterly returns or in the bar chart. If this fee were included, the returns would be less than those shown. The average annual total returns in the table below do include the sales charge.

Average annual total returns for periods ended December 31, 2022

                   

 

1 year

 

5 years

 

10 years or lifetime

 
Class A return before taxes

 

 

-18.44%

   

3.90%

   

3.90%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions

 

 

-21.59%

   

1.17%

   

1.90%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares

 

 

-9.01%

   

2.69%

   

2.79%

 
Class C return before taxes

 

 

-15.04%

   

4.32%

   

3.92%

 
Class I return before taxes

 

 

-13.20%

   

5.42%

   

4.79%

 
Class R6 return before taxes (lifetime: 7/31/14-12/31/22)

 

 

-13.09%

   

5.57%

   

3.31%

 
Class R return before taxes

 

 

-13.72%

   

4.81%

   

4.17%

 
Class Y return before taxes

 

 

-13.43%

   

5.17%

   

4.54%

 
MSCI ACWI (All Country World Index) (gross) (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes)

 

 

-17.96%

   

5.75%

   

8.54%

 

After-tax performance is presented only for Class A shares of the Fund. The after-tax returns for other Fund classes may vary. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s individual tax situation and may differ from the returns shown. After-tax returns are not relevant for shares held in tax-advantaged investment vehicles such as employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown are calculated using the highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect during the periods presented and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes.

Who manages the Fund?

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company, a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (a Delaware statutory trust)

Portfolio manager

Title with Delaware Management Company

Start date on the Fund

Aaron D. Young

Senior Vice President, Portfolio Manager

November 2021

Sub-advisors

Macquarie Investment Management Austria Kapitalanlage AG (MIMAK)

Portfolio managers

Title with MIMAK

Start date on the Fund

Stefan Löwenthal

Managing Director, Chief Investment Officer ‑ Global Multi-Asset Team

November 2021

5


 

Fund summaries

Portfolio managers

Title with MIMAK

Start date on the Fund

Jürgen Wurzer

Senior Vice President, Deputy Head of Portfolio Management ‑ Global Multi-Asset Team

November 2021

Macquarie Investment Management Europe Limited (MIMEL)

Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL)

Purchase and redemption of Fund shares

You may purchase or redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open for business (Business Day). Shares may be purchased or redeemed: through your financial intermediary; through the Fund’s website at delawarefunds.com/account-access; by calling 800 523-1918; by regular mail (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie​®, P.O. Box 534437, Pittsburgh, PA 15253-4437); by overnight courier service (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie Service Center, Attention: 534437, 500 Ross Street, 154-0520, Pittsburgh, PA 15262); or by wire.

For Class A and Class C shares, the minimum initial investment is generally $1,000 and subsequent investments can be made for as little as $100. The minimum initial investment for IRAs, Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act accounts, direct deposit purchase plans, and automatic investment plans is $250 and through Coverdell Education Savings Accounts is $500, and subsequent investments in these accounts can be made for as little as $25. For Class R, Class I, Class Y, and Class R6 shares (except those shares purchased through an automatic investment plan), there is no minimum initial purchase requirement, but certain eligibility requirements must be met. The eligibility requirements are described in this Prospectus under “Choosing a share class” and on the Fund’s website. We may reduce or waive the minimums or eligibility requirements in certain cases.

Please refer to the Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information for more details regarding the purchase and sale of Fund shares.

Tax information

The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, capital gains, or some combination of both, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA, in which case your distributions may be taxed as ordinary income when withdrawn from the tax-advantaged account.

Payments to broker/dealers and other financial intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker/dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker/dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

6


 

Delaware Ivy Balanced Fund, a series of Ivy Funds

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Ivy Balanced Fund seeks to provide total return through a combination of capital appreciation and current income.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

   

0.68%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.17%

   

0.30%

   

0.20%

   

0.07%

   

0.20%

   

0.14%

 
Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.10%

   

1.98%

   

0.88%

   

0.75%

   

1.38%

   

1.07%

 
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

(0.05%)

2

 

(0.18%)

2

 

(0.08%)

2

 

(0.04%)

2

 

(0.08%)

2

 

(0.02%)

2

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

1.05%

   

1.80%

   

0.80%

   

0.71%

   

1.30%

   

1.05%

 

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has contractually agreed to waive all or a portion of fees and/or pay/reimburse expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale dividend and interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 0.80% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for all classes other than Class R6, and 0.71% of the Fund’s Class R6 shares’ average daily net assets, from July 31, 2023 through July 30, 2024. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and reflects the applicable expense waivers and reimbursements for the 1-year contractual period and the total operating expenses without waivers for years 2 through 10. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$676

   

$183

   

$283

   

$82

   

$73

   

$132

   

$107

 
3 years

 

 

$900

   

$604

   

$604

   

$273

   

$236

   

$429

   

$338

 
5 years

 

 

$1,142

   

$1,051

   

$1,051

   

$480

   

$413

   

$748

   

$588

 
10 years

 

 

$1,834

   

$2,292

   

$2,292

   

$1,077

   

$927

   

$1,650

   

$1,304

 

7


 

Fund summaries

Portfolio turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 82% of the average value of its portfolio.

What are the Fund’s principal investment strategies?

Delaware Ivy Balanced Fund seeks to achieve its objective by investing primarily in a diversified mix of stocks, debt securities and short-term instruments, depending on market conditions. Regarding its income-generating equity investments, including convertible securities, the Fund invests primarily in medium to large, well-established companies, although it may invest in securities issued by companies of any size. The Fund invests at least 50% of its total assets in equity securities including convertible securities. The Fund may invest in preferred stocks and REITs.

In addition, the Fund invests at least 30% of its total assets in debt securities with the objective of providing income and diversification although such diversification may not protect against market risk. The Fund’s debt securities may include US government securities or investment-grade corporate bonds rated BBB- or higher by S&P Global Ratings, a division of S&P Global, Inc. (S&P), or comparably rated by another nationally recognized statistical rating organization (NRSRO) or, if unrated, determined by Delaware Management Company (Manager), the Fund’s investment manager, to be of comparable quality. The Fund may also invest up to 20% of its total assets in non-investment-grade debt securities. The Fund has no limitations on the range of maturities of the debt securities in which it may invest.

For the purposes of this section, a reference to the Manager may also include Macquarie Investment Management Austria Kapitalanlage AG (MIMAK), with respect to its role as sub-advisor of the Fund.

In evaluating investments for the Fund, the Manager focuses on companies with resilient business models characterized by stable growth rates; strong balance sheets; relative strength in earnings; attractive return profiles and valuation; and strong free cash flow generation. In so doing, the Manager evaluates a company’s management team, its financial position, its competitive position and the condition of its respective industry in addition to other factors. The Manager utilizes financial statements, independent research by its investment management personnel, third party research, brand studies done by outside parties and other tools and processes to identify what it believes to be attractive investment opportunities with a focus on the trajectory and sustainability of a company’s business model. The Manager also focuses on companies that possess a sustainable competitive advantage by evaluating factors such as brand equity/loyalty, proprietary technology, switching costs, access to distribution channels, capital requirements, economies of scale, and barriers to entry. In addition, the Manager’s analysis informs its view of an appropriate valuation for each potential investment.

Investment opportunities typically fall into two categories: company-specific ideas which include factors such as a company’s competitive positioning, production cycles, cost restructuring or a new management team; and thematic ideas where the Manager considers economic or political forces, interest rate term structure variances, cyclical inflections, changes in consumer behavior or technology shifts.

The Fund may use a wide range of derivatives instruments, typically including forward foreign currency contracts, options, futures contracts, options on futures contracts, and credit default swaps. The Fund will use derivatives for both hedging and non-hedging purposes; as a substitute for purchasing or selling securities; and to manage the Fund’s portfolio characteristics. For example, the Fund may invest in: futures and options to manage duration and for defensive purposes, such as to protect gains or hedge against potential losses in the portfolio without actually selling a security, or to stay fully invested; forward foreign currency contracts to manage foreign currency exposure; and credit default swaps to hedge against a credit event, to gain exposure to certain securities or markets, or to enhance total return.

In selecting debt securities for the Fund, the Manager focuses on current income and capital preservation and generally seeks to invest in investment-grade securities. The Fund may invest up to 30% of its total assets in foreign securities, including equity and fixed-income securities. Additionally, many of the companies in which the Fund may invest have diverse operations, with products or services in foreign markets. Therefore, the Fund may have indirect exposure to various foreign markets through investments in these companies, even if the Fund is not invested directly in such markets.

The Fund may invest in bonds of any maturity or duration.

Generally, in determining whether to sell a security, the Manager uses the same analysis as identified above in order to determine if the security is appropriately valued or has met its anticipated price. The Manager also may sell a security if the security ceases to produce income, to reduce the Fund’s holding in that security, to take advantage of what it believes are more attractive investment opportunities or to raise cash.

In addition, the Manager may seek investment advice and recommendations relating to fixed income securities from its affiliates: Macquarie Investment Management Europe Limited (MIMEL) and Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL). The Manager may also permit MIMGL to execute

8


 

Fund equity security trades on behalf of the Manager. The Manager may also permit MIMEL and MIMGL to exercise investment discretion and perform trading for fixed income securities in certain markets where the Manager believes it will be beneficial to utilize MIMEL’s or MIMGL’s specialized market knowledge, and the Manager may also seek quantitative support from MIMGL. MIMGL is also responsible for managing real estate investment trust securities and other equity asset classes to which the portfolio managers may allocate assets from time to time.

What are the principal risks of investing in the Fund?

Investing in any mutual fund involves the risk that you may lose part or all of the money you invest. Over time, the value of your investment in the Fund will increase and decrease according to changes in the value of the securities in the Fund’s portfolio. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors. The Fund’s principal risks include:

Market risk — The risk that all or a majority of the securities in a certain market — such as the stock or bond market — will decline in value because of factors such as adverse political or economic conditions, future expectations, investor confidence, or heavy institutional selling.

Preferred stock risk — The risk that preferred stocks may be subordinated to bonds in terms of rights to their share of the company’s assets, may be less liquid than many other securities, and generally offer no voting rights with respect to the issuer.  Preferred stocks may also be adversely affected by interest rates and may be callable by the issuer.

Foreign risk — The risk that foreign securities (particularly in emerging markets) may be adversely affected by political instability, changes in currency exchange rates, inefficient markets and higher transaction costs, foreign economic conditions, the imposition of economic or trade sanctions, or inadequate or different regulatory and accounting standards.

Fixed income risk — The risk that bonds may decrease in value if interest rates increase; an issuer may not be able to make principal and interest payments when due; a bond may be prepaid prior to maturity; and, in the case of high yield bonds (“junk bonds”), such bonds may be subject to an increased risk of default, a more limited secondary market than investment grade bonds, and greater price volatility. Interest rate changes are influenced by a number of factors, such as government policy, monetary policy, inflation expectations, and the supply and demand of bonds. Bonds and other fixed income securities with longer maturities or duration generally are more sensitive to interest rate changes. A fund may be subject to a greater risk of rising interest rates when interest rates are low or inflation rates are high or rising.

US government securities risk — The risk that certain US government securities, such as securities issued by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the FHLB, are not backed by the “faith and credit” of the US government and, instead, may be supported only by the credit of the issuer or by the right of the issuer to borrow from the US Treasury.

Interest rate risk — The risk that the prices of bonds and other fixed income securities will increase as interest rates fall and decrease as interest rates rise. Interest rate changes are influenced by a number of factors, such as government policy, monetary policy, inflation expectations, and the supply and demand of bonds. Bonds and other fixed income securities with longer maturities or duration generally are more sensitive to interest rate changes. A fund may be subject to a greater risk of rising interest rates when interest rates are low or inflation rates are high or rising.

Credit risk — The risk that an issuer of a debt security, including a governmental issuer or an entity that insures a bond, may be unable to make interest payments and/or repay principal in a timely manner.

High yield (junk bond) risk — The risk that high yield securities, commonly known as “junk bonds,” are subject to reduced creditworthiness of issuers, increased risk of default, and a more limited and less liquid secondary market. High yield securities may also be subject to greater price volatility and risk of loss of income and principal than are higher-rated securities. High yield bonds are sometimes issued by municipalities that have less financial strength and therefore have less ability to make projected debt payments on the bonds.

REIT-related risk — The risk that the value of a fund’s investments in a REIT may be adversely affected by (1) changes in the value of the REIT’s underlying property or the property secured by mortgages the REIT holds; (2) loss of REIT federal tax status (and the resulting inability to qualify for modified pass-through tax treatment under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code” or the “Code”)) or changes in laws and/or rules related to that status; or (3) the REIT’s failure to maintain its exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (1940 Act). In addition, a fund may experience a decline in its income from REIT securities due to falling interest rates or decreasing dividend payments.

Company size risk — The risk that investments in small- and/or medium-sized companies may be more volatile than those of larger companies because of limited financial resources or dependence on narrow product lines.

Liquidity risk — The possibility that investments cannot be readily sold within seven calendar days at approximately the price at which a fund has valued them.

9


 

Fund summaries

IBOR risk — The risk that changes related to the use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or similar interbank offered rates (“IBORs,” such as the Euro Overnight Index Average (EONIA)) could have adverse impacts on financial instruments that reference LIBOR or a similar rate. While some instruments may contemplate a scenario where LIBOR or a similar rate is no longer available by providing for an alternative rate setting methodology, not all instruments have such fallback provisions and the effectiveness of replacement rates is uncertain. The abandonment of LIBOR and similar rates could affect the value and liquidity of instruments that reference such rates, especially those that do not have fallback provisions. The use of alternative reference rate products may impact investment strategy performance.

Active management and selection risk — The risk that the securities selected by a fund’s management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other funds with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.

None of the entities noted in this document is an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and the obligations of these entities do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (Macquarie Bank). Macquarie Bank does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of these entities. In addition, if this document relates to an investment (a) each investor is subject to investment risk including possible delays in repayment and loss of income and principal invested and (b) none of Macquarie Bank or any other Macquarie Group company guarantees any particular rate of return on or the performance of the investment, nor do they guarantee repayment of capital in respect of the investment.

How has Delaware Ivy Balanced Fund performed?

The bar chart and table below provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual total returns for the 1-, 5-, and 10-year or lifetime periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance. On April 30, 2021, the Fund became part of Delaware Funds by Macquarie​® and Delaware Management Company became the Fund’s investment manager. The returns shown from before April 30, 2021 are from the Fund’s prior investment manager. Effective November 15, 2021, the Fund changed its investment strategy. Performance prior to November 15, 2021 reflects the Fund’s former strategy; its performance may have differed if the Fund’s current strategy had been in place. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how it will perform in the future. The returns reflect any expense caps in effect during these periods. The returns would be lower without the expense caps. You may obtain the Fund’s most recently available month-end performance by calling 800 523-1918 or by visiting our website at delawarefunds.com/performance.

Calendar year-by-year total return (Class A)

As of June 30, 2023, the Fund’s Class A shares had a calendar year-to-date return of 9.40%. During the periods illustrated in this bar chart, Class A’s highest quarterly return was 15.62% for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, and its lowest quarterly return was -16.28% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The maximum Class A sales charge of 5.75%, which is normally deducted when you purchase shares, is not reflected in the highest/lowest quarterly returns or in the bar chart. If this fee were included, the returns would be less than those shown. The average annual total returns in the table below do include the sales charge.

10


 

Average annual total returns for periods ended December 31, 2022

                   

 

1 year

 

5 years

 

10 years or lifetime

 
Class A return before taxes

 

 

-20.94%

   

4.41%

   

6.38%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions

 

 

-24.84%

   

1.56%

   

4.43%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares

 

 

-9.52%

   

3.30%

   

4.94%

 
Class C return before taxes

 

 

-17.51%

   

4.84%

   

6.41%

 
Class I return before taxes

 

 

-15.94%

   

5.89%

   

7.27%

 
Class R6 return before taxes (lifetime: 7/31/14-12/31/22)

 

 

-15.79%

   

6.05%

   

5.86%

 
Class R return before taxes

 

 

-16.37%

   

5.27%

   

6.64%

 
Class Y return before taxes

 

 

-16.10%

   

5.65%

   

7.02%

 
S&P 500® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes)

 

 

-18.11%

   

9.42%

   

12.56%

 
Bloomberg US Aggregate Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes)

 

 

-13.01%

   

0.02%

   

1.06%

 

After-tax performance is presented only for Class A shares of the Fund. The after-tax returns for other Fund classes may vary. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s individual tax situation and may differ from the returns shown. After-tax returns are not relevant for shares held in tax-advantaged investment vehicles such as employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown are calculated using the highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect during the periods presented and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes.

Who manages the Fund?

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company, a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (a Delaware statutory trust)

Portfolio manager

Title with Delaware Management Company

Start date on the Fund

Aaron D. Young

Senior Vice President, Portfolio Manager

November 2021

Sub-advisors

Macquarie Investment Management Austria Kapitalanlage AG (MIMAK)

Portfolio managers

Title with MIMAK

Start date on the Fund

Stefan Löwenthal

Managing Director, Chief Investment Officer ‑ Global Multi-Asset Team

November 2021

Jürgen Wurzer

Senior Vice President, Deputy Head of Portfolio Management ‑ Global Multi-Asset Team

November 2021

Macquarie Investment Management Europe Limited (MIMEL)

Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL)

Purchase and redemption of Fund shares

You may purchase or redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open for business (Business Day). Shares may be purchased or redeemed: through your financial intermediary; through the Fund’s website at delawarefunds.com/account-access; by calling 800 523-1918; by regular mail (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie​®, P.O. Box 534437, Pittsburgh, PA 15253-4437); by overnight courier service (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie Service Center, Attention: 534437, 500 Ross Street, 154-0520, Pittsburgh, PA 15262); or by wire.

For Class A and Class C shares, the minimum initial investment is generally $1,000 and subsequent investments can be made for as little as $100. The minimum initial investment for IRAs, Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act accounts, direct deposit purchase plans, and automatic investment plans is $250 and through Coverdell Education Savings Accounts is $500, and subsequent investments in these accounts can be made for as little as $25. For Class R, Class I, Class Y, and Class R6 shares (except those shares purchased through an automatic investment plan), there is no minimum initial purchase requirement, but certain eligibility requirements must be met. The eligibility requirements are described in this Prospectus under “Choosing a share class” and on the Fund’s website. We may reduce or waive the minimums or eligibility requirements in certain cases.

Please refer to the Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information for more details regarding the purchase and sale of Fund shares.

11


 

Fund summaries

Tax information

The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, capital gains, or some combination of both, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA, in which case your distributions may be taxed as ordinary income when withdrawn from the tax-advantaged account.

Payments to broker/dealers and other financial intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker/dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker/dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

12


 

Delaware Ivy Core Equity Fund, a series of Ivy Funds

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Ivy Core Equity Fund seeks to provide capital growth and appreciation.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

1

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.63%

   

0.63%

   

0.63%

   

0.63%

   

0.63%

   

0.63%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.15%

   

0.36%

   

0.15%

   

0.06%

   

0.18%

   

0.09%

 
Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.03%

   

1.99%

   

0.78%

   

0.69%

   

1.31%

   

0.97%

 
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

(0.03%)

2

 

(0.24%)

2

 

(0.03%)

2

 

(0.02%)

2

 

(0.06%)

2

 

none

2

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

1.00%

   

1.75%

   

0.75%

   

0.67%

   

1.25%

   

0.97%

 

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has contractually agreed to waive all or a portion of fees and/or pay/reimburse expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale dividend and interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 0.75% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for all classes other than Class R6, and 0.67% of the Fund’s Class R6 shares’ average daily net assets, from July 31, 2023 through July 30, 2024. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and reflects the applicable expense waivers and reimbursements for the 1-year contractual period and the total operating expenses without waivers for years 2 through 10. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$671

   

$178

   

$278

   

$77

   

$68

   

$127

   

$99

 
3 years

 

 

$881

   

$601

   

$601

   

$246

   

$219

   

$409

   

$309

 
5 years

 

 

$1,108

   

$1,051

   

$1,051

   

$430

   

$382

   

$712

   

$536

 
10 years

 

 

$1,759

   

$2,297

   

$2,297

   

$963

   

$857

   

$1,574

   

$1,190

 

13


 

Fund summaries

Portfolio turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 37% of the average value of its portfolio.

What are the Fund’s principal investment strategies?

Delaware Ivy Core Equity Fund seeks to achieve its objective by investing, under normal circumstances, at least 80% of its net assets in equity securities, primarily in common stocks of large-capitalization companies. The Fund seeks to invest in companies that Delaware Management Company (Manager), the Fund’s investment manager, believes are high-quality, have sustainable competitive advantages accompanied by financial strength and earnings stability, and have leading positions in their industries. Large-capitalization companies typically are companies with market capitalizations of at least $10 billion at the time of acquisition. The Fund invests in securities that have the potential for capital appreciation, or that the Manager expects to resist market decline. Although the Fund primarily invests in securities issued by large-capitalization companies, it may invest in securities issued by companies of any size. The Fund may invest in securities of companies across the valuation spectrum, including securities issued by growth and value companies.

The Manager believes that long-term earnings potential relative to market expectations is an important component for stock performance. The Manager balances a top-down (assessing the market environment) approach with a bottom-up (researching individual issuers) analysis when selecting securities for the Fund, and seeks to exploit what it believes to be catalysts for multi-year earnings growth in companies that it believes have strong or strengthening competitive advantages. Earnings catalysts are diversified across both thematic and company-specific projections.

From a top-down perspective, the Manager seeks to identify current trends or themes which indicate specific industries that have the potential to experience multi-year growth. The Manager considers various thematic catalysts in its analysis, including major macro-economic and political forces, cyclical inflections, changes in consumer behavior and technology shifts. Once a trend or theme is identified, the Manager seeks to invest for the Fund in what it believes are dominant companies that will benefit from these trends or themes; including companies that the Manager believes have long-term earnings potential that exceeds market expectations. Through its bottom-up stock selection, the Manager searches for companies for which it believes market expectations are too low with regard to the ability of the companies to grow their businesses.

In selecting securities for the Fund, the Manager may consider whether a company has new products to introduce, has undergone cost restructuring or a management change, or has improved its execution, among other factors.

The Fund typically holds a limited number of stocks (generally 40 to 50).

The Manager attempts to select securities that it believes have growth possibilities by looking at many factors, which may include a company’s: projected long-term earnings power compared to market expectations over a multi-year horizon, competitive position in the global economy, history of improving sales and profits, management strength, ESG characteristics, established brand, leadership position in its industry, stock price value, potential earnings catalyst, dividend payment history, anticipated future dividend yield, and prospects for capital return in the form of dividends and stock buybacks.

Many of the companies in which the Fund may invest have diverse operations, with products or services in foreign markets. Therefore, the Fund may have indirect exposure to various foreign markets through investments in these companies, even if the Fund is not invested directly in such markets.

Generally, in determining whether to sell a security, the Manager uses the same type of analysis that it uses in buying securities. Among other factors, the Manager considers whether, in its opinion, the security has fully appreciated according to the Manager’s forecast, has ceased to offer the prospect of significant growth potential, has had its competitive barriers diminished, has seen its earnings catalyst lose its impact, or has performed below the Manager’s expectations regarding the company’s long-term earnings potential. The Manager also may sell a security to reduce the Fund’s holding in that security if that issuer’s competitive advantage has diminished or if the Fund’s portfolio manager loses conviction in a previously identified trend or theme, to take advantage of what it believes are more attractive investment opportunities or to raise cash.

The Manager may permit its affiliate, Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL), to execute Fund security trades on behalf of the Manager. The Manager may also seek quantitative support from MIMGL.

What are the principal risks of investing in the Fund?

Investing in any mutual fund involves the risk that you may lose part or all of the money you invest. Over time, the value of your investment in the Fund will increase and decrease according to changes in the value of the securities in the Fund’s portfolio. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors. The Fund’s principal risks include:

14


 

Market risk — The risk that all or a majority of the securities in a certain market — such as the stock or bond market — will decline in value because of factors such as adverse political or economic conditions, future expectations, investor confidence, or heavy institutional selling.

Large-capitalization company risk — Large-capitalization companies tend to be less volatile than companies with smaller market capitalizations. This potentially lower risk means that the Fund’s share price may not rise as much as the share prices of funds that focus on smaller-capitalization companies.

Growth stock risk Growth stocks reflect projections of future earnings and revenue. These prices may rise or fall dramatically depending on whether those projections are met. These companies’ stock prices may be more volatile, particularly over the short term.

Value stock risk — The risk that the value of a security believed by the Manager to be undervalued may never reach what is believed to be its full value; such security’s value may decrease or such security may be appropriately priced. Value stocks are stocks of companies that may have experienced adverse business or industry developments or may be subject to special risks that have caused the stocks to be out of favor and, in the opinion of the Manager, undervalued.

Industry and sector risk — The risk that the value of securities in a particular industry or sector (such as information technology) will decline because of changing expectations for the performance of that industry or sector.

Information technology sector risk — The risk that the value of a fund’s shares will be affected by factors particular to the information technology and related sectors (such as government regulation) and may fluctuate more widely than that of a fund that invests in a broad range of sectors.

Foreign risk — The risk that foreign securities may be adversely affected by political instability, changes in currency exchange rates, inefficient markets and higher transaction costs, foreign economic conditions, the imposition of economic or trade sanctions, or inadequate or different regulatory and accounting standards.

Limited number of securities risk — The possibility that a single security’s increase or decrease in value may have a greater impact on a fund’s value and total return because the fund may hold larger positions in fewer securities than other funds. In addition, a fund that holds a limited number of securities may be more volatile than those funds that hold a greater number of securities.

Liquidity risk — The possibility that investments cannot be readily sold within seven calendar days at approximately the price at which a fund has valued them.

IBOR risk — The risk that changes related to the use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or similar interbank offered rates (“IBORs,” such as the Euro Overnight Index Average (EONIA)) could have adverse impacts on financial instruments that reference LIBOR or a similar rate. While some instruments may contemplate a scenario where LIBOR or a similar rate is no longer available by providing for an alternative rate setting methodology, not all instruments have such fallback provisions and the effectiveness of replacement rates is uncertain. The abandonment of LIBOR and similar rates could affect the value and liquidity of instruments that reference such rates, especially those that do not have fallback provisions. The use of alternative reference rate products may impact investment strategy performance.

Active management and selection risk — The risk that the securities selected by a fund’s management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other funds with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.

None of the entities noted in this document is an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and the obligations of these entities do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (Macquarie Bank). Macquarie Bank does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of these entities. In addition, if this document relates to an investment (a) each investor is subject to investment risk including possible delays in repayment and loss of income and principal invested and (b) none of Macquarie Bank or any other Macquarie Group company guarantees any particular rate of return on or the performance of the investment, nor do they guarantee repayment of capital in respect of the investment.

How has Delaware Ivy Core Equity Fund performed?

The bar chart and table below provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual total returns for the 1-, 5-, and 10-year or lifetime periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance. On April 30, 2021, the Fund became part of Delaware Funds by Macquarie​® and Delaware Management Company became the Fund’s investment manager; however, the portfolio manager has not changed. The returns shown from before April 30, 2021 are from the Fund’s prior investment manager. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how it will perform in the future. The returns reflect any expense caps in effect during these periods. The returns would be lower without the expense caps. You may obtain the Fund’s most recently available month-end performance by calling 800 523-1918 or by visiting our website at delawarefunds.com/performance.

15


 

Fund summaries

Calendar year-by-year total return (Class A)

As of June 30, 2023, the Fund’s Class A shares had a calendar year-to-date return of 14.74%. During the periods illustrated in this bar chart, Class A’s highest quarterly return was 20.29% for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, and its lowest quarterly return was -17.74% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The maximum Class A sales charge of 5.75%, which is normally deducted when you purchase shares, is not reflected in the highest/lowest quarterly returns or in the bar chart. If this fee were included, the returns would be less than those shown. The average annual total returns in the table below do include the sales charge.

Average annual total returns for periods ended December 31, 2022

                   

 

1 year

 

5 years

 

10 years or lifetime

 
Class A return before taxes

 

 

-22.10%

   

8.87%

   

10.57%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions

 

 

-24.51%

   

6.16%

   

8.38%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares

 

 

-11.32%

   

6.71%

   

8.25%

 
Class C return before taxes

 

 

-18.82%

   

9.22%

   

10.51%

 
Class I return before taxes

 

 

-17.22%

   

10.38%

   

11.50%

 
Class R6 return before taxes (lifetime: 7/31/14-12/31/22)

 

 

-17.13%

   

10.55%

   

9.71%

 
Class R return before taxes

 

 

-17.68%

   

9.74%

   

10.81%

 
Class Y return before taxes

 

 

-17.34%

   

10.35%

   

11.48%

 
S&P 500® Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes)

 

 

-18.11%

   

9.42%

   

12.56%

 

After-tax performance is presented only for Class A shares of the Fund. The after-tax returns for other Fund classes may vary. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s individual tax situation and may differ from the returns shown. After-tax returns are not relevant for shares held in tax-advantaged investment vehicles such as employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown are calculated using the highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect during the periods presented and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes.

Who manages the Fund?

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company, a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (a Delaware statutory trust)

Portfolio manager

Title with Delaware Management Company

Start date on the Fund

Erik R. Becker

Managing Director, Senior Portfolio Manager

February 2006

Sub-advisor

Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL)

16


 

Purchase and redemption of Fund shares

You may purchase or redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open for business (Business Day). Shares may be purchased or redeemed: through your financial intermediary; through the Fund’s website at delawarefunds.com/account-access; by calling 800 523-1918; by regular mail (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie​®, P.O. Box 534437, Pittsburgh, PA 15253-4437); by overnight courier service (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie Service Center, Attention: 534437, 500 Ross Street, 154-0520, Pittsburgh, PA 15262); or by wire.

For Class A and Class C shares, the minimum initial investment is generally $1,000 and subsequent investments can be made for as little as $100. The minimum initial investment for IRAs, Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act accounts, direct deposit purchase plans, and automatic investment plans is $250 and through Coverdell Education Savings Accounts is $500, and subsequent investments in these accounts can be made for as little as $25. For Class R, Class I, Class Y, and Class R6 shares (except those shares purchased through an automatic investment plan), there is no minimum initial purchase requirement, but certain eligibility requirements must be met. The eligibility requirements are described in this Prospectus under “Choosing a share class” and on the Fund’s website. We may reduce or waive the minimums or eligibility requirements in certain cases.

Please refer to the Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information for more details regarding the purchase and sale of Fund shares.

Tax information

The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, capital gains, or some combination of both, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA, in which case your distributions may be taxed as ordinary income when withdrawn from the tax-advantaged account.

Payments to broker/dealers and other financial intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker/dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker/dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

17


 

Fund summaries

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Ivy Systematic Emerging Markets Equity Fund seeks to provide growth of capital.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.92%

   

0.92%

   

0.92%

   

0.92%

   

0.92%

   

0.92%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.40%

   

0.37%

   

0.16%

   

0.13%

   

0.22%

   

0.24%

 
Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.57%

   

2.29%

   

1.08%

   

1.05%

   

1.64%

   

1.41%

 
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

(0.52%)

2

 

(0.49%)

2

 

(0.28%)

2

 

(0.40%)

2

 

(0.34%)

2

 

(0.36%)

2

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

1.05%

   

1.80%

   

0.80%

   

0.65%

   

1.30%

   

1.05%

 

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has contractually agreed to waive all or a portion of fees and/or pay/reimburse expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale dividend and interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 0.80% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for all classes other than Class R6, and 0.65% of the Fund’s Class R6 shares’ average daily net assets, from July 31, 2023 through July 30, 2024. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and reflects the applicable expense waivers and reimbursements for the 1-year contractual period and the total operating expenses without waivers for years 2 through 10. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$676

   

$183

   

$283

   

$82

   

$66

   

$132

   

$107

 
3 years

 

 

$994

   

$668

   

$668

   

$316

   

$294

   

$484

   

$411

 
5 years

 

 

$1,335

   

$1,181

   

$1,181

   

$568

   

$541

   

$860

   

$737

 
10 years

 

 

$2,293

   

$2,588

   

$2,588

   

$1,292

   

$1,246

   

$1,915

   

$1,660

 

18


 

Portfolio turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 65% of the average value of its portfolio.

What are the Fund’s principal investment strategies?

Delaware Ivy Systematic Emerging Markets Equity Fund invests, under normal circumstances, at least 80% of its net assets in equity securities, primarily common stock, of companies (i) from countries considered to be emerging market countries or (ii) that are economically linked to emerging market countries. Emerging market countries include, but are not limited to, those considered to be developing by the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation or one of the leading global investment banks. Delaware Management Company (Manager), the Fund’s investment manager, has broad discretion to identify other countries that it considers to qualify as emerging market countries. The majority of these countries are likely to be located in Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, Central and Eastern Europe, and Africa. The Fund may invest in companies of any size and market capitalization and in companies in any industry. The issuer of a security or other investment generally is deemed to be economically linked to a particular country if: (a) the security or other investment is issued or guaranteed by the government of that country or any of its agencies, authorities or instrumentalities; (b) the issuer is organized under the laws of, and maintains a principal office in, that country; (c) the issuer has its principal securities trading market in that country; (d) the issuer derives 50% or more of its total revenues from goods sold or services performed in that country; (e) the issuer has 50% or more of its assets in that country; or (f) the issuer is included in an index which is representative of that country.

The Fund may invest up to 100% of its total assets in foreign securities and may invest in depositary receipts of foreign issuers. The Fund also may invest up to 20% of its net assets in companies that are not located in, or economically linked to, emerging market countries: (1) if the Fund’s portfolio managers believe that the performance of a company or its industry will be influenced by opportunities in the emerging markets; (2) to maintain exposure to industry segments where the portfolio managers believe there are not satisfactory investment opportunities in emerging market countries; and/or (3) if the portfolio managers believe there is the potential for benefit to the Fund.

The Fund may invest in “A-Shares” of certain Chinese companies through various “connect programs” with local stock exchanges in China.

For the purposes of this section, a reference to the Manager may also include Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL), an affiliate of the Manager, with respect to its role as sub-advisor of the Fund.

Using a systematic bottom-up approach, the Fund seeks to select securities that have (1) solid earnings appreciation with trending price action, (2) demonstrated business quality, as seen through superior profitability, balance sheet strength, earnings stability, and corporate sustainability, and (3) reasonable company valuations relative to their current growth prospects, and their peer group. All of these factors give insight into the outlook for a company, and identify companies poised for sustainable growth. Sustainable growth, if it occurs, may result in price appreciation for the company’s stock. The Manager may sell a security if it no longer believes that the security is likely to contribute to meeting the investment objective of the Fund or if there are other opportunities that appear more attractive.

In determining whether to sell a security, the Manager generally considers whether the security has failed to meet its growth expectations, whether its valuation has exceeded its target, whether there has been a change in political regime, or whether it has lost confidence in management. The Manager also may sell a security to reduce the Fund’s holding in that security, to take advantage of what it believes are more attractive investment opportunities or to raise cash.

In addition, the Manager may permit MIMGL to execute Fund security trades on behalf of the Manager. The Manager may also seek quantitative support from MIMGL.

What are the principal risks of investing in the Fund?

Investing in any mutual fund involves the risk that you may lose part or all of the money you invest. Over time, the value of your investment in the Fund will increase and decrease according to changes in the value of the securities in the Fund’s portfolio. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors. The Fund’s principal risks include:

Market risk — The risk that all or a majority of the securities in a certain market — such as the stock or bond market — will decline in value because of factors such as adverse political or economic conditions, future expectations, investor confidence, or heavy institutional selling.

Emerging markets risk — The risk associated with international investing will be greater in emerging markets than in more developed foreign markets because, among other things, emerging markets may have less stable political and economic environments. In addition, there often is substantially less

19


 

Fund summaries

publicly available information about issuers and such information tends to be of a lesser quality. Economic markets and structures tend to be less mature and diverse and the securities markets may also be smaller, less liquid, and subject to greater price volatility.

Foreign risk — The risk that foreign securities (particularly in emerging markets) may be adversely affected by political instability, changes in currency exchange rates, inefficient markets and higher transaction costs, foreign economic conditions, the imposition of economic or trade sanctions, or inadequate or different regulatory and accounting standards.

Capital repatriation risk — The risk that a fund may be unable to repatriate capital from its investments, in whole or in part, which may have an adverse effect on the cash flows and/or performance of the fund. Capital repatriation involves the transfer of corporate money or property from a foreign country back to its home country. The repatriation of capital with regard to investments made in certain securities or countries may be restricted during certain times from the date of such investments or even indefinitely.

Growth stock risk Growth stocks reflect projections of future earnings and revenue. These prices may rise or fall dramatically depending on whether those projections are met. These companies’ stock prices may be more volatile, particularly over the short term.

Currency risk — The risk that fluctuations in exchange rates between the US dollar and foreign currencies and between various foreign currencies may cause the value of an investment to decline.

Geographic focus risk — The risk that local political and economic conditions could adversely affect the performance of a fund investing a substantial amount of assets in securities of issuers located in a single country or a limited number of countries. Adverse events in any one country within the Asia-Pacific region may impact the other countries in the region or Asia as a whole. As a result, adverse events in the region will generally have a greater effect on a fund than if the fund were more geographically diversified, which could result in greater volatility in the fund’s net asset value and losses.

China Investment Risk — The risk that the markets in the greater China region can experience significant volatility due to social, economic, regulatory, and political uncertainties.

Industry and sector risk — The risk that the value of securities in a particular industry or sector (such as consumer discretionary) will decline because of changing expectations for the performance of that industry or sector.

Consumer discretionary sector risk — The risk that the value of a fund’s shares will be affected by factors particular to the consumer discretionary and related sectors and may fluctuate more widely than that of a fund that invests in a broad range of sectors.

Small- and mid-market capitalization company risk — The risk that investments in small- and/or medium-sized companies may be more volatile than those of larger companies because of limited financial resources or dependence on narrow product lines.

Large-capitalization company risk — Large-capitalization companies tend to be less volatile than companies with smaller market capitalizations. This potentially lower risk means that the Fund’s share price may not rise as much as the share prices of funds that focus on smaller-capitalization companies.

Liquidity risk — The possibility that investments cannot be readily sold within seven calendar days at approximately the price at which a fund has valued them.

IBOR risk — The risk that changes related to the use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or similar interbank offered rates (“IBORs,” such as the Euro Overnight Index Average (EONIA)) could have adverse impacts on financial instruments that reference LIBOR or a similar rate. While some instruments may contemplate a scenario where LIBOR or a similar rate is no longer available by providing for an alternative rate setting methodology, not all instruments have such fallback provisions and the effectiveness of replacement rates is uncertain. The abandonment of LIBOR and similar rates could affect the value and liquidity of instruments that reference such rates, especially those that do not have fallback provisions. The use of alternative reference rate products may impact investment strategy performance.

Active management and selection risk — The risk that the securities selected by a fund’s management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other funds with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.

None of the entities noted in this document is an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and the obligations of these entities do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (Macquarie Bank). Macquarie Bank does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of these entities. In addition, if this document relates to an investment (a) each investor is subject to investment risk including possible delays in repayment and loss of income and principal invested and (b) none of Macquarie Bank or any other Macquarie Group company guarantees any particular rate of return on or the performance of the investment, nor do they guarantee repayment of capital in respect of the investment.

20


 

How has Delaware Ivy Systematic Emerging Markets Equity Fund performed?

The bar chart and table below provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual total returns for the 1-, 5-, and 10-year or lifetime periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance. On April 30, 2021, the Fund became part of Delaware Funds by Macquarie​® and Delaware Management Company became the Fund’s investment manager. The returns shown from before April 30, 2021 are from the Fund’s prior investment manager. Effective November 15, 2021, the Fund changed its investment strategy. Performance prior to November 15, 2021 reflects the Fund’s former strategy; its performance may have differed if the Fund’s current strategy had been in place. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how it will perform in the future. The returns reflect any expense caps in effect during these periods. The returns would be lower without the expense caps. You may obtain the Fund’s most recently available month-end performance by calling 800 523-1918 or by visiting our website at delawarefunds.com/performance.

Calendar year-by-year total return (Class A)

As of June 30, 2023, the Fund’s Class A shares had a calendar year-to-date return of 6.80%. During the periods illustrated in this bar chart, Class A’s highest quarterly return was 27.23% for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, and its lowest quarterly return was -23.93% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The maximum Class A sales charge of 5.75%, which is normally deducted when you purchase shares, is not reflected in the highest/lowest quarterly returns or in the bar chart. If this fee were included, the returns would be less than those shown. The average annual total returns in the table below do include the sales charge.

Average annual total returns for periods ended December 31, 2022

                   

 

1 year

 

5 years

 

10 years or lifetime

 
Class A return before taxes

 

 

-31.49%

   

-2.73%

   

2.75%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions

 

 

-33.36%

   

-3.40%

   

2.34%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares

 

 

-16.90%

   

-1.98%

   

2.18%

 
Class C return before taxes

 

 

-28.41%

   

-2.24%

   

2.74%

 
Class I return before taxes

 

 

-26.96%

   

-1.14%

   

3.77%

 
Class R6 return before taxes (lifetime: 7/31/14-12/31/22)

 

 

-26.96%

   

-1.12%

   

3.05%

 
Class R return before taxes

 

 

-27.45%

   

-1.84%

   

3.09%

 
Class Y return before taxes

 

 

-27.24%

   

-1.49%

   

3.44%

 
MSCI Emerging Markets Index (net) (reflects no deduction for fees or expenses)

 

 

-20.09%

   

-1.40%

   

1.44%

 
MSCI Emerging Markets Index (gross) (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes)

 

 

-19.74%

   

-1.03%

   

1.81%

 

After-tax performance is presented only for Class A shares of the Fund. The after-tax returns for other Fund classes may vary. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s individual tax situation and may differ from the returns shown. After-tax returns are not relevant for shares held in tax-advantaged investment vehicles such as employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown are calculated using the highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect during the periods presented and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes.

Who manages the Fund?

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company, a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (a Delaware statutory trust)

21


 

Fund summaries

Sub-advisor

Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL) serves as sub-advisor for the Fund. MIMGL is primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund’s portfolio.

Portfolio managers

Title with MIMGL

Start date on the Fund

Benjamin Leung, CFA

Managing Director, Co-Head of Systematic Investments, Head of Research

November 2021

Scot Thompson

Managing Director, Co-Head of Systematic Investments, Portfolio Manager

November 2021

Purchase and redemption of Fund shares

You may purchase or redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open for business (Business Day). Shares may be purchased or redeemed: through your financial intermediary; through the Fund’s website at delawarefunds.com/account-access; by calling 800 523-1918; by regular mail (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie​®, P.O. Box 534437, Pittsburgh, PA 15253-4437); by overnight courier service (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie Service Center, Attention: 534437, 500 Ross Street, 154-0520, Pittsburgh, PA 15262); or by wire.

For Class A and Class C shares, the minimum initial investment is generally $1,000 and subsequent investments can be made for as little as $100. The minimum initial investment for IRAs, Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act accounts, direct deposit purchase plans, and automatic investment plans is $250 and through Coverdell Education Savings Accounts is $500, and subsequent investments in these accounts can be made for as little as $25. For Class R, Class I, Class Y, and Class R6 shares (except those shares purchased through an automatic investment plan), there is no minimum initial purchase requirement, but certain eligibility requirements must be met. The eligibility requirements are described in this Prospectus under “Choosing a share class” and on the Fund’s website. We may reduce or waive the minimums or eligibility requirements in certain cases.

Please refer to the Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information for more details regarding the purchase and sale of Fund shares.

Tax information

The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, capital gains, or some combination of both, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA, in which case your distributions may be taxed as ordinary income when withdrawn from the tax-advantaged account.

Payments to broker/dealers and other financial intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker/dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker/dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

22


 

Delaware Climate Solutions Fund, a series of Ivy Funds

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Climate Solutions Fund seeks to provide capital growth while also seeking to invest in companies committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within their operations and/or through the products or services they offer.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.38%

   

0.32%

   

0.15%

   

0.12%

   

0.22%

   

0.19%

 
Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.48%

   

2.17%

   

1.00%

   

0.97%

   

1.57%

   

1.29%

 
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

(0.24%)

2

 

(0.18%)

2

 

(0.01%)

2

 

(0.14%)

2

 

(0.08%)

2

 

(0.05%)

2

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

1.24%

   

1.99%

   

0.99%

   

0.83%

   

1.49%

   

1.24%

 

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has contractually agreed to waive all or a portion of fees and/or pay/reimburse expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale dividend and interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 0.99% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for all classes other than Class R6, and 0.83% of the Fund’s Class R6 shares’ average daily net assets, from July 31, 2023 through July 30, 2024. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and reflects the applicable expense waivers and reimbursements for the 1-year contractual period and the total operating expenses without waivers for years 2 through 10. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$694

   

$202

   

$302

   

$101

   

$85

   

$152

   

$126

 
3 years

 

 

$994

   

$662

   

$662

   

$317

   

$295

   

$488

   

$404

 
5 years

 

 

$1,315

   

$1,148

   

$1,148

   

$551

   

$523

   

$848

   

$703

 
10 years

 

 

$2,222

   

$2,489

   

$2,489

   

$1,224

   

$1,177

   

$1,861

   

$1,552

 

23


 

Fund summaries

Portfolio turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 108% of the average value of its portfolio.

What are the Fund’s principal investment strategies?

The Delaware Climate Solutions Fund seeks to achieve its objective by investing in securities of U.S. and non-U.S. issuers, including non-dollar securities and securities of emerging market issuers. The Fund focuses its investments on equity securities and equity-related investments and may invest in common and preferred stocks, convertible securities and warrants of companies of any market capitalization. Under normal circumstances, the Fund will invest at least 80% of its net assets, plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes, in securities of companies that Delaware Management Company (Manager), the Fund’s investment manager, has identified as being capable of reducing, displacing and/or sequestering greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or helping others to do so. In constructing the Fund’s entire portfolio, the Manager will also emphasize the selection of securities issued by companies that the Manager believes offer superior financial risk-adjusted returns.

The Fund is nondiversified, meaning that it may invest a significant portion of its total assets in a limited number of issuers. In addition, the Fund has a policy to concentrate (invest at least 25% of its net assets under normal circumstances) in companies within the energy industry. Companies in the energy industry include, but are not limited to, oil companies, oil and gas drilling, equipment and services companies, oil and gas exploration and production companies, oil and gas storage and transportation companies, natural gas pipeline companies, refinery companies, energy conservation companies, coal, transporters, utilities, alternative energy companies and innovative energy technology companies. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Fund may also invest its assets across different industries outside of the energy industry.

The Manager’s investment process for the Fund begins with idea generation, focusing on the identification of companies capable of reducing, displacing, and/or sequestering GHG emissions or helping others to do so. The Manager’s investment process is designed to identify both “reducers” and “facilitators” for inclusion in the Fund’s portfolio. Companies identified as “reducers”, i.e., those reducing, displacing, and/or sequestering their own GHG emissions, are willing and able to make reductions in their absolute GHG emissions. Within these “reducer” companies, Manager gives preference to companies that are able to demonstrate a commitment to help remain on a transition pathway towards the goals of the United Nations Climate Change Paris Agreement of 2015 (“Paris Agreement”) by 2050. Companies identified by the Manager as “facilitators”, i.e., those helping others reduce emissions, offer products and/or services that help reduce GHG emissions primarily through displacement and/or sequestration.

Progress towards the impact component of the Fund’s investment objective will be measured annually and a discussion of the progress will be included in its annual shareholder report. Those discussions will address the GHG emissions reduction efforts of the companies that the Fund considers “reducers” and also will address the progress of the companies the Fund considers “facilitators” toward implementing and commercializing products and services that are meant to contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions. Achievement of the impact component of the Fund’s investment objective is dependent upon companies’ ability to deliver on their stated emissions reduction goals through either their own actions and/or the products and services offered to others. Lack of capital, technological failure, changes in management goals, and regulatory restrictions are among the factors that may hinder the attainment of the impact objectives. The ability of the Fund to measure a company’s progress as a reducer or facilitator is, to a significant extent, contingent on the information disclosed by the company.

Data on emissions is sourced from company web sites, corporate sustainability reports, and third-party sources such as non-governmental organizations, sell-side research, and, on a limited basis. ESG data providers. For “reducers,” the Manager will source the most recent reported Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions. To estimate a company’s emission reduction by 2030, the Manager will subtract current emissions from estimated emissions by 2030. Estimated emissions are sourced from company-disclosed targets and/or estimates from the Transition Pathway Initiative, which is a global, asset-owner led initiative that assesses companies' preparedness for the transition to a low carbon economy. Some company-level emission estimates will be calculated by applying forecasted changes in carbon intensity on a percentage basis and applying that change to a base level of emissions. For “facilitators,” measurement is based on annual estimated GHG emissions saved in comparison to existing higher GHG-emitting alternatives. Because company GHG emissions data are not standardized (and are further subject to estimation error when not company-reported), the data sets the Manager must rely on may imperfectly represent companies’ true GHG emissions. Additionally, the company emissions targets that the Manager sets are based on model assumptions and estimations that carry the inherent risk associated with any modeling or estimating process.

From this universe of companies identified pursuant to the process described above, companies with perceived superior risk-adjusted returns are selected. This selection process includes cash flow, earnings and net asset value analysis combined with a strong financial profile and balance sheet. The Manager will also review a company’s corporate governance, shareholder alignment and capital allocation.

24


 

The Manager may permit its affiliate, Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL), to execute Fund security trades on behalf of the Manager. The Manager may also seek quantitative support from MIMGL.

What are the principal risks of investing in the Fund?

Investing in any mutual fund involves the risk that you may lose part or all of the money you invest. Over time, the value of your investment in the Fund will increase and decrease according to changes in the value of the securities in the Fund’s portfolio. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors. The Fund’s principal risks include:

Climate change investment focus risk — The Fund’s focus on securities of issuers that seek to reduce, displace and/or sequestor GHG emissions or help other to do so may affect the Fund's exposure to certain sectors or types of investments. The Fund’s relative investment performance may also be impacted depending on whether such sectors or investments are in or out of favor with the market. Certain investments may be dependent on U.S. and foreign government policies, including tax incentives and subsidies, as well as on political support for certain environmental initiatives and developments affecting companies focused on sustainable energy and climate change solutions generally.

ESG risk — Using ESG criteria in the investment process may exclude certain companies for non-investment reasons and, therefore, the Fund may forgo some market opportunities available to funds that do not use ESG factors. In addition, because company GHG emissions data are not standardized (and are further subject to estimation error when not company-reported), the data sets the Fund must rely on may imperfectly represent companies’ true GHG emissions. Also, the company emissions targets that the Manager sets are based on model assumptions and estimations that carry the inherent risk associated with any modeling or estimating process.

Market risk — The risk that all or a majority of the securities in a certain market — such as the stock or bond market — will decline in value because of factors such as adverse political or economic conditions, future expectations, investor confidence, or heavy institutional selling.

Nondiversification risk — A nondiversified portfolio has the flexibility to invest as much as 50% of its assets in as few as two issuers with no single issuer accounting for more than 25% of the portfolio. The remaining 50% of its assets must be diversified so that no more than 5% of its assets are invested in the securities of a single issuer. Because a nondiversified portfolio may invest its assets in fewer issuers, the value of its shares may increase or decrease more rapidly than if it were fully diversified.

Concentration risk — The risk that a concentration in a particular industry will cause a portfolio to be more exposed to developments affecting that single industry or industry group than a more broadly diversified portfolio would be. A portfolio could experience greater volatility or may perform poorly during a downturn in the industry or industry group because it may be more susceptible to economic, regulatory, political, legal and other risks associated with those industries than a fund that invests more broadly.

Energy sector risk — The investment risks associated with investing in energy securities may include price fluctuation caused by real and perceived inflationary trends and political developments, the cost assumed in complying with environmental safety regulations, changing demand for different types of energy, changes in methods for conserving energy, the uncertain success rates for exploration projects, tax and other governmental regulations, and other risks associated with generating or distributing energy.

Initial public offering (IPO) risk — The risk that any positive effect of investments in IPOs may not be sustainable because of a number of factors. Namely, a portfolio may not be able to buy shares in some IPOs, or may be able to buy only a small number of shares. Also, the performance of IPOs generally is volatile, and is dependent on market psychology and economic conditions. To the extent that IPOs have a significant positive impact on a portfolio’s performance, this may not be able to be replicated in the future. The relative performance impact of IPOs also is likely to decline as a portfolio grows.

Liquidity risk — The possibility that investments cannot be readily sold within seven calendar days at approximately the price at which a portfolio has valued them.

Foreign and emerging markets risk — The risk that foreign securities (particularly in emerging markets) may be adversely affected by political instability, changes in currency exchange rates, inefficient markets and higher transaction costs, foreign economic conditions, the imposition of economic or trade sanctions, or inadequate or different regulatory and accounting standards.

Foreign currency exchange transactions and forward foreign currency contracts risk — The risk that a portfolio’s use of foreign currency exchange transactions and forward foreign currency contracts to hedge certain market risks (such as interest rates, currency exchange rates and broad or specific market movement) may increase the possibility of default by the counterparty to the transaction and, to the extent the Manager's judgment as to certain market movements is incorrect, the risk of losses that are greater than if the investment technique had not been used.

25


 

Fund summaries

Currency risk — The risk that fluctuations in exchange rates between the US dollar and foreign currencies and between various foreign currencies may cause the value of an investment to decline.

Government and regulatory risk — The risk that governments or regulatory authorities may take actions that could adversely affect various sectors of the securities markets and affect fund performance.

Active management and selection risk — The risk that the securities selected by a portfolio’s management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other portfolios with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.

None of the entities noted in this document is an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and the obligations of these entities do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (Macquarie Bank). Macquarie Bank does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of these entities. In addition, if this document relates to an investment (a) each investor is subject to investment risk including possible delays in repayment and loss of income and principal invested and (b) none of Macquarie Bank or any other Macquarie Group company guarantees any particular rate of return on or the performance of the investment, nor do they guarantee repayment of capital in respect of the investment.

How has Delaware Climate Solutions Fund performed?

The bar chart and table below provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual total returns for the 1-, 5-, and 10-year or lifetime periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance. On April 30, 2021, the Fund became part of Delaware Funds by Macquarie​® and Delaware Management Company became the Fund’s investment manager. The returns shown from before April 30, 2021 are from the Fund’s prior investment manager. Effective November 15, 2021, the Fund changed its investment strategy; subsequently, effective July 29, 2022, the Fund repositioned into a climate solutions fund. Performance prior to July 29, 2022 reflects the Fund’s former strategies; its performance may have differed if the Fund’s current strategy had been in place. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how it will perform in the future. The returns reflect any expense caps in effect during these periods. The returns would be lower without the expense caps. You may obtain the Fund’s most recently available month-end performance by calling 800 523-1918 or by visiting our website at delawarefunds.com/performance.

Calendar year-by-year total return (Class A)

As of June 30, 2023, the Fund’s Class A shares had a calendar year-to-date return of -2.72%. During the periods illustrated in this bar chart, Class A’s highest quarterly return was 38.84% for the quarter ended December 31, 2020, and its lowest quarterly return was -61.54% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The maximum Class A sales charge of 5.75%, which is normally deducted when you purchase shares, is not reflected in the highest/lowest quarterly returns or in the bar chart. If this fee were included, the returns would be less than those shown. The average annual total returns in the table below do include the sales charge.

26


 

Average annual total returns for periods ended December 31, 2022

                   

 

1 year

 

5 years

 

10 years or lifetime

 
Class A return before taxes

 

 

33.17%

   

-4.41%

   

-2.05%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions

 

 

32.65%

   

-4.65%

   

-2.18%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares

 

 

20.02%

   

-3.34%

   

-1.55%

 
Class C return before taxes

 

 

39.12%

   

-3.99%

   

-2.00%

 
Class I return before taxes

 

 

41.67%

   

-2.92%

   

-1.10%

 
Class R6 return before taxes (lifetime: 7/31/14-12/31/22)

 

 

41.70%

   

-2.89%

   

-5.49%

 
Class R return before taxes

 

 

40.90%

   

-3.61%

   

-1.74%

 
Class Y return before taxes

 

 

41.18%

   

-3.26%

   

-1.40%

 
MSCI ACWI Investable Markets Index (net) (reflects no deduction for fees or expenses)

 

 

-18.40%

   

4.96%

   

7.94%

 
MSCI ACWI Investable Markets Index (gross) (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes)

 

 

-18.00%

   

5.48%

   

8.49%

 

After-tax performance is presented only for Class A shares of the Fund. The after-tax returns for other Fund classes may vary. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s individual tax situation and may differ from the returns shown. After-tax returns are not relevant for shares held in tax-advantaged investment vehicles such as employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown are calculated using the highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect during the periods presented and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes.

Who manages the Fund?

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company, a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (a Delaware statutory trust)

Portfolio managers

Title with Delaware Management Company

Start date on the Fund

Samuel Halpert

Managing Director, Chief Investment Officer — Global Natural Resources Equity

November 2021

Geoffrey King, CFA

Senior Vice President, Portfolio Manager

November 2021

Barry Gladstein, CFA

Managing Director, Head of Sustainable Investing

July 2022

Barry Klein, CFA

Senior Vice President, Portfolio Manager — Global Listed Infrastructure Securities

July 2022

Sub-advisor

Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL)

Purchase and redemption of Fund shares

You may purchase or redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open for business (Business Day). Shares may be purchased or redeemed: through your financial intermediary; through the Fund’s website at delawarefunds.com/account-access; by calling 800 523-1918; by regular mail (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie​®, P.O. Box 534437, Pittsburgh, PA 15253-4437); by overnight courier service (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie Service Center, Attention: 534437, 500 Ross Street, 154-0520, Pittsburgh, PA 15262); or by wire.

For Class A and Class C shares, the minimum initial investment is generally $1,000 and subsequent investments can be made for as little as $100. The minimum initial investment for IRAs, Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act accounts, direct deposit purchase plans, and automatic investment plans is $250 and through Coverdell Education Savings Accounts is $500, and subsequent investments in these accounts can be made for as little as $25. For Class R, Class I, Class Y, and Class R6 shares (except those shares purchased through an automatic investment plan), there is no minimum initial purchase requirement, but certain eligibility requirements must be met. The eligibility requirements are described in this Prospectus under “Choosing a share class” and on the Fund’s website. We may reduce or waive the minimums or eligibility requirements in certain cases.

Please refer to the Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information for more details regarding the purchase and sale of Fund shares.

27


 

Fund summaries

Tax information

The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, capital gains, or some combination of both, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA, in which case your distributions may be taxed as ordinary income when withdrawn from the tax-advantaged account.

Payments to broker/dealers and other financial intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker/dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker/dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

28


 

Delaware Global Value Equity Fund, a series of Ivy Funds

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Global Value Equity Fund seeks to provide total return through a combination of current income and capital appreciation.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.70%

   

0.70%

   

0.70%

   

0.70%

   

0.70%

   

0.70%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.38%

   

0.57%

   

0.23%

   

0.13%

   

0.28%

   

0.24%

 
Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.33%

   

2.27%

   

0.93%

   

0.83%

   

1.48%

   

1.19%

 
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

(0.16%)

2

 

(0.35%)

2

 

(0.01%)

2

 

(0.08%)

2

 

(0.06%)

2

 

(0.02%)

2

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

1.17%

   

1.92%

   

0.92%

   

0.75%

   

1.42%

   

1.17%

 

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has contractually agreed to waive all or a portion of fees and/or pay/reimburse expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale dividend and interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 0.92% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for all classes other than Class R6, and 0.75% of the Fund’s Class R6 shares’ average daily net assets, from July 31, 2023 through July 30, 2024. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and reflects the applicable expense waivers and reimbursements for the 1-year contractual period and the total operating expenses without waivers for years 2 through 10. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$687

   

$195

   

$295

   

$94

   

$77

   

$145

   

$119

 
3 years

 

 

$957

   

$676

   

$676

   

$295

   

$257

   

$462

   

$376

 
5 years

 

 

$1,247

   

$1,183

   

$1,183

   

$514

   

$453

   

$802

   

$652

 
10 years

 

 

$2,071

   

$2,578

   

$2,578

   

$1,142

   

$1,018

   

$1,763

   

$1,441

 

29


 

Fund summaries

Portfolio turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in the annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 25% of the average value of its portfolio.

What are the Fund’s principal investment strategies?

Delaware Global Value Equity Fund seeks to achieve its objective by investing in equity securities that are issued by companies of any size located largely in developed markets around the world that Delaware Management Company (Manager), the Fund’s investment manager, believes will be able to generate a reasonable level of current income for investors given current market conditions, and that demonstrate favorable prospects for total return. The Fund focuses on companies that the Manager believes have the ability to maintain and/or grow their dividends while providing capital appreciation over the long term. The Fund is nondiversified, meaning that it may invest a significant portion of its total assets in a limited number of issuers.

Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets in equity securities. Although the Fund invests primarily in large-capitalization companies, it may invest in companies of any size. Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 40% (or, if the Manager deems it warranted by market conditions, at least 30%) of its total assets in securities of non-US issuers. The Fund may invest in US and non-US issuers, including issuers located in emerging market countries, and may invest up to 100% of its total assets in foreign securities. The Fund will focus its investments in the consumer staples industry. The consumer staples industry consists of companies that are involved in areas such as the production, manufacture, distribution, or sale of, consumer goods and services that have non-cyclical characteristics, such as food and beverage, household goods, personal products, and non-discretionary retail.

In selecting securities for the Fund, the Manager uses a company-specific stock selection process. The Manager seeks to identify higher-quality companies that it believes are reasonably valued, have a strong likelihood of maintaining and/or growing their dividends, and have a relatively stable to improving fundamental outlook, relative to market expectations.

The investment process is bottom-up, research-driven. The aim is to produce attractive risk-adjusted long-term returns by investing in understandable, quality businesses with mispriced earnings power. Understandable and quality businesses are reasonably straightforward and void of excessive complexity, excessive debt, and relative margin instability. Mispricings occur when shorter-term market fluctuations lead to a discount between a stock’s price and its fair value. Fair value is derived from such factors as the long term sales and future earnings potential of a business. Stock selection rests on an assessment of each company and its risk-return profile. Research is centered on understanding the nature and sustainability of how the company creates value, including the associated risks. Businesses identified as attractive are likely to display one or more of these favorable characteristics: solid earnings power and free cash flow generation, sustainable business models and competitive advantages, the ability to reinvest at rates above the cost of capital, flexibility to restructure inefficiencies, potential to benefit from consolidation within their industries, and the ability to gain market share from competitors. An estimate for long term earnings power is derived in order to calculate the fair value of a company. To compensate for unpredictable risks, the team aims to invest in companies that can be bought within an adequate safety margin to the estimated fair value. The portfolio managers strive to purchase stocks at a discount to what they deem to be fair value. The discount effectively provides a cushion to absorb potential stock price depreciation due to such factors as unexpected negative shifts in currency values and/or economic instability. Screening is a method used for idea generation. A typical screen may exclude stocks under a certain market cap and then further applying numerous valuation, quality, and growth metrics hurdles that would effectively reduce the universe further. Survivors would become candidates for fundamental research whereas in-depth analysis occurs to ultimately determine the attractiveness of a stock for potential portfolio admission.

Generally, in determining whether to sell a security, the Manager uses the same type of analysis that it uses in buying securities of that type. For example, the Manager may sell a security if it believes the security no longer offers attractive current income prospects or significant growth potential, if it believes the management of the company has weakened, and/or there exists political or economic instability in the issuer’s country. The Manager also may sell a security to reduce the Fund’s holding in that security, to take advantage of what it believes are more attractive investment opportunities or to raise cash.

The Manager may permit its affiliate, Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL), to execute Fund security trades on behalf of the Manager. The Manager may also seek quantitative support from MIMGL.

What are the principal risks of investing in the Fund?

Investing in any mutual fund involves the risk that you may lose part or all of the money you invest. Over time, the value of your investment in the Fund will increase and decrease according to changes in the value of the securities in the Fund’s portfolio. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors. The Fund’s principal risks include:

30


 

Market risk — The risk that all or a majority of the securities in a certain market — such as the stock or bond market — will decline in value because of factors such as adverse political or economic conditions, future expectations, investor confidence, or heavy institutional selling.

Large-capitalization company risk — Large-capitalization companies tend to be less volatile than companies with smaller market capitalizations. This potentially lower risk means that the Fund’s share price may not rise as much as the share prices of funds that focus on smaller-capitalization companies.

Foreign risk — The risk that foreign securities (particularly in emerging markets) may be adversely affected by political instability, changes in currency exchange rates, inefficient markets and higher transaction costs, foreign economic conditions, the imposition of economic or trade sanctions, or inadequate or different regulatory and accounting standards.

Currency risk — The risk that fluctuations in exchange rates between the US dollar and foreign currencies and between various foreign currencies may cause the value of an investment to decline.

Value stock risk — The risk that the value of a security believed by the Manager to be undervalued may never reach what is believed to be its full value; such security’s value may decrease or such security may be appropriately priced. Value stocks are stocks of companies that may have experienced adverse business or industry developments or may be subject to special risks that have caused the stocks to be out of favor and, in the opinion of the Manager, undervalued.

Small- and mid-market capitalization company risk — The risk that investments in small- and/or medium-sized companies may be more volatile than those of larger companies because of limited financial resources or dependence on narrow product lines.

Emerging markets risk — The risk associated with international investing will be greater in emerging markets than in more developed foreign markets because, among other things, emerging markets may have less stable political and economic environments. In addition, there often is substantially less publicly available information about issuers and such information tends to be of a lesser quality. Economic markets and structures tend to be less mature and diverse and the securities markets may also be smaller, less liquid, and subject to greater price volatility.

Industry and sector risk — The risk that the value of securities in a particular industry or sector (such as consumer staples) will decline because of changing expectations for the performance of that industry or sector.

Consumer staples sector risk — Companies in the consumer staples sector may be adversely affected by changes in the worldwide economy, world events, government regulation, environmental factors, consumer confidence, consumer spending, marketing, competition, demographics and consumer preferences, product trends, and production spending. Companies in this sector are also affected by natural and man-made disasters and political, social, or labor unrest that affect production and distribution of consumer staple products.

Concentration risk — The risk that a concentration in a particular industry will cause a fund to be more exposed to developments affecting that single industry or industry group than a more broadly diversified fund would be. A fund could experience greater volatility or may perform poorly during a downturn in the industry or industry group because it is more susceptible to the economic, regulatory, political, legal and other risks associated with those industries than a fund that invests more broadly.

Nondiversification risk — A nondiversified fund has the flexibility to invest as much as 50% of its assets in as few as two issuers with no single issuer accounting for more than 25% of the fund. The remaining 50% of its assets must be diversified so that no more than 5% of its assets are invested in the securities of a single issuer. Because a nondiversified fund may invest its assets in fewer issuers, the value of its shares may increase or decrease more rapidly than if it were fully diversified.

Liquidity risk — The possibility that investments cannot be readily sold within seven calendar days at approximately the price at which a fund has valued them.

Limited number of securities risk — The possibility that a single security’s increase or decrease in value may have a greater impact on a fund’s value and total return because the fund may hold larger positions in fewer securities than other funds. In addition, a fund that holds a limited number of securities may be more volatile than those funds that hold a greater number of securities.

IBOR risk — The risk that changes related to the use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) or similar interbank offered rates (“IBORs,” such as the Euro Overnight Index Average (EONIA)) could have adverse impacts on financial instruments that reference LIBOR or a similar rate. While some instruments may contemplate a scenario where LIBOR or a similar rate is no longer available by providing for an alternative rate setting methodology, not all instruments have such fallback provisions and the effectiveness of replacement rates is uncertain. The abandonment of LIBOR and similar rates could affect the value and liquidity of instruments that reference such rates, especially those that do not have fallback provisions. The use of alternative reference rate products may impact investment strategy performance.

31


 

Fund summaries

Active management and selection risk — The risk that the securities selected by a fund’s management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other funds with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.

None of the entities noted in this document is an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and the obligations of these entities do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (Macquarie Bank). Macquarie Bank does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of these entities. In addition, if this document relates to an investment (a) each investor is subject to investment risk including possible delays in repayment and loss of income and principal invested and (b) none of Macquarie Bank or any other Macquarie Group company guarantees any particular rate of return on or the performance of the investment, nor do they guarantee repayment of capital in respect of the investment.

How has Delaware Global Value Equity Fund performed?

The bar chart and table below provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing changes in the Fund’s performance from year to year and by showing how the Fund’s average annual total returns for the 1-, 5-year, and 10-year or lifetime periods compare with those of a broad measure of market performance. On April 30, 2021, the Fund became part of Delaware Funds by Macquarie​® and Delaware Management Company became the Fund’s investment manager. The returns shown from before April 30, 2021 are from the Fund’s prior investment manager. Effective November 15, 2021, the Fund changed its investment strategy. Performance prior to November 15, 2021 reflects the Fund’s former strategy; its performance may have differed if the Fund’s current strategy had been in place. The Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how it will perform in the future. The returns reflect any expense caps in effect during these periods. The returns would be lower without the expense caps. You may obtain the Fund’s most recently available month-end performance by calling 800 523-1918 or by visiting our website at delawarefunds.com/performance.

Calendar year-by-year total return (Class A)

As of June 30, 2023, the Fund’s Class A shares had a calendar year-to-date return of 14.34%. During the periods illustrated in this bar chart, Class A’s highest quarterly return was 16.79% for the quarter ended December 31, 2022, and its lowest quarterly return was -24.46% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The maximum Class A sales charge of 5.75%, which is normally deducted when you purchase shares, is not reflected in the highest/lowest quarterly returns or in the bar chart. If this fee were included, the returns would be less than those shown. The average annual total returns in the table below do include the sales charge.

32


 

Average annual total returns for periods ended December 31, 2022

                   

 

1 year

 

5 years

 

10 Years or Lifetime

 
Class A return before taxes

 

 

-16.51%

   

2.23%

   

5.62%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions

 

 

-25.03%

   

-1.46%

   

3.14%

 
Class A return after taxes on distributions and sale of Fund shares

 

 

-4.53%

   

1.39%

   

4.17%

 
Class C return before taxes

 

 

-12.69%

   

2.65%

   

5.68%

 
Class I return before taxes

 

 

-11.16%

   

3.76%

   

6.61%

 
Class R6 return before taxes (lifetime: 7/31/14-12/31/22)

 

 

-11.09%

   

3.88%

   

5.00%

 
Class R return before taxes

 

 

-11.65%

   

3.14%

   

5.95%

 
Class Y return before taxes

 

 

-11.42%

   

3.48%

   

6.33%

 
MSCI World Index (net) (reflects no deduction for fees or expenses)

 

 

-18.14%

   

6.14%

   

8.85%

 

After-tax performance is presented only for Class A shares of the Fund. The after-tax returns for other Fund classes may vary. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s individual tax situation and may differ from the returns shown. After-tax returns are not relevant for shares held in tax-advantaged investment vehicles such as employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown are calculated using the highest individual federal marginal income tax rates in effect during the periods presented and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes.

Who manages the Fund?

Investment manager

Delaware Management Company, a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (a Delaware statutory trust)

Portfolio managers

Title with Delaware Management Company

Start date on the Fund

Aditya Kapoor, CFA

Managing Director, Senior Portfolio Manager

August 2023

Charles John, CFA

Managing Director, Senior Portfolio Manager

August 2023

Sub-advisor

Macquarie Investment Management Global Limited (MIMGL)

Purchase and redemption of Fund shares

You may purchase or redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open for business (Business Day). Shares may be purchased or redeemed: through your financial intermediary; through the Fund’s website at delawarefunds.com/account-access; by calling 800 523-1918; by regular mail (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie​®, P.O. Box 534437, Pittsburgh, PA 15253-4437); by overnight courier service (c/o Delaware Funds by Macquarie Service Center, Attention: 534437, 500 Ross Street, 154-0520, Pittsburgh, PA 15262); or by wire.

For Class A and Class C shares, the minimum initial investment is generally $1,000 and subsequent investments can be made for as little as $100. The minimum initial investment for IRAs, Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act accounts, direct deposit purchase plans, and automatic investment plans is $250 and through Coverdell Education Savings Accounts is $500, and subsequent investments in these accounts can be made for as little as $25. For Class R, Class I, Class Y, and Class R6 shares (except those shares purchased through an automatic investment plan), there is no minimum initial purchase requirement, but certain eligibility requirements must be met. The eligibility requirements are described in this Prospectus under “Choosing a share class” and on the Fund’s website. We may reduce or waive the minimums or eligibility requirements in certain cases.

Please refer to the Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information for more details regarding the purchase and sale of Fund shares.

Tax information

The Fund’s distributions generally are taxable to you as ordinary income, capital gains, or some combination of both, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA, in which case your distributions may be taxed as ordinary income when withdrawn from the tax-advantaged account.

33


 

Fund summaries

Payments to broker/dealers and other financial intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker/dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker/dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

34


 

Delaware Ivy Global Growth Fund, a series of Ivy Funds

What is the Fund’s investment objective?

Delaware Ivy Global Growth Fund seeks to provide growth of capital.

What are the Fund’s fees and expenses?

The table below describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the tables and examples below. You may qualify for sales-charge discounts if you and your family invest, or agree to invest in the future, at least $50,000 in Delaware Funds by Macquarie. More information about these and other discounts is available from your financial intermediary, in the Fund’s Prospectus under the section entitled “About your account,” and in the Fund’s statement of additional information (SAI) under the section entitled “Purchasing Shares.”

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on purchases as a percentage of offering price

 

 

5.75%

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 
Maximum contingent deferred sales charge (load) as a percentage of original purchase price or redemption price, whichever is lower

 

 

none

 

1.00%

1

 

none

   

none

   

none

   

none

 

Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

                                     

Class

A

C

I

R6

R

Y

Management fees

 

 

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

   

0.85%

 
Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

 

 

0.25%

   

1.00%

   

none

   

none

   

0.50%

   

0.25%

 
Other expenses

 

 

0.29%

   

0.66%

   

0.18%

   

0.15%

   

0.22%

   

0.22%

 
Total annual fund operating expenses

 

 

1.39%

   

2.51%

   

1.03%

   

1.00%

   

1.57%

   

1.32%

 
Fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

(0.22%)

2

 

(0.59%)

2

 

(0.11%)

2

 

(0.19%)

2

 

(0.15%)

2

 

(0.15%)

2

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements

 

 

1.17%

   

1.92%

   

0.92%

   

0.81%

   

1.42%

   

1.17%

 

 

1

For Class A shares, a 1% contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) is only imposed on certain Class A shares that are purchased at net asset value (NAV) for $1 million or more that are subsequently redeemed within 18 months of purchase. For Class C shares, a 1% CDSC applies to redemptions within 12 months of purchase.

2

The Fund’s investment manager, Delaware Management Company (Manager), has contractually agreed to waive all or a portion of fees and/or pay/reimburse expenses (excluding any 12b-1 fees, acquired fund fees and expenses, taxes, interest, short sale dividend and interest expenses, brokerage fees, certain insurance costs, and nonroutine expenses or costs, including, but not limited to, those relating to reorganizations, litigation, conducting shareholder meetings, and liquidations) in order to prevent total annual fund operating expenses from exceeding 0.92% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for all classes other than Class R6, and 0.81% of the Fund’s Class R6 shares’ average daily net assets, from July 31, 2023 through July 30, 2024. These waivers and reimbursements may only be terminated by agreement of the Manager and the Fund.

Example

This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. In addition, the example shows expenses for Class C shares, assuming those shares were not redeemed at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and reflects the applicable expense waivers and reimbursements for the 1-year contractual period and the total operating expenses without waivers for years 2 through 10. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

                                           

Class

A

(if not
redeemed)
C

C

I

R6

R

Y

1 year

 

 

$687

   

$195