Report of Foreign Private Issuer

 

Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16 of

the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

26 April 2019

 

Commission file number: 001-10306

 

 

 Form 6-K

 

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc

 

 

Gogarburn

PO Box 1000

Edinburgh EH12 1HQ

Scotland

United Kingdom

 

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

 

Form 20-F  X                                              Form 40-F     

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):__

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):__

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

Yes                                                                 No  X  

 

If "Yes" is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to

the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b): 82-             

 

This report on Form 6-K, except for any information contained on any websites linked or documents referred to in this report, shall be deemed incorporated by reference into the company’s Registration Statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-222022) and to be a part thereof from the date on which this report is filed, to the extent not superseded by documents or reports subsequently filed or furnished.

 


 

 

Forward-looking statements

 

Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements

Certain sections in this document contain ‘forward-looking statements’ as that term is defined in the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, such as statements that include the words ‘expect’, ‘estimate’, ‘project’, ‘anticipate’, ‘commit’, ‘believe’, ‘should’, ‘intend’, ‘plan’, ‘could’, ‘probability’, ‘risk’, ‘Value-at-Risk (VaR)’, ‘target’, ‘goal’, ‘objective’, ‘may’, ‘endeavour’, ‘outlook’, ‘optimistic’, ‘prospects’ and similar expressions or variations on these expressions.

 

In particular, this document includes forward-looking statements relating, but not limited to: future profitability and performance, including financial performance targets such as return on tangible equity; cost savings and targets, including cost:income ratios; litigation and government and regulatory investigations, including the timing and financial and other impacts thereof; the implementation of the Alternative Remedies Package; the continuation of the Group’s balance sheet reduction programme, including the reduction of risk-weighted assets (RWAs) and the timing thereof; capital and strategic plans and targets; capital, liquidity and leverage ratios and requirements, including CET1 Ratio, RWA equivalents (RWAes), Pillar 2 and other regulatory buffer requirements, minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities, and other funding plans; funding and credit risk profile; capitalisation; portfolios; net interest margin; customer loan and income growth; the level and extent of future impairments and write-downs, including with respect to goodwill; restructuring and remediation costs and charges; the Group’s exposure to political risk, economic risk, climate change risk, operational risk, conduct risk, cyber and IT risk and credit rating risk and to various types of market risks, including interest rate risk, foreign exchange rate risk and commodity and equity price risk; customer experience including our Net Promotor Score (NPS); employee engagement and gender balance in leadership positions.

 

Limitations inherent to forward-looking statements

These statements are based on current plans, estimates, targets and projections, and are subject to significant inherent risks, uncertainties and other factors, both external and relating to the Group’s strategy or operations, which may result in the Group being unable to achieve the current targets, predictions, expectations and other anticipated outcomes expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. In addition, certain of these disclosures are dependent on choices relying on key model characteristics and assumptions and are subject to various limitations, including assumptions and estimates made by management. By their nature, certain of these disclosures are only estimates and, as a result, actual future gains and losses could differ materially from those that have been estimated. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed on these statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date we make them and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the Group’s expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

 

Important factors that could affect the actual outcome of the forward-looking statements

We caution you that a large number of important factors could adversely affect our results or our ability to implement our strategy, cause us to fail to meet our targets, predictions, expectations and other anticipated outcomes or affect the accuracy of forward-looking statements we describe in this document, including in the risk factors and other uncertainties set out in the Group’s 2018 Annual Report on Form 20-F and other materials filed with, or furnished to, the US Securities and Exchange Commission, and other risk factors and uncertainties discussed in this document. These include the significant risks for the Group presented by: operational and IT resilience risk (including in respect of: the Group being subject to cyberattacks; operational risks inherent in the Group’s business; the Group’s operations being highly dependent on its IT systems; the Group relying on attracting, retaining and developing senior management and skilled personnel and maintaining good employee relations; the Group’s risk management framework; and reputational risk), economic and political risk (including in respect of: the uncertainties surrounding the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union; increased political and economic risks and uncertainty in the UK and global markets; climate change and the transition to a low carbon economy; HM Treasury’s ownership of RBSG and the possibility that it may exert a significant degree of influence over the Group; continued low interest rates and changes in foreign currency exchange rates), financial resilience risk (including in respect of: the Group’s ability to meet targets and make discretionary capital distributions to shareholders; the highly competitive markets in which the Group operates; deterioration in borrower and counterparty credit quality;  the ability of the Group to meet prudential regulatory requirements for capital and MREL, or to manage its capital effectively; the ability of the Group to access adequate sources of liquidity and funding; changes in the credit ratings of RBSG, any of its subsidiaries or any of its respective debt securities; the Group’s ability to meet requirements of regulatory stress tests; possible losses or the requirement to maintain higher levels of capital as a result of limitations or failure of various models; sensitivity of the Group’s financial statements to underlying accounting policies, judgements, assumptions and estimates; changes in applicable accounting policies or rules; the value or effectiveness of any credit protection purchased by the Group; the level and extent of future impairments and write-downs, including with respect to goodwill; and the application of UK statutory stabilisation or resolution powers) and legal, regulatory and conduct risk (including in respect of: the Group’s businesses being subject to substantial regulation and oversight; legal, regulatory and governmental actions and investigations; the replacement of LIBOR, EURIBOR and other benchmark rates; heightened regulatory and governmental scrutiny (including by competition authorities); implementation of the Alternative Remedies Package and the costs related thereto; and changes in tax legislation).

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this document speak only as at the date hereof, and the Group does not assume or undertake any obligation or responsibility to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

The information, statements and opinions contained in this document do not constitute a public offer under any applicable legislation or an offer to sell or solicit of any offer to buy any securities or financial instruments or any advice or recommendation with respect to such securities or other financial instruments.

1 

 


 

 

Introduction

 

Presentation of information

In this document, ‘RBSG plc’ or the ‘parent company’ refers to The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc, and ‘RBS’ or the ‘Group’ refers to RBSG plc and its subsidiaries.

Any information contained on any websites linked or report references in this report is for information only and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this report.

 

Non-GAAP financial information

RBS prepares its financial statements in accordance with IFRS as issued by the IASB which constitutes a body of generally accepted accounting principles (‘GAAP’). This document contains a number of non-GAAP (or non-IFRS) financial measures. A non-GAAP financial measure is defined as one that measures historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows but which excludes or includes amounts that would not be so adjusted in the most comparable GAAP measure.

 

The non-GAAP financial measures used in this document generally exclude certain items which management believe are not representative of the underlying performance of the business and which distort period-on-period comparison. These measures are used internally by management, in conjunction with IFRS financial measures, to measure performance and make decisions regarding the future direction of the business. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures, when provided in combination with reported IFRS results, provide helpful supplementary information for investors.

 

The main non-GAAP measures used in this document include:

·       Performance, funding and credit metrics such as ‘return on tangible equity’, and related RWA equivalents incorporating the effect of capital deductions (RWAes), total assets excluding derivatives (funded assets), net interest margin (NIM) adjusted for items designated at fair value through profit or loss (non-statutory NIM), NIM excluding NatWest Markets, cost:income ratio and loan:deposit ratio. These are internal metrics used to measure business performance; and

·       Personal & Ulster franchise results combining the reportable segments of UK Personal Banking and Ulster Bank RoI and the Commercial & Private Banking franchise results, combining the reportable segments of Commercial Banking and Private Banking; and RBS International (RBSI) and NatWest Markets results which are presented to provide investors with a summary of the Group’s business performance.

·       The Group also presents a pro forma CET1 ratio which is on an adjusted basis, this has not been prepared in accordance with Regulation S-X and should be read in conjunction with the notes provided as well as the section “Forward-looking statements” on page 1 of this document.

2 

 


 

 

Introduction

 

Key operating indicators

This document includes a number of operational metrics which management believes may be helpful to investors in understanding the Group’s business, including the Group’s position against its own targets. These metrics include performance, funding and credit metrics such as ‘return on tangible equity’ and related RWA equivalents incorporating the effect of capital deductions (RWAes), total assets excluding derivatives (funded assets) and net interest margin (NIM) adjusted for items designated at fair value through profit or loss (non-statutory NIM), NIM excluding NatWest Markets, cost:income ratio, and loan:deposit ratio. These are internal metrics used to measure business performance.

 

Capital and liquidity measures

Certain liquidity and capital measures and ratios are presented in this document as management believes they are helpful for investors’ understanding of the liquidity and capital profile of the business and the Group’s position against its own targets and applicable regulatory requirements. Some of these measures are used by management for risk management purposes and may not yet be required to be disclosed by a government, governmental authority or self-regulatory organisation. As a result, the basis of calculation of these measures may not be the same as that used by the Group’s peers. These capital and liquidity measures and ratios include: the liquidity coverage ratio, stressed outflow coverage and net stable funding ratio.

 

Recent developments

The Group announced that Ross McEwan resigned from his role as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Executive Director on 25 April 2019.

3 

 


 

 

The Royal Bank of Scotland Group plc

Q1 Interim Management Statement

 

RBS reported an operating profit before tax of £1,013 million, compared with £1,213 million in Q1 2018 primarily reflecting £265 million lower income, partially offset by £73 million lower operating expenses.

 

·       Q1 2019 attributable profit of £707 million compared with £808 million in Q1 2018.

 

Supporting our customers:

 

·       We continue to support our customers through ongoing UK economic uncertainty. UK Personal Banking (UK PB) gross new mortgage lending was £7.6 billion in the quarter, with net loans to customers of £150.6 billion at Q1 2019. Commercial Banking originated or refinanced £4.6 billion of utilised term lending in the quarter and net loans to customers were £100.8 billion.

·       Across UK PB, Ulster, Commercial and Private Banking net loans to customers increased by 0.8% on an annualised basis

 

Income stable in a competitive market:

 

·       Excluding notable items(1), NatWest Markets (NWM) and Central items, income remained stable compared with Q1 2018.

·       Across the retail and commercial businesses, net interest margin (NIM) of 2.07% was stable on Q4 2018. Group NIM decreased by 6 basis points to 1.89% reflecting a reclassification of funding costs in NWM and an IFRS 9 accounting change for interest in suspense recoveries.

 

Building a sustainable bank through continued transformation and increased digitisation:

 

·       We remain on track to meet our £300 million cost reduction target this year, achieving a £45 million reduction in the quarter.

·       We now have 6.6 million regular personal and business users of our mobile app. In UK PB, 73% of our active current account customers are regular digital users and total digital sales increased by 17%, representing 47% of all sales in Q1 2019. In Commercial Banking, we now have over 2,500 users of the Bankline Mobile app, up 19% compared with Q4 2018.

 

Capital generation:

 

·       CET1 ratio of 16.2%, which excluding the impact of IFRS 16 ‘Leases’ and a 2p dividend accrual, represents an underlying increase of 30 basis points in the quarter.

·       RWAs increased by £2.1 billion compared with Q4 2018 principally reflecting a £1.3 billion increase associated with IFRS 16 ‘Leases’.

 

Outlook(2)

While we retain the outlook guidance we provided in the 2018 Annual Report on Form 20-F, we recognise that the ongoing impact of Brexit uncertainty on the economy, and associated delay in business borrowing decisions, is likely to make income growth more challenging in the near term.

 

Notes:

(1)    Excluding UK PB debt sale gain of £2 million (Q1 2018 - £26 million) and Commercial Banking fair value and disposal loss of £2 million (Q1 2018 - £77 million gain).

(2)    The targets, expectations and trends discussed in this section represent management’s current expectations and are subject to change, including as a result of the factors described in the “Risk Factors” section on pages 265 to 275 of the 2018 Annual Report on Form 20-F. These statements constitute forward-looking statements. Refer to Forward-looking statements in this announcement.

  

 

4 

 


 

 

Business performance summary

 

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

Performance key metrics and ratios

2019 

2018 

2018 

Operating profit before tax

£1,013m

£572m

£1,213m

Profit attributable to ordinary shareholders

£707m

£304m

£808m

Net interest margin

1.89%

1.95%

2.04%

Net interest margin (excluding NWM)

2.07%

2.07%

2.14%

Average interest earning assets

£436bn

£442bn

£427bn

Cost:income ratio (1) 

63.4%

80.5%

60.5%

Earnings per share

  

  

  

  - basic

5.9p

2.5p

6.8p

  - basic fully diluted

5.8p

2.5p

6.7p

Return on tangible equity

8.3%

3.7%

9.4%

Average tangible equity

£34bn

£33bn

£34bn

Average number of ordinary shares

  

  

  

 outstanding during the period (millions)

  

  

  

   - basic

12,047 

12,040 

11,956 

  -  fully diluted (2) 

12,087 

12,081 

12,015 

  

  

  

  

 

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

Balance sheet related key metrics and ratios

2019

2018 

2018

Total assets

£719.1bn

£694.2bn

£738.5bn

Funded assets

£585.1bn

£560.9bn

£588.7bn

Loans to customers - amortised cost

£306.4bn

£305.1bn

£303.8bn

Impairment provisions

£3.1bn

£3.3bn

£4.2bn

Loan impairment rate (3) 

11bps

2bps

10bps

Customer deposits

£355.2bn

£360.9bn

£354.5bn

  

  

  

  

Liquidity coverage ratio (LCR)

153%

158%

151%

Liquidity portfolio

£190bn

£198bn

£180bn

Net stable funding ratio (NSFR) (4) 

137%

141%

137%

Loan:deposit ratio

86%

85%

86%

Total wholesale funding

£77bn

£74bn

£73bn

Short-term wholesale funding

£19bn

£15bn

£17bn

  

  

  

  

Common Equity Tier (CET1) ratio

16.2%

16.2%

16.4%

Total capital ratio

21.1%

21.8%

21.6%

Pro forma CET 1 ratio, pre dividend accrual (5) 

16.3%

16.9%

  

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs)

£190.8bn

£188.7bn

£202.7bn

CRR leverage ratio

5.2%

5.4%

5.4%

UK leverage ratio

6.0%

6.2%

6.2%

  

  

  

  

Tangible net asset value (TNAV) per ordinary share

289p

287p

297p

Tangible net asset value (TNAV) per ordinary share - fully diluted

288p

286p

295p

Tangible equity

£34,962m

£34,566m

£35,644m

Number of ordinary shares in issue (millions)

12,090 

12,049 

11,993 

Number of ordinary shares in issue (millions) - fully diluted (2,6) 

12,129 

12,088 

12,075 

 

Notes:

(1)    Operating lease depreciation included in income for Q1 2019 - £34 million; (Q4 2018 - £32 million; Q1 2018 - £31 million).

(2)    Includes the effect of dilutive share options and convertible securities. Dilutive shares on an average basis for Q1 2019 were 40 million shares; (Q4 2018 - 41 million shares, Q1 2018 - 59 million shares), and as at 31 March 2019 were 39 million shares (31 December 2018 - 39 million shares; 31 March 2018 - 82 million shares).

(3)    Loan impairment rate is calculated as the annualised impairment charge for the period as a proportion of gross customer loans.

(4)    In November 2016, the European Commission published its proposal for NSFR rules within the EU as part of its CRR2 package of regulatory reforms. CRR2 NSFR is expected to become the regulatory requirement in future within the EU and the UK. RBS has changed its policy on the NSFR to align with its interpretation of the CRR2 proposals with effect from 1 January 2018.

(5)    The pro forma CET 1 ratio at 31 March 2019 excluded a charge of £242 million (2p per share) for the Q1 2019 foreseeable dividend.  31 December 2018 excluded a charge of £422 million (3.5p per share) for the final dividend and £904 million (7.5p per share) for the special dividend due to be paid following the Annual General Meeting held on 25 April 2019.

(6)    Includes 24 million treasury shares (31 December 2018 - 8 million shares; 31 March 2018 - 18 million shares).

 

 

Re-segmentation

Effective from 1 January 2019, Business Banking has been transferred from UK Personal and Business Banking (UK PBB) to Commercial Banking as the nature of the business, including distribution channels, products and customers, are more closely aligned to the Commercial Banking business. Concurrent with the transfer, UK PBB has been renamed UK Personal Banking (UK PB) and the previous franchise combining UK PBB (now UK PB) and Ulster Bank RoI has been renamed Personal & Ulster. Comparatives have been restated.

 

 

 

5 

 


 

 

 

Summary consolidated income statement for the period ended 31 March 2019

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

Net interest income

2,033 

2,176 

2,146 

  

  

  

  

Own credit adjustments

(43)

33 

21 

Other non-interest income

1,047 

849 

1,135 

  

  

  

  

Non-interest income

1,004 

882 

1,156 

  

  

  

  

Total income

3,037 

3,058 

3,302 

  

  

  

  

Litigation and conduct costs

(5)

(92)

(19)

Strategic costs

(195)

(355)

(209)

Other expenses

(1,738)

(2,022)

(1,783)

  

  

  

  

Operating expenses

(1,938)

(2,469)

(2,011)

  

  

  

  

Profit before impairment losses

1,099 

589 

1,291 

Impairment losses

(86)

(17)

(78)

  

  

  

  

Operating profit before tax

1,013 

572 

1,213 

Tax charge

(216)

(118)

(313)

  

  

  

  

Profit for the period

797 

454 

900 

  

  

  

  

Attributable to:

  

  

  

Ordinary shareholders

707 

304 

808 

Other owners

100 

164 

85 

Non-controlling interests

(10)

(14)

  

  

  

  

Notable items within total income

  

  

  

IFRS volatility in Central items & other (1) 

(4)

(25)

(128)

Insurance indemnity in Central items & other

85 

UK PB debt sale gain

35 

26 

FX gain/(losses) in Central items & other

20 

(39)

(15)

Commercial Banking fair value and disposal (loss)/gain

(2)

(10)

77 

NatWest Markets legacy business disposal losses

(4)

(43)

(16)

  

  

  

  

 

Note:

(1)    IFRS volatility relates to loans which are economically hedged but for which hedge accounting is not permitted under IFRS.

6 

 


 

 

 

Business performance summary

 

Personal & Ulster

UK Personal Banking

  

Quarter ended

  

  

As at

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

  

31 March

31 December

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

  

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

£bn

£bn

Total income

1,245 

1,246 

1,298 

  

Net loans to customers

150.6 

148.9 

Operating expenses

(635)

(757)

(686)

  

Customer deposits

145.7 

145.3 

Impairment losses

(112)

(142)

(68)

  

RWAs

35.8 

34.3 

Operating profit

498 

347 

544 

  

Loan impairment rate

30bps

38bps

Return on equity

24.7%

17.2%

29.9%

  

  

  

  

Net interest margin

2.62%

2.60%

2.73%

  

  

  

  

Cost:income ratio

51.0%

60.8%

52.9%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

·       UK PB now has 6.1 million regular mobile app users, with 73% of our active current account customers being regular digital users. Total digital sales volumes increased by 17% representing 47% of all sales in Q1 2019. 59% of personal unsecured loan sales were via the digital channel, 4% higher than Q1 2018. 54% of current accounts opened in Q1 2019 were via the digital channel, with digital volumes 44% higher.

·       Total income was £53 million, or 4.1%, lower than Q1 2018 impacted by a £24 million reduction in debt sale gains, £8 million lower annual insurance profit share and an IFRS 9 accounting change for interest in suspense recoveries of £6 million. Excluding these items, income was £15 million or 1.2% lower than Q1 2018 reflecting a continued competitive mortgage market. Compared with Q4 2018, net interest margin was 2 basis points higher due to the impact of an annual review of mortgage customer behaviour in Q4 2018.

·       Operating expenses were £51 million, or 7.4%, lower compared with Q1 2018. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £8 million, or 1.3%, lower compared with Q1 2018 as lower operational costs associated with a 12% reduction in headcount were largely offset by increased fraud, investment and technology transformation costs.

·       Impairments were £44 million higher than Q1 2018 reflecting lower provision releases and recoveries and an increase in the stage 1 and 2 charge, reflecting IFRS 9 predictive loss model adjustments in Q1 2019, following a slight deterioration in default rates.

·       Compared with Q4 2018, net loans to customers increased by £1.7 billion as a result of strong gross new mortgage lending and lower redemptions. Gross new mortgage lending in the quarter was £7.6 billion, with market flow share of approximately 13% and mortgage approval share of around 12%. 

·       RWAs increased by £1.5 billion compared with Q4 2018, primarily reflecting an increase in central allocations linked to IFRS 16 changes and predictive loss model adjustments in Q1 2019.

 

Ulster Bank RoI

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended

  

  

As at

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

  

31 March

31 December

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

  

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

£bn

£bn

Total income

145 

147 

146 

  

Net loans to customers

18.2 

18.8 

Operating expenses

(136)

(164)

(128)

  

Customer deposits

17.5 

18.0 

Impairment releases/(losses)

11 

19 

(8)

  

RWAs

14.2 

14.7 

Operating profit

20 

10 

  

Loan impairment rate

(23)bps

(39)bps

Return on equity

3.8%

0.4%

1.6%

  

  

  

  

Net interest margin

1.65%

1.73%

1.80%

  

  

  

  

Cost:income ratio

93.8%

111.6%

87.7%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

·       Ulster Bank RoI continues to deliver digital enhancements that improve and simplify the everyday banking experience for customers. The successful launch of paperless processes for everyday banking products has made it easier and quicker for customers to move from application to drawdown. 70% of active personal current account customers are choosing to bank through digital channels. Mobile payments and transfers increased 31% compared with Q1 2018.

·       Total income remained stable compared with Q1 2018 as a decrease in income associated with the non-performing loan portfolio was offset by £9 million (€11 million) one-off benefit following a restructure of interest rate swaps on free funds. Compared with Q4 2018, net interest margin was 8 basis points lower as a continued reduction in funding costs was more than offset by a decrease in income associated with the non-performing portfolio.

·       Operating expenses were £8 million, or 6.3% (€11 million, or 7.6%), higher than Q1 18.  Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £10 million, or 8.70% (€13 million, or 10.0%), higher than Q1 2018 reflecting the continued focus on strengthening the risk, compliance and control environment, investment in technology capabilities and expenditure on recent mortgage marketing activity.

·       A net impairment release of £11 million (€13 million) in the quarter reflects an improvement in the performance of the non-performing loan portfolio and an IFRS 9 change in accounting treatment for the recovery of interest in suspense.

·       Net loans to customers decreased by £0.6 billion compared with Q4 2018 due to the weakening of the euro but increased by €0.1 billion in euro terms primarily driven by growth in the commercial loan portfolio in the quarter.

7 

 


 

 

 

Business performance summary

 

Commercial & Private Banking

Commercial Banking

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended

  

  

As at

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

  

31 March

31 December

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

  

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

£bn

£bn

Total income

1,082 

1,116 

1,158 

  

Net loans to customers

100.8 

101.4 

Operating expenses

(640)

(764)

(595)

  

Customer deposits

131.8 

134.4 

Impairment losses

(5)

(5)

(12)

  

RWAs

78.1 

78.4 

Operating profit

437 

347 

551 

  

Loan impairment rate

2bps

2bps

Return on equity

11.5%

8.3%

13.6%

  

  

  

  

Net interest margin

1.99%

1.96%

1.91%

  

  

  

  

Cost:income ratio

57.8%

67.5%

50.0%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

 

·       The Bankline mobile app was successfully launched in the Apple app store in Q4 2018 and now has over 2,500 users, up 19% compared with Q4 2018. The improved lending journey now provides a decision in principle in under 24 hours for approximately 74% of loans, compared with 50% in 2018.

·       Total income was £76 million, or 6.6%, lower than Q1 2018 reflecting a £79 million reduction in fair value and disposal gains and lower fee income, partially offset by higher deposit income. Compared with Q4 2018, net interest margin increased by 3 basis points to 1.99% due to lower liquidity portfolio costs and deposit funding benefits, partially offset by lower volumes.

·       Operating expenses were £45 million, or 7.6% higher than Q1 2018. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £28 million, or 5.1% higher, primarily reflecting an £11 million one-off item in Q1 2018, increased remediation spend and higher innovation and technology costs.

·       Compared with Q4 2018, net loans to customers decreased by £0.6 billion, or 0.6%, to £100.8 billion. Commercial Banking originated or refinanced £4.6 billion of utilised term lending in the quarter.

·       Compared with Q4 2018, RWAs were £0.3 billion lower as a result of the transfer of £1.0 billion to Central Items in relation to the 2011 investment in the Business Growth Fund and £0.2 billion to NatWest Markets related to the transition of Western European Corporate clients, partially offset by model changes and the impact of IFRS 16 ‘Leases’.

 

 

Private Banking

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended

  

  

As at

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

  

31 March

31 December

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

  

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

£bn

£bn

Total income

193 

198 

184 

  

Net loans to customers

14.4 

14.3 

Operating expenses

(117)

(143)

(121)

  

Customer deposits

26.9 

28.4 

Impairment releases/(losses)

(1)

  

RWAs

9.6 

9.4 

Operating profit

80 

63 

62 

  

AUM

27.8 

26.4 

Return on equity

17.1%

12.3%

12.5%

  

  

  

  

Net interest margin

2.52%

2.49%

2.51%

  

  

  

  

Cost:income ratio

60.6%

72.2%

65.8%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Note:

(1)       Private Banking manages assets under management portfolios on behalf of UK Personal Banking and RBS International (Q4 2018 - £6.6 billion and Q1 2019 - £6.8 billion). Prior to Q4 2018, the assets under management portfolios from Personal and RBSI were not included. Private Banking receives a management fee from UK Personal Banking and clients of RBS International in respect of providing this service.

 

·       Private Banking offers a service-led, digitally enabled experience for its clients, with 73% banking digitally, and 94% of clients positively rate the Coutts24 telephony service. Coutts Connect, the social platform which allows clients to network and build working relationships with one another, now has over 1,500 users with more than half of conversations client to client.

·       Total income was £9 million, or 4.9%, higher than Q1 2018 reflecting increased deposit income and higher lending balances. Compared with Q4 2018, net interest margin increased by 3 basis points due to deposit funding benefits and lower liquidity portfolio costs, partially offset by ongoing asset margin pressure.

·       Operating expenses were £4 million, or 3.3% lower than Q1 2018. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £2 million, or 1.8%, lower primarily reflecting lower back office operations costs. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £2 million, or 1.8%, lower primarily reflecting lower back office operations costs.

·       Net loans to customers increased by £0.1 billion compared with Q4 2018, driven by mortgage lending.

·       Assets under management (AUM) increased by £1.4 billion compared with Q4 2018 to £27.8 billion driven by new business inflows of £0.1 billion and investment performance.

8 

 


 

 

 

Business performance summary

RBS International

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Quarter ended

  

  

As at

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

  

31 March

31 December

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

  

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

£bn

£bn

Total income

151 

155 

137 

  

Net loans to customers

13.3 

13.3 

Operating expenses

(59)

(86)

(59)

  

Customer deposits

27.6 

27.5 

Impairment releases

— 

  

RWAs

7.0 

6.9 

Operating profit

93 

71 

78 

  

  

  

  

Return on equity

28.6%

20.0%

23.2%

  

  

  

  

Net interest margin

1.70%

1.81%

1.57%

  

  

  

  

Cost:income ratio

39.1%

55.5%

43.1%

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

·       The RBS International mobile app now has 69,000 users, an increase of 24% year on year. 90% of wholesale customer payments are now processed using the newly introduced international banking platform, making the payments process simpler for customers.

·       Total income was £14 million, or 10.2%, higher than Q1 2018 driven by deposit margin benefits. Compared with Q4 2018, net interest margin decreased by 11 basis points due to a one-off benefit in Q4 2018 and ongoing higher funding costs associated with becoming a non ring-fenced bank.

·       Operating expenses were stable at £59 million versus Q1 2018. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses were £4 million, or 6.8%, lower reflecting decreased remediation spend and lower back office operations costs.

·       Net loans to customers remained stable compared with Q4 2018. Customer deposits increased by £0.1 billion compared with Q4 2018 primarily due to customer activity in Institutional Banking.

·       In the quarter, RBS International continued to diversify its liquidity portfolio, increasing the position in sovereign bonds with this portfolio expected to modestly increase in scale over future quarters.

 

NatWest Markets(1) 

  

Quarter ended

  

  

As at

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

  

31 March

31 December

  

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

  

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m

£m

  

  

£bn

£bn

Total income

256  

152  

437  

  

Funded assets

138.8  

111.4  

Operating expenses

(334)

(455)

(349)

  

RWAs

44.6  

44.9  

Impairment releases

16  

100  

9  

  

  

  

  

Operating (loss)/profit

(62)

(203)

97  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity

(2.4%)

(9.2%)

2.0%

  

  

  

  

Net interest margin (2) 

(0.39%)

0.39%

0.54%

  

  

  

  

Cost:income ratio

130.5%

299.3%

79.9%

  

  

  

  

Notes:

(1)    The NatWest Markets operating segment should not be assumed to be the same as the NatWest Markets Plc legal entity or group. NatWest Markets Plc entity includes the Central items & other segment but excludes NatWest Markets N.V. for statutory reporting. For the quarter ended 31 March 2019, NatWest Markets Plc’s (consolidated legal entity) results are estimated as: total income of £276 million, operating expenses of £231 million, impairment releases of £20 million, operating profit before tax of £65 million, funded assets(excluding intra-group assets) of £130.8 billion and total assets of £273.6 billion. The key difference between the NWM segment and NWM legal entity operating profit for the quarter ended 31 March 2019 largely relates to expense items, including one-off recoveries, that form part of Central items and other. The remaining difference relates primarily to NatWest Markets N.V.

(2)    From 1 January 2019, funding costs of the trading book  have been reclassified from trading income to net interest income.

 

·       NatWest Markets is increasingly using technology to enhance the way it provides innovative financial solutions to customers. For example, through our automated pricing tool FXmicropay we make it simpler for businesses operating globally to accept payments in multiple currencies. We have now made FXmicropay available on an e-commerce web platform, SAP Commerce Cloud, helping online businesses easily integrate the tool and capture foreign exchange margins via their platform.

·       Total income was £181 million, or 41.4%, lower than Q1 2018 reflecting a £35 million reduction in the core business, an £83 million decrease in legacy income and a £63 million deterioration in own credit adjustments. Income in the core business fell by 8.5% to £377 million as customer activity fell in uncertain market conditions. Legacy income reduced as funding costs associated with former RBS plc debt are now reported wholly in NatWest Markets rather than being partially allocated to other segments. The larger part of this former RBS plc debt is due to mature by early 2020. Income from own credit adjustments deteriorated due to a substantial reduction in funding spreads.

·       Operating expenses were £15 million, or 4.3% lower than Q1 2018. Excluding strategic, litigation and conduct costs, operating expenses reduced by £10 million, or 3.1%, compared with Q1 2018 reflecting lower support costs.

·       RWAs decreased by £0.3 billion compared with Q4 2018 driven by legacy reductions partially offset by a £0.2 billion transfer of Western European Corporate clients from Commercial Banking. Legacy RWAs are now £12.9 billion including Alawwal Bank RWAs of £5.6 billion.

 

Central items & other

·       Central items not allocated represented a charge of £53 million in the quarter, principally reflecting £61 million of strategic costs.

9 

 


 

 

Business performance summary

Capital and leverage ratios

  

  

 

End-point CRR basis (1) 

  

31 March 

31 December 

  

2019 

2018 

Risk asset ratios

CET1

16.2 

16.2 

Tier 1

18.3 

18.4 

Total

21.1 

21.8 

  

  

  

Capital

£m

£m

  

  

  

Tangible equity

34,962 

34,566 

  

  

  

Expected loss less impairment provisions

(682)

(654)

Prudential valuation adjustment

(448)

(494)

Deferred tax assets

(720)

(740)

Own credit adjustments

(311)

(405)

Pension fund assets

(389)

(394)

Cash flow hedging reserve

49 

191 

Foreseeable ordinary dividends

(1,568)

(1,326)

Other deductions

(4)

(105)

  

  

  

Total deductions

(4,073)

(3,927)

  

  

  

CET1 capital

30,889 

30,639 

AT1 capital

4,051 

4,051 

  

  

  

Tier 1 capital

34,940 

34,690 

Tier 2 capital

5,242 

6,483 

  

  

  

Total regulatory capital

40,182 

41,173 

  

  

  

Risk-weighted assets

  

  

  

  

  

Credit risk

  

  

  - non-counterparty

139,300 

137,900 

  - counterparty

14,700 

13,600 

Market risk

14,200 

14,800 

Operational risk

22,600 

22,400 

  

  

  

Total RWAs

190,800 

188,700 

  

  

  

Leverage

  

  

  

  

  

Cash and balances at central banks

83,800 

88,900 

Trading assets

89,100 

75,100 

Derivatives

134,100 

133,300 

Loans

319,400 

318,000 

Other assets

92,700 

78,900 

  

  

  

Total assets

719,100 

694,200 

Derivatives

  

  

  - netting and variation margin

(143,000)

(141,300)

  - potential future exposures

43,100 

42,100 

Securities financing transactions gross up

1,900 

2,100 

Undrawn commitments

48,900 

50,300 

Regulatory deductions and other adjustments

(3,200)

(2,900)

  

  

  

CRR leverage exposure

666,800 

644,500 

  

  

  

CRR leverage ratio %

5.2 

5.4 

  

  

  

UK leverage exposure (2)

586,700 

559,500 

  

  

  

UK leverage ratio % (2)

6.0 

6.2 

  

  

  

Notes:

(1)    Based on end-point CRR Tier 1 capital and leverage exposure under the CRR Delegated Act.

(2)    Based on end-point CRR Tier 1 capital and UK leverage exposures reflecting the post EU referendum measures announced by the Bank of England in the third quarter of 2016.

10 

 


 

 

Segment performance

  

Quarter ended 31 March 2019

Personal & Ulster

  

Commercial & Private

  

  

  

Central

  

  

UK Personal

Ulster

  

Commercial

Private

RBS

  

NatWest

items &

Total

  

Banking

Bank RoI

  

Banking

Banking

International

  

Markets

other (1) 

RBS

  

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Net interest income

1,052 

98 

  

708 

132 

117 

  

(31)

(43)

2,033 

Other non-interest income

193 

47 

  

374 

61 

34 

  

329 

1,047 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

(42)

(1)

(43)

Total income

1,245 

145 

  

1,082 

193 

151 

  

256 

(35)

3,037 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(158)

(52)

  

(190)

(41)

(28)

  

(173)

(294)

(936)

                             - other costs

(74)

(26)

  

(75)

(18)

(13)

  

(48)

(548)

(802)

Indirect expenses

(378)

(47)

  

(309)

(51)

(14)

  

(89)

888 

Strategic costs  - direct

(5)

  

(20)

(2)

  

(18)

(150)

(195)

                          - indirect

(26)

(5)

  

(36)

(7)

(2)

  

(13)

89 

Litigation and conduct costs

(1)

  

(10)

  

(2)

(5)

Operating expenses

(635)

(136)

  

(640)

(117)

(59)

  

(334)

(17)

(1,938)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

610 

  

442 

76 

92 

  

(78)

(52)

1,099 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(112)

11 

  

(5)

  

16 

(1)

(86)

Operating profit/(loss)

498 

20 

  

437 

80 

93 

  

(62)

(53)

1,013 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (2)

24.7%

3.8%

  

11.5%

17.1%

28.6%

  

(2.4%)

nm

8.3%

Cost:income ratio (3)

51.0%

93.8%

  

57.8%

60.6%

39.1%

  

130.5%

nm

63.4%

Loan impairment rate (4)

30bps

(23)bps

  

2bps

nm

nm

  

nm

nm

11bps

Impairment provisions (£bn)

(1.2)

(0.7)

  

(1.0)

  

(0.1)

(0.1)

(3.1)

Impairment provisions - stage 3 (£bn)

(0.6)

(0.6)

  

(0.8)

  

(0.1)

(2.1)

Net interest margin

2.62%

1.65%

  

1.99%

2.52%

1.70%

  

(0.39%)

nm

1.89%

Third party customer asset rate

3.31%

2.32%

  

3.22%

3.01%

1.72%

  

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.37%)

(0.19%)

  

(0.47%)

(0.42%)

(0.15%)

  

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

162.9 

24.1 

  

144.6 

21.2 

27.8 

  

32.1 

23.1 

435.8 

Total assets (£bn)

172.2 

24.8 

  

165.4 

21.7 

28.9 

  

272.8 

33.3 

719.1 

Funded assets (£bn)

172.2 

24.8 

  

165.4 

21.7 

28.9 

  

138.8 

33.3 

585.1 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

150.6 

18.2 

  

100.8 

14.4 

13.3 

  

9.1 

306.4 

Customer deposits (£bn)

145.7 

17.5 

  

131.8 

26.9 

27.6 

  

2.7 

3.0 

355.2 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

35.8 

14.2 

  

78.1 

9.6 

7.0 

  

44.6 

1.5 

190.8 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

36.8 

14.2 

  

79.9 

9.6 

7.1 

  

49.1 

2.0 

198.7 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands)

21.6 

3.1 

  

10.3 

1.9 

1.7 

  

5.0 

23.3 

66.9 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

For the notes to this table, refer to page 14. nm = not meaningful

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

11 

 


 

 

 

Segment performance

  

Quarter ended 31 December 2018

Personal & Ulster

  

Commercial & Private

  

  

  

Central

  

  

UK Personal

Ulster

  

Commercial

Private

RBS

  

NatWest

items &

Total

  

Banking

Bank RoI

  

Banking

Banking

International

  

Markets

other (1) 

RBS

  

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Net interest income

1,061 

110 

  

724 

133 

123 

  

30 

(5)

2,176 

Other non-interest income

185 

37 

  

392 

65 

32 

  

89 

49 

849 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

33 

33 

Total income

1,246 

147 

  

1,116 

198 

155 

  

152 

44 

3,058 

Direct expenses - staff costs

(166)

(53)

  

(185)

(39)

(25)

  

(128)

(263)

(859)

                             - other costs

(80)

(27)

  

(77)

(22)

(22)

  

(65)

(870)

(1,163)

Indirect expenses

(414)

(52)

  

(403)

(72)

(35)

  

(123)

1,099 

Strategic costs  - direct

(27)

(3)

  

(5)

(1)

  

(89)

(230)

(355)

                         - indirect

(63)

(12)

  

(57)

(10)

(2)

  

(22)

166 

Litigation and conduct costs

(7)

(17)

  

(37)

(1)

  

(28)

(2)

(92)

Operating expenses

(757)

(164)

  

(764)

(143)

(86)

  

(455)

(100)

(2,469)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

489 

(17)

  

352 

55 

69 

  

(303)

(56)

589 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(142)

19 

  

(5)

  

100 

(17)

Operating profit/(loss)

347 

  

347 

63 

71 

  

(203)

(55)

572 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (2)

17.2%

0.4%

  

8.3%

12.3%

20.0%

  

(9.2%)

nm

3.7%

Cost:income ratio (3)

60.8%

111.6%

  

67.5%

72.2%

55.5%

  

299.3%

nm

80.5%

Loan impairment rate (4) 

38bps

(39)bps

  

2bps

nm

nm

  

nm

nm

2bps

Impairment provisions (£bn)

(1.1)

(0.8)

  

(1.3)

  

(0.1)

(3.3)

Impairment provisions - stage 3 (£bn)

(0.6)

(0.6)

  

(1.0)

  

(0.1)

(2.3)

Net interest margin

2.60%

1.73%

  

1.96%

2.49%

1.81%

  

0.39%

nm

1.95%

Third party customer asset rate

3.33%

2.43%

  

3.19%

2.94%

1.73%

  

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.36%)

(0.18%)

  

(0.44%)

(0.38%)

(0.08%)

  

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

161.7 

25.2 

  

146.7 

21.2 

26.9 

  

30.4 

30.0 

442.1 

Total assets (£bn)

171.0 

25.2 

  

166.4 

22.0 

28.4 

  

244.5 

36.7 

694.2 

Funded assets (£bn)

171.0 

25.2 

  

166.4 

22.0 

28.4 

  

111.4 

36.5 

560.9 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

148.9 

18.8 

  

101.4 

14.3 

13.3 

  

8.4 

305.1 

Customer deposits (£bn)

145.3 

18.0 

  

134.4 

28.4 

27.5 

  

2.6 

4.7 

360.9 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

34.3 

14.7 

  

78.4 

9.4 

6.9 

  

44.9 

0.1 

188.7 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

35.5 

14.7 

  

79.7 

9.5 

6.9 

  

50.0 

0.2 

196.5 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands)

21.7 

3.1 

  

10.3 

1.9 

1.7 

  

4.8 

23.6 

67.1 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

For the notes to this table, refer to page 14. nm = not meaningful

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

12 

 


 

 

 

Segment performance

  

Quarter ended 31 March 2018

  

Personal & Ulster

  

Commercial & Private

  

  

  

Central

  

  

UK Personal

Ulster

  

Commercial

Private

RBS

  

NatWest

items &

Total

  

Banking

Bank RoI

  

Banking

Banking

International

  

Markets

other (1) 

RBS

  

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

  

£m

£m

£m

Income statement

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Net interest income

1,068 

106 

  

683 

123 

104 

  

36 

26 

2,146 

Other non-interest income

230 

40 

  

475 

61 

33 

  

380 

(84)

1,135 

Own credit adjustments

  

  

21 

21 

Total income

1,298 

146 

  

1,158 

184 

137 

  

437 

(58)

3,302 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Direct expenses  - staff costs

(178)

(49)

  

(188)

(43)

(24)

  

(165)

(317)

(964)

                            - other costs

(65)

(19)

  

(47)

(14)

(15)

  

(53)

(606)

(819)

Indirect expenses

(374)

(47)

  

(311)

(55)

(20)

  

(102)

909 

Strategic costs - direct

(7)

(1)

  

(6)

(1)

  

(17)

(177)

(209)

                         - indirect

(61)

(3)

  

(42)

(8)

(1)

  

(6)

121 

Litigation and conduct costs

(1)

(9)

  

(1)

  

(6)

(3)

(19)

Operating expenses

(686)

(128)

  

(595)

(121)

(59)

  

(349)

(73)

(2,011)

Operating profit/(loss) before impairment (losses)/releases

612 

18 

  

563 

63 

78 

  

88 

(131)

1,291 

Impairment (losses)/releases

(68)

(8)

  

(12)

(1)

  

(78)

Operating profit/(loss)

544 

10 

  

551 

62 

78 

  

97 

(129)

1,213 

Additional information

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Return on equity (2) 

29.9%

1.6%

  

13.6%

12.5%

23.2%

  

2.0%

nm

9.4%

Cost:income ratio (3) 

52.9%

87.7%

  

50.0%

65.8%

43.1%

  

79.9%

nm

60.5%

Loan impairment rate (4) 

18bps

16bps

  

5bps

nm

nm

  

nm

nm

10bps

Impairment provisions (£bn)

(1.3)

(1.2)

  

(1.5)

(0.1)

  

(0.2)

0.1 

(4.2)

Impairment provisions - stage 3 (£bn)

(0.8)

(1.0)

  

(1.4)

  

(0.1)

(3.3)

Net interest margin

2.73%

1.80%

  

1.91%

2.51%

1.57%

  

0.54%

nm

2.04%

Third party customer asset rate

3.41%

2.39%

  

2.90%

2.89%

2.57%

  

nm

nm

nm

Third party customer funding rate

(0.29%)

(0.21%)

  

(0.26%)

(0.19%)

(0.07%)

  

nm

nm

nm

Average interest earning assets (£bn)

158.4 

23.9 

  

144.8 

19.8 

26.9 

  

27.3 

26.3 

427.4 

Total assets (£bn)

166.3 

23.4 

  

165.6 

20.4 

28.0 

  

283.8 

51.0 

738.5 

Funded assets (£bn)

166.3 

23.3 

  

165.5 

20.4 

28.0 

  

135.2 

50.0 

588.7 

Net loans to customers - amortised cost (£bn)

145.9 

19.0 

  

102.9 

13.7 

13.1 

  

9.4 

(0.2)

303.8 

Customer deposits (£bn)

142.9 

16.4 

  

131.1 

25.3 

26.9 

  

3.8 

8.1 

354.5 

Risk-weighted assets (RWAs) (£bn)

31.5 

16.9 

  

84.3 

9.4 

7.0 

  

53.1 

0.5 

202.7 

RWA equivalent (RWAes) (£bn)

32.2 

17.4 

  

88.9 

9.4 

7.0 

  

56.5 

0.9 

212.3 

Employee numbers (FTEs - thousands)

24.5 

3.0 

  

10.7 

1.9 

1.7 

  

5.7 

23.4 

70.9 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

nm = not meaningful

  

  

  

  

  

Notes:

(1)    Central items include unallocated transactions which principally comprise volatile items under IFRS and RMBS related charges.

(2)    RBS’s CET 1 target is around 14% but for the purposes of computing segmental return on equity (ROE), to better reflect the differential drivers of capital usage, segmental operating profit after tax and adjusted for preference dividends is divided by notional equity allocated at different rates of 15% (Ulster Bank RoI, 14% prior to Q1 2019), 12% (Commercial Banking), 13% (Private Banking, 13.5% prior to Q1 2019), 16% (RBS International - 12% prior to Q4 2017)) and 15% for all other segments, of the monthly average of segmental risk-weighted assets incorporating the effect of capital deductions (RWAes). RBS return on equity is calculated using profit for the period attributable to ordinary shareholders.

(3)    Operating lease depreciation included in income (Q1 2019 - £34 million; Q4 2018 - £32 million; Q1 2018 - £31 million).

(4)    Loan impairment rate is calculated as the annualised charge for the period as a proportion of gross customer loans.

13 

 


 

 

Condensed consolidated income statement for the period ended 31 March 2019 (unaudited) 

 

  

Quarter ended

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

2019 

2018 

2018 

  

£m 

£m 

£m 

Interest receivable

2,747 

2,825 

2,702 

Interest payable

(714)

(649)

(556)

Net interest income (1) 

2,033 

2,176 

2,146 

  

  

  

  

Fees and commissions receivable

905 

785 

813 

Fees and commissions payable

(244)

(190)

(207)

Income from trading activities

224 

161 

465 

Other operating income

119 

126 

85 

Non-interest income

1,004 

882 

1,156 

Total income

3,037 

3,058 

3,302 

  

  

  

  

Staff costs

(1,011)

(1,014)

(1,055)

Premises and equipment

(265)

(411)

(370)

Other administrative expenses

(418)

(851)

(399)

Depreciation and amortisation

(244)

(187)

(163)

Write down of other intangible assets

(6)

(24)

Operating expenses

(1,938)

(2,469)

(2,011)

  

  

  

  

Profit before impairment losses

1,099 

589 

1,291 

Impairment losses

(86)

(17)

(78)

  

  

  

  

Operating profit before tax

1,013 

572 

1,213 

Tax charge

(216)

(118)

(313)

  

  

  

  

Profit for the period

797 

454 

900 

Attributable to:

  

  

  

Ordinary shareholders

707 

304 

808 

Other owners

100 

164 

85 

Non-controlling interests

(10)

(14)

  

  

  

  

Earnings per ordinary share  

5.9p

2.5p

6.8p

Earnings per ordinary share - fully diluted

5.8p

2.5p

6.7p

 

Note:

(1)    Negative interest on loans is reported as interest payable. Negative interest on customer deposits is reported as interest receivable.

14 

 


 

 

Condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the period ended 31 March 2019 (unaudited) 

 

  

Quarter ended

  

31 March

31 December

31 March

  

2019

2018 

2018

  

£m

£m

£m

Profit for the period

797 

454 

900 

Items that do not qualify for reclassification

  

  

  

Remeasurement of retirement benefit schemes

  

  

  

 - contributions in preparation for ring-fencing (1)

 - 

(53)

 - 

 - other movements

(42)

14 

 - 

(Loss)/profit on fair value of credit in financial liabilities designated at FVTPL due to

  

  

  

  own credit risk

(46)

91 

61 

Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) financial assets

42 

(13)

 - 

Tax

32 

15 

(13)

  

(14)

54 

48 

Items that do qualify for reclassification

  

  

  

Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) financial assets

41 

(24)

131 

Cash flow hedges

188 

241 

(584)

Currency translation

(350)

190 

(73)

Tax

(40)

(35)

126 

  

(161)

372 

(400)

Other comprehensive (loss)/income after tax

(175)

426 

(352)

  

  

  

  

Total comprehensive income for the period

622 

880 

548 

  

  

  

  

Total comprehensive income/(loss) is attributable to:

  

  

  

Ordinary shareholders

558 

727 

474 

Preference shareholders

10 

88 

18 

Paid-in equity holders

90 

76 

67 

Non-controlling interests

(36)

(11)

(11)

  

622 

880 

548 

Note:

(1)

On 17 April 2018 RBS agreed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Trustees of the RBS Group Pension Fund in connection with the requirements of ring-fencing.  NatWest Markets Plc could not continue to be a participant in the Main section and separate arrangements have been made for its employees. Under the MoU, on 9 October 2018, NatWest Bank Plc made a contribution of £2 billion to strengthen funding of the Main section relating to the ring-fenced bank. In Q1 2019 NatWest Markets Plc paid a contribution of £53 million to the new NatWest Markets section relating to the non-ring fenced bank.   

 

 

15 

 


 

 

Condensed consolidated balance sheet as at 31 March 2019 (unaudited) 

 

  

31 March

31 December

2019 

2018 

  

£m

£m 

Assets

  

  

Cash and balances at central banks

83,800 

88,897 

Trading assets

89,101 

75,119 

Derivatives

134,079 

133,349 

Settlement balances

13,556 

2,928 

Loans to banks - amortised costs

13,042 

12,947 

Loans to customers - amortised cost

306,400 

305,089 

Other financial assets

62,058 

59,485 

Intangible assets

6,616 

6,616 

Other assets

10,484 

9,805 

  

  

  

Total assets

719,136 

694,235 

  

  

  

Liabilities

  

  

Bank deposits  

25,188 

23,297 

Customer deposits

355,186 

360,914 

Settlement balances

12,981 

3,066 

Trading liabilities

86,554 

72,350 

Derivatives

130,606 

128,897 

Other financial liabilities

42,404 

39,732 

Subordinated liabilities

9,651 

10,535 

Other liabilities

9,716 

8,954 

Total liabilities

672,286 

647,745 

  

  

  

Equity

  

  

Ordinary shareholders' interests

41,578 

41,182 

Other owners' interests

4,554 

4,554 

Owners’ equity

46,132 

45,736 

Non-controlling interests

718 

754 

  

  

  

Total equity

46,850 

46,490 

Total liabilities and equity

719,136 

694,235 

  

  

  

16 

 


 

 

Condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity for the period ended 31 March 2019 (unaudited) 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Share

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

capital and

  

  

  

Total

Non

  

  

statutory

Paid-in

Retained

Other

owners'

controlling

Total

  

reserves

equity  

earnings

reserves*

equity

 interests 

equity

  

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

At 1 January 2019

13,055 

4,058 

14,312 

14,311 

45,736 

754 

46,490 

Implementation of IFRS 16 on 1 January 2019 (1) 

(187)

(187)

(187)

Profit attributable to ordinary shareholders

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  and other equity owners

807 

807 

(10)

797 

Other comprehensive income

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

 - Remeasurement of retirement benefit schemes

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

   -  other movements

(42)

(42)

(42)

 - Changes in fair value of credit in financial liabilities at

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

    fair value through profit or loss

(46)

(46)

(46)

 - Other amounts recognised in equity