Report of Foreign Private Issuer

 

Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16 of

the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

1 November 2017

 

Commission file number: 001-10306

 

 

 Form 6-K

 

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc

 

 

Gogarburn

PO Box 1000

Edinburgh EH12 1HQ

Scotland

United Kingdom

 

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

 

Form 20-F  X                                              Form 40-F     

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):__

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):__

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

Yes                                                                 No  X  

 

If "Yes" is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to

the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b): 82-             

 

This report on Form 6-K shall be deemed incorporated by reference into the company’s Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File Nos. 333-203157 and 333-203157-01) and to be a part thereof from the date on which this report is filed, to the extent not superseded by documents or reports subsequently filed or furnished.

 

 


 

 

Forward-looking statements

 

Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements

Certain sections in this document contain ‘forward-looking statements’ as that term is defined in the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, such as statements that include the words ‘expect’, ‘estimate’, ‘project’, ‘anticipate’, ‘commit’, ‘believe’, ‘should’, ‘intend’, ‘plan’, ‘could’, ‘probability’, ‘risk’, ‘Value-at-Risk (VaR)’, ‘target’, ‘goal’, ‘objective’, ‘may’, ‘endeavour’, ‘outlook’, ‘optimistic’, ‘prospects’ and similar expressions or variations on these expressions.

 

In particular, this document includes forward-looking statements relating, but not limited to: future profitability and performance, including financial performance targets such as return on tangible equity; cost savings and targets, including cost:income ratios; litigation and government and regulatory investigations, including the timing and financial and other impacts thereof; structural reform and the implementation of the UK ring-fencing regime; the implementation of RBS’s transformation programme, including the further restructuring of the NatWest Markets business; the satisfaction of the Group’s residual EU State Aid obligations; the continuation of RBS’s balance sheet reduction programme, including the reduction of risk-weighted assets (RWAs) and the timing thereof; capital and strategic plans and targets; capital, liquidity and leverage ratios and requirements, including CET1 Ratio, RWA equivalents (RWAe), Pillar 2 and other regulatory buffer requirements, minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities, and other funding plans; funding and credit risk profile; capitalisation; portfolios; net interest margin; customer loan and income growth; the level and extent of future impairments and write-downs, including with respect to goodwill; restructuring and remediation costs and charges; future pension contributions; RBS’s exposure to political risks, operational risk, conduct risk, cyber and IT risk and credit rating risk and to various types of market risks, including as interest rate risk, foreign exchange rate risk and commodity and equity price risk; customer experience including our Net Promotor Score (NPS); employee engagement and gender balance in leadership positions.

 

Limitations inherent to forward-looking statements

These statements are based on current plans, estimates, targets and projections, and are subject to significant inherent risks, uncertainties and other factors, both external and relating to the Group’s strategy or operations, which may result in the Group being unable to achieve the current targets, predictions, expectations and other anticipated outcomes expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. In addition certain of these disclosures are dependent on choices relying on key model characteristics and assumptions and are subject to various limitations, including assumptions and estimates made by management. By their nature, certain of these disclosures are only estimates and, as a result, actual future gains and losses could differ materially from those that have been estimated. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date we make them and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the Group’s expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

 

Important factors that could affect the actual outcome of the forward-looking statements

We caution you that a large number of important factors could adversely affect our results or our ability to implement our strategy, cause us to fail to meet our targets, predictions, expectations and other anticipated outcomes or affect the accuracy of forward-looking statements we describe in this document, including in the risk factors and other uncertainties set out in the Group’s 2016 Annual Report on Form 20-F and other materials filed with, or furnished to, the US Securities and Exchange Commission, and other risk factors and uncertainties discussed in this document. These include the significant risks for RBS presented by the outcomes of the legal, regulatory and governmental actions and investigations that RBS is or may be subject to (including active civil and criminal investigations) and any resulting material adverse effect on RBS of unfavourable outcomes and the timing thereof (including where resolved by settlement); economic, regulatory and political risks, including as may result from the uncertainty arising from the vote to leave in the EU Referendum and from the outcome of general elections in the UK and changes in government policies; RBS’s ability to satisfy its residual EU State Aid obligations and the timing thereof; RBS’s ability to successfully implement the significant and complex restructuring required to be undertaken in order to implement the UK ring-fencing regime and related costs; RBS’s ability to successfully implement the various initiatives that are comprised in its transformation programme, particularly the proposed further restructuring of the NatWest Markets business, the balance sheet reduction programme and its significant cost-saving initiatives and whether RBS will be a viable, competitive, customer focused and profitable bank especially after its restructuring and the implementation of the UK ring-fencing regime; the exposure of RBS to cyber-attacks and its ability to defend against such attacks; RBS’s ability to achieve its capital and leverage requirements or targets which will depend in part on RBS’s success in reducing the size of its business and future profitability as well as developments which may impact its CET1 capital including additional litigation or conduct costs, additional pension contributions, further impairments or accounting changes; ineffective management of capital or changes to regulatory requirements relating to capital adequacy and liquidity or failure to pass mandatory stress tests; RBS’s ability to access sufficient sources of capital, liquidity and funding when required; changes in the credit ratings of RBS, RBS entities or the UK government; declining revenues resulting from lower customer retention and revenue generation in light of RBS’s strategic refocus on the UK; as well as increasing competition from new incumbents and disruptive technologies.

1

 


 

 

Forward-looking statements

 

In addition, there are other risks and uncertainties that could adversely affect our results, ability to implement our strategy, cause us to fail to meet our targets or the accuracy of forward-looking statements in this document. These include operational risks that are inherent to RBS’s business and will increase as a result of RBS’s significant restructuring initiatives being concurrently implemented; the potential negative impact on RBS’s business of global economic and financial market conditions and other global risks, including risks arising out of geopolitical events and political developments; the impact of a prolonged period of low interest rates or unanticipated turbulence in interest rates, yield curves, foreign currency exchange rates, credit spreads, bond prices, commodity prices, equity prices; basis, volatility and correlation risks; the extent of future write-downs and impairment charges caused by depressed asset valuations; deteriorations in borrower and counterparty credit quality; heightened regulatory and governmental scrutiny and the increasingly regulated environment in which RBS operates as well as divergences in regulatory requirements in the jurisdictions in which RBS operates; the risks relating to RBS’s IT systems or a failure to protect itself and its customers against cyber threats, reputational risks; risks relating to increased pension liabilities and the impact of pension risk on RBS’s capital position; risks relating to the failure to embed and maintain a robust conduct and risk culture across the organisation or if its risk management framework is ineffective; RBS’s ability to attract and retain qualified personnel; limitations on, or additional requirements imposed on, RBS’s activities as a result of HM Treasury’s investment in RBS; the value and effectiveness of any credit protection purchased by RBS; risks relating to the reliance on valuation, capital and stress test models and any inaccuracies resulting therefrom or failure to accurately reflect changes in the micro and macroeconomic environment in which RBS operates, risks relating to changes in applicable accounting policies or rules which may impact the preparation of RBS’s financial statements or adversely impact its capital position; the impact of the recovery and resolution framework and other prudential rules to which RBS is subject; the recoverability of deferred tax assets by the Group; and the success of RBS in managing the risks involved in the foregoing.

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this document speak only as at the date hereof, and RBS does not assume or undertake any obligation or responsibility to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

The information, statements and opinions contained in this document do not constitute a public offer under any applicable legislation or an offer to sell or solicit of any offer to buy any securities or financial instruments or any advice or recommendation with respect to such securities or other financial instruments.

2

 


 

 

Introduction

 

Presentation of information

In this document, ‘RBSG plc’ or the ‘parent company’ refers to The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc, and ‘RBS’ or the ‘Group’ refers to RBSG plc and its subsidiaries.

Statutory results

Financial information contained in this document does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434 of the Companies Act 2006 (‘the Act’). The statutory accounts for the year ended 31 December 2016 have been filed with the Registrar of Companies. The report of the auditor on those statutory accounts was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of emphasis and did not contain a statement under section 498(2) or (3) of the Act.

 

In this document Williams & Glyn refers to the business formerly intended to be divested as a separate legal entity, which continues to be reported as a separate operating segment. 

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated income statement, condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income, consolidated balance sheet, consolidated statement of changes in equity and related notes presented on pages 20 to 26 inclusive are presented on a statutory basis as described above.

 

Non-GAAP financial information

As described in Note 1 on page 24, RBS prepares its financial statements in accordance with IFRS as issued by the IASB which constitutes a body of generally accepted accounting principles (‘GAAP’). This document contains a number of non-GAAP (or non-IFRS) financial measures. A non-GAAP financial measure is defined as one that measures historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows but which excludes or includes amounts that would not be so adjusted in the most comparable GAAP measure.

 

The non-GAAP financial measures used in this document generally exclude certain items which management believe are not representative of the underlying performance of the business and which distort period-on-period comparison. These measures are used internally by management, in conjunction with IFRS financial measures, to measure performance and make decisions regarding the future direction of the business. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures, when provided in combination with reported IFRS results, provide helpful supplementary information for investors. These adjusted measures, derived from the reported results are non-IFRS financial measures but are not a substitute to IFRS reported measures.

 

The main non-GAAP measures used in this document include:

‘Adjusted’ financial measures of financial performance, principally operating profit, operating expenses, total income and other performance measures before: own credit adjustments; gain or loss on redemption of own debt; strategic disposals, restructuring costs and litigation and conduct costs;

Certain performance ratios based on the adjusted performance measures described above, including the adjusted cost:income ratio (calculated using adjusted operating income and costs), adjusted return on equity ratio (calculated using adjusted operating profit) and the 2017 cost saving progress and targets (calculated using operating expenses excluding litigation and conduct costs, restructuring costs and the VAT recoveries);

Personal & Business Banking (PBB) franchise results, combining the reportable segments of UK Personal & Business Banking (UK PBB) and Ulster Bank RoI, Commercial & Private Banking (CPB) franchise results, combining the reportable segments of Commercial Banking, Private Banking and RBS International (RBSI) and ‘core businesses’ results combining PBB, CPB and NatWest Markets results which are presented to provide investors with a summary of the Group’s business performance; and

 

Reconciliations of these non-GAAP measures to the closest equivalent GAAP measure are presented throughout this document and in the Segmental income statement reconciliations on pages 10 to 12.

3

 


 

 

Introduction

 

Key operating indicators

This document includes a number of operational metrics which management believes may be helpful to investors in understanding the Group’s business, including the Group’s position against its own targets. These metrics include performance, funding and credit metrics such as ‘return on tangible equity’ and related RWA equivalents incorporating the effect of capital deductions (RWAes), total assets excluding derivatives (funded assets) and net interest margin (NIM) adjusted for items designated at fair value through profit or loss (non-statutory NIM), cost:income ratio, loan:deposit ratio and REIL/impairment provision ratios. These are internal metrics used to measure business performance.

 

Capital and liquidity measures

Certain liquidity and capital measures and ratios are presented in this document as management believes they are helpful for investors’ understanding of the liquidity and capital profile of the business and the Group’s position against its own targets and applicable regulatory requirements. Some of these measures are used by management for risk management purposes and may not yet be required to be disclosed by a government, governmental authority or self-regulatory organisation. As a result, the basis of calculation of these measures may not be the same as that used by the Group’s peers. These capital and liquidity measures and ratios include: the liquidity coverage ratio, stressed outflow coverage and net stable funding ratio.

 

Recent development

RBS received confirmation from the PRA in Q4 2017 that the expected minimum going concern capital requirement for Pillar 2A would remain at the equivalent of 3.80% as disclosed in the 2016 Annual Report on Form 20-F.

 

4

 


 

 

Condensed consolidated income statement for the period ended 30 September 2017 (unaudited)

 

  

Nine months ended

  

Quarter ended

  

30 September

30 September

  

30 September

30 June

30 September

2017

2016

  

2017

2017

2016

  

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Interest receivable

8,280 

8,488 

  

2,818 

2,730 

2,796 

Interest payable

(1,504)

(1,988)

  

(514)

(492)

(629)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Net interest income (1)

6,776 

6,500 

  

2,304 

2,238 

2,167 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Fees and commissions receivable

2,492 

2,519 

  

826 

844 

843 

Fees and commissions payable

(652)

(592)

  

(204)

(231)

(200)

Income from trading activities

832 

384 

  

(52)

485 

401 

(Loss)/gain on redemption of own debt

(7)

(127)

  

(9)

Other operating income

635 

690 

  

283 

380 

96 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Non-interest income

3,300 

2,874 

  

853 

1,469 

1,143 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total income

10,076 

9,374 

  

3,157 

3,707 

3,310 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Staff costs

(3,576)

(3,982)

  

(1,129)

(1,132)

(1,287)

Premises and equipment

(1,041)

(1,006)

  

(363)

(301)

(354)

Other administrative expenses

(1,736)

(3,234)

  

(528)

(789)

(1,095)

Depreciation and amortisation

(630)

(529)

  

(119)

(169)

(175)

Write down of other intangible assets

(12)

(89)

  

(4)

(8)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Operating expenses

(6,995)

(8,840)

  

(2,143)

(2,399)

(2,911)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Profit before impairment losses

3,081 

534 

  

1,014 

1,308 

399 

Impairment losses

(259)

(553)

  

(143)

(70)

(144)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Operating profit/(loss) before tax

2,822 

(19)

  

871 

1,238 

255 

Tax charge

(992)

(922)

  

(265)

(400)

(582)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Profit/(loss) for the period

1,830 

(941)

  

606 

838 

(327)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Attributable to:

  

  

  

  

  

  

Non-controlling interests

21 

37 

  

(8)

18 

Preference share and other dividends

478 

343 

  

222 

140 

135 

Dividend access share

1,193 

  

Ordinary shareholders

1,331 

(2,514)

  

392 

680 

(469)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Earnings/(loss) per ordinary share (EPS)  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Earnings/(loss) per ordinary share (2) 

11.2p

(21.5p)

  

3.3p

5.7p

(3.9p)

 

Notes:

(1)

Negative interest on loans and advances is classed as interest payable. Negative interest on customer deposits is classed as interest receivable. Nine months ended and quarter ended 30 September 2016 have been re-presented accordingly.

(2)

There is no dilutive impact in any period.

 

For further information see statutory results on pages 20 to 26.

5

 


 

 

Condensed consolidated balance sheet as at 30 September 2017 (unaudited)

 

  

30 September

30 June

31 December

2017 

2017 

2016 

  

£m

£m 

£m

  

  

  

  

Assets

  

  

  

Cash and balances at central banks

88,210 

86,807 

74,250 

Net loans and advances to banks

16,671 

20,685 

17,278 

Reverse repurchase agreements and stock borrowing

12,905 

14,847 

12,860 

Loans and advances to banks

29,576 

35,532 

30,138 

Net loans and advances to customers

324,650 

326,059 

323,023 

Reverse repurchase agreements and stock borrowing

23,767 

25,183 

28,927 

Loans and advances to customers

348,417 

351,242 

351,950 

Debt securities

87,860 

86,169 

72,522 

Equity shares

507 

518 

703 

Settlement balances

8,528 

12,091 

5,526 

Derivatives

171,720 

193,531 

246,981 

Intangible assets

6,484 

6,467 

6,480 

Property, plant and equipment

4,777 

4,823 

4,590 

Deferred tax

1,637 

1,677 

1,803 

Prepayments, accrued income and other assets

4,046 

3,797 

3,713 

Total assets

751,762 

782,654 

798,656 

  

  

  

  

Liabilities

  

  

  

Bank deposits

36,186 

38,965 

33,317 

Repurchase agreements and stock lending

7,047 

5,183 

5,239 

Deposits by banks

43,233 

44,148 

38,556 

Customer deposits

359,879 

359,882 

353,872 

Repurchase agreements and stock lending

33,245 

37,855 

27,096 

Customer accounts

393,124 

397,737 

380,968 

Debt securities in issue

31,700 

31,997 

27,245 

Settlement balances

9,094 

11,379 

3,645 

Short positions

31,793 

29,862 

22,077 

Derivatives

164,394 

184,161 

236,475 

Provisions for liabilities and charges

7,109 

11,227 

12,836 

Accruals and other liabilities

6,925 

6,603 

7,006 

Retirement benefit liabilities

152 

182 

363 

Deferred tax

516 

585 

662 

Subordinated liabilities

14,248 

14,724 

19,419 

  

  

  

  

Total liabilities

702,288 

732,605 

749,252 

  

  

  

  

Equity

  

  

  

Non-controlling interests

746 

844 

795 

Owners’ equity*

  

  

  

  Called up share capital

11,906 

11,876 

11,823 

  Reserves

36,822 

37,329 

36,786 

  

  

  

  

Total equity

49,474 

50,049 

49,404 

  

  

  

  

Total liabilities and equity

751,762 

782,654 

798,656 

  

  

  

  

*Owners’ equity attributable to:

  

  

  

Ordinary shareholders

42,105 

42,149 

41,462 

Other equity owners

6,623 

7,056 

7,147 

  

  

  

  

  

48,728 

49,205 

48,609 

 

For further information see statutory results on pages 20 to 26.

6

 


 

 

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc

Highlights

 

Our strategy

RBS is progressing with its plan to build a strong, simple, fair bank for customers and shareholders, and remains committed to achieving its target of being the number one bank for customer service, trust and advocacy by 2020. In order to achieve this ambition, our strategic priorities and long term targets remain as follows:

 

Strength and sustainability - CET1 ratio of 13% and a return on tangible equity of 12% or above;

Customer experience - number one for service, trust and advocacy;

Simplifying the bank - cost:income ratio of less than 50%;

Supporting sustainable growth - leading market positions in every franchise; and

Employee engagement - employee engagement in upper quartile of Global Financial Services norm.

 

Q3 2017 RBS highlights

Headline performance

RBS reported a profit before tax of £871 million and a profit attributable to ordinary shareholders of £392 million for Q3 2017, the third successive quarter of profit, and a profit attributable to ordinary shareholders of £1,331 million for the year to date.

Return on tangible equity(4,5) was 4.5% for the quarter, and 5.2% for the year to date, with a core adjusted return on equity(1,2,5) of 15.0% in Q3 2017.

RBS delivered positive adjusted operating JAWS(1,3) of 19.9% for the year to date.

Compared with Q2 2017, NIM reduced by 1 basis point. A 6 basis point increase in Capital Resolution and Centre as a result of interest income releases was more than offset by a 7 basis points decrease across the business with 4 basis points driven by a build up in liquidity and the remainder due to continued structural hedge roll-off and ongoing margin pressure associated with mortgage balance growth.

RBS remains on track to achieve all of its 2017 financial targets.

 

Delivering against our 2017 ambition

RBS’s stated ambition for the year is to grow income, cut costs and use less capital across its core businesses and to make progress on resolving legacy issues. In Q3 2017 we have continued to make progress against this ambition.

 

Grow income: Across the core(2) businesses income has increased by 7.3% in Q3 2017 compared with Q3 2016 and has increased 5.9% year to date. Adjusted income(1) has increased by 5.6% in Q3 2017 compared with Q3 2016 and has increased by 7.5% for the year to date.

Cut costs: Operating expenses have reduced by £1,845 million for the year to date. Excluding VAT recoveries, of £80 million, adjusted operating expenses(1) have reduced by £708 million for the year to date, with 33% delivered by the core businesses, and we remain on track to meet our full year £750 million cost reduction target(6).

Reduce capital usage: Excluding volume growth, core RWAs have reduced £10.2 billion for the year to date.

Resolve legacy issues: Capital Resolution RWAs reduced by a further £3.5 billion in the quarter to £23.1 billion, or £16.1 billion excluding RBS’s stake in Alawwal Bank (£7.0 billion at 30 September 2017). In addition, RBS has received formal approval from the European Commission for its alternative remedies package in respect of Williams & Glyn. This quarter is the last time we will report Capital Resolution and Williams & Glyn separately.

 

Continued loan growth while remaining within our risk appetite

Across PBB and CPB, net loans and advances increased by 3.4% on an annualised basis for the year to date, largely driven by mortgage growth within UK PBB, and we remain on track to meet our 3% full year target.

A net impairment charge of £143 million, 17 basis points of gross customer loans, was reported in Q3 2017. Risk elements in lending (REIL) were £9.0 billion, representing 2.7% of gross customer loans compared with 2.8% at Q2 2017. Within UK PBB, LTV on the mortgage portfolio was 56%, in line with FY 2016, and LTV on new mortgage lending was 70% for the year to date.

 

Building a stronger RBS

RBS continued to strengthen its capital position; CET1 ratio increased by 70 basis points in the quarter to 15.5% reflecting continued RWA reduction, the attributable profit and a reduction in the prudential valuation capital deduction, broadly offsetting the Capital Resolution losses taken in the quarter.

Leverage ratio increased by 20 basis points in the quarter to 5.3%.

Employee engagement has improved by 7 points to 83 (1 point above GFS Norm) meeting our target for 2017.

RBSG’s Commercial Banking franchise NPS is significantly ahead of its three biggest competitors, however more work is required to close the gap in some of our other target segments.

For notes refer to page 9.

7

 


 

 

Analysis of results

 

Q3 2017 progress

PBB, CPB & NatWest Markets businesses

Grow income

Across the core(2) businesses, income increased 5.9% year to date and by 7.3% in Q3 2017 compared with Q3 2016. Adjusted income has increased by 7.5% for the year to date and by 5.6% in Q3 2017 compared with Q3 2016. Across Personal & Business Banking (PBB) and Commercial & Private Banking (CPB), income growth has been supported by increased lending, with net loans and advances 3.6% higher than Q3 2016. NatWest Markets income was 2.9% higher for the year to date. Adjusted income(1) was 14.4% higher for the year to date as the business continues to navigate markets well.

 

On an annualised basis, PBB and CPB net loans and advances have increased by 3.4% in the first nine months of the year, with mortgage growth driving an 8.4% increase in UK PBB. Gross new mortgage lending was £7.1 billion with market share of new mortgages at approximately 10%, supporting growth in stock share to approximately 9.2%. Mortgage approval share was around 14% in the quarter, up from 12% in Q2 2017. Across CPB, net loans and advances have reduced by 2.1% on an annualised basis as growth in targeted segments has been more than offset by active capital management of our lending book.

 

Cut costs

Across the core(2) businesses, operating expenses have reduced by £488 million for the year to date. Adjusted operating expenses(1) have reduced £231 million for the year to date, representing 33% of the £708 million reduction achieved across the bank. Cost income ratio(1) across the core bank improved to 60.5% for the year to date compared with 69.6% for the equivalent period in 2016. Adjusted cost:income ratio(1) across the core(2) bank improved to 53.1% for the year to date compared with 59.8% for the equivalent period in 2016, with core(2) adjusted operating JAWS(3) of 11.8%.

 

RBS now has 5.2 million customers regularly using its mobile app, 14% higher than December 2016. Within UK PBB, digital service transactions were 7% higher than Q3 2016 and in Q3 2017 more than 60% of existing customers transferring to a new fixed rate mortgage deal switched digitally. New Bankline, our new best in class commercial web access tool, continues to be rolled out, simplifying the customer experience and saving customers’ time.

 

Reduce capital usage

Excluding volume growth, RWAs reduced by £10.2 billion across the core businesses for the year to date and we remain committed to achieving a gross RWA reduction of at least £20 billion by the end of 2018. The reduction comprised £0.5 billion in PBB, £6.3 billion in CPB and £3.4 billion in NatWest Markets.

 

Capital Resolution and legacy issues

Capital Resolution RWAs reduced by a further £3.5 billion in the quarter to £23.1 billion, or £16.1 billion excluding RBS’s stake in Alawwal Bank (£7.0 billion as at 30 September 2017), already towards the lower end of our £15 - £20 billion full year guidance. Disposal losses, other adjustments and impairments of £375 million were incurred in Q3 2017, although the charge is broadly CET1 neutral as the prudential valuation adjustment increase taken in Q2 2017 in anticipation of these losses has largely reversed. It remains our intention to wind up Capital Resolution during Q4 2017 and transfer the remaining assets back into the rest of the bank.

 

Williams & Glyn

On 18 September 2017 RBS announced that it had received confirmation from the European Commission that the alternative remedies package regarding Williams & Glyn, announced on 26 July 2017, had been formally approved in the form proposed. In full year 2017 reporting we will no longer report Williams & Glyn as a separate segment, but include as part of UK PBB.

 

For notes refer to the following page.

 

8

 


 

 

Analysis of results

 

Outlook(7)

We retain the 2017 full year financial guidance and medium term financial outlook we provided in the 2016 Annual Report on form 20-F. In addition, and subject to any further provisions for the investigations of the US Department of Justice into the Group’s historic RMBS related activities being substantially taken in 2017, our expectation remains that we will be profitable in 2018.

 

On 24 October 2017, RBS completed the disposal of its shares in Euroclear for a cash consideration of €275 million. RBS expects to recognise a gain on disposal before tax of around £175 million in Q4 2017.

 

Notes:

(1)

Refer to income statement reconciliations on page 10.

(2)

Core business comprises Personal & Business Banking (PBB), Commercial & Private Banking (CPB) and NatWest Markets.

(3)

JAWS represents the combined net growth / reduction in income and costs over the period.

(4)

Calculated using profit/(loss) for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders.

(5)

Tangible equity is equity attributable to ordinary shareholders less intangible assets

(6)

 Cost savings progress and 2017 target calculated using operating expenses excluding litigation and conduct costs, restructuring costs and the VAT recoveries.

(7)

The targets, expectations and trends discussed in this section represent management’s current expectations and are subject to change, including as a result of the factors

described in this document and in the “Risk Factors” on pages 509 to 578 of the 2016 Annual Report on Form 20-F. These statements constitute forward-looking statements;

refer to Forward-looking statements in this announce.

9

 


 

 

Segmental income statement reconciliations

  

PBB

  

CPB

  

  

  

  

Central

  

  

  

Ulster

  

Commercial

Private

RBS

  

NatWest

Capital

Williams

 items &

Total

  

UK PBB

Bank RoI

  

Banking

Banking

International

  

Markets

Resolution

& Glyn

other  

RBS

Nine months ended 30 September 2017

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total income - statutory

4,303 

443 

  

2,678 

487 

292 

  

1,326 

(476)

626 

397 

10,076 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

55 

20 

78 

Loss on redemption of own debt

  

  

Strategic disposals

  

  

(156)

(156)

Total income - adjusted

4,303 

446 

  

2,678 

487 

292 

  

1,381 

(456)

626 

248 

10,005 

Operating expenses - statutory

(2,333)

(422)

  

(1,439)

(335)

(153)

  

(1,125)

(715)

(230)

(243)

(6,995)

Restructuring costs  - direct

24 

25 

  

42 

  

48 

195 

697 

1,034 

Restructuring costs  - indirect

184 

27 

  

96 

16 

  

86 

(35)

(378)

Litigation and conduct costs

13 

34 

  

  

47 

361 

52 

521 

Operating expenses - adjusted

(2,112)

(336)

  

(1,295)

(318)

(139)

  

(944)

(194)

(230)

128 

(5,440)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(139)

21 

  

(245)

(4)

(3)

  

(1)

149 

(36)

(1)

(259)

Operating profit/(loss) - statutory

1,831 

42 

  

994 

148 

136 

  

200 

(1,042)

360 

153 

2,822 

Operating profit/(loss) - adjusted

2,052 

131 

  

1,138 

165 

150 

  

436 

(501)

360 

375 

4,306 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (1) 

30.8%

2.1%

  

8.3%

9.5%

12.2%

  

1.8%

nm

23.0%

nm

5.2%

Return on equity     - adjusted (1,2,3) 

34.8%

6.5%

  

9.9%

10.8%

13.7%

  

6.1%

nm

23.0%

nm

10.4%

Cost:income ratio (4) 

54.2%

95.3%

  

51.8%

68.8%

52.4%

  

84.8%

nm

36.7%

nm

69.1%

Cost:income ratio - adjusted (2,3,4) 

49.1%

75.3%

  

46.2%

65.3%

47.6%

  

68.4%

nm

36.7%

nm

53.9%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Nine months ended 30 September 2016

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total income - statutory

3,951 

439 

  

2,548 

496 

278 

  

1,289 

(69)

620 

(178)

9,374 

Own credit adjustments

(3)

  

  

(82)

(142)

(67)

(294)

Loss on redemption of own debt

  

  

127 

127 

Strategic disposals

  

  

81 

(245)

(164)

Total income - adjusted

3,951 

436 

  

2,548 

496 

278 

  

1,207 

(130)

620 

(363)

9,043 

Operating expenses - statutory

(2,784)

(443)

  

(1,458)

(390)

(110)

  

(1,110)

(915)

(353)

(1,277)

(8,840)

Restructuring costs  - direct

50 

32 

  

13 

  

16 

35 

57 

894 

1,099 

Restructuring costs  - indirect

86 

  

49 

22 

  

50 

35 

(248)

Litigation and conduct costs

420 

95 

  

16 

(1)

  

62 

257 

889 

1,740 

Operating expenses - adjusted

(2,228)

(312)

  

(1,380)

(365)

(108)

  

(982)

(588)

(296)

258 

(6,001)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(67)

66 

  

(123)

(5)

(11)

  

(383)

(31)

(553)

Operating profit/(loss) - statutory

1,100 

62 

  

967 

101 

157 

  

179 

(1,367)

236 

(1,454)

(19)

Operating profit/(loss) - adjusted

1,656 

190 

  

1,045 

126 

159 

  

225 

(1,101)

293 

(104)

2,489 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (1) 

17.0%

3.1%

  

8.5%

7.0%

15.4%

  

1.6%

nm

14.8%

nm

(8.5%)

Return on equity  - adjusted (1,2,3) 

26.4%

9.5%

  

9.4%

8.9%

15.6%

  

2.4%

nm

18.3%

nm

(0.6%)

Cost:income ratio (4) 

70.5%

100.9%

  

55.4%

78.6%

39.6%

  

86.1%

nm

56.9%

nm

94.2%

Cost:income ratio - adjusted (2,3,4) 

56.4%

71.6%

  

52.2%

73.6%

38.8%

  

81.4%

nm

47.7%

nm

65.9%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

For notes refer to page 12.

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

10

 


 

 

 

Segmental income statement reconciliations

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

PBB

  

CPB

  

  

  

  

Central

  

  

  

Ulster

  

Commercial

Private

RBS

  

NatWest

Capital

Williams

 items &

Total

  

UK PBB

Bank RoI

  

Banking

Banking

International

  

Markets

Resolution

& Glyn

other  

RBS

Quarter ended 30 September 2017

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total income - statutory

1,548 

150 

  

928 

166 

97 

  

394 

(374)

209 

39 

3,157 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

(2)

Total income  - adjusted

1,548 

150 

  

928 

166 

97 

  

401 

(376)

209 

39 

3,162 

Operating expenses - statutory

(747)

(129)

  

(443)

(103)

(59)

  

(350)

(176)

(72)

(64)

(2,143)

Restructuring costs  - direct

  

  

18 

65 

154 

244 

Restructuring costs  - indirect

47 

  

19 

  

13 

(39)

(50)

Litigation and conduct costs

  

  

13 

89 

12 

125 

Operating expenses - adjusted

(699)

(119)

  

(420)

(100)

(49)

  

(306)

(61)

(72)

52 

(1,774)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(67)

10 

  

(151)

  

71 

(11)

(143)

Operating profit/(loss) - statutory

734 

31 

  

334 

66 

40 

  

44 

(479)

126 

(25)

871 

Operating profit/(loss) - adjusted

782 

41 

  

357 

69 

50 

  

95 

(366)

126 

91 

1,245 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (1) 

36.8%

4.6%

  

8.6%

13.2%

10.4%

  

0.6%

nm

24.6%

nm

4.5%

Return on equity  - adjusted (1,2,3) 

39.3%

6.1%

  

9.3%

13.8%

13.6%

  

3.6%

nm

24.6%

nm

8.2%

Cost:income ratio (4) 

48.3%

86.0%

  

45.7%

62.0%

60.8%

  

88.8%

nm

34.4%

nm

67.5%

Cost:income ratio - adjusted (2,3,4) 

45.2%

79.3%

  

43.1%

60.2%

50.5%

  

76.3%

nm

34.4%

nm

55.6%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended 30 June 2017

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total income - statutory

1,378 

148 

  

885 

161 

97 

  

444 

(43)

211 

426 

3,707 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

28 

15 

(1)

44 

Gain on redemption of own debt

  

  

Strategic disposals

  

  

(156)

(156)

Total income  - adjusted

1,378 

150 

  

885 

161 

97 

  

472 

(28)

211 

278 

3,604 

Operating expenses - statutory

(735)

(151)

  

(446)

(108)

(48)

  

(355)

(378)

(74)

(104)

(2,399)

Restructuring costs  - direct

  

  

10 

60 

134 

213 

Restructuring costs  - indirect

26 

  

17 

  

25 

(12)

(64)

Litigation and conduct costs

33 

  

  

266 

30 

342 

Operating expenses - adjusted

(697)

(109)

  

(427)

(105)

(47)

  

(317)

(64)

(74)

(4)

(1,844)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(40)

(13)

  

(33)

(4)

  

(1)

33 

(14)

(70)

Operating profit/(loss) - statutory

603 

(16)

  

406 

49 

51 

  

88 

(388)

123 

322 

1,238 

Operating profit/(loss) - adjusted

641 

28 

  

425 

52 

52 

  

154 

(59)

123 

274 

1,690 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (1) 

30.8%

(2.4%)

  

10.7%

9.6%

14.0%

  

2.9%

nm

23.5%

nm

8.0%

Return on equity  - adjusted (1,2,3) 

32.8%

4.3%

  

11.4%

10.3%

14.3%

  

6.6%

nm

23.5%

nm

12.9%

Cost:income ratio (4) 

53.3%

102.0%

  

48.3%

67.1%

49.5%

  

80.0%

nm

35.1%

nm

64.4%

Cost:income ratio - adjusted (2,3,4) 

50.6%

72.7%

  

46.1%

65.2%

48.5%

  

67.2%

nm

35.1%

nm

50.7%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

For notes refer to next page.

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

11

 


 

 

 

Segmental income statement reconciliations

 

  

PBB

  

CPB

  

  

  

  

Central

  

  

  

Ulster

  

Commercial

Private

RBS

  

NatWest

Capital

Williams

 items &

Total

  

UK PBB

Bank RoI

  

Banking

Banking

International

  

Markets

Resolution

& Glyn

other  

RBS

Quarter ended 30 September 2016

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Total income - statutory

1,336 

146 

  

849 

165 

93 

  

471 

103 

209 

(62)

3,310 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

55 

42 

59 

156 

Loss on redemption of own debt

  

  

(3)

(3)

Strategic disposals

  

  

30 

31 

Total income  - adjusted

1,336 

146 

  

849 

165 

93 

  

526 

175 

209 

(5)

3,494 

Operating expenses - statutory

(742)

(131)

  

(474)

(112)

(39)

  

(381)

(437)

(111)

(484)

(2,911)

Restructuring costs - direct

(1)

  

12 

  

23 

12 

409 

469 

Restructuring costs - indirect

26 

  

  

27 

10 

(78)

Litigation and conduct costs

(1)

  

(1)

  

231 

181 

425 

Operating expenses - adjusted

(718)

(117)

  

(447)

(109)

(40)

  

(342)

(173)

(99)

28 

(2,017)

Impairment (losses)/releases

(27)

39 

  

(20)

(3)

  

(120)

(14)

(144)

Operating profit/(loss) - statutory

567 

54 

  

355 

50 

54 

  

90 

(454)

84 

(545)

255 

Operating profit/(loss) - adjusted

591 

68 

  

382 

53 

53 

  

184 

(118)

96 

24 

1,333 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (1) 

27.1%

7.8%

  

9.5%

11.1%

15.4%

  

3.1%

nm

15.7%

nm

(4.8%)

Return on equity  - adjusted (1,2,3) 

28.3%

9.9%

  

10.4%

11.8%

15.1%

  

8.0%

nm

17.9%

nm

4.6%

Cost income ratio (4) 

55.5%

89.7%

  

53.9%

67.9%

41.9%

  

80.9%

nm

53.1%

nm

87.8%

Cost income ratio - adjusted (2,3,4) 

53.7%

80.1%

  

50.6%

66.1%

43.0%

  

65.0%

nm

47.4%

nm

57.3%

 

 

Notes:

(1)

RBS’s CET 1 target is 13% but for the purposes of computing segmental return on equity (ROE), to better reflect the differential drivers of capital usage, segmental operating profit after tax and adjusted for preference dividends is divided by average notional equity allocated at different rates of 14% (Ulster Bank RoI - 11% prior to Q1 2017), 11% (Commercial Banking), 14% (Private Banking - 15% prior to Q1 2017), 12% (RBS International) and 15% for all other segments, of the monthly average of segmental risk-weighted assets incorporating the effect of capital deductions (RWAes). RBS’s Return on equity is calculated using profit for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders.

(2)

Excluding own credit adjustments, (loss)/gain on redemption of own debt and strategic disposals.

(3)

Excluding restructuring costs and litigation and conduct costs.

(4)

Operating lease depreciation included in income (nine months ended September 2017 - £107 million; Q3 2017 - £35 million; nine months ended September 2016 - £115 million; Q2 2017 - £36 million, Q3 2016 - £39 million).

 

 

12

 


 

 

Analysis of results

  

Nine months ended

Quarter ended

  

30 September

30 September

  

30 September

30 June

30 September

  

2017 

2016 

  

2017 

2017 

2016 

Operating profit/(loss) before tax

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

Statutory operating profit/(loss)

2,822 

(19)

  

871 

1,238 

255 

Adjusted for

  

  

  

  

  

  

Own credit adjustments

78 

(294)

  

44 

156 

Loss/(gain) on redemption of own debt

127 

  

 - 

(3)

Strategic disposals

(156)

(164)

  

 - 

(156)

31 

Litigation and conduct costs

521 

1,740 

  

125 

342 

425 

Restructuring costs

1,034 

1,099 

  

244 

213 

469 

Adjusted operating profit

4,306 

2,489 

  

1,245 

1,690 

1,333 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

PBB, CPB & NWM - adjusted operating profit(1)

4,072 

3,401 

  

1,394 

1,352 

1,331 

 

Operating profit increased by £616 million compared with Q3 2016 largely reflecting a decrease in operating expenses, primarily in relation to lower litigation and conduct and restructuring costs. Adjusted operating profit(1) reduced by 6.6% compared with Q3 2016 largely reflecting increased losses in Capital Resolution, up £248 million to £366 million.

Across the core(2) businesses operating profit increased by 6.8%. UK PBB increased by 29.5%, benefiting from a £168 million debt sale gain. Partially offsetting this, lower income drove a £46 million reduction in NatWest Markets operating profit and included an own credit adjustment of £7 million compared with £55 million in Q3 2016.

Compared with Q2 2017, operating profits were £367 million lower, primarily reflecting lower litigation and conduct and lower strategic disposal gains in the period (Q3 2017 – nil; Q2 2017 - £156 million). Adjusted operating profits(1) were £445 million lower reflecting increased Capital Resolution losses, lower IFRS volatility gains(3) (£21 million compared with £172 million in Q2 2017) and higher impairment losses in Commercial Banking, partially offset by the debt sale gain in UK PBB.

 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Nine months ended

  

Quarter ended

  

30 September

30 September

  

30 September

30 June

30 September

  

2017 

2016 

  

2017 

2017 

2016 

Total income

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Statutory total income

10,076 

9,374 

  

3,157 

3,707 

3,310 

Adjusted for

  

  

  

  

  

  

Own credit adjustments

78 

(294)

  

44 

156 

Loss/(gain) on redemption of own debt

127 

  

 - 

(3)

Strategic disposals

(156)

(164)

  

 - 

(156)

31 

Adjusted total income

10,005 

9,043 

  

3,162 

3,604 

3,494 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

PBB, CPB & NWM - adjusted total income(1)

9,587 

8,916 

  

3,290 

3,143 

3,115 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Notable items within adjusted total income

  

  

  

  

  

  

IFRS volatility in Central items (3) 

175 

(818)

  

21 

172 

(150)

UK PBB debt sale gain

176 

  

168 

 - 

 - 

Commercial Banking disposal gain

52 

 - 

  

52 

 - 

 - 

FX reserve (loss)/gain in Central items

(37)

97 

  

(37)

 - 

97 

Unwind of securitisations in the property portfolio

(105)

 - 

  

 - 

 - 

 - 

FX (losses)/gains in Central items

(138)

209 

  

(30)

(56)

(44)

Capital Resolution disposal losses

  

  

  

  

  

  

  and other adjustments

(549)

(166)

  

(446)

(53)

(113)

 

Refer to page 16 for footnotes.

13

 


 

 

Analysis of results

  

Total income continued

UK PBB income increased by 15.9% compared with Q3 2016, as increased mortgage lending has more than offset margin pressure, and included a £168 million debt sale gain. Excluding this gain, UK PBB income increased by 3.3% compared with Q3 2016. Ulster Bank RoI income increased by 2.7% due to the impact of foreign exchange movements and lower income on free funds and one-off items in Q3 2016. In Euro terms income reduced by 2.9%.

Commercial Banking income increased by 9.3% compared with Q3 2016 reflecting a £52 million asset disposal gain, increased deposit volumes and re-pricing benefits. RBS International income increased by 4.3% whilst Private Banking income was stable at £166 million.

NatWest Markets income of £394 million was 16.3% lower than Q3 2016 which benefited from heightened customer activity and favourable market conditions following the EU referendum and central bank actions. Own credit adjustments were £7 million in Q3 2016, compared with £55 million in Q3 2016. NatWest Markets adjusted income(1) of £401 million was 23.8% lower than Q3 2016.

Compared with Q2 2017, total income was £550 million lower primarily due to lower strategic disposal gains (Q3 2017 – nil; Q2 2017 - £156 million). Adjusted income(1) was £442 million lower reflecting increased Capital Resolution losses, reduced IFRS volatility gains and lower NatWest Markets income, partially offset by the debt sale gain in UK PBB.

 

 

  

Nine months ended

  

Quarter ended

 

  

30 September

30 September

  

30 September

30 June

30 September

 

  

2017 

2016 

  

2017 

2017 

2016 

 

Net interest margin

%

%

  

%

%

%

 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

 

Net interest margin (NIM)

2.16%

2.18%

  

2.12%

2.13%

2.17%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NIM reduced by 5 basis points versus Q3 2016 principally reflecting increased liquidity requirements and asset margin pressure.

 

Compared with Q2 2017, NIM reduced by 1 basis point. A 6 basis point increase in Capital Resolution and Centre as a result of interest income releases was more than offset by a 7 basis points decrease across the business with 4 basis points driven by a build up in liquidity and the remainder due to continued structural hedge roll-off and ongoing margin pressure associated with mortgage balance growth.

 

The sensitivity of net interest earnings, over the next 12 months, to an immediate increase of 25 basis points to all interest rates is c.£175 million across all currencies.

 

 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

                   

 

Refer to page 16 for footnotes.

14

 


 

 

Analysis of results

 

 

Nine months ended

  

Quarter ended

  

30 September

30 September

  

30 September

30 June

30 September

  

2017 

2016 

  

2017 

2017 

2016 

Operating expenses

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Statutory operating expenses

6,995 

8,840 

  

2,143 

2,399 

2,911 

Adjusted for

  

  

  

  

  

  

Litigation and conduct costs

(521)

(1,740)

  

(125)

(342)

(425)

Restructuring costs

(1,034)

(1,099)

  

(244)

(213)

(469)

Adjusted operating expenses

5,440 

6,001 

  

1,774 

1,844 

2,017 

PBB, CPB & NWM - adjusted operating expenses(1)

5,144 

5,375 

  

1,693 

1,702 

1,773 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Notable items within adjusted operating expenses

  

  

  

  

  

  

VAT recovery in Central items

(80)

(227)

  

(29)

 - 

 - 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Notable items within restructuring costs

  

  

  

  

  

  

Property exit costs

203 

 - 

  

(14)

(18)

 - 

Williams and Glyn restructuring costs

75 

646 

  

17 

46 

301 

 

UK PBB operating expenses remained stable at £747 million compared with £742 million in Q3 2016. UK PBB adjusted operating expenses(1) reduced by 2.6% compared with Q3 2016 reflecting reduced headcount coupled with process and productivity improvements, partially offset by increased technology infrastructure costs. Ulster Bank RoI operating expenses reduced by 1.53% (6.0% on a Euro basis) compared with Q3 2016. Ulster Bank RoI adjusted operating expenses(1) increased by 1.7% (5.8% decreased on a Euro basis).

Commercial Banking operating expenses reduced 6.5% compared with Q3 2016 reflecting cost efficiencies and a 15.5% reduction in headcount. Commercial Banking adjusted operating expenses(1) reduced 6.0% compared with Q3 2016. Cost efficiencies also drove an 8.0% reduction in Private Banking operating expenses. Adjusted operating expenses(1) reduced by 8.3%. RBSI operating expenses increased 51.3% reflecting increased investment spend and litigation and conduct costs, in part associated with the creation of a bank outside the ring-fence. Adjusted operating expenses(1) increased 22.5% compared with Q3 2016.

NatWest Markets operating expenses were 8.1% lower than in Q3 2016, principally due to the prior year including an expense adjustment for investment spend that had previously been capitalised. This was partly offset by an increase in litigation and conduct costs.  Adjusted operating expenses(1) were 10.5% lower than Q3 2016.

Capital Resolution operating expenses reduced by 59.7%  to £176 million compared with Q3 2016. Adjusted operating expenses(1) reduced by 64.7% to £61 million compared with Q3 2016.

Compared with Q2 2017, operating expenses were £256 million lower, primarily due to lower litigation and conduct and restructuring costs. Adjusted operating expenses(1) of £1,774 million were £70 million lower and included a £29 million VAT recovery.

 

Refer to the following page for footnotes.

15

 


 

 

Analysis of results

 

  

Nine months ended

  

Quarter ended

  

30 September

30 September

  

30 September

30 June

30 September

  

2017 

2016 

  

2017 

2017 

2016 

Impairment losses

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Impairment losses

259 

553 

  

143 

70 

144 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Notable items within impairment losses

  

  

  

  

  

  

Capital Resolution impairment (releases)/losses

(149)

383 

  

(71)

(33)

120 

Ulster Bank RoI impairment (releases)/losses

(21)

(66)

  

(10)

13 

(39)

Commercial Banking impairment losses

245 

123 

  

151 

33 

20 

 

UK PBB reported a net impairment loss of £67 million, 19 basis points of gross customer loans, £40 million higher than Q3 2016 primarily reflecting reduced provision releases. Defaults remain low across all portfolios.

Commercial Banking reported a net impairment loss of £151 million in the quarter.

Capital Resolution reported a net impairment release of £71 million compared with a charge of £120 million in Q3 2016, which included a £190 million charge in respect of the shipping portfolio.

Compared with Q2 2017, impairments increased by £73 million reflecting higher impairment losses in Commercial Banking.

 

Notes:

(1)      Refer to the income statement reconciliations on page 10.

(2)      Core business comprises Personal & Business Banking (PBB), Commercial & Private Banking (CPB) and NatWest Markets.

(3)      IFRS volatility relates to loans which are economically hedged but for which hedge accounting is not permitted under IFRS.

16

 


 

 

Analysis of results

 

  

  

  

  

 

End-point CRR basis (1) 

  

30 September 

30 June 

31 December 

  

2017 

2017 

2016 

Risk asset ratios

  

  

  

  

CET1

15.5 

14.8 

13.4 

Tier 1

17.4 

16.7 

15.2 

Total

20.6 

20.0 

19.2 

  

  

  

  

Capital

£m

£m

£m

Tangible equity

35,621 

35,682 

34,982 

  

  

  

  

Expected loss less impairment provisions

(1,197)

(1,226)

(1,371)

Prudential valuation adjustment

(459)

(854)

(532)

Deferred tax assets

(865)

(877)

(906)

Own credit adjustments

(110)

(142)

(304)

Pension fund assets

(185)

(186)

(208)

Cash flow hedging reserve

(298)

(575)

(1,030)

Other adjustments for regulatory purposes

51 

52 

(8)

  

  

  

  

Total deductions

(3,063)

(3,808)

(4,359)

CET1 capital

32,558 

31,874 

30,623 

AT1 capital

4,041 

4,041 

4,041 

Tier 1 capital

36,599 

35,915 

34,664 

Tier 2 capital

6,841 

7,107 

9,161 

  

  

  

  

Total regulatory capital

43,440 

43,022 

43,825 

  

  

  

  

Risk-weighted assets

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Credit risk

  

  

  

  - non-counterparty

154,400 

157,300 

162,200 

  - counterparty

16,000 

17,800 

22,900 

Market risk

16,400 

16,500 

17,400 

Operational risk

23,800 

23,800 

25,700 

  

  

  

  

Total RWAs

210,600 

215,400 

228,200 

  

  

  

  

Leverage (2) 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Cash and balances at central banks

88,200 

86,800 

74,200 

Derivatives

171,700 

193,500 

247,000 

Loans and advances

341,500 

346,800 

340,300 

Reverse repos

36,700 

40,000 

41,800 

Other assets

113,700 

115,600 

95,400 

  

  

  

  

Total assets

751,800 

782,700 

798,700 

Derivatives

  

  

  

  - netting and variation margin

(169,500)

(193,400)

(241,700)

  - potential future exposures

54,100 

56,700 

65,300 

Securities financing transactions gross up

2,300 

1,900 

2,300 

Undrawn commitments

52,600 

53,100 

58,600 

Regulatory deductions and other adjustments

200 

800 

100 

  

  

  

  

CRR Leverage exposure

691,500 

701,800 

683,300 

  

  

  

  

CRR leverage ratio%

5.3 

5.1 

5.1 

  

  

  

  

UK leverage exposure (3) 

609,400 

618,700 

614,600 

  

  

  

  

UK leverage ratio% (3) 

6.0 

5.8 

5.6 

 

Notes:

(1)

CRR as implemented by the PRA in the UK, with effect from 1 January 2014. All regulatory adjustments and deductions to CET1 have been applied in full with the exception of unrealised gains on available-for-sale securities which have been included from 2015 under the PRA transitional basis.

(2)

Based on end-point CRR Tier 1 capital and leverage exposure under the CRR Delegated Act.

(3)

Based on end-point CRR Tier 1 capital and UK leverage exposures reflecting the post EU referendum measures announced by the Bank of England in the third quarter of 2016.

 

17

 


 

 

Segment performance

  

Nine months ended 30 September 2017

  

PBB

  

CPB